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The educational system of the Philippines was patterned both from the educational systems of Spain and the

United States. However, after the liberation of the Philippines in 1946, the system changed radically. The Department of Education (or DepEd) administers the entire educational system, especially the curriculum, along with the utilization of given funds for school services, equipment, recruitment of teachers (for public schoolsonly), etc. The former educational system of the Philippines was composed of 6 years of elementary education starting at the age of 6,[3] and 4 years of high school education starting at the age of 12.[4] With this system, compulsory education is not enforced. However, 2011 signaled the start of the implementation of a new educational system, which is the K-12 educational system,[5] which includes the new curricula for all schools (see 2010s and the K-12 program). With this system, education will be now compulsory. All public and private schools in the Philippines must start classes from a date mandated by the Department of Education (usually every first Monday of June for public schools only), and must end after each school completes the mandated 200-day school calendar of DepEd (usually around the third week of March to the second week of April).

K12 (pronounced "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a designation for the sum of primary andsecondary education. It is used in the United States, Canada, Turkey, the Philippines, and Australia. P12 is also occasionally used in Australia.[1] The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 18- to 19year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.

With the introduction of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in the United States, it may be worthwhile for the Philippines to examine and observe how a new curriculum is implemented. The changes in the United States public school education are not as dramatic as the Philippines DepEd's K to 12. CCSS involves new standards for mathematics and english language arts. On the other hand, the new curriculum in the Philippines includes addition of kindergarten plus two years at the end of high school, mother tongue based - multilingual education, and a spiral curriculum for both math and science. CCSS is therefore so much smaller and yet, the discussions and consultations are wider and deeper in participation. When the draft of CCSS was made public back in March 2010, nearly 10,000 people provided feedback (half were K-12 teachers). And after almost three years, the discussion continues.

Sumber : http://philbasiceducation.blogspot.com/search/label/Curriculum#ixzz2fAFXvrpM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%E2%80%9312_(education) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_Philippines http://www.gov.ph/k-12/ http://philbasiceducation.blogspot.com/search/label/Curriculum http://www.gov.ph/2013/05/15/republic-act-no-10533/

Basic Education Curriculum (BEC), this is a form of tool which will stand as one point of learning areas as adequate for the development of competencies starting from Basic education up to the second level of which is renounced as High School. This will focus more on developing knowledge, skills, habits and attitudes through the guidance of educationalist assigned. As for 2015, wide grounding has been made for the Philippine Education For All which is known as EFA. A curriculum guides the instructional lessons that teachers use. A curriculum defines what the learner will learn and can possibly guide when the learner learns the information from the lesson. In the Philippines, we have a national curriculum implemented nationwide in all public elementary and secondary schools. It is called the Basic Education Curriculum (BEC).The private schools have the option to enrich or modify the BEC as circumstances in their schools dictate. Some of our students are very mobile. Sometimes in the course of the school year ,they change residence and transfer to another school. Furthermore, the DepEd uses the national curriculum as the standard for assessing your performance and the performance of your pupils. There must be only one standard for all. History of Restructured Curriculum As we all may know, there were other education acts before the 1980s that influenced earlier national curricula. The National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) implemented from 1984 to 2002 and the New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) implemented from 1991 to 2002. This serves as background information for the superior understanding of the present Basic Education Curriculum (BEC). The educative community helps its students to be self-disciplined and self-directed and to acquire a set of personal criteria based on the Gospel values in order to respond meaningfully to persons and situations.

The school helps students to develop habits of intellectual concentration, creative thinking and critical appreciation and judgment. They are directed to have a strong sense of commitment to service, to be men and women for others especially for the poor. The School strives to help students to be rooted in the Filipino heritage, committed to love, cherish and preserve the best desirable aspects of our culture and tradition. The School provides a curriculum with stronger integration of the principles of personalized education, emphasis critical thinking skills to help the students with decision making process, greater emphasis on learning process and increase time for task to gain mastery of competencies of the basic subjects. To achieve these goals, the school utilizes varied and adequate methods and approaches to respond to the needs, qualities and possibilities of the students, always respecting the uniqueness of persons. The very sap of all education lies in the Spirit. Manresa School strives to form her students into real Christian. Men and Women For Others, Brothers and Sisters To One Another, students who are aware of the needs of others, who show concern for them and are able to share themselves with them.