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EarthWise System

Luan Nguyen Application Engineer Trane Viet Nam


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Consultant Defined System Parameters

PLANT REFRIGERATION CAPACITY 2,700 ton (9,500 kW) CHILLED WATER DISTRIBUTION 12.2C Evaporator EWT 6.7C Evaporator LWT 37.2C Condenser LWT 31.7C Condenser EWT

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The First Step...

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If one chiller is fault, remain 50% load ?

Chiller must be off 2 compressor when it is serviced, proper evacuation of a refrigeration system is practically impossible with active chilled-water flow

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The Next Step...

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Evaluated Pumping Systems


Primary/Secondary System Variable Primary Flow System

Conclusion: VPF proves best life cycle value


Fewer pumps Reduced plumbing connections Reduced electrical connections Slight Increase in VFD costs Greatly reduced pump operating costs

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The 3th Step...

Use Low Flow, Low Temperature, High Efficiency Systems

Earthwise can help the owner not only reduce first cost, it is also saving operating cost

+/+/ -$
air handlers

~/ ~/ $
ductwork

+/+/ -$

controls

+/+/ -$ ~/ ~/ $
piping

+/+/ -$
chillers
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Why ?
8.0
Chiller efficiency, COP
Centrifugal >600 tons Screw 150-300 tons Scroll <100 tons Reciprocating <150 tons

6.0

4.0

2.0 0.0

1977

1980

1989

1999

best available

ASHRAE Standard 90.1


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Cool More or Pump More?


Pump efficiency 70%
COP 0.7

Chiller COP 7.0 Chiller COP 10x the pump COP Conclusion work your most efficient equipment harder

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How ?
Leaving Chilled water temperature Flow rates Towers

Pumps

Piping Leaving condenser water tempature

Valve

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Do you want your building green

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Ashrae green guide

Page 169- Ashrae green guide


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Ashrae green guide

Page 170- Ashrae green guide


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M-Quay newsletter

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Show Me the Impact


Cooling towers Cooling coils Chilled pumps Condenser pumps Chillers Controls

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Cooling Tower Performance


2x1800 tons 3x1000 tons

37.2/31.7/29 40/32/29
240 LPS 5.5C range 113 LPS 8C range

2.7C approach 3C approach 60 hp 45 kW


STD

30 hp 22 kW
EARTHWISE

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lessons learned

Cooling Tower Performance !Tower water should be hot!


Towers should use inverters!

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Primary Chilled Water Pump


STANDARD EARTHWISE

3unit ( 1standby) Flow rate Pump head Pump power 205 L/S 15 m 39 kW

4unit ( 1standby) 95 L/S 22 m 81.5% 25 kW

Pump efficiency 78.2%

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Secondary Chilled Water Pump


Total system flow : 411l/s vs 285l/s STD EARTHWISE + VPF

5unit ( 1standby) Flow rate Pump head Pump power 102.5 L/S 29 m 35 kW
NONE

Pump efficiency 84.3%

Less pumps less space

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Condenser Water Pump


STD EARTHWISE

3unit (1standby) Flow rate Pump head Pump power 240 L/S 32 m 94 kW

4unit (1standby) 113 L/S 22 m 81.2% 30 kW

Pump efficiency 80.6%

In this installation: a 30% reduction in flow = nearly 50% reduction in condenser water pumping energy consumption
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Chiller Energy
Capacity
Standard

2X1350 tons 6.7C ( DeltaT 5.5) 2x785kW (0.58kW/RT) 2X1350 tons 5C ( DeltaT 8) 3x557 kW (0.619kW/RT)

LWT Power Capacity


Earthwise

LWT Power

No lunch is free Earthwise Chiller consume more 29kW


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System Power
Standard Chiller 2x785 kW EARTHWISE 3x557 kW 3x25 kW 0 3x30kW 3x22kW 3x634 = 1902 kW 0.70
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P-Chilled water pump 2x39 kW S-Chilled water pump 4x35 kW Cond water pump Cooling tower Total kW/RT 2x94 kW 2x45kW 2066kW 0.765

Chiller plant analyzer

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Monthly energy consumption

ALT1: Left ALT2: Right

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Monthly energy cost ($)


Alternative Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Standard $ 44,250.60 40,877.00 51,121.40 46,792.00 51,351.20 48,920.50 43,512.10 49,276.30 42,338.30 48,493.40 46,157.40 43,512.20 Earthwise $ 37,004.50 35,192.10 44,361.90 40,090.90 44,232.60 41,896.30 37,673.90 42,603.60 36,906.30 41,996.40 39,835.90 37,129.90 Saving % 16% 14% 13% 14% 14% 14% 13% 14% 13% 13% 14% 15%

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Annual cost
500,000.00 450,000.00 400,000.00 350,000.00 300,000.00 250,000.00 200,000.00 150,000.00 100,000.00 50,000.00 $ Electric Standard $ Water $ Electric Earthwise $ Water

