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Which of the following was a goal of the Republican Party in the years prior to the Civil War? 1. 2. 3. 4.

Abolish Slavery Promote Slavery Ignore the issue of slavery Prohibit the extension of slavery

"Compromise enables Maine and Missouri to Enter Union" (1820) "California Admitted to Union as Free State" (1850) "Kansas-Nebraska Act Sets Up Popular Sovereignty" (1854) Which issue is reflected in these headlines? 1. 2. 3. 4. Enactment of protective tariffs Extension of slavery Voting rights for minorities Universal public education

In the mid-1800's, which issue was regarded as a violation of Christian principles by many Americans? 1. 2. 3. 4. slavery public executions established churches universal manhood suffrage

The controversy over Federal power versus States' rights was basic cause of the 1. 2. 3. 4. Revolutionary War Civil War Spanish-American War Korean War

The territorial expansion of the United States before the Civil War became a matter for furious political debate because 1. 2. 3. 4. Northerners were opposed to any expansion the South would not send troops to acquire free territory. additional states would tend to upset the sectional balance in the Senate. no new territory would be admitted until the Texas controversy was settled.

All of the following accurately depict Southern attitudes EXCEPT they 1. 2. 3. believed that individual states could nullify Federal laws. insisted that states entered the Union freely and could leave freely if they chose. agreed with the Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case

4.

refused to accept fugitive slave laws.

Which was the first state to secede from the Union 1. 2. 3. 4. Mississippi Georgia Virginia South Carolina

What advantage did the North LACK in fighting the Civil War? 1. 2. 3. 4. Population Industry Financial resources Defensive strategy

Which of the following was an advantage the Confederacy had over the Union 1. 2. 3. 4. Better generals initially A larger population Numerous manufacturing plants Powerful foreign allies

What was Sherman's strategy of total war in his march through Georgia? 1. 2. 3. 4. To find and destroy Lee's army To fire on civilians as well as soldiers To disrupt the blockade To destroy troops, fields, and factories

Abraham Lincolns' primary goal for his early Presidency was to 1. 2. 3. 4. enforce the Emancipation Proclamation preserve the Union end slavery throughout the entire country encourage sectionalism

Lincoln described the Civil War as a struggle to preserve a nation that was dedicated to the proposition that "all men are created equal" and that was ruled by a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people" in the 1. 2. 3. Constitution Gettysburg Address Emancipation Proclamation

4.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolution

Which is NOT an accurate statement concerning Robert E. Lee? 1. He was a Virginian who won victories over the Union Forces at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. 2. He supported and encouraged the South's decision to secede from the Union. 3. He was the Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. 4. He urged the South to accept defeat and reunite with the North after Appomattox. What was Grant's strategy for winning the war? 1. 2. 3. Enlist African Americans in the army Decisively defeat Lee in a major battle Wear down Lee's army with his greater resources of troops and supplies.

A political reason as to why Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation was to 1. 2. 3. 4. free all slaves throughout the nation end the draft riots in the North win the presidential election of 1862 assure British neutrality

Lee's surrender to Grant took place at 1. 2. 3. 4. Antietam Vicksburg Gettysburg Appomattox

Lincoln believed that 1. 2. 3. 4. the United States was "one nation" and not a collection of sovereign states. all states had the power to nullify federal laws. the federal government was too powerful an it violated states' rights. the Declaration of Independence legalized a states' right to secede from the Union.

Which of the following is NOT a correct statement? 1. 2. 3. 4. Fort Sumter was the opening confrontation of the Civil War. The Battle of Antietam resulted in the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. The Battle of Chancellorsville was the turning point of the Civil War. Appomattox was the site of Lee's surrender.

The Emancipation Proclamation did all of the following EXCEPT it

1. 2. 3. 4.

declared that slaves in "rebelling" Southern states were free made the destruction of slavery a Northern war aim. was issued after the decisive Union victory at Gettysburg. discouraged any interference from foreign governments.

Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction could not be fully enacted due to his 1. 2. 3. 4. failure to be reelected in 1864 assassination a few days after Lee's surrender impeachment by the Radical Republicans philosophy of punishing the South was not supported by Congress.

