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BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT: THE INDWELLING OF THE SPIRIT IN PERSPECTIVE
A RESEARCH PAPER SUBMITTED TO PROFESSOR JOHN B. CARTWRIGHT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR BIBL364
LIBERTY UNIVERSITY ONLINE
MATTHEW SHAWN PAGE
Matthew Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS BIBLIOGRAPHY---------------------------------------------10 .
“I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance. 117. John the Baptist was the first to prophecy of this baptism. . but he who is coming after me is mightier than I.Matthew Page 3 Baptism Of The Holy Spirit The Indwelling of the Spirit in Perspective Introduction The subject of baptism has been an essential topic in Christian Theology for centuries. It formed from the basis of ceremonial washings done at the “Sea of Solomon”1 by Temple priests. whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. and water baptism is the emblem. and spiritual baptism holds connection with the invisible church. Spiritual baptism is real and of intrinsic worth. The Christian baptism can be seen in the New Testament starting with John the Baptist. and the apostles baptizing new converts. Jesus getting baptized. It is ironic that Christians have debated on this issue throughout the years when Apostle Paul used it to solidify the notion that all believers are united in Christ. Water baptism holds connection with the visible church. they will automatically think of water baptism. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. Smith. When the word of baptism comes up in a conversation with many people. He states.3 There are many false doctrines associated with the baptism of the Holy Spirit when one looks at the church today. The Mode of Christian Baptism (Nashville. TN: Cumberland Press. The water baptism pre-dates back to an added ritual of Jewish tradition in the Old Testament other than just circumcision. and not the invisible. 1 2 1 Kings 7:23 NKJV Matthew 3:11 NKJV 3 M. 1899). M. There is another baptism and it is an eternal one that involves the Holy Spirit to indwell believers that put their faith in Jesus Christ.”2 Now the water baptism is a symbolic act of obedience where the later is a baptism that the Lord does within believers and placing them in the Body of Christ. and not the visible. There are several examples in the Bible that give symbolic acts of purification with water.
he says it is a “guarantee of our inheritance. Saul.”5 The Greek word for baptized means “to immerse” or “to dip”. The Spirit in the in the Old Testament would use individuals for a specific mission and depart from that person after it was accomplished.”4 This indwelling is also known and previously mentioned as the spiritual baptism of the Holy Spirit. and visions to bring forth His will. Acts 1:4-5 NKJV. It also gives insight that even though the Holy Spirit came upon them did not signify the spiritual condition of the individual. In the New Testament the Holy Spirit only indwells believers and the indwelling is permanent. . The 4 5 Ephesians 1:13-14 NKJV. This course of the Holy Spirit would be called selective indwelling. wisdom.Matthew Page 4 Holy Spirit in Old and New Testament In the Old Testament. but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now. On the day of Pentecost. the Holy Spirit temporarily came upon individuals at certain times to grant them supernatural strength. Jesus said to them. Miracle at Pentecost The day of Pentecost was already explained to the Apostles by Jesus before he ascended to Heaven. and speak truth in the hearts of men. courage. This is the major difference in the Holy Spirit’s role in the Old Testament and the New Testament. the Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles and filled them. Apostle Paul makes this clear with the letter he wrote to the Ephesians stating a permanent position in Christ. perform miracles. The Old Testament illustrates that the Holy Spirit would come upon biblical personas such as David. for John truly baptized with water. This would implicate the third person of the Godhead and display something else was coming that they have yet seen. “you have heard from Me. revelations. Joshua and many of the Judges. They began to speak with other tongues. but it also implies being identified with someone or something.
Joel 2:28-29 NKJV.”7 This marked the beginning of the new covenant for the disciples and followers of Jesus Christ. whether we be 6 7 Acts 2:38-39 NKJV. The new covenant also tears the walls down between the Jews and Gentiles because it connects them together when one accepts the Lord into their life. there are illustrations in the Bible that will give the accurate interpretation. says God. whether we be Jews or Gentiles. turned and fixed his eye upon the promise of the Spirit and this as the crowning blessing of divine grace. what work does the Spirit do within him? Paul explains to the Corinthians. . The Jews will not acknowledge or commend to this theological standpoint unless they have placed their faith in Jesus being the Messiah of the Old Testament. as soon as a sinner was converted. So after a sinner converts.Matthew Page 5 Holy Spirit fire baptized them and Peter said to them to “Repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for remission of sins.”6 Peter explains that Prophet Joel of the Old Testament prophesied that this day would come when he recited “it shall come to pass in the last days.. NY: George Hughes & Co. immediately after justification. and receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. in his book The Baptism of the Holy Ghost writes. “For by one spirit are we all baptized into one body.”8 Mahan explains that there is a promise that gives one the Holy Spirit by the Lord’s grace “immediately” after placing his or her faith in Jesus Christ. Asa Mahan. and became a believer in Christ. This spiritual baptism means believers have been placed in spiritual union with one another in the body of Christ. The gift of the Spirit is now the means whereby men enter into locking believers in with the same lineage of blessings as Abraham. Baptism In Proper Context To give and account of how the Apostles treated the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Mahan. 1870) 13. D. as the blessing which was to be sought by faith. 8 Asa D. For the promise is to you. “Hence the apostles. I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh. The Baptism of the Holy Ghost (New York.
