THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW Introduction I. Unique Place in the Canon Matthew's Gospel is the perfect bridge between the Old and the New Testaments. Its very first words throw us back to the forefather of the OT people of God, Abraham, and to the first great king of Israel, David. In its emphasis, strong Jewish flavor, its many quotations from the Hebrew Scriptures, and its position at the head of the NT books, Matthew is the logical place to start the Christian message to the world. II. Authorship The external evidence is ancient and universal that Matthew the tax collector, also called Levi, wrote the First Gospel. His name means ―gift of God‖ and he was one of the twelve apostles. Tradition says that Matthew preached for fifteen years in Palestine and then left to evangelize in foreign parts. There, he accomplished much, with teaching as well as with miracles. In a.d. 66 he was arrested while he stood teaching in a church in Ethiopia. He was dragged outside, nailed to the ground with short spears, and beheaded. It is possible that about a.d. 45 he left behind for the Jews who had accepted Jesus as their Messiah a first draft of his Gospel in Aramaic (or just the discourses of Christ), and later made a Greek edition for universal use. A similar thing was done by Matthew's contemporary, Josephus. This Jewish historian made an Aramaic first draft of his Jewish Wars and then the final form of the book in Greek. The internal evidence of the First Gospel does fit well with a devout Jew who loved the OT and was gifted as a careful writer and editor. As a civil servant of Rome, Matthew would have to be proficient in both the language of his people (Aramaic) and of the ruling authorities. (The Romans used Greek, not Latin, in the East.) The numerical details, parables regarding money, and the monetary terms all fit in with a tax collector. So does the concise, orderly style. III. Date If the widespread belief that Matthew made an Aramaic first edition of his Gospel (or at least of the sayings of Jesus) is so, a date for that of a.d. 45, fifteen years after the Ascension, would fit in with ancient tradition. He could have brought out the fuller, canonical Gospel in Greek in 50 or 55, or even later. IV. Background and Theme In his Gospel, Matthew sets out to show that Jesus is the long-expected Messiah of Israel, the only lawful Claimant to the throne of David. Matthew 1 An Introduction to Jesus the Messiah

is a record of the life of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (―father‖ and ―son‖ in Hebrew does not mean adjacently as they have no word for grandfather, or grandson. Why does the NT begins with something as seemingly dull as a family tree? Why can‘t we skip over it to where the action begins?


However, the genealogy is indispensable. It lays the foundation for all that follows. Matthew is laying down the claim to the throne of David, the legal line of Jesus). The Ancestry of Jesus (Luke 3:23-28)

fathered Isaac, Isaac fathered Jacob, and Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers. 3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez fathered Hezron, Hezron fathered Aram, (―Tamar‖: Cf. Gen 38. Perez and Zerah are the illegitimate offspring of Tamar by Judah when he thought she was a prostitute and lay with her. ―Perez‖: 10 generations to David. Ruth 4:18-22. In Leviticus an illegitimate son prohibits inheritance until the 10th generation.) 4Aram fathered Amminadab, Amminadab fathered Nahshon, and Nahshon fathered Salmon. 5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab, Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth, Obed fathered Jesse, (Rahab: of Joshua‘s time. Thus, Boaz had a Gentile mother, Rahab!) 6and Jesse fathered King David. David fathered Solomon by the wife of Uriah, (―Wife of Uriah‖ = Bathsheba). 7Solomon fathered Rehoboam, Rehoboam fathered Abijah, Abijah fathered Asaph, 8Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, Joram fathered Uzziah, 9Uzziah fathered Jotham, Jotham fathered Ahaz, Ahaz fathered Hezekiah, 10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh, Manasseh fathered Amos, and Amos fathered Josiah. 11Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the deportation to Babylon. (―Jechoniah‖: 2 Chr 36:8; Jer 22:24-30. God pronounces a blood curse on Jechoniah! Matthew takes us down the royal line through Jechoniah to David and then Joseph. The Messiah must be eligible for the throne of David, yet can‘t be under the blood curse of Jechoniah. Luke 3 gives us the answer. This genealogy from Adam to Abraham through David is the same as Matthew, but at David Luke goes through Nathan – not Solomon - down to Heli, the father of Mary. Of the house of David, yet NOT under the blood curse of Jechoniah! Some point to the different genealogies of Jesus as ―errors‖ in the Bible. However, Matthew gives the paternal genealogy of the Messiah through His legal father, and Luke 3:23 gives His maternal genealogy through His mother.) 12After the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Salathiel, Salathiel fathered Zerubbabel, 13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud, Abiud fathered Eliakim, Eliakim fathered Azor, 14Azor fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Achim, Achim fathered Eliud, 15Eliud fathered Eleazar, Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob. 16Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah. (Messiah is the Hebrew for the Anointed One. Christ is the Greek Translation. Very unusual to have women in a genealogy, yet in Jesus‘ we see 5 women listed: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba and Mary!) 17So all the generations from Abraham to David totaled fourteen generations, and from David to the


deportation to Babylon totaled fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah there were fourteen generations. (14 = the numerical value of the Heb. name David. The throne of David ends at Babylon. If you count the generations, from Joram to Uzziah there are three guys missing: Ahaziah, Joash and Amaziah! Ahaziah was called the son-in-law to the House of Jacob and slain by Jehu. Cf 2 Kgs 8-9. Joash was slain by the servants in 2 Kings 12 and Amaziah was slain by the people of Jerusalem in 2 Kings 14. God was visiting them because of idolatry, and fulfilled literally the punishing of the third and fourth generations. Deuteronomy 29 instructs that their names be blotted out! While you will find their records in the Old Testament, they are blotted out of the genealogy!). The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:1-7)

the birth of Jesus the Messiah happened in this way. When his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they lived together she was discovered to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. (In NT times, betrothal was a form of engagement, but more binding than engagement today, and it could be broken only by divorce. Although an engaged couple did not live together until the marriage ceremony, unfaithfulness on the part of the betrothed was treated as adultery and punishable by death. A friend of the groom was assigned to watch over the bride during the espousal period to assure her virginity until the wedding day. The espousal period was usually about one year long. The long period, in the case of a virgin, was twofold. It gave them time to make sure that she was not already pregnant by another man and it proved their dedication to each other. During this time, the man could write the bride a bill of divorce if he found anything ―unseemly‖ in her. See Deut. 24: 1,2. She would then be free to marry another man.) 19Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to disgrace her, decided to divorce her secretly. (…when he saw her 3 months later, after she returned from her visit to her cousin Elizabeth. ―Unwilling to disgrace her‖ by having her stoned to death – Lev 20:10.) 20After he had thought about it, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. “Joseph, son of David,” he said, “don‟t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. (No doubt Joseph had confronted Mary about the baby and she had told him about the angel coming to her and his message. But Joseph didn‘t believe her until the angel spoke to him in a dream. ―son of David‖: Interesting title for Joseph. David was promised by God that the Messiah would come from his line.). 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus, because he is the one who will save his people from their sins.” (The name Jesus means The Lord saves. Many seem to wish somehow to be His people, but they do not quite desire to be saved from their sins. They wish to be saved only from the consequences of their sins. Any salvation that does not save one from sinning, as well as

those with hatred or those paying homage! The entire world falls into one of these two categories. John 7:5. i.‖ A young maiden becoming pregnant is not a sign from God. or magi-astrologers. and he named him Jesus. Never before. Acts 1:14. i. Used twice in Isaiah. (Matthew claims divine inspiration for the words of Isaiah—the Lord had spoken by the prophet at least 700 years before Christ. This is the first Herod. Note the Magi were Gentiles! Why does the Bible commend the Magi for following the star. and they will name him Immanuel. Aramaic speaking wise men from Mesopotamia. he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary as his wife. More than three. and in those days one must travel in large groups to survive. Dan 1:4. The first question of the New Testament: ――Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? Gen 3:9 is first question of the Old Testament: God called to Adam ――Where are you?‖ The first question in the Old Testament deals with the first Adam. after which he married her. one each. ―Immanuel‖ = God with us.” (Cf. and so throughout the chapter. wise men arrived in Jerusalem from the east (―Wise men‖ = Lit. John 7:3. They traveled a long way.e. 1 Cor 9:5.Matthew from the consequences. b ut an everyday occurrence. When they arrived they stirred up the whole town.) Matthew 2 The Visit of the Wise Men 1After Jesus had been born in Bethlehem of Judea during the reign of King Herod. One cannot be a part of His people while giving his allegiance to the world and the satisfying of wrongful desires). the first question in the New Testament deals with the last Adam. cf. ―Herod‖: There were many Herods. Other references which indicate that Mary had children by Joseph are Mat 12:46. Two kinds of people found here in Chapter 2. Some say this was not a ―virgin‖ but merely a ―young maiden. they knew that by this event that they were being moved into was a supernatural event.) 25He did not have marital relations with her until she had given birth to a son. Jerusalem at that time was not a small place to be stirred up easily. therefore must have been a large group. citing a statement by the LORD. We assume that there were three as they gave three gifts. A virgin conceiving is a supernatural sign. magoi. (The teaching that Mary remained a virgin all of her life is disproved by the consummation of their marriage mentioned in this verse. He continued to recognize their betrothal until Jesus' birth. “God with us.) 24When Joseph got up from his sleep.) 23“See. Joseph abandoned his plan to divorce Mary. These Persians seem to know a lot more than stargazing. is a delusion. means the incarnation of God.. when . 22Now all this happened to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said. Isa 7:14. Mat 13:55-56. “Where is the one who was born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.‖ Isaiah 7:14 says that God Himself will give a ―sign. ) 2and asked. Mar 6:3.” (Wise men still seek Him.” which means. a virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son.e. (As a result of the angel's intervention. and Gal 1:19.

18:10. the priests and scribes were. (The star reappeared. 5They told him. This indicates that the star had not guided them all the way from the East. The star used in the biblical account was to announce the birth of Christ. found out from them the time the star had appeared. too. they were ecstatic with joy.Matthew it condemns astrology – see Lev. Also. not to foretell this event. ―from everlasting‖: One born in Bethlehem is going to be pre-existent! How can we explain Matthew‘s apparent misquotation of Micah 5:2? The phrase that is not mentioned in Micah is actually taken from 2 Samuel 5:2 . God gave the star to the Magi to proclaim to them that the child had already been born.‖ was a calculated insult to him who had contrived and bribed his way into that office. “In Bethlehem of Judea. Their request of Herod. For example. because that is what was written by the prophet: 6„O Bethlehem in the land of Judah. as yet. because from you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel. These attitudes were omens of the way in which the Messiah would be received. and he was also Idumaean.the throne of David did not exist in the times of Christ. The combining of verses does not take away what is being said.‟” (Micah 5:2: Ruler of Israel .) 3When King Herod heard this. Ordinarily mention would be made of a . Matthew 27:9–10 combines some of Zechariah 11:12–13 with Jeremiah 19:2. search carefully for the child. They preserved and taught the law and served as judges in the Sanhedrin). Isa. When you find him. they fell down and worshipped him. and the star they had seen in the east went ahead of them until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. 19:26. regarding the one ―who was born king of the Jews. Then they opened their treasure sacks and offered him gifts of gold.” (This secrecy betrayed his sadistic motive: he would need this information if he was unable to locate the right Child. tell me so that I.11 and 32:6–9. “As you go. (Notice that they saw Jesus with His mother.) 9After listening to the king. He told them.) 10When they saw the star. Deut. Herod was paranoid that is why he built fortresses like Masada …12 in all). he was put on the throne. as was all of Jerusalem. Mark 1:2–3 combines some of Isaiah 40:3 with Malachi 3:1. frankincense.) 7Then Herod secretly called together the wise men. 8:19? Astrology is a belief that the study of the arrangement and movement of the stars can enable one to foretell events— whether they will be good or bad.) 11After they went into the house and saw the child with his mother Mary. and myrrh. you are by no means least among the rulers of Judah. The scribes of the people were lay experts in the Law of Moses. (These Gentiles diligently sought for Christ. but it strengthens the point that the author is making. There are other instances where an author combines one Scripture with another. he was disturbed. they set out. Herod planned to kill Him. indifferent. 4He called together all the high priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the Messiah was to be born. the people of Jerusalem were troubled. (Their information makes Herod nervous as he was not King of the Jews. may go and worship him. and later decides to pick two-year-olds and under to be slain!) 8and sent them to Bethlehem. (The high priests were the high priest and his sons and perhaps other members of his family. (Herod inquires as to how long the star appeared.

That‘s why the wise men from the East found the baby Jesus in a house whe n they arrived. who were two years old and younger.) The Escape to Egypt 13After they had gone. There are times when the text has double meanings.” (From infancy the threat of death hung over our Lord. I. crushed. Isaiah was speaking of Christ's second coming—His coming in power and great glory. and left at night for Egypt. and be willing to sacrifice everything for so great a privilege as meeting the King. Those who are wise today will listen for His voice. and flee to Egypt. Ex 4:22. not Mary! Jesus was born in a cattle shed. frankincense – priesthood. and gave extravagant gifts to this newborn King. There will be no myrrh then because He will not suffer then. In the millennium. and King. but only at the appointed time. we find from Isaiah. The wise men worshiped Jesus. they left for their own country by a different road. Jer 31:9. Question: What insect went to Egypt on a donkey? The Flea: The angel told Joseph to take Mary. Israel nationally is spoken of as God‘s son. an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. spent months away from their homes. Anyone who walks in God's will is immortal until his work is done. It is apparent that He was born to die. True encounter with Him transforms all of life. here in Hosea means both Israel nationally and Jesus when God calls His son out of Egypt.Matthew mother first. 15He stayed there until Herod‟s death in order to fulfill what was declared by the Lord through the prophet when he said. take the child and his mother. so he ordered the execution of all the male children in Bethlehem and all its neighboring regions. an ointment or spice for burial. Isa 41:8 and 42:1-4. because Herod intends to search for the child and kill him. Rom 9:4-5. 52:13-14. But in Matthew the myrrh is included because His first coming is in view. myrrh . ) 14So Joseph got up. “Stay there until I tell you. Prophet. Luke 2:7. “Get up. (Herod was . Why was myrrh omitted? Because His death is behind Him. that he is given gifts: gold and frankincense. (No one who meets Christ with a sincere heart ever returns the same way. but no myrrh.) 12Having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod.) The Massacre of the Infants 16Herod flew into a rage when he learned that he had been tricked by the wise men. according to the time that he had determined from the wise men.” he said.” (Hosea 11:1: 700 years before! Cf. follow His guidance. but this Child is unique and must be given first place.e. Maybe others but these mentioned because they are prophetic: gold – deity. “Out of Egypt I called my Son. frankincense and myrrh. ―Gifts‖: Ones mentioned are gold. a family opened their home to them. They made great personal and financial sacrifices to see this Child: they traveled a great distance. the Child and flee to Egypt. not necessarily all mentioned. But evidently when people heard of the baby born in a shed. took the child and his mother. then her child.

Those who follow Him are privileged to share His reproach . Cf Isa 53:3. So we should not expect to find any given verse.” he said.Matthew angry that the wise men did not honor his request to tell him where the child was. netser. He simply affirmed that the OT ―prophets‖ predicted that Jesus would be called a Nazarene. because those who were trying to kill the child are dead. The Gk. 18“A voice was heard in Ramah: wailing and great mourning. Zech. So when verse 23 says He will be called a Nazarene. The reason Herod ordered all boys two years of age and under be put to death was because he didn‘t want his soldiers to misjudge Jesus‘ age and pass Him up. She refused to be comforted. because they no longer existed.” (Rachel was buried near Bethlehem. Dan. Jer 31:15) The Return to Nazareth 19But after Herod died. A more probable explanation is that ―Nazarene‖ is used to describe anyone who lived in Nazareth. Ps 22:6. Cf. it means that He would be treated with contempt. but instead they left secretly. the slaughter by Herod. He was given a nickname of It is amazing that when the mighty God came to earth. some claim that Jesus must have been two years old when the wise men came. he was afraid to go there. Because of the wording here. 17Then what was declared by the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said. 9:26. but simply a general truth found in many prophets to correspond to His Nazarene-like character. But that‘s not good reasoning. What evidently happened was that very shortly after Mary and Joseph had taken Jesus to the Temple – Luke 2:22-39 – they were visited by the wise men. meaning branch .Heb 13:13). and went into the land of Israel. So he left for the region of Galilee 23and settled in a town called Nazareth in order to fulfill what was said by the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene. Isa 11:1 .” (Didn‘t Matthew make a mistake by claiming a prophecy that is not found in the OT? Matthew did not say that any particular OT ―prophet‖ stated this. and go to the land of Israel. If the wise men had come when Jesus was two years of age. took the child and his mother. they were immediately directed to take Jesus to Egypt. 20“Get up. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of his father Herod. Rachel was crying for her children.” 21So Joseph got up. after having been warned in a dream. 12:10. Herod no doubt would have put the age limit much higher than two years). Then following that.and the name Nazareth. a despised place ―on the other side of the tracks. an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt. . “Take the child and his mother.‖ Nathaniel expresses this by a proverbial question in John 1:46. It is very unlikely that Mary and Joseph would have stayed on in Bethlehem more than a few days after Jesus was born before heading back home. She no doubt represented the many mothers in Israel who had lost their little sons and were now weeping and wailing hysterically. and she is represented figuratively here as rising from her grave to lament with screams of soulpiercing anguish. Nazoraios may be a word play between Heb. He felt sure to get Him if he put on the two-year limit.

They have never taken the proper pains to qualify themselves for the work.‖ Two-thirds of ―God‖ is ―go‖. One-third of the word ―gospel‖ is ―go. not the Church. He preached the greatest sermon of all time.‖ The King would soon appear. but like King Og. the ―Sermon on the Mount‖ in the open -air. People complain that they do not know how to take hold of this matter. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (The first word John the Baptist preached to Israel was ―repent. Charles Finney put his finger on the reason why: ―It is the great business of every Christian to save souls. his father was Zacarias.M.) 3He was the one the prophet Isaiah was referring to when he said. —all welcome. in the desert . His self-renunciation was a stinging . The gospel is for the world. they have never studied it. we seem to have it backwards. John the Baptist was an open-air preacher. must confess and forsake their sins. “He is a voice calling out in the wilderness: „Prepare the way for the Lord! Make his paths straight!‟” (Prophesied by Isaiah over seven hundred years before his time: Cf. Isa 40:3) 4John had clothing made of camel‟s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist. (30 years between chapters 2 & 3! ―John the Baptist‖: Not to be confused with John the gospel writer. let us follow in the footsteps of Jesus and the apostles and preach where sinners gather. 7 P. scalding experience to meet John—a man who cared for none of the things that people ordinarily live for. We take sinners to meetings rather than meetings to sinners. He is preaching out of the camp. pad the pews then put a notice outside the front door saying.‖ He who loves his neighbor as himself will be concerned for his eternal welfare. Luke 3:1-9.‖ They went into the open air. 2“Repent. but He would not reign over people who clung to their sins. who wrote 5 books of the New Testament. His absorption with spiritual realities must have made others realize how poor they were. how you may successfully act in building up the kingdom of Christ. John the Baptist was born into the priesthood. The Church prefers to fish on dry land rather than get its feet wet. He who couldn‘t care less that every day multitudes of living people are being swallowed by the jaws of hell has a heart of stone indeed. In thirty minutes. If you do not make it a matter of study. you are acting a very wicked and absurd part as a Christian. the reason is plain enough. It must have been a convicting. Thank God that the disciples didn‘t stay in the upper room. a good open-air preacher can reach more sinners than the average church does in twelve months. John 1:19-28) 1About this time.Matthew Matthew 3 John the Baptist Prepares the Way (Mark 1:1-8. ―Tonight: Gospel outreach service. If we are serious about reaching this world. Peter preached in the open-air at Pentecost and Paul chose to stand on Mars Hill and preach open-air to the Athenians. His diet consisted of grasshoppers and wild honey. Why. preaching in the Judean wilderness. John the Baptist appeared. therefore must have rejected the Levitical/Talmudic establishment. (Very similar to the description of Elijah in 2 Kgs 1. Jesus was an open-air preacher. 15-17. They didn‘t carpet the building.). They must change directions.


rebuke to the worldliness of his day.) 5Then the people of Jerusalem, all Judea, and the entire region along the Jordan began flocking to him, 6being baptized by him in the Jordan River while they confessed their sins. (Baptism was a Jewish ritual, used ceremonially. Baptism is a way of identifying with something. Here they are identifying with the confession of their sins. Sin – anything morally wrong, or disobedience to God, parents, the state, etc.) 7But when John saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he told them, “You children of serpents! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? (Jewish leaders upset at lack of attendance to their rituals came to look, to see what was going on, but they refused to be affected by his preaching or to be baptized. Luke 7:30. ―Children of serpents‖: To a Pharisee this refers to Gen 3:15, the seed of the serpent. He is calling them the sons of Satan! ―Pharisees‖ = ―separatists,‖ the legalists, the ritualists, out of them come the traditions of the Talmudic Jew. ―Sadducees‖ = liberalists, modernists, humanists, religious skeptics, denied the inspiration of the Word. They didn‘t believe in the existence of angels, the immortality of the soul, and eternal punishment. They also didn‘t believe in the resurrection. That‘s why they are ―sad-usee.‖) 8Produce fruit that is consistent with repentance! (True repentance amounts to nothing whatever if it produces only a few tears, a spasm of regret, a little fright. We must leave the sins we repent of and walk in the new, clean ways of holiness.) 9Don‟t think you can say to yourselves, „We have father Abraham!‟ because I tell you that God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones! (―these stones‖: Josh 3, the stone monuments as a memorial for the crossing of the Jordan River. The saying is true that God has no grandchildren. No one becomes a child of God just because of godly parents or other ancestors. The same is true for Jews.) 10The ax already lies against the roots of the trees. So every tree that isn‟t producing good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. (John was saying that a work of divine judgment was about to begin. Christ's arrival and presence would test all men. Cf. John 15:1-6) 11I am baptizing you with water as evidence of repentance, but the one who is coming after me is stronger than I am, and I am not worthy to carry his sandals. It is he who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. (The original Greek word for baptize is ―baupto‖ and means to dip, to immerse. The baptism with the Holy Spirit is distinct from the baptism with fire. The former is a baptism of blessing, the latter of judgment. The former took place at Pentecost, the latter is still future. The former is enjoyed by all true believers in the Lord Jesus, the latter will be the fate of all unbelievers. The former would be for those Israelites whose baptism was an outward sign of inward repentance, the latter would be for the Pharisees, Sadducees, and all who showed no evidence of true repentance. Some teach that the baptism with the Holy Spirit and the baptism with fire are the same event, i.e., could not the baptism with fire refer to the tongues of fire that appeared when the Spirit was given at Pentecost? In light of verse 12 which equates fire with judgment, it probably does not.) 12His winnowing fork is in his hand. He will clean up his threshing floor and gather his grain into the barn, but he will burn the chaff


with inextinguishable fire.” (The fire in verse 12 means judgment, and since this verse is an amplification of verse 11, it is reasonable to conclude that the baptism with fire is a baptism of judgment.) Jesus is Baptized (Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22)

Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. (Jesus walked approximately sixty miles from Galilee to the lower Jordan River to be baptized by John. This indicates the importance which He attached to this ceremony and it should indicate the significance of baptism for His followers today.) 14But John tried to stop him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and are you coming to me?” (John didn‘t yet know that Jesus was the Messiah – see verses 16-17 and John 1:31-34, but they were second cousins – Luke 1:5-56 – and John had undoubtedly been deeply impressed for years by Jesus‘ complete dedication to God.) 15But Jesus answered him, “Let it be this way for now, because this is the proper way for us to fulfill all righteousness.” At this, he permitted him to be baptized. (Why did Jesus insist upon being baptized? Baptism usually associated with the confession of sins. Did Jesus have any sins to confess? He was sinless: 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5; John 14:30. See Isa 53:12. At John‘s baptism, Jesus is declaring publicly His identity with the sinner.) 16When Jesus had been baptized, he immediately came up out of the water. Suddenly, the heavens opened up for him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him. (Cf John 1:29-34) 17Then a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love. I am pleased with him!” (This is His formal opening for His ministry. Just as persons and things in the OT were consecrated to sacred purposes by ―the holy anointing oil‖ - Ex 30:25-30, so He was anointed Messiah by the Holy Spirit. Appropriate that this event is commemorated by the Trinity, Father through the voice, Holy Spirit through the dove-like descending and the Son being baptized. The last time a voice from heaven was heard was at Mt Sinai when the Law was given. How interesting it is that the same voice which gave the law, is now announcing the remedy for breaking the law, namely, His Son. This is one of three occasions when the Father spoke from heaven in delighted acknowledgment of His unique Son. The other places are Mat 17:5 and John 12:28.) Matthew 4 Jesus is Tempted by Satan (Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)

this, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. (Mark 1:12 indicates this happened immediately after Jesus‘ baptism. Why


should the Holy Spirit lead Him into such an encounter? The answer is that this temptation was necessary to demonstrate His moral fitness to do the work for which He had come into the world. The first Adam proved his unfitness for dominion when he met the adversary in the Garden of Eden. Here the last Adam meets the devil in a head-on confrontation and emerges unscathed. The purpose of the temptation was not to see if He would sin, but to prove that even under tremendous pressure He could do nothing but obey the Word of God. There is deep mystery connected with the temptation of our Lord. Inevitably the question arises, ―Could He have sinned?‖ If we answer ―No,‖ then we must face the further question, ―How could it be a real temptation if He could not yield?‖ If we answer ―Yes,‖ we are faced with the problem of how God incarnate could sin. Like us, Jesus could be tempted from without: Satan came to Him with suggestions contrary to the will of God. But unlike us, He could not be tempted from within—no sinful lusts or passions could originate in Him. Furthermore, there was nothing in Him that would respond to the devil's seductions (John 14:30; 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22; 1 John 3:5). 2After fasting for 40 days and 40 nights, he finally became hungry. (The number 40 in Scripture is frequently used in contexts of testing or probation. Moses, David, etc. all went into the wilderness, typically for 40 days for a time of fasting and prayer. ―Fasting‖: Many different kinds. Extended fasts, second and third days are tough, yet after third day, easier for about another 37 days. Around 40th day you will be desperately in need of food in a medical sense.) 3Then the tempter came. “Since you are the Son of God,” he said, “tell these stones to become loaves of bread.” (What is wrong with turning rocks into bread? The fast is over and he is validity hungry. Is there anything wrong, morally, legally, levitically with being hungry? Jesus has used His supernatural power in other incidents to feed the multitudes, so why not use it now? The issue is not Him providing for His needs, but rather the Father‘s Will. Jesus discerned that it was not the Father‘s Will for Him to take this path. For us, we can‘t turn rocks into bread so we are not tempted by this incident. However, you are never tempted to do something which you are not capable of doing. You won‘t stumble in your weak suit; you will stumble in your strong suit. For example, Peter - his strongest capability was boldness and courage. Where did Peter fail? Lack of Courage, the night Jesus was betrayed he denied Jesus three times! The way we fall is through PRIDE.) 4But he answered, “It is written, „One must not live on bread alone, but on every word coming out of the mouth of God.‟” (―it is written‖: In all three responses, Jesus counters by quoting the Scriptures. Incidentally, all responses were from the book of Deuteronomy. Bread here includes all material food. It can also refer to much more than food. Cf. Deut 8:3. Bread alone does not fill a person‘s need. We must also feast, meditate on, and store away in our minds and hearts, every word that God has given us. ―Every word‖: Not just New Testament, not just the Psalms... Every word.) 5Then the devil took him to the Holy City and had him stand on the highest point of the Temple. (Implies that they were transported supernaturally.) 6He told Jesus, “Since you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, because it is written, „God will put his angels in charge of you,‟ and, „With their hands they will hold you up,

Actually He was going right into the center of Herod's kingdom—the same king who had just imprisoned John. Cf. Why do Matthew and Luke differ in the order of Christ's temptations? Cf. topically. Satan is misquoting the Psalm and misapplying it. he went back to Galilee.) 11So the devil left him. he will flee from you. 15“O Land of Zebulun and Land of Naphtali. Quoting from Ps 91:11. 14in order to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. he has location. When Satan quotes Scripture. a light has risen.‟” (Jesus rebuts with Scripture. that is. Deut 6:13. Luke 4:14-15) 12Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested.‖. Gen 49:13 . on Naphtali. and for those living in the land and shadow of death.. (A whole year passed between verses 11 and 12. Luke 4:5–12.) Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee (Mark 1:14-15. This one year period is covered in John 1-4. it is out of context.12 phrase left out to protect you in all your ways. and angels came and began ministering to him. Luke 4:5: In order to be tempted. Cf. From the temptation of Jesus. Gen 49:21.” (Note that the light would be .) 16The people living in darkness have seen a great light. Satan probably knows the Bible better than you do. 1 John 5:19. Galilee of the unbelievers! (Quoting from Isa 9:12. „You must not tempt the Lord your God. Jesus Christ knew that He was destined to rule. Satan does leave. one must believe that one can deliver what is offered. i.e.) 7Jesus responded to him. “It is also written. “Go away.. Matthew is pointing out that those prophecies of those two tribes are being fulfilled in the fact that the Messiah of Israel is present in their borders and is beginning to preach. Acts 17:11. Jesus here resists him three times and the devil fled.16) 8Once more the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world.‟” (Cf Deut 6:13. „You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him. in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali. we learn that the devil can attack those who are controlled by the Holy Spirit. It was not fear that drove Him north to Galilee. on the road to the sea. “I will give you all these things if you will bow down and worship me!” (The devil tempted Jesus to become a Satan worshiper. 9He told Jesus. but that he is powerless against those who resist him with the Word of God. across the Jordan. It may be that Matthew describes these temptations chronologically while Luke lists them climactically.. (Scripture says if you resist the devil. thereby showing that he is NOT omnipresent. for Jesus to be tempted by Satan‘s offer of all the nations of the world. don‘t be surprised. Satan must really possess them! Cf 2 Cor 4:4.blessing/prophecy on Zebulun. along with their splendor. so what is Satan really offering Him? A shortcut! Bypassing the cross!) 10Then Jesus told him. He can be bound.) 13He left Nazareth and settled in Capernaum by the sea. ―to protect you in all your ways.Matthew so that you will never hit your foot against a rock. Satan! Because it is written.‟” (Satan is quoting Scripture.

do you know how to get there?‖ 2. tattoo.) 19“Follow me. because they were fishermen. he saw two brothers— Simon (also called Peter) and his brother Andrew. you are not following! The number one reason people don‘t share their faith is that their walk doesn‘t match their talk. which is Gentile was their profession in a very deep cultural sense. most likely their fathers were fishermen.” he told them.. By responding to the call of Christ. Another reason people don‘t share their faith is that they don‘t know how to. “Repent. When you die. ―Why should I let you into heaven?‖ what would you tell Him? 5. Where are you on your spiritual journey? What is happening spiritually in your life? 3. o where will you spend eternity? Heaven or hell when you die! This is your wake-up call! 2. what do you think will be the most important thing to you? 9. Do you want to go to heaven? 8. What is the most important thing in the world to you? On the day you die. In the gospel of John. these fishermen became key figures in the . which is different. there were also Jewish settlements and that is whom he is dealing with. and to keep out of sight. They did not change careers like we do! To leave their nets behind was a non-trivial step. The concept of a ―calling‖ also involves the leaving behind of the old life. Also found in Gen 2:24 in the context of marriage. the disciple learns to go where the fish are swimming. Do you know where you are going if you were to die tonight? If you are open-air preaching you can also use any of the following to start preaching and go from there: 1.Matthew brought to the Galilee. They were fishermen. Can you help me out? I am trying to get to heaven.‖) Jesus Calls Four Fishermen (Mark 1:16-20. Why do you wear that cross. to endure discomfort and inconvenience. almost as a disciple. Luke 5:1-11) 18While Jesus was walking beside the Sea of Galilee. You can use any of the following questions to start witnessing: 1. Life is short. If you were to die tonight and stand in front of God. jewelry? 7. Yet also the region which is north and has a lot of deep pagan background. Jesus‘ first word in preaching to Israel was ―repent. Remember that if you are not fishing. chapter 1 we see that they were interested in his ministry. (This ―calling‖ involves not just ―leaving‖ but also ―cleaving‖. because the kingdom from heaven is near!” (―Began to announce‖: Starts his public ministry. If you died tonight. Jesus began to announce. to use the proper lure. Here He is calling them to service.) 17From then on. tshirt. and He asked. folks! Eternity is long! Where will you go when you pass on? It‘s going to be Heaven or it‘s going to be hell! So repent while you‘re able! Details in the Bible!) 20So at once they left their nets and followed him. are you 100 percent sure that you would go to heaven? 4. They were casting a net into the sea. “and I will make you fishers of people!” (In following Christ.. to be patient. what do you think is on the other side? What do you think is out there when you walk out of here? 6. ―I need some directions. Like John the Baptist. (This was not the first time that they met Jesus Christ. Where.

) Matthew 5 Jesus Teaches about the Kingdom 1When Jesus saw the crowds. and their father. Cf Mat 7:28-29).. (Verse 23 is the first use of gospel in the NT. Epilepsy is a real medical malady.) Jesus Ministers to Many People (Luke 6:17-19) 23Then he went throughout Galilee. as opposed to demon possession. Jerusalem.Matthew evangelization of the world. not men of letters. men of influence. or men of rank or power. and that doesn‘t mean everyone present was His disciple as He does make reference to the Scribes and the Pharisees. 25Large crowds from Galilee.) 24His fame spread throughout Syria. and his brother John. he went up on the hill. teaching in their synagogues. we would never have heard of them. He wasn‘t talking to them. He is talking to His disciples. a loose federation of ten cities strongly influenced by Greek culture. Had they remained at their nets. Recognition of the lordship of Christ makes all the difference in the world. When he called them. son of Zebedee. (Throughout all Syria. and serve and obey Him now as our Lord and King on earth. After taking his seat.) The Blessed Attitudes . Interesting who Jesus called. the Ten Cities.. ―Decapolis‖ = Lit. ―demons‖ are not an Old English euphemism for talking about psychiatric problems. and people brought to him everyone who was sick—those afflicted with various diseases and pains. 2and he began to teach them: (This is the greatest sermon ever preached by the greatest evangelist who ever lived. Note that to embrace a calling by the Lord Jesus Christ involves leaving and cleaving. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. Judea. the demon-possessed. and from across the Jordan followed him. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee repairing their nets. Rather He called people of 1 Cor 1:26. now called the Golan.) 21Going on from there he saw two other brothers—James. we must turn from our sinning and rebellion. the Decapolis.‖ The Kingdom refers to both the Kingdom of God in Heaven and God‘s Kingdom on earth. His followers. and the paralyzed—and he healed them. 22they immediately left the boat and their father and followed him. The term means ―good news of salvation. and healing every disease and every illness among the people. his disciples came to him (―His disciples came to him‖: Don‘t assume that there were 12. If we expect to be in His Kingdom in Heaven. ―taking his seat‖: Shows His authority. (Starting to gain a widespread following. (They immediately left the boat. Demon possession will be encountered later in Matthew. He was talking to His followers. which is a real spiritual malady). the epileptics.

nor cowardice. To be merciful means to be actively compassionate. and so it should be reflexive.) 9“How blessed are those who make peace. and that there is no way that we can save ourselves. Cf Rom 12:19. which so dishonors God…God of all comfort . 5:10.) 8“How blessed are those who are pure in heart. This is evidence of your new life in Christ. what do you hunger and thirst after? The natural man will have nothing of this . because it is they who will be satisfied! (… at all times and in every situation. So good that you have nothing to prove. because it is they who will inherit the earth! (To be humble or meek is not an inferiority complex. for unbelievers. but especially mourning over our sin. because it is they who will receive mercy! (―merciful‖: Why? Basis of all of God‘s dealings for us.) 4“How blessed are those who mourn. Rev 21:4. it will be fulfilled. not choosing to neglect or ignore anything that God‘s desire or command. It is to be willing to be saved only by God‘s rich grace and mercy. to go where He wants us to go. Believers do all their mourning in this life. because it is they who will see God! (―pure in heart‖: Singleness in purpose. In a wider sense it means to help others in need who cannot help themselves.Matthew (Luke 6:20-23) 3“How blessed are those who are destitute in spirit. 21:7) 6“How blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for righteousness. How do you know if you‘re saved? One way you can tell is by checking your appetites. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (To be destitute or poor in spirit is to have a humble opinion of ourselves. must be saved in the first place! If you do have this appetite. Cf Ps 37. It is to such people that Jesus promises Heaven. reigns for a thousand years in peace and prosperity. God has been merciful to us. whose conscience is clean.) 7“How blessed are those who are merciful. and those who help keep peace between followers of . To hunger and thirst for righteousness.Cf 2 Cor 1:3. to be where God wants us to be. And they will literally inherit the earth and reign with Christ over it when Christ. to say what He wants us to say. read the account of the Judgment in Matthew 25:31-46. 1 Cor 6:7. Rom 8:28. and over all sin. 1 Pet 2:19-22. Being meek is not being a doormat. and to come alive to God‘s plans and desires for us. It means to die to all selfish ambitions for ourselves. today's grief is only a foretaste of eternal sorrow. For a graphic picture of the truth of this statement by Christ. to fully realize what sinners we are. because it is they who will be called God‟s children! (The greatest peacemakers are those who work for peace between God and mankind – thru Jesus Christ. It is strength under control. 2 Tim 2:12. the King. whose thoughts are holy. In one sense it means to withhold punishment from offenders who deserve it. heal the broken hearted in Ps 34:8. a surrender of our rights. and their focus is on God‘s glory above all else. Rev 2:26-27. It is the receiving of injuries with a belief that God will vindicate us. The only reason given why those at His right hand receive mercy is because they have shown mercy to Jews and followers of Christ. and then to be willing to do what God wants us to do. because it is they who will be comforted! (…mourning with those who mourn.) 5“How blessed are those who are humble.1 Cor 2:14. A pure-hearted person is one whose motives are unmixed.

To be like the prophets of old.) 10“How blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness‟ sake. and God will one day acknowledge them as people who bear the family likeness. the greater the reward. People hate a righteous life because it exposes their own unrighteousness. Some persecution will be subtle. because your reward in heaven is great! That‟s how they persecuted the prophets who came before you. that there is just no way of comparing the two values. but for righteousness' sake. That‘s the reason to be extremely glad in such persecution. without compromise. because the kingdom from heaven belongs to them! (This would include taking a firm stand for what you know is right. If people persecuted Him. By making peace. Cf 1 Pet 2:21. believers manifest themselves as sons of God. History has confirmed this: from the outset the world has persecuted. is to be outspoken as Christ and the apostles were and to teach what they taught! There are so many these days who are called ―a really nice guy‖ who preach a watered-down. Live and speak boldly for God right where you are. They are a stench and a disgrace to Christianity! You cannot be like them and expect a great reward in Heaven. Do lukewarm ―Christians‖ and unbelievers speak well of you? If so read what Christ has to say about you in Luke 6:26. not for their own wrongdoings. Cf Mat 13:21. they will persecute you.Matthew Christ. and that‘s all they will have. Cf Mat 16:24-27. persecute you. and killed followers of Jesus. Be like Christ.) Salt and Light in the World (Mark 9:50. and like His faithful servants of the past who have faithfully preached the whole message of the New Testament. as mentioned in the next verse. Always keep that in mind! Always!) 12Rejoice and be extremely glad. no matter who or how many make up the opposition. No doubt.” (The rewards promised in Heaven for being faithful will so far outweigh the temporary value of any earthly loss or harm. Never feel sorry for yourself under persecution. and say all sorts of evil things against you falsely because of me! (Expect persecution when you go all out for Him in all things. from the distant past to the recent past. some not so subtle. and the greater the loss of worldly success and acceptance. and there‘s no telling what the final great results will be. Christ doesn‘t promise popularity in the present life when you do this. But consider the great results.) 11“How blessed are you whenever people insult you. jailed. Persecuted. The great reward that is assured by Christ is the reason for the extreme happiness to be expressed at such a time – and in all future time as we continue faithful. It is recorded in Luke 6:22-23 that Christ told those who were persecuted for their faithfulness to leap for joy when they were persecuted for their faithful and outspoken testimony. They want their rewards now. but rejoice – leap for joy! Your future is great! Jesus guarantees it. easy way to Heaven. Luke 14:34-35) . but He does promise a GREAT REWARD in Heaven. The rewards will be extremely great! See 1 Cor 2:9. the greater the dedication. 2 Tim 3:12.

The world has only contempt for an undedicated believer. Your works do not cause your light. Some people say that religion is a personal thing and it should be kept to oneself. are you a beacon or a flash light with dying batteries? Many can use the keyboard to be a light but what about the real world? Do people in your neighborhood know you are saved and have you been a witness to people in your city or do you only shine that light on Sunday for one hour? Have you shined that light publicly and do you radiant the glory of God. Cf. We should be set on a hill. Have you let your light shine before men or have you hidden your light? Does your family know about God? Have you ever witnessed to your friends. Error because one is not to hide their light under a basket. A city located on a hill can‟t be hidden. (―light of the world‖: Source of light is Jesus Christ. He did not intend that we hoard the light of His teaching for ourselves. how can it be made salty again? It‟s good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled on by people. Luke 14:34-35. and it gives light to everyone in the house. However. let your light shine before people in such a way that they will see your good actions and glorify your Father in heaven.46. But if the salt should lose its taste. 12:3536. I didn‟t come to destroy them. What is it about you that is to ―illuminate‖ others? Your life is to show the light of Jesus Christ. rather it is your light that causes your works. and the witness you give for Him. but that we share it with others. (Monastic error: Some who wanted to pursue spiritual growth would withdraw from the world and hide themselves in a monastery.” (Speaking to saved. It preserves materials from corruption. (Are Christians still under the law of Moses? Jesus assumes an authority higher than Moses. then ‗Let your light shine to all. John 8:12. and introduces flavor. The law came by Moses.) 15People don‟t light a lamp and put it under a basket but on a lamp stand. and it also creates thirst. men will tread his testimony under their feet.‘ Miss no opportunity to do good‖. or just keep your faith personal and private?) Jesus Fulfills the Law and the Prophets 17“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. 9:5. (―salt of the world‖: Salt was used as a preservative.) 16In the same way. lifting up our voice like a trumpet to show this people their transgression. Jesus came to fulfill the Law on our behalf. but to fulfill them. If a disciple fails to be the salt of the earth by living out the terms of discipleship listed in the Beatitudes. So be visible in the stand you take for Christ. neighbors and co-workers about the God of the Bible? Is there any darkness in your personal life and are you willing to take your light into darkness and expose sin for Jesus? And just how bright is that light of yours. Where is your light to shine? It is to illuminate those around you. but grace and truth by the Lord Jesus Christ.Matthew 13“You are the salt of the world. John Wesley said: ―If doing a good act in public will excite others to do more good. Jesus tells us that the gospel of salvation is the good news of everlasting life and is for this dying world. Mark 9:50. We should be preaching on the housetops. So all these .) 14“You are the light of the world. And consider Romans 10:9-10 here.

„Whoever murders will be subject to punishment. the highest court in the land. even in what might seem small unimportant details. „You fool!‟ will be subject to hell fire. Hades. Anyone that tries to reconcile himself to God by his works. Lev 24:17) 22But I say to you. these were the ones closest to perfection. they tried to adhere to the keeping of the Law.) 20because I tell you. so there can‘t be one. ―Raka" is Aramaic for ―You worthless one‖. such people won‘t even make it into the Kingdom of Heaven. Jesus elevated the Law from an external act to the internal motives of the heart. Yet. „You are not to commit murder.) 18because I tell all of you with certainty that until heaven and earth disappear. unless your righteousness greatly exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees.‟ (Cf. ―You Fool!‖ merits Hell? A ―fool‖ signifies someone who ought to be dead and it expresses the wish that he were. It is never right when expressed in retaliation for personal wrongs. Today it is common to hear a person cursing another with the words. If anyone was righteous. a place without hope. And whoever says to his brother „Raka!‟ will be subject to the Council. Deut 5:17 & Exod 21:12. a place of irrevocable alienation from God. his rules. God sees the thought-life: He weighs our motives and judges the intent of the hearts.In the cultural awareness of that day. not one letter or one stroke of a letter will disappear from the Law until everything has been accomplished.‖ . (Jesus believed in the literal inspiration of the Bible. it was the scribes and Pharisees. is without significance. (Most people can find what they think is a valid cause for their anger. Exod 20:13. but anger is justified only when God's honor is at stake or when someone else is being wronged. they were zealous and sincere. These words would have astounded Jesus‘ hearers.‟ and. especially Christ and the Father. Jesus states that one must exceed their righteousness. Because according to the next verse. He came to fulfil for us. anyone who is angry with his brother without a cause will be subject to punishment. his legalism is pharisaical. Gehenna is permanent. There are some who will say: ―I don‘t believe in hell. a place of eternal torment.) Teaching about Anger 21“You have heard that it was told those who lived long ago. And whoever says. Exodus 20:13. Jesus says that the one who utters such a curse is in danger of hell fire. In Jesus' day. Maybe misguided and mistaught. you will never enter the kingdom from heaven!” (The scribes and Pharisees were not insincere.Matthew demands. the abode of the dead or unseen world. ―God damn you!‖ He is calling on God to consign the victim to hell. but as to how those presently in the Kingdom of Heaven view you. Nothing in Scripture. ―Hell‖ is ―ghenna‖ vs. even the smallest stroke.) 19So whoever sets aside one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom from heaven. people who used the word Raca were subject to trial before the Sanhedrin. But whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom from heaven (This is not referring to your future position in the Kingdom of Heavenm.

Deut 5:18) 28But I say to you. Cf. 23:15. the wrong you have not made right. 18:9. Cf 2 Pet 2:14).‖ Sin begins in the mind. You are invited to make amends with God by turning from your rebellion against Him to obeying Him. (Jesus spoke with authority. 47. It is a place of eternal. A good way to take this very prudent advice from the Lord is this: You are a sinner. that does not mean there is no application today.‟ (Cf. Jesus is talking about our relationship with God and what God sees. Then come and offer your gift.) 23“So if you are presenting your gift at the altar and remember there that your brother has something against you. it condemns ―lust.‖ The conscience knows the difference. or your opponent may hand you over to the judge. but it does. and you will be thrown into prison. but it is not. ―If you think or act adultery. Ex 20. Hell is a very real place. Paul interprets this concept in relation to the Lord's Supper. according to the Bible. We may believe that poison doesn‘t kill. (The passion you have not turned away from. the Bible doesn‘t condemn looking at a pretty girl.‖ He is amplifying with His own authority what the Law says explicitly. Exod 20:14. it is committed in the intent of the heart. 11:23. Men will often try to justify lust by saying that there‘s nothing wrong with looking at a pretty girl. (Even though these words are written in a Jewish context. Adultery in Israel was a capital crime. anyone who stares at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.) 26I tell you with certainty. „You are not to commit adultery.) Teaching about Adultery 27“You have heard that it was said. The act is what we presumably could perceive or judge or deal with. 29So if . you do not satisfy the sex urge. Cf. you pour oil on a fire to quench it. Jesus spoke of it thirty-three times. it matters what is true. quadran. Matt. you will not get out of there until you pay back the last dollar!” (Lit. Luke 12:5. and trusting in Jesus as your Savior. will meet you as your adversary at the judgment bar of God. conscious torment and suffering. i. Unbelief doesn‘t change reality. There‘s only one breath between you and death. we eventually commit the act.Matthew Remember. God has a lawsuit against you. 45. True. about 1/64 of a daily wage for a common worker. not in the act.) 25Come to terms quickly with your opponent while you are on the way to court. Now is the time you must come to an agreement with God. and He sees into our heart. 16:23. and if we nourish it. Mark 9:43. See 1 Corinthians 11. describing its horrors in graphic detail. If you die in your sins you will never live where God lives. This principle is what is underlying His whole reinterpretation of the Law of Moses.. Accept His invitation at once. 10:28.e. Don‘t delay! Eternity is much nearer than you think. Jesus is saying that the crime of adultery is not committed in the act. 24leave your gift there before the altar and first go and be reconciled to your brother. He says ―But I say. The crime is in the heart. and He will save your soul. it doesn‘t matter what we believe. We may believe that the earth is flat. We need to convince people of its reality and warn them not to go there. and the judge to the guard. God receives no worship from a believer who is not on speaking terms with another.

Jesus is separating Porneia/fornication. No. 22:13-22. The court can decide if one is being tried for the third time for a petty offense.” (What the Lord is pointing out is how serious it is for us not to offend the Father. tear it out and throw it away. He meant to shock us and motivate us to be serious about taking precautions in this sin and to not ignore the reality of hell. (For those who think of Jesus as one who would not judge someone to Hell.” (―Sexual immorality‖ = Literally fornication. then one of the spouses had an affair. A severe interpretation of the divorce laws. Deut.) Teaching about Divorce (Matthew 19:1-12. in that case. had children.3. the setting in which Jesus was speaking. they have a concept of being socially unredeemable. premarital sex. The exception Jesus mentioned here dealt specifically with a violation. cut it off and throw it away from you. The word for adultery is a completely different word in the Greek. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body go into hell. He was not talking about those who had been married for 10-15 years. It is better for you to lose one of your body parts than to have your whole body thrown into hell. Your right hand is the only hand that you are allowed to eat with in the Arab cultures. this is not referring to that–not in the context of understanding a Jewish view of marriage. a young man could legally put away that wife. they cut off your right hand. Mark 10:1-12. Not only was a thief marked by their impediment. If just after the wedding it was discovered that there were no ―tokens of virginity‖. and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.Matthew your right eye causes you to sin. and it became a loop-hole for the other person to leave. If you are caught stealing.) 32But I say to you. any man who divorces his wife. If adultery is grounds for divorce and remarriage I am sure almost every man and woman has the right to divorce at least one time in their marriage. during betrothal. that is sex outside of marriage. That was the only ―escape clause‖ that Jesus points out. The parents would willingly write up a divorcement and the young man was free to go and marry again with nothing behind him. because we can lust with our eyes closed. „Whoever divorces his wife must give her a written notice of divorce. He had twenty-four hours to decide. causes her to commit adultery. Jesus is instructing us in what God‘s righteousness is. Jesus told his Jewish audience that they could not ―divorce‖ except for ―porneia‖ which means fornication or in today‘s vernacular.) 30And if your right hand causes you to sin. that is premarital sex during the espousal period of Mat 1:18… from moichao/adultery. except for sexual immorality. and that which still . ―Right Hand‖: In Moslem countries. why does He tell us we better take drastic measures not to lust? I do not believe that the end result He intended was literally pluck an eye out.‟ (Cf. Luke 16:18) 31“It was also said. Moichao. Jesus called lust adultery. You can see that by using two different words. sexually. then. Deut 24:1. but also ostracized from society.

Notice the man was the only one allowed to divorce. 37Instead. No one demands an oath from those whose word is known to be their bond. however. in this Greek tense. Deut 23:21-23) 34But I tell you not to swear at all. We have to lay aside who it is we may be talking with or about. So there was a possibility of Jesus being killed.) Teaching about Oaths 33“Again. We must deal with the soul of the issue. Some people believe the only reason He talked about divorce is because the Pharisees questioned Him. Num 30:2. we have to lay aside our emotions on this issue. but remarriage while a spouse is still living is not a biblical option. And they are causing not only the person that they have now married. because it is the city of the Great King. Lev 19:12. to be committing adultery. because it is God‟s throne. No writ of divorce will equal the covenant of marriage. The words ―commits adultery‖ are. Now. Paul used an oath to call God as his witness that what he was writing was true. forbid taking an oath in a court of law. The Pharisees were trying to trap Him later in Matthew 19:9 and Mark 10. This indicates a situation that started at some point and is continuing. because you cannot make one hair white or black. Jesus.Matthew prevails in the orthodox Jewish communities of today. Gal 1:20. along with the Arabian people and other Semitic cultures. because it is his footstool.‟ but. and his No should mean No. He did no t use the words commits adultery in a tense that meant ―one time. let your message be „Yes‟ for „Yes‟ and „No‟ for „No. Maybe they had heard what was said on the hillside from ―rumors‖ and did not see His intent. like John the Baptist when He confronted Herod and Herodias with their ―sinful lifestyle‖ Mark 6:14-29.‟ (Cf. Women were never allowed to divorce and remarry in the Jewish culture.) Teaching about Retaliation (Luke 6:29-30) . an oath is unnecessary. written in what is called the present indicative tense. Yes. no matter what we think about it. Remarriage violates the marriage covenant.‖ It is a continuing tense. as long as they continue in that relationship then they are in a continuing state of adultery. neither by heaven. 35nor by the earth. „You must not swear an oath falsely. but possibly their first spouse as well.‟ Anything more than that comes from the evil one. Phil 1:8. Through divorce the way was opened for four people to be involved in committing adultery if there are two remarriages. „You must fulfill your oaths to the Lord. is teaching that the relationship in the circumstance of a remarriage is ―committing adultery‖. nor by Jerusalem. It does not. divorce is permissible in the Bible. Jesus is very clear–if someone is divorced and remarried. See 2 Cor 1:23. 36Nor should you swear by your head. you have heard that it was told those who lived long ago. in the original Greek language. His Yes should mean Yes. That is false. He initiated this entire topic himself.” (For the Christian. Jesus first addressed it on the hillside.

