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com: TIME Magazine ~ How the Moussaoui Case Crumbled Page 1 of5

Sunday, Oct. 19,2003

How the Moussaoui Case Crumbled
TIME in depth: A trial once described as a siam dunk is caught
in a post—9/11 legal wrangle

U.S. authorities easily nabbed Zacarias Moussaoui in the weeks before
9/11, but prosecuting the alleged terrorist has been far from smooth. Here
are the twists and turns in a case many thought would be open-and-shut:

When Zacarias Moussaoui was enrolled in flight school in Eagan, Minn.,
he could have easily looked up in the sky to see the kind of airplane he
wanted to fly. Along the approach to the Minneapolis-St. Paul airport, 747s
screamed overhead day and night. His flight instructor at Pan Am
International Flight Academy found Moussaoui genial but clueless and
totally unable to explain why he wanted to pilot a 747. The school's
administration called the fbi, and he was arrested nearby on Aug. 16, 2001.
When investigators interviewed the 3 3-year-old French Moroccan and
asked him whether he planned to use a plane for a terrorist attack, he either
did not answer or asked for a lawyer, according to different sources familiar
with the session. He was then held for overstaying his visit to the U.S.

Less than a month after he was locked up, 19 al-Qaeda operatives boarded
four commercial jetliners and turned them into aerial bombs, killing more
than 3,000 people in the worst terrorist attacks ever on U.S. soil. Within
days, investigators began piecing together intriguing parallels between
Moussaoui's actions and those of the hijackers. He had come to the U.S. to
attend flight school, just like the hijackers; he too had purchased knives; he
too possessed flight manuals for commercial jets. Three months to the day
after the attacks, Attorney General John Ashcroft proudly announced a
showstopping list of conspiracy charges against Moussaoui—who the
government strongly hinted was the missing 20th hijacker—calling the
indictment "a chronicle of evil." He was—and remains—the only person in
the U.S. charged in connection with 9/11.

Nearly two years later, the government's case, which had been billed as a
slam dunk, is a shambles. On Oct. 2, U.S. District Judge Leonie Brinkema
said prosecutors could not seek the death penalty for Moussaoui and could
not even allege that he had a link to the 9/11 conspiracy. She put those
shackles on the government's case because it had denied the defendant, on,8816,524419,00.html 10/26/03
FORWARD : News Page 1 of 4

JUNE 20, 2003 I current.issue I back, issues I subscribe I

Oil for Food Sales Seen As Iraq Tie To Al
U.S. Probes Bank Network

The hunt for Saddam Hussein's money could provide some clues to one of the claims made
by the Bush administration to justify its war in Iraq — the possible link between the former
Iraqi regime and the Al Qaeda terrorist group.

Two entities, a shadowy banking network linked by the administration to Al Qaeda and a
Saudi oil company close to the Taliban regime, were involved in buying oil from Saddam
Hussein under the United Nations' oil-for-food program, the Forward has learned.

The now-defunct program allowed Iraq to buy food and medicine with its oil proceeds
under U.N. supervision. Although the oil sales in question were legal and approved by the
U.N., several observers say the system involved kickbacks and was used by Saddam to buy
political support and to finance intelligence activities and even terrorist groups.

"It seems very plausible that some of the oil money went to terrorism financing," a
terrorism-financing expert closely monitoring Iraq said on condition of anonymity. "I
believe this actually happened."

Among Iraq's oil customers since 1997 is a Liechtenstein-based company called Galp
International Trading Establishment, a subsidiary of Portugal's main oil company, according
to a list of oil purchasers obtained by the Forward. The U.N. has not published the list.

The company chose as its legal representative in Liechtenstein — a tax haven known for
hosting thousands of shell companies — a company called Asat Trust, according to
Liechtenstein business records.

Asat Trust was designated by the United States and the U.N. as a financier of Al Qaeda
through its links to Al Taqwa, a cluster of financial entities spanning the globe from the
Bahamas to Italy and controlled by members of the Muslim Brotherhood.

The operation raises the possibility that Iraq quietly funneled money to Al Qaeda by
deliberately choosing an oil company working with one of the terrorist group's alleged
financial backers. 7/14/03
Mail:: INBOX: FW: On Iraq-Al Qaeda Connection Page 1 of 4

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Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2003 22:45:13 -0400
From: Philip Zeiikow <>^
To: "" <>^
Reply-to: "" <>4|
Subject: FW: On Iraq-Al Qaeda Connection

We should be able to check some of this out.


Original Message
From: Katsu Furukawa []
Sent: Monday, July 14, 2003 3:21 PM
Subject: On Iraq-Al Qaeda Connection

Standard Weekly

The Al Qaeda Connection, cont.
More reason to suspect that bin Laden and Saddam may have been in
by Stephen F. Hayes
07/11/2003 5:45:00 PM

THE INDISPENSABLE Glenn Reynolds has linked to an article in the
Tennessean written by a Tennessee judge who believes he is in possession
documents linking Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden.

The judge is Gilbert S. Merritt, a federal appeals court judge invited
help Iraqis construct a legal system in postwar Iraq. He is, according
Reynolds, "a lifelong Democrat and a man of unimpeachable integrity."

Here is an excerpt of his account:

The document shows that an Iraqi intelligence officer, Abid Al-Karim
Aswod, assigned to the Iraq embassy in Pakistan, is ''responsible for
coordination of activities with the Osama bin Laden group.''

The document shows that it was written over the signature of Uday Saddam
Hussein, the son of Saddam Hussein. The story of how the document came
is as follows.

Saddam gave Uday authority to control all press and media outlets in
Uday was the publisher of the Babylon Daily Political Newspaper.

On the front page of the paper's four-page edition for Nov. 14, 2002,
there 7/15/03 Page 1 of4

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AP: Terrorist Says 9/11 Plot Began in '96
AP Exclusive: 9/11 Mastermind Tells Investigators He First Discussed Plot With Bin
Laden in 1996

The Associated Press


Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, mastermind of the Sept. 11 attacks, has told American interrogators that he
first discussed the plot with Osama bin Laden in 1996 and that the original plan called for hijacking five
commercial jets on each U.S. coast before it was modified several times, according to interrogation
reports reviewed by The Associated Press.

Mohammed also divulged that, in its final stages, the hijacking plan called for as many as 22 terrorists
and four planes in a first wave, followed by a second wave of suicide hijackings that were to be aided
possibly by al-Qaida allies in southeast Asia, according to the reports.

Over time, bin Laden scrapped various parts of the Sept. 11 plan, including attacks on both coasts and
hijacking or bombing some planes in East Asia, Mohammed is quoted as saying in reports that shed new
light on the origins and evolution of the plot of Sept. 11, 2001.

Addressing one of the questions raised by congressional investigators in their Sept. 11 review,
Mohammed said he never heard of a Saudi man named Omar al-Bayoumi who provided some rent
money and assistance to two hijackers when they arrived in California.

Congressional investigators have suggested Bayoumi could have aided the hijackers or been a Saudi
intelligence agent, charges the Saudi government vehemently deny. The FBI has also cast doubt on the
congressional theory after extensive investigation and several interviews with al-Bayoumi.

In fact, Mohammed claims he did not arrange for anyone on U.S. soil to assist hijackers Khalid al-
Mihdhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi when they arrived in California. Mohammed said there "were no al-Qaida
operatives or facilitators in the United States to help al-Mihdhar or al-Hazmi settle in the United States,"
one of the reports state.

Mohammed portrays those two hijackers as central to the plot, and even more important than
Mohammed Atta, initially identified by Americans as the likely hijacking ringleader. Mohammed said
he communicated with al-Hazmi and al-Mihdhar while they were in the United States by using Internet
chat software, the reports states.

Mohammed said al-Hazmi and al-Mihdhar were among the four original operatives bin Laden assigned 9/22/03
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To: "" <>4f,"" <>^
Reply-to: "" <skaplan@9-11>4|
Subject: "DSM" Article in Post Tomorrow

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Dieter, et al: You should see this before tomorrow's Commission meeting. Mr. Eggen clearly
doesn't know how hard you are working. SLK

Who Aided Hijackers Is Still Mystery
FBI Disputes Findings Of Congressional Inquiry

By Dan Eggen
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, September 10, 2003; Page A01

Two years after al Qaeda terrorists slammed jetliners into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, FBI and
congressional investigators remain deeply divided over whether the 19 hijackers received help from other al Qaeda
operatives inside the United States and still are unable to answer some of the central questions in the case.

The uncertainties persist despite the largest FBI investigation in U.S. history -- which has included 180,000
interviews and 7,000 agents -- and raise the possibility that Americans will never know precisely how the conspirators were
able to pull off the most devastating terrorist attacks in U.S. history.

"We know quite a bit about the attacks," FBI counterterrorism chief Larry Mefford said last week.
"Unfortunately, we don't know everything."

Some of the doubts surround intriguing details: Investigators still have no firm grasp on why the
hijacker pilots booked layovers in Las Vegas during apparent practice runs on commercial airliners in 2001.
Authorities also have found no definitive explanation for why ringleader Mohamed Atta and another hijacker, Abdulaziz
Alomari, began their suicidal journey on Sept. 11, 2001, with a seemingly risky commuter flight from Portland, Maine, to
Boston -- coming within minutes of missing their flights out of both cities. And what exactly was discussed at a pivotal
meeting in Kuala Lumpur in January 2000, where investigators believe -- but cannot prove -- that the Sept. 11 plot was put in

But perhaps the biggest riddle -- one that has only become murkier in recent months — centers on the
support given to the hijackers while they were laying the groundwork for the attacks, and what that
suggests about a pre-existing network of operatives in the United States.

A recent congressional inquiry raises the possibility that al Qaeda supporters were in place in this
country to help the hijackers; were aware of at least some aspects of the plot; and may have been
supported by elements of another government, Saudi Arabia. If true, that could mean that domestic accomplices to
the attacks are still at large. 9/10/03

Davjd Aufhauser, left, Treasury Department general counsel, and Larry A. Meff ord, assistant director of the FBI's
i Division, testify about the growing WahhaM influence in terrorism in the United States.

Saudi Strain of Islam Faulted
y&U-Funded Wahhabism Embraced by Terrorists, Experts Say
IjlHN MlNTZ sahs [Islamic schools] that condemn that each year it prints 13 million Is-
ungton Post Staff Writer pluralism and mark nonbelievers as lamic books, dispatches 3,000 prose-
enemies ... It needs to be dealt rytizers, and founds 1,100 mosques,
ma rare congressional hearing on with." schools and centers.
§audi funding of extremism, two Wahhabism was founded in the Aufhauser also mentioned al-Ha-
U&rsenators and a panel of terror- 18th century by the cleric Muham- ramain, saying that after the recent
is® experts said yesterday that top mad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, who synchronized bombings of several
Saudi officials and institutions preached an austere brand of Islam residential compounds in Saudi Ara-
spe'nid huge sums from the king- that barkens to the prophet Moham- bia that killed 34 people, including
dom's oil wealth to promote an intol- med. Historians say the modern eight Americans, Saudi officials
ejfeftt school of Islam embraced by al Saudi state is led by an alliance of his dosed 10 of the charity's offices
Qa'dfla and other terrorist groups. followers, who handle the king- around the world. Al-Haramain's
QThe problem we are looking at dom's religious affairs, and the royal board of directors was purged, he
is the state-sponsored doc- Saud family. added, and "a significant number of
and funding of an extremist Saudi Embassy officials did not prominent fundraisers" were arrest-
that provides the recruit- respond to requests for comment ed
, support infrastructure yesterday evening. But in the past Saudi officials had dragged their
and monetary lifeblood to today's in- they and their defenders have said feet for months in cracking down on
ternational terrorists," said Sen. Jon critics of Wahhabism exhibit an anti- al-Haramain, in part because of its
K^f jR-Ariz.), who chaired the hear- Islamic bias and want to disrupt the influence in the highest circles of
$W the Senate Judiciary Commit- U.S.-Saudi alliance. Saudi officials Saudi society, U.S. officials said pri-
i panel. discourage the use of the term Wah- vately. But yesterday Aufhauser said
t administration officials habism to describe their religious that since the May 12 suicide bomb-
_,_ avoided suggesting that Saudi view, preferring the term Salafism. ings there, Saudi officials have
A$iSi|a, an important U.S. ally, is the Witnesses at the hearing did not worked closely with the United
AMfj's leading source of terrorist provide many details about the Sau- States to damp down on Islamic rad-
ftplmg, Treasury Department gen- di religious establishment's spend- icals.
eM%ounsel David Aufhauser testi- ing practices around the world—a Muslim convert Stephen
fieliDyesterday that "in many ways, problem confronted by Wahhab- Schwartz, author of The Two Faces
[Slftidi Arabia] is the epicenter" for ism's critics for years, in part be- of Islam," a book that warns of the
a2»fc—[cing Qf Osama bin Laden's cause of the Saudis' traditional se- spread of Wahhabism, said the Sau-
L network and other terror- crecy about their affairs. dis established and continue to fi-
Alex Atexiev, an expert on ex- nance hundreds of mosques and cen-
are not at war with a faith, tremist movements and a fellow at ters in this country, as well as some
any particular sect," Auf- the conservative Ceifter for Security of the nation's leading Muslim activ-
said. But he added that Is- Policy, cited figures in Saudi govean- ist organizations. They also control
'severe and uncompromising" ment reports showing that between the training and appointment of
movement "is a very im- 1975 and 2002, the government had many imams, he said.
it factor to be taken into ac- spent $70 billion on aid projects 'The Wahhabi presend» in the
when discussing terrorist fi- around the world. He said it was un- United States is a foreboding one
tw clear whether this included the large that has potentially harmful and far-
auser added that the Saudis' sums in private donations doled out reaching consequences for our na-
largely unmonitored spending to by Saudi-regulated foundations. tion's mosmies. srfinols nrisnns an/1
f*~*^' • #'• ' •'" •' • ' •
Lppeals Court > THE WASHINGTON Eosx

