Loads, Building data and Material Properties Loading: NSCP 2010 Minimum Design Loads Table 1.

Minimum Design Dead Loads Component Ceillings Plaster on Tile or Concrete Acoustical Fiber Board Suspended metal lath and gypsum plaster Mechanical Duct Allowance Covering, Roof and Wall Asphalt Shingles Insultaion (Urethane foam w/ Skin) Insultaion (Polystyrene foam) Water proofing membrane, Bituminous (smooth surface) Cement tile Finished Floor and Floor Finishes Ceramic or Quarry Tile (20mm) Marble and mortar on stone-concrete Lightweight concrete, plain per mm Linoleum or Asphaltic tile, 6mm Subflooring, 19mm Frame Partitions and Walls Exterior stud walls with brick veneer Windows, glass, frame and sash Wood studs 2 x 4 in., ( 50 x 100 mm) plastered two sides Wood studs 2 x 4 in., ( 5 x 10 mm) unplastered Concrete Masonry units (Wall) Masonry, Normal weight Masonry Lightweight solid concrete Unit Load, KN/m2 0.24 0.05 0.48 0.20 0.10 0.0009 0.0004 0.07 0.77 0.77 1.58 0.02 0.05 0.14 2.30 0.38 0.96 0.19 21.20 16.50

Table 2. Minimum Design Live Loads Use or Occupancy Category Residential Description Basic Floor Area Bedrooms Exterior Balconies Decks Storage ------

Unit Load KN/m2 1.90 2.00 2.90 1.90 1.90 2.87 2.00

Restrooms Stairs

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Table 3. Special Loads Use or Occupancy Category Balcony Railings & guardrails Description Exit Facilites Other than exit facilities components Partitions & interior walls

Lateral load KN/m2 0.75 0.30 1.20 0.25

Table 4. Minimum Roof Live Loads

Table 5. Minimum Densities for Design Loads Material Aluminum Cement Board Plywood Laminated Red Wood (1/2") Mortar Cement or lime (2") Load Combinations: ASD 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.) 6.) Analysis: Microsoft Excel 2010 and Graphical Rapid Analysis of Structures Program (GRASP) were used to anlyze basic and complex structures such as Purlins, Trusses, Beams and Girders, Columns, Trusses. (See Design Aids) D D+L D + (Lr or S or R) D + 0.75L + 0.75(Lr or S or R) D + (W or 0.7E) D + 0.75(W or 0.7E) + 0.75L + 0.75(Lr or S or R) D = Dead Load L = LiveLoad Lr = Roof Live Load R = Rain Load W = Wind Load E = Earthquake Load Density,KN/m 26.70 7.10 5.70 28.00 20.40
3

Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb= Fc= Fv = Es = G= Bayok 63.00 9.94 5.78 0.95 3.94 0.44 % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa Relative Density

Design Aids

Analysis of Purlins: Pitch = h/L tanπœƒ =
β„Ž 𝐿/2

Where:

Wind Load: Method 1: Ps = Ξ»KztIwPs9 Method 2: qz = 0.0000473KzKztKdIwV2 Simplified ASCE: πœƒ > 10o Windward: Pn = P(1.3sinπœƒ βˆ’ 0.5) Leeward: Pn = -0.6P (Suction) Duchemins Formula: Pn = 1+𝑠𝑖𝑛2πœƒ (See Appendix A) Bending Stress: Mn = Mt = π‘Šπ‘›πΏπ‘₯
2 ; 8 π‘Šπ‘‘πΏπ‘¦2 ; 8 2𝑃 π‘ π‘–π‘›πœƒ