‟ (This verse is so often misquoted by the world. On the contrary. go two with him. the assault is particularly vicious. (A Roman mile consisted of 1. Cf 2 Thess 3:10. but refuse to. who hold that this teaching should be put into practice by communities and nations as well as by individuals. However. But now Jesus takes a further step. as we know from other things Jesus said and did. the command to ―give to the person who asks you‖ than He intended them to literally cut off their hands and pluck out their eyes if they caused them to sin. See Romans 13:34. for if the striker is right-handed. Jesus no more expected His listeners to take. „An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. Furthermore. If someone steals and wrecks your car. The admonition to turn the other cheek is given by Jesus to his disciples. he is to restore the ox. not a social ethic for society.. Jesus' statement presupposes that the person who asks for help has a genuine need. as in due course some did? Should the Christian magistrate practice nonretaliation toward the criminal who comes up before him for judgment? Should the Christian king practice nonretaliation toward a neighboring king who declared war against him? Paul. turn the other to him as well. This was both a command to punish and a limitation on punishment—the penalty must not exceed the crime. a legal allowance which they could invoke. ―Don‘t harbor a spirit of resentment. let him have your coat as well.) 40If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt. authority for punishment was vested in the government.) 42Give to the person who asks you for something. If one wants to be painfully literal. Deut 19:21) 39But I tell you not to resist an evildoer. who repeats and underlines Jesus‘ teaching of nonretaliation. Here Jesus is giving the Kingdom law. The spirit of what Jesus is saying here is radically different from the ―sue the shirt off the back of your neighbor‖ society in which we live. he is to buy you another one. and do not turn away from the person who wants to borrow something from you.000 paces. ―Don‘t retaliate at all. it is referring to civil law concerning restitution.‖ he says to his disciples. Exod 21:24. There are many Christians. Cf. See verses 29–30!). There was a rule by Roman soldiers that one was to take them a mile. an eye for an eye. this does not mean to give to people what will harm them. whoever slaps you on the right cheek.a car for a car. however. if someone does you an injury or puts you to inconvenience. it does not mean give to those who can work.” (Should believers literally give anything to anyone who asks? First of all. a tooth for a tooth. .. But what was to happen when Christians became rulers. Unprovoked assault prompts resentment and retaliation. it is with the back of his hand that he hits the other on the right cheek. In reality. It belongs to the sphere of personal behavior. Lev 24:19-20. according to the OT. Many believe it is giving a license to take matters into our own hands and render evil for evil. (Turn the other cheek? This is a hard saying in the sense that it prescribes a course of action which does not come naturally to us. not in the individual. Cf Mat 7:10. 41And if anyone forces you to go one mile.Matthew 38“You have heard that it was said. If someone steals your ox. without qualification. regards retaliation as part of the duty of the civil ruler. show yourself master of the situation by doing something to his advantage.

don‟t they? (The unsaved can do that.‖ Instead. The most despised characters around. They were also hated ―sinners‖ because they would often charge more tax than directed. ―lend your enemy a helping hand when that is what he needs. Such a thought is contrary to Scripture. what reward will you have? Even the tax collectors do the same. ―Be mature.1 Jn 3:18. paying taxes to Rome. this spirit underlay much of their indoctrination. The love of which the law and the gospel alike speak is a very practical attitude . 2. as your heavenly Father is mature. then He would be saying. using as an idiom of belittling. that‟s no great thing you‟re doing. and 3. it can lead to the salvation of the persecutor.Malachi 3:6. There are several reasons why as Christians we should pray for those who persecute us: 1.) 45so that you will become children of your Father in heaven. Jews who were willing to collect these taxes and get their cut were thoroughly despised by other Jews. we are commanded to. Cf Prov 25:21-22. See Psalm 139:21-22.Matthew Teaching about Love for Enemies (Luke 6:27-28. (Cf. Matthew was a tax collector! Matthew. Perfection in holiness is something that we must continually pursue all our lives – See 2 Cor 7:1. The collaborators.‖ If that were true. as your heavenly Father is perfect. it is certain that we will never make an impact on the world.” (Some believe Jesus didn‘t really mean ―perfect‖ here. himself. (The fact that love is commanded shows that it is a matter of the will and not primarily of the emotions. He has always been perfect and doesn‘t need to mature. If our standards are no higher than the world's. there is nothing distinctively Christian about it. Matthew 6 . instruments of Rome. and he lets rain fall on the righteous and the unrighteous. love your enemies. because that would require that we be ―without defect.‖ says Jesus. 32-36) 43“You have heard that it was said. they think He was telling us to be ―mature.) 48So be perfect. They were franchised thieves.‖ The best way to destroy an enemy is to turn him into a friend. calling God ―mature‖ implies that He was once immature. hated even more than the Gentiles. don‟t they? (―tax collectors‖: Israel was a captive nation at this time.) 47And if you greet only your relatives. and pocket the surplus. Heb 12:14). Although they were never explicitly commanded to hate their enemy. Rom 12:21. Your feelings toward him are not the important thing. Lev 19:18. This attitude was a summary of the OT's outlook toward those who persecuted God's people. Love to one‘s neighbor is expressed in lending him a helping hand when that is what he needs: ―Right. „You must love your neighbor‟ and hate your enemy. It was a righteous hostility directed against the enemies of God. One difficulty lies in the sentimental associations that the word love has for many of us. 46If you love those who love you. in third person. and pray for those who persecute you. because he makes his sun rise on both evil and good people. prayer is an antidote against bitterness. God never changes . flawless.) 44But I say to you.‖ However. is it? Even the unbelievers do the same.

These eternal rewards will be much greater. God gives many rewards in this life. than any rewards received in this life. don‟t be like the hypocrites who love to stand in the synagogues and on the street corners so that they will be seen by people. They should not purposely position themselves in public areas so that others will see them praying and be impressed by their piety. don‟t blow a trumpet before you like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they will be praised by people. 15:3. close the door. don‟t let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. 3But when you give to the poor.. you must have it a private deal. God will pass. then. We should be careful not to desire to be recognized and praised for the help we give others in any way.” (―who sees in secret‖: See 2 Chron 16:9. The Lord dismissed their conduct with the terse comment: ―They have their full reward‖ i. I tell all of you with certainty. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.) 2So whenever you give to the poor. go into your room.) Teaching about Prayer (Luke 11:2-4) 5“And whenever you pray. and pray to your Father who is hidden. If you do. but that is not the case. See Prov 19:17.) 6But whenever you pray. (This passage should not be pressed to prohibit any gift that might be seen by others. I tell all of you with certainty. But this likely refers to the rewards given at the great Judgment Seat of Christ. they have their full reward! (It seems incredible that hypocrites would noisily attract attention to themselves as they gave offerings in the synagogues or handouts to beggars in the streets. Jesus declares.Matthew Teaching about Giving to the Poor 1“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of people in order to be noticed by them. Our great desire should be to serve the Lord in such a way that we will have eternal rewards. but don‘t seek to do anything in such a way that you will bring honor to yourself. since it is virtually impossible to make all one's contributions strictly anonymous. Prov 5:21. they have their full reward! (Next Jesus warns His disciples against hypocrisy when they pray. you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. the prominence gained is the only reward. It simply condemns the blatant display of giving. 2 Cor 5:10. (It may seem that Christ is contradicting what He said in 5:16. If you want your reward from the Father. And your . In 5:16 Christ is challenging His followers to live in such a way that they will bring honor to God. So live your life in such a way that you will bring honor to God. But here in 6:1 the Lord is warning about giving to the needs of others in such a way that you seek honor for yourself. their only reward is the reputation they gain while on earth). and obviously far more enduring. Those rewards will be of far greater value than any reward we could receive now.e.) 4so that your giving may be done in secret. If the love for prominence is the only motive in prayer. If you get your reward from the people.

may your name be kept holy. because they think they will be heard by being so wordy. ―Father. In 1 Timothy 2:8. because your Father knows what you need before you ask him. See Acts 2:42. Must be ―born‖ into the family to be able to use the term. If our real motive is to get through to God. on earth as it is in heaven. Cf Jam 4:2) 9Therefore. It‘s the empty repetition of prayers that our Lord condemns. In Matthew 6:6 Jesus. 6:10. (Should we pray for something more than once? Paul did for his thorn in the flesh. in Mark 1:35.Matthew Father who sees from the hidden place will reward you. constant. He went into the desert to pray. 20:36. It was given to His disciples as a model after which they could pattern their prayers. For example. putting His interests first. The point is not where we pray.Dan. people prayed in a variety of places. this is how you should pray: „Our Father in heaven. but. ascribing praise and honor to Him who is so worthy of it. We should be able to pray prayers wherever we are: outside. they prayed by a river side. would talk to his earthly father. In Matthew 14:23. nestled on Daddy‘s lap. ―Why pray at all?‖ The reason is that. on a train. or just walking down the street.) 7“When you are praying. because many words repeated by rote memory can become empty phrases. they prayed in a private home. 12. they prayed on the beach. as an unsaved person can‘t pray this because he is not a child of God. In Acts 16:13 and 16. we get the basic biblical principle about the proper place to pray: the principle of seclusion. we are told that we should pray in every place. don‟t say meaningless things like the unbelievers do. in prayer. why we pray—to be seen by people or to be heard by God. Just talk to your heavenly Father as candidly and intimately as a young child. 13:3. Before we can pray . So there is no mandatory place of prayer in Scripture because the Scriptures encourage us to always be in continuous. He went to the mountain to pray. inside. rather than pouring out the events and emotions of that day? God wants to hear from your heart. Also God does things in answer to prayer that He would not have done otherwise. Our Lord repeated the same words three times when He prayed in Gethsemane. The early church met together for collective prayer. He will hear and answer. ―Our Father‖: Prayer of the saved. Praying the same words when they come from the heart is not mindless repetition. In Acts 21:5.) 10May your kingdom come. In Acts 12:5. 7 seems to rule this out. 14:23. we acknowledge our need and dependence on Him. v. (It is reasonable to ask. anywhere we happen to be.‖ ―May your Name be kept holy‖: God puts His Name very high. Specifically. on a plane. 2 Cor 12. At issue here is. It is reading too much into the passage to use it to prohibit public prayer. with only one thing above His Name.) 8Don‟t be like them. we should pray for the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. In the Scriptures. 12:12. in a home. The Bible allows us to pray in any particular place. readiness state of mind to pray. Daniel prayed in a private home . said to pray in the inner chamber. in a car. It was not given as the exact words they were to use. we should pray for the advancement of God's cause. (―this is how you should pray‖: A pattern given. and that is His Word! We should begin our prayers with worship. May your will be done. (From this verse. How would you feel if every day your child pulled out a pre-written statement to dryly recite to you. It is the basis of our communicating with God. (After worship.

If our faith gave way under the strain. We know that our faith needs to be tested if it is to grow strong. Multiple ―wills‖ in the universe. Cf James 1:12-15. Nothing can come upon you that is not filtered by the Father. ―Your will be done‖: In this petition we acknowledge that God knows what is best and that we surrender our will to His.) 12and forgive us our sins.) 14Because if you forgive people their offenses. it would also bring discredit on the name of the God whom we call our Father. we are permitted to present our own needs.‖ This implies something like the following as the intention of our petition. It also expresses a longing to see His will acknowledged throughout the world. I tell all of you with certainty. your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Amen. such a doxology is the perfect ending to the prayer and is in the majority of manuscripts.‟ For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. may we not be overpowered by it.Matthew ―Your Kingdom come‖. all is under control and limitations by the Father. we must be willing to pray ―my kingdom go‖.” (See Mat 18:23-35) Teaching about Fasting 16“Whenever you fast. Isa 14:12+ where Satan proclaimed the 5 ―I wills‖. 1 Cor 10:13. Yet.‖ That seems to mean. Cf. The last sentence of the prayer is omitted in the Roman Catholic and most modern Protestant Bibles since it is lacking in many ancient manuscripts. your Father will not forgive your offenses. This petition acknowledges our dependence on God for daily food. ―evil one‖: The source of those trials. ―When we find ourselves surrounded by temptation. we will not be forgiven. because they put on sad faces to show others they are fasting. but deliver us from the evil one. Sin is doing that which is not in the Will of God. Is God asked to deliver his children from evil by preserving them from temptation or by preserving them in temptation? By preserving them in temptation. both spiritual and physical. Study the book of Job. . that might involve us in moral disaster. It is appropriate to be reminded of a very similar petition which occurs in the Jewish service of morning and evening prayer: ―Do not bring us into the power of temptation. as we have forgiven those who have sinned against us. (Does this mean that your forgiveness is conditional? Scripture is clear: if we refuse to forgive others. Should be called the ―Disciple‘s Prayer.) 13And never bring us into temptation. the conditions of life in this world make it inevitable that our faith must be tested. don‟t be gloomy like the hypocrites. (After putting God's interests first. (Why should we pray that God would not lead us into temptation when God cannot tempt anyone? God can test us. (This prayer is often called ―The Lord‘s Prayer.‖ yet Jesus could not pray this prayer … the words are not appropriate for the Messiah to be saying to the Father. but He cannot tempt us to sin. But some tests are so severe that our faith could not stand up to the strain. therefore we pray not to be brought into tests of such severity. indeed. However.) 15But if you do not forgive people their offenses. probably. Job tells us that. It was given to instruct us as to how to pray. Does He allow Satan to put us through trials? Yes.‖ The Lord‘s Prayer should refer to John 17.) 11Give us today our daily bread.

) 18so that your fasting will not be noticed by others but by your Father who is in the hidden place.) 17But when you fast. Cf Ps 135:18. ―What are we going to do with our Bible?‖). And your Father who watches from the hidden place will reward you.” (It is enough that the Father knows.) 21because where your treasure is. Therefore. ―What are we going to do with our earthly treasures?‖ If He didn't. there your heart will be also. Jesus says that the only investments not subject to loss are treasures in heaven. This teaching forces us to decide if Jesus meant what He said. Don‘t make a big show of it. 23But if your eye is evil. If you are in a fast for spiritual renewal purpose.” (If we know where our heart is. In the first 18 verses of this chapter. 20But keep on storing up treasures for yourselves in heaven. The Lamp of the Body (Luke 11:34-36) 22“The eye is the lamp of the body. your whole body will be full of darkness. where moths and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal. (He is indicating that there is no security in material things. and knowing where our treasure is will tell us where our heart is. if the light within you has turned into darkness. then the teaching you have failed to obey becomes darkness—a very intense form of spiritual blindness. (A means of appearing in one's normal manner. You will become like the gods you worship. Jesus goes on to apply it in the next verses. If He did. he is saying to keep it a secret. His reward will be better than people's approval. then we face the question. where moths and rust do not destroy and where thieves do not break in and steal. we will know where our treasure is. how great is that darkness!” (If the eyes of your soul are debased and are keeping you mainly concerned about earthly satisfactions and attainments – if they are diseased and not truly fixed on Heaven and the endless eternity that stretches forever before us – how dreadful that darkness is! In other words.Matthew they have their full reward! (―fast‖ = going without food as part of your earnest prayer. your whole body will be full of light. if you know that Christ forbids trusting earthly treasures for security. then we face the question.) God and Riches (Luke 16:13) . yet you do it anyway. the word ―Father‖ occurs 18 times!) Teaching about Treasures (Luke 12:33-34) 19“Stop storing up treasures for yourselves on earth. put oil on your head and wash your face. So if your eye is healthy.

creatures of a lower order. and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. It denies the love of God by implying that He doesn't care for us. Cf Matthew 12:12. You cannot serve God and riches!” (The issue is not wealth.) 26Look at the birds in the sky.Matthew 24“No one can serve two masters.) 27Can any of you add a single hour to the length of your life by worrying? (Scientific experiments have revealed that people who exercise vigorously three times a week live longer than those who don‘t. But wealth is treacherous. because either he will hate one and love the other. can‘t we trust Him to supply our necessary food and clothing in some way? Luke 12:22-34. It denies His wisdom by implying that He doesn't know what He is doing. Issue is not to be anxious. Either we must put God first and reject the rule of materialism or we must live for temporal things and refuse God's claim on our lives. Life is more than food. If God sustains. but not by means of worrying!) 28And why do you worry about clothes? Consider the lilies in the field and how they grow. Jesus said that mankind is ―more valuable‖ than birds and sheep. He is not a mere part of the evolutionary process having to yield to the rights of animals. No man builds a bridge but he first count the costs thereof. Worry is assuming a responsibility that God did not intend for you to have. See Mat 19:16-26. They don‟t plant or harvest or gather food into barns. They don‟t work or spin yarn. and assume that it is not necessary for us to do any planning. isn‟t it. or be loyal to one and despise the other. He will all the more sustain. 16:1-13. There‘s nothing wrong with money and wealth that is used in a right way for the blessing of mankind and the glory of God. does not say not to think about tomorrow. You are more valuable than they are. Man is the pinnacle of God‘s earthly creation. See 2 Thess 3:10. those for whom creation took place. without their conscious participation. And it denies His power by implying that He isn't able to provide for our needs. If God gave us the great miracles of life and a body. It is a form of blasphemy. Worry is a sin. the issue is who you serve. You will miss the intent if you do not link it with the verse prior. with their active participation. and the body more than clothing? (―That‘s why‖: Important as it links it to what He just said. 1 Tim 6:10) Stop Worrying (Luke 12:22-34) 25“That‟s why I‟m telling you to stop worrying about your life—what you will eat or what you will drink —or about your body—what you will wear. Luke 12:16-34. who do you get your provision from? Many mistake this verse. What Jesus forbids here is multiplying barns in an attempt to provide future security independent of God. ―Stop worrying‖: Linked to verse before about who is your master. We should not infer from this that we need not work for the supply of our present needs. Mark 10:17-27. So one can add years to one‘s life. aren‟t you? (The birds of the air preach to us how unnecessary it is for us to worry. Planning is the futurity of today‘s decisions. very treacherous. who you worship. 29but .

won‟t he clothe you much better—you who have little faith? 31“So don‟t ever worry by saying. who have a heavenly Father who knows their basic needs. see Luke 17:21.. which is alive today and thrown into an oven tomorrow. The believer's responsibility is to live for the Lord. When we consider what He‘s done for us. worrying you? God the Father is our provider. But it should not be so with Christians. To become interested and active in those exploits and pursuits that will please and glorify God. should be your greatest and all-consuming concern. what is driving you.) 32because it is the unbelievers who are eager for all those things. (His point is. God‘s Kingdom everywhere. and all of these things will be provided for you as well. I will guarantee your future needs and I will see that you never lack the necessities of life. He says. paralyzing accident. Each day has enough trouble of its own. ‖If you will put God's interests first in your life. How do you do that? By … 1. Think about how the Lord must feel when He sees us spending so much more energy satisfying and gratifying self while neglecting our commitments to Him. One's . because there is always the danger of market collapse. Men and women bearing the divine image would be living for an uncertain future on this earth when they should be living with eternity's values in view. and especially in Heaven. This means that God would be robbed of the service of His people. do. so that God may reign as King in every heart. prolonged illness.) 34So never worry about tomorrow. To seek to really know God and His will must be the main business of every Christian.) 30Now if that is the way God clothes the grass in the field.Matthew I tell you that not even Solomon in all of his splendor was clothed like one of them. (This refers to both God‘s Kingdom in your heart. trusting God for the future with unshakable confidence that He will provide. If Christians were to set before them the goal of providing in advance for all their future needs. They could never be sure that they had saved enough. This certainly includes obeying the last command of Jesus. It is when you make God‘s deep concern for the lost your deep and earnest concern. and 3. Surely your heavenly Father knows that you need all of them! (The conclusion is that we should not spend our lives in anxious pursuit of food. Solomon . in effect. that Christ promises that God will supply all your needs in this life. as if food and clothing were the whole of the Scriptures is always used negatively.” (This is God's ―social security‖ program. 2. The real purpose for which they were created and converted would be missed. To live now to please God in everything you think. catastrophe. We spend so little time obeying His commandment to warn sinners to flee from the wrath to come. and say. and to His Kingdom in Heaven and on earth. inflation.. Chapter 6 is about priorities. Acknowledging your need for God‘s forgiveness thru Jesus the Savior. The unconverted Gentiles live for the mad accumulation of material things. and clothing for the future.‖ Phil 4:13-19. „What are we going to eat?‟ or „What are we going to drink?‟ or „What are we going to wear?‟ (Worry is the darkroom in which negatives can develop. Luke 17:21. because tomorrow will worry about itself.) 33But first be concerned about God‟s kingdom and his righteousness. drink. Mat 28:18-20. our excuses fall short. then their time and energy would have to be devoted to the accumulation of financial reserves.

weak. or teaching of others. and treat them according to the instructions in the Bible: 1 Thess 5:14. we should not judge by appearance. The NT has many illustrations of legitimate judgment of the condition. When faith begins. 1 Cor 4:1-5. Rom 14:1-5. literally. 5. John 7:24. everything above this is invested in the work of the Lord. Luke 12:57.) 4Or how can you say to your brother. (Paul Washer once said: ―People tell me. 6.‖ Jesus is not teaching that we are to be undiscerning Christians.” (―hypocrite‖: Actor in Greek. When disputes arise between believers. to discriminate between good and bad or between good and best.‖) Matthew 7 Judging Others (Luke 6:37-38. Christians have to discern if others are believers in order to obey Paul's command in 2 Cor 6:14. In addition. 1 Cor 5:9-13. Jam 2:1-4. The local church is to judge serious sins of its members and take appropriate action: Mat 18:17. 41-42) 1“Stop judging. God only. faith ends. He purposely exaggerated the situation to drive home the point. Believers are to judge the doctrinal teaching of teachers and preachers by the Word of God: Mat 7:15-20. etc. He never intended that we abandon our critical faculty or discernment. We should not judge the service of another Christian. ―Beam‖: A stick of timber.Matthew job is simply a means of providing for current needs. conduct. anxiety ends. and you will be evaluated by the standard with which you evaluate others. (We are not to judge the intent of the heart. ‗Judge not lest ye be judged. Proverbs 31:9. 1 John 4:1. Some of these include: 1. Isaiah 58:1) 2because the way that you judge others will be the way that you will be judged. 2. means two-faced. and then you will see clearly enough to remove the speck from your brother‟s eye. which is typically blown about in the wind. „Let me take the speck out of your eye. read: Leviticus 19:15-18. We are to judge the fruits. fainthearted. 4. John 7:24.. We are called to live one day at a time.‘ I always tell them. so that you won‟t be judged. Those in the church must judge which men have the qualifications necessary for elders and deacons: 1 Tim 3:1-13. ‗Twist not Scripture lest ye be like Satan. we should not judge a fellow believer by speaking evil about him Jam 4:11-12.) 3“Why do you see the speck in your brother‟s eye but fail to notice the beam in your own eye? (―speck‖: Small dried twig. George Muller said: ―When anxiety begins. Ezekiel 22:2. Jesus exposed . there are several areas in which the Christian is commanded to make a decision. And. We should not judge those who have conscientious scruples about matters that are not in themselves right or wrong. 1 Cor 14:29. The contrast is one of size. 23:36. Substantially larger and more dangerous than a twig. they should be settled in the church before members who can decide the matter: 1 Cor 6:1-8. Also. We have to discern which people are unruly. 3. For more verses on judging.‟ when the beam is in your own eye? 5You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye. 2:15-16. Only one person knows the intent of the heart. 1 Cor.

Keep knocking. Do witness to those who oppose you. at this point.) Despising the Holy 6“Never give what is holy to dogs or throw your pearls before pigs. God answers.Matthew our tendency to see a small fault in someone else while ignoring the same fault in ourselves. Otherwise. just say to the person. Now how do you know a ‗dog‘ or ‗pig‘ unless you judge them? The meaning is. Isa 26:9. 18:1-8. and when you speak to them one on one. Search. Knock (Luke 11:9-13) 7“Keep asking. It is hypocritical to suppose that we could help someone with a fault when we ourselves have a greater fault. and tell them how they can receive God‘s forgiveness for their sins. Jas 1:5. because most people are deeply concerned about their family. A question that is often asked is this: ―Why is it the modern day Church does not preach against sin nor use the word ‗repent‘ as we find so many examples in the Word of God?‖ The main reason many believers do not preach repentance against sin is because they live in sin. Commandment an imperative. but if you encounter continued strong opposition. 19. They are therefore unworthy and unfit to preach repentance. and how they must then live in order to get to Heaven. See Luke 11:5-13. and the person who keeps searching will find.” (Verse 6 proves that Jesus did not intend to forbid every kind of judgment. Keep searching. The ‗beam‘ is still in their eye and they should not remove that piece of wood from another until they can see clearly.) Ask. The great majority of the unconverted are more willing to listen to the Gospel than most Christians are willing to speak to them about it! But are we really converted to Christ if we refuse to obey and speak to others about Him? Consider Romans 10:9-10 here. Phil 4:6. ―Listen. don‘t waste much time with people who are savage and snarling haters of the Gospel. and the door will be opened for you. encourage them to read the New Testament and discover the answers for themselves.7. very few are hostile to the Gospel when it‘s presented in love. Heaven is real – but so is Hell! In which direction is your family going? If you don‘t warn them about Hell. and seek those who are willing to listen. and it will be given to you. Ps 65:2) 8Because everyone who keeps asking will receive. it is a commandment in the sense that it is not optional. But very. representing continuous action. and you will find. verses 7 and 8 might seem like a blank check for . Cf. (All are in the present tense in the Greek. Not a promise in the sense that it is voluntary. and the person who keeps knocking will have the door opened. (Taken out of context. who will?‖ Most people will then listen. They can not with a pure conscience speak against something they partake of. At least. they will trample them with their feet and then turn around and attack you. Use your time wisely. We must remedy our own faults before criticizing them in others.

since anything goes. from Psalm 66:18 we learn that the person praying must have no unconfessed sin in his life.e.) 12Therefore. this is. Don‘t confuse this with Confucius who said: ―Don‘t do that which you don‘t want people to do to you. again in the negative.. There‘s great liberty on the broad road. what seems like unqualified promises here are actually restricted by other passages. If human parents reward their children's requests with what is best for them. Luk 18:1-8 & Heb 10:22).” (The Golden Rule. and . don‘t do that to somebody else that you don‘t want him or her to do to you. This is a rebuttal to universalism Universalism: many paths to God. If this verse were universally obeyed. would he? (An earthly father would neither deceive his hungry son nor give him anything that might inflict pain. how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who keep on asking him! (The Lord argues from the lesser to the greater. Rom 3:23. we can get anything we ask for.) 11So if you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children. The Golden Rule is NOT a way of salvation. But this is simply not true. i. The verses must be understood in their immediate context and in light of the whole Bible's teaching on prayer. disappointed. You can do anything and you‘re still on the road. then you have the wrong gate.) The Narrow Gate (Luke 13:24) 13“Go in through the narrow gate. if you find yourself with many people. Jam 1:6-8 & 1 John 5:14. and church life. 9“There isn‟t a person among you who would give his son a stone if he asked for bread. appearance of ease and enjoyment. As soon as children reach the age of accountability. he wouldn‟t give him a snake.‖ It‘s negative and it‘s passive. Cf. and many people are entering by it. because this summarizes the Law and the Prophets. Sincerity is not enough. family life. Cf.) 10Or if he asks for a fish. whatever you want people to do for you. flat stone.Matthew believers. how much more will our Father who is in heaven do so. We are all on a journey. it is positive goodness. The concept of the Golden rule as it is described by Confucius or the Talmud. is not a declaration of God‘s love. Christianity is not simply a matter of abstinence from sin. For example. Therefore. and the gate you are going through is gigantic and open to all. The Christian must pray in faith and in conformity with the will of God. is there? (Pita bread in the Middle East is still baked in the shape of a round. and jolly companionship. Cf. because the gate is wide and the road is spacious that leads to destruction. But there are many disillusionments. Prayer must be offered persistently and sincerely. it would transform all areas of international relationships. Jas 1:5. they find themselves on the broad road. There‘s popularity. Jesus goes beyond passive restraint to active benevolence. Ecumenicalism: it doesn‘t matter what you believe as long as you are sincere. Most of those who do are discontented. (As you go through life. national politics. miserable. do the same for them. Same idea also found in the Talmud. it is the fruit of the gospel. Only a few get rich or famous.

These ―Christians‖ believe in God and Christ with their minds. He will do everything in his power to keep you from making the decision in the first place to enthrone Jesus in your life as Lord. The narrow gate gets us started on the right road. and all other sins with which Satan has you enslaved to himself. He. Are all who consider themselves Christians on the narrow road that leads to Heaven? Just what is the narrow gate that leads to everlasting life? In John 10:7-9 Jesus states that He is the door and the gate that leads to life. you are not on the way to life at all. No mere human warns of this. treacherous. There are all kinds of temptations along the way that must be overcome. They do many good things. It‘s not easy to triumph over natural inclinations day by day. The way gets wider as you feed your appetites as you wish. or obeying all of Christ‘s commands. and that you will from now on.) 14How narrow is the gate and how constricted is the road that leads to life. Satan will do his dead-level-best to trip you up and get you to leave the path to Heaven. There are tests of obedience that you will constantly meet up with. racking pain and suffering at the end of the road. and suffered and died on the cross to make amends for your sin. and the destruction and endless. Gal 6:7-8. The same applies to most of the others on this road. But He also means that He is the Lord whom we must now obey if we are to gain life. If you are satisfied with the disappointing side effects caused by living this way. became man. But Jesus has promised to be with you to help you overcome. But you must also . And once you enter the gate that leads to life. excruciating. look for the narrow gate that leads to eternal life thru Jesus Christ as both Lord and Savior. but to truly obey Him as Lord is difficult indeed. with God‘s help. and there aren‟t many people who find it!” (Cf Luke 13:24. nonreligionists. The road ahead for those who are unfaithful to God‘s instructions is a miserable. with God‘s help. The extreme effort needed to enter the gate that leads to Heaven involves determination to overcome. agnostics. What does He mean by that? First of all. rank. No one becomes a follower of the Lord without first counting the cost. to make it possible for God to forgive you. Cf Rev 3:20-21. It‘s easy enough to believe and to accept the fact that Jesus is the Savior. It leads to detruction – to the fires of an awful Hell! Ps 9:17. With His help you will safely arrive home in Heaven! But until you have entered the narrow gate in truth. See Rom 6:16. Heb 5:9. So the key that now opens the gate for you to enter eternal life is your acknowledgment that Jesus Christ is your Savior. God‘s incomparable Son and your Creator. Luk 16:19-31.Matthew dissatisfied. John 14:23. obey Him as your Lord. But there‘s one great disadvantage in traveling this road. employment – and nominal Christians. but not with their hearts. every age. the road that leads to eternal life is narrow and hazardous. Phil 2:12-13. continue on. weary road. the various sins of the flesh. These appetites eventually become insatiable. There‘s lots of company on this road. Rev 20:11-15. Mat 10:28. But also. Rom 10:9-10. but they fail to realize that God considers their selective obedience as rebellion. the unconverted. it‘s the warning of Jesus Christ. in witnessing to others. people of pleasure. and he doesn‘t want you to become a child of God and inherit Heaven. Prov 13:15. See verses 21-27. He is passionately anti-God. But if you want real life. people of ―progress‖. in Bible reading. There are the atheists. He means that because of your sin. They have little interest in fellowship with God in prayer.

beware of false teachers! They are everywhere. And just like going on a trip. H. and fulfilling life! It‘s a real challenge to live for Christ and speak out for Him. No. Rev 3:15-16. There‘s no middle road. how much wiser it is to be willing to suffer the loss of even all things. especially if Christ would have no part in them. You‘re already on one of them. part of the joy of the Christian life is anticipating the pleasures. There‘s no fence to straddle. they are here as minister to the Church of Satan! I. because in the will of God we must crucify evil passions – we must forgo many pleasures and activities. riches. ―There is not enough left to make soup for a sick grasshopper. You are called to take up your cross and follow in the footsteps of your Lord. If a minister‘s message doesn‘t go all the way with Christ‘s teachings. but a crown awaits those who overcome! Christ never promised that the Christian life would be easy. to keep from being on either of the roads. See Phil 2:12-13. unflinching and zealous determination!) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-44) 15“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep‟s clothing but inwardly are savage wolves. but it‘s a most rewarding way. You must be willing to part with much of what the world calls success. Mat 28:18-20. You may be a pilgrim as you walk the narrow road. No lukewarmness is accepted by God..Matthew consider the awful cost of not becoming His follower. it‘s a thrilling. Believe what Christ and His apostles taught. Heb 12:1-2. They are agents of Satan.‖ As the next verses in Matthew warn. if necessary. You must be willing to let some of life‘s prizes go by. 1 Cor 10:13. but He has promised that the results in an endless eternity will be glorious indeed! You cannot afford not to enter the narrow gate and then walk the narrow way with resolute. especially when we have the promise from Him that He will always be with us. and total fulfilment ahead at the end of the road. for the next 60 or 70 years. steep. do not believe him. Spurgeon said. challenging. as C. and hedged in on both sides. in order to make certain that yout endless eternal future will be truly rich and fulfilling. He has also promised He will always be at our side to help us to overcome every temptation and trial. but inwardly they are ravening wolves. As a wise person is willing to do without many things as he devotes himself to his education. the flock. So much is at stake! Jim Elliot said: ―He is no fool who gives up what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose. They are preaching an easy way to Heaven. John 15:1-5.e. They water down the truth until. They are out to devour you. The way to Heaven is not an easy way. they are vicious unbelievers who prey on the . (Present tense. You‘re living for much higher and unsurpassed eternal prizes. They seem like one of us. and you will be safe. in preparation for a short and uncertain future of possibly 60 or 70 more years. They are not in here innocently misguided. Sheep are you and I. The path to life is rough. But don‘t ever think that the Christian life is a cheerless life.‖ The expression ―wolves in sheep‘s clothing‖ comes from this verse. which will never get you there. 1 Pet 1:15.

not head-knowledge. and the gullible. Within 5 years. it‘s who you know. 11:13-15. 13:25-27) 21“Not everyone who keeps saying to me. „Lord.) 22Many will say to me on that day. Cf. it‘s who you know. Their licentious lives and destructive teachings betray them. This is plural in both verses because we are not only to judge the life of the preacher. He is not dividing his kingdom against itself in such a case. Are you in a personal relationship with Jesus Christ? The issue is fellowship. nor is it even service! Just how serious is this warning? The present tense here indicates that they are fresh from the scenes and acts of their disobedience. 19Every tree that doesn‟t produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into a fire. (We must have one goal in mind – obedience to the King! Otherwise we are not converted. cheating. That power may be divine or satanic. Lord.Matthew immature.) 17In the same way. drove out demons in your name. Have they become doers of God‘s message as a result of his preaching. the unstable.” (For amplification of this do read Paul‘s letters.‟ will get into the kingdom from heaven. we prophesied in your name. Col 2:8. 1 John 4:1-3. the million dollar question is how do we know a ‗false prophet‘ unless we judge them. but is plotting an even worse invasion of demons in the future. 18A good tree cannot produce bad fruit. every good tree produces good fruit. but we are to judge the results of his preaching in the lives of his listeners. The life and teaching of those who claim to speak for God should be tested by the Word of God: Isaiah 8:20. sexual promiscuity and perversion then you will be cut down and cast into Hellfire for all eternity! John 15:1-6.) 20So by their fruit you will know them. Grapes aren‟t gathered from thorns. How do we tell? Again. Not judging the intents of the heart as that is God‘s business. are they? (Know them by their fruits. „Lord.) 23Then I will tell them plainly. Those who pick and . Ps 6:8. 16) 16You will know them by their fruit. Get away from me. Satan may empower his workers to cast out demons temporarily. you who practice evil!‟” (Cf. „I never knew you. 2 Cor 2:17. It‘s not how much of the Bible you know. See v. 1 Tim 4:1. greed. but a rotten tree produces bad fruit. Lord. or merely listeners? James 1:21-22. I Never Knew You (Luke 6:46. (This means that you are going to be judged by the fruit of your life of sin! You are the tree and if the record of your life is one long list of lying. in order to create the illusion that the miracle is divine. but only the person who keeps doing the will of my Father in heaven. and a rotten tree cannot produce good fruit.11). but we are called upon to be fruit inspectors. A miracle simply means that a supernatural power is at work. stealing. Not what you know. or figs from thistles. 6:20. the majority of a congregation will have the same views and values as its minister. and performed many miracles in your name. Titus 1:10. didn‟t we?‟ (From these verses we learn that not all miracles are of divine origin and that not all miracle workers are divinely accredited.

but did not obey them.) 25The rain fell. the floods came. Therefore. have been brought into some kind of religious experience by accepting Christ. They build their house on sand rather than on the firm foundation of Jesus Christ and His words.saying don‘t just listen.Matthew choose the commands in the New Testament they are willing to obey. A. The New Testament is filled with Jesus‘ commands to His followers. but don‘t obey them. become truly converted to Christ. God won‘t accept work for obedience. do them. (The foolish man was the one who heard the sayings of Jesus. It‘s not the world that hears the sayings of Jesus and doesn‘t obey them. 2 Peter 1:10. The obedience of even the most godly Christians will be imperfect. Also. no matter how fine a Christian he may . as indicated by Jesus Himself. the intent to fully obey God must be real. See also Hebrews 5:9) 26“Everyone who keeps on hearing these messages of mine and never puts them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. if this applies to you. but it did not collapse because its foundation was on the rock. Obviously. (Learning is the modification of behavior . Read your Bible to know what God would have you do. if not millions.” (Cf Malachi 3:18. and the winds blew and beat against that house. remember. They are prophecies of warning that only the rebellious will ignore or regard lightly. the winds blew and battered that house. Many will have some shocking and terrifying disappointments on that Great Day. there will be no salvation for that person. Your very life depends on it. It is vital to realize the the Lord demands obedience and service on the part of those who would be His. Notice the importance Jesus places upon our obedience to those commands. Teaching. If obedience to the Lord is lacking. W. the Church is filled with false converts who sit among God‘s people and hear His words. they will be barred from Heaven. Then do it. people‘s actions have a great deal to do with their salvation. and it collapsed—and its collapse was total.) The Two Foundations (Luke 6:47-49) 24“Therefore. are living in blatant disobedience to God! According to this warning from Christ. These words of Christ are indeed future prophecy. But these disappointments will not be the portion of those who. James 2:20. Tozer said. in heeding the warning. (This is a most important prophecy by Jesus Christ. and they have not been saved. Notice what He says about acting according to what He has taught and commanded. no matter what the cost.‖) 27The rain fell. but even though imperfect. ―It is my opinion that tens of thousands of people. the floods came. and disregard the rest. preaching and active zeal for Christ are no guarantee that you are living in obedience to Him in other matters. However. Most know only the ―Golden Rule‖ and ―Judge not. repent. everyone who listens to these messages of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on a rock.‖ and even then their understanding is darkened. and make absolutely sure that you are genuinely born again.

exactly what sin is.) 29because he was teaching them like a person who had authority. others not.) 3So Jesus reached out his hand. In a Biblical sense. the crowds were utterly amazed at his‘s term for leprosy. and not like their scribes. basic internal corruption that eventually causes the erosion of tissue. (Why. 28When Jesus had finished saying all these things. Does seem to be transmitted through prolonged physical contact.) Matthew 8 Jesus Cleanses a Leper (Mark 1:40-45. 2 Kgs 5:1-15 for occasions where leprosy is cured. 36-43. a form of corruption. and true faith is never disappointed. Lesions of the skin.. tropical areas of Asia. Most prevalent in the low. Truth is self-verifying and. their words were powerless. 1 Cor 6:9-10. Gal 5:19-24. and said. His was a voice. attacks the eyes. touched him. you can make me clean. humid. About 2 million known cases on the planet earth. We have a disease that God identified with leprosy in the Old Testament and His ritualism to educate them about the evils of leprosy apply to you and I. always supernaturally by God. the genitals.) 2Suddenly. See also Mat 8:11-12. it had a drawing power. fell down before him. (The people recognized a difference between Jesus' teaching and that of the scribes. Lepers were untouchables. 25:1-46. in the 1980s around the world they have discovered that the resistance to that drug is increasing and therefore. Luke 5:12-16) 1When Jesus came down from the hillside. and results in deformed and erosive extremities. 29 answers. In the . Primarily gets transmitted through improperly sterilized hypodermic needles. Africa. Leprosy is a disease. theirs was an echo. “I do want to.Matthew think himself to be. Be clean!” And instantly his leprosy was made clean. during certain times: certain times contagious. and there is an inner corruption that manifests itself outwardly especially in later stages. 16:24-27. We have a disease and there is no known cure. God is also using leprosy as a symbol of sin. 21:42-46. 13:24-30. South America and the Pacific Islands. and suspect about 11 million if they knew them all. leprosy is very detailed in the Old Testament. 12:36-37. though people may not like it. other than the Lord Himself. they expect the existence of leprosy to increase. superficial nerves. Yet. they can never forget it. A very loathsome disease. There is no cure for leprosy in the Old Testament. In the Old Testament. See Num 12:13. He spoke with authority. as well as in the New Testament. 10:32-33. 15:12-14. (Though the teaching of Jesus was radical and extreme. if you want to. We have a disease worse than leprosy. only God Himself can make you clean. because it was so radical? v. what is causing the external appearance is the corrosion internally. very visible in its later stages. It is a manifestation of the corruption within. That leper is you and I. Eph 5:5). and said.” (―Hansen‘s Disease‖. large crowds followed him. and tattooing needles. extremities. a disease. (This leper had faith that the Lord could cure him. “Sir. Dapsone is a drug that treats it. in that we are sinners. a leper came up to him.

(―Centurion‖: The head of about 80 men.” (The Centurion is making the analogy of authority. go and show yourself to the priest. that is. not to the world at large! Matthew seems to present the centurion as the one who seeks the help of Jesus. “I will come and heal him. am a man under authority and I have soldiers under me. Cf. It was no doubt a rare event for a leper to be healed.” (Jesus is going to go to a Gentile home. John 4:43-54) 5When Jesus returned to Capernaum. He is not suppose to do that. But just say the word. and to my servant „Do this‟ and he does it. and that He must first go to the cross. unfit to worship with the congregation of Israel. it is unclean. theoretically 100. 17:9. and my servant will be healed. Even in our day this is still the case. too. he was amazed and told those who were following him. he understands that Jesus does not have to go to his house and defile Himself by entering Gentile quarters.. But we read of no such reaction. Mark 5:43. This was probably because He was aware that many people. not even in Israel have I found this kind of faith! (Compliment to the Centurion. 8:26. Lev 14:3-32. But He knew that Israel was still unrepentant. required by the Law. “I tell all of you with certainty..) 6“Sir. an indictment . this contact made the person ceremonially unclean. that the nation would reject His spiritual leadership.” (This was an unusual display of compassion—most officials would not have shown such concern for a servant. Instead. wanted to make Him King. it was understood that when a representative was sent to speak for his master. “Sir. that Jesus Christ is presenting Himself to Israel.) 4Then Jesus told him. to another „Come‟ and he comes. See also Mat 9:30. “See to it that you don‟t speak to anyone.Matthew case of the Jews. intended to let the officials realize that God is at work. but not organized that way. I am not worthy to have you come under my roof. but a Gentile. and then offer the sacrifice that Moses commanded as proof to the authorities.” (Why? 1. 2. This is the first instance in Matthew's Gospel where it is recorded that Jesus commanded someone to tell no one of the miracle done for them or of what they had seen. interested only in deliverance from the Roman yoke.) 10When Jesus heard this.) 8The centurion replied. Luke seeems to say that the centurion sent elders to see Jesus. Matthew will emphasize that the first 12 chapters of his Gospel.) 7Jesus told him. it was as if the master was speaking himself. 7:36. 12:16. Not a Jew. Our Savior has power to cleanse from sin and to qualify the cleansed person to be a worshiper.) Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant (Luke 7:1-10. but. 9because I. He is a rabbi. my servant is lying at home paralyzed and in terrible pain. In the 1st century. Is there a mistake in the accounts concerning Jesus and the centurion? Both Matthew and Luke are correct. in fact. that it should have alerted this priest to investigate whether the Messiah had appeared at last. a centurion came up to him and begged him repeatedly. I say to one of them „Go‟ and he goes. so extraordinary.

even though Jesus was some distance away. Her response to the healing: service!) 16When evening came. while jungle savages will enjoy the eternal glories of heaven because they believed the gospel message.) 11I tell all of you. though He Himself is not bodily present. and the fever left her. Isa 53:4.” (Verse 17 is often used by faith-healers to show that healing is in the atonement. But here the Spirit of God applies the prophecy to our Savior's earthly healing ministry and not to His work on the cross.) 13“Go. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Isaac.” (He is saying that there are those that are sons of the kingdom.” And his servant was healed that very hour. they didn‘t recognize their opportunity. those that should have been heir to the promises of Israel that will be cast in the outer darkness because they did not accept the promises and understand the time. (Peter must have been married to have a mother-in-law. sick with a fever. “It was he who took our illnesses away and removed our diseases. he saw Peter‟s mother-in-law lying in bed. “and it will be done for you.) The Would-be Followers of Jesus (Luke 9:57-62) . (Ordinarily fever leaves a person greatly weakened. many will come from east and west and will feast with Abraham. Then she got up and began serving him. and Jacob in the kingdom from heaven. The servant was healed instantly. (Predicting that there will be a time when the Gentiles shall be allowed into the kingdom. This is one of two times when Jesus is said to be amazed. Cf. Many children privileged to be born and raised in Christian families will perish in hell because they reject Christ. Cf Mark 6:6. But the principle applies today. but this cure was so instantaneous and complete that she was able to get out of bed and serve Him. people brought to him many who were possessed by demons. He drove out the spirits by speaking a command and healed everyone who was sick.” Jesus told the centurion.Matthew to Israel who should have first understood the authority of who was standing before them. Luke 4:38-41) 14When Jesus went into Peter‟s house.) Jesus Heals Many People (Mark 1:29-34. healing the non-privileged Gentiles from the paralysis of sin. (Faith is rewarded in proportion to its confidence in the character of God.) 15He touched her hand. the other time was at the unbelief of the Jews. just as you have believed. and that therefore physical healing is something the believer can claim by faith. 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said. We may see in this a picture of Christ's present ministry.) 12But the unfaithful heirs of that kingdom will be thrown into the darkness outside.

but the addition of humanity. it is not a denial of His deity.) 27The men were . “Teacher. “Follow me. tends to sound evil. so that the boat began to be swamped by the waves. picking up speed in the narrow gorge. This storm was different. “Foxes have holes and birds have nests. “Lord!” they cried. Sea . and there was a great calm. a violent storm came up on the sea. but the Son of Man has no place to rest. (The Sea of Galilee is noted for sudden. Give the best of your life to what really lasts. not a hobby.Matthew 18When Jesus saw the large crowds around him. it becomes extremely unsafe for navigation. We are not told how these two disciples responded. a scribe came up and told him.. See Mark 4:35. “Lord. Jesus did not cease being God.” (An unsaved person can do that kind of work. John 8:58. they should have known what to do.” 20Jesus told him. See Matt 16:16–17. “Save us! We‟re going to die!” (These guys were fisherman on the Sea of Galilee. By becoming man. I will follow you wherever you go. 19Just then.” (The Lord's answer challenged him to count the cost—a life of self-denial. This man wanted to follow Jesus.‖ He put self ahead of Christ. Winds sweep down the valley of the Jordan from the north. It is to their credit that they went to the right Person. and let the dead bury their own dead. which could be many years later. he gave orders to cross to the other side of the Sea of Galilee. 24Suddenly. Let the spiritually dead deal with the issues of the world. 10:30. When they hit the Sea. Jesus clearly claimed to be God on many occasions. But there is a work which you alone can do. “Why are you afraid. you who have little faith?” Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the sea.) 22But Jesus told him. Luke 8:22-25) 23When Jesus got into the boat. Christ wanted him to know that following and serving Him was of far more importance than any other obligation. The Incarnation of Christ did not involve the subtraction of deity.) 21Then another of his disciples told him. first let me go and bury my father. but wanted to wait until his father had died. He rebuked the winds and the sea. why did He call Himself the Son of Man? If the phrase ―Son of Man‖ is a reference to Jesus‘ humanity. in addition to being divine. Following Jesus Christ is a commitment. If Jesus was the Son of God. Don't waste it on trivia.. He had two natures conjoined in one person.” (The basic trouble was expressed in the contradictory words: ―Lord . (Why is this a lack of faith? Because He said that they were going to go to the other side.symbolically in the Scriptures. violent storms that whip it into a churning froth.) 26He asked them. Before we condemn them. we should test ourselves on the two terms of discipleship enunciated by Jesus in this passage. his disciples went with him. But the strong implication is that they left Christ to make a comfortable place for themselves in the world and to spend their lives hugging the subordinate. But. Yet Jesus kept sleeping. He was also human.) Jesus Calms the Sea (Mark 4:35-41.first let me.) 25They went to him and woke him up.

) 29Suddenly. they are malevolent. ―No water can swallow the ship where lies the Master of ocean and earth and skies. Perhaps Mark and Luke mentioned the one because he was more noticeable or prominent for some reason. animals or other creatures. the demons would have been a menace to the other people of the area. “What kind of man is this?” they asked. the purpose of demons is without exception to destroy.” (We don‘t know why they sought embodiment in the pigs.) Jesus Heals Two Demon-Possessed Men (Mark 5:1-20. “If you drive us out. saying.‖ The guy who made them in the first place! How little they comprehended that the Creator and Sustainer of the universe was in the ship that day! All disciples encounter storms sooner or later. but they are so similar.Matthew amazed. They know that there is a time appointed. 31So the demons began to plead with Jesus. He prevented their entering men and women and . “Even the winds and the sea obey him!” (―What kind of man is this. they want to indwell human beings. two demon-possessed men met him as they were coming out of the tombs.) 30Now a large herd of pigs was grazing some distance away from them. Luke 8:26-39) 28When Jesus arrived on the other side in the region of the Gerasenes. they screamed. if that is not possible. and they know that He is in control of it. they are some of his resources. What a comfort to know that Jesus is in the boat with us. Just shows a lack of collusion. What they say was not known on earth at this time. and if you are not a Christian you are vulnerable to them. They recognize that there is a time coming that they would rather avoid.) 32He told them. Son of God? Did you come here to torture us before the proper time?” (The demons knew who Jesus was. “What do you want with us. does not make them contradictory. Secondly. they are around. We know that demons are at Satan‘s control.” and they came out and went into the pigs.‖ No one can quell life's storms like the Lord Jesus. we must remember two facts. Scholars divide. They were so violent that no one could travel on that road. which is constructive.. ―Coming out of the tombs‖: They have been rejected by society. send us into that herd of pigs. They are acknowledging His deity. (From Mark 5:13 we know that there were 2000! Pigs were illegal in Israel. In Lev 11:7 they are prohibited). At times it seems we are going to be swamped by the waves.. and the fact that Mark and Luke only describe one of the two. (Strangely enough Jesus granted their request. First. But why should the Sovereign Lord accede to the request of demons? To understand His action. some say that there were two different incidences. Suddenly. or. If Jesus had simply cast them out of the maniacs. Not a psychiatric disorder. By allowing them to go into the pigs. and their destiny and His control of it. and so they live out in the tombs. demons shun the disembodied state. the whole herd rushed down the cliff into the sea and drowned in the water. they are dangerous. “Go. (In Mark and Luke they only mention one demon-possessed man. Others point out that Matthew describes two.

