You are on page 1of 0

HIGHLIGHTS OF CHANGES IN THE

NEW SS CP 52 : 2004
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR
AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER
SYSTEM
PREPARED BY : SIEW YEE CHEONG PE, RI(M&E), FSE
INTEGRATED BUILDING CONSULANTS
V. President, Institution of Fire Engineers, Singapore
SS CP52 REVISION
REVIEWED BY A WORKING GROUP UNDER
SPRING SINGAPORE FROM 1999
COMPLETION OF DRAFT : 2003
PUBLIC COMMENTS
APPROVAL BY BUILDING AND
CONSTRUCTION STANDARD COMMITTEE
OFFICIAL RELEASE IN MAR. 2005
IMPLEMENTATION BY FSSD WEF JAN 06
REASONS OF REVISION
Present Code published in 1990
Change of Based Reference Code
AS2118
Take care of new FSSD requirements
Update new PUB requirements
Incorporate new technologies
General improvements
METHODS OF REVIEW
WG was formed in end 1999
WG meets once a month at SPRING
SINGAPORE
Representatives from IES, IFE, ACES,
Fire Contractor, FSSD, PUB and others
Review latest edition of AS 2118, AS
4118 and AS 2941
Basic code structure remains
unchanged
Re-insert tables after texts
Not to include residential sprinklers
Not to consider use of plastic pipes
Working Group of SS CP 52
Convenor Siew Yee Cheong
Members Leong Cheng Wee
Tay Teck Kiang
Yong Yit Lee/Ng Kok Leong
Andrew Loh
Loke Yee Weng
K. Ramanathan
Albert Lam
Tang Kian Cheong
Yeow Mei Ling
AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS 2118
Major changes to the basic Code Structure taking
place over the past 10 years
2118.1 General requirements
2118.2 Wall wetting sprinklers (Drencher)
2118.3 Deluge
2118.4 Residential
2118.5 Domestic
2118.6 Combined sprinkler & hydrant
2118.8 Minor modifications
2118.9 Piping support and installation
2118.10 Approval document
AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS 4118
AS 4118 deals mainly with products specifications
for components used in Automatic Fire Sprinkler
System
4118.1.1 Sprinklers and sprayers
4118.1.2 Alarm valves (wet)
4118.1.3 Water motor alarm
4118.1.4 Valves monitors
4118.1.5 Deluge and pre-action valves
4118.1.6 Stop valves & non-return valves
4118.1.7 Alarm valves (dry)
4118.1.8 Pressure reducing valves
4118.1.9 Accelerators and exhausters
4118.2.1 Piping - General
AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS 2941
Fixed Fire Protection Installations
Pumpset Systems
Referred by AS 2118 for fire pump
installation
SINGAPORE STANDARDS CP52 : 2004
Scope
Definitions
Classes of sprinkler system and
design data
Installation
Water supplies
Spacing and location of
sprinklers
Sprinklers, sprayers and
multiple controls
SINGAPORE STANDARDS CP52 : 2004
Piping
Valves and ancillary equipment
Light hazard class systems
Ordinary hazard class systems
High hazard class systems
Full hydraulic calculation of sprinkler
systems
Major Amendments To CP52 : 2004
More definitions incorporated
Define standard sprinklers and special
sprinklers
Hazard classification up-dated
Re-name hazard class
Protection of un-sprinklered building
Size of Installation
Re-cycling pre-action system removed
Protection against exposure hazard added
System component fault monitoring added
Major Amendments To CP52 : 2004
Pumps installed under suction lift
disallowed
Update sections on electric driver,
compression-ignition driver and their
controllers
New requirements for vortex inhibitor
Proving of water supplies changed
Sprinkler protection for external space
amended
Permit use of NFPA standards, subject to
approval by relevant authority, for high
challenge storage occupancies.