fn = ft =

6𝑀𝑛 𝑏𝑑2 6𝑀𝑑 𝑏2𝑑

Ps - Horizontal pressure (Windward & Leeward). Ξ» - Adjustment factor for building height and exposure. A. Analysis by Kz - Velocity exposure coefficient. A.1 O Kzt - Topographic factor. Kd - Wind directionality factor. Iw - Importance factor. Ps9 - Simplified design wind pressure for exposure B @ h = 9, Iw = 1 (NSCP, fig.207-3). qz - Velocity pressure @ height z. V - Wind velocity (Kph) Pn - Wind pressure perpendicular to surface. Mn - Normal Moment. Mt - Tangential Moment. fn - Normal Stress. ft - Tangential Stress. v - Shearing stress. lu - Unsupported length. Ag - Gross Area. Ft - Allowable tensile stress. Fc - Allowable compression stress. Fb - Allowable bending stress. Fv - Allowable shearing strress. CD - Load duration Factor. CM - Wet service factor (CM=1,for dry safe factor). CT - Temperature factor (CT=1,for normal temp.). CF - Size factor(CF=1,for sawn lumber). Ci - insicing factor(Ci=0.8,for incised;Ci=1,for not incised). Cs - Slenderness factor. Ck - Support factor.

fb = fn + ft < Allowable bending stress (Fb) Shearing Stress: vn = vt = fv =
3𝑉𝑛 2𝑏𝑑 3𝑉𝑑 2𝑏𝑑 𝑣𝑛

2

+ 𝑣𝑑

2

< Allowable shearing stress (Fv)

Deflections: LiveLoad: yall = 360 > yact DeadLoad + LiveLoad: yall = 240 > yact Analysis of Trusses: Assumptions: 𝐿
𝐿

Tenion Stress: ft = 𝐴𝑛 < Fβ€²t ; 𝑃
𝑃

F't = CDCMCTCFCiFt

Compression Stress: fc = 𝐴𝑔 < 𝐹 β€² 𝑐 Slenderness Factor Adjustments:

Analysis of Beams: Bending Stress: fb = 𝑏𝑑2 < F'b Slenderness Factor Adjustments:
6𝑀

(See Table 7 for value of le) Size Factor Adjusment: d > 300mm CF =
300 9 𝑑
1

; d =depth of Beam in mm

fb = fb*CF Shearing Stress: 𝑓𝑣 = 2𝑏𝑑 < 𝐹𝑣 If notched beams: 𝑓𝑣 = 2𝑏𝑑′
3𝑉 𝑑 𝑑′ 3𝑉

< 𝐹𝑣

Deflections: LiveLoad: yall = 𝐿
360

> yact 𝐿

DeadLoad + LiveLoad: yall = 240 > yact Analysis for Columns: Compression Stress: 𝑃 fc = 𝐴𝑔 < 𝐹 β€² 𝑐 Slenderness Factor Adjustments:

(See Table 6 for value of k)

Table 6. Buckling Factors Ke:

Table 7. Effective Length of Beams

Klu = le

Table 8. Load duration factor

NSCP 2010: Wind Loads .

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) Put rubber membrane (CPE) to make waterproof seal. Then repeat step 3. Install the tiles using available adhesive cement or mortar properly from walls to the drain.) Lay down tar paper or plastic on the floor to preserved the wood floor from sucking to the moisture of the mortar berfore it dries. Then put one layer of cement board compound and let it dry for about 24 hours. Waterproofing of wall and floor 2. Installation of Tiles 5. It is also important to nail down 3. 4. Floor Joist. Install cement board in wall properly with 1/4" clearance between the cement board and the membrane.google.) Mix mortar (Portland cement) and apply about 2" thick properly from the walls to the drain with fair amount of slope so that water flows out into the drain without making puddles. * You can use alternative material in waterproofing for economy. Soure: www.) Seal or tape the cement board joints in wall with special adhesive netting.com . Let this dry for about 24 hours.Guidelines for Tile Toilet & Bathroom Subfloor.) Install Plyboard (3/4"-1") and plumbing pipes. and Plumbing pipes 1.