) 4But Jesus. for example. the Lord says. it was unlawful for them to raise pigs. He gave the greater blessing first. Jesus talking about healing something far deeper than physical. Notice that He saw their faith. Why no concern for the pigs? Didn‘t Jesus care about animals? In the Old Testament God does. sort of His base of operations). This incident demonstrates that the ultimate aim of demons is to destroy. 2All at once some people brought him a paralyzed man lying on a stretcher. 33Now when those who had been taking care of the pigs ran away. and as soon as they saw him. The Great Physician removed the cause before treating the symptoms. „Get up and walk‟? (Actually it's as easy to say one as the other.” (Some think that this is the same story as the one where the friends took the tiles off the roof of where Jesus was speaking and lowered their paralyzed friend down into the place so Jesus could heal him. go witness to your people. they came into the city and reported everything. and underlines the terrifying possibility that two men can be indwelt by the number of demons it takes to destroy two thousand pigs). If these Gergesenes were Jews. son! Your sins are forgiven. but the results of the . it being the same healing. “Be courageous. This raises the question whether Christ ever healed a person without also imparting salvation. shouldn‘t he have cared about the livelihood of the owners? He certainly did not ask anyone‘s permission.) 3Then some of the scribes told themselves. they begged him to leave their region. Some think that Matthew just left off these details. (Ever since then Jesus has been criticized for the needless slaughter of pigs and has been asked to leave because He values human life above animals. Prov 12:10.Matthew confined their destructive power to animals.) Matthew 9 Jesus Heals a Paralyzed Man (Mark 2:1-12. replied. their condemnation is that they valued a herd of pigs more than the healing of two demoniacs. when Jesus returns to the city the next time. he told the paralyzed man. „Your sins are forgiven. ―No. In Mark 5 and Luke 8 they point out that the healed guy wanted to follow the Lord. (―own city‖: Came back across the lake to Capernaum. And even if Jesus did not care about pigs. Luke 5:17-26) 1After getting into a boat. knowing what they were thinking. especially what had happened to the demon-possessed men. Jesus crossed to the other side and came to his own city. and the invalid's faith went out to Jesus for healing.‟ or to say. there are crowds of welcome. “Why do you have such evil thoughts in your hearts? 5Which is easier: to say. “This fellow is blaspheming!” (They are saying that only God can forgive sins. Faith prompted the men to bring the invalid to Jesus. But whether or not they were Jews. When Jesus saw their faith.‖ Later in Mark 6. 34Then the whole city went out to meet Jesus. It was not yet time for their final destruction by the Lord. but which is easier to do? Both are humanly impossible.

Luke 5:27-32) 9As Jesus went on from there. Jesus condescended to give them a miracle they could see. So the charge was true! Jesus did eat with sinners. they became frightened and glorified God for giving such authority to humans. It was his way of confessing Christ publicly and of introducing his associates to the Savior. He lost a good income but he found honor. (The meal described here was arranged by Matthew in honor of Jesus. they went to His disciples and charged Him with ―guilt by association‖. “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” (It was the practice in those days to eat reclining on couches and facing the table.‖ Not the least among his rewards were that he became one of the twelve and was honored to write the Gospel which bears his name. surely no true prophet would eat with sinners!) 12When Jesus heard that. Actually they were extremely ill spiritually and desperately needed healing. pick up your stretcher. When the Pharisees saw Jesus associating in this way with the social riff-raff. he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector‟s desk and told him. “Follow me. he arose and followed. many tax collectors and sinners arrived and began eating with Jesus and his disciples. “Get up. (They completely missed the significance of the miracle. were more willing to acknowledge their true condition and to seek Christ's saving grace. the . Matthew‘s response to Jesus‘ call was instantaneous.) 7So the man got up and went home. (Matthew adds an autobiographical note here. but he found a destiny. But they didn't understand. From this they should have realized that what they had witnessed was not a demonstration of God giving authority to men but of God's presence among them in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ. He lost a comfortable security. and go home!” (In order to show the scribes that He had authority on earth to forgive sins and should therefore be honored as God.) 11The Pharisees saw this and asked his disciples. an invisible miracle.) Jesus Calls Matthew (Mark 2:13-17.” So he got up and followed him. he said. leaving a traditionally dishonest job to become an instant disciple of Jesus. 8When the crowds saw this. (The Pharisees considered themselves healthy and were unwilling to confess their need for Jesus. ―He lost a comfortable job. “Healthy people don‟t need a physician.) 6But so you will know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” he told the paralyzed man. but he found an adventure the like of which he had never dreamed. by contrast. As someone has said. Matthew is apparently a tax collector in Capernaum.) 10While he was having dinner at Matthew‟s home. but sick people do. The visible healing of the paralytic was designed to confirm that the man's sins had been forgiven. He is hated more than a Gentile among the Jewish body because he is a collaborator with the Romans and helping them subjugate his people. The tax collectors and sinners.Matthew first command are not visible whereas the effects of the second are immediately discernible. If He had eaten with the Pharisees.

He never indulged in their evil ways or compromised His testimony. “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often. ripping itself away from the old cloth. unshrunk cloth to patch an old garment. While Jesus' words do not command fasting. But here the thought is that His call is only effective for those who acknowledge themselves to be sinners. and a worse tear results. cold. He used the occasion to call men to truth and holiness. Instead. but your disciples don‟t fast?” 15Jesus asked them. but sinners. they pour new wine into fresh wineskins. there are no righteous people in the world. and unrepentant—like the Pharisees. He can dispense no healing to those who are proud. Although God had instituted the sacrificial system. Luke 5:33-39) 14Then John‟s disciples came to Jesus and asked. If they do. and He is not pleased with rituals divorced from personal godliness—precisely what the Pharisees had done.Old Testament idea. The Pharisees' trouble was that although they followed the rituals of Judaism with great precision. so He came to call all men to repentance.Matthew charge would still have been true—perhaps even more so! If Jesus hadn't eaten with sinners in a world like ours.) A Question about Fasting (Mark 2:18-22.) 13Go and learn what this means: „I want mercy and not sacrifice. God is not a Ritualist. the wine will spill out. and merciless. They associated only with self-righteous people like themselves. They observed the letter of the law but had no compassion for those who needed spiritual help. When washed. (To try to mix law and grace would be like using a piece of new. and since His ascension He has been bodily absent from His disciples.) 17Nor do people pour new wine into old wineskins. can they? But the time will come when the groom will be taken away from them. the Lord Jesus pointedly told them.” (Quote from Hosea 6:6 . In contrast. the patch would shrink. and the skins will be ruined. and then they will fast. Luke 5:36) 16“No one patches an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth.) The Unshrunk Cloth (Mark 2:21.‖ In one sense. the skins will burst. self-righteous. ―I did not come to call righteous people. But it is important to remember that when He ate with sinners. See also 1 Sam 15:1-23. but sinners. because the patch pulls away from the garment. He did not want the rituals to become a substitute for inward righteousness. He would always have eaten alone.‟ because I did not come to call righteous people. “The wedding guests can‟t mourn as long as the groom is with them. they certainly approve it as an appropriate exercise for those who await the Bridegroom's return.” (He was taken from them—in death and burial. and . their hearts were hard. The disrepair would be worse than ever.

It was exceptional that this ruler should seek help from Jesus.” (Medical science had been unable to help this woman. Ex 28:33. Examples: 1 Sam 24:20. “My daughter has just died. however. He turned and pronounced her healed instantly. ―Chronic bleeding‖ . (Another interruption! Jesus was never annoyed by such interruptions. an official came up and fell down before him. most of the Jewish leaders would have feared the scorn and contempt of their associates for doing so.” (―an official‖: Jairus . fringe. The Hebrew word shuwl = hem. the daughter raised from the dead was 12 years old. Ex 39:25.” But they ridiculed him with laughter. along with his disciples. She has had the issue of blood for 12 years. Gen 37:3-4. She has to be a Gentile.) 19So Jesus got up and followed him. otherwise she would not be allowed there in the crowd. A nobleman would authenticate his name on a clay tablet by pressing the hem on the clay. Ruth 3:9. (Most Bible students believe the Lord was using sleep here in a figurative sense for death. 20Just then a woman who had been suffering from chronic bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the tassel of his garment. border. “But come and lay your hand on her. “Go away! The young lady hasn‟t died. The introduction of the Christian era would inevitably result in tension. he said. authority. accessible. Deut 22:12. . The joy which Christ brought could not be contained within the forms and rituals of the OT. In ancient Mesopotamia. She would be ceremonially contaminating everyone there. “Be courageous. he went in. and she will live. anything you touched was declared ceremonially unclean. (The professional mourners were wailing with what someone has called ―synthetic grief. The life and liberty of the Gospel ruins the wineskins of ritualism.” And from that very hour the woman was well.‖) 24he said. He was always poised. (True faith never goes unnoticed by Him.) 25When the crowd had been driven outside.badge of commitment or authority.” (The pressure caused by the fermentation of the new wine would burst the old skins because they had lost their elasticity. but is sleeping.Makes one ceremonially unclean. that the girl was in a coma.) Jesus Heals a Woman and Resurrects a Girl (Mark 5:21-43.Matthew both are preserved. 26The news of this spread throughout that land.26. bottom edge of skirt or train. daughter! Your faith has made you well. etc. Luke 8:40-56) 18While Jesus was telling them these things. and approachable. 39.) 22When Jesus turned and saw her.) 23When Jesus came to the official‟s house and saw the flute players and the crowd making a commotion. There must be an entirely new order of things.” he said. A husband could divorce his wife by cutting off the hem of her robe.34. and the young lady got up. ―to cut off the hem‖ was to strip one of his personality.) 21because she had been saying to herself. I will get well. “If I just touch his robe. Ezek 16:8. Num 15:38. Some believe. ―tassel‖ . took her by the hand.the ruler of the synagogue.

these men had acute spiritual discernment. anything that blocked His pathway to Calvary was at variance with the predetermined plan of God. The crowds were amazed and said. the blind men came to him. Cf Mat 12:32) . ―Believing is seeing. let it be done for you!” 30And their eyes were opened. a man who couldn‟t talk because he was demon-possessed was brought to him. He wants us to believe Him simply because He is God. “Have mercy on us. he was secure. Also.) 31But they went out and spread the news about him throughout that region. Son of David!” (Two blind men followed Jesus! Though dispossessed of natural vision.‖ Cf John 11:40. so what is going on? The rabbis could cast out demons and they did. and even to admire their exuberant testimony. That type of demon was NOT exorcisable under Judaism.” (Man says. a revolutionary uprising in favor of Jesus would bring terrible reprisals from the Roman government on the Jews. ―Seeing is believing.) 34But the Pharisees kept saying. one of His credentials would be that He would give sight to the blind. Why did Jesus sternly warn the healed men to tell no one? He probably did not want to provoke a premature movement to enthrone Him as King. Then Jesus sternly told them. probably by stirring up shallow curiosity rather than Spiritinspired interest. Heb 11:3. The people were as yet unrepentant. shouting. However. “He drives out demons by the ruler of demons. They recognized Him as the long-awaited Messiah and rightful King of Israel.) 28When he had gone into the house. God is not pleased with the kind of faith that demands a prior miracle. the hard fact is that they were crassly disobedient and inevitably did more harm than good.‖ God says. “Do you believe I can do this?” They told him.” (Don‘t ever ascribe something that God is doing to the powers of Satan! This is what Jesus later labeled the unpardonable sin. “Yes. “See to it that nobody knows about this. Cf Isa 61:1. Under Judaism. God bless the noble band of the anonymous who have been His instruments in bringing others to Jesus!) 33As soon as the demon had been driven out. (While we might be tempted to sympathize.Matthew Jesus Heals Two Blind Men 27As Jesus was traveling on from there. 1 John 5:13. “According to your faith. (Someone was concerned enough to bring the demoniac to Jesus. ―Son of David‖ . Lord!” 29Then he touched their eyes and said. “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel!” (They did cast out demons before Jesus. Besides all this. Not even gratitude is a valid excuse for disobedience. He could not reign over them until they were born again. two blind men followed him. if you happen to be confronted with a demon whose specialty was to render his possession dumb. the man began to speak. the procedure for exorcism in Judaism requires the demon to identify himself. the Lord Jesus had to go to the cross before He could reign as King.very Jewish title.) Jesus Heals a Man who Couldn’t Talk 32As the men were going out. And they knew that when the Messiah came. Jesus asked them.

Taken from varied walks of life and probably young men of average ability. but neither does he pray for laborers.) 4Simon the Cananaean and Judas Iscariot. the need is always greater than the work-force. Luke 6:12-16) 1Then Jesus called his twelve disciples to him and gave them authority over unclean spirits. To make that request sincerely. a student. who later betrayed Jesus. The devil therefore gets two victories: not only does the professing Christian not labor in the harvest fields. but the workers are few. (―Disciple‖ is a follower.” (The Greek word for ―ask‖ means beg. so that they could drive them out and heal every disease and every illness. “The harvest is vast. teaching in their synagogues. and Thaddaeus. because our conscience will condemn us. implore – not merely ask. We do know that Christ would still have had to die to provide a righteous basis by which God could justify sinners of all ages. that we might know more of that yearning for the spiritual welfare of the lost and dying. There were more than 12 disciples. and his brother John. forever! If we are not laborers.) 37Then he told his disciples. (―apostles‖: one who is sent as a messenger. the son of Alphaeus. (Oh.Matthew The Compassion of Jesus 35Then Jesus began traveling throughout all the cities and villages. (The problem has persisted to this day. while THE 12 are very special.) Matthew 10 Jesus Appoints Twelve Apostles (Mark 3:13-19. Cf Luke 6:15.) 3Philip and Bartholomew. because they were troubled and helpless. someone learning with the idea of becoming a follower. but no other man ever conferred the power on others). where he notes that he was a tax collector. 2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first.) 38So ask the Lord of the harvest to send out workers into his harvest. it seems. This harvest is a matter of life or death. (Note how Matthew does not mention any of the disciples professions until himself.) 36When he saw the crowds. plead. What would have happened if Israel had responded? The Bible does not answer the question. James. like sheep without a shepherd. proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom.) . and healing every disease and every illness. (A bona fide offer of the kingdom was made to Israel at this time. the son of Zebedee. as they become ―apostles‖. their true greatness lay in their association with Jesus. The disciples were probably in their twenties at this time. James. Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew. Other men had performed miracles. The uniqueness of Jesus is seen here. (Cananaean is Aramaic for Zealot. Thomas and Matthew the tax collector. he was deeply moved with compassion for them. we won‘t obey this command. believers must be willing to go themselves.

As to remuneration. (Samaritans were a mixed blood. make this announcement: „The kingdom from heaven is near!‟ (Kingdom presented to Israel. Luke 9:1-6) 5These were the Twelve whom Jesus sent out after he had given them these instructions: “Don‟t turn on to the road that leads to the unbelievers. cleansing the lepers. The idea is that their needs would be supplied on a day by day basis. and 12 deal with the presentation of the King of Israel. if they already had a staff. Chapters 10. (Probably the meaning is extra sandals or an extra staff. if they would only have faith in God to meet their needs. Also. 2 Kings 17:24. The Lord wanted them to experience how well He could supply all their needs as they served Him. to Israel. The Jews demanded signs so God graciously condescended to give them signs. this proves He didn‘t love Gentiles or Samaritans – which contradicts Matt 22:39. but because the Jews already had the Law which prepared them for the message of grace.Matthew Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Disciples (Mark 6:7-13. Jesus Himself up to this point has been doing the same thing. the Lord's representatives were to make no charge for their services. 11. silver. The commission which He is sending them on does not apply to you and I. or sandals. They had received their blessings without cost and were to dispense them on the same basis. Supernatural empowerings: Healing the sick. go to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel. Cf 1 Cor 1:22. raise the dead. However. and don‟t enter Samaritan towns. (The disciples were given credentials to confirm their message. only part Jewish. See Mark 6:8. they were permitted to take it.) 6Instead. or copper in your moneybags. the plan of God was to preach the gospel to the Jews first before taking it to the Gentiles. Mk 16:15. They will reject Him in Chapter 12. or an extra shirt. Take care not to spend your life making provision for self-support before obeying the call of God. 10or a traveling bag for the trip. Acts 2:23. we are not called to go to the House of Israel at the expense of the Gentiles … there may be a few exceptions. drive out demons.47. so give without payment. 20. The Gentiles that He healed were along the way. 22:35-36. Later. See Luke 10:4. because a worker deserves his food. they were not His focus or His mission. or a walking stick. Acts 1:8.) 11“Whatever town or village you . Lk 24:46. You have received without payment. even a sword for defensive purposes. Skeptics argue that.) 7As you go. Jesus instructed His workers to bring along and use anything in their possession that could be used in their support. Isa 60:1-16.) 8Heal the sick. because Jesus told His disciples not to go to certain groups of people. Is the first commission repealed? The Kingdom presentation is withdrawn when Israel rejects it! The New Commission is found in Mt 28:19. These guys are! Note that this is prior to th e crucifixion! After the crucifixion when He is resurrected He gives them a new commission. Cf. and raising the dead! Casting out demons. This wasn‘t because of a lack of love and concern for them.) 9Don‟t take any gold. cleanse lepers. (Their challenge here in Chapter 10 is to go specifically to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.

Luke 21:12-19) 16“Pay attention. severing themselves from all guilt or responsibility for that rejection. to testify to them and to unbelievers.) 18You will be brought before governors and kings because of me.) 15I tell all of you with certainty. This verse does not teach that a Christian never needs to prepare a message in advance. But if it isn‟t receptive. (In their hour of seeming defeat the disciples would have the incomparable privilege of testifying before rulers and Gentiles. surrounded by vicious men bent on destroying them. let your blessing of peace come on it. yet ―no doctrine was ever so helpful to those appointed to govern. (The attack against them would be both civil and religious. When you have a challenge and you are delivered up for Jesus Christ. otherwise how could it be more tolerable for some than for others?) Future Persecutions (Matthew 24:9-14. Acts 7 and Stephen. By this symbolic action they would vividly separate themselves from all connection with those who were rejecting the Lord.) 20It won‟t be you speaking.Matthew enter. 14If no one welcomes you or listens to your words. but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. now! I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. it would be out of context.) 17Watch out for people who will hand you over to the local councils and whip you in their synagogues.) 12As you enter the house. shake its dust off your feet. Children will . 13If the household is receptive. For example. (While one can personally claim verses 19-20. Mark 13:9-13. So be as cunning as serpents and as innocent as doves. They become mouthpieces for the Spirit of their Father. God would be working all things together for good. They need not rehearse what they would say when on trial. They should be wise as serpents. And they should be harmless as doves. greet its occupants. (It was possible that not one home in an entire town would open to them. He will not waste that opportunity. Phil 4. let your blessing of peace return to you. avoiding giving needless offense or being tricked into compromising situations. and a father his child. Cf. (Not to go house to house if they found more favorable living conditions.‖) 19When they hand you over. 21“Brother will hand brother over for execution. find out who is receptive in it and stay there until you leave. Christianity has suffered much from civil authorities. (In this section Jesus counsels the twelve concerning their behavior in the face of persecution. protected by the armor of a righteous character and faith unfeigned. It should be noted that this is advice given to prospective martyrs and not to pastors for Sunday morning worship services! But it is true that in crises. as you leave that house or town. don‟t worry about how you are to speak or what you are to say. They would be like sheep in the midst of wolves. because in that hour what you are to say will be given to you. it will be more bearable for the region of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town!” (This proves that there will be degrees of punishment in hell. all believers can claim God's promise to give them wisdom to speak with divine intuition.

You can even go up to a perfect stranger and begin a witness for Christ by asking that question. But be warned: Is the servant above the Master? If they hated Jesus Christ enough to crucify Him. (They were not obligated to remain under the tyranny of their enemies if there was an honorable way to escape.Matthew rebel against parents and have them put to death. God will bring the great spiritual awakening that is so desperately needed. Mark 8:38. And God is saying the same to every Christian today that He said to Ezekiel. ―Are you planning on making it to Heaven?‖. It‘s time that those who claim to be Christians take the bold stand for Christ that God demands. because I tell all of you with certainty that you will not have gone through the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. (The early Christians were very bold in their stand for Christ. resulting in the execution of the parents. See Ezekiel 33:8-9. And when you witness to others be sure to let them know that being converted to Christ includes going public for Him. For far too long. When we wake up to the seriousness of our responsibilities. Jesus was willing. and warn those who are lost of their awful condition. Brother would accuse brother. The harvest is ripe and ready to be brought in! God is deeply concerned that you be deeply concerned about the welfare and salvation of others. Cf. We must work while we still have the opportunity. Can you truthfully say you love God if you refuse to obey Christ. and point them to your Lord and Savior? Read what God told John would happen to cowards. the Christian world has been given the false impression that speaking out for our Lord is optional. how are they going to treat you? Any better? When the Church really goes on the offensive. Their answer to the question will tell you what to say next. and open your mouth to speak out for Him. The disciples went literally and immediately into ‗the cities of Israel‘ to preach. Father would betray his child. as God demands. Revelation 21:8. You can ask that question of anyone. to the same extent that you are concerned about the salvation of your own soul. Children would become informers against their parents. at awful cost. and now He expects you to expend yourself and be the savior of others! Otherwise your claim to being converted to Him is a very hollow claim. to be your Savior. flee to the next. at any place.‖ Did Jesus say that He would return during the lifetime of His disciples? ―Another alternative is to take the promise literally and immediately and to interpret the phrase ‗before the Son of Man comes‘ as a reference t o the fact that Jesus rejoined the disciples after their mission. and Jesus literally and immediately . and we don‘t have long years ahead of us to do the work for Christ that needs to be done.) 22You will be hated by everyone because of my name. Even if they walk away you have at least planted a seed in their heart and mind. That‘s a lie from Satan! Eternal life or judgment by God are at stake! You can easily begin a witness for Christ with anyone by simply asking them. Mat 28:18-20. They spoke out and reached the then-known world with the message of the Savior. at any time. Rev 2:26) 23So when they persecute you in one town. We are living in the end of the age. (Jesus forewarned His disciples that they would have to face treachery and betrayal. See 22:39. you can expect to be hated and persecuted even as the early Church was. But we will also see the same results that they saw. ―It is not wrong to escape from danger—only from duty. But the person who endures to the end will be saved.

His cause would be gloriously vindicated in a coming day. they poured upon Him the greatest possible abuse and contempt. or filth. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul. sickness.) 27What I tell you in darkness you must speak in the daylight. Cf.‖) 24“A disciple is not above his teacher. And thru Christ He has made it possible for you to .‖) 30Indeed. Leave the consequences with God. and from hope. By giving the name to Christ. just before He sends them out to declare and demonstrate the kingdom. whose epitaph reads.‖) 29“Two sparrows are sold for a penny. for when they fear hell. they were actually calling Jesus Satan. In derision the Jews changed one letter in the word and gave the name to Satan in an Aramean form – Beelzebul … god of dung. ―God attends the funeral of every sparrow. You are worth more than a bunch of sparrows. Physical death is not the supreme tragedy for the Christian.Matthew rejoined them after their itinerant ministry. (They should not fear the seeming victory of their foes. (Who is He talking to? He is actually addressing Christian missionaries. (…without His knowledge or His presence. To die is to be with Christ and thus far better.” (God created you to be one of His children. aren‟t they? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father‟s permission. and death.) 28Stop being afraid of those who kill the body but can‟t kill the soul. because there is nothing hidden that will not be revealed. and a slave is not above his master. ―Here lies one who feared God so much that he never feared the face of any man. sorrow. As someone has said. This is the greatest loss—eternal separation from God. and what is whispered in your ear you must shout from the housetops. in a real sense. The worst that men can do is kill the body. and it is translation into eternal glory. suffering. John 15:18). Because the Jews had given this name to Satan. (Discipleship involves sharing the Master's rejection. 2 Kings 1:2. He said that they should fear hell themselves. Fear God (Luke 12:2-7) 26“So never be afraid of them. from Christ. It is deliverance from sin. Spiritual death is the loss that cannot be measured and the doom that should be avoided at all cost. (Freely and fearlessly tell others all that God has taught you. be afraid of the one who can destroy both body and soul in hell. So the worst men can do is. how much more will they do the same to those of his household!” (Beelzebub was a god of the Ekronites and the name means Lord of the Flies. even the hairs on your head have all been counted! (He knows more about you than you do! He cares that much!) 31So stop being afraid. they will not fear anyone or anything else. ―hell‖ . the best thing that can happen to the child of God. even martyrdom. The words of Jesus in verse 28 evoke memories of the saintly John ghenna.) 25It is enough for a disciple to be like his teacher and a slave to be like his master. the Twelve. and nothing secret that will not be made known. Instead.

e. I did not come to bring peace but a sword! (i. It is not merely in one act that we are to do it. (―… and are more concerned about pleasing them than pleasing Me. Romans 10:9-10. See Luke 12:8-9. this led to the ultimate confession of the Lord in martyrdom. And the opposition you will face can be very brutal. above all other relationships that you have. 36A person‟s enemies will include members of his own family. Matthew 7:21-23.) 33But whoever denies me before people I. Romans 6:22. (A confession of Christ includes our actions as well as our words.) 38The . To be born again means that we have turned from our rebellion toward God.‟ (Cf. but Division (Luke 12:49-53) 34“Do not think that I came to bring peace on earth. He has such great plans for you!) Acknowledging the Messiah (Luke 12:8-9) 32“Therefore. 14-16.‖ Jesus is calling you to a commitment of all that you are.” (Christ can be disowned by both words and actions. In the case of most of the twelve apostles. 10:9-10. We are therefore to confess Christ in every circumstance of life and before everyone. but in every act. will deny before my Father in heaven.Matthew be forgiven your rebellion and sin and be restored to His family. silence is treason! Mark 8:38) Not Peace. Prepare to fight violently against iniquity. Hebrews 12:14. Revelation 3:5. conflict. will acknowledge before my Father in heaven. too. and the one who loves a son or daughter more than me isn‟t worthy of me. by refusing or neglecting to speak out and act according to His many commands. Mic 7:6.) The Cost of Discipleship (Luke 14:25-27) 37“The one who loves his father or mother more than me isn‟t worthy of me.) 35I came to turn „a man against his father. Without obedience/holiness a person will never see God. taking advantage of every opportunity to speak out for the Lord. When you in truth take your stand for Christ and for what He taught. and we now obey Him. and to take a stand for Him. you will be declaring your opposition to the lost world‘s standards. everyone who acknowledges me before people I. When either Heaven or Hell are at stake. Obedience refused is to deny or disown Christ as Lord. and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. too. Any shame or reproach we might bear will be abundantly rewarded in heaven when the Lord Jesus confesses us before His Father. and by silence. a daughter against her mother.

it is true. will gain eternal life.‖ We are not saved by works. disappointment. But the one who lives only to please Me. or do. and the one who loses his life because of me will find it. or adversity of any other kind. He asks for your affection – unto death! Are we worthy of His love and sacrifice for us if we give Him anything less? To carry our cross and follow Him means to do our full duty toward God and man. Proverbs 3:35. A cross is an instrument of death. security. and is willing to lose out in much. Romans 5:2. because.” (Love of Christ must overmaster the instinct of self-preservation. Obedience is the test of devotion. suffering. He now asks you to die to yourself for His sake and the sake of others. and who denies Me by avoiding any rejection he might experience by openly confessing to one and all that he loves Me and lives only to please Me. trials. resulting in a sincere desire and intention to do all that is required of us by our Lord.) 39The one who finds his life will lose it. and priests ministered in the name of the Lord. But it is also true that we are not saved unless we are truly born again. while kings bore rule in the name of the Lord. and work industriously to further His Kingdom and glory and our future glory. 8:18. no matter what others may think. but the greatest use of a life is to spend it in the service of Christ. the prophet came from the Lord to instruct both priest and king. The greatest waste of a life is to spend it in the gratification of self. The greatest possible difference you could make with the rest of your life is to help others be in heaven with you. that this brief life offers as he gives his life to Me. 1 Cor 15:31. if you help the prophet along. (The cross Christ is speaking of here is not sickness. Christ calls all of His followers to death – to willingly die daily to all selfish desire and ambitions.Matthew one who doesn‟t take up his cross and follow me isn‟t worthy of me. with his comfort. or all. the same reward that is given to the prophet will be given to you. 1 Corinthians 15:43. and pleasures here.) 41The one who receives a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet‟s reward. Think of that if you are inclined to criticize a speaker! If you . (The Jews regarded the reward of the prophet as the greatest. say.) Rewards (Mark 9:41) 40“The one who receives you receives me. but all are called on to value Him so highly that they do not count their lives precious to themselves. Not all disciples are required to lay down their lives for the Lord. Christ says that if you do no more than receive a prophet in the capacity of prophet. (To receive an ambassador. and the one who receives a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person‟s reward. John 12:24. is to enjoy diplomatic relations with his country. according to His instructions in Scripture. Christ is actually saying. who stands in the place of the government that commissions him. Christ died for you. and the one who receives me receives the one who sent me. a means of execution! A man carrying a cross was a man devoted to death. ―Anyone who is mainly concerned about ‗having it made‘ in this life. will lose eternal life.

“Go and tell John what you hear and observe: 5the blind see. John was not like this. On Jesus' lips. His gentleness. Christ have the same meaning – the anointed One. (Jesus answered that He was performing the miracles predicted of the Messiah: Isa 35:5-6. those who wear fancy clothes live in kings‟ houses.) 42I tell all of you with certainty. 18. you will lose your reward. recognized Jesus of Nazareth as the promised Messiah. You should not regard his dress.” (No kindness shown to a follower of Jesus will go unnoticed. not John the disciple. ―Is this message of God for me? Is this man a prophet of God to my soul?‖ If he is. It is a great thing to help a man who is seeking to do good. but you should look beyond these things and say. and the destitute hear the good news. Isa 7:14. an embodied conscience. 9:6-7. Mic 5:2. the dead are raised. John was not moved or shaken by anyone or culture. Messiah and Gr. whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple will never lose his reward. and encourage him you will get part of his reward.) 6How blessed is anyone who is not offended by me!” (On other lips this would be the boast of a supreme egotist.Matthew help him to speak for God. who would rather suffer than be silent. Are you?) 8Really. 61:1. lepers are cleansed. receive him. the lame walk. Jer 23:5-6. was in the Fort of Macherus. “Are you the Coming One. what did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy clothes? See. and get part of his reward. or should we wait for someone else?” (Deut 18:15. Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John.) Matthew 11 1When Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples. and rather die than lie. lowliness. John was a fearless preacher. Zech 9:9. Men who were guided by fleshly desires might doubt His claim to kingship. Did John send these disciples for himself. magnify his word and work. and humiliation were out of character with the prevailing image of the militant Messiah. his attitude. he sent a message by his disciples (John the Baptist. but if you make it difficult for him to discharge his office.) 3and asked him. (John was a simple man of God whose austere life was a rebuke to . the Messiah had come as a humble Carpenter. his manners or his voice. by spiritual insight. John the Baptist Sends Messengers to Jesus (Luke 7:18-35) 2Now when John heard in prison about the activities of the Messiah. it is the valid expression of His personal perfection. But God's blessing would rest on those who. “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? (Meaning someone who is swayed by every person‘s opinion or criticism.) 7As they were leaving. Heb. he left there to teach and preach in their home towns. or for them for a training mission?) 4Jesus answered them. Instead of appearing as a colorful military general. 53:4. the deaf hear.

but he does have greater privilege.‟ (Other men had prophesied the Coming of Christ. but he did not live to enjoy the blessings of the kingdom. John is like Elijah. Luke 1:17. John's privilege was great in preparing the way for the Lord. When did the Old Testament end? John the Baptist. „See. Cf 2 Kings 2:11. This is the meaning in Luk 16:16. It has been well said. pay heed. and urging the need of such energy if salvation is to be obtained.) 9Really. (Jesus was speaking of John's privilege. Elijah will return shortly before God judges the earth. John closed the Old Testament. Don't miss the significance of what you are hearing. All Hell will oppose him in every step he takes. According to traditional reincarnation. Hebrews 9:27. among those born of women no one has appeared who is greater than John the Baptist. I tell you. (They were the instructors concerning the Messiah who was to come. He came in the spirit of Elijah. eloquence. and violent people have been attacking it.) 10This is the man about whom it is written. peace and spiritual joy. the kingdom from heaven has been forcefully advancing. he will surely perish everlastingly. Our Lord is describing the energy with which some people are pressing in. ―John opened the way for Christ and then he got out of the way for Christ. Mal 3:1) 11I tell all of you with certainty. Jews still put a place setting on the table for the prophet Elijah. until John came). In the Passover service today. or persuasiveness.‖ Cf.) 12“From the days of John the Baptist until the present. John was a prophet—in fact. To be a citizen of the kingdom is greater than to announce its arrival. 14If you are willing to accept it. he was greater because of his position as forerunner of the Messiah-King. and at every expense. Jesus opens the New Testament. He that will take. Nowhere does the Bible teach reincarnation. Just as a drowning man may become ―violent‖ to be saved and at times have to be knocked out by a lifeguard. John was not Elijah reincarnated. he is Elijah who is to come. Elijah does not fit the reincarnation model — he did not die. I am sending my messenger ahead of you. because even John said he was not Elijah. If John fulfilled the prophecy concerning Elijah. The Lord did not imply here that he was greater as to his personal character.Matthew the enormous worldliness of the people. (Those who were ready for the King's coming responded vigorously to the announcement and strained every muscle to enter. one must first die before he can be reincarnated into another body. This requires a violent earnestness. what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes. The final segment of the service is called the ―cup of Elijah‖ looking forward to the coming of Elijah as the forerunner of Messiah. and if a man be not absolutely determined to give up his sins and evil companions and have his soul saved at all hazards.) 13because the Law and all the Prophets prophesied up to the time of John. not his character. the kingdom of righteousness. then Jesus was . John 1:21. the greatest of the prophets. Yet even the least important person in the kingdom from heaven is greater than he. who will prepare your way before you. but John was the one chosen to announce His actual arrival. must be in earnest. Luke 16:16.) 15Let the person who has ears listen! (In other words. or get possession of. and even more than a prophet! (Well. Malachi 4:5-6. He was taken to heaven. (Very likely meaning. A person who is least in the kingdom of heaven does not necessarily have a better character than John.

” (We find several verses in the Gospels where the words ―tax collectors and sinners‖ are used. Others find fault in what tracts you pass out or why you do not give out full Bibles. They will charge you of looking mean. as they were measured lower than a sinner and on the food chain of sin. 17„A wedding song we played for you. right? Not according to the Bible. than if you do quote them. „Look. a friend of tax collectors and sinners!‟ Absolved from every act of sin. Meaning tax collectors were not even considered a regular sinner. He befriended sinners in order to save them from their sins. Some have issues with the message on your t-shirts. If all sin were the same. you are attacked for taking them out of context and not knowing your Bible. is wisdom by all her children.‟ (If you preach on the streets you will not be liked for many reasons. any verse or saying used on those sandwich signs are not gospel. but He never shared or approved their sins. Jesus was reaffirming His claim to be the Christ of God. „He has a demon!‟ 19The Son of Man came eating and drinking. they will not like you for another reason. Though the mass of the Jews might refuse to acknowledge Him as MessiahKing. He is vindicated in His works and in the lives of His followers. He was a man of the people.) Jesus Denounces Unrepentant Cities (Luke 10:13-15) 20Then Jesus began to denounce the cities in which most of his miracles had taken place. too.) 18Because John didn‟t come eating or drinking. because they didn‟t repent. your method you used is wrong. yet people say.) 16“To what can I compare the people living today? They‟re like little children who sit in the marketplaces and shout to each other. To accept one would lead to acceptance of the other. or your political view. You will be told that you do not quote Bible verses. but then you would not mourn. having no joy and others will accuse you of joking too much or just not keeping with the gospel. Bottom line is people will fault find things in your life or what they think you have said and if they don‘t like you for one reason. and they say. your signs or banners are bad. you are too condemning and taunt sinners. they don‘t like your message. they were so bad they had their own label. you never invite people to Church and you are too judgmental. Though unbelieving men might slander Him. (Now the scripture does not say what our Lord preached in those cities but we do know that the word ―denounce‖ is the strongest word for rebuke. Jesus kept company with sinners. the dance you all did scorn. you need to give out water. You don‘t sing when you preach. A woeful dirge we chanted.Matthew the promised Messiah! In thus accrediting John the Baptist. There are degrees of sin to ears that can hear. so you can bet the farm that Jesus did not go around quoting John 3:16 . And of course the famous. Cf 1 Cor 1:30. The Lord Jesus is Wisdom personified. a glutton and a drunk. His claims were completely verified by His miracles and by the spiritual transformation of His devoted disciples. why were they just all called ‗sinners?‘ Tax collectors are sinners too.

Why worse for Chorazin and Bethsaida? If the works that were done at Chorazin and Bethsaida where done there. Chorazin and Bethsaida will have a greater judgment than Tyre and Sidon because they were given greater light and did not respond. 4. where the gospel is broadcast.) Jesus Praises the Father and Invites the Disciples to Come to Him . are without excuse. will you? You‟ll go down to Hell! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Sodom. (Chorazin and Bethsaida are nothing but ruins today. Sodom will not be punished as severely as Capernaum in the day of judgment. But Capernaum's privilege was greater. Capernaum. they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.) 24Indeed I tell you. Therefore. Bethsaida. 2.‖ They assume that everyone will receive the same punishment in hell. But no sin is greater than Capernaum's rejection of the holy Son of God. 3. it would have remained to this day. the capital of homosexuality. there were four prominent cities in Galilee: Chorazin.Matthew to everyone. the most exalted in privilege. This verse shows that there will be degrees of punishment. Chorazin! How terrible it will be for you. how much truer of places where Bibles abound. they would have repented.) 21“How terrible it will be for you. and where few. Bethsaida! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Tyre and Sidon. 5. This remarkable fulfillment of prophecy is one more evidence of the Savior's omniscience and the Bible's inspiration. To charge with a fault. It was the most favoured spot on earth. it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon on Judgment Day than for you! (The words indicate that there will be degrees of punishment in hell. The location of Capernaum is not positive. (Jesus had made Capernaum His headquarters during His entire public life. Tyre and Sidon are all through the Old Testament. just as there will be degrees of reward in heaven. To whom much is given. 6. if any. Cf John 3:36. In the days of our Lord. Had vile Sodom. What has been the result? The destruction of Chorazin and Bethsaida is so complete that their exact sites are unknown. who never accepted Jesus. however. it will be more bearable for the land of Sodom on Judgment Day than for you!” (Sinners often accuse God of being unjust by saying ―God is unfair in that Hitler and a dear old lady. The single sin that consigns men to hell is refusal to submit to Jesus Christ. Capernaum! You won‟t be lifted up to heaven. But the depth of suffering in hell is conditional on the privileges spurned and the sins indulged. To treat discourteously. Its people should have repented and gladly acknowledged the Lord. If this is true of Capernaum. Some of His most extraordinary miracles were performed there. To reproach with severe or insulting words. been so privileged. Tiberias still stands. and Tiberias. it would have repented and been spared. will be according to righteousness. Lifted up to heaven in privilege. To allege something disgraceful against. Cf 1 Cor 3:12-15. Capernaum will be brought down to Hell in judgment. much will be required. But Capernaum missed its day of opportunity.) 23“And you. To jeer at. will both go to hell. Here are a few definitions to the word ―upbraid‖: 1. To attribute blame to. He denounced the first three but not Tiberias. God‘s judgment. Sodom's sin of perversion was great.) 22Indeed I tell you.

because you have hidden these things from wise and intelligent people and have revealed them to infants. But it does mean that we do not have to bear them alone. Jesus was not expressing pleasure in the inevitable judgment of the Galilean cities. (The Son will reveal many things about the Father to all who give clear evidence of true and total desire to make Him Lord of all their life. etc. all of you who are weary and loaded down with burdens. They deliberately refused to submit to Him. When they refused the light. We should avoid two possible misunderstandings.) 30because my yoke is pleasant. No one fully knows the Son except the Father. The following verse guards against such an interpretation. a plow. God withheld the light from them.) 26Yes.” (A yoke is a wooden frame to fasten two animals together to pull a load. We are yoked with One who gives sufficient grace for every time of need. Secondly.Matthew (Luke 10:21-22) 25At that time Jesus said. When we read that the Father is revealed only to those whom the Son chooses. First. Lord of heaven and earth. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is preceded by repentance toward God. let us remember that it was issued after the blatant rejection of Jesus by the favored cities of Galilee. Only those who acknowledge they are lost can be saved. it would have read. because this is what was pleasing to you. To serve Him is not bondage but perfect freedom. Someone has suggested that if Jesus had had a sign outside His carpenter's shop. and no one fully knows the Father except the Son and the person to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. (―wise and intelligent‖ as the world sees them. The Lord Jesus issues a universal invitation to all who are weary and heavy laden to come to Him for rest. Unlike those of the Pharisees! Mat 23:4. Man's hate and obstinacy could not extinguish His love and grace. we might be tempted to think of an arbitrary selection of a favored few. and I will give you rest. Jer 6:16. “I praise you.‖ His burden is light. As we examine this invitation of infinite tenderness. 27All things have been entrusted to me by my Father. But those who admit their lack of wisdom receive a revelation of Him. Jesus thanked the Father for ordaining that if some would not have Him. (Cf. a person must admit that he is burdened with the weight of sin. (In order to truly come to Jesus.) 28“Come to me.) 29Place my yoke on you and learn from me. Father. But God's plans will not fail. and you will find rest for your souls. ―My yokes fit well. or heartaches in the Christian life. Father. Jesus' yoke is easy. In the face of titanic unbelief He found consolation in the overruling plan and purpose of God. In other words. and my burden is light. others would. the ones to whom He chooses to reveal the Father are those who trust Him as Lord and Savior. The cities had every chance to welcome the Lord Jesus. it does not chafe. This does not mean that there are no problems. He did not imply that God had high-handedly withheld the light from the wise and prudent. A yoke is supposed to curb the will and bring one under control. labor. trials. Those who consider themselves too wise and understanding to need Christ become afflicted with judicial blindness.) . because I am gentle and humble.

legally installed in the ten commandments. The Sabbath is set apart by the Lord. (―Sabbath‖: Saturday. “Look! Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!” (Though their specific charges are not stated it is likely that the Pharisees. It cost the Lord a lot more to redeem you. the Jewish day of rest . Also. Cf. there is also. God permitted an otherwise forbidden act. Instituted in Genesis 1. Yet. he and his followers would not have had to eat the showbread.) 2When the Pharisees saw this.) 5Or haven‟t you read in the Law that on every Sabbath the priests in the Temple violate the Sabbath and yet are innocent? (―violate the Sabbath‖ by carrying out priestly duties. If He had been given His proper place.) 7If you had known what „I want mercy and not . Here the Sabbath day is linked not only to creation. Harvesting picking the grain. Deut 23:25. Thus. and is what they ultimately accuse Him of. Because there was sin in Israel. 29:32-33. The Temple hadn‘t yet been built. Exod 25:30.rubbing it in their hands. A sinful nation had rejected him.separating the grain from the chaff). The Lord Jesus was the rightful King of Israel. however. something greater than the Temple is here! (―something greater than the Temple‖: This is important because it comes up in His trial.) 4How is it that he went into the house of God and ate the Bread of the Presence.Matthew Matthew 12 Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-28. 2. Neither David nor his men were priests. they told him. Winnowing . but also to the redemption. If he had been given his rightful place. 11. Num 28:9) 6But I tell you. a Sabbath for the land. the disciples‘ crime was not that they were stealing the grain. Luke 6:1-5) 1At that time. but rather the apparent crime was that they were doing this on the Sabbath day. but the nation would not acknowledge Him as Sovereign. It was not David's fault that he was in exile. “Haven‟t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? (1 Sam 21:5. 15. His disciples became hungry and began picking heads of grain to eat. The Sabbath here is referring to the Sabbath for man. note that the disciples were not stealing. There where laws were strangers passing by could pick the grain that they needed for hunger. Why not? The reason is that God's law was never intended to inflict hardship on His faithful people. than to create you in the first place. the tabernacle tent. Threshing . accused the disciples of: 1. Lev 8:31. Deut 5:14. legal nit-pickers. 3But he told them. yet God never found fault with them for doing this. The Law of gleaning which comes into play in the Book of Ruth also plays an important role here. The analogy is clear. Jesus walked through the grain fields on a Sabbath. which was not lawful for him and his companions to eat but was reserved for the priests? (―house of God‖: that is. The Pharisees added more rules to the Sabbath. because they had done no wrong. The Lord did not reprove His disciples. The Sabbath day is tied to the concept of creation. History was repeating itself. 3.see Ex 20:10. His followers would not have been reduced to eating in this way on the Sabbath or on any other day of the week.

if he had one sheep and it fell into a ditch on the Sabbath.) 12How much more is a human being worth than a sheep! So it is lawful to do good on Sabbath days. 10Suddenly.) 11But he asked them. (Visible problem. Obedience was then rewarded with healing. went out and plotted against Jesus to kill him. how much more justified is it to do good to a man on the Sabbath!) 13Then he told the man. they thought.) 14The Pharisees.” He held it out and it became normal. Jesus kept the Sabbath in spite of the accusations of the Pharisees to the contrary. If He would heal on the Sabbath.) Jesus Heals a Man with a Paralyzed Hand (Mark 3:1-6. This doesn‘t mean that God won‘t honor you if you choose to honor the . He would rather see His people picking grain on the Sabbath to satisfy their hunger than observing the day so strictly as to inflict physical distress. (You would think that the Pharisees would have been happy that the man. however. “Is there a man among you who. If they had had a withered hand. Despite some of these amusing episodes. That which we do is done as an act of worship. you would not have condemned the innocent. a man with a paralyzed hand appeared. Faith and human will were called into action. Instead they went into a white rage against Jesus. A set-up or entrapment. but it is another to ignore the pragmatics of the situation.Matthew sacrifice‟ means. as healthy as his other hand. they were an economic unit. It is one thing to ordain the Sabbath so it has reverence and respect. The people asked Jesus if it was lawful to heal on Sabbath days. was healed.) 8for the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath. they would have been glad to be healed on any day of the week. They knew that the Savior was always predisposed to alleviate human misery. Jesus doesn‘t wait for an answer. As a faithful Jew living under the law. (Rhetorical questions. not as a prerequisite to our access to the throne of Grace. Our access is through the completed work of Jesus Christ who did keep the Sabbath day for you and I.” (It was He who had instituted the law in the first place. Jesus went into their synagogue. We need to realize that we are not saved by the days we keep. wouldn‟t take hold of it and pull it out? (Sheep were not pets. whom they had neither the power nor inclination to help. (Quoting from Hos 6:6. we are saved by the Lord we keep. Sabbath day issue: There are those who are really hung up on this issue. so it is practical to get it out. As the Lord of the Sabbath. then they would catch Him in a punishable offense.” (If it is right to show mercy to an animal. and therefore He was the One most qualified to interpret its true meaning. intending to accuse him of doing something wrong. If one waited to deliver it until after the Sabbath it may die or be stolen. Luke 6:6-11) 9Moving on from there. (Luke tells us that the scribes and Pharisees were there to watch Him so that they might find some charge against Him). God puts compassion before ritual. He freed it from the false rules and regulations with which it had become encrusted. “Hold out your hand.


Sabbath day as a day of worship. Just recognize why you are doing it, don‘t make it a legalistic thing.) Jesus, God’s Chosen Servant

Jesus became aware of this, he left that place. Many crowds followed him, and he healed all of them, (He healed ALL of them!) 16ordering them not to make him known. (Too much public acclaim would only increase the fury of the opposition, causing them to demand His death immediately, before His work was finished. God had chosen the time and place for Him to die. He was the Lamb of God who must die in Jerusalem on the day of Passover as God‘s sacrifice for the sins of the world. Ex 12:1-14; 29:38-39; Isa 53:7; John 1:29, 36; 1 Pet 1:19; Rev 5:6; 12:11. The Passover Lamb was killed on the 14th day of the first Jewish month, Nisan, at twilight … right after sundown, which was the beginning of the day in Israel. Lev 23:5. Christ was sacrificed on the same day at 9 o‘clock in the morning as the 14th of Nisan began at the previous sundown. Mark 15:25. And He died at 3 in the afternoon of the same day. So the last Jewish Passover recognized by God was observed during the first 12 hours of the 14th of Nisan. After which, God made His sacrifice for the sins of all the world during the last 12 hours of the same day. When this happened it was God‘s New Testament, or God‘s New Agreement with mankind, regarding the forgiveness of our sins. See John 3:16.) 17This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet Isaiah when he said, 18“Here is my Servant whom I have chosen, whom I love, and with whom I am pleased! I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to unbelievers. (God would put His Spirit upon Him—a prophecy fulfilled at the baptism of Jesus. And His ministry would reach beyond the confines of Israel: He would proclaim justice to the Gentiles. This latter note becomes more dominant as Israel's ―NO‖ grows louder.) 19He will not quarrel or shout, and no one will hear him shouting in the streets. (In other words, He would not be a political rabble-rouser, stirring up the populace.) 20He will not snap off a broken reed or snuff out a smoldering wick until he has brought justice through to victory. (He will not break the person who is weeping and mourning and broken in spirit because of sin; that is, He will not be severe, unforgiving and cruel. He will pardon, heal, and give strength. He will not further oppress those who have little strength. He will not extinguish life and hope when it seems to be almost gone.) 21And in his name unbelievers will hope.” (Cf. Isa 42:14. In Isaiah this expression is worded ―And the coastlands take ownership of His law,‖ but the meaning is the same. The coastlands refer to the Gentile nations. They are pictured as waiting for His reign so that they might be His loyal subjects.) Jesus is Accused of Working with Beelzebul (Mark 3:20-30; Luke 11:14-23; 12:10)


a demon-possessed man who was blind and unable to talk was brought to him. Jesus healed him so that the man could speak and see. (In Judaism, there were procedures for exorcism, but in the procedures they required the demon to identify himself. Thus, if it was the type of demon that had struck this guy dumb, there was no way to exorcize him as one could not get him to identify himself. In this case, this exorcism was recognized as unusual.) 23All the crowds were amazed and kept saying, “This man isn‟t the Son of David, is he?” 24But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.” (Second time they have attributed His works to Beelzebub. This ties to the unpardonable sin.) 25He knew what they were thinking and told them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is destroyed, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand. (Jesus knew their thoughts. Only God can know one‘s thoughts.) 26So if Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How, then, can his kingdom stand? (Jesus is pointing out the logical fallacy of the Pharisee‘s position.) 27If I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own followers drive them out? That is why they will be your judges! (Jesus is referring to they, the other Jewish followers, who did have demonstrated power to cast out demons. Acts 19:13.) 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you. 29How can someone go into a strong man‟s house and carry off his possessions without first tying up the strong man? Then he can ransack his house. (Jesus is the One who can tie up Satan‘s demons. Far from being in league with Satan, the Lord Jesus was Satan's Conqueror. The Strong man‘s house - Rev 6 - 19 where the strong man‘s house is the Planet Earth!) 30The person who isn‟t with me is against me, and the person who isn‟t gathering with me is scattering. (There is no middle ground. There can be no neutrality concerning Christ. You are either truly for Him and working with Him, or you are against Him, and your indifference or opposition gives evidence of it. To fail to openly take a definite stand for Christ, and openly defend His truths and His true servants, is to be a deserter and a traitor. Rom 10:9-10). 31So I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. (The ministry of the Holy Spirit is to convict you of sin, and your need for a savior. While Satan tries to condemn you for your sins. Remember Rom 8:1. How does one tell if it is conviction from the Holy Spirit or condemnation from Satan? Is what is happening drawing you closer to or away from God? If your feeling of remorse for your sin is drawing you into God‘s Word, than that is the Holy Spirit. If the feelings, attitudes, thoughts and doubts over the issue, cause you to shun the Word, that is Satan trying to get you on a guilt trip.) 32Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the one to come.” (If you are worried about having committed the unpardonable sin, you haven‘t done it! Many people worry that they have committed the unpardonable sin. The fact that a person is concerned is evidence that he is not guilty of it. Those who committed it


were hard and unrelenting in their opposition to Christ. They had no qualms about insulting the Spirit and no hesitancy in plotting the death of the Son. They showed neither remorse nor repentance.) A Tree is Known by Its Fruit (Luke 6:43-45)

make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree rotten and its fruit rotten, because a tree is known by its fruit. (Even the Pharisees should have admitted that the Lord had done good by casting out demons. Yet they accused Him of being evil. Here He exposes their inconsistency and says, in effect, ―Make up your minds.‖ The fruit of His ministry had been good. He had healed the sick, the blind, the deaf, and the dumb, had cast out demons and raised the dead. Could a corrupt tree have produced such good fruit? Utterly impossible! Why then did they so stubbornly refuse to acknowledge Him?) 34You children of serpents! How can you say anything good when you are evil? The mouth speaks about what overflows from the heart. (―children of serpents‖: Gen 3:15. Heart: Jer 17:9, 10; Matt 15:19. The Bible clearly teaches whatever is in a man‘s heart will come out from his mouth. If you wish to see who is a real Christian at work, just hang around the water cooler and listen to what people say. The language is fornication, adultery, drunkenness, drugs, smoking, sports, lying, stealing and gossip. The office watering hole will expose who you are as we will be judged by those very words. No matter what ministry or calling you think God wants for you, speaking, witnessing and preaching should be as natural as breathing. For IF Jesus is in your heart, JESUS WILL come out from those lips be it one on one or one on ten thousand.) 35A good person brings good things out of a good treasure house, and an evil person brings evil things out of an evil treasure house. (A heart filled with goodness will be evidenced by words of grace and righteousness. A wicked heart expresses itself in blasphemy, bitterness, and abuse.) 36I tell you, on Judgment Day people will give an account for every thoughtless word they have uttered, (There is not a word on our tongue that God doesn‘t know. Because the words people have spoken are an accurate gauge of their lives, they will form a suitable basis for condemnation or acquittal.) 37because by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.” (Rom 10:9, 10.) The Sign of Jonah (Mark 8:11-12; Luke 11:29-32)

some of the scribes and Pharisees told Jesus, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.” (They have just seen a leper healed, two blind men, a demoniac, etc. all healed! And they still want a sign!) 39But he replied to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign. Yet no sign will be given to it except the

so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. Was Jesus in the grave for exactly three days and three nights? If Jesus was crucified on Friday. Such passages as Genesis 42:17. However. Men. (The unsaved often want a ―sign‖ from God. This was the only sign Jesus ever gave them to prove His Messiahship. 13.Matthew sign of the prophet Jonah. so shall Jesus spend three days and three nights in the belly of the earth. allege that the Jews counted a part of a day as the whole day. ―heart of the earth‖ . a real story.) 40because just as Jonah was in the stomach of the sea creature for three days and three nights. Esther 4:15-17. First. their conscience. three days and three nights." What authority has any man to contradict these plain words by affirming the time was not so long? The expression. and 1 Chronicles 10:5 are cited to prove this theory. permanent. from Hades. Sheol. i. 1 Samuel 30:12.e. is not the same wording as "three days and three nights" in Matthew 12:40. in Esther 4:15. The Abusso has no bottom: and the only place on earth with no bottom is the center of the earth. the Jews demanded a sign of Him to prove His claim. This is in spite of the testimony of creation. The Abusso was probably the center of Hades.‖ Second. how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? Some scholars believe Jesus was in the grave for three full days and nights. it would prove unto them that He was not the Messiah. none of these passages prove "three days and three nights" means two nights and one day. they give no evidence as to the meaning of "three days and three nights. While Ghenna is in the outer darkness. Hades was temporary place.) 41The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment and condemn the people living today. i. they argue that the passover was not a fixed day. Third. 72 hours. There is no mention of any nights at all in the other passages.where is Hades. there is no explanation for what He did on Wednesday. in order to get the Bible out of an embarrassing situation. they point out that. Since Jesus claimed to be the Messiah. (Authentication of the Book of Jonah! The prophet Jonah wrote the book. Only one of them even contains the expression "three days and three nights" 1 Samuel 30:12. on the view that Jesus was crucified on Friday. The "three days and three nights" in Jonah 1:17 are to be taken in their literal sense. He is referring to the grave. Luke 16 . the Bible. they insist that this is the literal meaning of the phrase ―three days and nights.e. Luke 11:30. But there is absolutely no reason to give "three days and three nights" in 1 Samuel 30:12 any meaning except their literal meaning. Divine inspiration declares the young man "had eaten no bread. in the center of the earth. Friday. If this sign were not literally fulfilled. and the Christian. but floated.Abraham‘s bosom is the good side of Hades. night and day". there is a gulf between the good half and bad half of Hades. ghenna? Jesus points out that Jonah spent three days and three nights in the belly of the whale. Jesus could give them no better proof that He was the Messiah than the literal fulfillment of the well-known sign of Jonah. All other days are accounted for. being crucified on Wednesday. nor drunk any water." There is no reason to take any of the passages cited in any sense except their literal sense. . They offer the following in support of this contention. "three days. 18. Hence the great need for Him to do exactly what He promised them to do. therefore. and not just a myth. 1 Kings 20:29. unless one has a theory to prove.