What was Lincoln's goal for Reconstruction? 1. 2. 3. Punish the South for secession and the war. Heal wartime bitterness by quickly bringing the South back into the "Union. Maintain a military presence in the South until the rights of African Americans were guaranteed. 4. Get freed blacks, carpetbaggers, and scalawags elected to office so that Republicans could continue to dominate the government. The economic impact of the Civil war on the South included all of the following EXCEPT 1. 2. 3. 4. the South appreciated the help of Northerners to rebuild the South following the war. The South was left embittered and devastated by the war. the South's factories, farms, railroads, and major cities were destroyed and lay in ruins. The south remained a backwards agriculture-based economy and the poorest section of the nation for many decades.

The Fifteenth Amendment states 1. 2. 3. slavery was permanently abolished in the United States. states were prohibited from denying equal rights under the law to any American. voting rights were guaranteed regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

Which country did the North fear might become an ally of the Confederacy? 1. 2. 3. 4. Mexico Great Britain Russia Spain

The 15th Amendment 1. abolished slavery

2. 3. 4.

granted citizenship rights to blacks gave the right to vote to black males. guaranteed equal protection under the law to blacks.

The main purpose of the Homestead Act of 1862 was to 1. 2. 3. 4. encourage settlement of public lands in the west. provide land for building a transcontinental railroad. raise revenue for the federal government. maintain a balance between slave and free states.

How did the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson turn out? 1. 2. 3. 4. He was convicted and sent to prison. He was convicted and removed from office. He avoided conviction by one vote. He was overwhelmingly found innocent.

Why was the Thirteenth Amendment passed? 1. 2. 3. 4. To abolish slavery. To give voting rights to blacks. To set up black codes. To redistribute land in the south.

What was the underlying cause of President Johnson's impeachment? 1. 2. 3. 4. Corruption in his administration. His power struggle with Congress. His foreign policy. A power struggle between the federal government and the states.

The citizenship rights of a person born or naturalized in the United States are protected by the 1. 2. 3. 4. 12th Amendment 13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment

What is significant about Lincoln's Gettysburg Address? 1. 2. 3. It called for the South to surrender. It freed the slaves throughout the United States. It defined the nature of democratic government.

4.

It instituted draft laws for the first time in U.S. History.

The controversy over Federal Power vs. States' Rights was a basic cause of the 1. 2. 3. 4. Revolutionary War Civil War Spanish-American War Korean War

This chart shows the Presidential Election results of 1860. Which Candidate won the FEWEST popular votes? 1. 2. 3. 4. John Bell Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln John Breckinridge

This chart shows the Results of the Presidential Election of 1860 Although gaining APPROXIMATELY 1.4 million popular votes, this candidate ranked last in the outcome of the Election of 1860. This candidate was 1. 2. 3. 4. John Bell Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln John Breckenridge.

Results of the Presidential Election of 1860 What information provided in the chart determines the victor of the Election of 1860? 1. 2. 3. the number of popular votes the number of electoral votes the percentage of popular votes

Tenements were first built in the nineteenth century to 1. 2. 3. 4. house the poor as cheaply as possible. provide workers with healthful housing provide the poor with a variety of services provide work space for people who worked at home.

What did the imitative reform allow? 1. 2. 3. 4. It allowed voters to propose legislation. It allowed the legislature to remove the governor from office. It allowed citizens to vote on laws proposed by the legislature. It allowed voters to fire public officials.

The term "Muckraker" has been used to describe authors whose writing deal mainly with 1. 2. 3. 4. criticizing the government's welfare policies. publicizing Constitution issues relating to minority groups. advancing the cause of press freedom. exposing social conditions in need of reform.

Teddy Roosevelt's democratic program was referred to as 1. 2. 3. 4. the Fair Deal. the New Frontier. the Square Deal. the New Deal.

Which statement BEST represents Theodore Roosevelt's attitude toward trusts? 1. 2. 3. 4. All trusts should be abolished. There should be no interference with the organization of trusts. The federal government should encourage the formation of trusts. "Good" trusts should be allowed to exist but under government supervision.

The Women's Suffrage Movement during the Progressive Era 1. did little to impact the modern protest movement for women's rights.