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Factored Load used: Wu = 1.4.6LL Ultimate Shear & Moments: A.2 Two way slabs (Design of Concrete Structures. Cb = Tabulated Moment Coefficients wu = uniform factored load La = Length of clear span in Short direction Lb = Length of clear span in Long direction .12 ed.clear span A. and stiffness to beam stiffness exceeds eight at each end of the span wuln2/12 at interior face of exterior supports for members built integrally with supports: where support is a spandrel beam wuln2/24 where support is a column wuln2/16 Shear: at face of first interior supports 1. Arthur H.3) Positive Moment: End Spans Discontinuous end unrestrained wuln2/11 Discontinuous end InteGral with Support wuln2/14 Interior Spans Negative Moment: at exterior face of first interior support Two spans wuln2/9 More than two spans wuln2/10 at other faces of interior supports wuln2/11 at face of all supports for slabs with spans not exceeding 3 meters.1 One way slabs & Continuous Beams (ACI CODE Section 408. Analysis by The Coefficient Method A.15wuln/2 at face of all other supports wuln/2 *ln . Nilson) Ma = Ca wu Mb = Cb wu Lb2 Va = Ca wu Vb = Cb wu Where: Ca.2DL + 1..

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210 Condition --governs --- Sectiion: Along X Wn = L= Lx = 0.95 Ew = 3. D + 0.062 0.95 4.358 0.12 3.955 0.36 4.6𝑃 .T1 % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa Dr .75 LLtotal KN/m 0.56 m m m m (consider half-span) degress Service Loads: Dead loads: Weight of Purlin Asphalt Shingles KN/m3 4.892 Leeward 0. D + Lr 3.166 0.94 Fc= 5.32 KN/m2 0.94 Gw = 0.049 0.11 0.00 4.56 degrees KN/m3 KN/m2 0.5) .10 DLtotal KN/m 0.684 0.84 0.00 KN/m m m .Roof Framing Plan Material Property: Wood = Bayok Grade = 63.0000473kzkztkdV2Iw Load Pn Wn Windward -0.Iligan City A.84 π‘Šπ‘™ = 𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑑 load x s2 Wind Loads: Zone: V = Kz = Kzt = Kd = Iw = Method 2 2 200 1.00 20.Palao Market.00 4.20 1.Truss @ Painitan Section.78 Fv = 0.06 0.00 1. Design of Purlins Purlins . D 2.00 1.75 W Normal (Wn) Tangential (Wt) 0.3𝑠𝑖𝑛𝛳 βˆ’ 0.44 Assume Section: b= d= Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Truss .00 1.00 8.00 KN/m m m Along Y Wt = L= Ly = 0. Lr W s2 h L 75 200 mm mm Spacing (s1) = Spacing (s2) = height (h) = Length (L/2) = πœƒ = tan βˆ’1 β„Ž 𝐿 = 1.18 π‘Šπ‘ = Ι£π‘β„Ž π‘Šπ‘šπ‘Žπ‘‘β€² 𝑙 = 𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑑 load x s2 Live Loads: Roof Slope : 20. Windward *𝑃𝑛 = βˆ’0.00 Kph Wind Pressure : qz = 0.059 KN/m2 KN/m Kpa *𝑃𝑛 = 𝑃(1.75Lr + 0.00 Fb= 9. Leeward Loading: Load Combinations 1.082 -0.099 = 1.

07 0.67 mm yact = 5WnL /384EI = 16.367 0.734 2.16 mm yact < yall.5Vt/bd = 2 𝑓𝑣 = 𝑣𝑛 + 𝑣𝑑 2 = 1. Safe! Mpa Mpa Mpa Check for Shearing Stress: Vn = WnLx/2 = Vt = WtLx/2 = vn = 1.242 4.976 fb < Fb. .5Vn/bd = vt = 1.Design Loads: 2 Mn = WnLx /8 = 1.20 fv < Fv. Safe! Use: Purlins: 75 x 200 mm (Bayok lumber) * Adapt the size of member to other purlins for aesthetic design.420 KN-m KN-m Mt = WnLy /8 = 2 Check for Bending Stress: fn = ft = fb = 6Mn/bd2 = 6Mt/b d = fn + ft = 2 2. Safe! KN KN Mpa Mpa Mpa Check for Deflection: yall = L / 240 = 4 16.19 0.72 0.91 0.