Cf. Yet they had no room in their lives for Him. He had traveled from heaven to their little neighborhood to be their Messiah-King.” 48He asked the man who told him. His allegiance. and put in order. Luke 8:19-21) 46While Jesus was still speaking to the crowds. at great effort and expense. but finds none. 44Then it says. as the sequel shows. (Casting out a demon from someone leaves a vacancy. (Jesus had brothers and sisters.‟ When it arrives. asking to speak to you. Second. a Gentile outside the pale of Jewish privilege. because she came from so far away to hear the wisdom of Solomon. was to His family of faith. „I will go back to my home that I left. and who are my brothers?” 49Then pointing with his hand at his disciples. it finds it empty. wanting to speak to him.” (Jesus was saying that His circle. yet when they heard the preaching of the errant prophet Jonah. the queen of Sheba. Before leaving this incident. they repented with deep grief. There must be the positive acceptance of the Savior. he said.) 47Someone told him. The Jews of Jesus' day did not have to travel at all to see Him.Matthew because they repented at the preaching of Jonah. First. But look! Something greater than Solomon is here!” (Second. “Look! Your mother and your brothers are standing outside. First.) 45Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself. it wanders through waterless places looking for a place to rest. it is evident that Mary did not occupy any place of special privilege as far as access into His presence was concerned. But look—something greater than Jonah is here! (Jesus depicted the guilt of the Jewish leaders by two contrasts. but one must fill the vacuum left behind. A spiritual vacuum is a dangerous condition. the Gentiles of Nineveh were far less privileged. 1 Kings 10:1-13. swept clean. “Who is my mother. we should mention two points concerning the mother of Jesus. Reformation is not enough. and they go in and settle there. the mention of Jesus' brothers strikes a blow at the teaching that . 50because whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother. From here on Jesus speaks only in parables to the public. his mother and brothers stood outside. Cf. And so the final condition of that person becomes worse than the first. for an interview with Solomon. That‟s just what will happen to this evil generation!” The True Family of Jesus (Mark 3:31-35. One may cleanse the man of the demon. “Here are my mother and my brothers.) The Return of the Unclean Spirit (Luke 11:24-26) 43“Whenever an unclean spirit goes out of a person. traveled from the South. Jonah 3:1-10) 42The queen of the south will stand up and condemn the people living today.

there are no roots. birds are bad in parables. where they did not have a lot of soil. “Listen! A farmer went out to sow. The first is hard surface. (Jer 4:3. He sat in a boat and taught the multitude on the shore. It is either all or nothing. this was a real event. and some 30 times what was sown. The field in the collective sense is the world. there is a little soil but not enough to take root. the kingdom will be preached to the nations. Don‘t confuse parables with stories. Lazarus. The world makes it‘s demands on you and the thorns choke out any spiritual fruit. a little persecution and they are on to the next fad.) 8But other seeds fell on good soil and produced a crop. an object lesson or an allegory. Who are the birds? See v. he had a name.) 4As he was sowing. some 100. (―birds‖: Jer 5:27) 5Other seeds fell on stony ground.Matthew Mary was a perpetual virgin. Mar 3:31-32. This view is strengthened by such other Scriptures as Ps 69:8. 11. (Jesus was a ―beach preacher‖. they were scorched. Third. while the entire crowd stood on the shore. the seed of the word of God must be allowed to penetrate deep into the life and soul of a person and take full possession. they dried up.) 2Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat down. 1 Cor 9:5. John 7:3. The implication is strong that these were actual sons of Mary and therefore half-brothers of our Lord. The rich man and Lazarus is not a parable. Luke 8:4-18) 1That day Jesus left the house and sat down beside the sea. four. in this case. A little pressure. and the thorn bushes grew higher and choked them out. Hos 10:12. Perhaps a prophecy. Mat 13:55. some 60. during its interim form. the seed lays there and the birds of the air take it away. sowing the seed. 6But when the sun came up. and birds came and ate them up. Who is the Sower and what is He sowing? God is the Sower and the seed is His Word. the evil one takes away the seed. In the world there is different kinds of ground. Stories happened. they mean well but they get swept up in the cares of this world. (Notice the decline in the fruit. Thus the Lord's movement symbolizes a break with Israel. A parable is sort of like a riddle. (The Holy Spirit seems to use idioms or ideas consistently … called the ―Principle of Expositional Constancy‖.) 9Let the person who has ears listen!” (The model is that the Lord is the Sower. some seeds fell along the path. They sprouted at once because the soil wasn‟t deep. He said. 7:5. Since they did not have any roots. Cf Isa 55:10.) Matthew 13 The Parable about a Farmer (Mark 4:1-9. 19. Verse 18 explains the parables to the disciples in private. If you are holding back any portion of yourself from the Lord. In stony places. Gal 1:19. the Gentiles. (Many Bible students see the house as picturing the nation of Israel and the sea. and are unwilling to be faithful and obedient . 7Other seeds fell among thorn bushes. which is the Word of God. 6:3. To produce fruit. Acts 1:14.) 3Then he began to tell them many things in parables.

they would be given the capacity for more. You will look and look but never comprehend.) 13That‟s why I speak to them in parables. (Is God unfair in giving to those who have? What is He talking about? Spiritual insight. more will be given. even what he has will be taken away from him.‟ (Cf. and hear with their ears. 19:26. John 12. The parables would be revealed to those who were sincerely interested but would prove ―only an irritation to those who were hostile to Jesus. They have shut their eyes so that they might not see with their eyes. One commentator compares the parables to the pillar of cloud and fire which enlightened Israel while confusing the Egyptians. and he will have more than enough.‟ (Cf. Not for those in the darkness. therefore. Mark 4:25. A mystery or a secret in the NT is a fact never previously known by man. because „they look but don‟t see.‖ These are the words of God in human form. therefore they were not only prevented from receiving more light. He was speaking of Himself—blessed are those who see Him and hear His words. they would lose what little light they had.) 11He answered them. The last type is the condition of the heart where the seed really takes root and bears fruit. (The parables are given to those who are spiritually enlightened so you can know the mysteries of the kingdom.) 12because to anyone who has something. 15for this people‟s heart has become dull. and they listen but don‟t hear or understand. but it hasn‟t been given to them. you are living in rebellion against Him. and your ears because they hear! (These are not the words of merely a ―great teacher. They had accepted the light. had rejected the Light of the world. Adam and Eve were rebellious in only one area of their lives. on the other hand. but only to those who have the Holy Spirit to illuminate His truth. Remember. but which has now been revealed.‖) 14“With them the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled.) 16“How blessed are your eyes because they see. Luke 8:18. This does not mean that God demands sinless perfection. But He certainly does demand perfect intent. The Jewish nation. “Why do you speak to people in parables?” (They asked Him to explain His method.) The Purpose of the Parables (Mark 4:10-12. which says: „You will listen and listen but never understand. Cf. they would receive more light. Isa 42:20. “You have been given knowledge about the secrets of the kingdom from heaven. Isa 6:9-10. and I would heal them. and their ears are hard of hearing. But from the one who doesn‟t have anything. therefore. The disciples had faith in the Lord Jesus. and understand with their heart and turn. which man could never learn apart from divine revelation. One almost gets the idea that the truth is embodied in parables to tuck it away so some can‘t find them.Matthew in everything. Light rejected is light denied. He was either the greatest egotist who ever lived. or . They are a learning aid. Luke 8:9-10) 10Then the disciples came and asked Jesus. You are not really converted.

The disciples were favored to live at that crisis moment in history. but not if . he immediately falls away. When trouble or persecution comes along because of the word. they also need to pray. he lasts for only a short time. to see the Messiah. Some of these folks even attend church regularly. Those who receive the seed in the thin soil on the rock are those who joyfully accept the message.” (Consider what the Lord is saying here in the parable about the farmer sowing seed. backed by much prayer by preacher and people. 60. to witness His miracles. There needs to be a breaking up and crushing of the heart in order to get the seed in where it can grow. The prophets and righteous men of the OT had longed to be living when the Messiah arrived.) Jesus Explains the Parable about the Farmer (Mark 4:13-20. this is the person who hears the word. They are more concerned about keeping their old friends who are on their way to Hell. They want Heaven. and to hear the things you hear but did not hear them.) 17I tell all of you with certainty. 21but since he doesn‟t have any root in himself. and produces a crop that yields 100. (See John 15:1-6 to discover what happens to those who don‘t bear fruit. and to hear the incomparable teaching which came from His lips. 20As for what was sown on the stony ground. but the worries of life and the deceitful pleasures of wealth choke the word so that it can‟t produce a crop. but can‘t take the heat when persecution comes. They try as quickly as possible to forget it. They have little interest in the truth. or 30 times what was sown.) 23But as for what was sown on good soil. The one sowing seed is any minister. understands it. This is what was sown along the path. because they were seeing what no one had seen before. Luke 8:11-15) 18“Listen. 22As for what was sown among the thorn bushes. They think only of their own selfish plans and desires. Bible teacher. but their hard hearts won‘t allow the message to change them. There are probably more unsaved church people than we can begin to imagine. then. but their desire had not been fulfilled. the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. especially if they were convicted by it.” (The disciples were tremendously privileged. this is the person who hears the word and accepts it joyfully at once. or anyone else telling one or more people the Great News God has for them. They attend mainly for social reasons. Those receiving the message along the hard pathway are those who hear the message. or to ease their conscience. 19When anyone hears the word about the kingdom yet doesn‟t understand it. this is the person who hears the word. If those with hard hearts have any concern at all for their future in Heaven or Hell.Matthew He was the source of life in the flesh. and more concerned about pleasing neighbors and family members than in pleasing the Lord. many prophets and righteous people longed to see the things you see but did not see them. Such hearts need to be plowed deeply by uncompromising preaching. to the parable about the farmer.

These are people who agree with the message. become church members. And they are constantly searching His word so they may obey and serve Him better. Anything that hinders or keeps them from being their best for the Lord is put out of their lives. Be one of those in Mark 4:20. in spite of the difficulties. trusting Him to make it a blessing instead of a hindrance. it‘s hard! Matthew 7:13-14. This is a good . They way is not easy. Innumerable preachers and teachers today are preaching an easy way to Heaven. They are living for God. They put obedience to God ahead of all else. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this verse is also translated ―continue to listen‖. as they serve the Lord in whatever occupation they are in. Those who receive the message among thorns are those who agree with the message. You cannot be only half converted and be converted. They would rather spend their time ―in a more profitable and enjoyable way‖. indicating continuous present action. and even serve the Lord. but then while it matures it turns black … it shows its true color. They really believe it. Some of this is due to faulty preaching and teaching. So and So preaches and teaches. denoting continuous present action. Jesus always let His hearers know that it would cost them everything to follow Him and gain eternal life. it is poisonous! Must separate it out. a weed resembling wheat while it is growing. his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away. The Greek word for ―hear‖ in this instance has been translated ―continue to listen‖. and for eternal treasures. and are cumbered with desire for wealth and for all in this life that will satisfy their carnal appetites. Don‘t let the cares of this world and the desire for things and experiences bog you down and bring upon you the judgment received by those in John 15:1-6. and live it. but on all the others!) The Parable about the Weeds among the Wheat 24He presented another parable to them: “The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. Join these dedicated ones with all your heart! Fearful warnings from Christ and His apostles hang over all others! Not on just some of the others. But it is the way Christ and His apostles taught! Check it out. These folks have a positive attitude about the message of the Lord. Christ demands our all. But their sights are on the eternal future! No wonder God is blessing. So the work they do for God is not from the heart and is not very effective. are baptized. or Dr. But they are slaves to their daily cares. which is the mood of certainty. instead of where they are going. 25While people were sleeping. nothing less. Read the Bible for yourself and let God show you what the truth is. or they turn it completely over to the Lord. But it‘s also in the indicative mood. and they are producing a great harvest. But every step of the difficult way will be abundantly worth it when we get where we are going. If it gets mixed up in t he wheat and you bake bread with it. (―Weeds‖: Actually darnel. They are thoroughly enjoying the present.Matthew it‘s going to cost them very much. because it‘s in the present active. The work they do for the Lord is done mainly to ease their conscience. because it‘s also in the present active. They don‘t produce a crop. You may object and say that that‘s not the way Rev.

But there will be a separation. „No! If you pull out the weeds. „Master.) 32Although it is the smallest of all seeds. Jesus was not referring to all the seeds in the world. but bring the wheat into my barn. “Gather the weeds first and tie them in bundles for burning. you sowed good seed in your field. it suffered abnormal growth. They resemble the real thing. didn‟t you? Then where did these weeds come from?‟ 28“He told them. Then the birds came and roosted in it. ―Brassica nigra‖. Jehovah's Witnesses. And it is a fact that the mustard seed was the smallest of all seeds which the 1st century Jewish farmer sowed in his field. So here the Lord forewarned the disciples that during His absence the kingdom would experience a phenomenal growth. It becomes a structure so large and spacious that birds come and lodge in the branches.) 26When the crop came up and bore grain. The kingdom became a nesting place for Satan and his agents. „An enemy did this!‟ “The servants asked him. Though the tiny . So there is no contradiction here between science and Scripture. Christian Science. But with the patronage and protection of the state. and the Unification Church … the latter is also known as moonies. when it is fully grown it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree. saying. Mustard seeds grow into bushes about 3 feet tall. It would be unhealthy growth. the weeds appeared. and the birds in the sky come and nest in its branches. What Jesus said was literally true in the context in which He said it. At first the kingdom was kept relatively small and pure as a result of persecution. (This is evidently the black mustard.) The Parables about a Mustard Seed and Yeast (Mark 4:30-32. 36 for explanation.Matthew illustration of cults. It is still common in Israel. “The kingdom from heaven is like a mustard seed that a man took and planted in his field. Today the umbrella of Christendom covers such Christ-denying systems as Unitarianism. but are not. They should not be deceived nor equate growth with success. Mormonism. A burning of the weeds and the wheat into His barn. 30Let both grow together until the harvest. the ministers of Satan! The seed represents the humble beginning of the kingdom. Birds are the birds that picked up the seed in the first parable. but only those that a Palestinian farmer sowed in his field. too. Have you ever seen a bird lodge in a small bush? This mustard seed apparently grows to become a monstrosity. Luke 13:18-21) 31He presented another parable to them. The seed is the size of a fleck of ground pepper. 27“The owner‟s servants came and asked him. you might pull out the wheat with them. „Do you want us to go and pull them out?‟ 29“He said. See v.” (Did Jesus make a mistake when referring to the mustard seed as the smallest of all seeds? Today we know that the mustard seed is not the smallest seed of all. and at harvest time I will tell the reapers. something larger than it is supposed to.”‟” (Why did the farmer order this delay in separation? In nature the roots of the grain and darnel are so intertwined that it is virtually impossible to pull up one without the other.

is contradicted by Scripture. See Rev 2:20. Yeast is always a type of evil in the Bible. Jesus warned against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees in Mat 16:6.) 33He told them another parable: “The kingdom from heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.) Jesus Explains the Parable about the Weeds . We believe that in this parable the meal represents the food of God's people as it is found in the Bible. this parable shows the inward corruption that would take place. Why Jesus Used Parables (Mark 4:33-34) 34Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables. I will declare what has been hidden since the creation of the world.Matthew seed would become an abnormal tree. Ex 12:15. Not found overtly in other Old Testament books. See 1 Cor 14:34. The yeast is evil doctrine. These parables contain truths that are hidden from the Old Testament otherwise they would not have been ―hidden from the creation of the world‖. ―creation of the world‖: 7 times in the NT ( Mt 13:35. Rev 13:8. and the context of Gal 5:9 shows that there it means false teaching. He did not tell them anything without using a parable. yeast means either evil doctrine or evil behavior. So in this parable the Lord warns against the permeating power of evil working in the kingdom of heaven. 17:8. When God commanded His people to rid their houses of yeast. If anyone ate what was leavened from the first till the seventh day of this Feast of Unleavened Bread. not on every occasion. Lk 11:50. 1 Tim 2:12). (Did Jesus always speak in parables or not? Jesus‘ statement may have only a reference to what He was doing at that time. In general. some have defiantly taken the place of doctrinal authorities and have adulterated the food of God's people with destructive heresies. Cf. “I will open my mouth to speak in parables. by history. and a prison for every unclean and hated beast. 12 and the yeast of Herod in Mark 8:15. however. These things that the Lord is talking about in Mt 13 are first time occasions.” (Cf. a prison for every unclean bird. and by current events. In 1 Cor 5:6-8 yeast is defined as vice and wickedness. The woman is a false prophetess who teaches and beguiles. 9:26. The parable of the mustard seed shows evil in the external character of the kingdom.‖ Rev 18:2. Jesus only spoke to the multitudes in parables from Chapter 12 on. he would be cut off from Israel. Heb 4:3. Is it not significant that women have been the founders of several false cults? Forbidden by the Bible to teach in the church.) 35This was to fulfill what was declared by the prophet when he said. It does not say that He always and on every occasion spoke to a crowd only in parables. they understood this.” (A common interpretation is that the meal is the world and the yeast is the gospel which will be preached throughout the world until everyone becomes saved. 25:34. Ps 78:2. its largeness would become ―a prison for every unclean spirit. This view.

who will enjoy the glorious reign of Christ on earth. The good seed are those who belong to the kingdom. as some mistakenly suppose. Mat 25:41. 40. while the weeds are those who belong to the evil one. from the true. To aspire to doing anything to gain Him is blasphemy. In his excitement he went and sold everything he had and bought that field. 1 Cor 5:9-13.) The Parable about a Hidden Treasure 44“The kingdom from heaven is like treasure hidden in a field that a man found and hid. “Explain to us the parable about the weeds in the field. The treasure is hidden in the field. the kingdom of heaven will include the real and the imitation. Ps 135 – we are described as His peculiar treasure. He sowed directly during His earthly ministry. and has been sowing through His servants in succeeding ages. 28:20. Then God's messengers will separate the false. ―The weeds‖: Satan has a counterfeit for every divine reality. His disciples came to him and asked. But they are not genuine followers of the King. To feel that you can add one thing to that which He has done 100% is arrogance. He died on the cross for all . and they will gather from his kingdom everything that causes others to sin and those who practice lawlessness 42and they will throw them into a blazing furnace. to some extent.) 40Just as weeds are gathered and burned with fire.” 37He answered. He sows the world with those who look like.” (Not saying to sell all and buy Jesus Christ. 24:3. the letters to Seven churches. Lk 16:19-31. Heb 9:26. See Ex 19:5. 39.) 39The enemy who sowed them is the devil.) 38while the field is the world. Jesus identified Himself as the sower. extreme pain. Rev 14:911. He didn‘t buy just one little parcel He bought the whole field. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. (The field is the world. Let the person who has ears listen!” (This parable does not justify. “The person who sowed good seed is the Son of Man. the harvest is the end of the age. to assume that you can add to that which God has called complete is blasphemy. so it will be at end of the age. It is important to emphasize that the field is the world. the toleration of ungodly people in a local Christian church. The parable simply teaches that in its mystery form. (―end of the age‖ found 6 times in the NT: v. 41The Son of Man will send his angels. and the reapers are the angels. Remember that the field is the world. ―Who has ears …. 47. walk like disciples.Matthew 36Then Jesus left the crowds and went into the house.‖ from Rev 2 & 3. not the church. and. Cf. the genuine and the counterfeit. (In His interpretation of the wheat and tares parable. Man‘s age. not the church. 20:10-15) 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in their Father‟s kingdom. (i. or the world. Local churches are explicitly commanded to put out of their fellowship all who are guilty of certain forms of wickedness. as Jesus is free gift.e. The One that gave up all that He had for the sake of the treasure is Jesus Christ! He wanted the treasure. and that this condition will continue until the end of the age. who will be taken away in judgment. talk like.

the kingdom from heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls. “Yes. This means that pearls were not prized by the Jewish community.” (Because they understood.e.) 52Then he told them. Then they sat down. Disciples are to be channels. pearls are distinctly a Gentile ornament. In that place there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.” (This may surprise us. Remember in the Torah the laws that were laid down. The angels will go out. one can only eat seafood with scales. not pearls. they were obligated to share with others. he went and sold everything he had and bought it. He purchased what? You and I! Who is the treasure hid in the field? You and I!) The Parable about a Valuable Pearl 45“Again. pearls are the only one that is made by a living organism as a response to irritation that has been introduced. 46When he found a very valuable pearl. In ministering to others they were now to use truths from both the Old Testament and from the new truth He was giving them.) The Parable about a Net 47“Again. the kingdom from heaven is like a large net thrown into the sea that gathered all kinds of fish.” (Sounds like the parable of the hidden treasure. not a Jewish ornament. They remain together until the Day of Judgment when the separation of the good and the bad takes place.” (i. The ―fish‖ that are caught are those who respond to the gospel – the evangelistic ―catch‖. While they might trade in them because they would sell them to the Gentiles. by bringing out the truth from . 48When it was full. the fishermen hauled it ashore. When you have come to understand the truth. Perhaps we cannot answer ―yes‖ so confidently. not terminals of blessings. you are then able to teach others.) 49That is how it will be at the end of the age. The world is not caught in the dragnet of the kingdom of heaven.Matthew sinners. See Mal 3:17. and threw the bad ones away. Deut 8 forbids oysters. extreme pain) New and Old Treasures 51“Do you understand all these things?” They told him. “That is why every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom from heaven is like the master of a household who brings both new and old things out of his treasure chest. What a fascinating model of the Church! A Gentile organ grows as the response to an irritation. Oysters are not kosher. cull out the evil people from among the righteous ones. The Church always grew under persecution. or even make us slightly jealous of them. What did it cost Him? His Blood. 50and will throw them into a blazing furnace. Who did the buying? He did. (Notice the good fish and the bad fish were in the net together. It is removed from its place of growth to become an item of adornment. sorted the good fish into containers. they remain in the world. So why a pearl of great value used by Jesus in this parable? Because of all jewels. yet says jewels.

But He would have been blessing people where there was no desire for blessing. This is not Herod the Great found in Mt 2. man's wickedness cannot restrain God's power.) Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth (Mark 6:1-6. from old and new experiences in life. etc. James and Jude. His own district and His own relatives allowed their familiarity to breed contempt. It was not because He could not do the works. aren‟t they? (Note his brothers! Mary did not remain a virgin after Jesus! We know that after His resurrection. isn‟t it? His mother is named Mary. healing people who would have resented being told they were sick.) 58He did not perform many miracles there because of their unbelief. 54He went to his hometown and began teaching the people in their synagogue in such a way that they were amazed and asked. “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miracles? (―hometown‖: Nazareth. hearing about the fame of Jesus. He teaches in the synagogue and they are impressed. He was in power because of his politics with Rome. and Judas.Matthew both the Old and New Testaments. But Jesus told them.” (They were offended at Him. He healed only a few sick folk there. “A prophet is without honor only in his hometown and in his own home.) 55This is the builder‟s son. When he died he was succeeded by Herod Archelaus. both spiritual and physical. the . (Unbelief largely hindered the Savior's work in Nazareth. Masada. Remember His last visit where they wanted to stone Him. Luke 9:7-9) 1At that time Herod the tetrarch. Cf. not Jewish. This prompted Jesus to point out that a genuine prophet is generally more appreciated away from home. He undertook extensive building campaigns. aren‟t they? So where did this man get all these things?” 57And they were offended by him. he left that place. isn‟t she? His brothers are James.” (There are at least three generations of Herods in the New Testament. from old truths to be rediscovered and from new truths yet to be discovered in God‘s message. Mar 6:5. filling needs where there was no consciousness of need. “This is John the Baptist! He has been raised from the dead. He was Idumean. Luke 4:16-30) 53When Jesus had finished these parables. and that‟s why these miracles are being done by him. 2told his servants. and from each generation there is at least two mentioned. at least two of his brothers become believers. Joseph.) Matthew 14 The Death of John the Baptist (Mark 6:14-29. Herod‘s family tree is unusual in that you have daughters that marry great uncles.) 56And his sisters are all with us. Simon.

against John's execution.” (As a prophet of God. Herodias would not have had reason to be so upset with John. Herod was upset because he did not want to do this for political reasons.. He has a son that is also named Agrippa. he pointed his finger at Herod and denounced him for his immorality. the daughter of Herodias danced before the guests. bound him with chains. Note also in Mark 6:18 John‘s warning to Herod was a repeated. Some say the sin was that of incest. perhaps violently. but stay with her and don‘t commit adultery again with another woman‖. Actually. He should have been more discreet and sensitive. he is the one that starts the Christian persecutions in Jerusalem … Acts 12. And that is what John the Baptist kept preaching against. John was rebuking a sinner. the head of John the Baptist. but he had committed himself. The fourth was another Philip. Apparently it was the style of the King at such occasions to grant a broad wish if he is pleased. The Tetrarch of Galilee and Paria.. Salome requested. by the prompting of her mother. who was east of the Jordan. for the head of John the Baptist on a silver platter. John could not let this pass without rebuke. Herodius had planned for this occasion. Instead. Herod tried to silence him by throwing him in prison. danced before the King. Salome was married to her great uncle Phillip mentioned in Luke 3.” (Herodius had more ambitious plans. (The king was angry enough to kill him but it was not politically expedient. ―The ungodly like religion in the same way that they like lions.Matthew Tetrarch of Judea. right here on a platter. she said. (Herod Antipas was married to the daughter of King Aretas of Arabia. mentioned in Luke 3:1. and would have reacted.) 5Although Herod wanted to kill him. either dead or behind bars. He did not say: ―It is not lawful for you to have taken her‖ but rather ―It is not lawful for you to have her‖. she wanted his head.‖ This is why Herodias nursed a grudge against John. the one we are discussing in this passage. John died in vain. they fear religion when it breaks loose and begins to challenge their consciences. and Idumea. literally! Her daughter. calling only for Herod to say he was sorry and giving permission to continue on with Herodias. “It is not lawful for you to have her. Samaria. Salome. She pleased Herod 7so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked for.‖) 6But when Herod‟s birthday celebration was held. ―Just recognize you sinned. Jesus commended John as being the greatest man born of women. he was afraid of the crowd. Then Philip of Trachonitis. Herod Antipas is succeeded by Herod Agrippa. but also for the sinner. Then Herod Antipas. continuous action: ―For John had been telling. Herod had committed two sins: adultery and incest. which shows that immorality is sin. 8Prompted by her mother. So the tyrant satisfied his rage momentarily by having the Baptizer imprisoned.) 9Under pressure because of his promises and his .) 4John had been telling him. not only for the saint. If adultery were merely an act. If he had said. The people acclaimed John as a prophet. But being married to this Arabian daughter of an Arab King was sort of academic because he lived in open adultery with his brother Phillip‘s wife. his brother Philip‟s wife. The only way to repent of both was to release the woman. since they regarded John as a prophet. Indignantly and fearlessly.) 3Herod had arrested John. “Give me. and put him in prison on account of Herodias. Herodius.

So many people. He knew that nothing could happen to Him before His time had come. (Far from being irritated by this intrusion.” (A loaf of bread was generally seven inches in diameter and half an inch to once inch thick. on the Sea of Galilee.) 14When he got out of the boat. (Getting such .” (When evening came. after 3:00 p.) 10So he sent word and had John beheaded in prison. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. He had compassion for them and healed their sick.) 17They told him. and it‟s already late. “We don‟t have anything here except five loaves of bread and two fish. The crowds heard of it and followed him on foot from the neighboring towns. His disciples felt that a crisis was brewing. Nor could they have left us a better example. it‘s just a many mile journey.) Jesus Feeds More than Five Thousand People (Mark 6:30-44. The boy‘s lunch was the best they could bring.” 19Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. oppression. Jesus by boat. Send the crowds away so that they can go into the villages and buy food for themselves. (Jesus avoids the region of Herod the Tetrarch and stays in the region of Phillip. they carried off the body and buried it. You give them something to eat.‖ All this verse proves is that Herod was evil. Taking the five loaves and the two fish. John notes that these loaves were in some small basket that a child had. Cf John 6:59. “Bring them to me. This is ―guilt by association. and Jesus did a miracle when they brought the best they had. the disciples went to him and said. ―Towns‖: Many towns around the Sea of Galilee. In times of persecution. 12When John‟s disciples came. and will for the time being be battered mercilessly by the age whose moral tone he challenges. There is but one end for such a man – ‗off with his head!‘ You had better not try to preach repentance until you have pledged your head to heaven. he saw a large crowd. he looked up to heaven and blessed them. and nothing for them to eat!) 16But Jesus told them. (They could not have gone to anyone better to pour out their grief and indignation.) 15When evening had come. the king ordered that it be done. Then they went and told Jesus. We can be sure He did not go because of fear. “This is a deserted place. our compassionate Lord set to work immediately. we too should go and tell it to Jesus.Matthew assembled guests. The Jehovah‘s Witnesses take this to mean that birthdays are evil and should not be celebrated by God‘s people.m. “They don‟t need to go away. (The man whose little sermon is ‗repent‘ sets himself against his age. and sorrow. (Does this passage prove that birthdays are evil? In this passage Herod on his birthday put John the Baptist to death. that is.) 11His head was brought on a platter and given to the girl.” (He caught the disciples off guard by saying this. suffering. Can go by foot around the Sea. he left that place and went by boat to a deserted place by himself.. Luke 9:10-17. not that birthdays are evil. and she took it to her mother. Then he broke the loaves in pieces and gave them to his disciples. Until the right time. John 6:1-14) 13When Jesus heard this.) 18He said.

“Lord. 27“Have courage!” Jesus immediately told them.m. One. When the night seems darkest.. He multiplies it to feed thousands. When evening came.) Jesus Walks on the Sea (Mark 6:45-52. twelve baskets full. Jn 6:1-14. perplexed. “It‟s a ghost!” And they screamed in terror. they were terrified and cried out. because the wind was against them. etc. they had far more food left over than when they started! Why did the Lord do this? Practical dimension.” (Peter sensed that Jesus' commands are His enablements. he was there alone. that He gives strength for whatever He orders. In Jewish reckoning there were two ―evenings‖. John 6:16-21) 22Jesus immediately had the disciples get into a boat and cross to the other side ahead of him. We often mistake Him even then and push the panic button.000 men. in despair. (―by himself to pray‖: Hos 5:15. began in midafternoon. Cf Lk 9:10-17.) 21Now those who had eaten were about 5. a lot of people came a long way to hear Him. so He made sure that their needs were met. Why 12 baskets left over? Maybe to teach the twelve disciples a lesson. When disciples are willing to give Him their little all. 25Shortly before dawn. “It‟s me. Then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces. Out in the wilderness. .Matthew a large multitude to sit down was also not a small task!) 20All of them ate and were filled. The hungry multitude is always present. One can infer that these experienced fishermen were reluctant to go to sea because they could see a storm coming. at sunset. (Did Jesus know that there was a storm coming? Jesus made the disciples go on the boat. There is always a little band of disciples with seemingly pitiful resources. Why is this one included? The miracle is a spiritual lesson for disciples of every generation. (After feeding that immense crowd. while he sent the crowds away. Two witnesses are seen in Joshua. besides women and children. order me to come to you on the water. he went up on a hillside by himself to pray. if it‟s you. But all the time He is praying for us. one for each to take home. The Savior seems far away.. referred to here. plus women and children. referred to in v. There are very few events that are in all four. Why five loaves and 2 two fishes? Five is number of grace. and the other. walking on the sea. Jesus came to them. in Revelation.) 24By this time the boat was in the middle of the sea and was being battered by the waves. He is near at hand. Stop being afraid!” (How true to our own experience! We are often storm-tossed. (Five thousand men. Notice that wherever we see the number five used in scripture it is in a place suggestive of the Grace of God.) 23After dismissing the crowds. Then we hear His comforting voice and remember that the waves that caused us to fear are under His feet. (―Shortly before dawn‖: between 3:00 and 6:00 a.) 26When the disciples saw him walking on the sea. This is the only precrucifixion miracle that is in all four Gospels. 15. And always there is the compassionate Savior.) 28Peter answered him. Mk 6:30-44. Two is the number of witness.

“Come on!” So Peter got down out of the boat. ―tassel of his garment‖: echo back to the woman with the issue of blood?) Matthew 15 Jesus Challenges the Tradition of the Elders (Mark 7:1-23) 1Then some Pharisees and scribes came from Jerusalem to Jesus and asked. In some respects Judaism was . We get the impression that while Peter looked at the Lord he was doing fine.Matthew Peter had the concept. He knew that his desire wasn‘t an impertinent presumption. I don‘t have faith until I actually step off. 36They kept begging him to let them touch just the tassel of his garment. Peter knew Jesus intimately—he knew the mind of the Master. As he began to sink. “Lord. and asked him. Looking down caused him to doubt and the doubt caused him to lose power. We get the impression that Peter looked around at his circumstances. 2“Why do your disciples disregard the tradition of the elders? They don‟t wash their hands when they eat. caught him. but just a longing to follow the Lord into the realm of the supernatural. Always remember Rom 8:28!) 32As they got into the boat. trusting. For a while. Notice their belief. so why mention that these were from Jerusalem? We will be seeing a confrontation between the traditions of Judaism and the commandments of God. 30But when he noticed the strong wind. and Jesus put His blessing on Peter‘s idea. “You certainly are the Son of God!” (One gets the impression that there was more than the 12 disciples in the boat. 33Then the men in the boat began to worship Jesus. Cf John 12:26).” (The Pharisee headquarters was in Jerusalem. then he starts to sink.) 31At once Jesus reached out his hand. he shouted. “You who have so little faith. 29Jesus said. the wind stopped blowing. This was Gentile country. there were no sick people. and came to Jesus. they sent word throughout that region and brought him everyone who was sick.) Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret (Mark 6:53-56) 34They crossed over and came ashore at Gennesaret. at least. why did you doubt?” (Why did he sink? Because of his doubt. saying. he was frightened. and everyone who touched it was completely healed. The district experienced health and healing through a visit by the Great Physician. started walking on the water. (And so the doctors in that area had a holiday. Faith has to do with believing coupled with relying upon. I can believe that the Lord will sustain me. Believing something and having faith are two different things. 35When the men of that place recognized Jesus. save me!” (Lesson for you and I.

The elders had added tradition to the cleansing rituals. They held the Torah higher. Their worship was worthless because they were giving higher priority to the traditions of men than to the Word of God. the Pharisees criticized the disciples for failing to observe the intricacies of the washings prescribed by Jewish tradition. you were to provide for them. But if you had a big steak you could declare it corban as being exempt from having to take care of your parents with it. washing not just the hands. then. (There was a set of traditions. In Judaism. he should put his hands through an elaborate cleansing process. yet here we are talking about your everyday orthodox Jew.) 4Because God said. ―Don‘t wash their hands‖: Bible does have laws for the priests. If it was corban it was excluded from your requirement to take care of your parents. Deut 5:16 and Exod 21:17. They insisted. that before a Jew ate. The oral traditions which were embodied in writings called the Talmud and. 9Their worship of me is empty. “Whatever support you might have received from me has been given to God. Failure to do so is known by God. because they teach human rules as doctrines. in another sense. which they put above the written tradition. but also the arms up to the elbows. Lev 20:9) 5But you say. but would only look at it through the interpretation of the Talmud or the Mishna. and will surely bring down His wrath in judgment upon us sooner or later. For example: Ex 34:26. ―Human rules as doctrines‖: Everyone of the great heresies started with a germ of truth that got .Matthew the embodiment of the commandments of God. So Jesus is saying that these traditions are not only wrong. the Mishna. or in reserve for the performance of a vow.‟” (Cf. But it is just as important that we show real loving care for our parents in many other ways as well.‟ (Cf. One being that you could set aside some of your goods for either of two purposes: as a dedication to the Temple. Exod 20:12. „Whoever tells his father or his mother. So they used this tradition of reserving it as a gift to God as an excuse to get around the commandment to care for their father and their mother. and it was the respect and reverence that Judaism had for the Torah that preserved them for God‘s purpose. If he had been in the marketplace. of which there is nothing about washing your hands in this sense in the Old Testament. Yet.) 6does not have to honor his father. Thus. Which meant specifically that those goods were set aside for the Temple for the Lord. but they have been contrived as to make the commandment of God of no effect!) 7You hypocrites! How well did Isaiah prophesy of you when he said. superseded the Torah. or vow.) 3But he answered them. „You are to honor your father and your mother. 8„These people honor me with their lips. you could claim them as corban—it is a gift. or for the keeping of some vow. From this idea came a practice. “Why do you also disregard the commandment of God because of your tradition? (Jesus escalates the whole discussion up a bit.‟ Because of your tradition.” (This all applies to money. say grandpa and grandma were hungry. you have disregarded the authority of God‟s word. there are oral traditions. for instance. „Whoever curses father or mother must certainly be put to death. he was supposed to take a ceremonial bath.‟ and. Isa 29:13. and the kosher laws. If your goods were in that category. Judaism was also ensnared with traditions of men. but their hearts are far from me.

no material thing is evil in itself..Matthew exaggerated. adultery. “Are you still so ignorant? 17Don‟t you know that everything that goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and then is expelled as waste? (The Lord first expressed wonder that they were so slow to understand. Nothing is more deceitful than the heart. (Stealing is also denying someone else the rightful use of his or her own property.” (The Pharisees and scribes were extremely careful concerning the . he addressed them. as well as murder. But the hypocrisy of the scribes and Pharisees—that was truly defiling. They were not allowed to eat a fish unless it had scales and fins. they were blind to spiritual realities as were the people they were leading. If food doesn't defile. overemphasized. but the corrupt source of human motives and desires. ―Heart‖: Jer 17:9-10. “Listen and understand! 11It is not what goes into the mouth that makes a person unclean. then what does? Jesus answered… ) 18But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart.) 20These are the things that make a person unclean. In fact. (For a plant to be bad. “Every plant that my heavenly Father did not plant will be pulled up by the roots. then by depraved words. 6 and 7 on the Sermon of the Mount.) 12Then the disciples came and asked him. both will fall into a ditch. stealing. Incurably wicked.) 16Jesus said. It is what comes out of the mouth that makes a person unclean. The Law of Moses dealt with the overt act with was enforceable by the society. Isa 9:13-17. Anything that is in your life that God didn‘t plant is temporal and will be rooted out. The Jews were forbidden to eat the meat of any animal which did not chew the cud and have cloven hooves. 2 Tim 4:3-4) 15Then Peter told him.” (Under the Levitical code. None of us can lay claim to not having any one of these occur in our heart. Jesus Christ in Matthew 5. This is not a parable this is a straightforward instruction. Cf Mat 12:33-37) 19It is out of the heart that evil thoughts come. it is the abuse of a thing that is wrong. (Here the heart is not the organ that pumps blood. and it is those things that make a person unclean. This part of man's moral nature manifests itself by impure thoughts. false testimony. “Do you realize that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this statement?” 13He replied. If you even think these things. He gives us a new one. Edible foods are not intrinsically clean or unclean. If one blind person leads another blind person. But eating with unwashed hands doesn‟t make a person unclean. sexual immorality. “Explain to us this parable. not physical. what went into the mouth did defile a man.) 14Leave them alone. God never cures an old heart.” (Though professing to be authorities in spiritual matters. then explained that true defilement is moral. then by evil acts.) 10Then calling out to the crowd. They are blind guides of the blind. Jer 5:30-31. Now the Law-giver paved the way for the abrogation of the whole system of ceremonial defilement. translates those intents to the heart. and slander.” (Parables are riddles. He said that the food which His disciples ate with unwashed hands did not defile them.. Minute instructions were given by God as to foods that were clean or unclean. over embellished and eventually became a heresy. all it has to be is a plant that God did not plant! Meaning things in your life. Luk 6:39. Scriptural protection from this sort of trap is to absorb the whole counsel of God.

Lord. being Canaanite. yet plot to kill the Son of God and be guilty of the whole catalog of sin listed in verse 19. Two prophecies that point to the fact that the Canaanite will be driven out of the land. she would come as a creature to her Creator. “Yes. (Jesus said she had great faith because she refused to be denied.” (His primary mission was to Israel.) 26He replied. Won't You let me have some crumbs? I am not worthy that You should heal my daughter. saying. But I notice that crumbs sometimes fall from the table to the floor. “Lord.‖) 28Then Jesus answered her. They could criticize the disciples' failure to keep uninspired traditions. The Canaanites were not supposed to be spared by Joshua. Jesus Heals Many People . (As far as we know. “It‟s not right to take the children‟s bread and throw it to the puppies. but I beseech You to do it for one of Your undeserving creatures. this was the only time during His public ministry that He was outside Jewish territory. “Have mercy on me. 18:1-8. in effect. He does not respond because she has no basis.‖ If she couldn't come to Him as a Jew to her Messiah.) 22Suddenly.) A Canaanite Woman’s Faith (Mark 7:24-30) 21Then Jesus left that place and went to the region of Tyre and Sidon. ―Son of David‖ is a title of the Messiah. your faith is great! What you want is granted. punctilious observance of hand-washing ceremonies. Luke 11:5-13. They majored in minors and overlooked the matters of real importance. Lord. Zech 14:21. ―You are right! I am only one of the little puppies under the table.Matthew ostentatious.) 25Then she came and fell down before him. But their inner lives were polluted. “Send her away. But even the puppies eat the crumbs that fall from their masters‟ tables. she is not Jewish.) 27She said.” That very hour her daughter was healed. she is a Gentile. because she keeps on screaming as she follows us. and she is of a specifically cursed group. a Canaanite woman from that territory came near and began to shout. “Lady.) 24But he replied.) 23But he didn‟t answer her at all. bestowing spiritual healing on Gentiles during this age when His ancient people are set aside nationally). the Canaanites. The fact that our Lord healed this Gentile daughter at a distance suggests His present ministry at God's right hand. 17:6. Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed!” (Area of Lebanon.” (The Jews considered themselves children of God. help me!” (―Lord‖: Different than her first calling of Him as ―Son of David. And they were accustomed to referring to all other people as dogs.” (She said. Then his disciples came up and kept urging him. Cf Joel 3:17. This is certainly implied from Jesus‘ next words.” (The Lord chose to ignore her! ―Send her away‖… with her cure. “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the nation of Israel.

Then he went up on a hillside and sat down.) Jesus Feeds More than Four Thousand People (Mark 8:1-10) 32Then Jesus called his disciples and said. 34Jesus asked them. 12 baskets. (This time more loaves … 7 vs. at least twice and up to five times bigger. and the fishes aren‘t numbered. the 12 tribes. the blind. 30Large crowds came to him. confusing this incident with the feeding of the 5. the crippled.Matthew 29Jesus left there and went along the Sea of Galilee. correctly deduced that the God of Israel was working in their midst. The word basket here in the Greek is a large hamper. bringing with them the lame. So the seven baskets here may have been a lot more than was left over last time. The fact is that the two incidents are quite distinct. This might be a hint of the Church. and the disciples gave them to the crowds. “Where in the wilderness are we to get enough bread to feed such a crowd?” (Again His disciples became frustrated at the impossible task of feeding such a mob). the lame walking. those unable to talk. (The presumption is strong that this was a Gentile neighborhood. the small boy that had the basket … the basket was actually a small hand bucket. the crowd was amazed to see those who were unable to talk speaking. In this case. the number 3 suggests the resurrection or new beginning. and the blind seeing. They placed them at his feet. So they praised the God of Israel. Then he broke them in pieces and kept giving them to his disciples. besides . or they may faint on the road. contradiction. (He expects His disciples to do what they can. and the two fishes—the number of witness. Twelve is the number of government of Israel. then the disciples picked up what was left of the broken pieces—seven baskets full. associating Jesus and His disciples with Israel. 31As a result.) 37All of them ate until they were filled. “I have compassion for the crowd because they have already been with me for three days and have nothing to eat. “Seven. have accused the Bible of duplication. and a few small fish. they had left over 12 baskets full. and miscalculation. and he healed them. The Holy Spirit is drawing our attention to the number seven. they had been with them for 3 days.” (Careless or critical readers. 36he took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks. “How many loaves of bread do you have?” They said. 5000 men+ women and children … and less left over … 7 vs. In the first case. the crippled healed. the seven baskets full!) 38Now those who had eaten were four thousand men.) 35Ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground. and many others. then He steps in and does what they can't. They were specifically aimed at Israel. The people. and supplement rather than contradict each other. five the number of grace.000.” (Note that there are seven loaves. The first feeding had emphasized. 5… less people … 4000 vs.) 33The disciples asked him. I don‟t want to send them away without food.

why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you don‟t have any bread? (… and concluding among yourselves that I‘m concerned about the same thing? Jesus realizes that they are misunderstanding the whole thing. Matthew 16 Interpreting the Time (Mark 8:11-13. the more He fed. what a delight! 3Red sky in the morning. (Second time that Jesus has used the prophet Jonah as a ―sign of the times‖. they kept saying. “You say.000 and how many baskets you collected? (They were still worrying about a food shortage in spite of the fact that He who fed the 5. the modernists. and the . “You who have little faith.000 was with them. So He reviewed the two miraculous feedings with them. Jesus asked them. The lesson that emerged concerned divine arithmetic and divine resourcefulness. The freethinkers of their day. for the less Jesus had to work with. the resurrection of the body. yet you can‟t interpret the signs of the times? (―signs of the times‖: The signs of the end. Luke 12:54-56) 1When the Pharisees and Sadducees arrived. to know what time it is on God‘s clock. and eternal punishment. they had forgotten to take any bread along. they did not believe in the supernatural and denied the existence of angels and spirits. (The Pharisees with the Sadducees— strange combination because the Pharisees were the extreme religionists. he got into a boat and went to the region of Magadan.) 9Don‟t you understand yet? Don‟t you remember the five loaves for the 5.Matthew women and children.) 4An evil and adulterous generation craves a sign.) 2He replied to them. See Mat 12:38-41.” (They thought He was saying. in order to test Jesus they asked him to show them a sign from heaven.) 8Knowing this. natural explanation where a spiritual lesson was intended. 10or the seven loaves for the 4. but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah. ) The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees (Mark 8:14-21) 5When his disciples reached the other side. „Red sky at night. the immortality of the soul.000 and how many baskets you collected.000 and the 4. “Watch out! Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 7As they began to discuss this among themselves. the Sadducees were the unitarians.‟ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky. 6Jesus told them. 39After he sent the crowds away. cloudy and storming.” Then he left them and went away. “We didn‟t bring along any bread. ―Don't go to those Jewish leaders for food supplies!‖ Their preoccupation with food caused them to look for a literal.

) 15He asked them. The city was a symbol of the might and splendour of the Roman Empire. The true Church is again pitted against demonical-energized forces in the world as the age draws to a close. they all give the essence of what was said. rather. Moses prophesied to return. Here a huge cave. they reported them.) Peter Declares His Faith in Jesus (Mark 8:27-30. but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. V18. Dionysus.000 plus and had twelve baskets of food left.‖ Sometimes. all three reports note that Peter confessed that Jesus is ―the Christ of God. others Elijah. In this setting.000.) 14They said. located at the foot of Mt.‖ A different word is used for baskets here than in the feeding of the 5. What is important to notice is that the Gospel writers never created these sayings. Christ prophesied that the Church would attack the ―Gates of Hades‖. “You are the Messiah. Up the valley from here stood a vast triad of GraecoRoman temples dedicated to Jupiter. the anointed one. When there were only five loaves and two fish. Why does Peter‘s confession here differ from that recorded in Mark and Luke? Cf Mark 8:29. whenever there are multiple reports. Luke 9:20. Beside it was a gleaming white temple dedicated to Augustus Caesar.6. all the reports can be put . “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” (Caesarea Philippi. their reports were in accordance with journalistic standards of the day and even today for that matter. and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” (Elijah was prophesied in Mal 4:5. Hermon. regarded by the Greeks as the ―Gate of Hades‖. But the underlying lesson remains: Why worry about hunger and want when we are linked with One who has infinite power and resources?) 11How can you fail to understand that I wasn‟t talking to you about bread? Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!” 12Then they understood that he did not say to beware of the yeast used in bread. Also. Jeremiah: Jer 11:19. within a century the Christian Great News had essentially turned ―the world upside down‖ or should we rather say ―rightside up‖ thruout the heathen world in spite of fierce imperial persecutions. and Venus. ―Little is much if God is in it. “Some say John the Baptist. Indeed. he asked his disciples. Further. thought he might fulfill Isa 53:7. He fed 5. The setting could hardly be more dramatic.Matthew more food there was left over. “But who do you say I am?” 16Simon Peter answered. the Son of the living God!” (―Christ‖ is Greek for Messiah in Hebrew. opened up in the rock facing of the mountain from which flowed one of the sources of the Jordan River.000 plus and had left over only seven basketfuls. If we put our limited resources at His disposal. He fed only 4. He can multiply them in inverse proportion to their amount. With more loaves and fish. Deut 18:18. Luke 9:18-21) 13When Jesus had come to the region of Caesarea Philippi. (Why is this here? Partly to alert you as to what yeast really means back in Matthew 13. The seven baskets in this incident are considered to have been larger than the twelve on the previous occasion. For example.