” Dr. Theologian and Professor at Liberty University states.”9 This verse gives one understanding on what happens after receiving salvation and accepting the gift of the Holy Spirit. Towns. 11 Romans 8:9 NKJV.”11 Paul explained to the Ephesians that this belonging meant being “marked with a seal” and it “guaranteed inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession.”12 Before Christ death. 10 . 654. This spiritual union happens at salvation and is the positional basis by which God deals with him. he does not belong to Christ. Once a convert comes to know the Lord as Savior. Apostle Paul stated to the Romans.”10 Does this mean that the Holy Spirit will depart from a Christian and he will not be part of the universal church? Are there any implications that one must meet to remain in the Body of Christ? The only requirement to receive this baptism of the Holy Spirit is placing your faith in Jesus Christ. “I will ask the Father and He will give you another Counselor to be with you forever. CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning. Elmer Towns. They center their objections on two key points of scripture.Matthew Page 6 bond or free: and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.”13 These passages of Scripture and many more to supplicate this teaching portrays that once you have accepted the gift of the Holy Spirit it is eternal. Jesus said. He prophesied to his disciples concerning this baptism of the Holy Spirit. Jesus baptizes the saved person into a spiritual body that some call the “Universal Church. Elmer L. 12 Ephesians 1:13-14 NIV. the Spirit of Truth…for he lives with you and will be in you. The Samaritans believed and were 9 1 Corinthians 12:13 NKJV. False Doctrine Addressed There is a misconception with Acts 8 in the Pentecostal and Catholic denominations. 13 John 14:16-17 NIV. he or she can not be taken out the universal church. Theology for Today (Belmont. “The believer is baptized or placed into the body of Christ pictured as the universal church. “if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ. 2002).
16 Ibid.”15 She states that “there is an unanswerable case made out. Dunn. they cannot be called Christians until that time? They will also use verses 4-13 and use it to contradict itself against verses 14-24. 1970). The theological language Luke uses in this passage means that the Samaritans became Christians earlier in the passage (v. for the doctrine that there is a manifest initial evidence divinely ordained for the baptism in the Holy Spirit…that evidence being speaking in tongues”16 These false teachings are mostly backed by taken scriptures out of context. PA: Westminster Press. If they were believers and were baptized (v. if we stand on Scriptures alone. To make the statement that a believer must have a gift of the Spirit to be saved is putting gifts over the “gift” of the Holy 14 15 James D. 16) they must be called Christians. Verna M.14 There are many from the charismatic denominations that will state that evidence of a spiritual gift like speaking in tongues is necessary to be saved. This is more than likely the reason why there are Pentecostals trying to ‘out-Pentecostalize’ the other and claim to be more holy than the other on the evidence of spiritual gifts. 12) in the name of the Lord Jesus (v. 12) then showed a manifestation later recorded (v. 14-17). 46. and when many Pentecostals have experienced it during many centuries later. FL: Xulon Press. 45. Linzey claims in her book Spirit Baptism..Matthew Page 7 baptized and did not receive the Spirit until some time later. then there seems little doubt that a pattern is established for all Christians. This does not account that the issue of the Holy Spirit had to be shown by spiritual gifts or outward evidence. If they did not receive the Holy Spirit until later. and when a group of Ephesians experienced the same sign a few years later. 2008). Linzey. Baptism of the Holy Spirit (Philadelphia. This is not substantial due to the rest of the New Testament not testifying for this view. “at Pentecost. .the Gentiles experienced the same sign. Verna M. there could have been considerable doubt that tongues were intended for perpetual sign. Spirit Baptism (Longwood. she says. G.. 56..
They imply after the 2nd baptism that the person will only live holy and sin no more. Theology for Today (Belmont. The Power-For-Service View sees the baptism of the Holy Spirit as an experience in the believer that endows him for power or sets him apart for service. CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning. 2. 654.Matthew Page 8 Spirit. There are many gifts of the Spirit and He gives them out at His will. The Actual Body View believes Spirit baptism takes place when believers are placed into Christ’s body on Calvary and become partakers of His vicarious. it gives the different views of Spirit baptism and each of them giving their own interpretation: 1. The Pentecostal or Holiness View sees the baptism of the Spirit as a second work of grace that happens after salvation. burial. whereby the Holy Spirit comes later on in their walk with the Lord. The Water Baptism View says that baptism of the Holy Spirit happens when a believer is placed into a local church by water baptism. They usually identify this point with the manifestation of tongues. The Holy Spirit baptism identifies them with His death. There is wide expectation that the Holy Spirit is and eschatological gift but some say it is not directly 17 Elmer L. and that “gift” is called salvation by His grace. substitutionary death (atonement). 2002). . 3. Towns. This is not just a second baptism. In the book Theology for Today. 4. and resurrection.17 Conclusion There is a debate on who prophesied the spiritual baptism first. It has been said that there is no reference in the Jewish tradition to the Holy Spirit as the gift of the Messiah. but can happen many times in the life of the believer.