Design of Truss T1 .Truss @ Painitan Section.00 8.20 3.T1 % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa B A C RP D F D I h E J H L 2 25 200 2 25 200 1 25 150 77.00 Design Loads: w = DL = Loads from Purlins (Rp) = 1.94 Gw = 0.68 KN/m KN .1025 0.44 Assume Section: For wood : Top Chord : b= d= Bottom Chord : b= d= Web : b= d= For Steel : ws = βˆ…s = Fy = Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Truss .Palao Market.56 m m m degress Service Loads: Dead loads: Weight of Truss KN/m3 4.3 16 248 pccs mm mm pcs mm mm pcs mm mm KN3 mm Mpa Spacing (s) = height (h) = Length (L/2) = πœƒ = tan βˆ’1 β„Ž 𝐿 = 1.78 Fv = 0.32 KN/m2 KN/m 0.Iligan City B.00 20.95 Ew = 3.56 degrees KN/m3 ---- KN/m2 ---LLtotal KN/m 0.5VncosΞΈ = 0.00 Fb= 9.10 2.Roof Framing Plan Material Property: Wood = Bayok Grade = 63.10 π‘Šπ‘‡ = Ι£π‘β„Ž (Assumed) DLtotal Live Loads: Roof Slope : 20.94 Fc= 5.00 0.

Analysis: Using Graphical Rapid Analysis of Structures Program (GRASP) Reaction @ Supports Member Axial Force : .

671 𝐾𝑐𝐸 𝐸 π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 2 𝑑 𝐸 𝐹𝑐 .6𝐴𝑛 ≀ Fβ€²t .25 1. F'c = 0.43 Mpa 1. F'c = Fc 1 KcE = KcE = 1 βˆ’3 π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 4 𝐾 β‰₯ 𝐾 .52 case 3: klu/d β‰₯ K F'c = fc = 2. Safe! case 3: klu/d β‰₯ K F'c = fc = 0.00 1.5 8. Safe! 1.77 Mpa fc < F'c. Safe! .43 Mpa 0. K = 0.1 7.43 Mpa 1. Safe! Bottom Chord: Compressive Stress: k= 1.00 Vertical Web FH 3000.00 12.00 1.00 * Choose Maximum Axial Load (GRASP) Tensile Stress: Area (mm2) 10000 10000 3750 201. Safe! Tensile Stress: CD = CM = CT= CF= Ci= F't = ft = 1.671 𝐸 𝐹𝑐 = 17.06 Forces (KN) 35.07 Hinge support Cs ≀ 50.00 Diagonal Web FH 3010.Design Loads: Description Member L (mm) Top Chord AB 2670.00 Bottom Chord JH 2000.25 1.418 visually graded machine stress graded sawn lumber Design for Truss Member: Top Chord: Compressive Stress: k= 1. Ok! K = 0.00 12.77 Mpa ft < Ft.00 1.00 1.78 Mpa 1.00 klu/d = 6.6 𝑓𝑑 = 𝑃 0.4 6.52 case 1: klu/d ≀ 11 F'c = fc = 5.300 0. F't = CDCMCTCFCiFt .00 klu/d = 20.25 1. Ok! K = 0.00 1.00 1.671 𝐸 𝐹𝑐 = 17.31 Mpa ft < Ft.74 Mpa 0. Ft = Fb Compressive Stress: 𝑓𝑐 = 𝐴𝑔 ≀ F'c Slenderness Factor Adjustments: 𝑃 case 1: π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 ≀ 11 .94 Mpa 2.00 Mpa fc < F'c.00 Tensile Stress: CD = CM = CT= CF= Ci= F't = ft = Hinge support Cs ≀ 50.00 Mpa ft < Ft. Safe! Diagonal Web: Compressive Stress: k= 1. Ok! K = 0.00 klu/d = 40.671 𝐸 𝐹𝑐 = 17.31 Mpa fc < F'c.68 Tensile Stress: CD = CM = CT= CF= Ci= F't = ft = Hinge support Cs ≀ 50.52 1.00 1.00 1. F'c = Fc π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 case 2: 11 ≀ case 3: π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 ≀ 𝐾 .00 12.00 1.