Rebuffs US. in
Moussaoui Case miisses U.S. Bi
Washington Post Staff Writer
rial Interview
A federal appeals court yesterday dismissed the* appeal June 3. *»
government's appeal of a ruling that would allow The case has become a major
alleged Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui test of the constitutional rightl ofc
to interview a senior al Qaeda operative, setting defendants to question witne^i^
up a possible confrontation between the executive on their behalf versus the govqJV
and judicial branches. ••'v ment's right to make key nation**!
The opinion by the U.S. security decisions. The court*ae-J
Court of Appeals for the 4th knowledged the high stakes itfe'
Circuit did not address the the first sentence of yesterdjy%
overriding constitutional is- 15-page opinion, authored by wt«*
sue of whether Moussaoui's kins, saying that "this appeal is-
right to interview witnesses one of extraordinary impor-
who could help his defense tance."
outweighs the government's Yet the judges said they had to
national security concerns. leave the constitutional issues?to-
Rather, the decision was resolved because they lacked^%«
based on jurisdictional risdiction to even hear the'ap-*
grounds, with the members Moussaou! faces Peal- •*'„-•«
of a three-judge panel saying the death penalty if, Brinkema's decision would, MS,
they were "compelled to con- he is convicted. "- come "final"—and therefore SUD-*
clude that we are without au-
V»UUV, (.J.AU1, T*\ C U V VYltliUUl> ttU"
ject to appeal—only if "the jjjev?
thorny" to rule because the government was pjer ras captured in eminent refused to comply ajjtf*
mature in making its appeal. , .- ng held at an the district court orders a s^Tc-^
Still, the decision will have a major effect ontte. an. U.S. officials tion," the judges said. "Despite
prosecution of Moussaoui, the only person would not make indications that it will refuse 4o<
^uu* &v.u in the
me United
oiiii,cu States
omi.cs in connection ^tto
WUU eposition. provide the enemy comba&ti
the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, and cases against^ witness under any circumstanc-
ture terrorism suspects. Experts and sourish ior levels, es," the judges said,, the govern?,
close to the case said the Richmond-based appeals icutors in Alex- ment has not formally told Brin-;
court essentially gave the government twp *vj£ to comment on kema that.
tions: defy the order of a federal judge and suffQ- rt decision. Jus- The judges said they would(qjx-
\ ':'/J_E-*V._-'

it spokeswoman pedite any further appeal. ^,
See HpUSSAOUI.XljO. Col. 4 _Ki' »ck said that the Moussaoui's court-appointed
'pleased that the lawyers had argued that the coij^tf
L ognized" the ex- lacked jurisdiction, and t
ortance of the ap- them, Edward B. MacMah
peal biiVthat "the court has not and Frank W. Dunham Jr., s
victed. yet ruled on the merits of the is- statement that they
Government officials reiterated "pleased that the court
yesterday that they will never sue—access to an alien seized
abroad as an enemy combatant in our'argument."
turn over Binalshibh. "I guess you "There is nothing for
go back to the judge and say, the midst of a war."
She said government lawyers fense to do at this point,"
'Okay, judge, we aren't comply- ham said in an interview,
ing. What are you going to do?'" are studying the procedural is-
sues raised by the court. "We look ball is clearly in the j
one government official said. The court."
judge would then punish prosecu- forward to bringing Zacarias
Moussaoui to justice," she said. Mark Hulkower, a former^
tors for defying her order. Ex- eral prosecutor in Alex
perts and those close to the case The 4th Circuit initially sent
the case back to Brinkema to see who has handled national;
said those sanctions could include ty matters, said the decision'
making Moussaoui ineligible for whether the prosecution and de-
the death penalty or dismissing fense could work out a compro- ply delays the inevitable, whi
mise. After that effort failed, the a return to the 4th Circuit.
the charges altogether. 4th Circuit gave them a road jy
Some government officials cau- three judges—William W. Wil-
kins Jr., Karen Williams and Rog- as to how to get back, and I d§
tioned that they have not made a see any reason why they wptu"
final decision about what to do er Gregory—heard oral argu-
ments on the government's follow it Given what the j
next and said that call would be eminent has said about the'
consequences for national securir
ty, they can't reverse field $$&
turn over the witness. They h'ave
to advise Brinkema of that, niai,
they will defy any such orden^he
will then have '' ' -'•
In Alleged S DC MO VA

Washington Post Staff Writers

' Federal prosecutors yesterday an-
nounced ~ indictments against 11
members of what they called a "Vir-
,-ginia jihad network" who are
charged with training to work with
terrorists to fight for Muslim causes
in foreign nations.
*;•*_* The 42-count indictment, re-
turned by a grand jury Wednesday
and unsealed yesterday in U.S. Dis-
. trict Court in Alexandria, charges
that the men trained with and fought
" for Lashkar-i-Taiba, a group that is
trying to drive India from Kashmir
. and has been named a terrorist orga-
nization by the U.S. government
t Federal agents arrested six of the
. men yesterday in raids in the Wash- BY RICH LJPSKI—THE WASHINGTON POST
• ington suburbs and in Pennsylvania. n Capitol Hill, American citizens allegedly met, platted and recruited for
,lfro were in custody as part of the fluttyr shown xMtouncnts the nnHctn0irts MBI oojHrty AHCC Ffsltof.
investigation that began in 2000,
and three are living in Saudi Arabia.
The men—including nine U.SJ titi-
Z^HS—face weapons counts and
charges of violating the Neutrality
^i Terrorism Charges

Acjt, which
/M;L, wiuui bars
ucuw> Americans
**». or
_ U.S. Ing an interview Thursday. He Specifically, the men are accused
residents from attacking countries pissed the discovery of pistols of practicing small-unit military tac-
«f!tVi uitiirh
with which the United States is at tics on private property in Spot-
;peace. ft |p members as insignificant
"Right now in this community, 10 twh, gosh, they have weapons," games, weapons and equipment to
mues from Capitol Hfll,
iruui X^OIHIUI **ui, American
»„.. Royer, a former spokesman for simulate actual combat "in prep-
citizens allegedly met, plotted and [Organizations as the Council on aration for violent jihad," the in-
recruited for violent jihad," said Paul dean-Islamic Relations and the dictment says.
J." McNutty, the U.S. attorney in Al- im American Society. "I reaDy Nubani dismissed the allegations
exandria. "These indictments are a It the idea that a Muslim with a involving paintbau, an increasingly
stark reminder that terrorists of var- fhe's a threat A Jew with & popular game in which people shoot
ious allegiances are active in the [•he's not a threat*—~~~ each other with quarter-size balls
United States." orneys' and spokesmen for filled with colored liquid. The men
. There is no evidence that the men 'of the others arrested yester- were involved in innocent "sport ac-
lid the men are being targeted tivity,'' such as "horseback riding
'See INDICT,AW, Col. 1 Be they are Muslims. Three of and outdoor activities including
arrested had planned a news paintbaU," Nubani said. He said
ence yesterday to complain of some of the men did go to Kashmir, a.
The Post on the Internet: arassment. Attorney Ashraf Himalayan region claimed by India
1 i and fathers of two of the men and Pakistan.
ed instead to insist that the One of Nubani's clients, Ahmed
id done nothing wrong. Abu-Ali, was taken into custody by
{Lyon, the father of Hammad Saudi Arabian authorities on suspi-
Raheem, who was arrested cion that he is connected to the
ay, angrily told reporters that May 12 bombings in Riyadh, His
had served in the Persian family's home in Falls Church was
IT and "is a loyal citizen to recently searched by the FBI as part
atry, the same as I am." of the local investigation, Nubani
indictment says the men said. U.S. officials have made in-
it private and military fire- formal requests to the Saudi govern-
ties in Northern Virginia to ment for access to Abu-Ali but have
for missions in Kashmir, received no response.
_j, the Philippines and other The men also are accused of gath-
places. Three of the men—Abdur- ering at the Dar el Arkum mosque
the investigation. "A lot of this is Raheem, Donald Thomas Surratt on South Washington Street in Falls
about preemption." and SeintUah Chapman—are ac- Church "to hear lectures on the
One of those charged, Randall cused of instructing the men in com- righteousness of violent jihad in
Todd Royer, arrested yesterday at bat tactics baaed on (heir own expe- Kashmir, Chechnya and other places
his home in fells Church, charac- riences in the U.S.
indictment says.
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Date: Wed, 2 Jul 2003 13:50:01 -0400
From: "" <>4|
To: "" <team1>#,"" <>4P,"" <>
9,"" <>4P'
Subject: From today's WSJ: How Police Turned Bali Blast Into Win In War on Terroristm

Counterstrike: How Police Turned Bali Blast Into Win In War on Terrorism
Indonesian-Australian Team Went High- and Low-Tech To Largely Hobble Network
Laughing Man's Phone List

By Leslie Lopez and John McBeth
2,306 words
2 July 2003
The Wall Street Journal
(Copyright (c) 2003, Dow Jones & Company, Inc.)

DENPASAR, Indonesia -- One of Indonesia's top detectives was deeply troubled
last November as he scaled the staircase to Bali's biggest Hindu temple to
implore the gods.

Three weeks earlier, Muslim militants had detonated two bombs on the resort
island's nightclub strip, reducing an entire city block to smoking rubble and
killing 202 people, 80 of them Australian tourists. It was the biggest
terrorist strike since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the U.S., and the police
were feeling the heat.

The detective tasked to lead a joint Indonesian and Australian investigation
into the blast, I Made Pastika, was making little progress. While his
lieutenants sifted through debris from the bombing site, Mr. Pastika, a soft-
spoken 52-year-old Hindu who grew up in Bali, went to pray for a
breakthrough. "I had a feeling we were missing something," he says.

After an hour of meditation, Mr. Pastika received an urgent call from a
colleague: His team had identified the serial number of the engine in the truck
used to carry a one-ton bomb. "I don't know how we missed it before," he says.

Two days later, he arrested his first suspect, an Indonesian man named Amrozi.
The big break led to more than just the uncovering of the Bali bomb plot. It
also helped police largely hobble Southeast Asia's most deadly terrorist group.
And it propelled Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim nation, from what
the U.S. saw as the region's weakest link in the war on terror to a valued

This transformation over a matter of weeks came about partly because
Indonesia's political leaders set aside their traditionally strong sense of
nationalism to allow ordinary policemen to go about their work. And those

http://kinesis. ?index=750 7/2/03
' Mail:: INBOX: Kashmiri Arrests Here Raise Spectre of New Terror Front Page 1 of 4

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Date: Thu, 10 Jul 2003 14:01:45 -0400
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Subject: Kashmiri Arrests Here Raise Spectre of New Terror Front

SH 2 unnamed text/html 17.95 KB B

July 9, 2003 - 6:48 p.m.

Kashmiri Arrests Here Raise Spectre of New Terror Front
By Anjali Cordeiro, Special to CQ Homeland Security

The indictment of eleven men in Virginia last week on charges of supporting a Pakistan-based group fighting to push
India out of Kashmir raises the prospect of a new terrorist threat in the United States.

According to the indictment, the eleven men allegedly supported a radical Islamic group called the
"Army of the Pure" — Lashkar-e-Taiba in the local language — which was labeled as a terrorist
organization by the State Department in October 2001.

In another incident, last month, a Kashmiri-born truck driver from Ohio pleaded guilty to providing material
support and resources to al Qaeda. lyman Paris allegedly was involved in an al Qaeda plot to sabotage the Brooklyn Bridge.

Until now, however, no Kashmir militants were suspected of operating in tandem with Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda
organization inside the United States.

The former head of counterterrorism for India's foreign intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis
Wing, or RAW, said in an e-mail interview that the LT, as the group is commonly referred to, and
groups like it, have had a clandestine presence in the United States since the 1990s.

"They have been focusing on cultivating members of the Pakistani immigrant community and Afro-
Asian Muslims," said B. Raman (who, like many Indians, uses only one name).

India and Pakistan have been struggling over control of Kashmir since the two countries were separated in 1947.

Money Hunt

Harry B. "Skip" Brandon, a former deputy assistant director of the FBI for counterintelligence, says
that Kashmiri militants here traditionally concentrated on raising funds for the fight back home.

"There is no question that there have been very active supporters of the Kashmir freedom movement in the
United States," Brandon said in an interview Wednesday.

"Since the eighties, there have been people who have raised funds for the freedom of Kashmir. Their
activities at that time were not in direct violation of U.S. laws. There was periodic close coordination [between the FBI and]
authorities in India, but there was nothing that could be legally done."

After the Sept. 11 attacks, when many of the groups operating in Kashmir were designated as terrorist groups
by the State Department, raising money or providing other material support for them became illegal. 7/11/03
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From: "" <>4P'
To: Lisa Sullivan <>4P
Cc: "" <>4f,"" <team1>4P
Subject: Re: Kashmiri Arrests Here Raise Spectre of New Terror Front
Lashkar-e-Taiba is an especially aggressive and vicious group. It has
participated in numerous, often sizeable attacks on Indian forces in Kashmir.
I believe that it also is involved in some of the anti-Christian attacks in
Pakistan as well as attacks on Pakistani Shia. The Pakistani safehouse where
Abu Zubaydah was captured reportedly belonged to Lashkar. Ties to Al Qaeda
would be no surprise. 7/11/03
Mail:: INBOX: A bit more on Lashkar-e-Taiba Page 1 of 1

60.97MB / 476.84MB (12.79%)
Date: Thu, 10 Jul 2003 16:05:58 -0400
From: "" <>4f
To: Lisa Sullivan <>#
Cc: "" <>^,"" <team1>4P
Subject: A bit more on Lashkar-e-Taiba

Lashkar is the latest name for a group that has gone through several labels.
Among the delightful actions it committed under its previous name, Harikat al
Ansar, was the kidnapping and ultimate beheading of Western hikers captured in
Kashmir. Also confirmed that some of its personnel trained with al Qaeda in
Afghanistan. Of all the Kashmiri Islamist groups, Lashkar is the most violent
(no easy title to win in that crowd) 7/11/03
Mail:: INBOX: Fwd: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part one CSM 6-17-03 Page 1 of 5

33.97MB / 476.84MB (7.12%)
Date: Tue, 17 Jun 2003 10:33:01-0400
To: "" <team1>^P
Subject: Fwd: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part one CSM 6-17-03
Part(s): |^ 2 unnamed message/rfc822 12.41 KB |f|

see attached

Matthew A. Levitt
Senior Fellow in Terrorism Studies
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
1828 L Street, NW Suite 1050
Washington, DC 20036
Tel. 202-452-0650
Fax 202-223-5364

(f) 2.1 unnamed text/plain 12.08 KB 3

from the June 17, 2003 edition -

How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part one
Nightclub bombings grew out of a network forged by marriage, training,
and aid
By Dan Murphy | Special to The Christian Science Monitor

CIJAMBU, INDONESIA - Mira Agustina was surprised to get the call at the
Islamic boarding school where she had been cloistered since she turned
18. "Come home,'' her father said."There's someone who wants to marry
you. "

Ms. Agustina slipped on the black, tentlike dress her father, Haris
Fadillah, had taught her to wear in public; packed a small bag; and left
on the 12-hour bus ride to Cijambu, West Java. Arriving early the next
morning, she was introduced to Mohammed Assegof, a young man with Arab
features. Ms. Agustina, then 21, married him that day.

Mr. Fadillah never explained why he was uniting his daughter to this
stranger. But "my father must have trusted my husband completely,''
Agustina said in an April interview, as she played with her toddler in
the sparsely furnished family home here. "Otherwise, he wouldn't have
allowed him to marry me."

US and Indonesian investigators agree. Her marriage in July 1999, they
say, helped cement an alliance between Indonesian militants and Al Qaeda
that culminated in the October 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202
people, most of them foreign tourists dancing at a nightclub.