Matthew Page 9 connected to the person of the Messiah. on the subject matter of the baptism of the Holy Spirit.” Vigiliae Chistianae 38.liberty.ezproxy. http://www. no. 18 Ernest Best. (accessed July 10. he explains.jstor.org. J.edu:2048/stable/1583062? &Search=yes&term=baptism&term=acts&term=spirit&term=holy&list=hide&searchUri=/action/doAdvancedSearc h%3Fq0%3Dacts%26f0%3Dall%26c0%3DAND%26q1%3Dbaptism%2Bholy%2Bspirit%26f1%3Dall %26c1%3DAND%26q2%3D%26f2%3Dall%26c2%3DAND%26q3%3D%26f3%3Dall%26wc%3Don%26Search %3DSearch%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo%3D&item=23&ttl=3553&returnArticleService=showArticle. E. God witnesses to His acceptance and ownership of the believer. “The Holy Spirit and Christian Experience in Justin Martyr. no one can deny the spirit that connects our hearts and soul to talk about the nature of who He is and how He operates among us.18 With all these questions and deliberations going on in the Body of Christ. no. . 2 (June 1984): 173. E. Others will say it is unlikely that John made this connection and it must be attributed to the primitive Church.liberty.org. 19 J.jstor. (accessed July 9. 2010). 2010). “Spirit-Baptism.” Novum Testamentum 4.edu:2048/stable/1560126? &Search=yes&term=baptism&term=acts&term=spirit&term=holy&list=hide&searchUri=/action/doAdvancedSearc h%3Fq0%3Dacts%26f0%3Dall%26c0%3DAND%26q1%3Dbaptism%2Bholy%2Bspirit%26f1%3Dall %26c1%3DAND%26q2%3D%26f2%3Dall%26c2%3DAND%26q3%3D%26f3%3Dall%26wc%3Don%26Search %3DSearch%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo%3D&item=2&ttl=3553&returnArticleService=showArticle. MorganWynne writes an article for the Vigiliae Christianae. this baptism is a positional baptism and not an experience or feeling that places us in the Bride of Christ.ezproxy.”19 In conclusion. Morgan-Wynne. “By baptizing the believer with the Holy Spirit. 3 (October 1960): 237. http://www.
http://www.edu:2048/stable/1560126? &Search=yes&term=baptism&term=acts&term=spirit&term=holy&list=hide&searchUri =/action/doAdvancedSearch%3Fq0%3Dacts%26f0%3Dall%26c0%3DAND %26q1%3Dbaptism%2Bholy%2Bspirit%26f1%3Dall%26c1%3DAND%26q2%3D %26f2%3Dall%26c2%3DAND%26q3%3D%26f3%3Dall%26wc%3Don%26Search %3DSearch%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo %3D&item=2&ttl=3553&returnArticleService=showArticle (accessed July 10.Matthew Page 10 Bibliography Best. Towns. NY: George Hughes & Co.jstor.ezproxy. Morgan-Wynne. Belmont.” Vigiliae Chistianae 38. G.org. 2010). TN: Cumberland Press. M.” Novum Testamentum 4. M. http://www.. Dunn. J.. 1899. PA: Westminster Press.. The Mode of Christian Baptism. 3 (October 1960): 237. Theology for Today. “The Holy Spirit and Christian Experience in Justin Martyr. 2002. FL: Xulon Press. Longwood. no. Nashville. Smith. Linzey. E. no.org. Baptism of the Holy Spirit. Elmer L.. Mahan.. 1970. Ernest. Philadelphia. 2008. D. 1870.. CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning.liberty. Verna M. “Spirit-Baptism.edu:2048/stable/1583062? &Search=yes&term=baptism&term=acts&term=spirit&term=holy&list=hide&searchUri =/action/doAdvancedSearch%3Fq0%3Dacts%26f0%3Dall%26c0%3DAND %26q1%3Dbaptism%2Bholy%2Bspirit%26f1%3Dall%26c1%3DAND%26q2%3D %26f2%3Dall%26c2%3DAND%26q3%3D%26f3%3Dall%26wc%3Don%26Search %3DSearch%26sd%3D%26ed%3D%26la%3D%26jo %3D&item=23&ttl=3553&returnArticleService=showArticle(accessed July 10. 2 (June 1984): 172-177. The Baptism of the Holy Ghost.jstor.liberty.ezproxy. James D. Asa D. Spirit Baptism. . New York. 2010).
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