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Buddhist Philosophy: Atthit Natthit to Suat


Duan Kamdee
Associate Fellow of The Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, The Royal Institute, Thailand


A study of the views as eternalism (Atthit) and annihilationism (Natthit) to No-self (Suat)
in Buddhist Philosophy were to present the world Buddhist views according to Ngrachunas Dialectic method ;

In the Dhammacakkappavattanasutta, the Buddha taught that all of the world views as false views
can be concluded in to two parts : one is extreme of sensual indulgence (kmasukhalliknuyolga) and extreme of
self - mortification (Attakilamathnuyaga), unable to lead man to Nibbna : all things are selflessness. (Anatt)
After death of the Buddha, Buddhist disciples interpreted the Buddhas words into different dimensions,
making them separate in to 18 sections. In Mahyna Ngrachuna, the most famous monk, at that time had tried
to present the Buddhas words of suat by dialectic method, denying the two extremes for the sake of getting rid
of sensual clinging (Kmupdna) and clinging to attachment to views (Ditthupdna). This is explanation of ultimate
truth according to the dependent origination (Paticcasamuppda) by the verse : Anutaptha (No birth) Anirotha
(No cease) Ashshavata ( No Enternity) Anuchetha (No Annihilation) Anegratha (No one meaning) Annratha
(No many meaning) Angama (No coming in) Aniragama (No going out). this verse is the most important essence
of Mathyamikavda. It has been shown that Ngrachunas dialectic method, by the negative way, showing how to
destroy Atthit and Natthit and at the same time presenting the characteristics of the realities as they really are,
not as they appear : All things are No- self (Suata).


Key words : Atthit Natthit and Suat

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