The trials of two of the men implicated in those bombings got under way
last month in Bali. A third - of Mukhlas, the man alleged to be the
operations chief of the terror group Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) - began
Monday. 6/17/03
Mail:: Press Clips: Fwd: HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part two Page 1 of 5

41.72MB / 476.84MB (8.75%)
Date: Wed, 18 Jun 2003 10:06:20 -0400
From: MATT LEVITT <>4|
To: "" <team1>#
Subject: Fwd: HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part two
Part(s): |^ 2 unnamed message/rfc822 12.26 KB gjj

this is part II of the piece I sent yesterday

Matthew A. Levitt
Senior Fellow in Terrorism Studies
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
1828 L Street, NW Suite 1050
Washington, DC 20036
Tel. 202-452-0650
Fax 202-223-5364

(Q 2.1 unnamed text/plain 11.93 KB @

Copyright 2003 The Christian Science Publishing Society
Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA)

June 18, 2003, Wednesday


LENGTH: 1911 words

HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part two

BYLINE: By Dan Murphy Special to the Christian Science Monitor


Religious-teaching sessions that included films of Christian-Muslim
conflict in Indonesia energized young men to join in jihad.

The images from the hand-held camera jiggle as they zero in on a column
of irregulars shouldering homemade rifles and dressed in T-shirts and
sandals. They're marching off to wage jihad against Christians,
according to the caption on the screen.

As they file past the low terra-cotta roofs and whitewashed walls of
Siri Sori village and into the surrounding banana and coconut groves,
the camera focuses on a smiling man in a black T-shirt. As he turns and
waves, a new caption identifies him as "the martyr Abu Dzar" - killed in
action against Christians on Oct. 23, 2000.

Abu Dzar was the nom de guerre of Haris Fadillah, leader of the Laskar
Mujahidin, a militia group that cranked up the violence in the
Muslim-Christian war that erupted in Indonesia's Maluku provinces in
1999 and inspired a generation of Indonesian militants. 6/23/03
Mail:: INBOX: Fwd: HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part three Page 1 of 7

41.64MB / 476.84MB (8.73%)
Date: Thu, 19 Jun 2003 12:20:53 -0400
From: MATT LEVITT <>4l
To: "" <team1>4f
Subject: Fwd: HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part three
Part(s): [^ 2 unnamed message/rfc822 14.69 KB @

part three of this series

Matthew A. Levitt
Senior Fellow in Terrorism Studies
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
1828 L Street, NW Suite 1050
Washington, DC 20036
Tel. 202-452-0650
Fax 202-223-5364

(H 2.1 unnamed text/plain 14.36 KB @

Copyright 2003 The Christian Science Publishing Society
Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA)

June 19, 2003, Thursday


LENGTH: 2323 words

HEADLINE: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse: Part three

BYLINE: By Dan Murphy Special to The Christian Science Monitor


A bomber tries to realize his vision of a global Muslim uprising

Imam Samudra may well be the most hate-filled and defiant of the men on
trial for last year's terror attack in Bali.

On June 2, as he entered court to face charges that he was the field
commander for the bombing that claimed 202 lives at two nightclubs, Mr.
Samudra pumped his fist into the air and exhorted his lawyers to join
him in chanting "God is great."

He has told journalists he was gladdened by the deaths, informed
interrogators that God will reward the attackers, and described a decade
of plotting that led to the most devastating terrorist act since
September 11.

He has also confessed without remorse to participating in six fatal

Samudra is a "true believer" - a member of that tiny minority in any

http://kinesis.swishmaiLcorn/webmail/imp/message.php?actionID=148&mailbox=INBOX&b... 6/23/03
Mail:: INBOX: "Democrats Express Concerns About Sept. 11 Report Declassification D... Page 1 of 2

33.16MB/476.84MB (6.95%)
Date: Fri, 13 Jun 2003 17:45:48 -0400
From: Lisa Sullivan <lsullivan@ 9-11>4P
To: "" <>4P
Subject: "Democrats Express Concerns About Sept. 11 Report Declassification Delays"

<H 2 unnamed text/html 7.91 KB U

June 9, 2003 - 8:24 p.m.

Democrats Express Concerns About Sept. 11 Report
Declassification Delays
By Helen Fessenden, CQ Staff

Democrats are starting to worry that the long-awaited release of the declassified findings of last year's
joint congressional inquiry into the Sept. 11 attacks will be further delayed.

Eleanor Hill, the inquiry panel's staff director, said Monday that the declassified sections of the report
probably would be released in late June, not mid-June as some lawmakers had anticipated.

Florida Democrat Bob Graham, who chaired the Senate Intelligence Committee last year while the
probe was under way, expressed concern on Monday that the report's release was months overdue.

"Both Hill and I know that there are significant parts of the report that remain classified, and we both
think it's excessive in terms of legitimate national security concerns," said Graham.

Cover-Up Allegations

In May, Graham, a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, charged that the White
House and CIA had engaged in a "cover-up" to block the Sept. 11 report.

In December, the intelligence committees finished its 10-month joint inquiry into the intelligence
failures preceding the terrorist attacks. The 850-page summary of its findings was then handed over to
Bush administration intelligence officials for vetting.

Since then, many current and former members of the House and Senate Intelligence committees, which
jointly conducted the probe, have said that the CIA has dragged its feet on releasing the report.

In mid-May, the top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee, Jane Harman of California, also
criticized the pace of declassification but said she expected the report's non-sensitive sections would be
published by mid-June.

Hill expressed optimism Monday that the declassification negotiations were nearing completion. She
said that the CIA sent its final comments to her staff on May 29, however, she added that both parties
continue to dispute what can be released.

"The good news is that we're making progress, but we're not quite there yet," Hill said. "I'm seeing
more light at the end of the tunnel. Still, this isn't a process where we can predict when it will be over." 6/16/03
Mail:: INBOX: FYI - From CQ online Page 1 of 1

33.16MB / 476.84MB (6.95%)
Date: Fri, 13 Jun 2003 17:47:37 -0400
From: Lisa Sullivan <>^
To: "" <team1>4F
Subject: FYI - From CQ online

U 2 unnamed text/html 4.33 KB g

Latest News

'Hundreds' in United States Believed Tied to al Qaeda, United Nations Told

Federal investigators have discovered a widespread militant Islamic presence in the United States and believe
several hundred of the extremists have links to al Qaeda, the government said in a report to the United
Nations Security Council. "We judge the greatest threat to be an al Qaeda cell in the United States that has
not yet been detected or identified," the report said. "Identifying and neutralizing these sleeper cells remains
our most serious intelligence and law enforcement challenge."The report, submitted in April to a Security
Council committee established in 1999 to monitor sanctions against the Taliban regime and Osama bin
Laden, was released publicly June 9. The United States also warned that al Qaeda remains capable of causing
"significant casualties in the United States" with little or no warning. "We judge that there is a high
probability that al Qaeda will attempt an attack using a [chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear] weapon
within the next two years," the report said. — Chris Logan 6/16/03
Mail:: INBOX: FYI: Interview with Brill - author of "After" Page 1 of 3

31.92MB / 476.84MB (6.69%)
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 2003 09:15:33 -0400
From: Lisa Sullivan <lsullivan@ 9-11>4f
To: "" <>^
Subject: FYI: Interview with Brill - author of "After"

H 2 unnamed text/html 18.09 KB g

June 11, 2003 - 8:29 p.m.

The CQ/HLS Interview: 10 Questions for 'After' Author Steven Brill
By David Clarke, CQ Staff Writer

In "After: How America Confronted the September 12 Era," journalist Steven Brill paints a portrait of
a country whose citizens, politicians, bureaucrats and interest groups, in the months following the Sept.
11 terrorist attacks, struggled to make America safe from terrorism while closely guarding their own
best interests.

The picture is not always pretty.

But Brill ultimately concludes that these colliding forces created a response that — for the most part —
works and proves the resiliency of what he calls the "American system."

A lawyer and founder of The American Lawyer magazine, Court TV and Brill's Content, Brill, 52, tells
the tale of post-Sept. 11 America through the experiences of people immediately affected by the
attacks, among them Eileen Simon, the widow of an energy trader at Cantor Fitzgerald; Robert
Lindemann, a border inspector in Detroit; Charles E. Schumer, the New York Democratic senator; and
John Ashcroft, the U.S. attorney general.

The book, published in April, covers the year following the attacks. It includes an epilogue written in
January 2003.

On Tuesday afternoon, Brill got on the phone in his office in Manhattan's Rockefeller Center and talked to CQ
Homeland Security about his book and about America 21 months after Sept. 11.

CQ: How did you go about choosing the people whose experiences you used to tell your story?

Brill: I wanted to make sure I had a representative of all the issues I wanted to cover. This sounds kind of cynical, but I
viewed these people as vehicles for discussing issues. Some of them are obvious, like Ashcroft and Ridge, but a Customs
inspector, Kevin McCabe, who's an inspector at the port in Elizabeth, N.J., and is a major character in the book, I chose him
because I wanted to make sure the book was not simply a Washington policy book but covered the ground from Washington
to the actual places where policy changes were actually carried out and see if they worked. What I was going for was a
combination of Bob Woodward and Jonathan Harr [who wrote "A Civil Action"].

CQ: One of the most interesting people you follow is Kenneth Feinberg, special master of the Victim Compensation Fund.
You portray him as being very capable of handling the legal and technical aspects of setting up and administering the fund
but lacking sensitivity when it comes to dealing with the families, which led to some hard feelings. What do you think the
legacy of his work will be?

Brill: I think it's going to be a success. In fact, I know it's going to be a success because I know what the numbers are. I
think you'll see an avalanche of the remaining applications between now and the deadline [Dec. 22, 2003]. But in Feinberg I 6/12/03

sizes Bush's Security
imminently.'' down -anyone. Every day, 500 to frus
U.S. borders, homeland 1,000 pieces of threat information Wh
is suffering from "policy crossed his desk. The typical mix in- CUSi

Nothing gets done," cluded suspicious surveillance at a min
Rand Beers, a counterterrorisnt advh
"Fixing an agency man- U.S. embassy, surveillance of a nu- clos
the focus on (raojus hurt domestic • problem doesn't make clear power plant or a bridge; a per- ' is at
or produce voter support, son caught by airport security with a wha
're looking at things from a weapon, or an airplane flying too prov
Former Ai perspective, if s easier to go
Immigration and Naturaliza-
close to the CIA; a tanker truck,
which might contain a bomb, cross-
ing the border and heading for a city,
If s i
Takes Ai vService, he said, needs further
Kanization. The Homeland Secu-
jDepartment is underfunded.
an intercepted phone call between
suspected terrorists. Most of the
topsecret reports—pumped into his

War on Ti ; has been little, if any, Mow-
gh on cybersecurity, port secu-
ifrastructure protection and im-
office from the White House Situa-
tion Room—didn't pan out Often
they came from a disgruntled em-
By LAUBA BLUMENFELD tion management. Authorities ployee or a spouse. cided
Washington Post Staff Writer know where the sleeper cells When the chemical agent rich house
_ e said. Vulnerable segments of surfaced in the London subway, "we counti
Five days before teganinlraq,as
onomy, such as the chemical in- were worried it might manifest at the
President Bush * rale the terror- '• "«y out for protection." here," he said. The challenge was: openec
ism threat level l. T*. tnn ™V' •» are asking our firemen, po- "Who do we alert? How do you tell notN(
House ISE
n, Customs and Coast Guard them to organize?" bottle.
the steel his ar more with far less thaibwe Every time the government raises Youcai
vault an alarm, it costs time and money. Shot
binati^tlockandan i, the CIA has done a good job "There's less filtering now because theKei
turned to his inbox. eting the al Qaeda leadership. people don't want to make the mis- conside
"Things were j>mestically,
said Rand Beerlr-^ is one of talk, the antiterrorism take of not warning," he said. Before demick
calling the stack ol reports afeui ical policy. Whatnotelseaction: "a Sept 11,2001, the office met three felt so 5
plots to shoot, r, burn and poison Ametv We don't care about 3,000 can you times a week to discuss intelligence. my life"
icans. He the color-coded thf^a^t j dying in New York City and Now, twice a day, at 7ajn. and
for five he called his wifet Put ngton?" 3 p.m., it holds "threat matrix meet-
ings," tracking the threats on CIA
Beers's resignation surprised Washing! :n asked about Beers, Sean spreadsheets.
ton, but what he did next was even more; ai- mack, an NSC spokesman, It was Beers's task to evaluate the
tounding. Eight weeksafter leaving the Busji M the time he submitted his warnings and to act on them. It's a
White House, he volunteered as national se-' ition, he said he had decided monstrous responsibility,'' said Wil-
curity adviser for Sen. John F. Kerry (Mass.), re government We thanked liam Wechsler, director for transna-
a Democratic candidate for president in a tional threats on Clinton's NSC staff.
campaign to oust his former boss. All of ervice. "You sit around every day, thinking
which points to a question: What does this Lment .,further.• j • -j iU about how people want to kill thou-
sands of Americans."
intelligence insider know? *ever it was viewed made the
"The administration wasn't matching ita ' ' onlookers saw it as a Steven Simon, director for coun-
deeds to its words in the war on terrorism. event "I can't think terterrorism in the Clinton White
They're making us less secure, not more J®f hi the last 30 House, said, "When we read a piece
a person who has done of intelligence, we'd apply the old
See BEERS, A6, Col. 1 *»:'""* jhing so extreme," said Paul C. how-straight-does-your-hair-stand-
,••_,'• . a scholar with the Brookings up-on-your-head test"
' ' Causes ol terror, ne said. ' 1 Tlnstifution. "He's not just declaring The government's first counterter-
cult, long-term issues both at home that he's a Democrat. He's declaring rorism czar, Richard Clarke, who left
'and abroad have been avoided, ne- that he's a Kerry Democrat and the his White House job in February after
;gfected or shortchanged and gener- way he wants to make a difference in more than 10 years, said officials
ally underfunded." the world is to get his former boss judged the human intelligence based
The focus on Iraq has robbed do- out of office." on two factors: Would the source
mestic security of manpower, brain- Although Beers has worked in have access to the information? How'
pdwer and money, he said. The Iraq three Republican administrations, reliable was his previous reporting?
war created fissures in the United he is a registered Democrat He They scored access to information,
States' counter-terrorism alliances, wanted to leave the NSC quietly, so 12345; previous reporting, abed. "A
_ he said, and could breed a new gen- when he resigned, he said it was for score of D5, you don't beHeve. AI—
i of alQaeda recruits. Many of "personal reasons." His friends you do," Clarke said. "It's like a jolt of
\t colleagues, he said, called, worried: "Are you sick?" espresso, and 'you feel like—
Iraq was an "ill-conceived When Beers joined the White whoop—it pumps you up, and wakes
executed strategy." House counterterrorism team last you up."
[continue to be puzzled by it" August the unit had suffered several It's easier to raise the threat lev-,
(Beers, who did not oppose the abrupt departures. People had el—from code yeflow to code orange,
jhbut thought it should have been warned him the job was impossible, for example—tiian to lower it Beers
but Beers was upbeat On Reagan's said: "It's easier to see the increase ins
f Officials say that Jemaah Islamiyah is allied to bin Laden's Al Qaeda network and that its aim is to
declare a pan-Islamic state across southeast Asia.

Mukhlas was among four key suspects in last year's Bali bombings to testify Wednesday at
Bashir's trial.

Bashir, 64, is not accused of the Bali bombings. He is on trial for allegedly plotting to overthrow
Indonesia's government and is accused of ordering a series of church bombings in 2000 that
killed 19 people.

If convicted, he could face the death penalty.

