The Attributer of Twelve Animals of Xingyi Quan

  There is a twelve sentence poem in Xingyi Quan classic which describe the attributes   of twelve animal fighting postures. In every sentence, the second character is “ You ”, which means “has”; and the fifth character is “ Zhi”, which means “of”.   long  you   sou   gu     zhi     fa        

1. Long you sou gu zhi fa - Dragon possesses brisk technique Long : dragon. Sou Gu :  the ability to contract/shrink the skeleton. Fa: as in Quan Fa, it can have the following meanings: method, way, mode, standard, model, law, or doctrine. Dragon is miraculous animal with mythical abilities. Created by the ancient Chinese, it symbolized all of nature's wondrous powers. One of the defining greatness of dragon is its ability to change according to situation. For example, it can change its size at will. When the space is small, it shrinks to accommodate. But when the space is suddenly opened up, it instantly expands, rise up and soar freely in the heavens. This sentence describes that ability. The reader need to feel the magic and awe of that moment when the dragon is sprung loose, the quickness, the agility, the flexibility, the grace, and the power involved. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Shrink, twist, and quick pass through from a small space when suddenly fly up.

  hu     you   pu     shi    zhi   yong    

   

2. Hu you pu shi zhi yong - Tiger is fearless in its pounce
Hu : tiger. Pu : lunging, pouncing. Shi: food, here is means prey (soon to be food). Yong:  normally means courage. But like other Chinese characters, when use in association with other characters, it can have a meaning related but a little different to the meaning of the character by itself. Here it means it is so courageous and fearless that it is fearsome to others, that it's an unstoppable force. Tiger is the most powerful and ferocious animal. It is a king of all beasts. It's always

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The Attributer of Twelve Animals of Xingyi Quan

used to express power, control, the ability to do anything you want. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: So powerful and quick is the movement that nothing can stop it.   hou  you zhong shan  zhi   neng        

3. Hou you zhong shan zhi neng - Monkey has the nimbleness to scale mountains Hou : monkey. Zhong: technically it means jump up in quick, light, and nimble way. Shan : mountain. Neng: capability. Monkey is the most smart and nimble animal. Here it is used to describe how the monkey can go anywhere it wants in the mountain environment, a fish in the water so to speak.

In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Quick, nimble, and skillful.   ma    you     ji      ti      zhi   gong    

   

4. Ma you ji ti zhi gong - Horse has churning footwork Ma :  horse. Ji :  fast. Ti : hoofs. So Ji Ti means run fast. Gong: skill, as in gong fu. Horse is a strong and healthy animal. When it's running, its leg movements are quick, powerful, and continuous. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Quick, powerful and continuous strikes just like a horse’s leg movements when it's running.

  tuo    you    fu    shui   zhi   ling    

   

5. Tuo you fu shui zhi ling - Tuo can float and swimming in waters well Tuo :  a mythical animal. According to legend, dragon produced 9 sons. All of them look entirely different from their father. Each has its own habitat and special powers. Tuo is

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The Attributer of Twelve Animals of Xingyi Quan

one of them, and it lives in water and resembles the alligator. Fu Shui: float and swimming in waters. Ling:  highly skilled. Ling has additional meanings here, beyond staying buoyant in the water. According to legend Tuo has magic power and possesses very nimble or impossibly high skills for the water. Very quick and powerful but at the same time quiet and light. Ling also means spirit, clever, quick, and agile. Tuo (alligator) stays in the water. It can swim quickly and smoothly. It can stay still very quietly and attack suddenly.  It is very powerful when it rotates. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Nimble, quiet, smooth, and quick movement with powerful rotating and twisting force.   ji     you  zheng dou   zhi   xing        

6. Ji you zheng dou zhi xing - Rooster is born with a competitiveness nature for fighting Ji :  rooster. Zheng Dou : fighting, competing. Xing: nature, disposition. In ancient times, people believed it is in the rooster's nature to fight. In competition, it fights bravely and hard, and never quit easily. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Hard, brave, and keep going on. Never be afraid to make a hard fight.