2.

discouraged women from entering the labor force during WWI until they received the right to vote. 3. resulted in the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920. 4. succeeded in obtaining "equal pay for equal work" for women employed in steel factories. The American "melting pot" refers to 1. 2. 3. 4. the process of assimilation experienced by immigrants the massive industrial output of the American nation the method used by Henry Bessemer to strengthen steel the active volcanoes located on the continental United States

The corporation was formed to 1. 2. 3. 4. build monopolies protect investors with limited liability take advantage of the stock market use federal funds to build factories

The founder of the American Federation of Labor was 1. 2. 3. 4. Eugene V. Debs. Samuel Gompers. Uriah H. Stephens. Terence Powderly.

All of the following were experienced by immigrants EXCEPT 1. 2. 3. 4. children struggled to learn English and adopt American customs. used schools to achieve their dream of becoming American citizens. hardship and hostility due to prejudice against their religious and cultural differences. living in integrated neighborhoods in suburbs surrounding the urban cites.

154 / 297 1. The Progressive Movement used the government to reform problems created by 1. Industrialization 2. The Civil War 3. Jim Crow Laws 4. Sectionalism All of the following industrial cities grew into manufacturing and transportation centers during the industrial era EXCEPT

1. 2. 3. 4.

Chicago, Illinois. Cleveland, Ohio. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Portland, Oregon.

Garment workers put in long days in dark and unsafe 1. 2. 3. 4. sweatshops rural shacks textile guilds community centers.

What do citizens vote on in a referendum? 1. 2. 3. 4. The federal budget. Whether or not to impeach the President. A bill before the state legislature. A bill before the U.S. Senate.

The Bessemer process was a method of producing cheap 1. 2. 3. 4. oil steel electricity cotton cloth

With the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment, senators were chosen by 1. 2. 3. 4. popular vote. the President. state legislatures. the electoral college.

The rapid growth of cities resulted in all of the following EXCEPT the 1. 2. 3. 4. need for public services, such as water and sewage shortage of housing facilities rise of slums and tenement houses increased democratic freedoms for women and First Americans.

Which President is NOT associated with the Progressive Movement? 1. 2. 3. 4. Theodore Roosevelt William McKinley Woodrow Wilson William Taft

Progressives advocated the recall reform because they wanted citizens to be able to 1. 2. 3. 4. remove incompetent officials between elections abandon both political parties contact the candidates retract unjust laws

What reform allowed all party members to choose their party's candidates? 1. 2. 3. 4. Recall Referendum Initiative Primary System

Child Labor laws were enacted due to the impact of the literature written to expose the abuses of child labor by the 1. 2. 3. 4. Muckrakers Captains of Industry Presidential Candidates National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

At the turn of the century, why did MOST immigrants to the United States settle in cities? 1. 2. 3. 4. Jobs were readily available. Government relief programs required immigrates to settle in cities. Labor unions encourage unrestricted immigration. Immigrants were not permitted to buy farmland.

A strategic naval base of the United States during the first half of the twentieth century was located in 1. 2. 3. 4. The Bahamas The Hawaiian Islands The continent of Australia The Alaskan Territory

America became eager and willing to go to war against Spain after 1. 2. 3. 4. the battleship Maine was sunk off Cuba. Spanish warships approached the coast of Florida A Spanish minister write an insulting letter about the United States. The price of sugar went up.

The four Allied countries attending the peace conference after WWI were

1. 2. 3. 4.

Germany, The United States, Great Britain, and France The United States, Great Britain, France, and Italy Russia, The United States, Great Britain, and France The United States, Germany, Russia, and Italy

Which groups benefited MOST from job opportunities at home during the First World War? 1. 2. 3. 4. Immigrants Blacks and women Farmers in the south and west The unemployed and Mexican-Americans.

The President of the United States during the Spanish-American War was 1. 2. 3. 4. William McKinley William Howard Taft Theodore Roosevelt Grover Cleveland

As a result of the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico became a possession of 1. 2. 3. 4. Cuba Spain Japan The United States

Which of the following was NOT true of the Treaty of Versailles? 1. 2. 3. 4. France and Britain insisted on punishing Germany for the war. A League of Nations was created to prevent future wars and aggression. The United States had tremendous influence in drafting the treaty. National boundaries were redrawn, creating many new nations.