Bashir flatly denied involvement with Jemaah Islamiyah. His supporters in court repeatedly
interrupted proceedings with cries of "Allah is great!"

7) Morocco Indicts 6 More Suspects in Casablanca Blasts; Investigators are concerned
about the setbacks dealt by the death of a key detainee.

By Sebastian Rotella
Los Angeles Times

Moroccan authorities announced the indictments of six more suspects Thursday in this month's
suicide bombings in Casablanca, a case that has taken an unexpected twist with the death in
custody of a chief suspect.

Authorities provided new details about the dead man, who allegedly organized the synchronized
attacks that killed 43 people on May 16. The suspect, a 30-year-old who owned a small shoe
store in the city of Fez, had been ill with chronic heart problems and a severely enlarged liver
caused by medication, officials said.

An autopsy established that he died of natural causes Wednesday after being arrested two days
earlier in Fez, according to Moroccan and Spanish officials. His condition worsened during an
interrogation and he died en route to the hospital, authorities said.

"He was gravely ill when he was arrested," Shakib Larousi, a Moroccan government spokesman,
said in a telephone interview. "The prosecutors found no indications that he had been physically

Moroccan officials reiterated their suspicions Thursday that international terrorists played a
supervisory role in the attacks, which were carried out by Moroccan extremists. European
investigators said the investigation has reinforced their view that the Al Qaeda terrorist network
inspired and directed the bombers, who were working-class men in their late teens and early 20s.

Nonetheless, the alleged organizer's death contributes to unanswered questions about a case in
which Moroccan police are being assisted by investigators from Spain, France, Italy, the United
States and other countries. Spanish, French and Italian citizens were among those killed, but
most of the victims were Moroccan.

Saying they wanted to keep the investigation confidential, Moroccan officials declined to disclose
the full name of the alleged ringleader Thursday. They identified him only by his first name,
Abdelhak, and his nickname, Moul Sebbat, which means "shoe seller."

European investigators expressed concern Thursday about complications arising from the death
of Abdelhak, who as a suspected leader would have been key to uncovering the Moroccan
Mail:: INBOX: Press Clips for June 3, 2003 Page 3 of 21

also received a report that a firearm was used ... I hope this commission
investigates and credibly determines whether the public was deceived."

3) In Moroccan Slum, Zealotry Took Root; Bombers Linked to Al Qaeda Worked Under Radar of

By Peter Finn
Washington Post

CASABLANCA, Morocco -- By 4:30 p.m. on May 16, five hours before they were scheduled to die in
synchronized bombings, the 14 men had assembled in a cinderblock shack with a corrugated tin roof held down
by rocks. Most of the volunteers, between the ages of 21 and 32, already knew each other, having grown up
together in the surrounding garbage-strewn slum of lean-tos linked by dirt alleyways.

At first they prayed, Moroccan government investigators said, exercising the fierce faith that most had only
recently found. And then Mohamed Omari, 24, a parking lot attendant, laid out the plan in slow detail. Five
teams, Omari said, would disperse to five targets in the city and detonate explosives carried in backpacks at
exactly 9:30 p.m. Each man was handed a new Casio watch to ensure simultaneous blasts.

The men who gathered in the slum known as Carriere Thomas that afternoon knew that this was to be the day
of their deaths. But none, until then, had known the dimensions of the attack, according to senior Moroccan
officials who have interrogated two survivors from the group, including Omari, as well as other accomplices.

As dusk fell, they prayed again. Then, between 8 and 8:30 p.m., the teams left one by one to make the trip
downtown in the little red taxis found almost everywhere in this port city. They headed for a lively Spanish
restaurant, a Jewish-owned Italian restaurant, a Jewish social club and the Jewish cemetery. Omari's group,
destined for the Farah Hotel, was the last to leave.

The targets, Moroccan officials said, were either connected to Jews or were so-called places of "debauchery."

Then the bombs went off, one after the other. The attackers killed 32 people at the five locations. Eleven
bombers also died. Three of the conspirators, including Omari, apparently changed their minds at the last

The Casablanca attacks, Moroccan officials said, were the work of Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda network,
months in the making and ordered by Abu Musab Zarqawi, a Jordanian who obtained between $50,000 and
$70,000 from the organization's leadership to finance the strikes.

Zarqawi is the head of al Tawhid, a group that intelligence analysts previously thought was only allied with al
Qaeda, but which increasingly appears to them to be indistinguishable from bin Laden's organization. U.S.
intelligence officials say that Zarqawi was taking refuge in Iraq before the recent war there, but is now probably
in Iran.

"Zarqawi gave the order to make attacks and found the finances," said a senior Moroccan official. "He is the one
who set up the whole thing."
'^ - -^ j
The nearly simultaneous detonation of the bombs immediately pointed to al Qaeda, for which coordinated
strikes are a signature tactic. And the bombmaking recipe, except for a simple detonation device that the men
used, was one that followed al Qaeda manuals found in Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban, according to ?
Moroccan officials. Investigators here believe a bombmaker was sent to Morocco by al Qaeda to instruct the

The Casablanca plot illustrated al Qaeda's lethal adaptability in the face of intense security measures directed
against it around the world. 6/5/03

Press Clips for June 2, 2003


1) Integrity, Intelligence And Iraq (WP)
2) Hearing to Affect Government's Ability to Try Terror Suspects in Civilian Courts (NYT)
3) A Resilient Al Qaeda Regroups and Plots; U.S. fears the network may use untraceable
operatives for attacks on such targets as subways (LAT)
4) A new strain of al Qaeda (WT)
5) Audit Finds Big Problems in Handling of 9/11 Detentions (NYT)
6) 9/11 Lawsuits for the Justice Department? The release of a report critical of the DOJ's post-
Sept. 11 roundup of terror suspects could mean legal action against some officials (TIME)
7) Justice Dept. Report Faults Post-9/11 Detention Practice (WP)
8) Post 9/11 Anti-Terror Sweep Criticized (LAT)
9) Hard to Kill (Newsweek)
10) Trial Opens of the Accused Bali Bombing Mastermind (NYT)
11) Sensors May Track Terror's Fallout Region Gets First Fallout Sensors (WP)
12) Judge Raises Question in Moussaoui Case (AP)
13) Witness Said Ready to Testify on Al Qaeda Suspect (AP)
14) Toll Rises in Saudi Attacks; Ninth American dies of injuries from Riyadh bombings; FBI
director points to Al Qaeda (AP)


1) Integrity, Intelligence And Iraq

By Jeffrey H. Smith
Washington Post

George Tenet probably has the toughest job in America. The intelligence community and the CIA
in particular are being sharply questioned about the gap between what was predicted in Iraq and
what has been found. Critics of the war are screaming that the CIA did not anticipate the chaos,
looting and political instability in Iraq. A group of retired intelligence analysts have written the
president charging that systemic "warping" of intelligence "misled" Congress into voting for the
war. On Friday, both Tenet and Secretary of State Colin Powell responded by making unusual
public statements in defense of the intelligence community and their own actions.

Although the intelligence community got much right that enabled an extraordinary military victory,
it appears to have gotten much wrong about Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction
and his link with al Qaeda.

Time will tell whether the CIA was right about these matters. But in the meantime a more serious
charge has emerged, namely that the CIA's analysis leading up to the war was altered under
pressure by the administration to overstate the threat Hussein presented. As a result, the
credibility of the intelligence community - and the United States -- is at risk.

Therefore hard questions must be asked. At least three investigations are asking those questions,
including the president's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, an internal review ordered by Tenet
and a further internal review requested by congressional oversight committees. Among the
questions that should be asked:

* What did we know before the war and how does it compare with what we found?
*W-.':-->• The inside story of how
U.S. terrorist hunters are
: going after al Qaeda
*V4 f*^?t*J*?°

"s^*--^^''-', '
°*-<"-!-*g *- tj
^ "After 9/11, the gloves come off."
\ -COFER BLACK,former director, CIA Cmmterterrorism Center

And the brass knuckles came on.
America's frontline agents in the

war on terror have hacked into for-
eign banks, used secret prisons overseas, and spent over
$20 million bankrolling friendly Muslim intelligence serv-
ices. They have assassinated al Qaeda leaders, spirited pris-
oners to nations with brutal human-rights records, and
amassed files equal to a thousand encyclopedias.
But the war is far from over. Last week, Osama bin
Laden's top deputy exhorted the faithful to strike at west-
ern embassies and businesses. The injunction, from
Ayman al-Zawahiri, came on the heels of bombings in
Morocco and Saudi Arabia and caused the United States
to close diplomatic posts overseas and increase the
homeland security warning level from yellow to orange.
Al Qaeda, one FBI veteran explained, "has one more 9/11
in them."
With all the headlines about the latest attacks and
warnings, however, it is easy to miss the amount of dam-
age America's terrorist hunters have inflicted on bin
Laden's ragtag army. US. News has retraced the war on
terror, starting in the very first weeks after 9/11, to ex-
amine in detail how Washington and its allies launched
an unprecedented drive, led by the Central Intelligence
Agency, to disrupt and destroy bin Laden's operation.
Interviews were conducted with over three dozen past
and current counterterrorism officials in a half-dozen
GURU. Bin Laden's followers, like these in Gaza, rally to the leader.

ill r*


THREATS AND RESPONSES; Arrests, Hearings and Deteftons


Saudis Arrest 8 in Deadly Riyadh apmbing
By NEIL MacFARQUHAR t cache within sight of one of the Prino lyef would neither con-
SltYADH, Saudi Arabia, May 28 — ttpounds attacked. , firm nor1 Mr. Ghamdi's role,
A series of police raids around the he prince said those arrested to- saying a report would be ise-
day included three radical clerics leased w rer the investigation
holy city of Medina on Tuesday and
today led to the capture ol eight known for their support of militant was concli
suspected militants wanted in con- causes: All al-Khudair, Ahmed bin Mr. Gh; ,'s name and picture
nection with the bombing attacks on Humud al-Khaldi and Nasser bin Ha- were inclu long those of the 19
residential compounds in the Saudi mad al-Fahd. men sough connection with the
The thre«£ signed a fatwa, or reli- arms each r. Gharhdi dropped
»Tlte Saudi | interior minister, gious ruling, immediately after the out of collegi Ipinlhe mujahedeen,
Prince Nayef , told a news conference attacks saying 'it was the religious or. holy wa making several
if! the northeri,city of Tabuk that 11 duty of Saudis to shelter the perpe- trips to Afgh; , the Saudi news-
people had bop arrested, including trators from Jljte law, as they were paper Al Wat irted.
the foreign-bom wives of three of the engaged in hfflfp war.. A letter ciro on the Internet
men. ff Saudi and Jlmerican officials say that is attribute m exhorts the
Despite the arrests, the American Al Qaeda remained the prime sus- faitbtul to join war against
ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Robert pect. ;,' the West beca struggle had
W. Jordan, satd today that the United Prince Naj^f did not provide de- not reached its ut an elder of H , Reuters

States still believed that chances tails of the arrests, but Saudi press his family, 13 members Abu Bakar Bafihir, an Islamic cleric on trial for treason in Indonesia,
were high of another attack. reports said at least three people have been accusi .taking part in waved to his supporters yesterday as he was escorted to court in Jakarta.
Prince Nayef, in remarks broad- suspected of being Qaeda members terrorist attacks, to,the Ara-
cast on television, said the men ar- had been arrested in an Internet cafe bic daily AlHayai le letter had
been written by di. BALI BOMBINGS
rested were linked to the bombings in Medina, including Ali Abd al-Rah- Saudi law enfi officers
on May 12 that killed 34 people in- man al-Faqasi al-Ghamdi, who the
cluding 9 suicide bombers. The reports speculated had been the
prince said the bodies of six of the main planner of the attacks.
have taken scores
tody sinlfc the,flttai Defendants in Indonesia Trial
into cus-
it the latest
ar to h •been the first
bombers had been identified, and Mr. Ghamdi was at the cafe with
mat four of them were among the 19 two other men, the papers said. The
members of a cell that was disrupted computers they had been working on
plot Pr:
had been
be directly
Cite Ties to Osama bin Laden
Nayef said
sted so far
On May 6 with the discovery of a huge were seized. who had been linked .the attacks, By JANE PERLEZ trying to set up an Islamic state that bi
including those today, Others ar- would incorporate Indonesia, Malay- to
JAKARTA, Indonesia, May 28 — S!
rested were involved, An Islamic cleric and four of his sia and the Philippines. He is ac-
Saudi offici E
HUMAN RIGHTS subordinates appeared in court here cused of approving the bombing of
W«J» sites at t the mill-
today in an unusual glimpse at the churches across Indonesia on Christ-
tants' grapevine Arabia inner workings of the Southeast mas Eve 2000 and of having ap-
Amnesty Calls World Less Safe have reported tie clerics Asian militant group Jemaah Isla- proved of a failed effort to attack the
were killed in a shooioii iwith law miyah and of its links to Al Qaeda. American Embassy in Singapore.
enforcement offl4ers, Pr Nayef The cleric, Abu Bakar Bashir, 64, He has not been charged in the
; By SARAH LYAt,L White House spokestnan, denied that said no one h senior who is on trial for treason, sat impas- Bali case, however. Last weekend,
LONDON, May 28 - The world United States was violating the de- Saudi official I that the the chief investigator in the Bali
has become more dangerous, and tainees' rights. three had fled war sively in the heavily guarded court- case, Made Mangku Pastika, told re-
governments more repressive, since "I dismiss that as without merit," erupted. * room as, one by one, four of the porters that he hoped today's pro-
the effort to fight terrorism began he said, according to the Associated A day earlier, th foreign suspects in the Bali bombing that ceedings would establish a link be-
after the Sept. 11,2001, attacks on the Press. "The prisoners in Guantana- minister, prince ex- killed pore than 20$ people last year tween Mr. Bashir and the Bali case.
united States, the human rights mo are being treated humanely. pressed concern were described their relationship to him But while the four suspects said
and* to top leaders of Al Qaeda. ^ knew Mr. Bashir, they all denied

im, Triumphant Kurds, and the G.I.'s


U.S., in Assessment, Terms
Trailers Germ Laboratories
By WILLIAM J. BROAD Their inefficiency, he added, was'
The Bush administration yester- probably rooted in a decision to de-
day made public its assessment of sign the plants with enough technical
two mysterious trailers found in ambiguity so they could be dis-
Iraq, calling them mobile units to claimed as germ factories if discov-
produce deadly germs and the ered. Iraqi scientist!, have said? the
strongest evidence yet that Saddam units were used to produce hydrogetf
Hussein had been hiding a program for weather balloons. 'But the intelU-1
to prepare for biological warfare. gence officials dismissed that expla-
"We're highly confident" of that nation as a cover story even while^
judgment, an American intelligence conceding thJSt the equipment could,!
official told reporters. !> The official in fact, have been used occasionally'
said the administration's strong con- to make hydrogen. '
viction was based mainly on the sim- With unusual frankness, the report*
ilarity between the testimony of listed four Iraqi sources it said had
Iraqi sources and the evidence found given the West its insights into the1
on the ground. alleged mobile germ factories; a
The Central Intelligence Agency chemical engineer who managed a*
posted the six-page assessment, plant; a civil engineer who reported'
"Iraqi Mobile Biological Warfare on a plant at an ammunition depot in
Agent Production Plants," on its Iraq; a third source who told of an
Web site, The analysis animal feed cover story; and a de-'
was done in collaboration with the fector from the Iraq Intelligence'
Defense Intelligence Agency. Service who told how Baghdad was
The report and briefing, given by making mobile plants. ;'
four intelligence officials, revealed While the trailers had many simi-
new details beyond what government larities to the prewar descriptions/
officials had previously disclosed the officials and the report said, the
about the two mobile factories found units also bore notable differences.
by allied forces in April and May. For Instance, the original plants
For instance, the officials said were said to be mounted on flatbed
they judged that each trailer could trailers with reinforced floors. But
brew enough germs to produce, with the discovered plants were on heavy
B/The New York Times
further processing, one or two kilo- transporters intended for tanks, "ob-
grams of dried agent each month. viating the need for reinforced
atry Division, Staff Sgt. William Carter, right, and an Iraqi police officer, left, at a Baghq|id cbedcffeiint yesterday. While seemingly a small amount
; T — a kilogram is 2.2 pounds — that
weight in dangerous germs could
cause major havoc if cast to the wind
or into a subway. By comparison, the A report includes
tin a Larger Force in Iraq as StrifefPersists anthrax-tainted letters that killed 5
people and put 30,000 Americans on
preventive antibiotics in 2001 each
caveats and notes a
with policing a huge swath of territo- than two divisions by September, a contained about a gram of dried an- lack of hard proof.
ry from Tikrit to Kirkuk to the Irani- force of 70,000 or substantially
', ( to.ji
thrax spores. So the mobile factories,
The Atlantic I April 2003 I The Leadership Secrets of Osama bin Laden I Hoffman Page 1 of 4