Simon son of Jonah. Whenever the Church acts in the name of the Lord and really does His will.) 18I tell you that you are Peter. 12:7. it is not upon Peter that the Church is built. Peter may have said exactly what Matthew reported. Mat 24:9. 25. Pun between Peter the stone and Petra the rock. Mormon. Petros: Part of a rock. and I care not a straw whether they be clergymen or laymen. Christ will allow the Antichrist to finally overpower them. Remember. Meaning the gates of Hell do not have power to stand against the powerful offensive march of Christ‘s triumphant Church. “How blessed you are. Who is the Rock? 1 Cor 3:11. ―Upon God Himself —Christ. But just when Antichrist thinks everything is going his way. Rev 13:7. the gates of Hades. John Wesley said: ―Give me one hundred preachers who fear nothing but sin and desire nothing but God. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. (―Peter‖: Gr. 1 Pet 2:4-7. Paul in Gal 2:11-16 has to dress him down. ―On this rock‖: Gr. such alone will shake the gates of hell and set up the kingdom of God upon earth. and the powers of hell will not conquer it. since flesh and blood has not revealed this to you. 11:32-35. a stone. Don‘t see it as your job to convince a Muslim. and it is on this rock that I will build my congregation. that which is hewn out of a rock. (Why to keep a secret? His time had not yet come. the stamp of God is upon their deeds. So here at Caesarea Philippi. Christ will return and powerfully defeat the forces of Hell. If we trace the figurative use of the word rock through Hebrew Scriptures.‖ Peter was not infallible. they will never succeed in overpowering it in its powerful forward march.” (Were these given only to Peter? No. Eph 2:20.) 20Then he strictly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah. ―No matter how brilliantly the forces of Hell conspire and plot. given to all disciples in Mat 18:18. a reference to the realm of the dead.‖ A good modern paraphrase of Christ‘s words here could be.‖ But when the work of the Church is finished. For example. (Son of Jonah or Son of the Dove. Daniel 7:20-22. always the symbol of Deity—and said. and set up His eternal Kingdom.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 8:31-9:1.) 19I will give you the keys to the kingdom from heaven. the Son of the living God—I will build my church.Matthew together as a whole. or other unbeliever that Jesus is God. Our part is to share the simple message of the gospel. ―Powers of hell‖: Lit. Luke 9:21-27) . we find that it is never used symbolically of man. He took up their old Hebrew illustration — rock.) 17Then Jesus told him. He was talking to Jews. 1 Cor 10:4. and the others may have reported the important parts of Peter‘s confession. Idea of Peter being the first pope is not Biblical. 8:24. Dove is a symbol of the Holy Spirit. though my Father in heaven has. Whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven. Petra: the rock out of which a stone is hewn. giving what may have been the word-for-word original statement of Peter. Jesus did not trifle with figures of speech. That‘s the Father‘s job. but always of God. and powerfully attack to bring about its downfall.

See Isaiah 50:7.) 23But Jesus turned and told Peter. If you are going to do something in the area of evangelism.Matthew 21From that time on. and His forgiveness. self. obey. He simply meant that Peter's actions and words were what could be expected of Satan. lost and suddenly find yourself suffering extreme pain and anguish in Hell. (Jesus warned that those who hug their lives for selfish purposes. how much will you then be desperately willing to give of yourself to God. serve.) 25Whoever wants to save his life will lose it. the high priests. So the Lord broke the news to prepared hearts. suffering. Jesus did not imply that the apostle was demon-possessed or Satancontrolled. enjoying . and the scribes. pain. and take a firm stand for God. Give yourself to Him now! You cannot be sure you‘ll be here tom orrow. “Get behind me. not counting the cost. but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. (―Wants to follow me‖: That is. it means to yield to His control so completely that self has no rights whatever. Today is your day to decide for God and be saved! Then in Heaven you will live for all eternity as one of God‘s glorified children. Satan! You are an offense to me.) 22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. they were ready to hear His first direct prediction of His death and resurrection. when all is yours for all eternity if you will turn from your rebellion and sin. triumph was assured. ―deny himself‖: is not the same as selfdenial. would never find fulfillment. “If anyone wants to follow me. They now knew that His cause could never fail. and the world. in order to get free and escape to Heaven? But then it will be too late! In Hell there will be no possible way out. The enemy will try to discourage you. that they were on the winning side. to die to sin. but on the third day he would be raised. to be a Christian. those who recklessly abandon their lives to Him. even if you‘d be willing to serve God as a slave for all eternity. and instead. Jesus began to show his disciples that he would have to go to Jerusalem and suffer a great deal because of the elders. for so brief a time – that could end tonight. and follow me continuously. saying. (Now that the disciples had realized that Jesus is the Messiah. sincerely worship. and turn to God and accept His rightful lordship of your life.) 24Then Jesus told his disciples. be sure you set your face like a ―flint‖ to do so. ―pick up his cross‖: means the willingness to endure shame. A flint is a very hard stone that produces sparks when struck. and where you least expect it.) 26because what profit will a person have if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what can a person give in exchange for his life? (And you‘re willing to settle for so little of it. pick up his cross. But you do have the present moment. to save oneself from discomfort. and perhaps martyrdom for His sake. that no matter what happened. loneliness. because you are not thinking God‟s thoughts but human thoughts!” (In calling Peter Satan. Then he would be killed. Lord! This must never happen to you!” (Peter was indignant at the thought of his Master's enduring such treatment. the Son of the living God. or loss. That‘s what Peter found when he tried to deter Jesus from doing God‘s will. whose name means adversary. he must deny himself. Look at it this way: If you die tonight. “God be merciful to you. would find the reason for their existence. and utterly die to all your sinning by refusing any longer to satisfy the appetites of your body and mind in a wrong way.

Another distinction between them that is provocative—Moses died! In Moses we can typify the dead in Christ that are saved. decide what will really be important then. James 5:17. James and John: The inner circle.) 2His appearance was changed in front of them. James.) 3Suddenly. Jesus took Peter. Moses and Elijah appeared to them. No plea of church membership or of service rendered can take the place of obedience to any of Christ‘s commands. (Jesus is saying here that He is the Judge who will come. Cf Ps 19:5. ―In his kingdom‖: The answer is before us. See 1 Cor 2:9 and Psalm 16:11. (His appearance was changed. remember. you will not be on your own. talking with Jesus. Elijah called down fire from heaven. (Why Moses and Elijah? Luke 9:27. And He will judge us according to how we have obeyed His warnings and commands in verses 24-26. He will reward those who have taken these words to heart and obeyed them. He will give them glory. and total fulfilment of such magnitude that it cannot even be imagined by the present human mind. Luke 9:28-36) 1Six days later. honor and eternal happiness in Heaven. It didn‘t. and his clothes became as white as light. (Peter. Mt 17! Peter. 2 Pet 1:10. Some teach that this means that the Kingdom of God would come during the disciples‘ lifetime. The only way to have a successful life is to project oneself forward to that glorious time. shut the rain off for 3 ½ years! Mentioned by our Lord and his brother James. and his brother John and led them up a high mountain by themselves. Cf Luke 4:25. What we are seeing is not only the glory of Jesus Christ. pleasures. Other prophets were powerful in their writings but. but probably not because it was inhabited at that time. They are discussing the redemption.6. See Phil 2:13. Most scholars suspect it might be Mount Hermon. Act now. he was . ―High mountain‖: Tradition says it was Tabor. and then he will repay everyone according to what he has done. specifically His departure from Jerusalem. James and John who were standing there are going to have a unique experience. but also a staff meeting. Luke mentions that this happens while He is praying.Matthew riches. and then go after that with all one's strength. But those who have ignored His warnings and commands will be sent to Hell as their reward. before it‘s forever too late.) Matthew 17 Jesus’ Appearance is Changed (Mark 9:2-13. some people standing here will not experience death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom. And when you do.) 27The Son of Man is going to come with his angels in his Father‟s glory. Heb 5:9. his face shone like the sun. Elijah did not die. Two suggestions: These two men characterize two different things: The Law and The Prophets. His clothes became white as light. the Prophet Elijah was an uniquely empowered prophet. it glowed. God will help you all the way.” (This verse really belongs in Chapter 17. Matthew notes that He was bright as the Sun. The Law came by Moses. but we don‘t know for sure.) 28I tell all of you with certainty.

but wrong in not giving Him the pre-eminence. Elijah: 1 Kgs 17:1.) 11He answered them. 2. ultimately takes Him up in the ascension. 2 Kgs 1:10. The cloud that followed them by day and the pillar of fire at night in the wilderness wanderings. 3. they are by no means equal. overanxious for anyone who might liberate them from the Roman yoke. 2. it‟s good that we‟re here! If you want. as while there are three personages here on the hill. and one for Elijah. Seen on Mount Sinai. I am pleased with him. Very reminiscent of the Baptism. In the same way. the message would be proclaimed worldwide. Fire from heaven . But the Scripture is clear that Elijah will return in person shortly before God judges the earth and therefore he may be one of the two witnesses of Revelation 11:1-14.) 5He was still speaking when a bright cloud suddenly overshadowed them. Jesus is not one among equals but Lord over all. “Why. and Elijah is to come before You? Malachi 4:5 -6.12. “This is my Son. 9On their way down the mountain. ―bright cloud‖: The Shekinah Glory. What does it all mean? See 2 Pet 1:16-20. Moses: Num 20:12. He was right in putting Jesus first. they saw no one but Jesus all by himself. Who are these two witnesses? Three different people were prophesied to come: 1. Messiah: Mal 3:1-3. but did not want Him as a Savior from sin. one for Moses. ―Voice‖ is an authentication. (His ministry will be to restore people to faith in God and to obedience to Him. saying. I‟ll set up three shelters —one for you. Elijah: Mal 4:5. but also His Second Coming. 7But Jesus came up to them and touched them. would have welcomed Him to save them from Rome. Peter here alerts you to the fact that there is something about Matt 17 that has not only to do with the glory of Jesus Christ. 19:13-16.) 10So the disciples asked him. “Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things. It is the presence of the glory of God that inhabits the Holy of Holies of the Temple. “Lord. 2 Kgs 2:11.) 6When the disciples heard this. the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands. “Get up. Deut 3:16-28.” 8When they raised their eyes.6 . Jesus ordered them. Keep on listening to him!” (We likewise must keep on listening to Him. Plagues Moses: Ex 8-12.Moses: Ex 7:19. 4Then Peter told Jesus. Water to blood . whom I love. After the resurrection.Elijah. and it was useless to tell the Jews of this vision of Messianic glory. and to a proper understanding about the Messiah. Luke 1:17.” (John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah.” (Peter was deeply moved by the occasion. Jas 5:17. Power to shut the heaven that it rain not . 2. Moses: Deut 18:15-19. 5. Israel had rejected her Messiah. A voice from the cloud said.Elijah: 1 Kgs 18:37.last words in OT.Matthew translated). and stop being afraid. then. See Acts 1:9. yet people did not recognize him and treated him just as they pleased. 4. Lk 4:25. (John's death was an advance token of what they . they fell on their faces and were terrified.6. Two ministries unfinished: 1. For all practical purposes. 3.” (The Jews.) 13Then the disciples understood that he had been speaking to them about John the Baptist. Given 4 powers: 1. This cloud that overshadows Him here. do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?” (… if You are the Messiah. “Don‟t tell anyone about this vision until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead. Here it sets Peter straight. Jer 5:14. 1 Kgs 17:1.) 12But I tell you that Elijah has already come. he had a real sense of history.

a man came up to Jesus. Luke 9:37-42) 14As they approached the crowd. they would also reject the King. but they couldn‟t heal him.‟ and it will move. it should be understood that true faith must be based upon some command or promise of God. you can say to this mountain. He was a classic example of the suffering caused by Satan. “Because of your lack of faith.” (The lesson here is very straightforward. were a cross section of the Jewish people of that day—faithless and perverse.) Jesus Heals a Boy with a Demon (Mark 9:14-29. Hudson Taylor said: ―The prayer power has never been tried to its full capacity. only to learn that ―vain is the help of man. (―have faith‖: Present tense. the Christian can have utmost confidence that mountainous difficulties will be miraculously removed. “Sir. They could not make their witness effective here due to unbelief. „Move from here to there. I tell all of you with certainty. The time comes when we must leave the mountain to minister in the valley of human need. because he is an epileptic and suffers terribly. If we want to see mighty works of Divine power and grace wrought in the place of weakness. and nothing will be impossible for you. but in that respect.) 16I brought him to your disciples. let us answer God‘s standing challenge. and I will answer you. Pray and fasting. Often he falls into fire and often into water. knelt down in front of him. continuous action. Your faith is not an inhibitor to the Lord causing someone to be healed. Lazarus. and show you great and mighty things. “You unbelieving and perverted generation! How long must I be with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring him here to me!” (Addressed to the disciples. Nothing is impossible to those who believe. They rejected the forerunner. failure and disappointment.) 17Jesus replied. . They did not have the faith to heal the epileptic. The capacity of them to serve God was constrained by their unbelief.) 18Then Jesus rebuked the demon and it came out of him. It is the power of Jesus Christ that heals. (His misery was compounded by burns and near-drownings. not someone‘s faith. Expecting to perform some spectacular stunt in order to gratify a personal whim is not faith but presumption. ‗Call to me. self-denial. and the boy was healed that very hour.) 15and said.‖ They had been powerless to cure. The Lord makes it clear that they should have been able to heal the child. if you have faith like a grain of mustard seed.” (The father had gone to the disciples for help. (Life is not all a mountain-top experience. the cruelest of all taskmasters. for example Jarius‘ daughter. Of course. The Lord healed people who were dead. 19Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and asked.Matthew would do to the Son of Man. “Why couldn‟t we drive it out?” 20He told them.‖) 21But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting. which you do not know‘ Jeremiah 33:3. After moments of spiritual exhilaration come hours and days of toil and expenditure. But if God guides a believer in a certain direction or issues a command. have mercy on my son.

“The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into human hands. Simon? From whom do kings on the earth collect tolls or tributes? From their own subjects. When Peter came home.) 26“From foreigners. Paul the apostle was not healed of his affliction. including the ruler and his household. Jesus spoke to him first—before Peter had a chance to tell what had happened. All that registered in their minds at the time was that He would be killed. the subjects are exempt. (If He had not told them of His death in advance. Under our form of government.) 25He answered. Peter without checking says of course he does. Luke 9:43-45) 22While they were gathering together in Galilee. go to the sea and throw in a hook. “What do you think. Take it and give it to them for me and you. “In that case. For Jesus. Ex 30 talks of ransom money for the soul.) Questions about the Temple Tax 24When they came to Capernaum. A ruler taxed his subjects for the support of his kingdom and his family.” Then they were filled with grief. open its mouth.) Jesus Again Predicts His Death and Resurrection (Mark 9:30-32. to pay tribute for the support of this temple would be equivalent to paying tribute to Himself. but he will be raised on the third day. so that we don‟t offend them. but he didn't tax his own family. and you will find a coin. Take the first fish that comes up. That doesn‘t mean that your lack of faith might be an impediment to His healing you. Jesus told them. they would doubt less have been completely disillusioned when it happened. 23They will kill him.) 27However. So Jesus told him. “Yes. “Your teacher pays the temple tax.” (There is a species . the collectors of the temple tax came up to Peter and asked. They heard His passion prediction but seemed to have missed His resurrection promise. The question must be understood in the light of those days. It is a necessary but not sufficient solution. The Lord may have some other purpose in mind. they were greatly distressed that He was going to leave them and that He would be slain. Some scholars believe that this is a tribute for the Temple.” he replied. doesn‟t he?” (Peter is alone. Other scholars believe this money was to be raised from the strangers not the locals. everyone is taxed. Was his faith lacking? The Lord may choose not to heal someone. the Son of God. The point was that the temple was God's house. The firstborn of every household had to be redeemed. (Jesus is saying that they are not subject to this tax. Jesus spoke to him first and asked him. Questionable whether these are linked. A death of shame and suffering was not consistent with their expectations of the Messiah. three times he prayed for healing.” When Peter went home. or from foreigners?” (Here we see the omniscience of the Lord.Matthew Don‘t jump to the conclusion that a Christian is ill due to their lack of faith! That would be a misapplication. As it was. but His not healing you is not a proof that you lack the faith.

Jesus would not have made the payment. wicked. they now call this fish ―St. “I tell all of you with certainty. is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven?” (It doesn‘t take a lot of insight to figure that the disciples seem to be on some kind of ego trip.” (What is done for the disciple is reckoned as done for the Master. “Who. unquestioning. unless you change and become like little children. pride.) 2Calling a little child forward. 5and whoever receives a little child like this in my name receives me. Luke 17:1-2) 6“If anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin. it would be better for him if a large millstone were hung around his neck and he were drowned at the bottom of the sea.… without selfish ambition. (Obviously the standards and values in the kingdom are exactly opposite those in the world. is foolish.) 4Therefore. (Notice the patience that Jesus has. yielding like a little child. (… before he had a chance to commit such a dastardly act. We must regard ourselves as God regards us. He knew the location of that one fish. Peter‘s Fish. acceptance. whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom from heaven. But haughty pride. Locally. and degrading. we must think Christ's thoughts after Him. and . If any divine principle had been involved. innocence. you will never get into the kingdom from heaven. he had him stand among them.) Causing Others to Sin (Mark 9:42-48. Our whole mode of thinking must be reversed. This is a frightful warning for anyone who would tempt someone to sin. then. He clearly was not subject to this tax. or a haughty attitude. indigenous to the Sea of Galilee. And he knew it would be the first fish Peter would catch. and He was willing to pay rather than offend. as mere beginners.) 3Then he said. He knew which one of all the fish in the Sea of Galilee had a coin in its mouth. clearly demonstrates Christ's omniscience. (―like little children‖: simplicity.Matthew of fish. Luke 9:46-48) 1At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked.‖ Jesus used the fish as a method to demonstrate to Peter that He was the Lord of Creation. that have the characteristic that they pick up bright things off the bottom and carry them in the mouth. or any attempt to be thought of as more important than we really are. It was a matter of moral indifference to Him. See Phil 2:5-8). The little ones here applies especially to Christians who are children in the faith. narrated with utmost restraint. It cannot be degrading to think of ourselves as we really are.) Matthew 18 True Greatness (Mark 9:33-37. This astounding miracle.

2 Sam 12:23. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into hell fire. doesn‟t he? 13If he finds it.) 10“See to it that you do not despise one of these little ones. only the saved have guardian angels? Don‘t pray to them. their angels in heaven always have access to my Father in heaven. it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should be lost. (… telling Him how those under their guardianship are being treated. but merely describes the physical condition at the time a believer leaves this life for the next. shouldn‘t it be a major priority for you? The real question is. Are you preaching and teaching the truth as God‘s message reveals the truth. the flesh. The Shepherd's joy over finding a straying sheep should teach us to value and respect His little ones. cut it off and throw it away. could and did create hell for those who reject His mercy. The one true God. They will reap His just wrath. but how terrible it will be for that person who causes someone to sin! (The world. nor thank them. It‘s called ―idolatry. Rom 7:9 … scholars .‖ Those who say that are right: their ―god‖ would never create hell. There are those who say ―My God would never create hell. He is a figment of their imagination. There can be no question that the resurrection body will be complete and perfect. he leaves the 99 in the hills and goes to look for the one that has strayed. or as you want to believe it? Consider the consequences!) 7How terrible it will be for the world due to its temptations to sin! Temptations to sin are bound to happen. a god they have created to suit themselves. Idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God. Biblical support for the concept of guardian angels. thank the Lord!) 11For the Son of Man came to save the lost. what are you doing of significance today that will matter 300 million plus years from now?) The Parable about the Faithful Shepherd (Luke 15:1-7) 12“What do you think? If a man has 100 sheep and one of them strays.) 8“So if your hand or your foot causes you to sin. tear it out and throw it away.” (Are small children saved if they die before the age of accountability? One can build a strong Biblical case supporting this idea. (The point is that the one which was lost was received with joy upon its return. He doesn‘t exist.‖ and it‘s the oldest sin in the Book. It is better for you to enter life injured or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into eternal fire. and the devil are leagued to seduce and pervert. at least for the kids. (Our Lord does not imply that some bodies will lack limbs in heaven. Heb 1:14. his guilt will be great.) 14In the same way. however.Matthew easily led. But if a person becomes an agent for the forces of evil. Spiritually – Be most careful that you don‘t despise anyone who has become humble and childlike in their life and attitude towards God. I tell all of you with certainty that he rejoices over it more than over the 99 that haven‟t strayed. because I tell you. 9And if your eye causes you to sin.” (If it is of the utmost importance for Jesus to reach the lost. because he couldn‘t.

and the pastor is teaching it publicly from the pulpit or on television. the pastor should not be criticized publicly but rather should be contacted privately about the matter. 1 Tim 1:20.) Dealing with a Brother who Sins (Luke 17:3) 15“If your brother sins against you. (Put out of the fellowship. If he listens to you. regard him as an unbeliever and a tax collector. reconciliation is achieved. In this respect. not with biblical doctrine. it is important to understand that true church unity is rooted not only in love but in truth. Step number one: the matter should be handled privately between the two parties. then the wronged one should take one or two others with him. We gossip to everyone else about it. you have won back your brother. tell it to the congregation. 3 John 9. The purpose of this is to bring him to his senses and cause him to confess his sin. No one can measure the trouble that has plagued the church through failure to obey the simple rule that a charge against another person must be supported by the testimony of two or three others. Cf. seeking his restoration. a television show. 2 Tim 4:14. If he also ignores the congregation. as Word-Faith teachers argue? They argue that even if the doctrine is clearly false.‟ (If the guilty brother does not listen. worldly courts often act more righteously than Christian churches or assemblies. If the offender acknowledges his guilt. however. It is important to notice that the local assembly is the body responsible to hear the case. he should first be contacted privately about the matter. This emphasizes the mounting seriousness of his continued unbrokenness. Lev 19:17. However. ―tax . The trouble is that we don't do this. Does this passage prohibit public criticism of a pastor‘s or teacher‘s doctrine.) 17If. Cf 1 Cor 6:1-8. believers should treat him courteously but should also show by their attitude that they do not condone his sin and cannot have fellowship with him as a fellow believer. (Explicit instructions are given concerning the Christian's responsibility when wronged by another believer. go and confront him while the two of you are alone. False doctrine that is publicly proclaimed from a platform—such as from a pulpit. The assembly should be prompt to receive him back as soon as there is evidence of godly repentance. he ignores them.) 16But if he doesn‟t listen. The Christian is forbidden to go to law against another believer. take one or two others with you so that „every word may be confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses. This passage deals with personal ethics and morals. Then the matter spreads like wildfire and strife is multiplied. or a radio show—is to be confronted publicly according to the New Testament pattern. not a civil court. If a Christian does something unethical or he sins. Until that point is reached. there can be no true church unity. Without a commitment to the truth. nothing in theology is free of controversy. Though Word-Faith teachers often cite Matthew 18 in an effort to maintain church unity in an atmosphere of love.Matthew generally believe that Paul is referring to his childhood before the age of accountability. Gal 6:1. Deut 19:15. Cf Gal 2:11-14.

Cf Num. One of the prerequisites for forgiveness is repentance on the part of the person who is to be forgiven. you'll soon be sinned against again! This age is rampant with this kind of thing. The underlying idea is that we should forgive as God has forgiven us. Forgiveness. whatever you prohibit on earth will have been prohibited in heaven. in the context it refers to prayer concerning church discipline. if that were so. it must be taken in light of all other teaching on prayer. everyone alive today has been sinned against multiple times. I tell all of you with certainty that if two of you agree on earth about anything you request. if you are alive in this world for five minutes. our prayers must be: 1.) 18“I tell all of you with certainty. 37-50. 3. and in obedience to His Word. In sincerity.) 20because where two or three have come together in my name. that action is honored in heaven. When used in connection with collective prayer in general. Heb 10:22. he made this point well. To meet ―in His name‖ means by His authority. (The word ―agree‖ is ―symphonize. “I tell you. No group can claim to be the only ones who meet in His name. There is no avoiding being mistreated by others. if you continue to live much longer. Cf Gen. it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.) 19Furthermore. Moses by his brother and sister.) 22Jesus told him. You are not the only one who has been "stabbed in the back" by others who should never have treated you badly! A preacher once made this point well by saying. In conformity to the revealed will of God.Matthew collector‖: These were Jews who collected taxes from Jews for Rome. if you stay around people. David by King Saul who personally tried to kill him more . Jesus never suggested that some of His disciples would not be sinned against in this world. how many times may my brother sin against me and I have to forgive him? Seven times?” (He probably thought he was showing unusual grace by suggesting seven as an outside limit. 2. even if they are saved. Potiphar's wife and the chief cupbearer. 12:1-13.‖ While verse 19 may be used as a general promise of answers to prayer. their conqueror. and whatever you permit on earth will have been permitted in heaven. Our judgments must always agree with what God‘s message to us already reveals as truth.” (Ancient rabbinical teaching noted that where two or three are sitting in judgment. Forgiveness is always based on the repentance of the offender. but 70 times 7! (Luke 17:3-4. Many godly people were unjustly sinned against: Joseph by his own brothers. not just seven times. Without exception. I am there among them. See Mat 16:19. 1 John 5:14-15. an important point to stress. Furthermore.) The Parable about an Unforgiving Servant 21Then Peter came up and asked him. binds disciplinary action upon a person. This is very basic. For instance. but nonetheless. in acknowledgment of all that He is. prayerfully and in obedience to the Word. the Shekinah is in the midst of them. Cf Eph 4:32. James 1:6-8. (Verse 18 is linked with what precedes. In faith. “Lord. When an assembly. etc. His presence would be limited to a small segment of His body on earth. Col 3:13. you have already been stabbed in the back by someone! Though this is an exaggeration.

canceling his debt. just as I had mercy on you?‟ 34In . 10. Esther 3:9. 100 denari = $17. „Pay what you owe!‟ (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. on four occasions of Israel‘s history she is forgiven 490 times and then comes ―the axe. not justice.).000 to 1 ratio between these two values! In other words. a talent was worth a lifetime of wages for an average laborer. since his chance of earning money was gone as long as he was imprisoned. (It was an epic display of grace. (A difficult business at best.‖ 2 Chr 36:21. it is likened unto only "a hundred denarii. than people do when they sin against us!) 29Then his fellow servant fell down and began begging him. saying. and I will repay you everything!‟ (Like many debtors. (The man who received personal forgiveness. his master ordered him.) 31“When his fellow servants saw what had happened. He forgave them for 70 X 7 times and then called what was due. The Sabbath for the land was six years to cultivate.000 talents is the price paid in silver by Haman to King Ahasuerus as a bribe to annihilate the Jews.000 talents was brought to him. 24When he had begun to settle the accounts. Cf.000 times more severely over the years by sinning against Him. Martin Luther used to say that we are all beggars before Him." was labeled an "evil servant"! This same description is used in Matthew 25:26 and there we learn that such people will be thrown into the darkness where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth! See Matthew 25:30). 25Because he couldn‟t pay.000! The detail about the vast amount is intentional. and also to emphasize an immense debt to God. he was incredibly optimistic about what he could do if only he had time. Since they failed to keep the Sabbath of the land for 490 years. ―70 times 7‖: Jesus‘ way of saying a lot more than seven? Yet. 18:11. 19:10. „Be patient with me and I will repay you!‟ 30But he refused and had him thrown into prison until he could repay the debt. a person who owed him 10.Matthew than once." When someone sins against us.000 talents = $12 million). He grabbed him. and everything that he owned to be sold so that payment could be made. we offended God 700. 23“That is why the kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. our mountainous sin debt that was forgiven is likened to "ten thousand talents. the seventh to rest. his wife. „Be patient with me. but refused to forgive the man who owed him a mere "hundred denarii. For 490 years Israel failed to keep the Sabbath year of the land. It is to shock the listeners and so capture their attention. (10. the Lord said you owe me 70 and sent them into captivity in Babylon. and said. Cf 1 Sam. We cannot hope to pay). 32Then his master sent for him and told him. „You evil servant! I canceled that entire debt for you because you begged me. Just forgiven $12 million dollars! At the point of our salvation." That is about a 700. 33Shouldn‟t you have had mercy on your fellow servant. 27The master of that servant had compassion and released him. Galilee's total revenue only amounted to 300 talents and this man owed 10. his children.) 28“But when that servant went away. they were very disturbed and went and reported to their master everything that had occurred. seized him by the throat. 26Then the servant fell down and bowed low before him. he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii.

. bigamy. Almost all forms of complex life have both male and female—horses. the more people reject the Book of . Luke 17:3-4.) Matthew 19 Teaching about Divorce (Mark 10:1-12) 1When Jesus had finished saying these things. 35This is how my heavenly Father will treat each one of you unless you forgive your brother from your hearts. „That is why a man will leave his father and mother and be united with his wife. and the two will become one flesh‟? (Quoted from Gen 2:24. The married couple are to cleave unto each other just as if they had no parents. singular. dogs. all design. 2Large crowds followed him. purpose. complementary reproductive systems? If each sex was able to reproduce without the other. The marriage relationship should supersede the parental relationship. how did the male of each species reproduce without females? How is it possible that a male and a female each spontaneously came into being. Quoted 2x by Jesus and 2x by Paul. they began to close in. The concept of cleaving also involves the concept of leaving mother and father. and he healed them there. 3Some Pharisees came to him in order to test him. The basic issue is if you have been forgiven much. monkeys. “Haven‟t you read that the one who made them at the beginning „made them male and female‟ (No evolution here. a perverse and unnatural deviancy. 5:2) 5and said. yet they have complex. why and how would they have developed a reproductive system that requires both sexes in order for the species to survive? Cf. moths.. Which then came first according to the evolutionary theory? If a male came into being before a female. Is there a debt of some kind that you also need to forgive? Consider all that God has forgiven you. That is the only basis for marriage and that is also why we know that homosexual behavior is evil. We know it is to be a heterosexual relationship ONLY.only adultery. One cannot carry on life without the other. not Adam and Steve! God made one man and one woman. Why? Because God made Adam and Eve.any reason. now. he left Galilee and went to the territory of Judea on the other side of the Jordan. No polygamy. God‘s intended plan was two by two. humans. Gen 1:27. and the female needs the male to reproduce. However. Man and wife. Mark 11:2526. Like a pack of wild dogs. The male needs the female to reproduce. Just like Adam and Eve who had no parents. like bad cooking! Shammai . No matter how He answered. They asked.” (See Mat 6:14. This was a dispute among the sects of the Pharisees. etc. He is expecting you to forgive those with trespasses against you.Matthew anger his master handed him over to the jailers until he could repay the entire debt. birds. What will God‘s judgment be in this regard concerning you? Make that call. fish.) 4He answered them. He would infuriate some segment of the Jews. “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” (There were two schools of thought: Hillel . elephants. hoping to trap Him by His words. or write.


Genesis and the rest of the Bible as God‘s authoritative Word, then the more we would expect to see people rejecting God‘s foundation for marriage. There is no doubt that the acceptance of homosexual behavior is on the rise in Western culture. This goes hand in hand with the increasing acceptance of evolutionary teaching and its consequence of the undermining of the authority of the Bible.) 6So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, man must never separate.” (Jesus said that marriage is a union of persons. God's ideal is that this divinely ordained union should not be broken by human act or decree. Jesus confirmed that the creation of Adam and Eve was a real historical event when He quoted Genesis 1:27 and 2:24 in His teaching. Genesis is quoted more than sixty times in seventeen books of the New Testament. A minister was talking to a children's Sunday School class about kindness to animals. He spoke about the Biblical references to substantiate his case. "Now let's suppose," he said, "that you saw a bad person cutting off the tail of a cat. What Biblical quotation would you use to tell him of the terrible wrong he was doing?" "Sir, I would point out to him," one of the students said, "What God has joined together, man must never separate.‖) 7They asked him, “Why, then, did Moses order us „to give a certificate of divorce and divorce her‟?” (Misquote. Moses did not command, Moses allowed. Cf. Deut 24:1, 3. What about Moses? They wanted to find some loophole. Just like some people are doing today. You tell me, who are the Pharisees? Jesus authenticates that Deuteronomy is written by Moses!) 8He told them, “It was because of your hardness of heart that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives. But from the beginning it was not this way. (Moses allowed it. But Jesus makes it clear that from the beginning divorce was not God‘s idea. If our hearts have been truly transformed by the Spirit of God, then hardness of heart is no longer an issue. God says bluntly, "I HATE DIVORCE‖. Cf Malachi 2:16. Who amongst us, except the hard hearted, would choose to do or condone what God hates? It seems that this is just one more area in which the church has become ashamed of the words of Jesus, no longer confessing him before men.‖) 9I tell you that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.” (―Sexual immorality‖: literally fornication. Matthew was written with a Jewish audience in mind where only the man had the right to divorce and remarry during the betrothal period. Adultery has never been grounds for divorce. In the Old Testament the command was to stone the adulterers. Cf Leviticus 20:10, Deuteronomy 22:23. Matthew 19:9 is not an exception but a clarification that would allow remarriage because of fornication/sexual immorality during the betrothal period under the law of Moses. Matthew's audience was Jewish; if I went to another country, I would want to speak in such a way that they would understand so it makes sense to them based on their culture and practices. Mark records the same scene with the Pharisees in chapter 10 but Mark‘s audience was Romans who did not practice a betrothal period, so it would be irrelevant to hear him say anything about the betrothal period to that audience of people. See Matt 5:32, Matt. 19:9, John 8:41, Matt. 1:18-19. All of these passages discuss the Betrothal or Espousal period. The Jews, to whom Matthew was writing, understood the Betrothal


period. So, we believe that Jesus gave no exception but clarification for adultery. Also, many scholars believe the books of Mark and 1 Corinthians were written before Matthew. If that is the case, the first generation of Christians never knew of a so – called exception clause for fornication that some people claim that is found in Matthew 19:9. Mark and Matthew both say that once God has joined a marriage, men may not separate it. See verse 6. This means that the exception cannot not refer to any ground that might arise AFTER God has bound the two into one. Since ADULTERY is a sin which takes place AFTER God has joined a marriage, it cannot be included in the exception. If that is so, then the sexual sin encompassed by the exception, must refer to something which arises BEFORE a "marriage" is joined by God. We are not left without a "case history" which will help us to understand the exception. It is significant that the only Gospel to record the exception is also the only one to include the story of Joseph and Mary. This is the only New Testament example of what Jesus might have meant by "fornication" or "sexual immorality" as a ground for divorce.) 10His disciples asked him, “If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‟s not worth getting married!” (The disciples asked again. They had just heard something that blew them away. If divorce stayed the same as Moses‘ time and Jesus thought the marriage covenant ended at divorce why did the disciples say, ―If that is the relationship of a man with his wife, it‘s not worth getting married!‖ They were as surprised as people are today.) 11“Not everyone can accept this saying,” he replied, “except those to whom celibacy has been granted, (Jesus‘ mind went to eunuchs. Why eunuchs? Celibacy might have to happen for the Kingdom of God.) 12because some men are celibate from birth, while some are celibate because they have been made that way by others. Still others are celibate because they have made themselves that way for the sake of the kingdom from heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.” (This is not an invitation to celibacy. It is simply an indication that some people have the gift of desire to be celibate. These men could be married, and they have no physical impairment. Yet in dedication to the King and His kingdom, they willingly forego marriage in order to give themselves to the cause of Christ without distraction. Cf 1 Cor 7:32. Their celibacy is not physical but a matter of voluntary abstinence. Not all men can live such a life; only those divinely empowered. Cf 1 Cor 7:7.) Jesus Blesses the Little Children (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)

some little children were brought to him so that he might lay his hands on them and pray. But the disciples rebuked those who brought them. (It is interesting that children are introduced shortly after the discourse on divorce; often they are the ones who suffer most severely from broken homes.) 14Jesus, however, said, “Let the little children come to me, and stop keeping them away, because the kingdom from heaven belongs to people like these.” (Several


important lessons emerge from those words. First, they should impress the servant of the Lord with the importance of reaching children, whose minds are most receptive, with the Word of God. Part of our outreach is to the children. Second, children who wish to confess their faith in the Lord Jesus should be encouraged, not held back. No one knows the age of the youngest person in hell. If a child truly wishes to be saved, he should not be told that he is too young. At the same time, children should not be pressured into making a false profession. Children do not have to become adults to be saved, but adults have to become like children. Thirdly, these words of our Lord answer the question, ―What happens to children who die before they reach the age of accountability?‖ This verse should be adequate assurance to parents who have suffered the loss of little ones. Sometimes this passage is used to support the baptism of young children in order to make them members of Christ and inheritors of the kingdom. Closer reading will show that the parents brought the children to Jesus, not to be baptised, but so that He might pray for them. There is not a drop of water in the passage). 15When he had laid his hands on them, he went on from there. A Rich Man Comes to Jesus (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)

then a man came up to Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what good deed should I do to have eternal life?” (The question revealed his ignorance of the true identity of Jesus and of the way of salvation. He called Jesus ―Teacher,‖ putting Him on the same level as other great men. And he spoke of gaining eternal life as a debt rather than as a gift. Note the basis is on works.) 17Jesus asked him, “Why ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you want to get into that life, you must keep the commandments.” (Here is the Master Evangelist showing us how to deal with a proud, self-righteous person—a typical sinner. This is noticeably different from the approach of modern evangelism. When the man asked how he could obtain eternal life, Jesus did not ask, ―Would you like to have the assurance that if you died tonight you would go straight to heaven? You can have that confidence right now simply by acknowledging that you have sinned against God, and by trusting in the finished work of Calvary‘s cross. Would you like me to lead you in prayer right now so that you can have that assurance?‖ Instead, Jesus pointed him to the Law so that he could recognize his sin. Biblical evangelism is always ―Law to the proud, grace to the humble.‖ John Newton said, ―My grand point in preaching is to break the hard heart and to heal the broken one.‖) 18The young man asked him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “„You must not murder, you must not commit adultery, you must not steal, you must not give false testimony, 19honor your father and mother,‟ and, „you must love your neighbor as yourself.‟” (―honor your father and mother‖: … by loving obedience during your childhood and youth, and by providing for them when they are sick, weary, old and feeble. One of the greatest provisions you can

He must forsake his riches and humble himself to enter. the two terms are synonymous. the disciples would have more than likely responded with something like. It is hard to have them without trusting in them. Then come back and follow me. Deut 5:1620.‖ However. they were ―exceedingly amazed. Lev 19:18). because of verse 26. but for . Exodus 20:12-16. they questioned. Salvation and Reward (Mark 10:23-31. who could? Is it possible to be saved if you are rich? Yes.) 24Again I tell you.‖ When the main gate was closed.‖ What Jesus had said astonished them.” (Discipleship: costs all that one has! To live for others. then. 20The young man told him. because he had many possessions.) 25When the disciples heard this. Interesting though it may sound. (In light of the way most Christians share the gospel. according to Scripture. it will be hard for a rich person to get into the kingdom from heaven. the man boasted that he had always kept these commandments. Cf Romans 7:7). therefore. “I have kept all of these. If that‘s what Jesus was saying. ―That makes sense.) 22But when the young man heard this statement he went away sad. and there can be no repentance without a God-given knowledge of sin—and that. couldn‘t make it to Heaven. Luke 14:26-27. He didn‘t then respond to their astonishment by saying that it was ―difficult‖ for a camel to get through the eye of the needle. then get on its knees and crawl through the smaller gate to enter the city. go and sell what you own and give the money to the destitute. at all times. Phil 3:7. though it is so wide that the greatest sinner may enter. If these men.‖ It would seem therefore that the analogy was to a literal camel and a literal needle.) 21Jesus told him. can be saved?” they asked.‖ Before leaving this section we should notice that the expressions ‖kingdom from heaven‖ and ―kingdom of God‖ are used interchangeably in verses 23 and 24. Charles Spurgeon said ―The gate of heaven. is nevertheless so low that pride can never pass through it. He used the word ―impossible. 33. What do I still lack?” (Blind to his own selfishness.Matthew give them is your sincere love and friendship. “If you want to be perfect. This is what a rich man must do to enter the celestial city.) 26Jesus looked at them intently and said. “For humans this is impossible. and you will have treasure in heaven. a camel had to forsake its load. heaven doesn‘t rejoice over ―decisions. Luke 18:24-30) 23Then Jesus told his disciples. it is easier for a camel to squeeze through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to get into the kingdom of God. Jesus failed because He didn‘t get a ―decision. because of the response of both the disciples and Jesus.‖ It reserves its rejoicing for repentance.‖ Instead. beside which was a smaller gate called ―the eye of a needle.” (A common interpretation is that Jerusalem had a main gate. it is unlikely that this is correct. they were completely astonished. can come only by the Law. “Who. approved by God.8. (Wealth was considered by the Jews to be a sign of blessing and approval by God. “I tell all of you with certainty. (Riches tend to become an idol. Rather.

Eternal life is a gift and cannot be earned or merited. as evidenced by the fact that few rich men are converted. They find it almost impossible to replace trust in visible means of support for faith in an unseen Savior. So what will we get?” (Peter's self-life was showing.” (Humanly speaking. (The Lord assured Peter that everything done for Him would be rewarded handsomely.) 27“Look!” Peter replied. Only God can effect such a change. they receive a hundred Christian homes where they are warmly welcomed. All believers will have that life but not all will enjoy it to the same extent. only God can save a soul. they receive spiritual riches beyond reckoning. “I tell all of you with certainty. It was a spirit each of us must guard against. or fields because of my name will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life. they enjoy a world-wide fellowship of believers that more than compensates for severed earthly ties. when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne in the renewed creation.) Matthew 20 The Workers in the Vineyard 1“The kingdom from heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. it is impossible for anyone to be saved. But it is more difficult for a wealthy man to surrender his will to Christ than for a poor man. illustrates the truth that while all . He was bargaining with the Lord. sisters. children. father. “We have left everything and followed you. For lands or other forms of wealth forsaken. The future reward for all believers is eternal life. and the last will be first. a continuation of the discourse on rewards at the end of chapter 19. he sent them into his vineyard. For the one house they leave. everyone who has left his homes.Matthew God all things are possible. While those keeping score may be in for some unpleasant surprises. Commentators and preachers invariably inject here that it is perfectly all right for Christians to be rich. brothers.” (Those who have faithfully focused on Jesus will be startled by the impact that their lives have had on others. Hoarded wealth condemns us as not loving our neighbors as ourselves. governing the twelve tribes of Israel.) 29In fact. (In this life. to justify the accumulation of earthly treasures! And it is difficult to see how a Christian can cling to riches in view of the appalling need everywhere and the Lord's clear prohibition against laying up treasures on earth. mother. This statement may also have been a warning that it isn't enough to start out well on the path of discipleship. (This parable.) 30But many who are first will be last. It's how we finish that counts. you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones. As to the twelve specifically. they would have places of authority in the Millennium. It is strange that they use a passage in which the Lord denounces wealth as a hindrance to man's eternal welfare. 2After agreeing to pay the workers one denarius a day. Here the thought is that those who forsake all are rewarded with a greater capacity for enjoying eternal life in heaven. the old nature reasserting itself. This does not mean that we earn eternal life by forsaking all and sacrificing.) 28Jesus told them.

He asked them. or do they differ in degree? There are different degrees of reward in heaven. 2 Cor 5:10. (The first bargained for a denarius a day and got the wage agreed on. competitive spirit. didn‟t you? (Did not do anyone wrong. one can NOT earn your salvation. they were willing to work and wanted work but hadn't been able to find it. yet were jealous because the others got the same pay for working fewer hours.) 14Take what is yours and go. It is better to leave our rewards up to the Lord than to strike a bargain with Him.Matthew true disciples will be rewarded. The point of the parable in Matthew 20 is not that all rewards will be the same. „Friend. 4He told them. It doesn‘t matter if one worked all day or one hour. enduring the scorching heat!‟ (Are rewards the same for all. depending on our faithfulness to Christ on earth.‟ He told them. and fair. Cf 1 Cor 3:11–15.) 3When he went out about nine o‟clock. Many of us have to admit that it seems a bit unfair to us. but each received a denarius as well. This only proves that in the kingdom of heaven we must adopt an entirely new kind of thinking. and think like the Lord. The 6:00 a.‟ 5So off they went.) 9Those who were hired at five o‟clock came. but that all rewards are by grace. „Because no one has hired us. too. of course. 12„These last fellows worked only one hour. and each received a denarius. the order of rewards will be determined by the spirit in which the disciple served. 6About five o‟clock he went out and found some others standing around.‟ (In this way the earliest men hired saw what the others received. am I not? Or are you envious because I‟m generous?‟ (The lesson.‟ 8“When evening came. You did agree with me for a denarius. I‟m not treating you unfairly.m. Jesus is simply saying that God will deal as He will. Grace is better than justice. The farmer added. It is to show that God rewards on the basis of opportunity. „You go into the vineyard. is that God is sovereign. And what He pleases will always be right. „Call the workers and give them their wages. were given the same pay. „You go into the vineyard as well. he saw others standing in the marketplace without work.) 15I am allowed to do what I want with my own money. 11When they received it. too. beginning with the last and ending with the first. The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. He can do as He pleases. We must abandon our greedy. 10“When the first came. They are not earning their salvation. and we‟ve been working all day. nevertheless. men got exactly what they deserved. „Why are you standing here all day long without work?‟ (They were not lazy. The others cast themselves on the farmer's grace and got grace. the owner of the vineyard told his manager. but you paid them the same as us. they thought they would receive more.) 13“But he told one of them. and I will pay you whatever is right. Rev 22:12. they began to complain to the landowner. The . God looks at our disposition as well as our actions and judges accordingly. I want to give this last man as much as I gave you. Gave to everyone that which was bargained for. but all. Not all the servants had the opportunity to work for the master the same amount of time. He went out again about noon and about three o‟clock and did the same thing. not simply on accomplishment. just. ―Or are you envious because I‘m generous?‖ This question exposes the selfish streak in human nature.) 7They told him.

“Promise that in your kingdom these two sons of mine will sit on your right and on your left.” (It is a sad commentary on human nature that. “You will indeed drink from my cup. should have counted it an added recompense to serve such a wonderful master all day.. Those who were hired at 6:00 a. and the Son of Man will be handed over to the high priests and scribes. He had just described it in verses 18 and 19. because many are called. The more we study the parable in this light. His followers were thinking more of their own glory than of His sufferings. (The Mother of Zebedee‘s children. the mother of James and John. 21He asked her. But it‟s not up to me to grant you a seat at my right hand or at my left. She bowed down in front of him to ask him for a favor. He must suffer and die.” (… to shine like the stars forever and ever. James and John expressed ability to share in His sufferings. “What do you want?” She told him. i.) Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection a Third Time (Mark 10:32-34.” (We are not left to wonder what He meant by the cup. but on the third day he will be raised. immediately after the third prediction of His passion. So this was not a case of the mother embarrassing her two sons.) 23He told them. the last will be first. so he paid them according to need rather than greed. Nothing came as a surprise. Others who served out of love and gratitude will be highly honored. “We can.) 16“In the same way.m. 19Then they will hand him over to unbelievers to be mocked. and the first will be last. These positions have already been prepared for . we are going up to Jerusalem.Matthew farmer knew that all these men needed money. Not James the brother of Jesus). but few are chosen.) 22Jesus replied. Did they understand Him? No. he took the twelve disciples aside and told them as they were walking along. Some who thought they would be first will be last because their service was inspired by pride and selfish ambition. See Luke 18:34. though perhaps their confidence was based more on zeal than knowledge. No one received less than he deserved. There will be surprises in the matter of rewards. The account that occurs in Mark 10:35 indicates that James and John were of the same mind. but all received what they needed for themselves and their families. “You don‟t realize what you‟re asking. Can you drink from the cup that I‟m going to drink from?” They told him. and they will condemn him to death. and crucified. Luke 18:31-34) 17When Jesus was going up to Jerusalem. the more we realize that it is not only fair but eminently beautiful.e.” (Jesus lays out His crucifixion and resurrection. 18“See. Daniel 12:3.) The Request of James and John (Mark 10:35-45) 20Then the mother of Zebedee‟s sons came to Jesus with her sons. whipped.

‖ He gave His life as a ransom for many people.” (James would be martyred and John persecuted and exiled to the Isle of Patmos. they shouted. greatness is manifested by service. they shouted even louder. saying. John lived a martyr's life. though physically blind. ―James died a martyr's death. Lord. (Classical worldly hierarchy. but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people. some living today might win them— by suffering.. Instead. 30When two blind men who were sitting by the roadside heard that Jesus was passing by. Lord. whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant.Do you want to be blessed? Develop a servant‘s heart.” (If the sinless Christ. they had a special claim to places of preferment.) 28That‟s the way it is with the Son of Man. that because they were so close to Christ. Someone said. They thought it was a matter of political patronage. “What do you want me to do for . their spiritual vision was so acute as to recognize Jesus as the Messiah. a large crowd followed Jesus. He did not come to be served. In Christ's kingdom. they became furious with the two brothers. Luke 18:35-43) 29As they were leaving Jericho. But it is effective only for those who accept Him as Lord and Savior. the Father had determined a special basis on which these positions would be assigned.. If Jesus can step down from His glorious equality with God to become a man. and then further humble Himself to be a servant and wash the feet of twelve undeserving sinners—then humble Himself to die so horribly on our behalf.Matthew others by my Father. “You know that the rulers of the unbelievers lord it over them and their superiors act like tyrants over them.) 26That‟s not the way it should be among you. Son of David!” (Their use of the title ―Son of David‖ means that. “Have mercy on us.‖ Jesus explained that He could not arbitrarily grant places of honor in the kingdom.) 24When the ten heard this. would so humble Himself for us. (The unbelievers think of greatness in terms of mastery and rule. Have you ever done this?) Jesus Heals Two Blind Men (Mark 10:46-52. (They were probably indignant because they themselves wanted to be greatest and resented any prior claims being made by James and John!) 25But Jesus called the disciples and said.) 31When the crowd told them harshly to be silent. But it was not a question of personal favoritism. surely we ought to be willing to suffer any indignity to serve Him. “Have mercy on us. the places on His right hand and left hand would be given on the basis of suffering for Him. In the counsels of God. we dare not denigrate humility or aspire to self-esteem instead of lowliness. His death satisfied all God's righteous demands against sin. who is literally God in human flesh and Lord of all. It was sufficient to put away all the sins of all the world. This means that the chief honors in the kingdom are not limited to first century Christians. Son of David!” 32Jesus stopped and called them. 27and whoever wants to be first among you must be your slave.

