You are on page 1of 16

Candidate

Centre Number Number

Candidate Name

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE


General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

CHEMISTRY 5070/4
PAPER 4 Alternative to Practical
MAY/JUNE SESSION 2001 1 hour

Candidates answer on the question paper.


No additional materials required.

TIME 1 hour

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.
Answer all questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided on the question paper.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
You should use names, not symbols, when describing all reacting chemicals and the products formed.
Mathematical tables are available.

FOR EXAMINER’S USE

This question paper consists of 16 printed pages.


SB (CW/KN) QF10460/4
© UCLES 2001 [Turn over
2 For
Examiner’s
Use
1 (a) Which of the following pieces of apparatus is best used for accurately measuring
25.0 cm3 of a liquid?

A B C

50

40 10 20 30 40 50

30
25
20 cm3

10

......................................................................................................................................[1]

(b) Name the piece of apparatus that you have chosen.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

2 A student placed 100 cm3 of 0.100 mol / dm3 ammonia in a beaker.

A piece of litmus paper was dipped into the solution.

(a) (i) What colour was the litmus paper in the solution?

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) How could the pH of the solution be measured?

...................................................................................................................................
[2]

5070/4 Jun01
3 For
Examiner’s
Use
The ammonia was neutralised by the addition of dilute nitric acid and a salt was formed.

(b) (i) Name the salt.

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) Give the chemical formula of the salt.

...................................................................................................................................

(iii) The student produced some crystals of the salt from the solution.

How was this done?

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[4]

(c) The salt is used industrially as a fertiliser. Which element in the fertiliser is necessary for
the growth of plants?

......................................................................................................................................[1]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


4 For
Examiner’s
Use
3 A student electrolyses aqueous copper(II) sulphate, using carbon electrodes. The apparatus
is shown below.

+ –
A B
carbon electrodes

aqueous copper(II) sulphate

After a few minutes, a pink solid is deposited on one electrode and a gas is evolved at the
other electrode.

(a) (i) At which electrode, A or B, is the pink solid deposited?

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) Name this pink solid.

...................................................................................................................................

(iii) Name the gas evolved at the other electrode.

...................................................................................................................................

(iv) Give a test for this gas.

test ............................................................................................................................

result .........................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[4]

How does the colour of the electrolyte change during the electrolysis?

(b) (i) from ........................................................... to ...........................................................

(ii) Why does the change take place?

...................................................................................................................................
[3]

5070/4 Jun01
5 For
Examiner’s
Use
Eventually, no more of the pink solid is formed. Instead, a gas is given off from the electrode.

(c) (i) Name this gas.

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) Give a test for this gas.

test ............................................................................................................................

result .........................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................[2]

In questions 4 to 7, place a tick against the best answer.

4 A student converted starch into ethanol by a process involving two stages. An acid was used
in stage A and yeast in stage B.

A B
STARCH → SUGAR → ETHANOL

What are the stages A and B?

A B

(a) distillation → esterification

(b) distillation → fermentation

(c) hydrolysis → esterification

(d) hydrolysis → fermentation


[1]

5 In which of the following reactions is hydrogen not produced?

(a) magnesium and hydrochloric acid

(b) sodium and water

(c) calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid

(d) iron and steam


[1]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


6 For
Examiner’s
Use
6 Substance Y was added to aqueous bromine. The colour of the bromine changed from
brown to colourless.

What could Y have been?

(a) H H H

H C C C H

H H H

(b) H H

H C C O H

H H

(c) H H H

H C C C

H H

(d) H
O
H C C
O H
H
[1]

5070/4 Jun01
7 For
Examiner’s
Use
7 A student added 10.0 cm3 of 0.100 mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid to an excess of zinc pieces.
The volume of hydrogen produced was recorded at time intervals until no more gas was
produced. This was experiment P.

The experiment was repeated using 10.0 cm3 of 0.100 mol / dm3 sulphuric acid and an
excess of zinc powder. This was experiment Q.

Which of the following graphs was obtained?

(a) (b)

volume Q volume
Q
of H2 of H2
–––––– ––––––
cm3 cm3
P
P
0 0
0 time/s 0 time/s

(c) (d)

Q Q
volume volume
of H2 of H2
–––––– ––––––
cm3 P cm3 P

0 0
0 time/s 0 time/s

[1]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


8 For
Examiner’s
Use
8 M CO3 is a metal carbonate.

A student did an experiment to find


• the relative molecular mass of M CO3
• the relative atomic mass of M.

A sample of M CO3 was added to a previously weighed container which was then
re-weighed.

Mass of container + M CO3 = 9.01 g


Mass of container = 7.98 g

(a) Calculate the mass of M CO3 used in the experiment.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

The sample was placed in a volumetric flask to which 50.0 cm3 of 1.00 mol / dm3 hydrochloric
acid (an excess) were added. A gas was evolved.

(b) (i) Name the gas.

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) Give a test for the gas.

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[2]

When no more gas was evolved, the solution was made up to 250 cm3 with distilled
water. This was solution R.

A 25.0 cm3 sample of R was transferred to a titration flask and a few drops of methyl
orange indicator were added.

Then, 0.100 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide was run into R from a burette until an end point
was reached.

(c) What was the colour change of the methyl orange?