The Atlantic Monthly | April 2003


The Leadership Secrets of Osama bin Laden
The terrorist as CEO


l Qaeda is clearly weaker than it was at the formal commencement of the war on terrorism, on
A October 7, 2001. It has been deprived of operational bases and training camps in Afghanistan.
Its command-and-control capabilities have been disrupted. Its headquarters have been
destroyed. Its leaders and fighters have been forcibly dispersed, and they are now consumed as
much by providing for their own security as by planning and executing attacks. Communication and
coordination among the disparate parts of al Qaeda's global network are more inconvenient—if not
necessarily less effective—than ever before. These setbacks have forced al Qaeda to alter its targeting
patterns. Displaced and harried, its operatives must now rely on local groups to carry out their plans
and, as a result, have focused on "softer," more accessible targets, in places as diverse as Tunisia,
Pakistan, Jordan, Indonesia, Kuwait, the Philippines, Yemen, and Kenya. These have included
German, Australian, and Israeli tourists; French engineers and a French oil tanker; and such long-
standing targets as U.S. diplomats and servicemen.

But not everything has changed, of course; al Qaeda remains a powerful threat. The organization has
continued to use suicide bombing, both at sea and on land, and commercial aviation remains a
focus—as was made clear in December of 2001, when the shoe bomber Richard Reid attempted to
blow up an American Airlines plane en route from Paris to Miami, and then eleven months later,
when a group in Kenya with links to al Qaeda tried to shoot down an Israeli charter flight using a
hand-held surface-to-air missile.

Al Qaeda has, in fact, proved to be remarkably nimble and adaptive—and the group's strength
derives precisely from its flexibility. The loss of Afghanistan may thus, in the long run, have little
effect on al Qaeda's ability to harm us. Some of al Qaeda's biggest plots—among them Ramzi
Yousef s 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, and his subsequent failed plot to bomb twelve
U.S. commercial aircraft over the Pacific—predate the group's strong presence in Afghanistan, which
for al Qaeda was important mainly as a base from which to prosecute a conventional civil war against
the late Ahmad Shah Massoud's Northern Alliance. This conflict required arms dumps, training
camps, staging areas, and networks of forward and rear headquarters—but none of these specific
facilities are necessary to an ongoing international terrorism campaign.

Al Qaeda's core leadership is still alive and at large—perhaps only a third of its leaders are now dead
or captured. Moreover, the two most important figures in al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-

Edward Rothstein

oking for Roots id Terror
"War mayTlfced be a continuation ofjpli-
^ ;r meanwijut as cataclysms, i
Uprises accumu
st coml<$fitfcljp rtidersa
other wars. Wars make most sense "when
resemble wars already known.
generals always fight the last war,
rs object to the last war and debates tate% "in its bovine stupidity"
which last war is being resurrected. s beginnings d^war. Terrorist
Right now the' main contenders are iassacres rkw ring the borders of
aam — with its heritage of mistrust, lie Islamic world, from the Kashmir to the
and murky, futile death — and World Philippines.
with its%fritage of virtue, necjgggrand high By putting the war on terror in this totali-
IWOism. These models offerjplfiigry incom- tarian context, Mr. Berman shows that while
images of tiMi^lffllld States, of its the differences between many of these move-
ments are profound, so are the similarities. The
awed. Neither Asian rice totalharian model makes it clear, too, that
the Normandy beaches are *juite much of tfie recent discussion about the root
^ Iraqi sands^Bie Vietnam analogy^ <; causes of terror is as distorted as the argu-
leaves out the bj»MRdW war context for that '• j. moults of those waff once argued that the root
Jailure And the Second causes of German Fascist or^oviet Communist
terror were in the aggressive behavior of the
fearscmie Na^cbrio^i^^on the evel emocracies or even the subversive presence
' -"Aerica's entry into the war are hardly com-
parable ta.the successes of Saddam Hussein.
Bat step back from both Iraq and these tarfaiHSni has taken on
familiar models, as Paul Herman does in "Ter- has often too-readily succumbed, seeking to
rar and Liberalism," and another model comes treat even its enemies as reasonable when they
fato focus. Mr. Berman, who considers himself ^ were not. French socialists so tried to avoid,
• social democrat and is a supporter of what with Hitler that a majority eveatu»ay
whence called the ami-Communist left, pro-, l^llfclflgiy government. Fellow trav-
|M»s that the war oa terror resembles the long University of Northern Colorado Archives elers made trMN^d T|^inore difficult. Aad
Kith-century wars against totalitarianism, lite The Egyptian author Sayyid Qutb, a spirit- now, Mr. Berman arguliSljfeJgnd of "wishnd
on terror, like the wars against Commu- thinking" has been evident inlw%|j^ in which
Fascism, is being undertaken in de- ual father of radical Islamicism.
the left has made excuses for Palestjhiag ter-
se ot liberalism and against movements that ror, treating it as "the measure of Isrsaefi
disdain it. established and external enemies are fiercely guilt."
But Mr. Herman's most important argu- attacked. The war now being faced, Mr. Berraaa
ment — and one that helps make this compact, Similar patterns developed in the Middle argues, will take yeari^n many fronts using
sed book one of the most challenging ac- East The founder of Saddam Hussein's fascist many styles^ €tofrontation and education —
i of the post-9/11 world — is that the war Baath Par^ ^tu^ied German Romanticism, just like the cold war. What is needed, he
-^ggmrty-rtfr-"- ""
iaflHi^Wliira«flf^»tinuation of
war «" includii%,^n ifferman notes, "the philosophers
of national destiny, of race and of the integrity
proposes, is a "war of ideas" like the one that
eventually toppled Communism, and one that
lintellectual and political roots of Islamic of national cultures." . One of the most influen- will bei«ccompanied by reform of Arab socie-
, he suggests, lie in the West. tial Islamist philosophers, Sayyid Qutb (pro- ties. He l%jfi|£ts the war in Iraq but he believes
In ^fais, Mr. Berman goes a bit too far, nounced KUH-tahb), who was executed by; that after a S^MW beginning, President Bush
perhapsJ^oUons of martyrdom, jihad and the ser in 1966, studied in the West and then has failed to roWSttfee best case one could tar
defense (and expansion) of the territory of,, many other Islamic radicals, rebelled /gainst - the larger war
Mam are pres*»l|^roughout Islamic religious modernity and secularism (his brotlw r taught But old political lines are also breaking
cultures. But Mr. Berman stffijsfcows hpw that Osama bin Laden). The Ayatollah Khomeini, down and new ones are forming. Many of Mr.
fertile religious soil nurtured European who lived in Paris before the 19?S Iranian Barman's arguments about the totalitarianism
growths. revolution, combined phrases of f anon and of Islamicist movements and the threat to
He traces the literary cults of "murder and Sartre,with his totalitarian Islamicism, liberal democracy have been made across tht
•B&ide" and "acts of Satanic transgression" in _Tjiese;AF8b and Islamic movements •have political spectrum. And while Mr. Berman
Hth-century European Romanticismi "Sad ni^0tnarish resutts, "fully a^wrible," in urges greater internationalism and a "new
ism. After Wortd War l%me~ deat Mr. German's words, "as the'' radicalism" it is unclear how sympathetic
•topianism: Lenin's Bolsheviks, Stalinists and Stalinism of Europe." In the j^an-Iraq many segments of the left would be with Mr.
Spanish, Italian and German Fascists; later the 1980's,. more than a mfflion- people ^ _Berman's analysis. Liberalism and thr teft
wJere came Maoists, the Khmer Rouge and killed, gassed and tortured^ln the Sudan, up to" now be even more split over the nature af
sundry other ensembles. A totalitarian pattern two asUUon people were' killed. Qbtiog the on terror than they once wer^over the
developed: a lost past or a Utopian future is and W's came *'* ' "fleabites,* |p Mr. Communism. At times, in fact, it
•QHght, internal enemies are hunted (in many Wrman calls the tatti^l attacks on Am«l||M seems fe-politics is about to become a
CMes, Jews), an absolutist body ef law is embassies, military «- taUations and civiliim continuation orwar by other means.

In le_


Firof, Operative Offered
Judge an Apology and a Blessing
By BENJAMIN WEISER By contrast, Mr. al Nalfi wrote
A former Al Qaeda operative who that it was "fitting" for him to plead
recently pleaded guilty in New York guilty "for actions that were ulti-
to a conspiracy charge has written to mately directed against a country
a judge renouncing his actions that I admired, and a people whose
against the United States and saying help to my country was for all to see
he has been treated fairly in the during the famine that befell Sudan
American court system. during the Reagan presidency."
The former operative, Mohamed Mr. al Nalfi said he went to Af-
Suleiman al Nalfi, of Sudan, apolo- ghanistan in 1988 to fight the Rus-
gized in his letter for "the wrongs I sians. "I fought with U.S. made
have done," and said he has never weapons, thankful for the Ameri-
felt animosity toward the United cans' stand with us," he wrote.
In Afghanistan, he wrote, "early
States. "May God keep and bless the
American justice system and the members of the Al Qaeda group re-
cruited me, and what resulted of that
courts," Mr. al Nalfi wrote to Judge was what I plead to."
Kevin Thomas Duffy of Federal Dis- "Although I did those things," he
trict Court in Manhattan. added, "I nevertheless have learned
Mr. al Nalfi was taken to the Unit- as I grew in age that I 'have done
ed States in 2000 and charged in the wrong, and since I came to that
broad terrorism conspiracy that conviction, I stopped working with Al
prosecutors say was led by Osama Qaeda."
bin Laden and included the 1998 em- When he pleaded guilty, Mr. al
tepar bombings in East Africa. In Nalfi, then 40, admitted in court that
'* jSnuaryTMr. al Nalfi pleaded guilty he had created a jihad group in Su-
to a lesser charge of conspiring to dan in 1989 at the request of Al Qaeda
destroy national defense materials that was going to be used to recruit
and wassentenced in February to 10 Sudanese citizens. He also said he
yearsfffi prison, the maximum term. helped establish a route to smuggle
At the sentencing, Judge Duffy weapons from Sudan to Egypt, and
said he had received a "truly very that he attended a 1992 meeting
interesting" letter from Mr. al Nalfi, where Al Qaeda officials discussed
but ordered it sealed. The judge re- how to forcibly remove American
leased the letter recently at the re- and United Nations forces from So-
quest of The New York Times. malia and Saudi Arabia
Given past cases involving terror- In his letter, he said that he had not
ism, the two-page letter is unusual in seen his actions as directed against
its contrition. When Ramzi Ahmed the United States, but now he recog-
Yousef, wh» ted the 1993 bombing of nized that they were "criminal in
the World Trade Center, was sen- nature and against the law. These
tenced in 1998, he declared that he actions could not simply be erased
was a terrorist and "proud of it." just by the passing of time."
Cleric Rejects Charges
As Jakarta Trial Starts
1 ':- '•, '
Bombing and Assassination Plots Alleged
Washington Post Foreign Service

[JAKARTA, Indonesia, April 23—
: trial of a Muslim cleric accused
[ trying to overthrow the govern-
began today, with about 200
shouting "AHahu Akbar!"
"A^nerika /IfcrJ^fsf as he e%
"the courtroom.
(Abubakar Baasyir, 64, an Sffifc
with an ivory beard and
iicriHod of If yhiy to ovui Uii m tiH?
supporters but betrayed little goverranent of Indonesia.
as the prosecution read a
him at the Asia Fbundation. "From the
i attempting to replace the Indo- regime's perspective, for the re-
i government with an Islamic gime's credibility, if s important Ait
e. It alleges that he approved a he go to trial There are i
3 of church bombings on Christ- al interests at stake here."
sEve 2000 that killed 19 people, a Bush said the government is try-
I pbt to bomb U.S. interests in ing to "play off both skies" in me
and a plan—later trial They're hoping to have cot
assassinate Megawati (rfete proof that they are taking «*>•
rnoputri, now the president, in tion against this alleged tenwtlft
31, when she was vice president andi on the other hand, they arettit
[The process of reading the in- ing atoned-downstance to appwM
which took 68 minutes, extremists," she said.
in motion the highest-profile As an exampfc of the latter, At
HI d that Baasyir was not cb»fil
! involvement in the BaB! '
i after bombing attacks in BaH ings, which killed 202 people, i
[ October. Baasyir's case is widely Australian t
t as a test for Megawati, who is thatpolicel
a resolve to combat terror-them wfth evidence Unking him
i with a need to show she is not rectry to the attack.
Islam in the most-oop- Muhammad Ismail. Yusanto,
3 MusKm nation in the world spokesman for the formerly
» government all Hizbut lahrir organLatios,
rfethe leader of Jemaah Islamiah, ed that Baasyir wbuki be
| <|ganization that the United Na-
> and the United States have la- tries. A conviction would "«
la terrorist group, and that po- the MusKm community, he sakUJDt
; of conducting the attacks would not lead to violence.
The opening of the trial coinddW
f organization exists and said to- with an announcement
•Itnat he was innocent of the headquarters that 18 Islamk
which carry a mayingim itants had been arrested. Afl are (
;of life in prison, peeked members of
do not accept the charges.
! are lies from America," said Police said Nasir Abbas, a)
; who wore a white tunic over sian reputed to be the leader of i
sarong, a white prayer cap maah Tsl^finfah cell that
i orange scarf. northern Indonesia and the _
f we were not sure of the evi- ern Phflippines, was arrested
e, we would not bring this case Jakarta, hi central Java, police tr-
' said the chief prosecutor, rested Abo Rusdan, who has be*B
iMadani. serving as Jemaah Islamiah's tedf^-
fc year ago, authorities refrained rary leader.
arresting Baasyir, fearing it Of the 16 others arrested, three
1 fuel a backlash among Mus- are suspected in the Bah* bombing,
i, who make up more than 80 per- polke said, bringing to 32 the nw-
t of Indonesia's 220 nriffion peo- ber of suspects being held in connec-
tion with the blasts.
, as spiritual leader of Je-
maah Islamiah, is "a very symbolic Special correspondents NoorHuda
figure," said Robin Bush, director of Ismail and Natasha Tampubolon
the blam and ti\Tl°sotiety program contributed to this report.

