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USING CONTENT BASED WRITING APPROACH TO IMPROVE WRITING

SKILLS AND PERFORMANCES AMONG YEAR 4 PUPILS IN SK CLIFFORD

ZAHARUDDIN BIN ABDULLAH

LAPORAN AKHIR INI DIKEMUKAKAN UNTUK


MEMENUHI SEBAHAGIAN DARIPADA SYARAT MEMPEROLEH IJAZAH
SARJANA MUDA PENGAJARAN DENGAN KEPUJIAN

FAKULTI PENDIDIKAN DAN BAHASA


OPEN UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA
2009

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Abstract

The study intends to investigate the level of effectiveness of Content Based


Writing as an enhancement to students’ skills and performances in writing. Creating a
chance for the students to write in a free environment and not too stress about the rules
and guide that have been making them rigid and not creative at all. This paper presents a
new technique in improving pupils writing. This technique is already famous in USA,
UK and Canada for teaching students who is an ESL learner. The integration of language
and content has been a growing phenomenon in the language field since the early 1980s.
The main aim of the project is to give pupils not just language but content and
information also a stress free and enjoyable lesson that will make them enjoy and not
drilled up to exhaustion in typical classroom lesson. The theoretical assumption which
emphasizes a combination of product and process oriented approaches are taken into
consideration for both language and content. It is implemented in SK Clifford. The
timeframe was 10 months from Jan 2008 to October 2008.
The study adopts the Pretest Posttest Two Group Design. The research attempts to
measure the level of effectiveness between groups. It will also adopt two approaches in
data collecting, quantitative and qualitative. Quantity here is the results or marks of the
writing examination and the quality is their writing skills and mastery of the talent.
In the quantitative data collection the research uses use norm-referenced tests (Pretest and
Posttest). One exam paper using section C and note expansion base on UPSR format.
The used of this test will definitely answer the needs of the study to find out the students
potential and their level. The researcher marks the anwers by himself.
For the qualitative data. There will be a questionaire for the final results and to
seek the students satissfaction and emotions on how did they feel after the lesson for 10
months and how are they now.

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DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the work in this thesis is my own except for quotations and
summaries which have been duly acknowledged.

Date : 24/04/2009 Signature

Name ZAHARUDDIN BIN ABDULLAH

Matrik No. 79071206544002

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Thanks to The Almighty, at last this most important academic paper for my graduation is
finally completed in spite of all the challenges and obstacles faced. It has changes the
way I think and solve a problem.
I would like to express my deep and sincere gratitude to my supervisor Cik Raja
Norita binti Raja Shamsudin. Her wide knowledge and her logical way of thinking have
been of great value for me. Her understanding, encouraging and personal guidance have
provided a good basis for the present thesis.
To the headmaster of SK Clifford, a warm thank you for allowing me to carry out
the test instrument in our school. During this work I have collaborated with my
colleagues (English teachers) for whom I have great regard, and I wish to extend my
warmest thanks to all those who have helped me with my work.
To the students (Year 4 Effective) my gratitude to them for their co-operation and
assistance in carrying out the Content Based Approach into their classroom.
I owe my loving thanks to my wife and my daughter. They have lost a lot due to
my research. Without their encouragement and understanding it would have been
impossible for me to finish this work.

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Content

CHAPTER ONE
Abstract
1.1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.2 Background of the study 1
1.3 Statement of The Problem 2
1.4 Aim of the Study 3
1.5 Objectives of the Study 3
1.6 Research Questions 4
1.7 Research hypothesis 4
1.8 Significance of the Research 5
1. 9 Limitation of the Study 6
1.10 Definition of Terms 6
1.11 Summary 9

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Why Teach Writing? 10


2.2 Best Practices in Content Based Writing 10
2.3 Related Literature 11
2.4 Summary 12

CHAPTER THREE

3.1 Research Design 13


3.2 Sample
13
3.3 Instruments 14
3.4 Data Analysis 16

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CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Respondent’s Names 17


4.2 Respondent’s Names AND Marks for Pretest 19
4.3 Analysis of the Dependent-T Pretest marks 21
4.4 Respondent’s Names AND Marks for Posttest 23
4.5 Analysis of the Dependent-T Posttest marks 25
4.6 Analysis of the questionnaire 27

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Introduction 29
5.2 Research Summary 30
5.3 Results and Discussion 30
5.4 Suggestions To Improve Future Lessons 31
5.5 Suggestions for further Research 32

References 33

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