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SIZING, SELECTION,

AND

INSTALLATION

OF

PRESSURE -RELIEVING DEVICES

IN

REFINERIES, PART I-SIZING

AND

SELECTION

39

3.5 RELIEVING PRESSURE 3.51 General 3.5.1 .l Relieving pressure, shown as Pt in the various sizing equations, is the inlet pressure of the pressure relief device at relieving conditions. The relieving pressure is the total of set pressure plus overpressure. The examples cited in this section for the determination of relieving pressure refer to pressure relief valves, however, they are also applicable to non-reclosing pressure relief devices. (See Figures 1 and 26 for pressure level relationships for these types of devices.) 3.5.1.2 The allowable overpressure is established from the accumulation permitted by the applicable code. The allowable overpressure may vary for different applications depending on the relationship of the set pressure to the maximum allowable working pressure of the vessel or system that is protected. Allowable overpressure is the same as allowable accumulation only when the set pressure is equal to the maximum allowable working pressure.
Note: The discussion in this section generally cites the ASME Code as the applicable code. Unless stated otherwise, citations refer only to Section VIII of the ASME Code. The designer should be aware of revisions to the ASME Code. If pertinent revisions occur, the discussion in this section should be adjusted accordingly by the designer. Adjustments may also be required by the designer if other (nonASME) codes apply.

ASME applications, the relieving pressure and maximum allowable accumulation is determined as described in paragraphs 3.5.2 through 3.5.3. In applications where these paragraphs do not apply, alternate accumulations are sometimes specified, as required by other Codes or the equipment manufacturer. 3.5.1.5 Table 1 summarizes the maximum accumulation and set pressure for pressure relief valves specified in accordance with the ASME Code. 3.5.2 Operating Contingencies 3.5.2.1 Single-Device Installation 3.5.2.1.1 In accordance with the requirements of the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, accumulated pressure shall be limited to 110% of the maximum allowable working pressure, MAWR, in vessels that are protected by a single pressure relief device sized for operating (nonfire) contingencies. The set pressure of the device shall not exceed the MAWR 3.5.2.1.2 Note that in accordance with the ASME Code, the allowable accumulation is 3 psi (21 kPa) when the MAWR is between 15 and 30 psig (103 and 207 kPag). 3.5.2.1.3 Table 2 shows an example determination of relieving pressure for a single device whose set pressure is less than or equal to the vessels MAWR 3.5.2.2 Multiple-Device Installation 3.5.2.2.1 A multiple-device installation requires the combined capacity of two or more pressure relief devices to alleviate a given overpressure contingency. 3.5.2.2.2 In accordance with the requirements of the ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, accumulated pressure

3.5.1.3 Sections 3.5.2 through 3.5.3 discuss methods of determining the relieving pressure for pressure relief valves in gas and vapor service. Standard atmospheric pressure (14.7 psia [101.4 kPaa]) is used for gauge/absolute pressure conversion in these sections. For design, barometric pressure corresponding to site elevation should be used. 3.5.1.4 Relieving pressure for pressure relief valves in liquid service is determined in a manner similar to that used for vapor service. In the case of liquid service valves used in

Table l-Set Pressure and Accumulation Limits for Pressure Relief Valves
Single-Valve Installations Maximum Set Pressure (percent) 100 Maximum Accumulated Pressure (percent) 110 Multiple-Valve Installations Maximum Set Pressure (percent) 100 105 Maximum Accumulated Pressure (percent) 116 116

Contingency Nonfire Cases First valve Additional valve(s) Fire Case First valve Additional valve(s) Supplemental valve

100

121

100 105 110

121 121 121

Note: All values are percentages of the maximum allowable working pressure.