Common Test Parameters for Operational Amplifiers | Operational Amplifier | Amplifier

# Common Test Parameters for Operational Amplifiers

Test Parameter

Typ. Unit

Typical Description
Each input of an operational amplifier has a certain amount of current that flows in or out of it. This is basically the leakage current of the input transistor, i.e., the base leakage current if the input transistor is bipolar, or the gate leakage current if it is a FET. This current is known as the input bias current, and is ideally zero. Example of an Actual Spec: AD829: 3.3 µA typ.; 7 µA max. This is simply the mismatch or difference between the input bias currents flowing through the inputs. This is ideally zero. Example of an Actual Spec: AD829: 50 nA typ.; 500 nA max. An ideal operational amplifier will give an output of 0V if both of its inputs are shorted together. A real-world op amp will have a non-zero voltage output even if its inputs are shorted together. This is the effect of its input offset voltage, which is the slight voltage present across its inputs brought about by its non-zero input offset current. In essence, the input voltage offset is also the voltage that needs to be applied across the inputs of an op amp to make its output zero. Example of an Actual Spec: AD712C: 0.1 mV typ.; 0.3 mV max. This is the ratio of the op amp's output voltage to its differential input voltage without any external feedback. Example of an Actual Spec: AD712: 150 V/mV min.; 400 V/mV typ. This is the product of the op amp's open-loop voltage gain and the frequency at which it was measured. Example of an Actual Spec: AD829: 750 MHz for Vs=+/-15V This is the rate of change of the op amp's voltage output over time when its gain is set to unity (Gain =1). Example of an Actual Spec: AD712: 16 V/µsec min.; 20 V/µsec typ. This is the length of time for the output voltage of an operational amplifier to approach, and remain within, a certain tolerance of its final value. This is usually specified for a fast full-scale input step. Example of an Actual Spec: Settling time to 0.1% for a 10V step with Vs=+/15V: 90 nsec This is the ability of an operational amplifier to cancel out or reject any signals that are common to both inputs, and amplify any signals that are

Input Bias Current

µA

Input Offset Current

nA

Input Offset Voltage

mV

Open-Loop Gain

V/mV

Gain-Bandwidth Product

MHz

Slew Rate

V/µsec

Settling Time

nsec

Common Mode Rejection (CMR)

dB