Standard Electric $ 556,602.38 Water $ 11,141.40

Earthwise Electric $ 478,924.31 Water $ 9,407.40


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Saving 14%/yr

Chilled Water Plant Costs Estimated

Chiller's price is based on Trane

VSDs price is based on Trane


Pump's price is based on Drunfos, Cooling Tower is based on Ocean the prices are not include piping, valves

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Compare prices with 2 alternative


Items Chiller P-Chilled water pump S-Chilled water pump Condenser water pump VSD for chilled pumps Cooling tower VSD for Cooling tower Chiller plant control Total chiller plant System Kw/RT STANDARD EARTHWISE STD ($) 1,200,000 47,000 70,000 115,000 30,000 120,000 0 0 1,580,000 EWS ($) 1,250,000 40,000 0 48,000 15,000 100,000 10,000 40,000 1,500,000 - 80,000
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2x1350RT(0.58kw/RT) 3x900RT(0.619kw/RT) 3x205 l/s-15m(39kw) 5x102.5 l/s-29m(35kw) 3x240 l/s-32m(94kw) 5x45kw 2x1800RT (45kw) 0 Other 2066kw 0.765 4x95 l/s-22m(25kw) 0 4x113 l/s-22m(30kw) 4x30kw 3x1000RT (22kw) 3x22kw Trane chiller plant control 1902kw 0.7

EARTHWISE SYSTEM
1,580,000 $ 567,743.00/yr

FIRST COST 5%

OPARATING COST 14%


488,330.00/yr

1,500,000 &

This saving is not account for the reduction of piping, valves..


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Tranes chiller plant control

Your chiller system is not optimal like our analyzer without

chiller plant control


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EarthWise Chiller Plant Control System


Features and Benefits
Software Features
3-D animated system and equipment graphics Energy monitoring & reports System and equipment performance analysis Web access

Energy Optimization
Advanced chiller sequencing Cooling tower optimization Variable primary chilled water flow control

Reliable & Flexible Operation


Matrix pump & cooling tower control Auto equipment failure recovery Auto equipment rotation

Alarm Management
Chiller diagnostic messages SMS alarm notification

Factory Panel
Pre-wired and tested
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Energy Optimization
Factory-engineered Optimization Algorithms
Advanced Chiller Sequencing Cooling Tower Optimization Variable Primary Chilled Water Flow Control

Optimized based on
Best System efficiency; and NOT best equipment efficiency

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Advanced Chiller Sequencing

Results
Good chiller sequencing and chiller loading
CHILLER LOADING

100

90

80

CH-1 CH-2

% RLA

70

CH-3
60

CH-4 CH-5

50

CH-6

40

30

TIME

5 10% chiller plant energy saving


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Energy Optimisation

Cooling Tower Optimization

But, Im tired

Water is so cool, Im ok

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Energy Optimisation

Cooling Tower Optimization

Minimum chiller + cooling tower kW input


400

total
energy consumption, kW
300

chiller
200

optimal control point

100

tower

0 72 74 76 78 80 82 84

condenser water temperature, F

3 5% chiller plant energy saving


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Energy Optimisation

Variable Primary Chilled Water Flow Control


Scan and evaluate all AHU valves position every minute Reset pump speed according to satisfy most critical Fan coil Fan coils should equip with modulating control valves
Variable speed pump Fan coil with modulating valve

P
VFD

EarthWise Chiller Plant Control System

3 5% chiller plant energy saving


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Connected with the other system

If you want to have a saving energy chiller system , you must have Tranes chiller plant control
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Conclusion
Use Earthwise concept help the owner saving both first and operating cost Remember that the meter is on the building, not on the chiller The first cost saving is not account the reduction of piping, valve. Use the innovative chiller plant control for optimal HVAC system Tranes solution can help your building greener
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Yeah! Show me the references

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BITEXCO FINANCIAL TOWER


THE HIGHEST BUILDING IN HCM CITY 68 STOREYS 4 x 900 TONS R123 CENTRIFUGAL CHILLER 5-13oC; 37-45oC

YEAR: 2008-2009-2010

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Vincom Eden
Complex in HCMC

8x 1000RT
CenTraVac R123 Chiller Year: 2009

5-13oC/ 32-39oC

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Crowne Plaza InterContinential 5 Stars Hotel, in Hanoi


4x 750RT R123 Centrifugal Chiller Year 2009 5-12oC/32-37oC
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Intel Viet Nam Factory- A9T9


4 x 2350 Tons
R123 Duplex Chillers + AHU Installation year: 20082009 5-13oC on Chilled Side

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Centre Point Office The 1st Green Building in HCMC R123 Chiller 3 x 450RT Installation year : 2008- 2009 5-12oC/32-37oC
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Sheraton NhaTrang Hotel 3 x 700 Tons Centrifugal R123 Chiller 5-12oC/32-37oC


Installation year : 2008-2009
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Cuu Long Commercial Center in Camau


2x 250 Tons

RTHD Water-Cooled Screw Chiller


5-12oC/32-40oC

Year: 2009
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Questions or Comments?

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