Saudis Withdraw Berlin Diplomat After Germans Cite Possible Militant Link
By DESMOND BUTLER financing of that purchase was pro-
. vided by Al Haramain Foundation, a
BERLIN, April 24 — Saudi Arabia
withdrew a diplomat from its embas-
An incident likely to Saudi-based charity whose activities
have come under suspicion by inves-
sy here last month after German
Officials raised questions with the
raise suspicions of tigators blfeforfeThe charity's direc-
>audi government about contacts he Saudi government tor, Aqeel Abdut"%Azeel al-Aqeel, is
fray have had with a group of Islam- listed as part owner ol the mosque in
\s currently under investi-
fation for terrorism, German and
ties to terrorists. Berlin city records.
In March 2002, the Saudi and
^udi officials said. American governments shut down
[German police are examining . 'After months of silence, Saudi offi- Haramain's branches in Bosnia and
(hether>Mohamed J. Fakihi, the di- cials dented that Mr. Fakihi had ever Somalia, which they suspected of
ector of the Islamic Affairs Depart- tunneling money to extremists under
jient for the Saudi Embassy in Ber- met Mr. Motassadeq.
But a German official familiar cover of supporting Islamic schools
nlhad ties to six men they detained with the case said that the authori- and orphanages. At the time, United
fcstt month, the officials said. Ger- States officials cited the closures as
uari authorities described those ar- ties turned their attention once again
to Mr. Fakihi after investigators saw evidence of improved cooperation
ests as pre-emptive, after they re- with Saudi Arabia on fighting terror-
:eive4 information that the men him visiting al-Nur mosque, in a
night Nbe planning attacks to co- working dass district of Berlin, ism. But newspapers in Saudi Arabia
ncide with the opening of the Iraq which was frequented by some of the later reported that the group contin-
- suspects. ued to operate in Bosnia. \r al-Far
I Grman prosecutors have charged men, Ihsan Garnoaui, a
that the six men belonged to an or- attested after police arrested in Indonesia last June and
ganization working to recruit Arab apartment a faked Por- believed to have been an important
students in Germany for terrorist >rt similar to others Qaeda representative in Southeast
activities. tediterrorists, a list of Asia, told the Central Intelligence
i Prosecutors stressed that Mr. Fa- ised for explosives, a Agency last September that his net-
kihi is not under investigation, and in >logy and a Glock pistol. work received money funneled by
fuiy case he would enjoy diplomatic :ey Inspected that Mr. Haramain, according to a transcript
immunity. But the incident is likely mt |ime in Chechnya of his interrogation.
io heighten concents expressed by camps in Afghanistan.
i)aui it regularly to af- Haramain and Mr. Aqeel are
American officials that elements among a number of organizations
ivithin the Saudi government have Associated Press ue, wh: •foas searched by
the ti of the arrests; and individuals, including members
supported the aims of terrorist German police officers guarding the entrance to al-Nur mosque last of the Saudi royal family, accused of
groups, including Al Qaeda, and may lauthor: said they were
month after the arrests of suspected terrorists who frequented it the iances of the providing financial support to Al Qa-
lave helped funnel money to them.
A spokesman for the Saudi Em- bsqueMhich have been inves- eda by plaintiffs in a $1 trillion class-
assy here, who declined to be German investigators made in- who was a close friend of Mohamed fating Space 2' tor possible ties to action civil suit brought by families
£med, said that Mr. Fakihi had re- quiries about Mr. Fakihi after they Atta, the leader of the hijackers in | Qaedaiw of Sept. 11 victims.
irned to Saudi Arabia after Germa- discovered his business card, in the the Sept. 11 attacks. Mr. Motassadeq building the mosque A spokesman foe the American
' demanded that he leave. Mr. Fa- fall of 2001, during a search of the was convicted in a German court in changed owner in 2000, in a pur- Embassy in Berlin declined to com-
hi could not be reached through the Hamburg apartment of Mounir el- February on charges of involvement i valued a million. The Ger- ment on Mr. Fakihi's departure or
ibassy. Motassadeq, a Moroccan student in the Sept. 11 plot. official s; that much of the the German investigation.

Study Urges More Action to Cut
Risks From Weapons Stockpiles
By JUDITH MILLER $20 billion a "floor" rattier than a
The United States, Russia and Eu- ceiling. It also recommends that na-
rope should do far more to reduce the tions "may wish to waive debt pay-
urgent and "grave proliferation ments" in exchange for additional
risks" from their remaining stock- spending by Russia on such projects.
piles of nuclear, biological and chem- The study highlights progress
ical weapons, concludes a new report made with a $7 billion investment in
endorsed by a consortium of influen- these efforts by the United States,
tial private research centers. much of it under Cooperative Threat
Specifically, the report concludes, Reduction programs started by
the United States and its European legislation in the early 1990's spon-
allies must begin treating Russia as sored by Senator Richard G. Lugar
a partner in such efforts rather than of Indiana, now Foreign Relations
as a strategic charity case. Committee chairman, and Mr. Nunn.
For its part, the report says, Rus- In the past decade, the report
sia must become more open and re- notes, nuclear materials have been
removed from Ukraine, Kazakhstan
move obstacles to cooperation to pre-
and Belarus. The world's largest an-
vent the world's most lethal arms thrax production facility at Stepno-
and technology from spreading to gorsk, Kazakhstan, was dismantled.
rogue states and terrorist groups. The first prototype chemical
The four-volume report was con- weapons destruction plant in Russia.
ceived as one of the most compre- is ready to operate, and more than
hensive public assessments of a dec- 50,000 scientists who once worked in
ade of American and allied efforts to nuclear, biological and chemical
help Russia secure its strategic weapons facilities have received aid.
arms stockpiles and to agh^steps, the report as-
dangers posed by its cold war lega- serts th'afi'fKbf% ambitious j
cies of vast unconventional arms are needed. The study fe
stockpiles and personnel. stance, that .basic security upgrades
The three-year study, "Protecting had been cornpHitea at "facilities
Against the Spread of Nuclear, Bio- containing only 46 percent of the
logical, and Chemical Weapons," has approximately 603 metric tons of
been endorsed by a group of 15 re- Russia's weapons-usable nuclear
search organizations in the United materials" identified by the United
States, Europe, Russia and Japan. It States Department of Energy.
was financed by the Carnegie Corpo- "Virtually none" of Russia's pluto-
ration of New York and the Nuclear nium and "less than one-seventh" of
Threat Initiative, the Washington its highly enriched uranium has been
foundation started by Ted Turner rendered unusable for nuclear weap-
and Sam Nunn, a former Democratic ons, the report says. "The same is
senator from Georgia. ' •*••«. -true for the United States," it says.
The first volume was written by The report emphasizes the con-
Robert J. Einhorn and Michele A. tinuing threat posed by Russia's bio-
Flournoy, former senior Clinton ad- logical stockpiles, about 20 major
ministration arms control and de- former Soviet facilities .and at leas*'
fense specialists now at the Centef two dozen smaller institutions.
for Strategic and International Stud- "Thousands of weapons scientists
ies in Washington. It is to be released and workers are still unemployed or
today in London at a conference underemployed," the rejport says,
about efforts to secure and reduce and susceptible to lucrative offers of
stockpiles of weapons of mass de- work from countries that could have
struction. A copy was provided to secret germ weapons programs.
The New York Times in advance. Many Bush administration offi-
At a summit meeting in Canada cials say. Russia should not .Benefit
last June, the major industrial pow- from American assistance, given its
ers and Russia — the Group of 8 — reluctance to open facilities suspect-
agreed to spend $20 billion over the ed of illicit arms research. Officials
next 10 years to help Russia reduce have also protested Russian aid to
the threat posed by its stockpiles. Iran's nuclear program. But the re-
The report notes that given the port concludes that helptog Russia
danger that these materials might be secure and eliminate unconventional-
acquired by rogue states of terror- weapons stockpiles is too important
ists, these nations should consider to be held hostage to such concerns.

Instruction and Methods From Al Qaeda

Took Root in North Iraq With Islamic Fighters

ByC.J. CHIVERS - i^Ut-

DARGA SHARKHAN, Iraq, April later transferred tor safekeeping to
22 — The two-inch-thick manual on the bank's headquarters.
Jailing, discovered in an abandoned But that did not help Abdullah Mu-
bomb laboratory here early this hammad, 49, who went to the bank
month, offers instruction in Al Qa- today because he was running out of
gda's array of lethal demolition cash. He said he had withdrawn two
gkills. million dinars, or about $1,300, before
With a text in Arabic complement- the war. That is nearly gone. He, too,
ed by diagrams taken from Ameri- argued with the guard.
can military manuals, the document "What am I supposed to do?" the
offers lessons for rigging explosives, guard asked him. "I don't have any
setting and concealing booby traps, instructions to open the bank and
give people money."
and wiring an alarm clock to deto-
nate a bomb. Mr. MiMmBf^'.wasangry. "Cha-
" The book is a photocopy of one ds fc> eVHPJflWlereT'^fWrtBP'^Rffiire
volume of the Jihad Encyclopedia, are no jol>s. There is no money.
the technical manual that American Prices have increased. Buses used to
officials have said is used by Al Qa- cost 25 dinars. Now they are 100 The
eda in its war against the West. Oth- minivans used to cost 100. Now it is
er copies were found in terrorist 250. We don't have work. How are we
training camps and guest houses in supposed to afford those things?"
Afghanistan after the defeat of the Ibrahim Qreishi, 52, had a differ-
Taliban in 2001. ent problem: he has too much mon-
.-• This copy, though, was found not in ey, which is oddly common here. He
Afghanistan but in this valley in the was carrying a plastic bag with one
jCurdish enclave in northern Iraq. It million dinars in the new red 10JOOO
.was recovered by Kurdish security dinar notes, issued right before the
officials accompanied by a reporter end of Mr. Hussein's rule. Few shop-
4n a training center operated by An- keepers will accept the notes, worth
sar al-Islam, a local armed party. about $6.70 each. Some say they do
• Weeks after Ansar was forced not have change. Others say they are
|rom its territory by American Spe- counterfeit.
cial Forces soldiers and Kurdish "People say, 'O.K., they are worth
fighters at the end of March, evi- only .7,000,'" Mr. Qreishi said.
dence gathered from its bases pro- "Why? I paid 10,000 for it. Why is it
vides a detailed look at the opera- now worth only 7,000?" There were
tions of that band of Islamic fighters. no answers at the bank.
Documents gathered in 2001 by a "We're not going, to open the bank
correspondent for The New York until there is protection," said the
titties 1,300 miles away in Kabul, the new manager, Fayek Hussein al-
Afghan capital, suggested that Al Obeidi. "We are waiting for instruc-
Qaeda was then helping to unify the **.»—« *-~*T^ithfi """"*•"* — —
Islamic groups that became Ansar
and was encouraging them to estab-
lish strict Islamic rules in villages
they controlled.
The documents spoke of the
froups in Iraq and said they should
be urged to unite. Kurdish officials
and Ansar defectors have said lead-
ers of the groups that formed Ansar
went to Afghanistan in 2000 and 2001
t^rith Qaeda officials.
' ' f

First Suspect Charged in Bali Bombings
Associated Press : •
t_ " _,J __a^^Jf.J
two Bali nightclubs. plosives used in the attack and charged with treason hi connection
One of 29 peQijtmetained in drove the van that blew up outside with the church attacks. He has not
BALI, Indonesia, April 30 t Oct. 12 attack, one of the clubs. been charged in the Bali bombings.
(Wednesday)—Indonesian Sarges of violating The blasts were the bloodiest . Dozens of alleged members of
cutors today formally anti-terrorism laws that could cany terror assault since the Sept. 11, the group have been arrested hi
first suspect in last year's terror the death penalty, a spokesman for 2001, attacks in the United States. Singapore and Malaysia. The
{bombings on the resort island of the I , Jemaah Islflnnah also is thought group's goal, according to regional
Jjali that kilkd 202 to fee responsible for a series of law enforcement officials, is to es-
y|preign tourists. - icr details of Christmas Eve church bombings hi tablish a pan-Islamic state in South-
}£f The suspect, Amrozi, who like the charges were immediately Indonesia in 2000, as well as a
jpiany Indonesians has only one available. foiled plot to blow up U.S., Austra- Other suspects arrested hi con-.
name, allegedly belongs to Jemaah Amrozi's arrest on British and Israeli diplomatic nection with the Bali blasts are ex-
Jsjamiah, the al Qaeda-linked re- pected to go on trial later this year.
gional terror group blamed for the bomb- leader, Abu- AH the trials are scheduled to take
jiear-simultaiieous bombing at ings. : claim he bought the ex- bakar Baasyir, is on trial in Jakarta, place in Ball




High Court Upholds
immigrants5 Custody
jtycision RequiresJail Pending Deportation
Wa&ington Post Staff Writer

