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TABLE OF CONTENTS

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

Concept of Criminal Law


Purpose
Magno vs. CA, G.R. No. 96132 June 26, 1992-----------------------------------------------2

Enactment of Penal Statues (Constitutional Limitations)


Romualdez vs. COMELEC, GR 167011 April 30, 2011--------------------------------------3
Southern Hemisphere vs. Anti- Terrorism Council, GR 178552 Oct. 5, 2010--------4
Estrada vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2011--------------------5
People vs. Dacuycuy, G.R. No. L-45127 May 5, 1929--------------------------------------6

Characteristics of Criminal Law


Diplomatic Immunity
Minucher v. Scalzo, G.R. No.142396 Feb. 11, 2003----------------------------------------7
Liang v. People, GR 125865 March 26, 2011------------------------------------------------8
Retroactivity
People v. Lacson, GR 149453, April 1, 2003-------------------------------------------------9
Go v. Dimagiba, GR 151876 June 21, 2005-------------------------------------------------10
Territoriality
US vs. Bull, 15 Phil. 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------------11
People vs. Wong Cheng, 46 Phil. 729--------------------------------------------------------12
People vs. Look Chow, 18 Phil. 573----------------------------------------------------------13
People vs. Lol-lo and Saraw, 43 Phil. 19-----------------------------------------------------14

ARTICLE 3 DEFINITION OF FELONY


Dolo v. Culpa
People vs. Ah Chong, 15 Phil. 257------------------------------------------------------------16
People vs. Oanis, 74 Phil. 257-----------------------------------------------------------------17
People vs. Pugay, GR L-74324 Nov.17, 1988-----------------------------------------------18
People vs. Garcia, GR 153591 Feb. 23, 2004-----------------------------------------------19
Garcia vs. CA, GR 157171 March 14, 2006-------------------------------------------------20
Manuel vs. People, GR 165842 November 29, 2005-------------------------------------21
People v. Delim, GR 142773, January 28, 2003-------------------------------------------22
Ivler v. San Pedro, G.R. No. 172716, November 17, 2010------------------------------23
Mala in se vs. Mala Prohibita
People v. Bayona, 61 Phil. 181----------------------------------------------------------------24
US vs. Chico, 14 Phil. 128-----------------------------------------------------------------------25

ARTICLE 4 CRIMINAL LIABILITY


People vs. Iligan, 191 SCRA 643---------------------------------------------------------------27
People vs. Mananquil, 132 SCRA 198--------------------------------------------------------28
Quinto vs. Andres, et.al. GR 155791 March 16, 2005-----------------------------------29
People vs. Quianzon, 62 Phil. 162------------------------------------------------------------30
Urbano v. IAC, GR 72964, January 7, 1988-------------------------------------------------31
Impossible Crimes
Intod v. Court of Appeals, 215 SCRA 52-----------------------------------------------------32
People v. Domasian, 219 SCRA 245----------------------------------------------------------33

ARTICLE 6 STAGES OF A FELONY


Subjective and Objective phase of a felony
U.S v. Eduave, 36 Phil. 209---------------------------------------------------------------------35
Rape
People v. Orita, 184 SCRA 105----------------------------------------------------------------36

People v. Campuhan, 329 SCRA 270---------------------------------------------------------37


Theft
Valenzuela v. People, 525 SCRA 306---------------------------------------------------------38
Robbery
People v. Lamahang, 62 Phil. 703------------------------------------------------------------39
People v. Salvilla, 184 SCRA 671--------------------------------------------------------------40
Murder
Epifanio v. People, GR 157057, June 26, 2007--------------------------------------------41
People v. Sy Pio, 94 Phil. 885------------------------------------------------------------------42
People v. Ravelo, 202 SCRA 655--------------------------------------------------------------43
Homicide
People v. Kalalom, 59 Phil. 715---------------------------------------------------------------44
Estafa
US vs. Dominguez, 41 Phil. 409---------------------------------------------------------------45
Bribery
Pozar v. CA, GR L- 62439, October 23, 1984-----------------------------------------------46
Arson
People v. Hernandez, 54 Phil. 122------------------------------------------------------------47
US v. Valdez, 39 Phil. 240-----------------------------------------------------------------------48

ARTICLE 10
Ladonga vs. People, GR 141066, February 17, 2005-------------------------------------50
People vs. Simon, 234 SCRA 555--------------------------------------------------------------51

