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# AP Statistics Name___________________________________________________ Show work for any calculations as well as provide reasons for ALL answers.

1. The histograms below represent the distribution of five different data sets, each containing 28 integers, from 1 through 7, inclusive. The horizontal and vertical scales are the same for all graphs. Which graph represents the data set with the largest standard deviation?

2. The histogram below represents data obtained after the census of an entire population was conducted. The sampling distribution of the sample mean based on samples of size 2 for the population was histogram of the results was the following histograms is most that sampling distribution?

## simulated, and a produced. Which of likely the histogram of

3. The graphs of the sampling distribution, I and II, of the sample mean of the same random variable for samples of two different sizes are shown above. Which of the following must be true about the sample sizes?

## sample sample sample sample sample

size of I is less than the sample size of II. size of I is greater than the sample size of II. size of I is equal to the sample size of II. size does not affect the sampling distribution. sizes cannot be compared based on these graphs.

4. Five estimators for a parameter are being evaluated. The true value of the parameter is 0. Simulations of 100 random samples, each of size n, are drawn from the population. For each simulated sample, the five estimators are computed. The histograms below display the simulated sampling distributions for the five estimators. Which simulated sampling distribution is associated with the best estimator for this parameter?

USE THE FOLLOWING TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 5 & 6: Every Thursday, Matt and Daves Video Venture has roll-the-dice day. A customer may choose to roll two fair dice and rent a second movie for an amount (in cents) equal to the numbers uppermost on the dice with the larger number first. For example, if the customer rolls a two and a four, a second movie may be rented for \$0.42. If a two and a two are rolled, a second movie may be rented for \$0.22. Let X represent the amount paid for a second movie on roll-the-dice day. The expected value of X is \$0.47 and the standard deviation of X is \$0.15. 5. If a customer rolls the dice and rents a second movie every Thursday for 20 consecutive weeks, what is the total amount that the customer would expect to pay for these second movies? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) \$0.45 \$0.47 \$0.67 \$3.00 \$9.40

6. If a customer rolls the dice and rents a second movie every Thursday for 30 consecutive weeks, what is the approximate probability that the total amount paid for these second movies will exceed \$15.00? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 0 0.09 0.14 0.86 0.91

7. The population {2, 3, 5, 7} has = 4.25 and = 1.92. When sampling with replacement, there are 16 different possible samples of size 2 that can be selected from this population. The mean of each of these 16 samples is computed. For example, 1 of the 16 samples is (2,5) which has a mean of 3.5. The distribution of the 16 sample means has its own mean x and its own standard deviation x . Which of the following statements is true? (a) x = 4.25 and x = 1.92 (b) x = 4.25 and x > 1.92 (c) x = 4.25 and x < 1.92 (d) x > 4.25 (e) x < 4.25

8. A recent survey concluded that the proportion of American teenagers who have a cell phone is 0.27. The true population proportion of American teenagers who have a cell phone is 0.29. For sample size 1,000 that are selected at random from this population, what are the mean and standard deviation, respectively, for the sampling distribution of the sample proportion of American teenagers who have a cell phone? (a) 0.27, (b) 0.27, (c) 0.27, (d) 0.29, (e) 0.29,
1000(0.27)(0.73)

## (0.29)(0.71) 1000 (0.27)(0.73) 1000 (0.29)(0.71) 1000

1000(0.29)(0.71)

9. Julie generates a sample of 20 random integers between 0 and 9 inclusive. She records the number of 6s in the sample. She repeats this process 99 more times, recording the number of 6s in each sample. What kind of distribution has she simulated? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The The The The The sampling distribution of the sample proportion with n = 20 and p = 0.6 sampling distribution of the sample proportion with n = 100 and p = 0.1 binomial distribution with n = 20 and p = 0.1 binomial distribution with n = 100 and p = 0.1 binomial distribution with n = 20 and p = 0.6

10. Suppose that public opinion in a large city is 65 percent in favor of increasing taxes to support the public school system and 35 percent against such an increase. If a random sample of 500 people from this city are interviewed, what is the approximate probability that more than 200 of these people will be against increasing taxes?

(a)

(b)

## 50 20 30 (0.65) (0.35) 20 5 0 20 30 (0.35) (0.65) 20

(c)

z>

0.40 0.65 (0.65)(0.35) 500 0.40 0.35 (0.4)(0.6) 500 0.40 0.35 (0.35)(0.65) 500
D, C, B, B, E, C, C, D, C, E

(d)

z>

(e)

z>