-fl-\The Supreme Court yesterday upheld a
Supreme Court Calendar
;/wwn-year-oM federal (aw that says im- The Supreme Court will hear oral
tfMgrants, including permanent residents, arguments starting at 10 a.m. today in
Hflfho have committed certain crimes must be the f(Mowing cases:
- ^Btoined while the federal government de- Virginia v. Hicks, No. 02-371. Can a
public housing authority ban
:jddes whether to deport them. trespassing on the streets and
9fL Reversing a recent trend on the court to- sidewalks inside housing projects?
-#nni expanding immigrant rights, the ruling (One hour)
'^Confirms Congress's power to limit the Beneficial National Bank v. Anderson,
-ligkts of even relatively well-estabHshed non- No. 02-306. Do state or federal courts
citizens. have jurisdiction over state law usury "Congress may make rates as to aliens...
tu The decision puts the nation's estimated claims against a national bank? (One unacceptable if applied to citizens," Chief
A!) million permanent resident immigrants, hour) Justice William H. Rehnquist wrote.
!«Tr"green card" holders, on notice that if they
<8pmmit certain "aggravated" offenses or of-
fenses of "moral turpitude," they will serve the South Korea-bora California resident
their sentences—and then be locked up "The Court's holding that the Constitu- who was fighting detention in the case.
again by immigration authorities if removal tion permits the government to lock up a But supporters of the decision said it rat
proceedings against them are pending. lawful permanent resident of this country ified Congress's justified crackdown on
The number of people who falce that pros- when there is concededly no reason to do so crime committed by immigrants who melt
'f>ect is unknown, though the Justice Depart- forgets over a century of precedent acknowl- back into society while the bureaucracy
rnent says that in recent years it has detained edging the rights of permanent residents, in- deals with their cases.
itaaee than 75,000 criminal immigrants— cluding the bask liberty from physical con- "We've just locked up a lot of convicted
(including not only permanent residents, but finement lying at the heart of due process," criminals who won't be on the streets com-
•«teo illegal immigrants and others—under Souter wrote. He was joined by Justices mitting more crimes," said Richard A. Samp,
-*fl 1996 law. John Paul Stevens and Ruth Bader Gins- chief counsel of the Washington Legal Foun-
^ CM libertarians, immigrant rights burg. Justice Stephen G. Breyer also dis- dation, which filed a friend of the court brief
groups, the American Bar Association and sented, but for different reasons. in support of the Justice Department's posi-
,-f reeiinent former immigration officials had. Yesterday's decision reverses rulings by tion.
ttftged the court to rule that the Constitution federal appeals courts with jurisdiction over Kim came to the United States with his
Seouires giving criminals who are perma- four regions including such large immigrant parents in 1984 at age 6 and got a green card
Asnt resident immigrants a hearing to deter- population centers as California, Pennsylva- two years later. He was convicted of first-.
minate whether they would jump bail or com- nia and New Jersey, so anyone who was" re- degree burglary for stealing from a toolshed
mit another crime. leased on bafl in those states may face an im- in 1996 and "petty theft with priors" in 1997.
t tuflut by a 5 to 4 vote, the court ruled that mediate return to detention. He served two years of a three-year sen-
-Congress had ample reason to treat such im- For the court, too, the case represents tence for the latter offense, then was arrested
4Mpants as a group when it passed the 1996 something of a shift back in favor of govern- by immigration authorities.
,4w requiring immigration authorities to jail ment authority over immigrants. After waiting three months for deporta-
Ihttn. There is enough evidence that many In 2001, in the last major immigrant rights tion efforts to get untracked, Kim petitioned
jHOfkl escape or endanger the public, and cases decided before 19 Middle Eastern men a federal district judge for release. The judge
i most face relatively short detention, the carried out the terror attacks of Sept 11, the ordered him freed. The Justice Department
court noted in concluding that the law does court ruled 5 to 4 that federal courts can re- appealed the legal issues to the San Francis-
«ot violate immigrants' right to due process view constitutional claims by certain crimi- cc-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th
rtflaw. nal immigrants challenging their deporta- Circuit—but in the meantime agreed to re-
fi 'TTJhis court has firmly and repeatedly tions, and it ruled 5 to 4 that the government lease Kim on $5,000 bond. The 9th Circuit,
indorsed the proposition that Congress may could not detain deportable criminal im- too, sided with Kim.
<saake rules as to aliens that would be unac- migrants indefinitely if their home countries Kim, now a junior majoring in business
4epttble if applied to citizens," Chief Justice were unwilling or unable to take them back administration at San Jose State University,
•iVffiam H. Rehnquist wrote, backed by Jus- Yesterday's ruling upheld a law that is "ex- faces a return to detention but will continue
<»ct»i Sandra Day O'Connor, Anthony M. ceptionally harsh, given that they are lawful to fight deportation.
'Kennedy, Antonin Scalia and Clarence permanent residents and have already "Korea is more foreign to me than Amer-
cZthomas. served their sentences," said Doris Meissner, ica," Kim, 25, said in an interview. 1 speak
aUJustice David H. Souter dissented, read- who served as commissioner of the Immigra- Korean, but not to the point where I could
ing a summary of his opinion from the bench tion and Naturalization Service under Presi- get a job. I would have a very tough time over
as a gesture of particularly strong opposi- dent Bill Clinton. Meissner signed a friendof there,"
tion. the court brief supporting Hyung Joon Kim, the case is Demore v. Kim, No. 01-1491.
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KARACHI, Pakistan (AP) — Pakistani police have arrested
six men linked to al-Qaida, including a Yemeni man wanted
in connection with the Sept. 11 attacks and the bombing of
the USS Cole, an Interior Ministry official said Wednesday.

The country's interior minister said the arrests prevented "a major terrorist attack."

Waleed Mohammed Bin Attash, best known as Tawfiq bin Attash or Tawfiq Attash
Khallad, was arrested Tuesday during a pair of raids conducted in southern Karachi by
Pakistani authorities.

"This is a big catch. Attash is wanted in the USS Cole bombing," said Brig. Javed Iqbal
Cheema, the head of Pakistan's counterterrorism unit. "I think he is very important."

U.S. counterterrorism officials in Washington confirmed the capture of the suspect, also
known as Khallad, and described him as one of the most-wanted al-Qaida fugitives.
Khallad was active in plotting new attacks, the officials said on condition of anonymity.

White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said President Bush was grateful to Pakistan for a
"hopeful and significant capture."

"It's been another strong day of Pakistani cooperation in the war against terror, "he said.

A CIA officer once described Khallad as a "major-league killer."

U.S. intelligence officials said Khallad is suspected of meeting with two of the Sept. 11
hijackers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in January 2000. Those hijackers, Khalid al-Mihdhar
and Nawaf al-Hazmi, were on the plane that crashed into the Pentagon.

Khallad was in Afghanistan for much of the planning of the attacks and was believed to
have moved to Pakistan by late 2002, officials said. 4/30/03 - Al Qaeda-tied terrorist nabbed in Iraq - Apr. 30, 2003 Page 1 of 2

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Al Qaeda-tied terrorist nabbed in Iraq Who's on
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From David Ensor
CNN Washington Bureau
Law Wednesday, April 30, 2003 Posted: 2:13 AM EOT (0613 GMT)
Science & Space WASHINGTON (CNN) - Senior
Health Bush administration officials
Entertainment Tuesday said a member of an
Travel al Qaeda-affiliated terror group
Education operating in Iraq has been
Special Reports captured by U.S. forces.
Exp«ri«ncft the
world from a Sources said the individual is a
gtobai perspective member of a group operating in
western Baghdad under the leadership
of Abu Musab al Zarqawi, a Jordanian
SERVICES believed by the United States to have
Video been the mastermind behind the
Newswatch assassination of American diplomat
E-Mail Services Lawrence Foley in Amman last
CNN To Go October.
A member of a terror group linked to Abu
SEARCH Musab al Zarqawi (above) has been
Zarqawi was said to have received captured in Iraq by U.S. forces.
Web (?> C medical treatment in Baghdad in May
and June of 2002 after being wounded
in Afghanistan during the war. His leg Story Tools
was amputated, U.S. officials say, by a SAVE THIS fjtE?l EMAIL THIS
surgeon in Iraq.
Before the war, Secretary of State
Colin Powell pointed to Zarqawi's al
Qaeda-affiliated group that he said was VIDEO a
operating inside Baghdad, as evidence
of ties between al Qaeda and Iraq. A member of an al
terror group
Powell told the U.N. Security Council in operating in Baghdad
early February that after al Qaeda and has been captured
the Taliban were ousted from by U.S. forces. CNN's David Ensor
Afghanistan, Zarqawi established a reports (April 30)
camp in northeastern Iraq to train j PLAY VIDEO
terrorists in using explosives and

During Zarqawi's stay in Baghdad, SPECIAL REPORT
nearly two dozen of his associates set
up a base of operations in the capital to
move people, money and supplies
throughout the country, said Powell. IRAQ
The United States, using another War Tracker 4/30/03

To Assess
Wew Operation to Be
at CIA for Now
'' Washington Post Staff Writer

The Bush administration is launching a
'new counterterrorism center today to
remedy intelligence-gathering problems
/revealed in the wake of the Sept. 11,2001,
*" attacks, but the plan is already coming un-
der criticism as a wasteful duplication of
Bother agencies' work,
' ' The Terrorist Threat Integration Cen- BY RAY IUSTIG-THE WASHINGTON WST

ter (TTIC), first announced by President Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-Conn.) says the Terrorist Threat Integration Center being
'Bush earlier this year in his State of the dedicated today should be moved to the Department of Homeland Security.
'Union address, will bring together repre-
sentatives from across the government to The center was hurriedly announced to "There will be no TTIC personnel walk-
j monitor threat information gathered by response to growing congressional doubts ing the streets of a city in the United
: other agencies and provide analysis to the about the ability of the scandal-ridden J?BI States collecting information, nor will
' "'White House and others. to protect the nation from terrorist attack. there be TTIC personnel making d^ci-
The ribbon-cutting comes after yester- Sen. John Edwards (N.C.), a Democfatic sions about investigations," Bernazzaai
, day's release of the State Department's an- presidential hopeful, has proposed creat- said. '"*
''liual report on terrorism. The report said ing a new domestic intelligence agency Threat center officials acknowledged
, thgt attacks dropped sharply last year and akin to Britain's MIS security service. that many details remain to be worked
several nations where terrorists are active Another presidential candidate, Sen. out, including what kinds of reports will
'increased efforts to combat their activ- Joseph I. Lieberman (Conn.), wrote Bush be provided to other agencies and the cen-
ities. this week calling the threat center "mis- ter's permanent location. The administra-
' ; Officials said the threat center, which guided and potentially calamitous" and tion plans to place the center in its own
will start with a skeleton staff of 60 in tem- urging him to move the center into the building that will also house CIA and FBI
'ipbrary quarters at CIA headquarters in new Department of Homeland Security. counterterrorism operations.
' Langley, will begin operations today by Lieberman said the center "will be re- The State Department's '
immediately taking responsibility for moved from our government's dajfy ef- port said attacks by "international i
' compiling the top-secret Daily Threat Ma- forts to improve our domesticSfofenses, ists" drdpped from 355 in 2001 to 18
trix, an analysis that forms the backbone constrained by cultural and institutional year, Reutersmews service reported.^
for much of the administration's strategy rivalries between the CIA and FBI, .isolat- number of deaths fell to 725 from 3,:
in assessing terrorist attacks. ed from state and local governments and 2001, which included fatalities
' '-Director John 6. Brennan, a 23-year unaccountable to the nation's top-ranking Sept. 11 attacks on New \brk and,1
' *£lA veteran, told reporters yesterday that homeland security official ington. . •
the center will allow the CIA, FBI, Nation- "Rather than increasing the 'effective-- U.S. officials said the decline reflected
al Security Agency and other agencies to ness and clarity of intelligence inte'gration the U.S.-led war oa terrorism.'^!
better "connect the dots" in assessing ter- in our government... this decision risks more attacks were likely. Terrorist <
" rbrist threats by improving the flow of in- increasing bureaucracy and confusion," have been broken up, networks (
' formation within the U.S. intelligence the letter said. ; and plots foiled, but terrorism still j
'community. The American Civil Liberties Union its grim shadow across the globe,"
; "Just by definition, this is very new and and other civil liberties groupf;JjiaVe also tary of State Cohn L. Powell told \.
.very different," Brennan said. "We are not said the TTIC structure is wortfiome be-
going to be doing things in a redundant cause it could allow the CIA and other for- The report said that Libya,!
fashion. What we're trying to do is have eign intelligence agencies to have undue Syria hadmadeprogress in <
TTIC serve as the central hub to provide influence on domestic matters. '*-' rorist activities, but all three'
information and receive information Brennan and other TTIC officials dis- on the United States' list of state sponsors
throughout the government." puted such criticisms during a conference of terrorism.
But many lawmakers and intelligence call with reporters yesterday. Deputy di- The report described Iran as the most
'"experts are taking a cautious view of the rector Jim Bernazzani, an FBI special active sponsor of terrorist violence, called
"threat center concept, which critics view agent, said the threat center will not col- North Korea's response to combating ter-
as a wasteful bureaucracy that will only lect its own intelligence or run counterter- rorism "disappointing;" and said that Cu-
worsen confusion and communication rorism cases. Those tasks will remain ba repeatedly sent agents to U.S. missions
.problems within the intelligence commu- with the FBI and Joint Terrorism Task to provide false leads to subvert the post-
nity. Forces around the country, he said. S«»nt 11 investigation

Pakistani police
said they hut
arrested a top
suspect in ttw
bombing of MM
sat with a hole
blown in its Mi
HI the Yemeni
port of Aden ta


Pakistani Police Arrest
Six Al Qaeda Suspects
By KAMRAN KHAN Bin Attash and Ramzi Binalshibh,
Special to The Washington Post another al Qaeda leader seized in
Pakistan, were Mohammed's top
KARACHI, Pakistan, April 30— lieutenants, Pakistani officials say,
Police have arrested six suspected al and bin Attash had been hiding in
Qaeda operatives, including a lead- Karachi since Mohammed's cap-
ing suspect in the 2000 bombing of ture. In addition, U.S. authorities
the USS Cole, Pakistani officials say they believe bin Attash and Bi-
said today. nalshibh served as trainers for a
Tawfiq hin Attash, a Yemeni citi- group that plotted suicide attacks
zen who has been linked to several last year in the Strait of Gibraltar.
high-ranking al Qaeda leaders, was Intelligence services have said
arrested in this port city "a few days bin Attash was present at a January
ago," according to a senior Paki- 2000 meeting in Malaysia that was
stani intelligence official who spoke also attended by Khalid Almihdhar-
on condition of anonymity. Though and Nawaf Alhazmi, two of the hi-
a police statement released today jackers who carried out the Sept. 11,
said the arrests had taken place on 2001, attacks on the World Trade
Tuesday, the official said bin Attash Center and the Pentagon.
had been taken into custody some- The five other men whose arrests
time earlier and already had been in- were announced today were Paki-
terrogated by U.S. intelligence stanis who worked "hand in glove
agents. with al Qaeda," according to one of-
Bin Attash-—also known by a ficial—a rare acknowledgement by
handful of other names, including an official here that Pakistan's citi-
Tawfiq Attash Khallad—had been zens have worked with bin Laden's
sought by U.S. officials for allegedly organization.
planning the bombing of the Cole, a Scores of foreigners have been ar-
suicide attack that killed 17 U.S. rested in Pakistan on suspicion of al
sailors in October 2000 in the Yeme- Qaeda links since the U.S.-led war in
ni port of Aden. He also is believed neighboring Afghanistan sent them
to have participated in the bombing fleeing across die Afghan-Pakistani
of two U.S. embassies in East Africa border. But officials here have not
in August 1998. spoken publicly about the role Paki-
This is a major-league killer who stanis have played in providing shel-
orchestrated the Cole attack and ter and money for the foreign fugi-
possibly the Africa bombings," a tives. In all, more than 350
CIA officer wrote of bin Attash in suspected al Qaeda members have
2001. been arrested hi Pakistan since the
White House spokesman Ari Sept. 11 attacks.
Fleischer said today that President In addition to the six arrests, offi-
Bush had expressed gratitude to Pa- cials said, they uncovered 330
kistan for a "hopeful and significant pounds of explosives and a few
capture." weapons. Bin Attash, however, ap-
Pakistani police officials said bin parently had no knowledge of the
Attash's arrest stemmed from in- explosives and was not planning any
formation obtained during interro- terrorist operations while hiding in
gation of Khalid Sheik Mohammed, Karachi.
tiie reputed al Qaeda operations
chief who was apprehended in the Staff writer Susan Schmidt in
Pakistani city of Rawalpindi two Washington contributed to this
months ago. report.
, fU& j. Jn.\jR.WJU.i AT**** •-•* -T — — -_ .. —

