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NERACA MASSA

PROSES INDUSTRI KIMIA II


INDUSTRI ISOPRENE

DISUSUN OLEH :
Mauris albari

( 0610 3040 1021)


KELAS : 4 KIB

DOSEN PEMBIMBING : Ir. ERLINAWATI, M. T.

POLITEKNIK NEGERI SRIWIJAYA


PALEMBANG
2012

Data Kuantitatif
Bahan Baku :
Propylene (C3H6)

: 1,46 ton

Kuantitas minor dari katalis tripropyl alumunium dan hydrogen bromide


Kapasitas Pabrik

: 30-60 ton/hari

Kmole Bahan Baku :

C3H6 = 1,46 ton x 1000kg/1ton x 1kgmol/42kg = 34,7619 kgmol


Asumsi : Katalis (C3H7)3Al = 100 Kg
Katalis HBr

= 100 Kg

1. DIMERISASI REAKTOR
Basis : 1,46 ton propylene
C3H6
CH4
C2H2
C6H12
(C6H12)2
C3H7)3Al

DIMERISASI
REAKTOR

C3H6
(C3H7)3Al

= kg
= kg
= kg
= kg
= kg
= . . .kg

= 1460 kg
= 100 kg

Input
C3H6 = 1,46 ton x 1000kg/1ton x 1kgmol/42kg = 34,7619 kgmol
Jumlah katalis (C3H7)3Al yang dibutuhkan untuk reaksi diasumsi sebanyak 100 kg
Reaksi Utama
CH3
95 %
2 CH3CH = CH2
CH2 = C CH2 CH2 CH3
propylene
(CH3H7)Al
2-metil-1-pentena
M
R
S
BM
Mass

34,7619
33,023
1,7385
42
73,017

16,5115
16,5115
84
1.386,966

kgmol
kgmol
kgmol
kg/kgmol
kg

Reaksi Samping
CH3
55 %
2 CH2 = C CH2 CH2 CH3
kgmol
0,9561
kgmol
0,9561
kgmol
84
kg/kgmol
41,152
kg

4 CH3CH = CH2
M
1,7385
R
0,9561
S
0,7824
BM
42
Mass 32,8608

40 %
M
R
S
BM
Mass

CH3CH = CH2
0,7824
0,4303
0,3521
42
14,7882

CH4 +
0,4303
0,4303
16
6,8848

CH = CH
0,4303
0,4303
26
11,1878

kgmol
kgmol
kgmol
kg/kgmol
kg

Neraca Massa pada Reaktor Dimerisasi


Senyawa
Input ( kg )
C3H6
1460
CH4
C2H2
C6H12
(C6H12)2
(C3H7)3Al
100
Total
1560

C3H6
CH4
C2H2
C6H12
(C6H12)2
(C3H7)3Al
Total

DIMERISASI
REAKTOR

C3H6
(C3H7)3Al

Output ( kg )
14,7882
6,8848
11,1878
1.386,966
41,152
100
1560

= 14,7882
= 6,8848
= 11,1878
= 1.386,966
= 41,152
= 100
= 1560

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

= 1460 kg
= 100
kg

2. FLASH TOWER
Pada flash tower hanya terjadi pemisahan tripropyl aluminium catalyst dari
senyawa lain. Di asumsikan flash tower mengkonversikan 100 Kg tripropyl
aluminium catalyst untuk di recycle.
FROM DIMERIZATION REACTOR
C3H6
= 14,7882 kg
CH4
= 6,8848 kg
C2H2
= 11,1878 kg
C6H12
= 1.386,966 kg
(C6H12)2
= 41,152
kg
(C3H7)3Al
=
100
kg
Total
= 1560
kg

FLASH
TOWER
C3H6 = 14,7882
CH4 = 6,8848
C2H2 = 11,1878
C6H12 = 1.386,966
(C6H12)2= 41,152
Total = 1460

RECYCLE TO FEED
(C3H7)3Al
= 100 Kg

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

Senyawa
C3H6
CH4
C2H2
C6H12
(C6H12)2
(C3H7)3Al
Total

Input (Kg)

Output (Kg)
Top
14,7882
6,8848
11,1878
1.386,966
41,152
-

14,7882
6,8848
11,1878
1.386,966
41,152
100
1560

3. C1-C2 TOWER

Bottom
100
1560

CH4 = % mol
C2H2 = % mol
C1
C2

FROM FLASH TOWER


C3H6
= 14,7882
CH4
= 6,8848
C2H2
= 11,1878
C6H12
= 1.386,966
(C6H12)2
= 41,152
Total
= 1460

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

T
O
W
E
R

C3H6 = kg
C6H12 = kg
(C6H12)2= kg

Pada C1 C2 tower, semua gas diasumsi terpisah dari liquid.