.25 x 200 mm (Bayok lumber) 1 . Safe! 16 mmβˆ… Plain Steel bars 2 .25 x 200 mm (Bayok lumber) A C B 2 .Diagonal Web: Steel Ft = Ft = ft = ft = Use: Top Chord: Bottom Chord: Diagonal Web: Vertical Web: 2 .25 x 150 mm (Bayok lumber) Note: Adapt all sizes of member to other types of truss for aesthetic design.60Fy 148.25 x 150 mm (Bayok lumber) 16 mmβˆ… Plain Steel bars 0.77 Mpa ft < Ft.8 Mpa F/As 42.25 x 200 mm (Bayok lumber) 1 .25 x 200 mm (Bayok lumber) 2 .

Safe! Mpa Compressive Stress @ section AB ( r ) : π‘Ÿ = 𝑃𝑠𝑖𝑛2 πœƒ +Qπ‘π‘œπ‘  2 πœƒ .80 16 Mpa mm T= ΞΈ= 8.Iligan City C.78 1.68 80 mm2 mm2 mm mm .03 0.80 5576. Design of Truss Joints Joint A .00 9. Jacoby's Formula r= 1.94 5.77 ft < Ft.80 74.94 0.6 20.95 3.Palao Market.34 mm2 Dn βˆ…bolt + 2mm 18 mm X X 5576.56 KN degrees Design Check if Steel is adequate : ft = ft = T/As 42.Truss T1 Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb= P= Q= Fv = Ew = Gw = Steel : Ft = βˆ…s = Bayok 63.Truss @ Painitan Section.62 Mpa Figure: A r r B T Size of Washer : Required Net Area : An = An = Diameter of hole : βˆ…hole = βˆ…hole = Gross Area : Ag = An + Ahole Ag = X = X= say : 2 Figure: T/r 5322.44 Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Anchor Bolts Connections A % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa B 148.

375 KN-m ft = ft = t= say : 6M/bd2 6M/bt 5.5βˆ… + 3 27 T/2 4. Ft =ft A βˆ…hole βˆ…hole B mm mm b= b= X .βˆ…hole 62 mm Use: Steel : Fbs = βˆ…s = 124.Thickness of Washer : Dn = Dn = T1 = T2 = T1 = T2 = x1 = x1 = x2 = x2 = 1.3 Dn/4 7 βˆ…hole 18 Figure: mm T1 x1 KN mm mm A x2 T2 T B M = T2 (x2) .00 22 Mpa mm Washer : t= 6 mm 27 mm 80 mm 80 mm .T1 (x1) M= 48.61 6 2 .

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of rows : Check for Tension : ft = ft = F/An 0.71 ft < Ft.03 0. Safe! Mpa Ap = Ap = βˆ…bolt x t 600 . Safe! .73 12 2 pcs pcs x mm bh (main member) mm2 Ag = 10000 Ahole = βˆ…bolt + 2mm Ahole = mm2 14 An = Ag . Safe! KN Check for Bearing of bolt to main member : fb = fb = F/(Ap*n) 0.05 KN b 50 h 200 Side Plate No. Design of Truss Joints Joint B .85 fb < P.95 3.Palao Market.38 4. of Bolts : n= n= Say : No.78 1.Truss T1 Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb = P= Q= Fv = Ew = Gw = Bolt : βˆ…b = Group = Pb = Qb = Bayok 63.70 mm KN KN 6.Truss @ Painitan Section.βˆ‘Ahole An = 8600 mm 2 Check for Bolt Shear : Pv = Pv = nbolt x Pb 100.56 Pv > F.Fb = Ft Mpa Ag = F/Pb 0.94 5. t = bmain member mm 2 .10 KN Design b Figure : Main member 50 x h 200 mm 3.Iligan City D.00 9.94 0.05 KN 6 KN 3.44 Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Splicing Connections @ Bottom Chord % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa F F F= 12 I 8.