Libya Accepts Responsibility
For Bombing Over Lockerbie
Acknowledgement Is Key DemandforLifting of Sanctions
Washington Post Foreign Service
signaled that Libya
to compen-
; Doilies. "The
«tfend with the
IjSjmount Ifecs started," he
added t Libyan and
were "partic- ,
'•ecoU si the collection of the
sanctions on the country/^ * apparently indicating
Foreign Miaia$ef ithe government of Moammar
Shalqam said today. would not directly partic-
1 statement ^represents the ^irt the program. ;
concession by Libya, whidvl L. Mack, vice president
agreed to establish >,' *Middle East Institute, said
to compensate families of the.
' I's 270 vktims. Durinif nrf its lard cur-
with lawyers repreW' finance the fund. H« said
_ the families, Libyan offt- [this measure and Shalqam's
said they would pay up to i statement represent sjgoif-
million for each victim in steps to resolve the in-
installments as sanctions l dispute.
, according to U.S. soutc*' represents a huge cc|Bce»-
with the negotiations,, r fbr 'any country to provide
Libya's willingness to aefc t high proportion of it* Uq-
:.Y billion fund represented/ sets to settle this," «aid
ilicit acceptance of respon- , a longtime observer of Ub-
|ty, U.S. and British offices s. "This is a signHteaat
" to call for outright-»c? vledgment of respontibffi-
•eat of a government
the attack, which killed Shalqam's statement •
the airplane and 11 in ' ' satisfies U.S. and U.M 4e-
where it crashed. This s, it could mark the end of a
figured prominently:jn a that has caused yeart of
early last month among I to the victims' famili*. a»
from the three countries, Fas substantial economic lift-
a statement fa file Reuters
agency, Shalqam said today,
have taken oft the responsjbil-
>r this case oji' the basis of the
itional law, which states
.e state takes on responsibil-
what its employees do."
ibyan intelligence agent,* Ab-
Ali Megrahi, waaton-
fc 2001 by a Scottish court
tg out the bombing and
need to life in prison. A sec-
Libyan, Lamen KhaUfa Fhi-
was acquitted by the court,
had convened on a former
BriStary base in the Nether-
wider « deal reached after
yRBS of negotiations.

Hill Panel, CIA-Led Group
Fight Over Sept. 11 Papers
Classified Informatwn Sought on Saudis, Al Qaeda
By DANA PKIEST prosecution. And I'm not sure anything said
P°st Staff Writer by a top intelligence official during public
congressional testimony shouldn't be in this
|e congressional intelligence panel that report"
ated the Sept. 11,2001, terrorist at- CIA spokesman William Harlow said the
i is locked in a dispute with a CIA-led review committee has been reconsidering
nittee over declassifying information the panel's 60 pages of requests. "We expect
nel believes is critical to understand- to have it completed by the end of May," he
ing the attacks and the al Qaeda network, ac- said. The requests involve about 300 pages
cording to panel members and staff. of documents, Harlow said, all of which took
Topping the list of secrets the intelligence time to review. "We hope to have this re-
agency is refusing to make public are un- solved," he said.
resolved allegations, some unearthed by the The joint, bipartisan panel, made up of all
panel during its: investigation,: that Saudi members of the House, and Senate in-
*%plomats and intelligence officers aided the telligence committees, worked for 10
Sppt. 11,2001, hijackers and al Qaeda asso- months investigating CIA, FBI, State De-
ciates living in the United States and abroad. partment and National Security Agency in-
-*; The information about possible Saudi con- telligence dealings, and failures, that led up
nections is among the most sensitive and po- to the Sept, 11,2001, attacks on the World
tentially embarrassing information in an Trade Center and the Pentagon.
800-page report that the joint House-Senate Among the panel's discoveries was that
intelligence panel staff completed several the FBI failed to seek a warrant to search the
^ months ago. Saudi Arabia is considered a computer of Zacarias Moussaoui, who was
U.S. ally, andfts cooperation and bases were arrested weeks before the attacks after rais-
^'oncial to the United States in the war ing suspicions at a Minnesota flight school,
' against Iraq. But 15 of the 19 hijackers were or heed the warnings of a Phoenix FBI agent
* Saudis, and the panel discovered what it be- that terrorists might be training at US.
lieves are other possible links between Saudi flight schools. The Phoenix memo, parts of
government officials and terrorists. which have been published in news "ac-
The FBI and CIA have told the committee counts, is among the items the panel hoj)es
that these issues have been fully investigat- to get declassified.
ed, but some panel members do not agree. The panel held a series of public meetings,
Instead, they worry that the FBI in particular but most of its sessions were held behind
has not fully investigated alleged Saudi links closed doors. It made 19 recommendations
to terrorist suspects in the United States. for improving the U.S. domestic and foreign
"We still don't know if the Saudi activities intelligence system, many of which were
are an official link, whether they were rogue never acted on. A follow-on independent
or sanctioned," one panel staff member said. commission is now reviewing those and oth-
The declassification dispute involves er findings.
much more than the Saudi allegations. After The new commission has also run into dif-
an iflitiaftevlew by a CIA-led declassification ficulties gaining access to intelligence in-
eonumttee, composed of representatives of formation, in part because of long delays in
the various U.S. intelligence agencies, the getting security clearances for its members
congressional panel compiled a 60-page list and staff.
of still-classified information it believed Last week, commission member Timothy
,. should be made public. Some of the items on J. Roemer, a former Democratic House
ike list have been revealed in news accounts, member from Indiana, was denied access to
• public testimony or other public documents. some documents held by the joint inquiry
.Qther; ttems included information the panel panel.
• n^t believe was properly ckssified and The refusal stemmed from an agreement
not harm national security if made between the White House and the commis-
sion's leadership allowing the administra-
Bat the CIA-led committee has refused to tion to review three sensitive transcripts be-
bodge on its initial review, a position that fore they were released. The standoff was
has angered Rep. Porter J. Goss (R-Fla.), settled yesterday when the White House
chairman of the House intelligence cornmit- said it would not oppose release of the mate-
«tie, and Sen. Bob Graham (D-Fla.), former rial to the commission, officials said.
rtlnldfig member of the Senate intelligence But Roemer, who had participated in the
committee. joint House-Senate inquiry as a lawmaker,
"We were promised cooperation, and I said last week that the White House should
don't think we've gotten it," Goss said. He not have the ability to cut special deals over
and Graham have asked for meetings with information access. "This, by statute, is pre-
CIA Director George J. Tenet and FBI Direc- cisely the kind of fundamental information
tor Robert S. Mueller IE to push the matter. we are obligated to have," Roemer said.
"The report is not going forward. I want to
get it out," Goss said. "I don't see the nexus Staff writer Dan E&en contributed to this
between sources and methods or an active report.
JA1 Qaeda
jLeader's Kin
|Is Captured
I Reuters
! A nephew of senior al Qaeda
'leader Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
j was among six people detained this
I week in Pakistan, U.S. officials said
j yesterday.
I The nephew, AliAbdal-Aziz also
I known as Ammar al-Baluchi, is in
' his mid-twenties and was captured
by Pakistani authorities in a raid
I that also netted a suspected mas-
I termind of the bombing of the USS
(Cole in October 2000, officials

I *Time magazine on its Web site,
, citing U.S. officials, said Aziz fun-
I neled nearly $120,000 to ringlead-
i er Mohammed Atta and other Sept.
111,2001, hijackers to finance their
[ flight lessons and living expenses
to the United States.

Karachi Arrests Break Up Al Qaeda Plan for
by thePakt
Washington Post Staff Writer _, .vice, two U.S,
—,—, — fiush administra-
U.S. and Pakistani authorities the USS? Cole in 2000, U.S. in- tion official said the group had nqt
have broken up an al Qaeda plan to telligence officials said. The arrests yet obtained an airplane, but be*
fly an explosives-laden aircraft into led to the discovery of hundreds of lieved they were dose to gaining ac-
the U.S. consulate in Karachi, a sui- pounds of high explosives, as well as cesstoone.
cide plot reminiscent of the Sept. grenades, assault rifles and det- The information prompted an uf •;
11, 2001, attacks that shows the onators hidden in several different gent analysis and warning from thia
weakened terrorist network is still caches, Pakistani and U.S. officials new Terrorist Threat Integration
capable of pursuing serious as- say. Center, an intelligence clearing1
saults, officials said yesterday. The details of the aerial assatilt house run by the CIA, senates said.
The plan was Med by the arrests plan, which watt Hearing fruitioa,
earlier this week in Karachi erf six came from the suspects themselves ,SeeATB4GK,A16,Cpi. 1- ' .

I EIACK, Froi»41
Ine Depar|(Bent of Homeland Secu-
r jyj||urBs privately issued an i "
Waiy about the plot on 1~~
Authorities said that although But authorities also said the case
there is no information indicating , further evidence of the success
specific plans for a similar attack a*, U.S. intelligence and law en-
$:S. sou, the plot underscore* * ; agencies and their allies
Qaeda's continued "fixation" on Ǥ- at-
ing airplanes as weapons. U.S. affi-
<$ab also note that al Qaeda open- the six men arrested in
frequently aim for multiple [ were Tawfiq bin Attash, a
national who allegedly
it reliable reporting indi- the October 2000 suicide
that al Qaeda was in the tate of the USS Cole that killed
of planning an aerial suicide J.S. sailors in the Yemeni port of
Attack against the U.S. Consulate in , and Ali Abd Aziz, the nephew
(arachi," said the advisory, which captured al Qaeda lieutenant
vas posted yesterday on the Air- i has been identified by the FBI
Oraft Owners and Pilots Association i key paymaster in the Sept. 11
itives were planning to i Attash, called "a major-league
a small fixed-wing aircraft or ' by one CIA officer, also is be-
with explosives to have played a role in or-
crash it into the consulate," it read. the bombings of two
IJtis plot and a similar plot last . embassies in East Africa in Au-
jtoff to fly a small explosive-laden 1998, and attended a January
9 fecraft into a U.S. warship in the ) meeting in Malaysia with two
1 ersian Gulf demonstrate al Qae- <tf the Sept. 11 hijackers.
4a's continued fixation with using : Aziz is the nephew of al Qaeda's
explosive-laden small aircraft hi at- Operations chief, Khalid Sheik Mo-
tpcks." lammed, who was captured in Paki-
i The advisory also warned that stan on March 1 and is being in-
Ae potential destruction from such terrogated at an undisclosed
al attack would be "the equivalent location. FBI Director Robert S.
of a medium-sized truck bomb." Mueller m identified Adz in testi-
i The notice was issued on the
same day that the State Department
Warned Americans to avoid travel to
Saudi Arabia because of "credible"
information indicating al Qaeda
plans for an attack on U.S. targets
there. President Bush, in his ad-
dress to the nation Thursday night
from the deck of the USS Abraham
{ancob, warned that "the war on
tJHTor is not over" and said al Qaeda
i "wounded, not destroyed."
U.S. to Release About
Detainees at Guantanamo
Many More Cases May Be Decided Soon
By JOHN MINTZ whether to prosecute, continue
and GLENN KESSLEH interrogating or release the 660
Washington Post Staff Writers detainees held at the detention
facility, U*S. government officials
U.S. military officials are pre- said.
paring to release about 15 pris- "It was decided that there
oners from the U.S. Navy prison would be a process, that we
at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in would resolve each case, one way
coming days, the first group of a or the other," a senior State De-
much larger number of inmates partment official said.
there whose cases are expected The agreement between top
to be resolved soon as a result of officials of the two agencies,
discussions between top officials reached about three weeks ago
at the Defense and State depart- amid pressure from some of the
ments. 42 nations with citizens held at
After months of conversations Guantanamo Bay, could mean
and exchanges of letters between that the cases of substantial num-
Defense Secretary Donald H. bers of inmates might be re-
Rumsfeld and Secretary of State solved in coming months, offi-
Colin L. Powell, the two agencies cials said. Until now, the United
have agreed that the Pentagon States has declined to say how
will expedite decisions about long it would hold the al Qaeda
and Taliban fighters captured in
• AJQMdabsakJtobe
nearly crippled. I See GUANTANAMO, A16, Col. 1

Some at Guantanamo to Be Set Free
GUANTANAMO, FromAl have grown more insistent. "As time could start soon if top government of-
goes on, they're getting more urgent," ficials give the order.
Afghanistan. the official said. Human rights groups repeated
Pentagon officials declined to state State Department spokeswoman pleas yesterday that the U.S. govern-
yesterday which nations the men to be Nancy Beck said that "we're continu- ment not leave the 660 prisoners in
released come from, but said it is pos- ing discussions with a number [of na- Cuba in legal limbo.
sible authorities in their home coun- tions] regarding appropriate forums "All of the prisoners held at Guanta-
tries will imprison them until they are for prosecution, the possibility of namo should be charged or released,"
satisfied the inmates pose no risk. transferring their nationals back to said Vienna Cohicci, a spokeswoman
Government officials said that the them for some action, or the possibil- for Amnesty International. The U.S.
State Department, in response to ity that some detainees will be re- should guarantee prompt and fair re-
some foreign governments' com- leased." view of aH prisoners' cases, and not re-
plaints about the detentions of pris- So far the U.S. military has freed 23
oners in Cuba, had urged Rumsfeld to Guantanamo detainees, all of them ular allied countries."
move as quickly as possible on the de- from Afghanistan. The first prisoner Rumsfeld said the process of sort-
tentions, which have lasted as long as repatriated was suffering from a se- ing through the detainees takes time.
16 months. Rumsfeld said he, too, vere mental disturbance, and two lat- "One of the reasons it's complicat-
wants the cases resolved as quickly as er groups of prisoners were returned ed is because some of the agencies are
possible. after it was determined they posed no focusing on law enforcement," Rums-
"Colin's job is to represent those terrorist threat. feld said. "What have these people
countries into this interagency pro- Almost all the prisoners said they done wrong that might lead to a law
cess [considering what to do with had been relatively well treated at the enforcement action in our country or
each prisoner] to see if there isn't jail, though some complained that another country?
some way we can speed that up," they had been treated roughly or dis- "Other people, like the]
Rumsfeld told reporters on Sunday. T courteously during earlier detention of
would like to see it move faster. in Afghanistan. Agency,
**• *&£- --"fsyyi^ff-- .-*:"•-*-
"We have no desire to hold a lot of Last week, Pentagon officials said elhgence gather
these people," Rumsfeld added. "We they had drawn up a short list of al- said. "What do these-
would much prefer that other coun- leged members of the al Qaeda terror- that we can get fromther in-
tries hold them. If s a very slow pro- ist network held in Cuba who they are terrogations, ;sW^at ^ in fact,
cess." considering for trial before special stop future terrorist atl So it's a
A senior State Department official military tribunals. They also said they complicated pro it is not any-
said foreign governments' complaints had finished drawing up rules for the where near as J T Secretary
about the duration of the detentions trials, indicating the proceedings Powell or fy