Both Matthew and Mark indicate that the healing took place as they were leaving. Both Mark and Luke describe one blind man. Luke 19:28-38. At once you will find a donkey tied up and a colt with it. we want to be able to see!” (When Jesus asked what they wanted. deeply moved with compassion. Yet. and bring them to me. your king is coming to you! He is humble and mounted on a donkey. Untie them. while there still were two. (This indicates clearly that Jesus rode both the donkey and her colt. “Lord. Next the Messiah would be cut off.) 6So the disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them.) 34Then Jesus. tell him.Matthew you?” 33They told him. the Lord Jesus made a deliberate. Sixty-nine weeks of Daniel's prophecy had now run out. they didn't indulge in generalities.‖ Here Jesus stages the event! He does this deliberately to fulfill an Old Testament prophecy. Zech 9:9. (Their specific request received a specific response.‟” (Cf. even on a colt of a donkey. “Go into the village ahead of you. 3If anyone says anything to you. Some propose that Jesus rode the old donkey until He came to the place on . They came right to the point. as we often do when we pray. There were several times that Jesus became popular and the crowd wanted Him to be King. Skeptics try to find sin in Jesus Christ by saying ―Jesus wasn‘t sinless – He stole a donkey‖… It isn‘t stealing if the owner gives permission. Isa 62:11. A prearranged password is implied. So Jerusalem at this time was a tourist center.) 7They brought the donkey and the colt and put their coats on them. Every able-bodied male was required by the Law to go to Jerusalem for Passover. and at once they could see again. So they followed him. See his computations in the book The Coming Prince. In riding into Jerusalem in this manner. while Matthew describes two. „Look. and he sat upon them. Mark and Luke focus on the one who had a better witness.) Matthew 21 The King Enters Jerusalem (Mark 11:1-11. The idea that they don‘t quite agree exactly refutes the idea that they are colluding. Cf Dan 9:26. If you compare this with the same accounts in Luke and Mark they are a bit different. John 12:12-19) 1When they came near Jerusalem and had reached Bethphage on the Mount of Olives. Jesus sent two disciples on ahead and 2told them. unveiled claim to being the Messiah.” (―The Lord needs them‖: Literally the Lord of them. „The Lord needs them.) 4Now this happened to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet when he said. Each time Jesus slips away and notes that ―Mine hour has not yet come. according to Sir Robert Anderson. Luke describes this as they came to Jericho and Mark describes the healing of the blind men when they depart from Jericho. (It was a historic moment. touched their eyes. This was four days before Passover. How many were there? Two. 5“Tell the daughter of Zion. if you read it carefully you will discover that what Luke is really saying is that they met the one beggar as they got to the city.‟ and that person will send them at once.


the Mount of Olives where He wept over Jerusalem. Luke 19:41-44. Then He got off the old donkey and mounted the colt. Riding this unbroken colt was a miracle in itself!) 8Many people in the crowd spread their own coats on the road, while others began cutting down branches from the trees and spreading them on the road. (For a moment, at least, He was acknowledged as King.) 9Both the crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed him kept shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest heaven!” (Hosanna means save now. Perhaps the people meant, ―Save us from our Roman oppressors.‖ It later became an exclamation of praise. Account in Luke notes that they are singing Psalm 118, heralding Jesus as the Meshiach Nagid, the Messiah the King. The Pharisees are upset because they felt that they were blaspheming.) 10When he came into Jerusalem, the whole city was trembling with excitement. The people were asking, “Who is this?” 11The crowds kept saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, the man from Nazareth in Galilee.” (From this it seems that few really understood He was the Messiah. In less than a week, the fickle crowd would be crying, ―Crucify Him! Crucify Him!‖) Confrontation in the Temple over Money (Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-48; John 2:13-22)

Jesus went into the Temple, threw out everyone who was selling and buying in the Temple, and overturned the moneychangers‟ tables and the chairs of those who sold doves. (The bazaars and Temple markets were the franchise of the Sons of Annas. In order to comply with the requirements of the Temple, you had to have the Temple currency. This created the need for moneychangers. The whole practice was corrupt and also in the wrong place. Also a foreshadow corresponding to Revelation where judgment starts in the House of God. Mal 3:1-3; 2 Thess 2:3, 4. Genuine outrage is not just a permissible reaction to the hard-pressed Christian; God himself feels it, and so should the Christian in the presence of pain, cruelty, violence, and injustice. God, who is the Father of Jesus Christ, is neither impersonal nor beyond good and evil. By the absolute immutability of His character, He is implacably opposed to evil and outraged by it. Tolerance is a virtue for those who have no convictions.) 13He told them, “It is written, „My house is to be called a house of prayer,‟ but you are turning it into a hideout for bandits!” (Cf. Isa 56:7; Jer 7:11. These merchants were selling birds and animals to the visiting pilgrims to sacrifice. But they were taking advantage of them and robbing them by charging exorbitant prices. The exorbitant prices charged the public by some professional and business people today comes under the same solemn indictment. This incident has a twofold message for today. In our church life, we need His cleansing power to drive out bazaars, suppers, and a host of other money-making gimmicks. In our personal lives, there is constant need for the purging ministry of the Lord in our bodies, the temples of the Holy Spirit.) 14Blind


and lame people came to him in the Temple, and he healed them. (He attracted the needy wherever He went, and never sent them away without meeting their need.) 15But when the high priests and the scribes saw the amazing things that he had done and the children shouting in the Temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became furious (Hostile eyes were watching.) 16and asked him, “Do you hear what these people are saying?” Jesus told them, “Yes! Haven‟t you ever read, „From the mouths of infants and nursing babies you have created praise‟?” (As if they expected Him to forbid the children from addressing Him as the Messiah! If Jesus had not been the Messiah, this would have been an appropriate time to say so once for all. But His answer indicated that the children were right. If the supposedly knowledgeable priests and scribes would not praise Him as the Anointed, then the Lord would be worshiped by little children. Children often have spiritual insight beyond their years, and their words of faith and love bring unusual glory to the name of the Lord. Cf. Ps 8:2) 17Then he left them and went out of the city to Bethany and spent the night there. (Bethany, a Sabbath day‘s walk from Jerusalem. Some very special times in Bethany, where Lazarus is raised.) Jesus Curses a Fig Tree (Mark 11:12-14, 20-24)

the morning, as Jesus was returning to the city, he became hungry. 19Seeing a fig tree by the roadside, he went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. He told it, “May fruit never come from you again!” And immediately the fig tree dried up. (Matthew places the cursing of the fig tree after the cleansing of the temple. But Mark places the cursing before the temple was cleansed. But, it cannot be both. Did one Gospel writer make a mistake? Jesus actually cursed the fig tree on His way to the temple as Mark said, but this does not mean that Matthew‘s account is mistaken. Christ made two trips to the temple, and He cursed the fig tree on His second trip. Matthew addresses the two trips of Christ to the temple as though they were one event. In Mark's account the comment is made that it was not the season for figs. Therefore, His condemning the tree because it had no fruit would seem to picture the Savior as unreasonable and grumpy. Knowing this cannot be true, how is this difficulty explained? Fig trees in Bible lands produced an early, edible fruit before the leaves appeared. This was a forerunner of the regular crop. If no early figs appeared, as in the case of this fig tree, it indicated that there would be no regular figs later on. This is the only miracle in which Christ cursed rather than blessed—destroyed rather than restored life. This has been raised as a difficulty. Such criticism betrays an ignorance of the Person of Christ. He is God, the Sovereign of the universe. Some of His dealings are mysterious to us, but we must begin with the premise that they are always right. In this case, the Lord knew that the fig tree would never bear figs and He acted as a farmer would in removing a barren tree from his orchard. Even those who criticize our Lord for


cursing the fig tree admit it was a symbolic action. This incident is the Savior's interpretation of the tumultuous welcome He had just received in Jerusalem. Like the vine and the olive tree, the fig tree represents the nation of Israel. When Jesus came to the nation there were leaves, which speak of profession, but no fruit for God. Jesus was hungry for fruit from the nation. Because there was no early fruit, He knew there would be no later fruit from that unbelieving people, and so He cursed the fig tree. This prepictured the judgment which would fall on the nation in a.d. 70. Although the primary interpretation of this passage relates to the nation of Israel, it has application to people of all ages who combine high talk and low walk. The lesson here for the disciples is if they don‘t bear fruit they are in jeopardy. One cannot judge the human heart—that is God‘s job—however, one can inspect the fruits!) 20When the disciples saw this, they were amazed. “How did the fig tree dry up so quickly?” they asked. 21Jesus answered them, “I tell all of you with certainty, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you be able to do what has been done to the fig tree, but you will also say to this mountain, „Be removed and thrown into the sea,‟ and it will happen. 22You will receive whatever you ask for in prayer, if you believe.” (Again we must explain that these seemingly unqualified promises concerning prayer must be understood in light of all that the Bible teaches on the subject. Verse 22 does not mean that any Christian can ask anything he wants and expect to get it. He must pray in accordance with the conditions laid down in the Bible. Also make sure that you don‘t substitute the sacrifice of prayer for the obedience of evangelism; to do so is to play the hypocrite. It is easier to pray for this world than to preach the gospel to them. C.T. Studd said: ―We Christians too often substitute prayer for playing the game. Prayer is good; but when used as a substitute for obedience, it is nothing but a blatant hypocrisy, a despicable Pharisaism …. To your knees, man! And to your Bible! Decide at once! Don‘t hedge! Time flies! Cease your insults to God. Quit consulting flesh and blood. Stop your lame, lying, and cowardly excuses. Enlist!‖.) Jesus’ Authority is Challenged (Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)

Jesus went into the Temple. While he was teaching, the high priests and the elders of the people came to him and asked, “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” (By what authority? We hear this often from religious people, who are your leaders they ask? Who is your pastor? Who ordained you? Do you have an education and where did you go to school? Who are they that gives you counsel or are you just a loose cannon? This is what is being said to Jesus. Who does He sit under, who is His leader and what religious school did He attend, as He was considered a lone rebel. They not only wanted to question Him, they were on a fault finding mission. They hoped to trap Him, no matter how He answered. If He claimed to have authority in Himself as the Son of God, they would accuse Him of

) 26But if we say. He replied.‟ 29His son replied.‟ but later he changed his mind and went. tax collectors and prostitutes will get into God‟s kingdom ahead of you! (Why tax collectors and prostitutes? Their lifestyle is rebellious. professionals who by formal training and human appointment were authorized to direct the religious life of the people. but the tax collectors and prostitutes did. They considered themselves the guardians of the faith.Matthew blasphemy. go and work in the vineyard today. John had pointed men to Jesus as the Messiah. (One says that he is not going to do it. If they admitted that John was sent by God.‟ he will ask us. they would have had the answer to their own question: Jesus was the Messiah of whom John had been the forerunner. „Son. but he does.” (Therefore the out-and-out sinners entered the kingdom of God while the self-satisfied religious leaders remained outside. Avowed sinners receive the gospel more readily than those with a veneer of false piety. „I don‟t want to. Their challenge reflected the age-old resentment felt by professional religionists against men with the power of divine anointing. so they pleaded ignorance. sir. He went to the first and said.) 25Where did John‟s authority to baptize come from? From heaven or from humans?” They began discussing this among themselves: “If we say. you didn‟t change your minds at last and believe him.” (―Catch 22‖: No matter how they answer they lose. „Then why didn‟t you believe him?‟ (The priests and elders were in a dilemma. „I will.) 24Jesus answered them. they would discredit Him.” (They refused to face the facts. “I tell all of you with certainty.) 31Which of the two did the father‟s will?” They answered. (He will give them His answer when He is under oath at the trial. and the other says he will. But even when you saw that. I will also tell you by what authority I am doing these things.‟ we are afraid of the crowd. Jesus had no formal schooling and certainly no credentials from Israel's rulers. „From humans. and you didn‟t believe him.‟ but he didn‟t go. “We don‟t know. will ask you one question. “Then I won‟t tell you by what authority I am doing these things. but they might repent. ―tax collectors‖: These were Jews collecting taxes from their own people for Rome. 30Then the father went to the other son and told him the same thing.” He in turn told them.) 32John came to you living a righteous life. If they had correctly answered that John was divinely sent. they would challenge Him. If He claimed authority from God. but he doesn‘t. It is the same today.) 27So they told Jesus. Why should He tell them what they already knew but were unwilling to admit?) The Parable about Two Sons 28“But what do you think? A man had two sons. because everyone regards John as a prophet. they were trapped. He is talking to the Scribes and Pharisees. “I. too. „From heaven. If you answer it for me.) The Parable about the Tenant Farmers .” Jesus told them. “The first one. In contrast to the Scribes and Pharisees whose words are supportive and yet their hearts are far from Him. If He claimed authority from men.

(Isa 5:1-7. “Have you never read in the Scriptures. this psalm is sung in the concluding part of the service. “He will put those horrible men to a horrible death. (This prophecy has already been fulfilled. God is the landowner. thinking. 6:38. and it is amazing in our eyes.‟? (Cf. Luke 20:9-19) 33“Listen to another parable.‟ (―his son‖: in Mk 12:6 notes ―a son whom he loved‖. „This is the heir. let‟s kill him and get his inheritance!‟ (Son . but the tenant farmers treated them the same way. „They will respect my son. and love.) 38But when the tenant farmers saw his son.” (The parable is not difficult to interpret. The Jewish historian Neander said that by the end of the first century A. At His first coming. Repeatedly God sent His servants. The chief priests and scribes said. But the people persecuted the prophets and killed some of them. killed another. It is mainly among the Gentiles that Christ has been received. a greater number than the first. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. Israel the vineyard. holiness. God sent His Son. Ps 80:8. Jer 2:21.15.27. But a day is coming – soon now. more than one million followers of Jesus were Jewish. The first church was entirely Jewish. The wine-press signifies the fruit which Israel should have produced for God. to this day.) 43That is why I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce fruit for it.John 1:11. Then he leased it to tenant farmers and went abroad. They privately agreed that Jesus was the Son of God. he sent his son to them. The tower suggests God‘s watchful care for His people. put a wall around it. Ps 118:22-23. Jer 2:21. The Kingdom of God was taken from the Jews long ago and given to the Gentiles. to the people of Israel seeking from the vineyard the fruits of fellowship. threw him out of the vineyard. the prophets. what will he do to those farmers?” 41They told him.Acts 2:23. Then he will lease the vineyard to other farmers who will give him his produce at harvest time. Finally. The vinedressers are the chief priests and scribes. he sent his servants to the tenant farmers to collect his produce. though publicly denying it. and attacked another with stones. Come on. Isa 5:1-7.29.D. we trust – when . Gentiles guilt: Acts 4:26. 7:28. Cf. In the Passover service. Jewish guilt: 1 Thess 2:2. But God has made the Messiah to be the Cornerstone of His coming Kingdom on earth. Ps 80:8) 34When harvest time approached. 37Finally.) 40Now when the owner of the vineyard returns. and built a watchtower.) 39So they grabbed him. ―This is the heir‖—a fatal admission. and thus answered their own question concerning His authority. the Messiah was rejected by most of His own people. So not all Jews rejected Him. the non-Jewish people. 35But the farmers took his servants and beat one. (Killed . This was the Lord‟s doing. (Killed: Acts 7:52. he sent other servants to them.Matthew (Mark 12:1-12.) 36Again.) 42Jesus asked them. and killed him. dug a wine press in it. they told one another. The hedge is the Law of Moses which separated Israel from the Gentiles and preserved them as a distinct people for the Lord. „The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. His authority came from the fact that He was God the Son.14.

they were afraid of the crowds. they knew that he was talking about them. 9So go into the roads leading out of town and invite as many people as you can find to the wedding. he issued a general invitation to all who would come. and then killed them. the Rock of humanity‘s salvation. one to his farm. They were His officially even if they did not know Him personally. 2“The kingdom from heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son.) 10Those servants went out into the streets and brought in everyone they found. (Armies! That is. 46Although they wanted to arrest him. Even now there has already been a great increase in converts to their Messiah among the Jewish people. My oxen and fattened calves have been slaughtered. but they refused to come.) 4So he sent other servants after saying. Jesus came to them. They were ―his troops‖ in the sense that He used them as His instruments to punish Israel. Mark 8:34-38.d. Those who reject His mercy and reject His Lordship over their lives will experience the awful descending blow of judgment.Matthew great numbers among the people of Israel will also turn to Christ. Israel is guilty of not only having rejected the Messiah.) 7Then the king became outraged. “Look! I‟ve prepared my dinner. John is talking about Israel. He said. and the wedding hall was packed with . Without this death to self. Others note the parallel with Peter in Acts 3:19-21 with the stoning of Stephen. treated them brutally. Nu 21:14!) 8“Then he told his servants. This can be seen many ways. „Tell those who have been invited. etc. (―who had been invited‖: John 1:11.” (All who cast themselves on Christ. and they destroyed those murderers and burned their city.) 44The person who falls over this stone will be broken to pieces. They will be crushed at last by the Supreme Judge of the earth. „The wedding is ready. but it will crush anyone on whom it falls. Titus and his Roman legions. Matthew 22 The Parable about a Banquet (Luke 14:15-24) 1Again Jesus spoke to them in parables. who considered Jesus to be a prophet. Everything is ready.‟ (Scrapping the first guest list. The whole idea is that Jesus came first unto Israel. there is no conversion. 6The rest grabbed the king‟s servants. and seek mercy from Him. to destroy Jerusalem and most of its people in a. Clearly. Ex 15:3. Revelation 7:1-8. 70. (Remnant slew his servants. but those who were invited were not worthy.) 45When the high priests and the Pharisees heard his parables. The Jews rejected Him. He sent his troops. but also of the blood of the prophets. one is the slaughtering of the prophets. evil and good alike. Come to the wedding!”‟ 5But they paid no attention to this and went away. another to his business. 3He sent his servants to call those who had been invited to the wedding. no born-again experience. must do so with such abandon that they are completely broken in their rebellion and self-will.

(To spurn the robe offered was an expression of highest contempt. They said. (Eastern custom is for the host to provide the garments for the guests. They are the ones who are indeed born again. he was established there by Rome. Luke 20:20-26) 15Then the Pharisees went and planned how to trap Jesus in conversation.) 14because many are invited. The guests were expected to be wearing the robes provided by the King.) 13Then the king told his servants.. They realize full well that mere selective obedience will not gain them entrance into Heaven. as well as what He has told us to keep from doing. If so. The weeping suggests the suffering of hell. Cf Rom 10:1-13. not our own. You don‟t favor any individual. 16They sent their disciples to him along with the Herodians. ―our righteous acts‖ is as filthy rags. provided by Him thru Jesus Christ. We will be standing before God by Jesus‘ righteousness. He is obviously taking about something far broader in impact than simply a wedding and a breach of etiquette. by turning from their sinning to living in obedience to Him. and throw him into the darkness outside!‟ In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. he noticed a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. as both were powerful groups even though . because you pay no attention to external appearance. he was Idumaean. This parable shows the need to be properly attired for the wedding feast. John 3:1-8. They were joined with the Pharisees politically. Only those who are determined to enter Heaven will gain entrance there. extreme pain. but few are chosen. They were pro-Roman Jews. Herod was not Jewish. and obeying Him as their Lord.) 11“When the king came in to see the guests. we know that you are sincere and that you teach the way of God truthfully. the robe represents the right standing with God. Rom 10:3. A lot of prophetic overtones: the word going out twice. Those refusing to wear this robe will be rejected by God and thrown into outer darkness.) A Question about Paying Taxes (Mark 12:13-17. „Friend.” (Those chosen by God to eternal life … Rom 8:29. the righteousness required. (i. “Teacher.. it disproves the notion that the fires of hell exert a purifying effect. Acts 4:12. first to Israel and then the Gentiles. Mat 11:12. but was confronted on Damascus Road and accepted Christ‘s robe of righteousness. Phil 3:7-9. or the mechanic of the parable yields to the reality which Christ is focusing on. Here is where the idiom. 1 Pet 1:2 … are those whom He foreknew would be determined to meet His conditions for being born again.) 12He asked him. (―Herodians‖: Royal party sympathizers. (The call to the Gentiles. In this parable.e. Saul of Tarsus: At first would have tried to come by his own righteousness. Some suggest that the gnashing of teeth signifies continued hatred and rebellion against God. Isa 64:6. by trusting in Jesus as their Savior. „Tie his hands and feet. polite words for ―used menstrual cloths‖. obeying both what He has told us to be busy doing.Matthew guests. how did you get in here without wedding clothes?‟ But the man was speechless.

Only thing in common here is that they are both trying to entrap Jesus.Matthew they had some very substantial differences: the Pharisees being ultra Judaistic and the Herodians being pro-Roman. As a citizen of heaven. In quoting verse 21. so Jesus was examined by the religious leaders of the nation thru intense questioning. See Act 5:29. the liberal theologians of that day. “Caesar‟s. “Whose face and name is this?” 21They told him.) 18Recognizing their wickedness. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” (In asking this question. the existence of angels. As the Passover lamb was examined for four days before Passover. Galling as it was. you hypocrites? 19Show me the coin used for the tax. (Obviously a contrived question meant to entrap Jesus. who claim there is no resurrection. they did give Caesar his due. If there is ever a conflict between the two. and to God the things that are God‟s. “Then give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar‟s. his first loyalty is to God. In fact. Moses said. The first one married and died. denying the resurrection of the body. He is to pray for those in authority. (The denarius was the usual day‘s wage for a laborer. and miracles. And One stood before them who is the express image of God's Person and they failed to give Him His rightful place. they thought that Jesus would have to side with one of the groups: either pro-Roman or pro-Temple. He is not to speak evil of his rulers nor work to overthrow his government. they were amazed.) 24“Teacher. his brother must marry the widow and have children for his brother. he is responsible to obey God. most of us emphasize the part about Caesar and skip lightly over the part about God — exactly the fault for which Jesus reprehended the Pharisees!) 22When they heard this. Every time the Jews saw the likeness and title of Caesar on the coin it was an annoying reminder that they were under Gentile authority and taxation. he left his widow to his brother. Luke 20:27-40) 23That same day some Sadducees. Cf. He exposed their failure to give tribute to God. the question of paying taxes to Caesar would never have arisen.” (Their question had boomeranged. Jesus' reply shows that the believer has dual citizenship. (―Sadducees‖: The modernists. came to Jesus and asked him. „If a man dies having no children. He is responsible to obey and financially support human government.” So he told them. Caesar‘s picture was on the coin. Jesus asked.‟ (… to inherit his property. and since he had no children. Deut 25:5-6) 25Now there were seven brothers among us. A Question about the Resurrection (Mark 12:18-27. but they had disregarded the claims of God on their lives. They had hoped to trap Jesus on the question of tribute to Caesar.) 20Then he asked them.) 17So tell us what you think. their denials were more numerous than their affirmations. Cf Heb 1:3. Had they been true to God. “Why are you testing me. Then they left him and went away.” They brought him a denarius. The denarius should have reminded them that their bondage to Rome was a result of their sin.) 26The same thing happened with the .

) 32„I am the God of Abraham. but rather the idea of a resurrection. First. Exod 3:6. Luke 10:25-28) 34When the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees. but that those three men are in the present tense. the Torah or what we call the Pentateuch. but they did accept the five books of Moses. could He not as easily raise the dust of those who had died and refashion it into bodies of glory? There is absolutely nothing too hard for God. it is argued that we will have no physical bodies in the resurrection. But rather is the God of . which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” . too. (The real issue is the resurrection. but like them in that they do not marry. Jesus points out that the concept of marriage in the resurrection is just not Scriptural. the God of Isaac. Whatever He has promised.” (Cf. 36“Teacher. (Will we be like angels or spirits in heaven. whose wife of the seven will she be. since all of them had married her?” (Their way of poking fun at the Pharisaical belief of a resurrection. but of the living. (He does not deal with the issue deeply. the woman died. He just points out that they are all messed up. is contradictory to those verses that claim there will be a resurrection of the physical body from the grave. Thus. They are not trying to get at this Levitical law.. He will do.) 29Jesus answered them. and the God of Jacob‟? He is not the God of the dead. Jesus did not say that we would be like angels in that they are spirits. just that they do not marry. Isa 26:19. people neither marry nor are given in marriage but are like the angels in heaven. It is amazing that the God of the universe is calling Himself by the names of these three men. Note that He does not say that He was the God of. The Greatest Commandment (Mark 12:28-34. 28Now in the resurrection. He does not say that angels are sex-less. 15. ―the Scriptures‖: about the resurrection: Job 19:25-27.) 31As for the resurrection from the dead. “You are mistaken because you don‟t know the Scriptures or God‟s power. an expert in the Law. Gen 18:14). and finally with the rest of the brothers. not just that God is in the present tense. however.) 33When the crowds heard this. tested him by asking. They are ignorant of Holy Scripture and they have a darkened understanding of the power of God.Matthew second brother. 35One of them. Cf John 5:28–29. haven‟t you read what was spoken to you by God when he said. beings without physical bodies? According to Hebrews 1:14 angels have no physical bodies—they are spirits. instead He focuses on one issue. Therefore the dead definitely will be raised. Dan 12:2. 30because in the resurrection. they met together in the same place. they were amazed at his teaching. the Torah. The Sadducees did not accept the rest of the Old Testament. and then the third. Jesus does not attack a lot of things here. 27Finally. which Jesus addresses head on. not past. Luke 24:39. This is the error of the ungodly.. ―God‘s power‖: If He could create men from dust. This. Present tense. He draws upon the one common base that they all have.

Then we should do it.Matthew 37Jesus told him. and strength of the physical nature. there would be an automatic check on our selfish love. and with all your mind. Ps 2.) 38This is the greatest and most important commandment. Then we should try to imagine what it would be like if we showered that love on our neighbors. 39The second is exactly like it: „You must love your neighbor as yourself. Phylacteries are leather boxes containing Scriptures that are strapped to their left hand and to their foreheads. Rom 1:1-4. This means that man's fir st obligation is to love God with the totality of his being. until I put your enemies under your feet. Cf. He is called the Son of David.” (On this question hangs our entire life. Luke 20:45-47) 1Then Jesus told the crowds and his disciples.) 45If David calls him „Lord‟. (Meaning that they put themselves in the position of Moses‘ authority. The heart speaks of the emotional nature. 2“The scribes and the Pharisees administer the authority of Moses.) Matthew 23 Jesus Denounces the Scribes and the Pharisees (Mark 12:38-40.2.) 46No one could answer him at all. In this way. But He took on human form. The Jews wore phylacteries containing Deut 6:5.” A Question about David’s Son (Mark 12:35-37. they would be the first to espouse Moses as an . (Hereafter they would use another method—violence. Jesus asked them. “Sit at my right hand. Cf Mark 12:30. a descendant of David. For that reason. therefore David‘s Lord. 44„The Lord told my Lord. Rom 13:8-10. Love is the controlling principle: 2 Pet 1:4. Quoting Ps 110. or. of how much of our activity centers around the care and comfort of self. ―and with all your strength‖. the mind of the intellectual nature. and received His human body thru the ancestry of David. the soul of the volitional nature. with all your soul. how can he be his son?” (Christ is actually the Son of God.) 40All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments. Cf. Micah 5:2. Luke 20:41-44) 41While the Pharisees were still gathered.‟ (Quoting Lev 19:18. “„You must love the Lord your God with all your heart. 42“What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They told him.”‟? (This was God the Father speaking to God the Son. since we would have to love others this much too. We should think of how very much we do love ourselves. 1 John 3:14. and from that day on no one dared to ask him another question. ―Whose son is he?‖) 43He asked them. Mark's account adds the phrase.‟ (Quoting Deut 6:5. “David‟s. 5:1. “Then how can David by the Spirit call him „Lord‟ when he says.

The obvious meaning of the Savior's words is that in the kingdom of heaven all believers form an equal brotherhood with no place for distinctive titles setting one above another.) 6They love to have the places of honor at festivals. or My Lord. they are doing these things to be seen of men.‟ because you have only one teacher. because they don‟t do what they say. the Messiah! (The Lord warned His disciples against using distinctive titles which should be reserved for the Godhead.‖ nor a patient 's addressing his physician as ―Doctor. and a host of others.‟ because you have only one Father. scribes and Pharisees. Paul used them rightly in reference to those whom he had begotten through the gospel. and to be called „Rabbi‟ by people.) 4They tie up burdens that are heavy and unbearable and lay them on people‟s shoulders. We all are victims of cultural background or style of worship. their teachings were dependable. 22:1. Cf Acts 7:2. Their creed was better than their conduct. Jesus‘ point is that the Pharisees are doing all this for show.) 13“How terrible it will be for you. and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. Great Teacher.Matthew authority. He is not saying all that wear phylacteries are for show. but would not assist anyone in lifting these intolerable loads. Pharisees who exalt themselves will be brought low. but they refuse to lift a finger to remove them. (They made heavy demands on the people by their extreme interpretations of the letter of the law. They increase the size of their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels of their garments. (―Do as I say. (Once again the revolutionary character of the kingdom of heaven is seen in the fact that true greatness is exactly opposite to what people suppose. nor is He indicting some of the observances that were their cultural pattern or style of worship. rather than natural. and all of you are brothers. 9And don‟t call anyone on earth „Father. but stop doing what they do.) 5“They do everything to be seen by people. for outstanding teachers of the Law. (―Phylacteries‖: leather cases containing Scripture texts. This warning clearly applies to spiritual. (Jesus commanded His followers not to call any man ―father.‟ because you have only one teacher. you hypocrites! You shut the door to the . Jesus is referring to the condition of their heart. but their practice was not. (The word Rabbi was an honorary title which meant Lord. Father. the best seats in the synagogues. It was a case of high talk and low walk.‖ Generally. Deut 6:9. 7to be greeted in the marketplaces. Right Reverend. Master. not because of their love for God. They cherished their titles—Rabbi and Father. it does not prohibit a child's calling his parent ‖Father. ―Tassel of the garment‖ was a symbol of rank. 2 Tim 1:2). True disciples who humble themselves will be exalted in due time. the one in heaven.) 3So do whatever they tell you and follow it.‖) 11The person who is greatest among you must be your servant. not as I do. professional or academic relationships. Jesus condemned these titles because of their hypocrisy. For instance. Even the seemingly harmless ―Doctor‖ means teacher in Latin. Yet think of the pompous titles found in Christendom today: Reverend.) 8“But you are not to be called „Rabbi. 10Nor are you to be called „Teachers. Cf Ex 13:9-16. Cf 1 Corinthians 4:15. 12Whoever exalts himself will be humbled. True greatness stoops to serve.‖ The Pharisees loved to be seen and praised by men.

Most sinners will get the red flame hellfire and those who God considers more wicked will get the blue flame of hellfire. You don‟t go in yourselves. Two problems. you hypocrites! You devour widows‟ houses and say long prayers to cover it up. but the final result is evil. scribes and Pharisees. „Whoever swears an oath by the sanctuary is excused. the gold or the sanctuary that made the gold holy? (Why did Jesus call people fools and yet condemn others for doing the same thing? Mat 5:22. religious leaders are often the most active opponents of the gospel of grace. but there are degrees of said sin and death. in Matthew 5 . sometimes undiscerning believers.) 17You blind fools! What is more important. Also there will be degrees of judgment for certain sin. For example the person that steals a candy bar from the local store is not the same criminal as one who murdered three people for drugs. Same principle is applied with sin. They can be sweetly tolerant of everything but the good news of salvation.) 15“How terrible it will be for you. blind guides! You say. They went to unimaginable lengths to make one convert.) 14“How terrible it will be for you. as not all sin is the same sin and not everyone will receive the same judgment. The Lord denounced them for their casuistry. This should be Street Preaching 101.‖ Prov 28:9. Secondly. (―scribes. A modern analogy is the zeal of false cults. that they are preventing others from going in! Strangely. (The third charge against them is misdirected zeal. even with our land laws there are degrees of criminals. but different levels of decomposing. ―Greater condemnation‖: There are degrees of sin. but whoever swears an oath by the gold of the sanctuary must keep his oath. and when this happens you make him twice as fit for hell as you are. One group is willing to knock on 700 doors to reach one person for their cause.‖ not an unbeliever. Therefore. They had built up a false system of reasoning to evade the payment of vows. Jesus never harbored hatred toward those to whom He applied the term. much like there are degrees of bad fruit. one that they are missing it themselves. ―The most converted often become the most perverted. and you don‟t allow those who are trying to enter to go in. Bible aside. and two. it is used in the context of someone who is ―angry‖ with his brother. Natural man doesn't want to be the object of God's grace and doesn't want God to show grace to others. Thus. Both are offenders no doubt and have committed a crime. technically speaking. Firstly.‟ (See Mat 15:5. ) 16“How terrible it will be for you.Matthew kingdom from heaven in people‟s faces. All have sinned and as a result we will all die. scribes and Pharisees. As someone has said. Still bad fruit. His use of the term ―fool‖ does not violate His prohibition against calling others a fool. Pharisees and hypocrites‖ treated as synonyms. yet their crimes are not the same. It is very clear that there are degrees of judgment for the degrees of sin against God. Prayer of the wicked = abomination. or deliberate dishonest reasoning. Jesus only commanded that a ―brother‖ not be called a ―fool. In fact the scriptural description of a fool is one who . you will receive greater condemnation! (Some modern cults use a similar technique by getting elderly widows. to sign over their property to the ―church. as there are degrees. you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to make a single convert. indicating a hatred. but after he was won they made him twice as wicked as themselves.

In view of this. The gnat. you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your mint. was strained out by sucking the wine through the teeth. but ignored the truly important things. and thus. (During the feasts in Jerusalem. the one who swears an oath by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21The one who swears an oath by the sanctuary swears by it and by the one who lives there. it is tantamount to calling him an unbeliever. The gold of the temple took on special value only because it was associated with God's abode. (He is referring to the tithing of spices and grains. It is useless to appeal to technicalities to evade obligations.) 25“How terrible it will be for you. „Whoever swears an oath by the altar is excused.‖ it was a most appropriate description of what they really were. on the outside you look righteous to people. Man cannot escape his obligations by specious reasonings. Hence. 22And the one who swears an oath by heaven swears by God‟s throne and by the one who sits on it. but on the inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. (The fact is that whatever these Pharisees swore by. then the outside. Cf.) 23“How terrible it will be for you. John 2:25. they would whitewash the tombs so that they were marked. but grossly blind to enormous sins like hypocrisy. scribes and Pharisees. mercy. cruelty. the gift or the altar that makes the gift holy? (Addressing them as blind men. it becomes valuable only as it is used for God's glory. called unbelievers ―fools. but inside you are full of hypocrisy and . not be able to celebrate Passover. you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and the plate. you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs that look beautiful on the outside but inside are full of dead people‟s bones and every kind of impurity. Ps 14:1. one can see the seriousness of calling a brother a fool. scribes and Pharisees. those given to the Lord or in the Lord's Name have eternal value. so that a stranger would not inadvertently stumble upon a grave which would ceremonially make you unclean. but whoever swears by the gift that is on it must keep his oath. dill. when He who ―knew what was in every person‖.) 28In the same way. Vows are binding and promises must be kept. the things you say and do. but have neglected the more important matters of the Law: justice. a tiny insect that often fell into a cup of sweet wine.) 18Again you say. God was involved and they were obligated to fulfill the vow. These are the things you should have practiced. 24You blind guides! You filter out a gnat. Micah 6:8).) 20Therefore.‟ 19You blind men! Which is more important. will also be clean. your heart. dishonesty. and greed. trivia vs. and cummin. yet swallow a camel! (They placed such importance upon little things. the important traits: justice. then bolt down the largest unclean animal in Palestine! The Pharisees were infinitely concerned with minutiae. mercy and faith. Jesus exposed their sophistry. cf. without neglecting the others. scribes and Pharisees. 26You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup.) 27“How terrible it will be for you. Gifts given for carnal motives are valueless. People who think that gold has intrinsic value are blind. and faithfulness. so that its outside may also be clean. How ludicrous to take such care with the insignificant. It was the altar that gave value to the gift upon it. They had lost their sense of proportion. (First clean the inside.Matthew say to themselves `There is no God‘ ‖.

and must always be just. First. whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. then the time span from Abel to this Zechariah would not cover the OT period. died about 800 B. He would be the most likely candidate because the other Zechariah.‟ (This is what we might label outward homage. but actually it was a defiling experience because they were full of hypocrisy and iniquity. from the blood of the righteous Abel to the blood of Berechiah‟s son Zechariah.) 31Therefore. ―The only prophets we like are dead ones. Second. you children of serpents! How can you escape being condemned to hell? (Can Incarnate Love speak such scathing words? Yes. wise men. He knew that even as they were decorating the prophets' graves. you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous. „If we had been living in the days of our ancestors. in effect. shed the blood of the prophets. Gen 4:8. It is solemn to remember that these words of condemnation were hurled at religious leaders.Matthew lawlessness. scribes and Pharisees. because true love must also be righteous and holy. and his father is listed as Berechiah. you will fill up to the brim the cup containing the sins of your fathers until that measuring cup is full – until as much has been committed as God can possibly stand.C. In an ecumenical age when some evangelical Christians are joining forces with avowed enemies of the cross of Christ. you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. it is good to ponder the example of Jesus. of whom they were physical sons.) 35As a result. If one thinks Christ referred to this Zechariah. Isaiah: sawed asunder. Jeremiah: imprisoned in filthy dungeon. ―By slaying Me. they were saying. you will be held accountable for all the righteous blood shed on earth. and some of them you will whip in your synagogues and persecute from town to town. is unbiblical. The popular conception of Jesus as an innocuous reformer. But Jesus used the word descendants in the sense of meaning people with the same characteristics. Zechariah: slain between the porch and the altar. Did Jesus make a mistake in referring to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada rather than to Zechariah the son of Berechiah? See 2 Chr 24:20-21. 30Then you say. (―I‖: Jesus is doing the sending of the prophets. Cf Zech 1:1.D. (But how did they testify against themselves? It almost seems from the preceding verse that they dissociated themselves from their fathers who killed the prophets. they admitted that their fathers. which extended to . Love can be firm. in showing such respect for the dead prophets. they were plotting His death. 70. not at drunkards and reprobates. But then you must take the consequences. Some of them you will kill and crucify.) 29“How terrible it will be for you. son of Jehoiada. capable of no emotion but love.) 34“That is why I am sending you prophets. He was saying. (Men thought that contact with these religious leaders would be sanctifying.) 32Then finish what your ancestors started! (This was a prediction of what they were about to do to Jesus. (Cf. and scribes. This Zechariah is one of the minor prophets.‖ In this sense also they were descendants of their fathers. we would have had no part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets. inward homicide. The Zechariah referred to has to be the son of Berechiah.) 33You snakes.‖ And they have been taking the consequences ever since A.

„How blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!‟” (―until‖: Logical linkage. the triumph of all history. and the best view of the Temple is from the Mount of Olives. the tragedy of all history. 2.000 Jews into captivity.C. The purpose of all history: that God might gather His children together. it would not be too difficult to imagine two Zechariahs dying from similar circumstances.” (The horrendous slaughter and destruction of Jerusalem took place less than 40 years later. 37-39 summarizes all of history in three parts: 1. The Romans killed well over a million Jews during the siege. in A. The first few verses have to do with the Temple.) 38Look! Your house is left abandoned! (See Mat 24:1-2. Cf. all these things will happen to those living today.) 39I tell you. but you were unwilling! (v. the purpose of all history. his disciples came up to him to point out to him the Temple buildings. (―Jesus left the Temple‖: This movement is especially significant in view of the words He had just uttered in Mat 23:38. The Temple at that time was spectacular. Jerusalem. and drove almost 100. 37-39. the eight Woes of Chapter 23.) Matthew 24 Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13:1-2. but may also include the city of Jerusalem and the nation itself. Ps 118:26. then burned the city. The triumph of all history = the coming of the Lord Jesus. In Jewish reckoning there is no mourning as bitter as that for an only son.Matthew 400 B. The theme of Matthew can be seen in these verses … v. ―But you were unwilling‖: The tragedy of all history. Abel to Zechariah the son of Berechiah would make a much better sweep of the OT period than would the period from Abel to Zechariah the son of Jehoiada. Luke 21:5-6) 1As Jesus left the Temple and was walking away. A rabbi talking to His 12 Jewish disciples. One of the wonders of the world. 3. They left probably through the Golden . Zech 12:10. you will not see me again until you say.) 36I tell all of you with certainty. who kills the prophets and stones to death those who have been sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings. The context is intensely Jewish. their background is in Judaism. 70. Primarily the house here is the temple. He has just gotten through denouncing the leadership of Judaism . Since many Zechariahs are mentioned in the OT. The next time the inhabitants of Jerusalem would see Him after His death would be when they would look on Him whom they pierced and mourn for Him as one mourns for an only son.D.) Jesus Rebukes Jerusalem (Luke 13:34-35) 37“O Jerusalem.

it appears that Christ gave the prophecy recorded there. He is obviously prophesying about the destruction of Jerusalem. Famines. so the Roman soldiers to recover the enormous wealth of gold. when will these things take place.” (These men would very likely think that although things may change. and Andrew – asked Him privately to explain more fully what He had said in front of the Temple.Matthew Gate on the eastern edge of the Temple Mount. Thus. on the Mount of Olives. “Tell us. the disciples came to him privately and said.600. ―Temple buildings‖: These were the pride of every Jew. John and Andrew were sufficiently interested to question Jesus abouth His startling statements in front of the Temple. and Earthquakes (Mark 13:3-13. Don‘t confuse the Temple with the Temple Mount. James. to all who were standing near Him outside the Temple. don‟t you? I tell all of you with certainty. They will all be torn down. these four disciples approached Him to ask for more details concerning His brief . “You see all these things. In fact it appears that it was not even a discussion where all 12 were present! It is a very intimate private insight that Jesus will share with them. Luke 21:8-11. They then plowed the ground level. not one stone was left upon another of the Temple. At the Temple. Luke 21:6-7. there isn‟t a single stone here that will be left standing on top of another. they sowed it with salt‖. Now. He answered their question in Luke 21:12-24. Perhaps in Gethsemane. James. which is to occur 38 years later by Titus Vespasian and four Roman Legions. which is still there. They wanted the inside. when Christ had left the Temple and was on His way to Bethany. He sat down. about which He has just told them. and since it had already been sown with its defenders‘ blood. having reached the top of the Mount of Olives. Note that this discussion was NOT open to the public. According to Luke 21:7. Afterward. This prophecy had to strike them as being extremely unlikely. partially in a frenzied search for every last piece of the gold ornamentation melted in the awful heat of the fire. Or perhaps they were higher on the peak where they could really see the city. dismantle the Temple stone by stone. the Temple would never go away. 70: ―They carried away every stone of the sacred temple. the retaining wall. It was at this location that four of Jesus‘ disciples – Peter. Historian Josephus wrote of the temple‘s destruction by Romans in A. Revolutions. an olive grove at the base of the Mount of Olives. also adding some details about His second coming.D.000 inhabitants.) 2But he told them. and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” (Mark 13:3 reveals that only Peter. Christ was approached twice that day by His disciples concerning some amazing statements He had just made.) Cults. which causes the gold to melt. the people listening had asked Jesus what would alert them of the impending destruction of the Temple. They set fire to the Temple. They lay siege to Jerusalem and level it. slaughtering 1. full story. John. the prophecy was very literally fulfilled. 25-32. Luke 21:7-19) 3While Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives.

The first such time in world history occurred during the years of World War 1 … 1914-1918… and immediately following. and that is by the power of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God. Luke 21:25-28. or even between kingdoms. He is asked for a sign that would alert them concerning the end of the age and of His returning in power and great glory. only your walk with the Lord and guidance by the Spirit in the Word of God. which took place in A. „I‟m the Messiah. Even though false Christs arose in that era. but rather the consummation of the age.) 8But all these things are only the beginning of the birth pains.) 6You‟ll hear of wars and rumors of wars. Many nations rising up against many other nations 2. 7because nation will rise up in arms against nation. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. As He stood before the Temple. The world doesn‘t end there. as the end is fast approaching. and kingdom against kingdom. Famines 4. These things must take place. Labor pains begin slowly. The end of the age is not the end of the world.‟ and they will deceive many people.) 5because many will come in my name and say. remember Acts 17:11. In front of the Temple. including Josephus. Those phenomena would be: 1. See to it that you aren‟t alarmed. Jesus had been asked for a sign that would alert them that the great Temple building was about to be destroyed. No hope in intellect or head knowledge. a double fulfilment of this prophecy. (The Lord again warns His followers.D. of possible deception. Wars between nations. Earthquakes in various places. Satan is attractive in his ability to weave enticing doctrines. They finally realized that the Lord is going to return. but increasingly so in the present day. The approach of the end of the age would see several phenomena on the earth occurring at the same time. as is true of many other prophecies. as He had in front of the Temple. Luke 21:7. History has recorded famines at various times. No doubt. And today. Whose primary mission involves deceiving? Satan. his strategy in achieving them is to deal in counterfeits. Jesus dealt with the subject of the destruction of Jerusalem.) 4Jesus answered them. but the end hasn‟t come yet. Several historians. There have been earthquakes in the past. Now. Jesus tells His disciples. there are many men claiming to be Jesus Christ. 70. to be awaiting a specific time during which all of these phenomena would be in evidence at the same time. Kingdoms rising against kingdoms 3. increase in intensity and increase in frequency. is to be expected. is and has been a common occurrence. however. (How do you prevent someone from deceiving you? You stay in the Word. yet things do change radically at this point. their numbers will continue to increase. Some of the people were deceived by these men. (―kingdom‖ is a group of nations. Which is remarkable when you realize that they haven‘t really understood that He is going to leave yet. wrote that there arose a number of imposters claiming to be the Messiah between the time of Christ‘s resurrection and the destruction of Jerusalem. “See to it that no one deceives you. There is only one way to avoid being trapped by enticing doctrines.” (Jesus now tells His followers how they could discern when the world was actually entering into the beginning of the birth pains that would bring about the rebirth of Israel and ultimately the establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth.Matthew mention of His second coming. While Satan has many goals. World War 1 .

You are obeying Me as your Lord. the One chosen. Acts 16:31. hundreds of thousands had been involved. implies. at the time of the beginning of the birth pains. In other conflicts. Shortly after this the nations and kingdoms of the world chose sides and entered the war. . Widespread famine in many areas followed World War 1. Apostasy. Never before had so many nations risen up against other nations and kingdoms against other kingdoms – all involved in the same war. anointed and blessed by God – the coming King of all the earth. When you get to Heaven.Matthew broke out when the heir apparent to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian zealot. and Evangelism (Mark 13:9-13. was evidently the beginning of the birth pains that would give rebirth to Israel and eventually give birth to God‘s Kingdom on earth. to tell of their final persecution in the end time. four years later. at that time. In addition to being hated.) Future Persecution. But following the beginning of World War 1. there have already been more martyrs of the Christian faith that the total of all previous Christian martyrs. The time is coming when every true Christian thruout the world will be a marked person. because you believe and are living all that My name. but in World War 1 there were tens of millions in uniform. In the days ahead. Earthquakes not only took their toll but have occurred with increasing frequency thruout the world from that time until now. Hostilities between the two countries over this incident resulted in Austria declaring war on Serbia one month later. Luke 21:12-19) 9“Then they‟ll hand you over to suffer and will kill you. the Lord prophesied imminent persecution for His followers. Multiplied thousands upon thousands were martyred during those years. It was a vastly greater conflict than had ever before been waged on earth. the Lord Jesus Christ. This last attack on Christians would correspond to the beginning of the birth pains. The word ―then‖ means. then. This verse is another example of the twos of the Bible. and you believe Me to be the Christ. it may very likely cost you tribulation and death. But the end is not yet. It costs something to be a Christian. as recorded in Luke 21:12-19. But your resurrection to eternal life will be worth being hated and killed a million times over for your Lord and Savior. In His discourse in front of the Temple. Here He goes beyond their immediate future. This was nation against nation. It has been rightly said. at the return of Christ … cf Isaiah 66:7-9 … but in 1948 she came to full birth as a nation in modern times. Christians have been persecuted since the time of Christ. as well. you are trusting Me as your Savior. Before the war had ended. World War 1. It was during World War 1 that the wheels were set in motion to bring about the rebirth of Israel as a nation. the meaning of the name Jesus. and especially during the first 300 years following His crucifixion and resurrection. (This means. and you‟ll be hated by all the nations because of my name. Israel will one day be born spiritually as a nation. the Lord won‘t look you over for degrees but for s cars. 43 of the principle nations of the world had entered the conflict.

then the Lord will return and send him to his place. That day is fast approaching. we have the prophecy that the Antichrist will make a 7-year pact with many. And when he has finally succeeded in conquering them. however. Dan 9:27.Matthew followers of Jesus are likely to be martyred by the hundreds of thousands and by the millions in days to come.) 12and because lawlessness will increase. Luke 21:20-24) 15“So when you see the destructive desecration. standing in the Holy Place (let the reader take note). In the middle of the 7-year period. 12:11. 11:32-35. The Gospel is again going forth thruout the whole world with emphasis on the Kingdom message – that Christ must be made Lord and King in one‘s life. (There have been false prophets from the beginning of the early Church. (This passage puts endurance as a requirement for salvation! Matthew 10:22) 14And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the world as a testimony to all nations. then the end will come. however. this prophecy of Jesus is being fulfilled – this time on a much larger scale. and many other modern means. 11Many false prophets will appear and deceive many people. . personal witness. our Lord‘s prophecy that they will deceive many is also coming true. (See God‘s warning to such in. was preached to all the then-known-world by the time of the destruction of Jerusalem in A.) 13But the person who endures to the end will be saved. Daniel 7:20-22.) 10Then many people will fall away. and the Great News about the coming new and wonderful Kingdom of our Lord on earth.) Signs of the End (Mark 13:14-23.” (The Great News about salvation thru Jesus Christ. and thruout the centuries. Today. as the present age is ending. radio. television. We do read of an idol in reference to Antichrist in Revelation 13:14-15. Once again. Revelation 19:11-21. 12:7b. 8:24. See also Mark 13:9-13. No doubt their number will continue to increase. and about His Kingdom. A reading of these Scriptures will reveal that Antichrist will wage war against all true followers of the Lord when he comes on the scene. in Revelation 3:16. false cults and false prophets are literally flooding the land and the world in a greater than ever tide. he will break this treaty and cause his abominable image to stand in the Temple area in Jerusalem to be worshiped. this parenthetical statement may have also been uttered by Jesus. the printed page. 70. will betray one another. 11:31. and will hate one another. After the Gospel of the Kingdom has been proclaimed world-wide. Reference is made to this idol image more than once. as the Gospel is now being broadcast world-wide by preaching. (Cf.D. and then the end will come. 25. Revelation 13:7. the love of many people will grow cold. Included among the false prophets are those preachers who are preaching an easy way to Heaven – which will not get you there! Sadly. mentioned by the prophet Daniel. No one is beyond the reach of God to present the gospel to them. Here He authenticates the book of Daniel being written by no other than Daniel and notes that Daniel was a prophet! From these verses in Daniel and from Revelation 11:1-2.

Our Lord‘s warning here indicates that it is only those who flee immediately and directly who will escape. 15:2. Nevertheless. Anyone going back to the house to assist others or to save any material thing will no doubt lose his life. Those in the fields are to head for the mountains without returning home. (Jews living in Judea at this time are hereby warned by our Lord that when this happening is announced by radio. From Daniel 8:11-14.) 17Anyone who‟s on the housetop must not come down to get what is in his house. Antiochus Epiphanes sent General Appollonius with 22.000 soldiers to Jerusalem. and killing and offering pigs upon their altar. and then attacked and plundered the city. A statue of Zeus was also erected in the Temple area. Mark 13:14. everyone will be prepared. But Jesus said here that the primary fulfilment of Daniel‘s prophecy is yet future. But the time is now near at hand for the fulfilment of this ―destructive desecration‖ and the Lord is making known to His people the true meaning of what will actually occur. (This passage is addressed to those living in Judea. They then desecrated the altar of burnt offerings by building an altar dedicated to Zeus upon it. 19:20. ―When you see. and may prepare to heed our Lord‘s strong warning to flee to the hills when the desecration of the altar takes place and the abominable thing is erected in its place. Concerning the understanding of these things in the last days. 12:11.) 18and anyone who‟s in the field must not turn back to get his coat. or seen on television…the altar removed and the image of the Antichrist erected… they are to flee out of the country without stopping for anything. (The housetop is typically a patio. those in Judea are to leave urgently! Time spent in gathering belongings might mean the difference between life and death. Only those who flee absolutely immediately will escape. ―The insightful‖ refers to the true followers of Christ. The Jews will have built their Temple in Jerusalem by this time. Daniel 11:31. It would be wise for believing families in Israel to discuss flight plans ahead of time so that when this terrible event occurs. 20:4. Be sure to read Zechariah 14:1-7 in regard to this. The meaning of the words ―destructive desecration‖ have been obscure and not really understood thruout the centuries.. Their refusal to bow to the image would be quickly detected. Be sure to read Daniel 8:11-14 in connection with this.‖: How would one see this abomination without actually being in the Holy of Holies? Only the High Priest was allowed in the Holy of Holies and only once a year after extensive ceremonies! Perhaps implying live television?) 16then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains. In 168 B. Not even to pack your bags. Only a small portion of the Jews will escape. Any person within a house is not to go to another part of the same house to take a single thing with him.C. 16:2. and the practice of sacrificing animals on the altar will have commenced again. we discover that evidently what this ―destructive desecration‖ refers to is that when Antichrist turns against the Jews in Jerusalem … Isaiah 33:7-9 … in the middle of his 7-year treaty. ‖ Cf Daniel 12:10. The destruction coming upon Israel at that time will be sudden and terrible. the insightful will understand. pretending to come peacefully. so that believing Jews in Israel may know what to expect.Matthew See Revelation 14:9-11. he will blast the altar of sacrifice out of the way and cause his image to stand there in its place. Only . our Lord told Daniel “And none of the wicked will understand.. Revelation 13:14-15.

For other Scriptures concerning Israel‘s flight into the wilderness in Jordan see Isaiah 26:20 -21.) 21because at that time there will be great suffering. secret Coming. there would be no life left on earth. 13-17. From the time of the destruction in Jerusalem until Jesus returns in power and glory to rule over this world as King of kings and Lord of lords. and genocides of history. faithful and immediate heed to the Lord‘s warning to flee the country will no doubt ensure escape. You will not be able to miss His Coming if you tried.Matthew those few who are willing to drop everything and flee according to the Lord‘s instructions will be saved. 33:2-3. the kind that hasn‟t happened from the beginning of the world until now and certainly won‟t ever happen again. Revelation 12:1-6. 41:10-20. pogroms. with so much loss of life. don‟t believe it. So the Lord warns all disciples not to believe reports of a local. Zechariah 10:11. The elect are all the chosen of God. (In an atmosphere of crisis. He has already determined that this time will be a short time. God will evidently curtail the frightful devastation and slaughter on the earth in some way so that mankind is not completely blotted from the face of the earth. 44:1-7. if possible. The Man of Sin will be given satanic power . approximately 3½ years will pass. whether Jew or Gentile. Events will not be allowed to run their natural course. Though it is unlikely that the period of 3½ years will be shortened. Ezekiel 20:35-38. Let the people of Israel take notice! The Lord encourages you to pray that this hour of flight will not come during the winter when the weather would make the escape most difficult.) 24because false messiahs and false prophets will appear and display great signs and wonders to deceive. that unless that time were limited. Even in such cases. (This description isolates the period from all the inquisitions. (The tribulation will be so devastating. or everyone on earth would be killed. (They will do miracles. Jeremiah 30:4-9.) 22If those days hadn‟t been limited. But for the sake of the elect. „Look! Here‟s the Messiah!‟ or „There he is!‟. however. Hosea 2:14-15. This flight from Judea and Jerusalem will be particularly difficult for women with children and for any woman who is about to give birth to a child. God will show this mercy for the sake of His elect. even the elect.) 19“How terrible it will be for women who are pregnant or who are nursing babies in those days! (A logistic problem. Christ will not come in hiding. 14:3-7. They are those persons who truly love Him. Mark 13:14-23.) 23“At that time. But these will be 3½ years of the most terrifying tribulation the world has ever known. Micah 5:3. if anyone says to you. Luke 17:26-37. purges. massacres. A Sabbath day's journey would not be enough to take them out of the danger area. (Only a problem if you are Jewish. Such reports could be used to trap those who sincerely and lovingly look for Christ. This prophecy could not have been fulfilled by any previous persecutions because it is clearly stated that it will be ended by the Second Coming of Christ. those days will be limited. See verses 21-22.) 20Pray that it may not be in winter or on a Sabbath when you flee. reports will circulate that the Messiah is in some secret location. miracles can be satanic in origin. no one would survive. and obey and serve Him. and to also pray that it not be on the Sabbath day when the orthodox Jew is allowed to travel less than a mile. Even those who perform miracles are not necessarily from God. 13:8-9. 12:10. In God‘s future plans.

