Subject Class Date Time No.

of students Learning Area

: Physics : Form 4 Bestari : 21 Mei 2009 : 3.00-3.30 pm (30 minutes) : 38 students : Forces and Motion

Learning Objective : Understanding Inertia

Learning Outcomes : At the end of the lesson, a student is able to:


Master content knowledge

a. State the definition of inertia in their own words.
b. State the relationship between inertia and mass.

c. Gives examples of situations involving inertia in daily


Master Scientific Skills/TSTS a. Hypothesizing the relationship between inertia and mass.


Demonstrate Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values a. Actively participate in discussion by distribute some ideas work as a team.

Scientific Concepts: Inertia

a. The tendency of the object to remain at rest, if it is moving, to continue its motion
in a straight line.

b. increases with mass

Materials, equipments and resource materials: a. Notes on power point slides b. Video clips Consideration of Safety Precautions: None

Prior Knowledge: Students have already learned in analysingmotion graphs, so they known about velocity.

Phase Introduction/ Eliciting Ideas ( 5 minutes)

Content -velocity = the speed in specified direction (vector quantity)

Teaching and Learning Activities Teacher Activities Student Activities 1.Teacher shows a 1. Students video caused by inertia respond to teachers and elicit students’ questions. ideas from their observation from the video.

Notes Strategy/Techniq ue: Whole class Q&A

Resources: PP slides, video

-mass = the amount of matter in an object (unit SI= kg)

2.Teacher makes connection to students’ prior knowledge by asking question.

-weight = the force of gravity acting on an

2. Students respond to teacher’s questions based on their knowledge.

Structuring/ Restructuring of Ideas (10 minutes)

object. - Newton’s first law in motion / inertia law - an object at rest stays at rest and an object in a motion stays in motion , unless acted upon by an external forces.

1.Teacher construct students’ idea to define inertia by making demonstration and showing animation.

1.Students observe, make inference

Strategy/ Technique: Interactive demonstration by teacher

2. Teacher ask the relationship between inertia and mass (hypothesizing)

2. Students make prediction and hypothesize

An inquiry activity

- Relationship between inertia and mass (The larger the mass the larger the inertia)

3.Teacher guide students to test their answer/show a video to prove the hypothesis.

Resources: PP slides, video 3. Students observe and make conclusion

4.Teacher test students’ understanding by asking the examples of situations involving inertia in daily activities. 1.Teacher provide some envelopes including 2 situationsboth of them applied inertia concept

4. Students answer based on their understanding.

Application of Ideas (10 minutes)

- positive effects of inertia

1.Students choose and discuss in a group-why it can be happen based on inertia concept

Strategy/ Techniques Group discussion

2. Briefing

2. Students make the conclusion

An inquiry activity in groups.

Reflection/ Closure (5 minutes)

-The inertia law

1.Teacher gives simple quiz – discussion.

1.Students answer the quiz-make correction

Strategy/ Techniques: Whole class Q&A

-Relationship between inertia and mass 2.Teacher preview the learning outcomes and summarize the topic. 2.Students answer teacher’s questions and conclude their lesson verbally.

Resources: PP slides and paper quiz.

3. Give reading assignment on analysing momentum for next lesson.

3.Students take note

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