Major Amendments To CP52 : 2004
Location of installation valve better defined
Provisions of water alarm gong
Remote test valve added
New section on pressure maintenance pump
Full hydraulic calculations for LH and
concealed space under OH
Increase max. spacing from 4m to 4.2m
between sprinklers and from 2m to 2.1m
between sprinkler and wall for OH
Water tank capacity for HH revised
Section of full hydraulic calculations added
More Definitions Incorporated
More Definitions Incorporated
1. New definitions for standard sprinklers &
special sprinklers
Standard Sprinkler Special Sprinkler
Conventional Extended Coverage
Spray Large Drop
Dry Pendant ESFR
Flush Extra large Orifice
Recessed Enlarged orifice
Concealed
Sidewall
Fast Response
More Definitions Incorporation
More Definitions Incorporation
2. Various type of sprinkler systems
b) Dry System
a) Wet system
c) Pre-action System
d) Deluge System
e) Tail-end System
f) ESFR System
Hazard Classification Up
Hazard Classification Up
-
-
dated
dated
& Rename of Hazard Class
& Rename of Hazard Class
1. No fundamental change of Hazard Class
a) Light Hazard (LH)
b) Ordinary Hazard 1 (OH I)
c) Ordinary Hazard 2 (OH II)
d) Ordinary Hazard 3 (OH III)
e) Ordinary Hazard Special (OH SP)
f) High Hazard 1 (HH)
i. Process Work
ii. Storage Work Cat.1 to Cat. 4
ESFR Sprinkler System
ESFR Sprinkler System
1. Wet system.
2. Applied to high piled storage area only.
3. Design to Factory Mutual, Loss
Prevention Data and NFPA standards.
4. In-rack sprinklers can be reduced or
eliminated.
5. Design principle and operating
characteristics different from standard
sprinklers.
Comparison Comparison betn betn ESFR Sprinklers & standard Sprinklers ESFR Sprinklers & standard Sprinklers
3.8 5.3 25.0
300
260
Assumed
Area of
Operation
(sq. m)
30.6
20.0
17.5
15.0
12.5
10.0
7.5
Discharge
Density
(mm/min)
Category 4 Category 3 Category 2
Maximum Stack Height Permitted for protection
by ceiling sprinklers only (m)
6.0
4.4
4.1
3.7
3.2
2.6
2.2
4.4
3.3
3.0 6.0 -
2.7 5.6 -
2.3 5.0 6.8
2.0 4.2 5.7
1.6 3.4 4.7
Category 1
Standard Sprinklers
Standard Sprinklers
ESFR Sprinklers
ESFR Sprinklers
According to table 12.3.4.3.1 of NFPA 13 for ESFR Protection of rack storage
without solid shelves of Class I through Class IV commodities stored over 7.6 m in height
Yes 4.3 16.8
No 2.8 25.2
Yes 6.2 14.0
13.7
12.2
No 2.8 25.2
Yes 4.3 16.8
Yes 6.2 14.0
13.7
No 1.7 25.2
No 3.6 16.8
No 5.2 14.0
12.2
10.7
No 2.8 25.2
Yes 4.3 16.8
Yes 6.2 14.0
13.7
No 1.7 25.2
No 3.6 16.8
No 5.2 14.0
12.2
No 1.4 25.2
No 3.6 16.8
No 5.2 14.0
10.7
9.1
In-Rack
Sprinkler
Min. Operating
Pressure (bar)
K factor Max. Ceiling
Roof (m)
Max. Storage
Ht (m)
Hazard Classification Up
Hazard Classification Up
-
-
dated
dated
& Rename of Hazard Class
& Rename of Hazard Class
2. Exhibition Halls from OH SP to HH.
e.g. Electrical appliance Cat. 1 if metal, Cat.
3 if plastic
3. List of Storage category up-dated.
Sprinkler Protected Building
Sprinkler Protected Building
1. A sprinkler protected building to be
sprinkler protected throughout no
change.
2. Separation of un-sprinkler building reduces
from 4 hours to 2 hours fire resistance
rating.
1. Provision of
external sprinkler
to glazed opening
or roof overhang
of sprinkler
buildings
2. Applied where
external wall is
less than 1/2 hour
fire rating and
located within 10m
of an explosive
hazard.
Explosion hazard
Explosion hazard
Size Of Installation Per Control Valve
Size Of Installation Per Control Valve
1. For LH & OH 9,000m2
2. For HH 8,000m2
3. For HH with high pile storage 6,000m2
where area >1000 m2
4. For HH with high pile storage 8,000m2
where area <1000 m2
5. For HH in-rack sprinkler 4,000m2
(rack area)
Existing requirement
1. For ELH 500 sprinklers
2. For OH & EHH 1000 sprinklers
Provision Of Fault Monitoring For
Provision Of Fault Monitoring For
System Components
System Components
Class A monitoring devices shall be installed in
all cases except that that Class B devices are
permitted where the monitored components are
located within a secure area or room with
access restricted by means of security devices
or a system providing at least the same level of
security as achieved with Class A monitoring.