ARTICLE 11 JUSTIFYING CIRCUMSTANCES


Self Defense
Unlawful Aggression
People vs. Manaban, GR 150723, July 11, 2006------------------------------------------53
People vs. Alconga, 78 Phil.366---------------------------------------------------------------54
People vs. Genosa, 419 SCRA 537------------------------------------------------------------55
Test of Real and Imminent Peril
Senoja vs. People, GR. 160341, October 19, 2004---------------------------------------56
Reasonable Necessity
People vs. Razon, GR 158053, June 21, 2007----------------------------------------------57
Eslabon v. People, 127 SCRA 783-------------------------------------------------------------58
People v. Luague, 62 Phil. 504-----------------------------------------------------------------59
People v. Dela Cruz, 61 Phil. 344-------------------------------------------------------------60
People v. Jaurigue, 76 Phil. 174---------------------------------------------------------------61
Sufficient Provocation
People v. Oriente, GR 155094, January 30, 2007-----------------------------------------62
Defense of Property
People v. Apolinar, 38 OG 2870---------------------------------------------------------------63
US v. Baumanglag, 14 Phil. 644---------------------------------------------------------------64
People v. Narvaez, 121 SCRA 339------------------------------------------------------------65
Self- Defense in Libel
People vs. Chua Hong (CA), 51 OG 1932----------------------------------------------------66
People vs. Pelayo, 64 OG 1991----------------------------------------------------------------67
State of Necessity
Tan v. Standard Vacuum Oil Co., 91 Phil. 672---------------------------------------------68
Fulfillment of Duty and Evercise of Right
People v. Oanis, 74 Phil. 257-------------------------------------------------------------------69
Lawful Order
People v. Beronilla, 6 Phil. 566----------------------------------------------------------------70
People v. Barroga, 54 Phil. 247----------------------------------------------------------------71

ARTICLE 12 EXEMPTING CIRCUMSTANCES


Insanity/Imbecility
People v. Ambal, 100 SCRA 325---------------------------------------------------------------73

People v. Puno, 105 SCRA 151----------------------------------------------------------------74


People v. Dungo, 199 SCRA 860---------------------------------------------------------------75
People v. Tanco, 58 Phil.255-------------------------------------------------------------------76
Minority
People v. Estepano, 307 SCRA 701-----------------------------------------------------------77
Llave vs. People, G.R. No. 166040, April 26, 2006----------------------------------------78
Jarco vs. CA, 321 SCRA 375---------------------------------------------------------------------79
Guevarra v. Almodovar, 169 SCRA 476-----------------------------------------------------80
People v. Sarcia, GR 169641, September 10, 2009---------------------------------------81
People v. Mantalaba, GR 186227, July 20, 2011------------------------------------------82
Irresistible Force/ Uncontrollable Fear
US v. Caballeros, 4 Phil. 350-------------------------------------------------------------------83
US v. Exaltacion, 3 Phil. 339-------------------------------------------------------------------84
Accident
Pomoy v. People, 439 SCRA 439--------------------------------------------------------------85
Absolutory Causes, Arts. 6, 20, 247, 332
People v. Doria, 301 SCRA 668----------------------------------------------------------------86

ARTICLE 13 MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES


Lack of intention to commit so grave a wrong
People v. Ural, 56 SCRA 138-------------------------------------------------------------------88
People v. Callet, GR 135701 May 9, 2002--------------------------------------------------89
Sufficient Provocation
People v. Leonor, 305 SCRA 285--------------------------------------------------------------90
People v. Espina, GR 132325 July 16, 2002------------------------------------------------91
Immediate vindication of a grave offense
People v. Diokno, 63 Phil. 601-----------------------------------------------------------------92
US v. Ampar, 37 Phil. 201-----------------------------------------------------------------------93
People v. Pajares, 210 SCRA 237--------------------------------------------------------------94
Passion or Obfuscation
People vs. Adlawan, GR 131839, January 30, 2002--------------------------------------95
US v. Hieks, 14 Phil. 217------------------------------------------------------------------------96
US v. Dela Cruz, 22 Phil. 429-------------------------------------------------------------------97
Illness
People v. Crisistomo, GR L- 32243, April 15, 1988---------------------------------------98
People v. Javier, 311 SCRA 576---------------------------------------------------------------99
Analogous Circumstances
People v. Narvasa, 76 SCRA 70--------------------------------------------------------------100
Canta v. People, 353 SCRA 250--------------------------------------------------------------101

ARTICLE 14 AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCES


R.A. 8294
People v. Ladjaalam, 136149-51, September 19, 2000--------------------------------103
Celino v. CA, G.R. No. 170562, June 29, 2007--------------------------------------------104
Insult to Public Authorities
People v. Rodil, 109 SCRA 308---------------------------------------------------------------105
People v. Tac-an, 182 SCRA 601-------------------------------------------------------------106
Dwelling
People v. Sto. Tomas, 138 SCRA 206-------------------------------------------------------107
People v. Apduhan, 24 SCRA 798-----------------------------------------------------------108
Nighttime
People v. Garcia, et.al. , GR L- 30449, Oct. 31, 1979-----------------------------------109
Evident Premeditation
US v. Manalinde, 14 Phil. 77-----------------------------------------------------------------110
People v. Discalsota, G.R. No. 136892, April 11, 2002---------------------------------111
Treachery
US v. Baluyot, 40 Phil. 385--------------------------------------------------------------------112
People v. Escote, GR 140756, April 4, 2003, 400 SCRA 603--------------------------113

People v. Caratao, G.R. No. 126281 June 10, 2003-------------------------------------114