Top Produk
CH4 = 6,8848 kg x 1/16 kgmol/kg = 0,4303 kgmol

C2H2= 11,1878 kg x 1/26 kgmol/kg = 0,4303 kgmol =

0,4303
100 % 50 % mol
0,8606
0,4303
100 % 50 % mol
0,8606

0,8606 kgmol
Zat zat yang tersisa adalah (Bottom Produk)

C3H6
CH4
C2H2
C6H12
(C6H12)2

= 14,7882
= 6,8848
= 11,1878
= 1.386,966
= 41,152

kg
kg 6,8848 kg = 0 kg
kg 11,1878kg = 0 kg
kg
kg

100%mol

Neraca Massa pada C1 C2 Tower


Input
Senyawa
(kg)
C3H6
14,7882
CH4
6,8848
C2H2
11,1878
C6H12
1.386,966
(C6H12)2
41,152
Total
1460

CH4
C2H2

Output (kg)
Top
6,8848
11,1878
-

Bottom
14,7882
1.386,966
41,152
1460

= 6,8848 kg x1/16= 0,4303/0,8606= 50 %


= 11,1878kg x 1/26= 0,4303/0,8606= 50 %
18,0726 kg
100 % mol

C1
C2

FROM FLASH TOWER


C3H6
= 14,7882
CH4
= 6,8848
C2H2
= 11,1878
C6H12
= 1.386,966
(C6H12)2
= 41,152
Total
= 1460

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

T
O
W
E
R

C3H6
C6H12
(C6H12)2
Total

= 14,7882
= 1.386,966
= 41,152
= 1.442,9062

4. C3 TOWER
Recycle propylene (C3H6) kembali ke feed
C3H6 = 14,7882 kg

FROM C1 C2 TOWER
C3H6
= 14,7882 kg
C6H12
= 1.386,966 kg
(C6H12)2 = 41,152kg
Total
= 1.442,9062 kg

C3
T
O
W
E
R

C6H12
(C6H12)2
Total

= 1.386,966
= 41,152
= 1.428,118

kg
kg
kg

kg
kg
kg
kg

Neraca Massa pada C3 Tower


Input
Senyawa
(kg)
C3H6
14,7882
C6H12
1.386,966
(C6H12)2
41,152
Total
1.442,9062

Output (kg)
Top
14,7882
-

Bottom
1.386,966
41,152
1.442,9062

5. DIMER TOWER
C6H12

FROM C3 TOWER
C6H12
= 1.386,966 kg
(C6H12)2 = 41,152 kg
Total
= 1.428,118 kg

= 1.386,966 kg

D
I
M
E
R
T
O
W
E
R

HEAVY ENDS
(C6H12)2 = 41,152 kg
Di asumsikan (C6H12)2 100 % terkonversi dan terpisah pada bagian bawah
dimer Tower dari C6H12
Neraca Massa pada C3 Tower
Input
Senyawa
(kg)
C6H12
1.386,966
(C6H12)2
41,152
Total
1.428,118

Output (kg)
Top
1.386,966
-

Bottom
41,152
1.428,118

6. REAKTOR
FROM DIMER TOWER
C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = 1.386,966 kg

ISOMERISASI
REAKTOR
C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = kg
C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) = kg

Reaksi
CH3

CH3
90 %

CH2 = C CH2 CH2 CH3


2 metil-1-pentena

CH3 C = CH CH2 CH3


2 metil-2-pentena

M
16,5115
R
14,8604
S
1,6511
BM
84
Mass 138,6924

14,8604
14,8604
84
1.248,2736

Neraca Massa pada Reaktor Isomerisasi


Senyawa
Input ( kg )
C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena)
1.386,966
C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena)
Total
1.386,966

kgmol
kgmol
kgmol
kg/kgmol
kg

Output ( kg )
138,6924
1.248,2736
1.386,966

FROM DIMER TOWER


C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = 1.386,966 kg

ISOMERISASI
REAKTOR

C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = 138,6924 kg


C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) =1.248,2736 kg
Total
= 1.386,966 kg

7. STREAM SPLITTER

S
T
R
E
A
M

RECYCLE TO ISOMERIZATION REAKTOR


C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = 138,6924 kg

S
P
I
L
T
T
E
R

FROM ISOMERIZATION REACTOR


C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena) = 138,6924 kg
C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) = 1.248,2736 kg
Total
= 1.386,966 kg

C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) = 1.248,2736 kg

Neraca Massa pada Stream Splitter


Senyawa

Input (kg)

C6H12 (2 metil-1-pentena)
C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena)
Total

