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Music Script Reunion . . . . Scatter and say hello to each other. Abby: Oh. I just miss Grade 10.

I miss our noisy section Klaire: I know right. Fatima was na stress that time. Right Fatima? Fatima: Oh yes I was but it was fun and unforgettable. Shannah: What do you miss so much in our lessons? Louise: Oh I just miss the lesson in Music the MUSIC OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD Neil: Oh I remember! And my daughter needs us to help her about that lesson All: Yes! We are willing to help. Michelle: Thank You Titas OK LET US START. Abby: The significant quality of the Romantic period is the importance of feelings and imagination. Klaire: Yes, so in other words the basic quality of Romantic Period is emotional subjectivity. Neil: Michelle, please take note Shannah: During this period many new forms like the art song emerged. Abby: So now let us start with the Different musical forms and the Program music and Composers. Fatima: The different musical forms during the Romantic Period are the Art Song and Piano Music. Art Song is a composition for solo voice and piano. It is poetic and its tone is lyrical. Song, short lyric or narrative text set to music. The music often reproduces the mood of and lends a heightened emotional expression to the song's text, which is often a poem. Art Song composers can use the through-composed form following the thoughts of a poem where the music changes from stanza depending on the meaning of the words, Strophic from, always applied in folk songs; it is also where the same music is used in each stanza of the poem. The Piano is a large-stringed musical instrument with a keyboard invented by an expert harpsichord maker, Bartolomeo Cristofori. It is also called the pianoforte; it differs from its predecessors principally in the introduction of a hammer-and-lever action that allows the player to modify the intensity of sound by the stronger or weaker touch of the finger. Piano is derived from the well-known keyboard instruments in 17th Century : Clavichord: where iron strings are struck with tangent (small metal blades). It is not loud enough for a large performance. Harpsichord: where strings are plucked with quills. It could not make gradual changes in loudness and softness until Cristofori produce the first harpsichord in 1709. The keys of the piano operate a small, felt covered hammer that strikes and vibrates the steel wire. Strings are mounted on a wooden frame. Piano produce sounds from softness (pianissismo) to the loudest (fortissismo) range. Musical Forms of Piano Etude is a French word which means study. It is a musical composition for a solo instrument designed to practice some special points of techniques. Nocturne is a romantic and poetic night piece which is filled with sentimental moods. It is generally thought of as tranquil, expressive and lyrical, and sometimes, gloomy.

Prelude is a short piece for piano. It is an introduction to a musical composition that is performed as independent solo piano pieces. Neil: So let us go to Program Music, it is a type of instrumental music designed to depict an emotion, mood, scene, story or event. Shannah: It is a narrative or descriptive kind of music. The four main forms of Orchestral Program: 1. Program Symphony is a composition for the orchestra that narrates a story. It is mainly focuses on elements for nature like winds, seas and all. The story narrated is about mystery, witchcraft, death and other emotions. 2. Concerto Overture is a sonata form with one movement that is patterned from the opera overture which also has one movement that develops opera mood. 3. Symphonic Poem or Tone Poem is a one movement orchestral composition that generates a poetic idea, creates a mood and develops a scene 4. Incidental Music is a composition that set the mood for a specific scene. It is heard before during a performance or play of stage drama. Michelle: Romantic Period really put a big contribution to Music. Louise: Yes it has so let us talk about the Composers of the Romantic period expressed themselves freely and personally. Klaire: Thats right Louise and we will start with the Romantic Period Composers Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Austrian composer who is considered the greatest of all art song composers and who excelled at chamber music, piano music, and orchestral music. His reputation as the father of German lieder (art songs) rests on a body of more than 600 songs, which rank among the masterpieces of 19thcentury romanticism. His instrumental works bridge the classical tradition of the 18th century and the romanticism of the 19th, borrowing the structures of the former and incorporating the emotionalism of the latter. Johannes Brahms (1833-1897), German composer. Brahms came from a family of musicians. His music is mostly absolute that is, no extra musical images or ideas. He was able to compose around 200 songs. He is also considered as one of the significant lied composer like Schubert. Brahms develop cancer while finishing one of his piano pieces, his sickness worsen and eventually, he died on April 3, 1897 and was buried in Vienna Frederic Francois Chopin (1810-1049), Polish composer of music for piano. Chopin was born on March 1, 1810 in Warsaw, Poland. He also came from a family of musicians. Chopin is considered as one of the leading composers of the Romantic Period. His music is among the greatest ever written in Piano. Historians say that Chopin was the only composer who wrote almost exclusively for piano. He is known as the Poet of the Piano On October 17, 1849 at the age of 39, Chopin died of tuberculosis. Hector Berlioz (1803-1869), French composer. He is one of the famous composers of program symphony. His first compositions were romances and small chamber pieces. He studied medicine for his carrier chosen by his father; he was unhappy but after two years he shifted to what he really want that is Music. One of his famous work is the Symphonie Fantastique Symphonie Fantastique (1831) in reaction to the intense and unreciprocated passion he felt for Irish actress Harriet Smithson. The work was considered by Berlioz to be a musical drama that should be presented without written programs in the hopes that it would of itself, and irrespective of any dramatic aim, offer interest in the musical sense alone. As a result, each powerful movement in the work stands on its own in its ability to evoke a particular mood, character, and image.

Richard Strauss (1864-1949), German composer and conductor, a leading composer for the modern orchestra and a master of composing for the human voice. He was born on June 11, 1864 in Munich, Germany. He received thorough and conservative musical trainings from his father during his youth and began to compose and an early age. He died on September 8, 1049 in Germany. Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1047) German composer, one of the leading figures of early 19th-century European romanticism. He was born in Hamburg, Germany on February 3, 1809. His romanticism shows most clearly in his use of orchestral color and in his fondness for program music depicting places, events, or personalities. Structurally, Mendelssohn's music adheres to classical forms. It is lyrical and graceful, always clear, and never revolutionary. Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826), German composer, pianist, and conductor, who helped inaugurate the Romantic Movement in German music. Weber was born November 18, 1786, in Eutin, near Lbeck. He later worked for members of the German nobility; was conductor of the Prague opera, which he revitalized; and from 1816 was director of the newly organized German opera in Dresden, where Italian opera had long reigned supreme. He also toured extensively as a pianist. Richard Wagner (1813-1883), German composer, conductor, and essayist, one of the most influential cultural figures of the 19th century. Through his creative work and his theoretical writings, Wagner revolutionized the concept and structure of opera. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893), Russian composer, the foremost composer of the 19th century. Tchaikovsky is known for his colorful, romantic music and his unusual melodic gifts. Michelle: Hooo! Finally WERE DONE. Thank You Dad and Titas for helping me out. This can really help me in my report this coming Monday All except Neil: Youre Welcome Abby: It was our favorite topic you know. Louise: Yes because we are groupmates that time when we reported this Klaire: Haha. Yes, I remember we reported this in Simulation Room with Grade 10Righteousness and Madam Gupaoco. Fatima: Yes! I remember and we finish at exactly 4:00 PM Neil: Thank You for helping my daughter. Its good to see you again. Youll forever be my group. All: Yes we will be forever the Romantic Period Group Abby: If you need help just call us and well teach you everything