The colour changed from ............................................ to .............................................[2]

5070/4 Jun01
9 For
Examiner’s
Use
(d) Three such titrations were done. Parts of the burette with liquid levels before and after
each titration are shown below.

first titration second titration third titration

0 24 2 28 21 46

1 25 3 29 22 47

2 26 4 30 23 48

3 27 5 31 24 49

Use the above diagrams to complete the following results table.

titration number first second third

Final burette reading / cm3

Initial burette reading / cm3

Volume of 0.100 mol / dm3 sodium


hydroxide required / cm3

Best titration results (✔)

Summary

Tick the best titration results. Using these results, the average volume of 0.100 mol / dm3

sodium hydroxide was ..................... cm3. [4]

(e) Calculate how many moles of sodium hydroxide are in the average volume of
0.100 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide in (d).

......................................................................................................................................[1]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


10 For
Examiner’s
Use
. (f) Using the equation

NaOH + HCl → NaCl + H2O

calculate how many moles of hydrochloric acid are in 25.0 cm3 of R.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

(g) Calculate how many moles of hydrochloric acid are in 250 cm3 solution of R.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

(h) Calculate how many moles of hydrochloric acid were originally taken in 50.0 cm3 of
1.00 mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

(j) By subtracting your answer (g) from (h), calculate how many moles of hydrochloric acid
reacted with the M CO3.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

(k) One mole of M CO3 reacts with two moles of hydrochloric acid.

Calculate how many moles of M CO3 were present in the original sample.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

5070/4 Jun01
11 For
Examiner’s
Use
(l) (Ar: C,12; O,16)

Using your answers to (k) and (a), calculate

(i) the mass of one mole M CO3,

(ii) the relative atomic mass of M.

...............................................................................................................................[3]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


12 For
Examiner’s
Use
9 The following table shows the tests a student did on V, an anhydrous salt, and the
conclusions made from the observations.

Complete the table by describing these observations and suggest the test and observations
which led to the conclusion from test 4.

test observation conclusion


1 V was dissolved in water V is a compound of
and the solution divided a transition metal.
into three parts for tests 2,
3 and 4.

2 (a) To the first part,


aqueous sodium
hydroxide was added
until a change was
seen. V may contain Fe3+
ions.
(b) An excess of aqueous
sodium hydroxide was
added to the mixture
from (a).

3 (a) To the second part,


aqueous ammonia The presence of
was added until a Fe3+ ions is
change was seen. confirmed.

(b) An excess of aqueous


ammonia was added
to the mixture from
(a).

4
V contains Cl – ions.

Conclusions

The formula for V is .............................................................................................................[9]

5070/4 Jun01
13 For
Examiner’s
Use
10 When sulphuric acid was added to aqueous sodium hydroxide, a rise in temperature was
observed.

A student added dilute sulphuric acid from a burette to 1.00 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide,
using the apparatus shown below.

The temperature both of the sodium hydroxide and of the sulphuric acid was 25 °C.

burette

thermometer
dilute
sulphuric
acid
stirrer

insulated beaker

1.00 mol/dm3
sodium hydroxide

20.0 cm3 sample of 1.00 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide was placed in the beaker. To the
20.0 cm3 of sodium hydroxide, 5.0 cm3 of sulphuric acid were added from the burette and the
temperature was recorded. Further 5.0 cm3 portions of acid were added and each time the
temperature was recorded.

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


14 For
Examiner’s
Use
The diagrams below show the parts of the thermometer stem giving the temperatures after
the addition of 5.0 cm3, 15.0 cm3, 25.0 cm3 and 35.0 cm3 of sulphuric acid.

30 35 35 35

25 30 30 30

20 25 25 25

Addition of Addition of Addition of Addition of


5.0 cm3 of 15.0 cm3 of 25.0 cm3 of 35.0 cm3 of
sulphuric acid sulphuric acid sulphuric acid sulphuric acid

(a) Use the diagram to complete the following table.

volume of sulphuric temperature


acid added / cm3 / °C

0 25

5.0

15.0

25.0

35.0

45.0 28
[2]

5070/4 Jun01
15 For
Examiner’s
Use
(b) Plot these results on the grid below. Join up the points with two straight lines which
intersect and use the resulting graph to answer the questions below.

35

30

temperature
/°C

25

20
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

volume of sulphuric acid


added / cm3
[3]

(c) (i) Use your graph to deduce the highest temperature reached.

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) What volume of sulphuric acid produced this highest temperature?

...............................................................................................................................[2]

5070/4 Jun01 [Turn over


16 For
Examiner’s
Use
(d) The volume of acid in (c) (ii) neutralises 20.0 cm3 of 1.00 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide.

2 NaOH + H2SO4 → Na2SO4 + 2H2O

Deduce the concentration, in mol / dm3, of the sulphuric acid.

......................................................................................................................................[1]

The experiment was repeated using 20.0 cm3 of 0.50 mol / dm3 sodium hydroxide and
sulphuric acid of concentration of 0.50 mol / dm3. The initial temperature of each solution was
25 °C, the same as in the first experiment.

(e) (i) Suggest the volume of sulphuric acid required to produce the highest temperature.

...................................................................................................................................

(ii) Suggest whether the temperature would be higher, lower or the same as in the first
experiment. Explain your answer.

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[3]

5070/4 Jun01