290 days for the time of the tribulation. Then in the very next verse. there the vultures will gather. that His second coming will be neither secret nor humble. because they will perform great signs and wonders. „Look! He‟s in the wilderness. as He warned about them in front of the Temple. 26So if they say to you. no matter how convincing his arguments or the display of signs and wonders.‟ don‟t go out looking for him.Matthew to perform miracles. ―If possible. the stars will fall from the sky. public. though not many. a second time. Jesus definitely states. As previously stated. false Christs appeared a few years after Christ‘s resurrection. „The sun will be darkened. See the following verses 29-31. Rather. at the beginning of this discourse. and verses 12-17 reveal what will take place at this momentous time in history. And if they say. Daniel 12:11-12 … which is to follow the Battle of Armageddon. These signs and wonders will be so convincing that even the elect will almost be fooled. and this time given power by him. even to pretending to be Christ. These are human vultures. I‟ve told you this beforehand. Christ's Coming will be unmistakable—it will be sudden.) 28Wherever there‟s a corpse. only by the grace of God. and glorious. the moon will not give its light. They will evidently be inspired by Satan. and the powers of heaven will be shaken loose. Elect is protected: 1 John 2:20. „Look! He‟s in the storeroom. even the elect‖ implies that it is not possible. the Messiah. however. earthquake. 27because just as the lightning comes from the east and flashes as far as the west. the glory and brightness of His person and power will be seen from one end of the heavens to the other. and fire … evidently 45 days.‟ (Refer to Revelation 6:12-17 for a vivid description of what will take place immediately after the tribulation and the Battle of Armageddon. Revelation 6 gives an overview of end-time happenings. viewing as well this world age in its death throes. will appear. may continue for a longer period than . (Christ showed His deep concern about false Christs. they will go to any lengths in their attempt to further their own self interests. And when these human vultures see Israel in distress and tribulation. Luke 21:25-28) 29“Immediately after the troubles of those days. verse 12. It is very possible that this darkness and the other judgments here will affect the earth and the heavens for a period of some 45 days following Armageddon.335 days!‖ That is 45 days later. and now again.) 25Remember. (This verse has nothing to do with the Battle of Armageddon.) The Coming of the Son of Man (Mark 13:24-27. Daniel 12:11 gives us 1. so will be the coming of the Son of Man.. So this judgment of darkness. he states: ―Blessed is the one who perseveres and attains to the 1. Cf 2 Thess 2:9-10. Christ ill not appear in resurrected form until after the time of darkness. and now again. false Christs. many of them. before Christ appers in the heavens. Those who are alive on earth during the coming days of sorrow need to be warned again and again to believe no one who claims to be Christ. etc.‟ don‟t believe it. universal. as many believe.

spoiled= Col 2:15.Matthew most Bible students have previously believed. Zech 12:10. Then there are those who believe that Christ will not call His own to Himself until the moment described in verses 30-31. and they‟ll gather his elect from the four winds. that we read about in Revelation 11:15-17 and 1 Corinthians 15:51-52. According to this Scripture. from one end of heaven to another. ―The stars will fall from the sky‖ may refer to meteorites crashing into the earth in horrendous judgment. (Cf. Haggai 2:6. 9-11. All the people on earth will mourn. One of the Scriptures used in support of their contention is 1 Corinthians 15:51-53. but a time of great joy and triumph for those who in all sincerity have surrendered their lives to Christ as their Lord and Savior. or shortly thereafter. the Rapture will . The despised Carpenter of Nazareth will come as King of kings and Lord of lords. See Isa 40:5. How much better to be with the Lord than to go thru the Great Tribulation! Those who believe that Christians will go thru the Tribulation.. ―Powers of Heaven . of course.) 31He‟ll send out his angels with a loud trumpet blast. Paul also refers to this time in 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18 and 2 Thessalonians 1:7. or immediately after. however. Others believe the Lord will take His own from the earth near the middle of the last 7 years of the age. 2 Pet 2:4. or just previous to that battle. But what a frightful day of consternation and woe that day will be for the ungodly! Revelation 6:15-17. 12. It will be a time of frightful judgment for those still upon the earth. Rev 1:7-8. Mat 26:64. 21. This is indeed the last blast of the 7th trumpet. Dan 7:13-14. Zech 2:10-13. Luk 21:27. Isa 13:9-14. and all „the tribes of the land will mourn‟ when they see „the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven‟ with power and great glory. because only those who have refused Christ as Savior and refused Him the lordship of their lives will be left on earth. This will herald the beginning of the reign of the Son of God upon earth as King of kings and Lord of lords! Being that both Christ and the Apostle Paul state that it is at this time that the Rapture will take place. And this is the last trumpet prophesied to sound during the age of grace. Mar 13:24-26. It would be easiest. have some very convincing Scriptures to support their views.shaken‖: Eph 6:12. Hebrews 12:26. 3:16. Satan is the Prince of the Power of the Air. Joel 2:10. What a great and glorious day that will be when Christ comes to earth in His majestic display of power and great glory to receive His Kingdom! What a wonderful moment! The One who was spit upon and crucified will be vindicated as the Lord of life and glory. if the 1st possibility were correct. or at least thru the 1st part of it. The sacrificial Lamb will descend as the conquering Lion.” (The Apostle Paul refers to this time in 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 when he refers to the Rapture of the Church taking place at the sounding of the last trumpet. He will come in regal power and splendor—the moment for which creation has groaned for thousands of years. Still others believe this great event will not take place until Christ returns in power and glory at the Battle of Armageddon. 34:4. His chariots will be the clouds of heaven. Cf. Acts 1:9-11.) 30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. The meek and lowly Jesus will appear as the Lord Himself. 19:11-16. why would anyone expect it to happen before? Many Christians believe that Christ will have taken His own people to be with Himself before the Great Tribulation. All others by this moment will have been raptured to be with Christ.

and that it is then that ―his angels will gather his elect‖. proving that we are truly born again. 5 to 16:21. Matthew 24:29. and especially if we are to go thru the Tribulation. people the world over will be included in this great event. or shortly thereafter. Whether or not the sound of the trumpet will be a literal sound upon earth is not revealed. the only remaining possibility concerning the timing of the Rapture would be its occurrence after the end of the 7 years of the tribulation period. then there must be a trumpet blast which will follow. As to a possible Rapture of the Church before the Tribulation. The mid and post-tribulationists point out that if the last trumpet spoken of in 1 Corinthians is not the 7th and last trumpet of Revelation. if such be His will. The parable of the good grain and tares … Mat 13:30 … will thus be fulfilled. and fire from Heaven. in which case we must make sure that we truly love. and are ready to go to be with Him. obey. Every true child of God who has died since the beginning of time will be resurrected. It will be a time of tribulation for the nation of Israel. proponents support their view with such Scriptures as 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10. during the time of darkness. at Armageddon. great hailstones. On the other hand. Also. and serve Him. But also. and in the judgments that follow. But the time of the Rapture is not the all-important thing – getting . We can hope to be with the Lord during the time of Great Tribulation on earth. 15:1. 36-40. and especially at the very end. This 7th trumpet will very likely continue to blow – at least in Heaven – for 3½ years. God‘s chosen ones. and for all upon earth at that time who are true believers in Christ. Returning to verse 31 in Matthew 24. Christ so plainly said in Matthew 24:29-31 that ―immediately after the troubles of those days‖ there will be ―a loud trumpet blast‖. the last 3½ years of this seven will be the time of God‘s judgment upon the ungodly on the earth. earthquakes. we must be ready and willing to suffer and die the martyr‘s death for the sake of our Lord. and then as described in verse 31. which period is known as the 7 years of the Great Tribulation. the angels will gather the good grain. and use that as an excuse to put off getting right with the Lord until the Tribulation begins. 2 Peter 3:1012. we dare not believe in a post-tribulation Rapture of Christ‘s true Church. The evil will be harvested first. Every true Christian still living upon the earth will be caught up to be with the Lord. Those who say that the Rapture of the Church will occur in the middle of the 7 years believe the Church will be raptured when this last trumpet begins to blow. because it is definitely called ―the last trumpet‖. Cf Rev 11:15. The more severe part of the Tribulation will occur during the last 3½ years. If there should be a trumpet to follow the 7th trumpet of Revelation. The proponents of a mid-tribulation Rapture point out correctly that the 7th trumpet begins to blow in the middle of the last 7 years of the age.Matthew take place at the sound of the last trumpet. This is a very strong Scripture in their favor. 2 Thessalonians 1:8. even today. Revelation 6:12-14. The last trumpet mentioned in the book of Revelation is the 7th trumpet which brings forth the 7 vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. Cf Mat 13:24-30. during the Battle of Armageddon – and following this battle. because God‘s time for you to leave this life may be as soon as today! But after all is said about the possibilities. the last trumpet. Another Scripture the mid and post-tribulation rapturists use is 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12.

―and all the trees‖. when people see these prophecies of Jesus beginning to take place.. 33In the same way. (Many claim that the fig tree here is symbolic of the Jewish nation. When one sees the trees of the forest and field putting forth leaves. But that generation did not live to see all of these things take place. These are the ones who will see the final events that will lead up to the return of Christ. When its branches become tender and it produces leaves. We believe it is this generation that witnessed the beginning of the end. According to Jesus' clear indication. God is able to ensure that His written Word. they can know that the time of His coming is near.) 35Heaven and earth will disappear. The only possible conclusion is that this generation refers to the generation living when these end time happenings begin to happen. still living today. living at the time when these things begin to come to pass. you‟ll know that the Son of Man is near. in fact. thereby must be observant Jews. will positively not pass away before all of these things have taken place. he knows that summer is close at hand. the Bible. (It refers to the whole discussion about His Coming. and thruout the Bible. that was born when the birth pangs of the end of the age began. It will be so imminent that this generation.” (These things are so certain to come to pass that our Lord declares that even though it is true that the heavens and the earth will in time pass away. will endure. Likewise. So be absolutely sure that you are truly born again. Meaning the whole scenario will occur in one lifetime. when you see all these things. will positively not pass away. Luke 21:29-33) 32“Now learn a lesson from the fig tree. these words of His in this prophecy. but my words will never disappear. Jesus' statement was simply a matter of everyday understanding. His words will be fulfilled to the very letter. If this is what the verse means then it is being redundant as He has already noted that the Jews have to be around to fulfill these prophecies: e. It is today's older generation! So the end is rapidly approaching. the older generation of today will not die out until all things are fulfilled. this generation won‟t disappear until these things happen. you know that summer is near.Matthew right with God and being truly born again is what really matters. the end must be very near! Some claim that the words ―this generation‖ in v 34 refer to the generation living when Christ spoke these words. Remember that this whole discourse is in response to His disciples‘ question. See verses 7-8. But such an interpretation fails in light of the fact that Luke 21:29 adds. He says. He was referring to the stellar and atmospheric heavens—the blue firmament above us—not to that heaven . that When you see all these things beginning to happen.g. If such is the case. for the Temple to be desecrated it must be consecrated. They certainly did not see the events that will follow the Great Tribulation. In speaking of heaven passing away.) 34I tell all of you with certainty. It is the older generation. right at the door.) The Lesson from the Fig Tree (Mark 13:28-31. realize that the end is near. right at the door.

Genesis 6-8.‖ Apparently. see also Dan 7:25. Dan 12:11. but only the Father. Mark 13:32.) 38In those days before the flood. (Our Lord does not tell us that we will not know the approximate time of His coming. that the Lord is comparing wickedness in Noah's day to wickedness in the days of His coming. Though warned that a flood was coming. He may simply be saying that life will go on as usual. getting married and giving their daughters in marriage. so it will be when the Son of Man comes. But He does state that nobody but the Father knows the day or the hour when He will return. In other words. The intervention of the occult in the end times would be consistent with this view of the days of Noah. even as it did just prior to the great flood. Rev 12:14.the Old Testament term for angels. This should warn against the temptation to set dates or to believe those who do. People will be eating and drinking. When it came. Cf Dan 9:27.27 and continuing through verse 37. on one hand. the earth was destroyed by the great flood—God's judgment on the shocking wickedness of people upon the earth.) 37because just as it was in the days of Noah. it seems that those familiar with the prophecy may be able to know the year. It may be. Cf. Cf 2 Cor 12:2-4. and the daughters of men. the strange creatures that this gave rise to is entrapped in our own myths and legends. They had unnatural offspring called ―the Fallen Ones. they lived as if they were flood-proof. even on the very day that judgment from God strikes. See Gen 6:1-5. they are finite creatures with limited knowledge. etc. people were eating and drinking. Dan 12:7. While those living prior to Christ's return will not know its day or hour. that it will be approximately three and one-half years after the idol image is set up in the temple. because He has given us all kinds of signs and indications to look for which will indicate that the time is drawing near. (In the days of Noah. On the other hand. Rev 13:5. Luke 17:26. for instance.Matthew which is the dwelling place of God. Rev 11:2-3. and the Flood as a bona fide historical event.) 39They were unaware of what was happening until the flood came and swept all of them away. the Demi-gods of ancient Greek mythology. nor the Son. That‟s how it will be when the Son of Man comes. the Sons of God . The dissolution of the heaven and the earth is described in 2 Pet 3:10-13 and mentioned again in Rev 20:11.) The Unknown Day and Hour of Messiah’s Return (Mark 13:32-37. they went through the routines of life as if they were going to live forever. Luke 17:20-36) 36“No one knows when that day or hour will come —not the angels in heaven. They will know. (There was indeed something very supernatural going on in the Days of Noah between the B‘nai Elohim. . We are not surprised that angels do not know. (Jesus referred to Noah as an actual historical person. There is nothing wrong with marrying or eating. marrying and giving in marriage right up to the day when Noah went into the ark. His point is that things were business as usual. Some believe that this will happen again in the end times from this and other passages. Even Christ did not know. Don‘t misunderstand what He is saying.

Many people will be destroyed in these final judgments. both preceding and following Armageddon. Revelation 16:20. and one will be left behind. Satan. he had it sitting in his driveway for over 120 years! The ark stood as a witness to the world that a flood was coming! Jesus‘ point here is that they ignored the signs. and one will be left behind. It certainly appears that judgment is the theme. crashing meteorites. in order that the earth might be replenished during the Millennium. In verses 37-39 Christ referred to the previous judgment by water. two people will be in the field. 41Two women will be grinding grain at the mill. It is evident that even this final judgment will come as a surprise to most people still living on the earth. to catch Satan by surprise! Cf.) 43But be sure of this: if the owner of the house had known when during the night the thief would be coming. that this is a continuation of the judgment scene of the previous verses. The Lord promised in Genesis 8:20-22. The thief is coming to take that which He has already purchased. One will be taken. Only those who are in Christ. Isaiah 2:2-4. however. 1 Thess 5:2-4. 9:8-17 that He would never again destroy the earth with a flood. and compared that event with the future judgment of this world by fire.) 42“So keep on watching. must . he would have stayed awake and not allowed his house to be broken into. No man knows the day or the hour. and the mountains will be leveled as rolling hills. The next judgment will be by fire. outside the only place of safety. During these days of awful judgment upon the earth. the ark of safety. while others in the same place will be spared. will be delivered. So some will be taken in death and some will be left. It would seem. 2 Peter 3:5-12. etc.. Malachi 4:1-3. etc. Revelation 6:12-17. That is just the way it will be when Christ returns. we are expected to anticipate His Second Coming. because you don‟t know on what day your Lord is coming. (The householder is actually a usurper. there are degrees of wickedness and rebellion. Rom 11:25. Many have believed that these verses speak of the Rapture of the Church before the Great Tribulation—the true Christian being taken from the earth and the unbeliever left. The householder is the god of this world. God will be cleansing the earth by fire and remaking it by earthquakes. The righteous Lord in His infinite wisdom will be quite able to choose those to be taken in death at this time and those to be left to live during the Millennium. Nahum 1:5. Noah did not just build the Ark. The Lord will have blinded their eyes because of their determination to continue in their sin. (The two men in the field and the two women grinding at the mill with the one taken and the other left would appear to speak of judgment. (Cf. too. following the Battle of Armageddon.) 40At that time. It is impossible to determine for sure the exact meaning of those taken and those left. The thief in the night is Jesus Christ! The Second Coming is the only thing not timed. Just what criteria the Lord will use at this time to choose between those taken and those left is not revealed. if you are a child of the light. 2 Peter 3:5-14. Even among unbelievers. The resultant renovated earth will contain no more islands.Matthew they were unprepared. earthquake. They will not recognize the time in which they live as being the time just previous to the end of the world as we know it today.) 44So you. 5-10 tells you that He won‘t come as a surprise to you. 1 Thess points out two distinct classes: those of the light and those of the darkness. great hailstones. One will be taken.

The servant of the Lord who lives in sin was either never really converted in the sense of having his life changed—being truly born again—which is the only kind of conversion recognized by the Lord. is the faithful and wise servant whom his master has put in charge of his household to give the others their food at the right time? 46How blessed is that servant whom his master finds doing this when he comes! (A servant lives in a state of readiness. will undoubtedly find death and judgment falling upon him before he expects it. later straightening himself out. It will pay great dividends to always watch and be ready to meet the Lord. he somehow lost out to the temptations of the flesh and the devil. all Christians are to be pastors to each other. The Lord promises rewards to all of His faithful servants who give His household spiritual food at the proper time. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. According to Scripture. The one who thinks he can get by for a time with sin. as well. „My master has been delayed. he will put him in charge of all his property. because the Son of Man will come at an hour you are not expecting him. There is urgent need to be ready for His coming at all times.” (Some Christians. (Added opportunity implies added responsibility.Matthew be ready. 50that servant‟s master will come on a day when he doesn‟t expect him and at an hour that he doesn‟t know. will no doubt find his Lord coming for him at a time when least expected. to give guidance and leadership to fellow Christians.‟ 49and begins to beat his fellow servants and eat and drink with the drunks. to challenge. His end will come . We have no promise of a sure tomorrow on this earth. The Lord meant exactly what He said. God's call on your life will no doubt come at a time when you least expect it. seem to have little concern for the fact that Christ may call them from this world at any moment to appear before Him. nor for his or her individual life.) 47I tell all of you with certainty. So much is at stake in so many lives. Such a life has the reward now of peace of mind and real assurance of eternal life—and later—eternal rewards. Each follower of Jesus is admonished to encourage and strengthen. especially verse 43. before repenting.” (These verses also speak of judgment. and to help others to be ready. 51Then his master will punish him severely and assign him a place with the hypocrites.) 48“But if that wicked servant says to himself. to make sure we are living in the will of our Lord. or if converted. to rebuke. then. Verse 47 indicates that the rewards for faithful service will be great indeed. including some pastors. We must be ready to meet Him now— today! The ungodly person who trusts that he has time to continue in his sinning. No one knows with absolute certainty God's timetable for this world. to all who profess to know Christ as Lord and Savior.) The Faithful or the Wicked Servant (Luke 12:42-48) 45“Who. We need to watch our lives. The warning is issued. Let's not dare to twist our Lord's words here to fit our socalled system of theology. while his Lord is absent.

because our lamps are going out!‟ (The foolish had a lamp burning for God. (The foolish girls are a picture of those who want and expect to get to Heaven.) Matthew 25 The Parable about the Ten Bridesmaids 1“At that time. coming directly from the mouth of Jesus Himself. The awful truth here is. no one can dispense the Spirit to another. 8“But the foolish ones told the wise. Heb 1:9. 5Since the groom was late. who still had a burning lamp.) 10“While they were away buying it. and full obedience to all His teachings and commands. but in the spiritual realm. the kingdom from heaven will be comparable to ten bridesmaids who took their oil lamps and went out to meet the groom. Is the Holy Spirit in your life?) 9“But the wise ones replied. the hypocrites. the Holy Spirit cannot be purchased. but the Bible does use the literary figure of buying salvation without money and without price. ―Oil‖ = the Holy Spirit.Matthew suddenly. even to the wise. had already paid that price and were ready at that crucial time. They were not ready to meet the groom anymore. the groom came. Only the wise. all our talents and strengths to be used for His glory and the blessing and salvation of others. It was not freely given.) 2Now five of them were foolish.‟ (The wise ones' refusal seems selfish. (The negligence of the foolish caught up with them. midnight. they didn‟t take any oil with them. there was a price that needed to be paid to get that oil to keep their lamps burning as God wants. and with his own kind. the King. We will do well to take most earnest heed ourselves and to shout the warnings and urge all who profess Christ as Lord and Savior to live thoroughly what they profess.) 4But the wise ones took flasks of oil with their lamps. but it would have to be purchased. The wise. Of course.) 6But at midnight there came a shout: „The groom is here! Come out to meet him!‟ (At the darkest time of the night. It was then that the bridesmaids needed to be ready. (The groom‘s delay symbolizes the period between His two Comings. Again. These prophecies of warning are just as certain of fulfillment as the prophecies of blessing. 3because when the foolish ones took their lamps. and the door was closed. This is a real danger which few seem to recognize. You‟d better go to the dealers and buy some for yourselves. all of them became sleepy and lay down. they won't make it. Those who were ready went with him into the wedding banquet. They needed oil to keep their lamps burning. . After this life is over.) 7Then all the bridesmaids woke up and got their lamps ready. God demands our all—all our love. See Mark 9:43-47. Zech 12:10. „Give us some of your oil. (The groom is Christ. Zech 4. These are frightful warnings indeed. the groom arrived. Rom 8:9. such an unfaithful servant will find his place with those who have openly opposed the Lord. „No! There will never be enough for us and for you. when he is least expecting it. but as cheaply as possible. Anything less than total surrender to the Lord is not true conversion. who were thinking ahead and knew they would have to endure. Acts 10:38. but it was now dying out. and five were wise.

It's in the present tense. NOTE: He didn‘t say to those foolish virgins. This is sad indeed. who are not ready. or are you mainly living to please yourself and certain others. and at once received it with joy. watch the way you live. no matter how long or fierce the temptations to live to please ones' self. "The simple and genuine meaning of the whole of this parable is just this. They were lacking in perseverance. Jesus didn‘t know the foolish virgins anymore. full and brimming over with love for Him. James 5:19-20. Apparently. not the word for a factual. necessary action that must be continuous. you must read what God has to say. They alone went into the wedding banquet. Unlike the wise virgins. So many other warnings in Scripture could be pointed out. Are you now. They heard the word. in a sense they were. They were waiting for the coming of the Lord. They did not keep in their minds the thought that. We must have in addition a perseverance that never tires. as he tells a different group of continuous tense evil doers: Matthew 7:21-23. will not make it. James 4:8. I don‟t know you!‟ (―know‖: The intimate type of knowledge. Acts 14:22." Cf 2 Peter 1:10. denoting present.) 13So keep on watching. still. How? By reading your Bible daily.) 12“But he replied. The lamps and lights of the five foolish girls looked just like those of the wise girls. have constant fellowship with Him. In fact.) 11Later." Jesus ends this parable with another warning to watch. at this time. „I tell all of you with certainty. of constant watchfulness for His coming. keeping watch over your own soul? If you were once saved. To stay alive spiritually. Is your life really pleasing to the Lord. But the foolish had not made any provision to hold firm unto the end. "The foolish virgins were like the seed that was sown upon the rock. though the bridegroom might come at any moment.” (Meaning. He might long delay. What to do? Draw near to God. open up for us!‟ (The foolish returned.Matthew were ready. information type of knowledge. but they had no root. that it is not enough to have a lively zeal for awhile. Jesus‘ response to the 5 foolish bridesmaids is most revealing about the vital need of enduring. and obey it. because the foolish girls were all followers of the Lord. is your lamp still burning or has it died out? Does Jesus still know you? This should be a frightful warning to many believers. Colossians 1:23. 1 John 2:24. „Lord. God demands your whole heart. That is. and He will draw near to you. instead of the Lord? Do you truly love the Lord above all else and above all others? Are you truly born again? Are you continuing in the faith? John 8:31. because you don‟t know the day or the hour. in watchfulness. I never knew you. lord. imperative mood. the foolish didn‘t have the knowledge that once the door is closed it won‘t be opened for late comers. and obeying everything that God teaches you there. The main lesson of this parable of the ten girls is that many people who consider themselves to be Christians. even waiting for the Lord's coming. have a good daily visit with the Lord in prayer. Also. but the door was closed. The Lord Jesus no longer had a relationship with the 5 foolish bridesmaids as He did at an earlier time when their lamps were burning and they were ready to meet the groom. the other bridesmaids arrived and said. John Calvin once stated. That word ―watch‖ means to not go to . that there was need for daily preparation. That relationship ended because of their negligence. Colossians 1:23. Don't ever think you can get by with a half measure of spiritual interest and concern and still be welcomed into Heaven.

) 27Then you should‟ve invested my money . Don't allow any teaching or preaching of easy believism rob you of eternal life.‟ he said. „you gave me five talents. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ 22“The one with two talents also came forward and said. „Well done. 18But the one who received one talent went off. We must keep awake to everything that would divert our attention away from the Lord and away from the prize. Then he went on his trip. „Master. Matthew 10:22. promise the Lord this very moment. 24:13. the one who had two talents earned two more. and so everlasting that no suffering or pain or waiting can be counted too high a price to pay. to another two. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. thru all temptations. it is like a man going on a trip. to keep awake. I went off and hid your talent in the ground. in sickness and in health. I knew that you were a hard man. 25Since I was afraid. to be His totally. until you finally stand in His glorious presence. If you have not already done so. who called his servants and turned his money over to them. Life eternal with our Lord will be so glorious. Jesus' warning about false teachers is very applicable today. take what‟s yours!‟ (This was the safe route. He also blamed his failure on his master. „Master. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount. Life everlasting can only be claimed as we are found to be truly in Christ—all the way. Here. based on their ability.Matthew sleep. „Well done. good and trustworthy servant! Since you‟ve been trustworthy with a small amount. of rejection. „Master. ―Since I was afraid‖: Afraid of failure. 23“His master told him. See. you gave me two talents. different performance.) 24“Then the one who had received one talent came forward and said. and to another one. different talents. ) 26“His master answered him. 19“After a long time. so wonderful. Matthew 15:14. and buried his master‟s money. I‟ll put you in charge of a large amount. The other guys took risks.‟ 21“His master told him. (A talent is a coin worth about a year‘s salary. Come and share your master‟s joy!‟ (Two guys. I‟ve earned five more talents. I‟ve earned two more talents. or whatever. Remaining faithful to the end is an absolute imperative. 17In the same way. (This represents the Second Coming. See.) The Parable about the Talents 14“Similarly. 15To one man he gave five talents. dug a hole in the ground. from the very depths of your being. Both will fall into a pit —both the teacher and the one who accepts his message.) 20The one who had received five talents came up and brought five more talents. the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. „You evil and lazy servant! So you knew that I harvested where I haven‟t planted and gathered where I haven‟t scattered any seed? (―lazy‖ means failure to act energetically. harvesting where you haven‟t planted and gathering where you haven‟t scattered any seed. rejections. of being hurt in some way.) 16“The one who received five talents went out at once and invested them and earned five more. See Revelation 21:8.

and every other means at hand for the furtherance of His message of salvation to a lost world. serious responsibilities. To some. or that faith is counterfeit. But from the person who has nothing. These servants are not rebels or ungodly men. Christian publishing houses. (This follows a fixed law in the spiritual realm.) 28Then the master said. ―If that's the kind of master you thought I am. God has given various gifts and opportunities to every servant. We would rather not think that any such thing could happen to one of the Lord's own servants. all he had to show for his life was a hole in the ground!) 29because to everyone who has something. The bankers in this case may be missionaries. 2 Corinthians 5:10. Instead. this was not a hypocrite. in verse 26. We would rather not speak of him. Your words condemn. He was just slothful and fearful. Before His departure He calls His own servants to His side. there is no excuse for leaving money idle. They are persons in the employ of the Master.Matthew with the bankers. the office. It's a joy to think of the two servants here who were found faithful. When I returned.‖ The mention of the bankers in verse 27 suggests that if we cannot use our possessions for the Lord. Rather he is saying. In a world like ours. the neighborhood. we should turn them over to others who can. even what he has will be taken away from him. and were commended by their master and welcomed into His presence to great responsibilities. Bible societies. The more they do. good works in obedience to the Lord's commands must accompany faith. (If this man had earned one talent with his talent. And from this parable we are forewarned that this appearing will be a most serious matter. you would have to call him a hypocrite of some . etc. But for the one who has been slothful.‟ (Incidentally. Others have lesser abilities or financial means.) 30Throw this useless servant into the darkness outside! In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. the church. the factory. to such it will be a day of frightful awakening. Conversely. gospel radio programs. and he‟ll have more than enough. We see that his final end is to be thrown into outer darkness. What joy to be found among the number who have been faithful in serving the Lord in the home. not excuse you. material means. he would have received the same commendation as the others. open doors. Those who desire to be used for God's glory are given the means. the school. Atrophy is the reward of indolence. we lose what we don't use. Whether limited to one talent or granted a large number of talents. All Christians are the Lord's servants.‟” (Jesus pictures Himself here as a man traveling into a far country. all the more reason to have put the talent to work. more will be given. as such. the master is not agreeing with the charges against him. No. „Take the talent from him and give it to the man who has the ten talents. opportunities. It will be a time of great rejoicing for those who have been faithful. God has entrusted great natural capabilities or financial means. the more they are enabled to do for Him. I would‟ve received my money back with interest. Though we are not saved by our works. On the other hand. constantly giving excuses for not having served the Lord with zeal. and happiness. all servants will appear before the judgment seat of Christ. and wherever else the opportunity has been afforded! But the task of calling attention to the unfaithful servant is not a pleasant one. He expects each servant to use these talents. and we all have unending.

It would be profitable for whoever names the name of Christ as Lord and Savior to give very serious consideration to our Lord's prophecy here concerning His servants. Every Christian also has opportunity to take his stand for the Lord in various situations. He has given many talents to some. and for His own good reasons and purposes. he had simply not put it to work for his master." So said one of God's servants of the 19th century. oh. opportunities. God has entrusted to every one of us certain talents. responsibility. Most Christians can read and study God's Word. Let no one say that he cannot do anything for the Lord. our Lord created us for fellowship and communion with Himself. The person with only one talent is not to be jealous of the person with many. But in the first place. One may rightfully ask. And the one with many talents is not to look down on the person with only one talent. the servant is quite willing and anxious to take orders from Him. it's very important to your own future as to what you . The person with many talents will have much more for which he will be held accountable to God at The Judgment than the person with only one talent. you can stand before the Lord with confidence. "With the end results promised. There is no learning how to witness unless a person starts somehow. His reference for the statement was this very Scripture. what you make of what God has given you is very important to Him. are you working now as one ought to work. If you are a one-talent person. And according to Christ's teaching here. There will be the temptation to use one's many talents for personal gain. Revelation 21:8. when such ultragreat rewards are obtainable?" Each person has at least one talent. But.Matthew sort. Jesus is Lord in that life. at least. 24:51. And your Master will reward you with a large place of opportunity. rejoicing that it is our privilege to be in His presence by this means for now. as his master had ordered him. and whatever other blessings we have or will have in life. We can bring joy to our Lord by the times we spend with Him in prayer and praise. if they had invested and used their talents selfishly. Remember. or had hidden them in fear. and later on to see Him face to face. They consist of abilities. the joy there will be for all who have invested their time and talents wisely and faithfully for the glory of God. seeking to know the Master's will. you may be tempted to believe that your little help is not important. Those with the five and the two talents in this parable would surely have been punished comparably to the unfaithful servant with the one talent. It would appear that the person to whom God has given only one talent has the greatest opportunity of all to show himself faithful to his Lord. A Christian can witness to the lost simply by opening his mouth and asking. "Are you planning on making it to Heaven?" The response to that question will give you the clue as to what to say next. money. When a person is honestly born again. May the day of His appearing be a crowning day for you. somewhere. as well as to your fellow Christians and the unsaved. and joy in His Kingdom. instead of for the glory of God and for the blessing of our fellowmen. In the second place. and meets with similar punishment. that they might obey Him. this servant had not abused or misused his talent. "Spiritual indolence or inaction is as serious a sin as active wickedness. and few talents to others. When He is actually Lord. Most of those orders are to be found in His message. In God's wisdom. If you can use that one talent in such a way that it will be a great blessing and joy to your Lord.

But they love their ease and their freedom to do just what they want to do. Don't rely on what you've done in the past. A person with lesser abilities and opportunities will never know what an impact he can make for God in this world unless he diligently uses the little he now has. Romans 10:9-10. is wickedness. O. Does this mean you gain Heaven by good works? No. you can't fail. But if you are faithful to the end. don't count on Heaven if you are living at ease and are unfaithful to your responsibilities and opportunities. you and I are responsible before God to tell them. Now you can be forgiven. If you sincerely ask for God's help. He sent His Son. Revelation 21:8. He's only demanding right living and right use of what He's given you. See Philippians 2:1213. and therefore lost! They need to know what you know about Christ and His teachings. 10:9-10. but in everything! In regard to the necessity of obedience to Christ if you are to be saved. As we see here. Negative evil—failing or refusing to do what Christ has commanded you to do—is just as sinful. Numbers 13 and 14. But the New Testament teaches thruout that after being forgiven you are now to become obedient—not only in a few things. because of what Christ has done for you. Don't fail the test. The whole world is in rebellion against God. you will receive a reward similar to those who have faithfully served with many talents. Christ says we must be faithful to the end. but they will not go out of their way to serve Christ. Romans 2:6-9. it will be judged just as severely. look up and read Acts 5:32. into outer darkness. Your reward will be great if you are faithful to the end—but your punishment will be horrendous if you are lazy and disobedient.Matthew do with whatever you are and have. But from the beginning God demanded obedience. 6:16. to forgive. to die on the cross for your sins and mine. And look what happened to them. According to this teaching by Christ. in serving to the extent of your abilities and opportunities. and little concerned about warning the lost. I was afraid. God gives the same warning to cowards today.K. And when man sinned by disobeying God. God is always with you to help. Jesus. If it's easy and pleasant. And such wickedness will be severely judged by God. The unfaithful servant is seen in the many who want and expect to go to Heaven. No. And He's promised to always be with you. without concern about the great needs everywhere that could use their involvement. You are not on your own. that He's expecting too much. Use your talents fully in doing so! And don't stop until your last day on earth! A Christian must never retire from talking to others about their eternal destination. Is that also your excuse for not witnessing? That was the excuse the Israelites used for not obeying God's orders to march in and possess the promised land. To be lazy. The unfaithful servant was called wicked and lazy. The man's excuse was. you will receive the judgment Christ warns of here. You may think that God's demands are too great. or as surely as you now live. God may be giving you a more difficult test with your one talent than those who have many. and to help you live and serve as He demands. and about salvation thru Him! According to Matthew 28:18-20. Wickedness does not consist of only the wrong you may do. Hebrews 5:9.) The Judgment of the Nations .

” (For believers. when did we see you hungry and give you something to eat. like a shepherd separates sheep from goats. I was naked.‟ 37“Then the righteous will say to him. „Lord. and you didn‟t clothe me. I was in prison. (This is one of three major judgments in the Scripture. or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38When did we see you as a stranger and welcome you. I was a stranger. life on earth is as bad it gets. Cf 1 Tim 1:17. since you didn‟t do it for one of the least important of these. hell was not originally intended for the human race.‟ (Whatever is done for one of His disciples is rewarded as being done to Himself. and you gave me something to eat. and visit you?‟ 40The king will answer them. you who have been blessed by my Father! Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. Revelation 14:9-11. The account here of God's judgment is not a full account of details. Some believe this is a judgment of those who will still be alive on earth after . life here on earth is as good as it gets. 36I was naked. „I tell all of you with certainty. But we know that it does mean everlasting because it is used to describe the eternality of God. or see you naked and clothe you? 39When did we see you sick or in prison. and you visited me. But if people willfully refuse life. since you did it for one of the least important of these brothers of mine. they necessarily choose death. I was sick. I was thirsty. We will call it the Sheep and Goat judgment. 20:10-15. one from another. and you welcomed me. I was thirsty. and you didn‟t welcome me. Luke 16:19-31. you didn‟t do it for me. 35because I was hungry. when did we see you hungry or thirsty or as a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and didn‟t help you?‟ 45Then he will say to them. The same One who taught eternal life taught eternal punishment. „I tell all of you with certainty. you did it for me. (Cf. into the eternal fire that has been prepared for the devil and his angels! (God's desire is that men should be blessed. Ezek 34:17. Who is being judged here? Nations. for those who refuse Jesus as their Savior. „Come.Matthew 31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels are with him. If the word translated eternal does not mean everlasting. and you gave me nothing to eat. not to be confused with the Great White Throne judgment which comes at the end of the Millennium.) 33He will put the sheep on his right but the goats on his left.‟ 44“Then they will reply. there is no word in the Greek language to convey the meaning. and you gave me something to drink. and you didn‟t visit me. Matt 25:41.) 34“Then the king will say to those on his right. „Lord. but the righteous will go into eternal life. and you clothed me. I was sick and in prison. but it gives an indication of the criterion which will govern the verdicts. he will sit on his glorious throne. 32All the nations will be assembled in front of him. Hell is said to be of the same duration as heaven. and he will cull them out. Since the same word for eternal is used to describe each. Matthew 13:41-42. you who are accursed.‟ 46These people will go away into eternal punishment. and you gave me nothing to drink. 43I was a stranger. it is inconsistent to accept one without the other.) 42Here‟s why: I was hungry. and you took care of me.) 41“Then he will say to those on his left. „Get away from me.

as they will already be with Christ. A great judgment is pictured in these verses. These verses tell of the great conflict that will rage between God's people and the Antichrist in the last years of the age. are worthy to become subjects in Christ's great new Kingdom on earth. but as you read them all you will begin to see the picture. Rather. both the physically and spiritually poor. However. Although all nations will be gathered before the Lord for this judgment. What criterion will the . Matthew 5:7. Many have believed this picture to be of the great and final judgment of the wicked. If they were truly born again they were people who lived to please God in every way. So no Christian or Old Testament saint will be included in this judgment. It appears quite definitely that the purpose of the judgment mentioned in these verses is to determine who among those still alive on the earth after the Tribulation. and that you read them over several times. then. and after Christ's true followers have been transported to Heaven. These will live in the Heavenly Jerusalem. you are lending to the Lord. together with those of His who are still alive on the earth. Read Daniel. As far as the wicked dead are concerned. Matthew 24:29-31. Proverbs 19:17. it cannot be the final judgment of the wicked. The final judgment of the wicked dead will come one thousand years later. The accounts in these verses are not in sequence. but the punishment given those who showed no mercy will no doubt be the same Hell that all who opposed and ignored God thruout the ages will experience. It is safe to conclude. 21-22. individual persons will be judged on an individual basis. it is the judgment of all persons still alive on the earth at the time of Christ's return. God does not cast entire nations into Hell. when you help the poor. He saves the righteous among them. 18. We suggest that you underline these verses in your Bible. since this judgment will take place when the Son of Man comes in His glory. The rest of the dead did not come back to life again until the end of the thousand years. Revelation 21:9-27. All of God's people who have died will be resurrected to meet Christ in the air when He returns. and it's the Lord who will repay you. Revelation 20:11-15. They are the people who had shown mercy to God's people. They will be the citizens of the new kingdom God long ago planned for earth. 22:1-5. Read Revelation 20. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. 6:12-15. 12:7. 8. both Christians and Jews. God's people will have gone to meet Christ in the air as He was returning. and does something about it.Matthew the great wars and tribulation of the end time. 18:23-35. or highlight them. chapters 7. 8:24. Revelation 20:5. that sinners who had died before Christ returns will not be included in the judgment described in this Scripture. The final judgment of the wicked is to take place at the end of the first thousand years of Christ's reign on earth—the Millennium. 25. who were persecuted by Antichrist during the last 3½ years of this age. This does not mean that those already with Christ at this time did not need to extend mercy to others to be saved. with Jesus Christ seated as Judge. 11:32-34. both physical and spiritual needs. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17. The kind of everlasting life these righteous ones will experience on earth is not explained. 11. Those who are here said to have been kind to Christ's people are not promised the Kingdom of Heaven. So they will not be included in this judgment. Always remember. 12. and especially verses 7:9-11. And one indication that a person is truly born again is that he is concerned about the needs of others.

or even of sustaining life—will lose his soul. no one who receives this mark and cooperates with Antichrist will have any part in God's Kingdom. will be anti-God. Revelation 14:9-11. and anti-Christian. and who had not taken the mark of the beast during the time of the reign of the Satan-inspired man. Jude 3-4. or had refused to help them. Malachi 3:1-5. It will be difficult. So it appears that the basis for the Lord's judgment upon these people will be based upon their treatment of the Jews and Christians during that last terrible time of testing. Cf Revelation 13:16-18. Revelation 21:9-27. antiChrist. Even if the Rapture of the Church should take place before the Great Tribulation. . there will still be persons converted to Christ during the time of the Tribulation. if not next to impossible. As the Scriptures warn. and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified. The individuals sent from the Lord's presence at this time into everlasting fire will be those who had mistreated the Jews and Christians during the time of the Great Tribulation. The Paschal Lamb had at last arrived and would soon be slain. The eternal life received by those who are declared righteous at this judgment will no doubt be eternal life on the earth. John 11:45-53) 1When Jesus had finished saying all these things. anti-Jew. But to accept that mark will ultimately result in judgment and Hell. but not in the Heavenly Jerusalem. And God warns that anyone who has any part with the Antichrist— accepting his mark or number in their forehead or in their right hand for the necessary and legitimate purposes of doing business. to buy or sell thru ordinary channels during part or all of the Tribulation period without the mark of the beast. The Lord does not promise Heaven to these friends of the Jews and Christians on the basis of their friendship. 22:15. this is the immediate promise Christ will give them.Matthew Lord use at this judgment to judge individuals? The apparent basis will be as to how each one has treated the Lord's brothers and sisters during the time of the Great Tribulation. he told his disciples. 14:9-11. the beast. 2“You know that the Passover will take place in two days. the Antichrist. 13-15.) Matthew 26 The Plot to Kill Jesus (Mark 14:1-2. Luke 22:1-2. Only as these individuals are converted to Christ as Lord and Savior during the Millennium is it probable that eternal life will be theirs. This year the Passover would find its true meaning. The reign of Antichrist.) 3Then the high priests and the elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest. They will be the people who had cooperated with Antichrist and had received his mark on their hand or forehead.” (Jesus predicted His suffering and death several times. God's Kingdom on earth will not be populated by those who are with the Lord in the Heavenly Jerusalem. And who are the Lord's brothers and sisters? No doubt they will include the Jews and Christians who will go thru the Great Tribulation. Mark 6:11. See also Daniel 7:9-10. At least. This is the last time. But the earth will be repopulated by those who had been good to God's people.

John 12:1-8) 6While Jesus was in Bethany at the home of Simon the leper. Jesus asked them. The costliness of her sacrifice expressed the depth of her devotion for the Lord Jesus. as John 12:3 indicates she had a large amount.” (It is incredible that Israel's religious leaders took the lead in plotting the death of their Messiah. It appears to be Jesus‘ favorite place to stay. they formed the vanguard of His enemies. they became irritated and said. Gold. Myrrh was a burial ointment. Frankincense: priesthood.) A Woman Anoints Jesus (Mark 14:3-9. Matthew is emphasizing the Lord‘s Kingship. Cf. She no doubt did both.) 4They conspired to arrest Jesus by treachery and to kill him. Caiaphas is the power figure on the Jewish side. Instead. John 12:3 states that the woman poured the perfume on His feet. The perfume would presumably be myrrh. that there was nothing too good for Him. This gift to Him makes us realize that she understood His prediction.) 8But when the disciples saw this. That moment had struck and one lone woman with spiritual discernment had . 5But they kept saying. there‟ll be a riot among the people. This woman is Mary. Complementary insights. but Romans had entrenched the politics of that day. They should have been the first to recognize and to enthrone Him. therefore basically 300 man -day‘s of labor. (―Caiaphas‖: A Roman appointee. (Bethany had the unique distinction of being within a Sabbath-day‘s journey from Jerusalem. Gold: deity. This is a higher calling. But only once in the world's history could the Savior be anointed for burial. while John is emphasizing the Lord‘s deity. (The poor can be helped at any time.) 7a woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume and poured it on his head while he sat at the table. but you‟ll not always have me. very expensive stuff. “This must not happen during the festival. Somehow she assembled this enormous amount of savings to buy this unique and symbolic gift.” 10But knowing this. each speaking of one of His offices.Matthew who was named Caiaphas. “Why are you bothering the woman? She has done a beautiful thing for me. so he emphasizes the fact that she anointed His feet. So Jerusalem at this time would be crowded with strangers. Annas was actually the Aaronic heir to that role. John 12:4. Frankincense. Passover was one of the feast which was required for every able-bodied male to celebrate it in Jerusalem. saying. (She is worshiping Her Lord. A denari was a minimum day‘s wage. Myrrh: suffering and death. Otherwise. in effect. Her mind is on Him and she lavished all that she had on Him.) 9Surely this perfume could‟ve been sold for a high price and the money given to the destitute. (The custom was to recline on couches while eating. tourists from all over. “Why this waste? (From John we learn that it was Judas who was raising such a fuss. and Myrrh. Remember the three gifts that the wise men brought Jesus at His birth.) 11You‟ll always have the destitute with you. the sister of Martha. This particular ointment could have been sold for 300 denari. so it‘s His head.

) 13I tell all of you with certainty. The tabernacle. Silver symbolizes blood... the redemption shekel. she was preparing me for burial. went to the high priests (―Iscariot‖ means ―ish‖ – man.) 18He said. She valued the Savior highly. she was right.”‟” (The undertones seem to imply a password.‖ . The only one of the twelve that was not a Galilean. See also Matt 27:3-4. she must have realized it was now or never. Noah leaves the ark on the 17th day of the 7th month.Matthew seized it. Cf Mar 16:1-6). he was a Judean. “What are you willing to give me if I betray Jesus to you?” They offered him 30 pieces of silver. 12When she poured this perfume on my body. Cf. Luke 22:7-14.) Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus (Mark 14:10-11. 21-23. Those women who planned to anoint His body after His burial were thwarted by the resurrection. Passover commemorates the passing over of the angel of death during the last plague in Egypt. Zech 11:12-13. Cf Song of Solomon 1:3. wherever this gospel is proclaimed throughout the whole in Judea. Believing the Lord's predictions concerning His death. “My time is near. who was called Judas Iscariot. John 12:21-30) 17On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread. I will celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house. (Ex 3: The price of a servant was 30 pieces of silver. What a privilege for this anonymous man to lend his house for this final Passover! 14th of Nisan is when Passover is celebrated. also noting the change of the Hebrew calendar. “Go to a certain man in the city and say to him. In Ex 12 it lays out the Passover commitments. which means that Noah exited the ark on the same month that is now called ―Nisan. It is striking to note the contrast between the woman who anointed Jesus at Simon's home and Judas. Luke 22:3-6) 14Then one of the Twelve. a prearranged setting. The priests paid him on the spot—the contemptible total of about fifteen dollars. what she has done will also be told as a memorial to her. designed to foil the conspirators.) 15and inquired. When the 7th month becomes the first month.) The Passover with the Disciples (Mark 14:12-21.. (Jesus explains to the disciples why Mary anointed Him.) 16and from then on he began to look for an opportunity to betray Jesus. the disciples approached Jesus and asked. Judas valued Him lightly. As it turned out. „The Teacher says. (The leaders are trying to find a way to take Jesus quietly so there is not a big public uproar. ―carioth‖ . “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover meal?” (What thoughts must have flooded the mind of the Lord at this time! Every detail of the meal would have poignant significance.” (Any act of true worship fills the courts of heaven with fragrance and is indelibly recorded in the Lord's memory.

Complicated issue. the cup of the taking.) 27Then he took a cup. saying. This can only have been a symbolic statement. purpose. each one began to ask him. couldn‘t Judas argue that it was his destiny to betray Jesus? Was Judas accountable? Yes. This is my body. 53:1-12. “Drink from it. 20When evening came. Luke 22:15-20) 26While they were eating. as He was standing in front of them. (Grape juice or wine? Too early in the season for unfermented grapes. Jesus evidently said this privately to John.) 24The Son of Man is going away. the cup of the delivery. The Passover meal has four cups: the cup of the bringing out. He said that the words that He spoke were spirit and life. gave thanks. Cf Psalm 22:1-22. Daniel 9:26. and they prepared the Passover meal. It is the third cup. I‟m not the one. the cup of blessing. all of you. Cf. because He was present with them. This could not have been Jesus‘ literal blood. he said. asked. Isaiah 52:14. “Rabbi. both here and in the garden later. that Jesus does this with. for Master and/or Teacher. After Jesus told His disciples that they must eat of His flesh and drink of His blood.) The Lord’s Supper (Mark 14:22-26. Notice that Judas does not call Him Lord. “Take this and eat it. We can therefore conclude that he was not present when the Lord's Supper was instituted. The bread was obviously not His physical body. This Passover is unfinished.) 28because this is my blood of the new covenant that is being poured out for many people for the forgiveness of sins.” 22Feeling deeply distressed. Note verse 29. Jesus was sitting at the table with the Twelve. “I tell all of you with certainty. He was resurrected 3 days later on the 17th of Nisan. Lord?” 23He replied. 21While they were eating. “The man who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me. who was going to betray him. 41:9. and set of regulations—the New Testament. His words were spiritual.‖ referring to the Passover Lamb. 45-47. the anniversary of Noah‘s exit from the ark!) 19So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them. but Jesus is saying this is ―my‖ body. Cf John 6:63. am I?” Jesus told him. Luke 24:25-27. Zechariah 12:10. and gave it to them. one of you is going to betray me.) 25Then Judas. (―Blood of the New Covenant‖: The blood that seals the new declaration of God's will. “Surely I am not the one.” (Jesus notes that His death and betrayal were prophesied. saying. the cup of blessing or redeeming.Matthew Jesus was crucified on the 14th of Nisan. At this point we infer that Judas leaves. Yet that does not release Judas from his sin.” (They are used to saying ―the body. “You have said so. Jesus took a loaf of bread and blessed it. just as it has been written about him. How terrible it will be for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for him if he had never been born. John 13:30. Then he broke it in pieces and handed it to the disciples. (According to John 13:21-26.) 29I tell all of you I will never again drink the product of the vine until that day .” (Rabbi is Heb.

It is not the leaven in the bread that matters.) Jesus Prays in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42. He told the disciples. The question is often raised whether we should use leavened or unleavened bread.” 35Peter told him. ―Hymn‖: Some scholars believe that they sang Psalm 135. (They were sincere. It is believed that these trees are from the same root system that very likely was Gethesmane. John 13:36-38) 31Then Jesus told them. They would put the olives into a press. See 1 Cor 5:7-8. now He talks of being raised up. Luke 22:31-34. and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. but the leaven in our lives!) 30After singing a hymn. The upper room : Cf. The Lord‘s supper links Jesus‘ two comings: 1 Cor 11:26. they meant what they said. should realize that the same is true of fermentation. before a rooster crows this very night. „I will strike the shepherd. “I tell you with certainty. 16. something that would crush the olives to squeeze the oil out of them. Zech 13:7) 32However. I will go to Galilee ahead of you.) 33But Peter told him.‖ Oil is a .‟ (Cf. There is little doubt that the Lord used unleavened bread and fermented wine as all wine in those days was fermented. leaven is a picture of sin. Those who argue that leavened bread spoils the type. “Even if I have to die with you. I will never deny you!” And all the disciples said the same thing. Luke 22:39-46) 36Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane. after I have been raised. “All of you will turn against me this very night. more widely held view suggests that they sang the Halellel Psalms. not the bread itself that counts. “Even if everyone else turns against you. because it is written.” (Olive trees are grown for their oil. 15. fermented or unfermented wine for the Lord's Supper. On the way to the Mount of Olives. Psalm 115-118. they went out to the Mount of Olives. Paul emphasized that it is the spiritual meaning of the bread.) Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial (Mark 14:27-31. (Right at the base of the Mount of Olives today there are Olive groves. “Sit down here while I go over there and pray. The fourth cup will occur at the Marriage supper of the Lamb. John 14. you will deny me three times. It is a tragedy when we become so occupied with the elements that we fail to see the Lord Himself.” (The disciples must be confused. The press was called a ―Gethsemane. It was just that they didn't know their own hearts. Mary is the only one that we have any evidence of that she understood that He was to die. they get there about verse 36. They don‘t even realize that He is going to die. 17. I certainly won‟t!” (Failure in our strong suit!) 34Jesus told him.” (Note that for Jesus this leaves this Passover unfinished as He stops with the third cup.Matthew when I drink it with you once again in my Father‟s kingdom.

