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1 Question a day! Plan your time wisely!!!!
Each question not completed will result in a compulsory tutorial at lunchtime.
Use my e-mail address , the blog site and your normal texts
to help you.

1. Find the solubility product for the three substances given.
a. Calcium Carbonate (solubility 0.013g L-1)
b. Calcium hydroxide (solubility 1.2g L-1)
c. Calcium phosphate (solubility 0.02gL-1)

2. Here are the solubility product values for four sulfides.
CuS Ks = 6.3 x 10-36
CoS Ks = 4.0 x 10-21
Ag2S Ks = 6.3 x 10-50
MnS Ks = 2.5 x 10-10

a. Which are the most soluble and least soluble substances?
b. You have a 1 litre container of a solution containing Cu2+, Co2+, Ag+
and Mn2+ aqueous ions. Each ion type is at a concentration of 0.01
molL-1. Hydrogen sulphide is bubbled into the solution and a sulphide
ion concentration of 1.3 x 10-17 molL-1 is set up. What is the ionic
product of the sulfides of each of the aqueous ions?
c. There is a precipitate produced, what compounds are in the precipitate?

3. Calculate the solubility of iron II hydroxide in a) water b) 0.01 mol L-1 NaOH
c) 0.01 mol L-1 Fe(NO3)2 Ks (Fe(OH)2 = 8 x 10-16

4. The pKa values for methanoic and ethanoic acids are 3.75 and 4.76
respectively. Calculate the pH of a solution of 0.00200 mol L-1 of each acid.

5. Here are four acids and their pKa values

Azoic acid HN3 pKa 4.72
Hydrocyanic acid HCN pKa 9.22
Methanoic acid HCOOH pKa 3.75
Thiocyanic acid HSCN pKa 0.85

a. Which are the strongest and weakest acids?
b. Write an equation for each acid reacting with water.
c. Underline the conjugate base of each acid in the equations from (b)….
look up these in your Y12 notes if you’ve forgotten.

6 Milk of magnesia is a common antacid, saturated with Mg(OH)2 in water. It
appears milky when shaken because the undissolved Mg(OH)2 becomes dispersed
as fine particles. The following equilibrium exists.
Mg(OH)2(s)   Mg2+(aq) + 2OH-(aq) Ks(Mg(OH)2) = 1.8 x 10-11
a. Which species in milk of magnesia has a concentration equal to the
solubility of Mg(OH)2 in water, Mg2+, OH-, or H3O+?
b. Calculate the concentration of Mg2+ in the saturated solution.
c. Calculate the pH of the saturated solution.

100mL of freshly shaken milk of magnesia is mixed with 100mL of water in a beaker
A. The mixture is stirred vigorously. After stirring, undissolved Mg(OH)2 settles at
the bottom of the beaker.

d. Is the concentration of Mg2+ in the diluted solution more than, less than or
the same as the concentrated solution of milk of magnesia? Justify your

100mL of the solution in beaker A, is removed without taking any undissolved solid.
On mixing this solution with 100mL of 0.10 mol L-1 KOH in beaker B a precipitate
e. Write the equation for the reaction which results in the formation of the
f. Is the concentration of Mg2+ in beaker B more than, less than or the same
as beaker A? Justify your answer.

7 Lead Chromate is the pigment ‘chrome yellow’. The equation for the equilibrium
in a saturated solution of lead chromate is.

PbCrO4(s)   Pb2+(aq) + CrO42-(aq)

a) Calculate the concentration of CrO42- ions in a saturated solution of lead
chromate. Ks Pb(CrO4) = 1.8 x 10-14

Lead chromate can be prepared using aqueous Lead II nitrate and aqueous
potassium chromate. IN one preparation of lead chromate 30mL of 0.100 mol L-1
Lead nitrate is mixed with 20mL of 0.100 mol L-1 potassium chromate.

b) Calculate the concentration of Pb2+ and CrO42- ions in the solution.