Provision Of Fault Monitoring For
Provision Of Fault Monitoring For
System Components
System Components
Class A monitoring devices shall transmit a signal
upon:
a) A change of status of the monitored equipment
b) Any attempt to tamper with or bypass the
monitoring device, and
c) Any attempt to tamper with or bypass the
connection back to the receiving center
Class B monitoring devices shall transmit a signal
upon:
a) A change of status of the monitored equipment
b) Any attempt to tamper with or bypass the
connection back to the receiving center
System To be Monitored
System To be Monitored
Continuous system shall be installed -
a) In systems containing High Hazard portions greater than
300m2
b) In buildings greater than 25m effective height; and
c) Where required by acts or regulations
The following components shall be monitored
a) Water supply stop valves excluding underground key-
operated valves.
b) Mains stop valves.
c) Subsidiary stop valves.
d) Power supply for each electric-motor driven pumps.
e) Controller ready to start condition battery voltage and
fuel level for each compression-ignition driven pump.
Components To be Monitored
Pumps not to be installed under
Pumps not to be installed under
suction lift conditions
suction lift conditions
1. System reliability
2. Maintenance problem
3. Disallowed by NFPA 13.
4. Sunken tank still possible when turbine type of pump
is used.
Proving Of Water Supplies
Proving Of Water Supplies
1. For pump installation, water proving is to be carried
out the pump similar to NFPA 13/ 20.
2. For gravity tank , water proving remains at Control
Valve.
Requirements For Pump
Requirements For Pump
1. No. of pumps remains unchanged.
2. Separate section provided for electric drivers and
electric controllers .
3. Separate section provided for compression-ignition
drivers and controllers.
4. New section on pressure maintenance pump added.
- Size not exceeding 4 L/min to take care of allowable
leakage.
Protection of Atrium
Protection of Atrium
1. For non-industrial building only,
atrium not exceeding 12m are
exempted from sprinkler protection,
subject to no commercial activities
or storage below atrium roof and
installation of detection system.
Protection Of External Spaces
Protection Of External Spaces
1. For non-industrial building only, sprinkler protection
to canopy, car porch,open-sided link way not
required not required is in line with the Fire Code.
Location Of Control Valve
1. Externally near or adjacent to FCC, inside fire
fighting lobby or in a protected area readily
accessible from common area.
Water Alarm Gong
1. No restriction on the no. of CVs that a single water
alarm gong it serves.
Light Hazard Class System
Light Hazard Class System
1. Design data changed to 48 L/min per
sprinkler for operating up to 6 sprinklers.
2. Water tank capacity 30 min water flow
plus 20%
Remote Test Valve
Remote Test Valve
1. To be provided for commissioning and periodic
testing.
2. > 25mm Pipe at end of range pipe in remote group of
sprinklers.
3. Additional test valve at highest level.
4. Readily accessible, locked shut and labeled.
Sprinkler Spacing For OH
Sprinkler Spacing For OH
1. Between sprinkler from 4.0m to 4.2m
Sprinkler to wall from 2.0m to 2.1m
2. Side wall sprinkler along wall from 3.7m to 3.4m if
ceiling is combustible.
Use of Full Hydraulic Calculation
Design Encourage
1. LH to be fully hydraulically calculated using new set of
design parameters
2. Concealed space protection under OH to be fully
hydraulically calculated.
3. Pre-calculated piping design still allowed for OH design.
Revived Water Storage Capacity for HH
Revived Water Storage Capacity for HH
90 1094 000 30.0
90 1002 000 27.5
90 911 000 25.0
90 820 000 22.5
90 729 000 20.0
90 553 000 17.5
90 474 000 15.0
90 395 000 12.5
90 316 000 10.0
90 237 000 7.5
Maximum Period of
Inflow For Suction
Tanks (Min)
Minimum
Capacity L
Design
Density
No Changes
No Changes
1. Design data for OH and HH.
2. Pump requirements for OH and HH
3. Water Tank Capacity for OH
a) Using shared water tank with wet riser
system
b) Reduced water tank size as permitted by
FSSD with conditions.
4. Maximum coverage per sprinkler
5. Beams rule
END
END