Use : βˆ…bolt = nbolts = 12 12 mm pcs 12-12mm βˆ… Bolts F F .

Safe! Mpa Ap = Ap = βˆ…bolt x t 800 . Safe! .44 Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Splicing Connections @ Top Chord % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa F F F= 16 I 10.Iligan City D.7 KN 35 KN 17.4 Pv > F. Safe! KN Check for Bearing of bolt to main member : fb = fb = F/(Ap*n) 5.Palao Market.95 3.94 0.28 8 2 pcs pcs x mm bh (main member) mm2 Ag = 10000 Ahole = βˆ…bolt + 2mm Ahole = mm2 18 An = Ag .80 5.Fb = Ft Mpa Ag = F/Pb 3.23 mm KN KN 35. of Bolts : n= n= Say : No.7 KN b 50 h 200 Side Plate No.78 1.Truss T1 Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb = P= Q= Fv = Ew = Gw = Bolt : βˆ…b = Group = Pb = Qb = Bayok 63.03 0.32 ft < Ft. Design of Truss Joints Joint C .βˆ‘Ahole An = 8200 mm 2 Check for Bolt Shear : Pv = Pv = nbolt x Pb 86.40 KN Design b Figure : Main member 50 x h 200 mm 17.Truss @ Painitan Section. t = bmain member mm 2 .53 fb < P. of rows : Check for Tension : ft = ft = F/An 4.00 9.94 5.

Use : βˆ…bolt = nbolts = 16 8 mm pcs 8-16mm βˆ… Bolts F F .

44 Date Prepared: Checked By: Rating: Model: Notching Connections % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa F F= ΞΈ= 7.5asin(dap/r) Ξ± = 0.36 Ξ²= degrees 34. stress (r ): Ο†= Ο†= π‘Ÿ = 90 . Safe! .Truss T1 Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb = P= Q= Fv = Ew = Gw = Bayok 63.03 0.00 9. Chord Check if dap is adequate : Compressive Stress perpendicular to AB : AC = h/sinΟ΄ AC = 150/sin(50) AC = mm 195.45 KN Mpa Check with allowable comp.5 50 KN degrees Design Web member 8 KN b 50 x h 150 mm π‘Ÿ πœƒ π‘Ÿ dap = 50 mm Bot.Truss @ Painitan Section.94 0.26 F1/A1 0.64 degrees mm mm 2 𝑃𝑠𝑖𝑛2 πœ‘ 𝑃𝑄 + Qπ‘π‘œπ‘  2 Ο† r= Mpa 1.06 b' 50 x h 200 mm Actual comp.94 5.Ξ± 74.91) Ξ±= degrees 15.78 1.Palao Market.093 r > fab.82 AB*b 9441.81 r= AC/2 r= 97.5asin(50/97.91 mm Ξ± = 0.64 AB = AB = A1 = A1 = cosΞ±(AC) 188. Design of Truss Joints Joint B . Stress @ AB: F1 = F1 = fAB = fAB = FsinΞ² 4.Iligan City E.95 3.

Compressive Stress perpendicular to BC : BC = BC = A2 = A2 = Actual comp.25 50 FcosΞ² 6.17 F2/A2 2.491 27. stress (r ): Ξ±= KN π‘Ÿ = Mpa 𝑃𝑠𝑖𝑛2 πœ‘ 15. = %cor.38 sinΞ±(AC) 51.36 degrees 𝑃𝑄 + Qπ‘π‘œπ‘  2 Ο† r= Mpa 4. Stress @ AB: F2 = F2 = fBC= fBC = Percent correction : %cor. Safe! mm mm Use : Web member 8 KN 50 x 150 mm πœƒ dap = 50 mm Bot.851 BC*b' 2592.55 mm mm 2 Check with allowable comp. Chord 50 x 200 mm . = corrected dap = Try: dap = fBC/r 54.368 r > fab.

