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Hiroshige (17971858)

Sudden Shower Over Shin-Ohashi Bridge and Atake (Ohashi Atake no Yudachi)
depicted place: hashi Bridge (original) over the Sumida River

tea ceremonies
A tea ceremony is a ritualized form of making tea practiced in the East Asian cultural sphere by the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean tea ceremony. The Japanese tea ceremony is better known, and was influenced by the Chinese tea ceremony during ancient and medieval times. One can also refer to the whole set of rituals, tools, gestures, etc. used in such ceremonies as tea culture. All of these tea ceremonies and rituals contain "artificiality, abstractness, symbolism and formalism" to one degree or another.[1] These rituals can be found worldwide, although are centered on Asia and Europe, including the Victorian-era 'high tea' or afternoon tearitual, where the ritual of being seen to have the right equipment, manners, and social circle, was just as important as the drink itself . The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation ofmatcha, powdered green tea. In Japanese, it is called chanoyu (?) or sad, chad (?). The manner in which it is performed, or the art of its performance, is called otemae (; ?). Zen Buddhism was a primary influence in the development of the tea ceremony. Much less commonly, it uses leaf tea, primarily sencha; see sencha tea ceremony, below. Tea gatherings are classified as chakai (?) or chaji (?). A chakai is a relatively simple course of hospitality that includes confections, thin tea ( usucha?), and perhaps a light meal. A chaji is a much more formal gathering, usually including a full-course kaiseki meal followed by confections, thick tea ( koicha?), and thin tea. A chaji can last up to four hours.

Tea ceremony

Ikebana (?, "living flowers") is the Japanese art of flower arrangement, also known as kad (?, the "way of flowers"). More than simply putting flowers in a container, ikebana is a disciplined art form in which nature and humanity are brought together. Contrary to the idea of floral arrangement as a collection of particolored or multicolored arrangement of blooms, ikebana often emphasizes other areas of the plant, such as its stems and leaves, and draws emphasis toward shape, line, form. Though ikebana is a creative expression, it has certain rules governing its form. The artist's intention behind each arrangement is shown through a piece's color combinations, natural shapes, graceful lines, and the usually implied meaning of the arrangement.

Another aspect present in ikebana is its employment of minimalism. That is, an arrangement may consist of only a minimal number of blooms interspersed among stalks and leaves. The structure of a Japanese flower arrangement is based on a scalene triangle delineated by three main points, usually twigs, considered in some schools to symbolize heaven, earth, and man and in others sun, moon, and earth. The container is a key element of the composition, and various styles of pottery may be used in their construction. The truth about the origin of Ikebana is unidentified. But when Buddhism reached Japan in the 6th century, it is thought to have come to Japan as part of Buddhist practice. The offering of flowers on the altar in honor of Buddha was part of worship. Ikebana evolved from the Buddhist practice of offering flowers to the spirits of the dead.[2] The first classical styles of Ikebana started in the middle of the fifteenth century; the first students and teachers of Ikebana were Buddhist priests and members. As time passed, other schools emerged, styles changed, and Ikebana became a custom among the Japanese society.


Sushi is a Japanese food consisting of cooked vinegared rice sushimeshi ("sushi rice") combined with other ingredients usually raw fish or other seafood. Neta and forms of sushi presentation vary widely, but the ingredient which all sushi have in common is vinegared rice. The rice is also referred to as shari and "sumeshi" (` "vinegared rice").Raw meat (usually but not necessarily seafood) sliced and served by itself is sashimi. Many non-Japanese use the terms sashimi and sushi interchangeably, but the two dishes are actually distinct and separate. Sushi refers to any dish made with vinegared rice.