138,6924
1.248,2736
1.386,966

Top
138,6924
-

Output (kg)
Bottom
1.248,2736
1.386,966

8. TUBULAR PYROLISIS FURNACE

TUBULAR

FROM STREAM SPLITTER


C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) =1.248,2736kg

PYROLISIS
C5H8
CH4
(C5H8)2
HBr

= kg
= kg
= kg
= . . kg

FURNACE

HBr

= 100 kg

Di asumsikan katalis HBr yang diperlukan untuk reaksi sebanyak 100 kg

Reaksi Utama
CH3
99.8 %
CH3 C = CH CH2 CH3
2 metil-2-pentena
M
14,8604
R
14,6765
S
0,1839
BM
84
Mass 35,7840

C5H8
+ CH4
isoprene
metana
14,6765
14,6765
14,6765
14,6765
68
16
998
234,824

kgmol
kgmol
kgmol
kg/kgmol
kg

(C5H8)2
+ 2 CH4
polyisoprene metana
0,09195
0,1839
0,09195
0,1839
136
16
12,5052
2,9424

kgmol
kgmol
kgmol
kg/kgmol
kg

Reaksi Samping
CH3
100 %
2 CH3 C = CH CH2 CH3
2 metil-2-pentena
M
0,1839
R
0,1839
S
BM 84
Mass -

Neraca Massa pada Tubular Pyrolisis Furnace


Senyawa
Input ( kg )
C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena)
1.248,2736
C5H8
CH4
(C5H8)2
HBr
100
Total
1.348,2736

TUBULAR

Output ( kg )
998
237,7664
12,5052
100
1.348,2736

FROM STREAM SPLITTER


C6H12 (2 metil-2-pentena) =1.248,2736kg

PYROLISIS
HBr = 100
kg
C5H8 = 998
kg
CH4 = 237,7664 kg
(C5H8)2 = 12,5052 kg
Total
=1.348,2736kg

FURNACE
HBr

= 100 kg

9.

QUENCH TOWER

Didalam Quench Tower hanya terjadi pemisahan katalis HBr yang akan keluar
pada bagian bottom.

Q
U
E
N
C
H
C5H8 = 998
kg
CH4
= 237,7664 kg
(C5H8)2 = 12,5052 kg
Total

TOWER

C5H8
CH4
(C5H8)2
HBr

= 998 kg
= 237,7664 kg
= 12,5052 kg
= 100 kg

Total

= 1.348,2736 kg

= 1.248,2736kg

HBr = 100 Kg

10 .

Senyawa

Input (Kg)

C5H8
(C5H8)2
CH4
HBr
Total

998
12,5052
237,7664
100
1.348,2736

Output (Kg)
Top
Bottom
998
12,5052
237,7664
100
1.348,2736

C1 TOWER
Pemisahan CH4 ke flue gas.
Di asumsikan 100% CH4 terpisah pada bagian atas c1 tower

CH4

= 237,7664 kg x 1/16kg/kgmol = 14,8604 kgmol

C1
T
O
W
E
R

FROM TUBULAR PYROLISIS


FURNACE
C5H8 = 998
kg
CH4
= 237,7664 kg
(C5H8)2 = 12,5052 kg
Total = 1.248,2736 kg

C5H8
= 998 kg
(C5H8)2 = 12,5052 kg
Total
= 1.010,5052 kg
Neraca Massa pada C1 Tower
Senyawa
C5H8
CH4
(C5H8)2
Total

11.

Input
(kg)
998
237,7664
12,5052
1.248,2736

Output (kg)
Top
237,7664
-

Bottom
998
12,5052
1.248,2736

Purifying Column
Pemisahan produk isoprena dengan polimer.
Pada light ends yang merupakan fase ringan diasumsi bahwa semua C 5H8
(isoprena) terpisahkan dengan persen kemurnian 99,8% sedangkan yang
menjadi impurities adalah (C5H8)2 atau polimer sebesar 0,2%.
Dari data yang diasumsi didapatkan bahwa komposisi pada tiap bagian adalah:
Top Produk
C5H8
= 99,8% 998 kg
0,2%
998 kg 2 kg
(C5H8)2
= 0,2%
99 ,8%
Bottom Produk
(C5H8)2 sisa =(12,5052 - 2)kg
= 10,5052 kg

C5H8 = 998
(C5H8)2= 2
Total = 1.000

kg = 99,8 %
kg = 0,2 %
kg = 100 %

P
U
R
I
F
Y
I
N
G

FROM C1 TOWER
C5H8 = 998kg
(C5H8)2 = 12,5052kg
Total = 1.010,5052kg

C
O
L
U
M
N

Polymer (C5H8)2 = 10,5052kg

Neraca Massa pada Purifying Column


Input
Senyawa
(kg)
C5H8
998
(C5H8)2
12,5052
Total
1.010,5052

Output (kg)
Top
998
2

Bottom
10,5052
1.010,5052