3 Bottom Chord AC 1400.5VncosΞΈ = 0.83 KN Analysis: Using Graphical Rapid Analysis of Structures Program (GRASP) Reaction @ Supports: Member Axial Forces: Design Loads: 2 4 ) orces (KN) Description Member L (mm) Area (mm I)nertia (mm F Top Chord AB 2150.0000 1.00 0 0 9.Service Loads: Dead loads: Weight of Truss Ceiling KN/m3 4.00 0 0 2.7 Web FI 2350.0000 1.00 π‘Šπ‘‡ = Ι£π‘β„Ž (Assumed) DLtotal Live Loads: Roof Slope : degrees KN/m ---- 3 KN/m ---LLtotal 2 KN/m 0.32 KN/m2 KN/m 0.00 0 0 4.00 Design Loads: w = DL = 1.7 * Choose Maximum Axial Load (GRASP) Tensile Stress: .00 0.00 KN/m Loads from Purlins (Rp) = 1.

00 (See Design Aids) Ci= 1. K = 0.52 𝐹𝑐 Tensile Stress: CD = 1.) CM = 1.43 Mpa ft = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! K = 0.300 0. F't = CDCMCTCFCiFt .𝑓𝑑 = 0.6𝐴𝑛 ≀ Fβ€²t .671 𝐾𝑐𝐸 𝐸 KcE 𝐸 𝐹𝑐 . F'c = Fc π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 case 2: 11 ≀ case 3: π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 ≀ 𝐾 .00 Hinge support klu/d = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! K = 0.00 CF= 1. Ft = Fb Compressive Stress: 𝑓𝑐 = 𝑃 𝐴𝑔 𝑃 ≀ F'c Slenderness Factor Adjustments: case 1: π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 ≀ 11 .418 visually graded machine stress graded sawn lumber K = Design for Truss Member: Top Chord: Compressive Stress: k= 1.00 Hinge support klu/d = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Tensile Stress: CD = 1.00 CT= 1.25 (Refer Table 8. F'c = π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 2 𝑑 cE = 0.52 𝐹𝑐 F'c = #DIV/0! Mpa fc = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! Bottom Chord: Compressive Stress: k= 1.00 (See Design Aids) Ci= 1.00 F't = 12. F'c = Fc 1 1 βˆ’3 π‘˜π‘™π‘’ 𝑑 4 𝐾 β‰₯ 𝐾 .) CM = 1.00 CT= 1.00 F't = 12.671 #DIV/0! F'c = #DIV/0! Mpa fc = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! 𝐸 = 17.25 (Refer Table 8.671 #DIV/0! 𝐸 = 17.43 Mpa ft = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! .00 CF= 1.

00 Hinge support klu/d = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! K = 0.671 #DIV/0! F'c = #DIV/0! Mpa fc = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! Use: Top Chord: .x mm (Bayok lumber) Web: . Design b d x 250 Figure : Main member 100 mm #REF! KN #REF! KN #REF! KN b 50 d x 250 Side Plate No.25 (Refer Table 8.00 F't = 12.43 Mpa ft = #DIV/0! Mpa #DIV/0! * Adapt all sizes of member to other types of truss for aesthetic design. of Bolts : n= n= F/Pb #REF! pcs mm .Web: Compressive Stress: k= 1.x mm (Bayok lumber) Bottom Chord: .00 CF= 1.52 𝐹𝑐 Tensile Stress: CD = 1.00 CT= 1.) CM = 1.00 (See Design Aids) Ci= 1.x mm (Bayok lumber) 𝐸 = 17.