  yao   you  zuan  tian   zhi   shi    

   

7. Yao you zuan tian zhi shi - Sparrow hawk possess the form for piercing the heavens Yao :  sparrow hawk. Zuan Tian: fly very quickly and straight up toward the sky. Here the feeling is like seeing a swept wing fighter jet streaking toward the heavens at great speed, it looks like it can break through earth's bound. Shi:  form. Sparrow hawk is a bird of prey. It is quick and agile. When it flies up – Zuan Tian, it shows how strong it is. When it flies down, it shows how quick it is. When it flies to pass through the forest, it shows how agile and accurate it is. When it turns over its body during flying, it shows how nimble it is. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Quick, hard, and straight, but still very nimble. Like a spare piercing forward.
yan   you  chao  shui   zhi   qiao

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The Attributer of Twelve Animals of Xingyi Quan

     

   

8. Yan you chao shui zhi qiao - Swallow has the agility to skim over waters Yan : swallow Chao Shui: shallow grab or scoop the water from above lightly and quickly. Qiao: very skillful, artful, clever, also meaning accurate, exactly the right way. Here picture a swallow skimming just above the water, if it's a little bit low, it will fall into the water, if a little bit high, it cannot get water. Swallow can fly very quickly with accurate movement. It is not a hard but agile skill. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Accurate skillful power with light and quick movement.

  she   you   bo    cao    zhi    jing    

   

9. She you bo cao zhi jing - Snake has the refined skill to move grass to side way cleanly She : Snake. Bo Cao : move grasses to the side. Here it means snake can hide in grass and go through the grass with light, quiet, and quick movement. Usually it travels in zigzag patterns, as if moving grass to side way lightly. Jing: spirit, essence, refined, meticulous, skilled. Snake is considered a vicious animal. It can hide well, move quietly, and attack suddenly. When it prepares for an attacks, it moves from side by side, so it is difficult to predict where the attack will come from. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Light, quick, sudden and accurate skill from unknown direction.

  tai    you  beng zhuang zhi zing    

   

10. Tai you beng zhuang zhi zing - Tai are skilled at collision and ram forward Tai :  Mystical bird resembling the ostrich. This interpretation is the one commonly used in most Hebei Style Xingyi groups. In other versions, Tai is a kind of big fish, or a kind of wild horse. Beng:  as in beng quan, collapse, burst. It always expresses some sudden and powerful event, like an explosion. Zhuang: collide or ram. Usually when a big and heavy thing rams you with very high speed and strong power that is impossible to stop, it is called Zhuang. (eg. hit by a car) Tai is a big mystical bird. When it's running, its wings flap very powerful so that it is very strong and can knock over anything blocking it. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Strong and quick movement can destroy

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The Attributer of Twelve Animals of Xingyi Quan

anything trying to stop or  block it.   ying   you  zhou   na    zhi     ji    

   

11. Ying you zhou na zhi ji - Eagle are skilled at capture Ying: Eagle. Zhou : capture. Na : grab, hold. Ji :  skill, technique. When the eagle is circling the skies and zooms in on a prey, it will suddenly drop down and capture the prey. Its capturing skill needs to be powerful and accurate. In Xingyi Quan, people said every attack skill has to be like eagle talon. It means when you find a chance, your attack should be sudden, quick, powerful and accurate; and if you get it, never give him chance to fight back or run away. In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: sudden, quick, powerful, and accurate, and keep control all the way.

  xiong  you   shu  ding   zhi     li    

   

12. Xiong you shu ding zhi li - Bear shows it’s the power when it stands up Xiong: bear. Shu Ding:  Shu means straight up, Din means the top of the head. So Shu Din means hang up, straighten, or support with topGong of the Fa head. It means stand up. American Headquarters Yin Cheng Association North Li :  force. When the bear stands up, it shows very strong and powerful force from its shoulders and arms, like nothing can attack it. In Xingyi Quan, people always said when you defend, you should be like a bear stand up. It will be very strong and stable.

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In Xingyi Quan practice, its attribute is: Strong and stable.        

   

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