The United States took the job of "police officer" in the western Hemisphere by declaring 1. 2. 3. 4. The Monroe Doctrine The Roosevelt Corollary The Open Door Policy The Boxer Rebellion

All of the following were reasons for U.S. Territorial expansion overseas EXCEPT to 1. 2. 3. 4. open new markets to American products. obtain raw materials and natural resources. develop strategic military bases. remain isolationist from European affairs.

The United States acquired all of the following territories during ht era of American imperialism except. 1. 2. 3. 4. Alaska Brazil Hawaii The Philippines

Which of the following was NOT a reason for the United States' entry into WWI? 1. 2. 3. 4. To make the world safe for democracy To protect American lives and shipping To gain territory To uphold international law.

The League of Nations 1. 2. 3. 4. was quickly approved by the Senate would be controlled by the United States Congress was strong due to the power of the French and British militaries was objected to by Americans because United States foreign policy decisions would be made by an international organization.

The main reason the United States developed the Open Door Policy was to 1. 2. 3. 4. allow the United States to expand its trade with China demonstrate the positive features of democracy to Chinese leaders. aide the Chinese Nationalists in their struggle with the Chinese Communists. encourage Chinese workers to come to the United States.

What did Theodore Roosevelt mean by the statement, "Speak softly and carry a big stick?" 1. 2. 3. 4. Don't reveal your secrets Be prepared to get your way by force Be prepared to compromise Treat foreign governments form a position of weakness.

The United States wanted to build the panama Canal in order to 1. 2. 3. 4. gain control of Panama strengthen the economy of Panama make money by charging of rates use link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

The League of Nations was formed as a part of the

1. 2. 3. 4.

Central Powers Armistice Allied Powers Versailles Treaty

The main objective of President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points was to 1. 2. 3. 4. establish a military alliance with European nations. punish Germany for causing WWI provide for a just and lasting peace encourage open immigration in industrial nations.

The President who is credited with the Panama Canal project was 1. 2. 3. 4. William Howard Taft Theodore Roosevelt William McKinley Woodrow Wilson

The Senate failed to ratify the Treaty of Versailles because it 1. 2. 3. 4. wanted more money wanted more territory opposed the League of Nations opposed the formation of the U.S.S.R.

The Open Door Policy stated that all nations should 1. 2. 3. 4. stop trading with China own their own ports in China have equal trading rights with China. start exchange programs with China.

Which of the following is an INCORRECT statement concerning the Tariff Act of 1930? 1. 2. 3. 4. The Tariff Act of 1930 is probably refereed to as the Hawley-Smooth Act The Tariff Act of 1930 produced retaliatory tariffs in other countries. The Tariff Act of 1930 was a cause leading to the Great Depression The Tariff Act of 1930 resulted in lowering the tariffs on imports.

What practice in farming and industry weakened the economy in the 1920's 1. 2. 3. 4. Unionization Overproduction Underproduction Institutional investing

A major goal of the government in creating the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was to 1. 2. 3. 4. increase the governments tax revenue provide jobs for the unemployed restore the public's faith in financial institutions stimulate economic growth

One of the major causes of the Great Depression was the 1. 2. 3. 4. overproduction of goods during the 1920's increase in the federal taxes consumers were forced to pay increased power of labor unions during the 1920's large number of public works projects begun by President Hoover.

The passage of the immigration acts of 1921 and 1924 indicated that the United States wished to 1. 2. 3. 4. encourage cultural diversity reduce the number of immigrants play a larger role in international affairs continue the immigration policies followed during most of the 19th century

Which is the common argument against raising tariffs on imported goods? 1. Foreign trading partners may retaliate and reduce their purchases of American-made goods. 2. Foreign products are almost always more expensive than goods made in the United States. 3. Levying taxes on imported goods may be unconstitutional. As the American economy grew during the 1920's, more and more Americans 1. 2. 3. 4. bought goods on credit. stopped investing in the stock market. came to support the Democratic Party. sympathized with the demands of labor.

One reason for the Stock Market Crash of 1929 was that 1. 2. 3. 4. many people bought stocks on margin. there was not much demand for livestock in 1929. strict government regulations kept many people from buying stocks. American manufactures were forced to lower prices because of foreign competition.