6 KN #REF! Check for Bearing of bolt to main member : fb = F/(Ap*n) fb = #REF! Mpa #REF! Ap = Ap = βˆ…bolt x t .29 . of rows : Check for Tension : ft = ft = 12 3 pcs F/An #REF! #REF! . t = bmain member 2200 mm Use : βˆ…bolt = nbolts = Project Title : Section : Subsection : Structure Data Web Member Detail: 22 12 mm pcs Date Prepared : Date Submitted : Rating : Sept .Fb = Ft Mpa Ag = bd (main member) 2 Ag = 25000 mm Ahole = βˆ…bolt + 2mm Ahole = 24 mm An = Ag .βˆ‘Ahole An = 17800 mm2 Check for Bolt Shear : Pv = nbolt x Pb Pv = 261.2012 Long Span Truss Design Design of Notch Connection Design of Notch of Connection A b= h= Ο΄= mm mm β—¦ NOTE : Ο΄ is the angle of inclination of the web member with respect to the horizontal Chord Member Detail: bc = hc = mm mm .Say : No.

Member Properties : Fc|| = FcL = Load P= Assume depth of Dap : MPa MPa kN hd = mm Analysis .

T= ΞΈ= 30 30 KN degrees Bayok Check if Steel is adequate : ft = ft = T/As 543.22 Mpa 2 2 Size of Washer : Required Net Area : An = T/r Figure: 2 An = 13528. Jacoby's Formula r= 2.93 Mpa ft > Fbs.75 mm . Not Safe! Compressive Stress @ section AB ( r ) : Figure: π‘Ÿ = 𝑃𝑠𝑖𝑛 πœƒ +Qπ‘π‘œπ‘  πœƒ .

37 mm X2 = 13613. Fbs =fbs βˆ…hol 2 21.βˆ…hole b= 110 mm Use: Steel : Fbs = βˆ…s = 124.Diamete of hole : βˆ…hole = Gross Area : 10 mm Ag = An + Ahole 2 Ag = 13613.07 12 mm mm b = X .T1 (x1) M = 97.57 T1 = T2 = T1 = T2 = x1 = x1 = x2 = x2 = T/2 15 Dn/4 4 βˆ…hole 10 Figure: mm KN mm mm M = T2 (x2) .00 22 Mpa mm Washer : .68 mm say : 120 mm Thickness of Washer : Dn = 1.37 mm2 X = 116.3125 KN-m fbs = fbs = t= say : 6M/bd 6M/bt 2 .5βˆ… + 3 Dn = 15.

15.37 Mpa ft > Fbs. Not Safe! Compressive Stress @ section AB ( r ) : Figure: π‘Ÿ = 𝑃𝑠𝑖𝑛 πœƒ +Qπ‘π‘œπ‘  πœƒ . Jacoby's Formula r = #REF! Mpa 2 2 Size of Washer : Required Net Area : An = An = Diamete of hole : T/r #REF! mm2 Figure: βˆ…hole = Gross Area : 24 mm .57 mm 120 mm 120 mm Check if Steel is adequate : ft = ft = T/As 80.

7 T/2 15 Dn/4 9 βˆ…hole 24 mm Figure: #REF! #REF! #REF! 120 mm2 mm2 mm mm KN mm mm M = T2 (x2) .βˆ…hole b= 96 mm Use: Sept .5βˆ… + 3 Dn = T1 = T2 = T1 = T2 = x1 = x1 = x2 = x2 = 35.29 .15 12 mm mm b = X .2012 Steel : Fbs = βˆ…s = 124.125 KN-m fbs = fbs = t= say : 6M/bd2 . Fbs =fbs 6M/bt 2 βˆ…hol 25.00 22 Mpa mm Washer : 35.T1 (x1) M = 223.7 mm 120 mm .Ag = An + Ahole Ag = X2 = X= say : Thickness of Washer : Dn = 1.

80 7.21 .Group = I 120 mm Bolt : βˆ…b = Pb = Qb = 22 21.

94 0.94 5.44 % stress Mpa Mpa Mpa Gpa Relative Density Steel: Fy = βˆ…s = 248.95 3.38 4.80 5.70 mm KN KN βˆ…b = Pb = Qb = 16 10.78 0.00 9.23 mm KN KN 1 .Material Property: Wood : Grade = Fb= Fc= Fv = Es = G= Bayok 63.00 16 Mpa mm Bolts : Group = βˆ…b = Pb = Qb = I 12 8.

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