People v. Sitchon, G.R. No. 134362 February 27, 2002--------------------------------115
People v. Ancheta, G.R. Nos. 138306-07 December 21, 2001-----------------------116
Ignominy
People v. Alfanta, 320 SCRA 357------------------------------------------------------------117
People v. Dizon, GR 134802 October 26, 2001------------------------------------------118

ARTICLE 17 PRINCIPALS
Conspiracy
People v. Pelagio, 20 SCRA 153-------------------------------------------------------------120
People v. Federico, 247 SCRA 246----------------------------------------------------------121
People v. Aguilos, GR 121828, June 27, 2003--------------------------------------------122
Principals by inducement
US v. Indanan, 24 Phil. 203-------------------------------------------------------------------123
People v. Kiichi Omine, 61 Phil. 609--------------------------------------------------------124
Principals by indispensable cooperation
People v. Montealegre, GR 67948, May 31, 1988--------------------------------------125
U.S. v. Lim Buanco, 14 Phil. 472-------------------------------------------------------------126
People v. Madali, 188 SCRA 69--------------------------------------------------------------127

ARTICLE 18 ACCOMPLICES
People v. Tamayo, 44 Phil. 38----------------------------------------------------------------129
People v. Realon, 99 SCRA 422--------------------------------------------------------------130
People v. Doctolero, 193 SCRA 632--------------------------------------------------------131
People v. Watimar, G.R. Nos. 121651-52 August 16, 2000---------------------------132

ARTICLE 19 ACCESSORIES
Profiting from the effects of the crime
Mendoza v. People, 157 SCRA 464---------------------------------------------------------134
Taer v. C.A., 186 SCRA 598-------------------------------------------------------------------135
PD 1612
Dizon-Pamintuan v. People, 239 SCRA 63------------------------------------------------136
Tan v. People, 313 SCRA 220-----------------------------------------------------------------137
Assisting the principal to escape
People v. Talingdan, 84 SCRA 19------------------------------------------------------------138
Vino v. People, 178 SCRA 626----------------------------------------------------------------139

ARTICLE 48 COMPLEX CRIMES


Compound (Delito Compuesto)
People v. Pincalin, 102 SCRA 136-----------------------------------------------------------141
People v. Toling, 62 SCRA 17-----------------------------------------------------------------142
People v. Tabaco, 270 SCRA 32--------------------------------------------------------------143
Complex Crime Proper
Enrile v. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217--------------------------------------------------------------144
People v. Valdez, 304 SCRA 611-------------------------------------------------------------145
People v. Garcia, GR 141125, February 28, 2002---------------------------------------146
People v. Alfeche, G.R. No. 124213, August 17, 1998, 294 SCRA 352-------------147
Batulanon v. People, GR No.139857, September 15, 2006---------------------------148
Continued Crime
People v. de Leon, 49 Phil. 437--------------------------------------------------------------149
Santiago v. garchitorena, GR 109266, Dec. 2, 1993------------------------------------150
Gamboa v. CA, GR L- 41054, November 28, 1975--------------------------------------151
People v. Penas, GR 46353-46355, Dec. 5, 1938----------------------------------------152
People v. Madrigal- Gonzales, Nos.L-16688-90, 7 SCRA 942-------------------------153

APPLICATIONS OF PENALTIES
Death Penalty - RA 9346
People v. Bon, G.R. No. 166401, October 30, 2006------------------------------------155

People v. Simon, 234 SCRA 555-------------------------------------------------------------156

EXTINCTION OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY (Art. 89-99)


Pardon and Amnesty
People v. Patriarca, et. al., 135457. Sept. 29, 2000-------------------------------------158
Prescription
Domingo v. Sandiganbayan, 322 SCRA 655-----------------------------------------------159
People v. Pacificador, 354 SCRA 310-------------------------------------------------------160
Sermonia v. CA, G.R. No. 109454, June 14, 1994---------------------------------------161
Romualdez v. CA, G.R. No. 165510-33, July 28, 2006----------------------------------162
Probation Law
Llamado v. CA, 174 SCRA 566----------------------------------------------------------------163
Bala v. Martinez, 181 SCRA 459-------------------------------------------------------------164
Salgado v. CA, 189 SCRA 304-----------------------------------------------------------------165
Francisco v. CA, 313 Phil. 241 (1995) ------------------------------------------------------166
Moreno v. COMELEC, GR 168550, August 10, 2006------------------------------------167
Colinares v. CA, GR 182748, December 13, 2011---------------------------------------168

CIVIL LIABILITY (Arts. 100-113)


Subsidiary Liability
Basilio v. CA, GR 11343, March 17, 2000--------------------------------------------------170
PRBL v. Mangawang, 458 SCRA 684--------------------------------------------------------171
Persons civilly liable for felonies
Carpio v. Doroja, 180 SCRA 1----------------------------------------------------------------172
What civil liability includes
Heirs of Raymundo Castro v. Bustos, 27 SCRA 327-------------------------------------173
Extinction of Civil Liability
People v. Bayotas, 236 SCRA 239-----------------------------------------------------------174