) 43Then he came back and found them asleep.” (―that you won‘t be tempted‖: … to lose faith in Me when I die. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. we sleep better than we pray. ―My Father. what is coming. we should remember His words in Joh 12:27-28. that is. anything but the cross.) 41All of you must stay awake and pray that you won‟t be tempted. and He prayed in their presence. Yet not what I want but what you want.” (―cup‖: What cup? The cup of God‘s indignation against sin. saying the same thing. to be made sin for us. Lest we think this prayer expressed reluctance or a desire to turn back. if there is any other way by which ungodly sinners can be saved than by My going to the cross. if it is possible. and our minds wander when they should be watching. It is not easy work but it is most profitable of all work. Left eight behind. “So.) 42He went away a second time and prayed. “I‟m so deeply grieved that I feel I‟m about to die. reveal that way now! But in all of this. He was not asking to be delivered from going to the cross. He taught the disciples to pray. to die as our Substitute. Why is He depressed? He understands what His mission is. He told Peter. but the body is weak.) 40When he went back to the disciples. The uniqueness of His Person and work precluded others from sharing in His prayer life. We can accomplish more by time and strength put into prayer than we can by putting the same amount of time and strength into anything else. Real praying is a costly exercise but it pays far more than it costs. could you? (We dare not condemn them when we think of our own prayer lives. That was the very purpose of His coming into the world! The prayer was rhetorical. than prayer? This explains why far too many of us are busy in attempting great things for God. “O my Father. rather than expecting great things from God in a humble attitude of prayer. (James and John. it was not intended to elicit an answer but to teach us a lesson. Jesus was saying in effect. even more desirable.‖ What was the answer? There was none. Might this suggest that different disciples have different capacities for empathizing with the Savior in His agony? It is hard for us to see Jesus depressed. Perhaps if Peter had been praying. (Three times the Lord Jesus Christ begged the Father. “My Father. but He never prayed with them. Do you ever get that wistful feeling that there are other things more effective.Matthew symbol of the Holy Spirit.) 38Then he told them. I want it known that I desire nothing contrary to Your will. In praying that the cup might pass from Him. let this cup pass from me. he found them asleep. he began to be grieved and troubled. because they could not keep their eyes open. By this eloquent silence we know that there was no other way for God to justify guilty sinners than for Christ.) 37Taking Peter and the two sons of Zebedee with him. We who are sinful cannot conceive what it meant to Him.” 39Going on a little farther. This proves that there is no other way for man to be saved except . Wait here and stay awake with me.” (He was necessarily alone in His prayer life. let your will be done. if this cup cannot go away unless I drink it. The spirit is indeed willing. the heavens were silent. he went away and prayed again for the third time. he fell on his face and prayed. if there is any other way for man to be saved. we see Him as victorious. 44After leaving them again. his flesh would not have stumbled later that evening. the Sinless One. you men couldn‟t stay awake with me for one hour. the sinless Savior.

No doubt the question came with scalding power to Judas. Because if there was some other way for a man to get access to the throne of God in Heaven.) 45Then he came back to the disciples and told them. They were from the high priests and elders of the people. and the Scriptures say that the . Cornelius. then Jesus Christ‘s prayer was not answered and His death was in vain! Acts 4:12. saying. His anxiety was so intense that He sweated drops of blood. Luke 22:44. Likewise. It is unlikely that Peter had aimed for the ear. The universal symbol of love was to be prostituted to its lowest use.Matthew by the Lord Jesus Christ. “Put your sword back in its place! Everyone who uses a sword will be killed by a sword. soldiers come to inquire of John the Baptist about what they should do. (―one of the men with Jesus‖: We know this to be Peter from John 18:10. That his aim was as poor as his judgment must be attributed to divine Providence. Perhaps the weapons symbolized the determination of the chief priests and elders to capture Him without any possibility of escape. one of the Twelve. Luke 22:47-53. cutting off his ear. Not the same word as calling the disciples ―friends‖ in the Upper Room discourse. in Acts 10. 13:38. (Is Jesus advocating pacifism in this passage? Total pacifism is not taught in this Scripture. not Lord. Abraham was blessed by the Most High God after engaging in a war against the unjust aggression of the kings who had captured his nephew Lot. (Judas came in first to identify Jesus. He was called a devout man. Judas. “The one I kiss is the man. 46Get up! Let‟s go! See.) 49So Judas immediately went up to Jesus and said. (―Friend‖ is actually companion. while Jesus was still speaking.) Jesus is Arrested (Mark 14:43-50. is the usual word for kiss. Cf Gen 14:19. But in verse 49 a stronger word is used. why are you here?” Then the other men surged forward. “Hello. one of the men with Jesus reached out his hand. “You might as well keep on sleeping and resting. Indeed. 39. Surely the weapons were not Judas's idea. “Friend.) 50Jesus asked him. he had never seen the Savior resist or fight back. The first.” (People customarily greeted their friends with a kiss.) 48Now the betrayer personally had given them a signal. drew his sword. was a centurion. Two different words for kiss are used in this passage. and arrested him. Rabbi!” and kissed him tenderly. (Note that he calls Him. Arrest him. The mob surged in and seized the Lord Jesus without delay. took hold of Jesus. and struck the high priest‟s servant. in verse 48.) 51Suddenly. A large crowd armed with swords and clubs was with him. Look! The time is near for the Son of Man to be betrayed into the hands of sinners.) 52Jesus told him. John never told them to leave the army. Rabbi. he had doubtless planned a mortal blow. John 18:3-12) 47Just then. arrived. expressing repeated or demonstrative kissing. the one who is betraying me is near!” (―Get up! Let‘s go!‖—not in retreat but to face the foe. In Luke 3:14. but events were moving fast now.

. The binding of a prisoner before he was condemned was unlawful unless resistance was offered or expected. John 18:3. not purely defensive. the Bible is filled with examples of the justification of war against evil aggressors.000 men. and he would send me more than twelve legions of angels now? (A Roman legion equaled more than 6. First. would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say this must happen?” 55At this point. The apostles responded saying that they had two swords. where the scribes and the elders had assembled. Peter‘s use was aggressive. Cf Rom. 22:2.Luke 22:36. it does not endorse its use for spiritual ends. It was illegal for judges to participate in the arrest of the accused.” Then all the disciples deserted Jesus and ran away. Remember that one angel slaughtered 185. Basically a Jewish issue.) 56But all of this has happened so that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled. No legal transactions. 13:1–4. including a trial. Christ says that the one who has no sword should sell his robe and buy one. Second. in Luke 22:36–38. His life was not being unjustly threatened. See 2 Tim 2:3-4. their behavior was irrational. then. but Gentiles brought Him into Caiphas‘ hands. 63-71. yet you didn‟t arrest me.) 53Don‟t you think that I could call on my Father. Almost every detail of this trial is illegal. Jesus responded saying that ―it was enough. they did not need to get rid of their swords. we have. Cf Rev. while the Bible permits the sword by the government for civil purposes. That is. (If their cowardice was inexcusable. They had not yet been indwelt by the Holy Spirit. Luke 22:54-55. it was not clearly an act of self-defense. So. When Cornelius becomes a Christian. Peter does not tell him to leave the army. could be conducted at night. John 18:13-14. 4.24. did Jesus mean when He commanded Peter to put away his sword? Peter was making two mistakes in using his sword. Indeed. from the beginning to the end. not by the church. What. John 18:28. the high priest. ours is more so. (Humanly speaking.‖ In other words.Matthew Lord heard the prayers of Cornelius. It is to be used by the state. Jesus asked the crowds. then. Also. When Jesus returns to earth. “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me as if I were a bandit? Day after day I sat teaching in the Temple. commitment. The Apostle Paul accepted the protection of the Roman army to save his life from unjust aggressors. as did the Apostle Paul in Acts 23. and self-giving devotion of a good soldier in his description of dedicated Christian life. Cf Acts 10:2.000 Assyrians one evening after dinner!) 54How. 19-24) 57Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas. Paul frequently draws analogies from the obligation. Jesus appears to have endorsed the use of the sword in civil self-defense .) Jesus is Tried before the High Priest (Mark 14:53-65. He will come with the armies of heaven and will war against the kings of the earth. Cf Ex. 19:11–19. (Caiphas is the Jewish leader appointed by Rome. Cf Acts 23. John 18:12. Jesus offered none. he reminded the Roman Christians that God had given the sword to the king who did not bear it in vain.

How? They could never agree. the high priest stood up and asked Jesus. the prisoner should have been released. the high priests and the whole Council were looking for false testimony against Jesus in order to have him put to death. At last two men came forward (Many false witnesses.‖ this puts Jesus under oath. The sentence in finally passed in the palace of the high priest. the Son of God!” (Fulfilling Isa 53:7. as you have said. John 18:13-16.. He went inside and sat down with the servants to see how this would end. Lev 21:10. the Son of God. Matthew 26:59. Mark 14:56. “I command you by the living God to tell us if you are the Messiah. A guilty verdict was rendered without evidence. The Court lacked the civil authority to condemn a man to death.) 59Meanwhile. John 18:5. The only time He speaks is when He is legally required to under oath. even though many false witnesses had come forward. yet they found none. Mark 14:59.‟” (A misquote. from now on you will see „the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power‟ and „coming on the clouds of heaven. The judges sought false witnesses against Jesus. „I can destroy the sanctuary of God and rebuild it in three days. It was illegal to conduct a session of the court on a feast day. Preliminary hearings before a magistrate were completely foreign to the Jewish legal system. (Peter is curious. however. Matthew 26:65. “You have said so. In a Jewish court the accused was to be assumed innocent until proved guilty by two or more witnesses. Cf John 2:19-21.Matthew The arrest was effected through the agency of an informer and traitor. Nevertheless I tell you. John 18:14. While an acquittal could be pronounced the same day. irritated by His silence. “Don‟t you have any answer to what these men are testifying against you?” (The high priest. Matthew 26:65.) 64Jesus told him. John 18:30. My glory is presently veiled in a human . Ex 23:6-8. The use of violence during the trial was apparently unopposed by the judges. any other verdict required a majority of two and had to come on a subsequent day. The Jews now used that prediction as an excuse for killing Him.66. When the witnesses first disagreed.‟” (In essence He was saying. John 18:28. Cf. Matthew 26:66. If the high priest did not have on his priestly robe. John 11:53. Mark 14:56-59. It should have been by roll with the youngest voting first. keeping his distance yet watching what happens. John 18:31. The trial under Caiaphas took place in his home rather than the council chamber where it should have been held. It was illegal to carry weapons on a feast day. Matt hew 26:63-65. in the hall of hewn stone.) 62At this. In fact. Here it is simultaneous. The balloting was illegal. He had been predicting His own death and subsequent resurrection. 60But they couldn‟t find any.23.. pressed Him for a statement. ―I command you by the living God. He was never permitted to tear his official robe.) 63But Jesus was silent. It was the duty of a judge to see that the interest of the accused was fully protected. No witness was ever called for the defense. John 18:3. No prisoner could be convicted on his own evidence. but the law demanded it be pronounced in the temple. John 18:28. Cf Ps 27:12) 61and stated. John 18:22.) 58Peter. he couldn‘t have put Christ under oath. The Jews failed to find two witnesses agreeing against Jesus. The high priest rends his garment. Then the high priest told him. “This man said. John 18:13. ―I am the Christ. followed him at a distance as far as the high priest‟s courtyard.

“He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Listen! You yourselves have just heard the blasphemy! (High Priest violated Lev 21:10.” (The Galileans had a particular dialect). but scandalous. 75Peter remembered the words of Jesus when he said.‖ In verse 64 the first you is singular. 68saying. He denied Christ before: 1. you‟ll deny me three times.Matthew body. Mar 14:69-70.‖ Cf Mat 26:34. 2. Cf. too.) 66What is your verdict?” They replied. the people who were standing there came up and told Peter. Just then a rooster crowed. ―. 74Then he began to curse violently. the crowd that stood by: Mat . In Mark.. In Matthew.” 72Again he denied it and swore with an oath. Joh 13:38. one during the night and another at dawn. see also Luk 22:34. “I don‟t know what you‟re talking about!” he exclaimed. another woman saw him and told those who were there. 25-27) 69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard when a servant girl came up to him and said.) 73After a little while. “You. which states that the High Priest must never tear his clothes.‖ Cf Mar 14:30. Luke. “Before a rooster crows. you will deny me three times.” 70But he denied it in front of them all. the prediction is. which is also in Jewish law that your testimony could not be used against you. John 18:15-18. (Peter's darkest hour had now arrived. because your accent gives you away. Ps 110:1. The problem with this logic is that it is self-incrimination. “Prophesy to us. and John. sitting at His right hand and coming on the clouds of heaven. The second and third you is plural. I appear to be just another man. Also it is possible that the Gospels record at least six different denials by Peter. Mar 14:66-68. “I don‟t know the man!” (―The Man‖ was his Master. 3. a young woman: Mat 26:69-70. another young woman: Mat 26:71-72. you Messiah! Who hit you?” (The entire proceeding was not only un-juridical. You see Me in the days of My humiliation. “Obviously you‟re also one of them. were with Jesus the Galilean. ―before a rooster crows. “I don‟t know the man!” he swore solemnly.” Then he went outside and cried bitterly. The High Priest understood that Jesus was claiming to be God.. But the day is coming when you Jews will see Me as the glorified One. Dan 7:13) 65Then the high priest tore his robes and said. “This man was with Jesus from Nazareth. Some slapped him. There is a seeming contradiction in the Gospels concerning the number and timing of the denials. referring to Caiaphas.) Peter Denies Jesus (Mark 14:66-72. referring to the Jews as representative of those Israelites living at the time of Christ's glorious appearing. Luke 22:56-62. (The familiar sound pierced not only the quiet of the early hours but Peter's heart as well. “He deserves to die!” 67Then they spit in his face and hit him. Jesus is reported as saying.before a rooster crows twice. Possibly there was more than one rooster crowing. you will deny me three times. equal in all respects with God. who will clearly see that He is the Son of God.) 71As he went out to the gateway.

the governor. but in some sense. (There is a classic story about a man who was thumbing through his Bible looking for a verse and found ―Judas went out and hanged himself. a servant of the high priest: John 18:26-27. “What do we care? Attend to that yourself. didn't I?‖ The others are not described as saying this. by the name of Herod.) 2They bound him with chains. would not be relinquished until the Messiah came. the punishment for which was a capital crime. Opposition to Jesus unites the bitterest foes. regretted what had happened when he saw that Jesus was condemned. Rome put in a puppet king. ran away. means that their authority. of no practical value because they were attempting to try Him for blasphemy. Jesus was growing up in Nazareth. ―I saw you in the garden with him. 6. He brought the 30 pieces of silver back to the high priests and elders. They were a Province of Judea under the rulership of Rome. There was a time when they lost their authority for capital punishment. (The arrest and trial of Chapter 26 was at night. They wanted to put Jesus to death.‖ Not satisfied. They had to politic their way to get Jesus put to death. and hanged himself. he . they were willing to ―use‖ this power to satisfy a greater hatred. (―Pontius Pilate‖ was the direct Roman authority for the area. Mar 14:70-71. but had no legal authority to do so. at that time.) The Death of Judas (Acts 1:18-19) 3Then Judas. Shiloh. This whole trial was not only illegal by Jewish law. 4. led him away.Matthew 26:73-74. a man: Luk 22:58.” But they replied. The person who was guilty for blasphemy was to be put to death and they did not have the power to put anyone to death. Luke 23:1-2. The Jewish authorities lost the power of capital punishment many years before.) Matthew 27 Jesus is Taken to Pilate (Mark 15:1. However.” (These arch conspirators who had cooperated so eagerly a few hours ago now refused to have any further part in the matter. In Gen 49:10. This is one of the rewards of treachery. and handed him over to Pontius Pilate. another man: Luk 22:59-60. We believe this last man is different from the others because he said. “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood. a non-Jew. an Idumaean. Though their hatred of everything Roman was intense. and they mourned believing that the Messiah had not yet come as the verse had indicated. 5. John 18:28-32) 1When morning came.) 5Then he flung the pieces of silver into the sanctuary. 4saying. all the high priests and elders of the people conspired against Jesus to put him to death. went outside. who had betrayed him. the sceptre.

(They could not use blood money for the Temple treasury. Judas hung himself exactly as Matthew affirms that he did. and was recorded by Zechariah.‖  Cf Mat 27:5 & Luk 10:37.” (The high priests. Cf. “They took the 30 pieces of silver. but it was included in the scroll of Jeremiah. it is in Zechariah 11:12-13. As the Lord had said. Perhaps. because it is blood money. Whenever someone came to Jerusalem and died. was not in the writings of Jeremiah. they made the outside of the cup clean. This is the very thing one would expect of someone who hanged himself from a tree over a cliff and fell on sharp rocks below. 10and they gave them for the potter‟s field. and his body opened up at the middle and his intestines gushed out. he then prophecies against the city of Jerusalem. predicting all these horrible things that would happen. he talks about the potter. Luke 23:3-5. the prophecy was indeed spoken by Jeremiah.) 6The high priests picked up the pieces of silver and said. they could prepay some expenses. The scroll of Jeremiah where that prophecy was found. All prophesied around 800 years earlier!) 8That is why that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. but inside it was full of deceit. so it was an idiom of library usage. in Jeremiah chapters 17 to 19. However. treachery. because the prophecy that is there is not in Jeremiah. note that the verse says ―spoken by Jeremiah‖ it does not say written by Jeremiah. were the guilty ones who paid that money to have the Messiah turned over to them. The account in Acts simply adds that Judas fell. they would have to pay for the burial.) Pilate Questions Jesus (Mark 15:2-5.” (Many problems arise from this verse.Matthew looked for another and found ―Go and do thou likewise. Cf Acts 1:18. the value of the man on whom a price had been set by the Israelis. Thus. the Book of Acts says that he fell and his body burst open. John 18:33-38) .) 7So they decided to use the money to buy the Potter‟s Field as a burial ground for foreigners. Many scholars will say that the scrolls of the Hebrew prophets were in such an order. Almost as if Jeremiah is looking through this reference and prophesying against Jerusalem for some of the burdens they are going to bear as a result of what is happening. they bought the potter‘s field for this use. 9Then what had been declared through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled when he said. However. Another possibility. as the Lord commanded me. “It is not lawful to put this into the Temple treasury. but mutually complementary. and that the money would end up in the hands of the potter. In speaking of the potter. These accounts are not contradictory. Did Judas die by hanging or by falling on rocks? Matthew declares that Judas hanged himself. This didn't seem to bother them. and murder. too ―spiritual‖ to put the money into the temple treasury because it was blood money. that Zechariah was included in the scroll that included Jeremiah. Zech 11:12-13 which predicts that Jesus would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver and that the transaction would occur in the House of God. but Zechariah. Another view.

tradition and legends hold that she was actually a Jewish gal who converts to be a Christian. (Jesus did not defend Himself. they were the oppressors. the conquerors. 22Pilate asked them. so that the governor was very surprised. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said. There were three feasts which required that every able-bodied male attend in Jerusalem of which the Passover Festival was one.) Jesus is Sentenced to Death (Mark 15:6-15. They put in power Herod. ―Bar‖ = Son of. because today I have suffered terribly due to a dream I had about him. they would let the people pick one prisoner which they would release. “Then what should I do with Jesus. She urged her husband to adopt a handsoff policy with regard to Jesus. “Which of the two men do you want me to release for you?” “Barabbas!” they replied. 13Then Pilate asked him. 21So the governor asked them. “Which man do you want me to release for you—Barabbas. (―every festival‖: i. Pilate asked them.) 18He did this because he knew that they had handed him over out of jealousy. John 18:39-19:16) 15At every festival the governor had a custom of releasing to the crowd any prisoner whom they wanted. his wife sent him a message that said. (Claudia Procula . The Romans were also very superstitious. Here Jesus answers Pilate. So one gimmick to win popularity was an amnesty. Pilate is amazed at His silence. who is called the Messiah?” They all said. or Jesus who is called „the Messiah‟?” (This was Pilate‘s big hope.Matthew 11Meanwhile. Jesus was made to stand in front of the governor.” (The proceedings were momentarily interrupted by a messenger from Pilate's wife. We have no evidence of these being correct. The governor asked him. The Romans were unwelcome. “Don‟t you hear how many charges they‟re bringing against you?” 14But Jesus did not reply at all. Luke 23:13-25.) 20But the high priests and elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to demand that Jesus be put to death. and another guy who is up due to some religious argument by the envious chief Priests. Here is a guy who is a known felon. unlike the last trial.” (Can‘t help but think that Pilate‘s question is sarcastic as here he is as the seated authority of the world empire responsible for this territory. He did acknowledge who He was just as He did under oath before the Sanhedrin. “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. (―Barabbas‖: Some of the older manuscripts indicate his name was Jesus Barabbas. “You say so.) 16At that time they were holding a notorious prisoner named Barabbas. Isa 53:7. who tried to win popularity through building projects. ―Abba‖= The Father. “Let him be crucified!” (This is a very strange request on .e. Passover Festival. Cf. Pilate is nervous about an insurrection.) 12While Jesus was being accused by the high priests and elders. Satanic pun involved?) 17So when the people had gathered. he made no reply. she had had a very disturbing dream about Him.) 19While he was sitting on the judge‟s seat.

So he took some water and washed his hands in front of the crowd.Matthew the part of the Jewish crowd. it is one of them.” (He was symbolizing that he was washing his hands of the whole affair. “Let him be crucified!” (Meaning ―Nail him to a cross!‖ It was too late to plead for calm deliberation. Deut 21. thinking he could absolve himself of responsibility by his inaction. (A large leather whip with bits of sharp metal embedded in it was brought down across His back. Cf 2 Cor 5:21. John 19:2-3) 27Then the governor‟s soldiers took Jesus into the imperial headquarters and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him.) 25All the people answered. 2 Sam 3. Since scarlet is associated with sin . sinful creatures. There's a lesson here for each of us as well. If they were seeking a religious execution they would plead for Him to be stoned. “I am innocent of this man‟s blood. Ps 26. He was a man in a responsible position who refused to take responsible action. mob hysteria had taken over. The curse will remain until they acknowledge the rejected Jesus as their Messiah-King. the robe pictures our sins being placed on Jesus so that God's robe of righteousness might be placed on us. “What has he done wrong?” But they kept shouting louder and louder. Pilate blew it! Why did he do it? He‘s frightened of an insurrection. they stoned him or her. (Probably several hundred men. not a Roman procedure. Normally.) The Soldiers Make Fun of Jesus (Mark 15:16-20. When someone was guilty of blasphemy. but he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified. saying. By Roman standards. They still face the fearsome Time of Jacob's Trouble—those seven years of tribulation described in Matthew 24 and Revelation 6-19. What made the Romans so strong was their regard for discipline and law. They must have been bribed to do that. when they see someone crucified.) 24Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere. Therefore. Attend to that yourselves. vulgar soldiers—His unworthy. But that robe has a message for us. The pride of Rome was that you were under the protection of Rome.) 23He asked. Pilate had concluded and announced that Jesus was innocent. The form of capital punishment throughout the Old Testament and throughout Israel‘s history has been stoning. “Let his blood be on us and our children!” (Since then the people of Israel have staggered from ghetto to pogrom. each lash opening up the flesh and releasing streams of blood. from concentration camp to gas chamber. (… in imitation of a king's robe.) 29Twisting some thorns into a . which the Romans are trying to shame. but that a riot was about to break out instead. the Jews.) 26Then he released Barabbas for them.Isa 1:18. Cf. What followed is hard to imagine! The Creator and Sustainer of the universe suffered unspeakable indignities from cruel. Pilate was responsible to protect Him. There is a bitter hatred between the Jews and the Romans.) 28They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him. suffering the awful guilt of the blood of their rejected Messiah. This is a Jewish procedure.

) 33When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means “Skull Place”). He didn't say a word. (. The Latin phrase is ―Calvary. (. Ps 69:21. that curse is symbolically carried on the head of our Savior. The whole concept of crucifixion was a slow painful. (Cf. They didn't know that the hand that held that stick is the hand that rules the world. Mark 15:21 mentions his two sons. whom they forced to carry Jesus‟ cross. they placed it on his head and put a stick in his right hand. They knelt down in front of him and began making fun of him. others that he was a black man.Matthew victor‟s crown. driving the long thorns ever painfully deeper into His skull. resort to sensational journalism. (Matthew describes the crucifixion simply and unemotionally. Paintings of a ―suffering Savior‖ on the cross can never do justice to the agonies He suffered for us. (―Golgotha‖ is the Hebrew. The important thing is that he had the wonderful privilege of bearing the cross. They also gave Him a stick—a mock scepter. they found a man from Cyrene named Simon. we understand that He wore a crown of thorns that we might wear a crown of glory. agonizing death. For Him it was necessary to bear the full load of man's sins with no impairment of His senses. Cf Isaiah 52:14. he refused to drink it. He simply states the fact: and they had crucified Him.. Simon was from Cyrene. (He declined the drink because it would numb Him. when God curses the earth in Genesis 3. He does not indulge in dramatics. It was . Luke 23:26-43. “Long live the king of the Jews!” (Beyond their crude jest. He bore the curse that was put on creation because of sin. the symbol of that curse is thorns. The crowns that start in Genesis. If only they had known. Jesus bore it all patiently. they would not have sat down and kept watch. to make sure no one would come and take Him down. Yet eternity itself will not exhaust the depths of those words.) 30Then they spit on him and took the stick and hit him repeatedly on his head. But when he tasted it. Thus. Isa 50:6) 31When they had finished making fun of him. and led him away to crucify him. find their climax here at the crucifixion. Cf Heb 12:3. Some think he was a Jew. put his own clothes back on him. or dwell on sordid details. but found in Isaiah 50 is that they tore off His beard! Cf. That nail-scarred hand of Jesus now holds the scepter of universal dominion. ―crown of thorns‖: Meant to inflict pain and to make a mock symbol of authority. they determined who would get his clothes by throwing dice for them.) 35After they had crucified him.. in northern Africa. In a symbolic Biblical sense. saying. See Psalm 22:18. Jesus is Crucified (Mark 15:21-32. These soldiers apparently had no sense of history being made.. Not described here in the New Testament. Church tradition that his two sons were saved.. no alleviation of His pain. they would have knelt down and worshiped.‖) 34they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall. John 19:23-24.) 36Then they sat down there and continued guarding him. John 19:17-27) 32As they were leaving. they stripped him of the robe. Cf. Indeed.

Cf Luke 23:39-43. Pilate overruled them. shaking their heads. the king of the Jews. The arms are pinned and the physical weight on the arms is enormous. rather it was very extended. Mark says. to get on with it.Mar 15:26. ―The King of the Jews‖ . It was not quick. The fulfillment of Exodus 34. “You who were going to destroy the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days—save yourself! If you‟re the Son of God. Cf Isa 53:12. Let him come down from the cross now. (William Booth said. for whatever administrative reasons might prevail. come down from the cross!” 41In the same way the high priests. We find that they do this to the others on the cross.‖ The chief priests protested that the title should not be a statement of fact. because the Passover lamb was not to have a bone broken. Cf John 19:19-22. and we will believe in him. were also making fun of him. they start to go through and break the legs of the ones that are still alive.) 38At that time two bandits were crucified with him. the King of the Jews.John 19:19. since it is getting on towards evening. Because it is such a slow and agonizing process. along with the scribes and elders. “This is Jesus. the soldier throws a spear up in the Lord‘s side and blood and water come out. However. one on his right and the other on his left. It read. but the mere claim of the Accused. but when they come to the Lord they find that He is already dead. Latin. (Isaiah predicted 700 years previously that He would be numbered with the transgressors.) 43He trusts in God. However. 42“He saved others but can‟t save himself! He is the king of Israel. Thus. After all. „I am the Son of .” (The exact wording of the superscription varies somewhat in the four Gospels. it is fascinating that the Roman did not break the legs like all the rest. and Greek. It is possible that each Gospel only gives part of the complete statement. The whole statement may have read ―This is Jesus from Nazareth.) 37Above his head they placed the charge against him. and John: ―Jesus from Nazareth. Cf.‖ ―He saved others but can‘t save himself‖: It was true in the Lord's life and in ours. One of these thieves is saved in the nick of time. But to make absolutely sure. 40and saying. he said. It was physically very visible. So to make sure that they are all dead by sundown. it was elevated on a post so that lots could see. the truth was there for all to see—in Hebrew. Let God rescue him. ―They claimed they would have believed if He had come down. specifically to be demeaning. whether dead or alive.Matthew invented by the Romans. Luke: ―This is the King of the Jews‖ . One of the ways to speed up the process was to break the legs of the person being crucified because then they could not relieve the pressure on his chest cavity and he would suffocate more quickly. if he wants to do so now. We can't save others while seeking to save ourselves. it becomes necessary from time to time. They kept saying. What happens is that it puts so much strain on the chest cavity that ultimately the person dies of suffocation or any of several other physiological things that can occur. the King of the Jews‖ . we believe because He stayed up. and as an accommodation to the Jews. they do not want the bodies on the cross at sunset because the Passover is about to start. and it would serve as an example to the crowd.Luk 23:38. too. The way to get a breath is to relieve the pressure on your arms by pushing up with your feet.) 39Those who passed by kept insulting him. in just a few hours he was with Christ in Paradise. Ps 22.

and soaked it in some sour wine. Literally. eli. The only way was if He voluntarily yielded His life. (Did both robbers revile Christ. Part of the Everlasting Covenant between Jesus and the Father. Ps 22:1. and your debt marked off.) 51Suddenly. sounds like Eli) 48So one of the men ran off at once.” (Elijah in Heb. (Dark from noon till three! All the sufferings and indignities which He bore at the hands of men were minor compared to what He now faced. (Who killed Him? Nobody could if they tried. settled the debt. Cf John 10:17-18. Jesus cried out with a loud voice. they said. it was time for Jesus to die. Then he put it on a stick and offered Jesus a drink.) 46About three o‟clock. We only know that in those three hours He paid the price. meaning ―paid in full. He died because He chose to. not in weakness. In those three hours were compressed the hell which we deserved. darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon.‖ This is what Jesus said on the cross—Tetelestai—meaning ―paid in full‖ and can be translated ―It is finished‖. The fact that He yielded up His spirit distinguished His death from all others. we simply cannot know what it meant for Him to satisfy all God's righteous claims against sin. When finished with your sentence. the wrath of God against all our transgressions. It was during that time that He bore the indescribable curse of our sins. John 19:28-30) 45From noon on. Messianic prophecy fulfilled: Psalm 22:6–8.) 50Then Jesus cried out with a loud voice again and died. why have you forsaken me?” (―Eli‖ = ―Eloi‖ = dual word: ―My God.‖ yet implies two. excruciating means ‗out of the cross.‟” 44In a similar way. “Wait! Let‟s see if Elijah will come and save him. lema sabachthani?”. my God. The loud voice demonstrates that He died in strength.Mal 4:5. Cf. the bandits who were being crucified with him kept insulting him. See other Gospels. but that later one repented. which is what He did for you and I. which would be signed. you had a certificate. Luke 23:44-49. they would write Tetelestai. and finished the work necessary for man's redemption. (Judging from Psalm 69:21. My God. In fact.Matthew God. “My God.‘‖) 47When some of the people standing there heard this. it was literally beyond words to describe. they had to invent a new word: excruciating. We see it only dimly. The religious leaders united with criminals in vilifying their God. We die because we have to. But it was not time for Elijah to come .” (The general attitude was to wait and see if Elijah would fulfill the role Jewish tradition assigned to him —coming to the aid of the righteous. In that day if you were imprisoned. this was not intended as an act of mercy but as an added form of suffering. took a sponge. The pain that Jesus endured was absolutely unbearable. the curtain in the sanctuary was torn in two from top . “He‟s calling for Elijah.) Jesus Dies on the Cross (Mark 15:33-41. “Eli. ―It is finished‖: Final words of Jesus.) 49But the others kept saying. which means. or did only one do this? This difficulty is easily resolved on the supposition that at first both reviled the Lord.

and he could enter on only one day of the year. Luke 23:50-56. went into the Holy City. (We must try to imagine the surprise to Pilate. the earth shook. they came out of their tombs. (This curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place. the first resurrection is a category not a moment in time. This act separated him forever from the establishment that killed the Lord Jesus. (Joseph of Arimathea.) 53After his resurrection. and not with the death of those who were crucified with Him. 56Among them were Mary Magdalene. But don‘t presume that the first resurrection happened at one time. and many saints who had died were brought back to life. Cf Heb 10:19-20. They had accompanied Jesus from Galilee and had ministered to him. the high priest. In a real sense Joseph buried himself economically. rocks were split open. watching from a distance. 60Then he . a rich man arrived from Arimathea. and the mother of Zebedee‟s sons. or an acknowledgment that Jesus was more than man? We cannot be sure.) 55Now many women were also there. John 19:38-42) 57Later that evening. and a realization that the disturbances of nature were somehow connected with the death of Jesus.) 54When the centurion and those guarding Jesus with him saw the earthquake and the other things that were taking place.) 52tombs were opened. they were terrified and said. They remained with Christ when the male disciples ran for their lives!) Jesus is Buried (Mark 15:42-47. It does indicate a sense of awe. and the provocation to the Jews. and we know very little about it. But now the humblest believer can enter God's presence in prayer and praise at any time. His name was Joseph. (―Holy City‖: i.Matthew to bottom. This verse occurs only in Matthew. and he had become a disciple of Jesus. But let us never forget that the privilege was purchased for us at tremendous cost—the blood of Jesus.e.) 59So Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth. Mary the mother of James and Joseph. must have had influence. as he just went to Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus.) 58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. We know that there are two resurrections. could enter the inner sanctuary. The death of God's Son also produced tremendous upheavals in nature—as if there was an empathy between inanimate creation and its Creator. and Pilate ordered it to be done. Jerusalem. (The fearless devotion of these women stands out with special luster. (The Bible does not say whether these risen saints died again or went to heaven with the Lord Jesus. Only one man. that a member of the Sanhedrin would publicly take his stand for the Crucified. and religiously when he buried the body of Jesus. “This man certainly was the Son of God!” (What did the centurion mean? Was this a full confession of Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. socially. and appeared to many people. The first resurrection will be completed when the Millennium starts because there is 1000 years before the second resurrection. Jesus was part of the first resurrection along with these saints.

which he had cut out of the rock. was a special Sabbath.‟ (Jesus‘ enemies remembered what the disciples forgot! His enemies worried that His body would not be there on the third day!) 64Therefore. „He has been raised from the dead. ―as secure as you know how. Leviticus 23:5.” (They must realize that they messed up.‖ They did their best. “Sir.‟ Then the last deception would be worse than the first one.) 66So they went and secured the tomb by putting a seal on the stone in the presence of the guards. The Passover and Saturday. The very next . The Feast of Trumpets. Luke 24:1-12. after the Day of Preparation). in addition to the regular Sabbaths. But God overruled their plans and used Joseph to insure that He was buried with the rich. God had commanded that several special Sabbaths be observed each year in Israel.) Matthew 28 Jesus is Raised from the Dead (Mark 16:1-8. (The precautions His enemies took only resulted in God's overruling the plans of the wicked and offering indisputable proof of the King's resurrection. This would be needful if Christ was to be dead three days and three nights. We don‘t know their thoughts but it appears that by now they apparently have come to the conclusion that they blew it. we remember how that impostor said while he was still alive. “You have a military guard. or his disciples may go and steal him and then tell the people. They sealed the stone and stationed guards. he left. was a special Sabbath. the 1st day of the 7th month. Nisan. The Day of Atonement. as He prophesied. Leviticus 16:29-31. but their best security measures were just not good enough. John 20:1-10) 1After the Sabbaths. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to take a look at the burial site. order the tomb to be secured until the third day. „I will be raised after three days. 23:26-32. sitting in front of the tomb. Cf Isa 53:9) 61but Mary Magdalene and the other Mary remained there.) 65Pilate told them. The Passover was observed after sundown on the 14th day of the first Israeli month.Matthew placed it in his own new tomb. from robbers. The Tomb is Secured 62The following day (that is. They had made a martyr out of Him. around dawn on the first day of the week.” (Pilate‘s cynical remark. (There were evidently two Sabbath days here. After rolling a large stone across the door of the tomb. (―stone‖ used to seal up the grave. Leviticus 23:23-25. His enemies had doubtless planned to throw His body into the Valley of Hinnom to be consumed by dump-fires or eaten by foxes. Go and make the tomb as secure as you know how. the 10th day of the 7th month. the high priests and Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63and said.

the Son and the Holy Spirit.18 it was the Son. The special Sabbath. Here the angels denote ―Galilee.) 7Then go quickly and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day. And further proof that Jesus died on Wednesday: The Sunday afternoon after the crucifixion as two of Jesus' followers were on their way to Emmaus. terrified but also ecstatic. Come and see the place where he was lying. and his clothes were white as snow. there was a powerful earthquake. This is documented by a historian who is an unbeliever! Who raised Jesus from the dead? According to Hebrews 13:20.) 8So they quickly left the tomb. each event can be found ascribed to the Father. but to let the girls in!) 3His appearance was bright as lightning. “Stop being frightened! I know you‟re looking for Jesus. who was crucified. resulting in Jesus being dead three whole days and three whole nights. the 15th of Nisan. The fact that the tomb was empty is proof that His redemption is sufficient. the 15th of Nisan. That was then followed by the regular Sabbath. it was the Father. because an angel of the Lord had come down from heaven. the Trinity is established in the linguistics of the text. (Why did the angel move the stone? Not to let the Lord out. On the other hand. what we would call a ―county. and John 10:17. innocent and adequate. but it has no validity unless He rose from the dead. Mention is made in John 19:31 that the Sabbath of the next day was a special Sabbath. 20. the angel said. rolled it away. (―He has been raised‖: Rom 8. That was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.Matthew day. This really leads to the fact that all the great acts. Did the women tell of their . Josephus describes the fact that Jesus appeared to his disciples on the third day. as the Jewish day begins at sundown. So what evidently happened was that Jesus ate the Passover in the beginning hours of the 14th of Nisan.) 4Trembling from fear. the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. and you will see him there. was always a special Sabbath. the Lamb of God died on the cross. even the guards themselves became like the dead. they would have done so.‖ Mark 16:8. (Cf. ‖ which is a fairly large area. If He had died on Thursday or Friday. they stated that it had now been three days since Jesus died. He is going ahead of you into Galilee.Thursday. approached the stone. (Mark says that the women returning from the empty tomb ―didn‘t say a thing to anyone. just as he said. Heb 1:7 gives a physical description of angels. was the next day . I have told you!” (We are to find later that they meet in a preappointed place. and was sitting on top of it.) 6He is not here.‖ Jesus‘ resurrection is the most important fact of our lives. Remember. Luke 24:21. According to the gospel of John 2:19.) 2Suddenly. the woman must have done something to prompt an answer. it would have been only one or two whole days since He died. perhaps a scream or even a gasp. 5Responding to the women. If His enemies could have produced the body. 1 Cor 15:3-4. or a body. (The angel ―answered‖ them. Rom 8:11 describes it as the work of the Holy Spirit. 21. making the two Sabbaths. because they were afraid. It was an extra Sabbath they were commanded to observe. and ran to tell Jesus‟ disciples. Leviticus 23:6-7. The fact that He died for our sins is important because it provides the basis by which God can forgive us. Cf. He must have been crucified on a Wednesday. He has been raised.

Matthew experience at the tomb or not? Matthew does not actually say the women told the disciples.‖ And that is predicted in Ps 22:22. Jesus appeared first to Mary Magdalene.) The Guards Report to the High Priests 11While the women were on their way. why would they not track down the disciples. why had they taken time to remove the grave-clothes and fold the napkin? Luke 24:12. 12So they met with the elders and agreed on a plan to give the soldiers a large amount of money. John 20:6-7. Paul was not giving a complete list. (If Jesus was not God. but not the whole watch. Did Christ appear first to the women or to His disciples? Both Matthew and Mark list women as the first to see the resurrected Christ.) 9Suddenly. They also recognized that it might be worth money. and search for the body. the penalty was death. but they were able to get bribes and leverage on the boss so they would not be accountable for their failure. did as they were instructed. if you were caught sleeping on watch.) 14If this is reported to the governor. how did they know that the disciples stole the body? If the story was true. But Paul lists Peter.” (First time that Jesus calls His disciples. as the first one to see Christ after His resurrection. Why did these Roman soldiers go to the Chief Priests first? Perhaps. They were in deep trouble. it is possible for a guard to fall asleep. some of the guards went into the city and told the high priests everything that had happened. “Greetings!” They went up to him. it is understandable that the apostle would not list the women as witnesses in his defense of the resurrection here. He would have been transgressing the Law of God by receiving their worship. Since only men‘s testimony was considered legal or official in the first century. and then later spoke up as Matthew may imply. then to the other women. This explanation raises more questions than it answers. Cf 1 Corinthians 15:5. . but they went back with the intention to tell them. Cephas.) 15So the soldiers took the money. “Say that Jesus‟ disciples came at night and stole him while you were sleeping. Jesus met them and said. ―brothers. It may be that at first they held their peace as Mark indicated. they knew that the Chief Priests would have the biggest equity in the result.” (Actually the soldiers were paid to tell a story incriminating themselves. why did the soldiers have to be bribed to tell it? If the disciples had stolen the body. and worshipped him. we‟ll personally persuade him to keep you out of trouble.) 10Then Jesus told them. (―to this day‖ refers to the day that Matthew is writing. In the Roman army. (Romans do not sleep on watch! The whole story is preposterous. and this story has been spread among the Jews to this day. Why were the soldiers sleeping when they should have been on guard? How could the disciples have rolled the stone away without waking the guards? How could all the soldiers have fallen asleep at the same time? If they were asleep. but only the important one for his purpose. If the story was true. and they will see me there. “Stop being frightened! Go and tell my brothers to leave for Galilee. (―large amount of money‖: Probably more than 30 pieces of silver!) 13They said. took hold of his feet. and then to Peter.

(. But hard-fisted Simon Peter and John. Acts 1:6-8) 16The eleven disciples went into Galilee to the hillside to which Jesus had directed them. was not intended merely for the eleven remaining disciples. Well. brainy men have advanced these theories. not a suggestion. Think about this for a moment. Here are two of them: 1.. Others have suggested that Jesus did not die. To be righteous. there was an angel who said. ―He is not here. This commission now becomes ours to fulfill—to reach everyone in our time.‖ Do you think the angel went to the wrong tomb too? Yet.) 19Therefore. by My Father. though some had doubts. This was Jesus Christ‘s last command to the Christian community. Phil 2:9-11. This was a command. In Matthew 28:19 Jesus instructs his followers to baptize ―in . two fishermen who were not crying. He is risen. let's grant that for the women. when they got to the tomb and found that it was empty. This was his private garden. we must do everything that God calls us to do. disciple people in all nations. This is a nonsensical one! 2. First of all it has been suggested that the women went to the wrong tomb. The Great Commission.) Jesus Commissions His Disciples (Mark 16:14-18. is the historic evidence for the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. but it cannot be disproved. and that he was resuscitated somehow in this damp tomb and then came forth. unshakable and unmovable. as you go. John 20:19-23. this was not a cemetery of Joseph of Arimathea.. This command is the duty of every man and woman who confesses Christ as Lord. (We cannot pick and choose which commands of our Lord we will follow. They had a great big stone rolled against this tomb and this was sealed with seals of the Roman government. it must nevertheless be our sincere intention and supreme aim to do so. of our Christian faith. No other tombs were there. Now. baptizing them in the name of the Father. Here you and I can stand and do battle for the faith because we have a situation which cannot be contradicted. (Even then some doubted! Why?) 18Then Jesus approached them and told them. No man on the inside of that tomb could ever roll back the stone which came down an incline and fitted into a groove. and the Holy Spirit. or just for the apostles or for those in present times who may have the gift of evangelism.Matthew Besides this story. One of the great foundation-stones. which there weren't. see the place where the Lord lay. The simple truth is that the resurrection of the Lord Jesus is a well-attested fact of history. don't forget. 17When they saw him. and the Son. they worshipped him. Mark 16:15-16. It can be denied. “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Would you miss the tomb of your dearest loved one between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning? Furthermore. let's say there were other tombs. and suppose the women with their tear-filled eyes stumbled around and got to the wrong tomb. Do you think they went to the wrong tomb? But more than that. He did not come out of that tomb as a weak invalid. but swooned away. also went to the tomb and found it empty. Even if we cannot achieve perfection in this obedience. Luke 24:36-49. there are other myths. Come.

and the Holy Spirit. and submission to. it is clear that Jesus is not the Holy Spirit.‖ Oneness Pentecostals are reading something into the text that simply is not there. For example. Jesus sent the Holy Spirit: John 15:26. 13-14. See for example Gen 5:2. Because the word ―name‖ is singular in Matthew 28:19. 48:16. The Holy Spirit seeks to glorify Jesus: John 16:13–14. The obedience of even the most godly Christian will be imperfect. singular in the Greek. it is not enough to simply make converts and let them fend for themselves. for the Father sent the Holy Spirit: John 14:16. It is an essential aspect of saving faith. for the Father sent the Son: John 3:16–17. It would be the height of human arrogance to suggest that all the theologians throughout church history have been wrong on this verse and only the Oneness Pentecostals understand it correctly. and this is brought about by systematic teaching of.Matthew the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. It is impossible to argue that Jesus is the Father and the Holy Spirit. 8:26–27. and Holy Spirit are one person—the person of Jesus Christ. Romans 2:1-10. 6:16. The Father knows the Son and the Son knows the Father: Matt. The Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus: Luke 3:22. but even though imperfect. not to three designations or titles of the one person of Jesus Christ. Jesus is our advocate with the Father: 1 John 2:1. Name in Matthew 28:19. They . A study of the singular form of the word name in Scripture proves that the word does not have to refer to a single Matthew 28:19 points to distinct persons. I am with you each and every day until the end of the age. Greek scholars universally recognize that the use of the definite articles before each noun . John 3:36. Hebrews 5:9. Son. 11:4. it is clear that Jesus is not the Father. These three verses contain what is called the Great Commission. The Father and Son speak to each other: John 11:41–42. for the Holy Spirit is said to be another comforter: John 14:16.‖ But in Acts 2:38 we find reference to baptizing ―in the name of Jesus Christ. This commission was not given only to the eleven followers of Christ. 1 John 2:3-5. 2 Peter 1:8-11. And the Holy Spirit intercedes with the Father on our behalf: Rom. and Holy Spirit are one person— Jesus Christ? There is absolutely no indication in this text that Jesus was cryptically referring to himself with the words ―the Father. Scripture is abundantly clear that the Father. 11:27. and Holy Spirit. Moreover. Son. they believe that this must mean that the Father.) 20teaching them to obey everything that I‟ve commanded you. They must be taught to obey the commandments of Christ as found in the NT. Nor is the Father the Holy Spirit.‖ Putting these verses together. Son. Oneness Pentecostals believe this means that ―Jesus‖ is the ―name‖ of the Father. Luke 6:46-49. the intention to fully obey must nevertheless be real. 14:21-23. James 1:22. Does this verse indicate that the Father. The essence of discipleship is becoming like the Master. The Father and Son love each other: John 3:35.” (The Commission goes beyond evangelism. the Son. and the Holy Spirit .the Father. and Holy Spirit are distinct persons. And remember. 15:8-10. Obeying His commands is not optional for those who desire to inherit eternal life. Theologians throughout church history have consistently interpreted this verse as referring to the three persons of the Trinity. Son. There is no saving faith apart from obedience. the Word. the Son. refers not to three designations or titles of one person but rather to three persons within the unity of the one God.

Let those questions come up. the more answers you will have. and then somehow find the answer. each convert is to be baptized in the name of the Father. Many times the best way is to just break right into a conversation and ask the question. See Romans 10:9-10. Someone will have the answer for you. His commands are just as binding upon us today as they were upon the apostles. The commission is to all of Christ's followers. or God in some special way will bring the answer to you. so they could not be reaching out to those who are alive today. "What do you think of Jesus Christ?" Or. wherever that may be. apply James 5:16 here. Also. Notice that Jesus informs us that He has been given unlimited power by the Father.Matthew are not living now. And Jesus was so concerned that He was willing to come from Heaven to be our Savior. You learn by doing. We are all to be missionaries. God was so concerned about our lost condition that He sent His Son in the person of Jesus Christ to suffer and die for our sins. The more you witness. All of us are to be reaching out to those who still need to hear the Great News. and accomplishes great things. and He will help you and fill you with His Spirit. who has been sent for this very purpose. So we can all be missionaries right where we are. Without God's forgiveness. Don't worry about questions or arguments that may come up for which you have no answers. "How does your future look?" Another question you could ask is. Therefore. If we are truly born again. Just a few suggestions: It is not necessary to try to move the conversation around to spiritual things in order to talk to people about the Lord. you can talk to that person about his or her need. Begin now to obey Christ by . "In your opinion. Luke 11:13. we are responsible to go to them with what we know. their future is a tragic and frightful one. and learn everything else we can so that we will have the message of life to give them. Christ's message is still in force today. Don't wait for opportunities to witness. It is the responsibility of every one of us to go to others with the message of life. Once the door is opened. The fervent. Son. "Are you planning on making it to Heaven?" Or. And in the last part of this commission. If you find it impossible to begin witnessing. He will always be with us with unlimited power! Just you and God can be a massive army! With such promises. what is the greatest consideration in life?" The hardest part about witnessing for Jesus is getting started. "Hey. and Holy Spirit. knowing that we have Jesus with us and that He has all the power necessary to make it possible for us to effectively witness to those who are still lost. persevering prayer of a person who is right with God is powerfully effective. will enable you to get started in the conversation. "Do you know how to get to Heaven—for sure?" Or even ask the question. Don't lightly regard these commands from the Lord. we should be willing to go forth boldly. And notice that the command is that we teach these new converts to obey everything that Jesus commanded His apostles to obey. We must likewise be intensely concerned for those who are still lost and need the message of God's love. are you planning on being there?" Or. Any one of these questions. He promises He will always be with us. and their conversion from living in sin to living in obedience to God. Go to God in desperation in fervent prayer. we will indeed be reaching out to others. make opportunities! And you can make opportunities by asking such questions. or some other question. Then the next time that question or argument comes up you will have the answer.

Matthew witnessing to everyone possible! The day of reckoning will soon be here. 6:23. Jesus said that in order to enter Heaven you must be born again. You can ask. even if we are not always able to perfectly fulfill our intentions. To be born again means that you sincerely make the decision. The message belongs to them as well as to us. and are not living to please Him." What are you doing to carry out His last command? . by asking. That must be our sincere aim and intent. many will admit they are not. Revelation 20:11-15. Christ commands us to go. and that the wages for such living is death—the second death. Whenever you ask someone if they are planning on making it to Heaven. We must also believe what He taught. Getting them to read the Bible or the New testament will be the greatest material you can get them to read. He said that unless you are born again you will never see Heaven. with God's help. what does it mean to be born again?" Their answer will usually tell you whether or not they really are." John 3:1-21. Do all that you can to help them see the truth! Pray much for God's guidance! We must go! We must go to everyone everywhere and share the Good News with them. So many people have a false hope. "Are you born again? You know. instead of God. "Are you born again?" You may be surprised at the many who will claim to be a Christian. you should follow up wha¬ever answer they give. and He taught the necessity of absolute obedience to God. We will be condemned if we keep the message from them. 4." Are you born again? It is not enough to merely believe the facts about Jesus. Then explain to them that the Bible reveals that every single person on earth has been selfishly living to please himself. They may not know what it means to be born again. In fact. to make sure that they really are. "In your understanding. but they know they are not right with God. probe. Another way of saying that is. Even when a person claims to be born again. 3. See Romans 3:23. that He suffered and died for our sins. In that way you will have a continuing contact with them as they read what you left them. that He is the Son of God. "To be born again means: To unconditionally surrender all that you know about yourself to all that you know about God. One of the most important questions you will need to ask folks when witnessing to them is. Will you be found faithful? Find good printed material that you can leave with those to whom you witness. Most of them are willing to listen to what we have to say. We are not to wait for them to come to us! "1. 2. to turn from living to please yourself to now live to please God. or they may say they attend such and such a church. but when you ask them if they are born again. So if you expect to be in Heaven you must be born again.

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