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E N G I N E E R S B U I L D I N G P R O J E C T C O N S U L T A N T S M A N A G E R S

2 July 2009 Freemans Australia Pty Ltd 7th Floor, 564 St Kilda Rd Melbourne, VIC, 3004 Attention: Warren Kernaghan

ENGINEER’S REPORT

DATE: INSURED: PROPERTY LOCATION: CLAIM REFERENCE: PURPOSE OF REPORT: PREPARED FOR: CENSEO REFERENCE: CONSULTANT:

1st July 2009

Mark Sharry

1209 Waterworks Road, THE GAP, QLD, 4061

BR077188WK

Inspection of Damage to Internal Roof Beam

Freemans Australia Pty Ltd

102-02-000014 Brett Mills, B. Eng (Hons), MIE Aust R.P.E.Q, CP Eng, Engineer Registered Open Builder QBSA 20702

B R I S B A N E | Censeo Pty Ltd - ABN 59 122 368 398 QLD Licence Number 1110874

S Y D N E Y

| M E L B O U R N E P O Box 4317 Eight Mile Plains QLD 4113 Telephone 1300 799 125 - Facsimile 1300 799 126 www.censeo.com.au

INTRODUCTION: We have been requested by Warren Kernaghan of Freemans Australia to inspect and report on the damage to an internal roof beam inside the living room of the Insured’s residence. We were also requested to undertake an analysis of ‘Pattersons Insurerbuild’ Job Quotation 75211 dated 03/02/2009. Our inspection was completed by Engineers Mac Hamilton and Carl Conran on the afternoon of the 23rd June 2009. BACKGROUND The Scope of Works report by ‘Pattersons Insurerbuild’ dated 03/02/2009 on repair work following damage from storms occurring in November, noted that ‘extensive dry rot’ was discovered to an internal roof beam while carrying out separate repairs to the residence. It was reported that the dry rot was not related to the storm. The Scope of Works recommended leaving the existing roof beam in place and reinforcing the beam with a new timber beam and steel flitch plate. The residence is cavity brick and clad frame with engaged brick piers and raised timber floors. It has a tiled roof and raked ceiling. The insured informed us it was constructed in the 1970s. We also refer to the Censeo report and Scope of Works dated 16th December 2009 prepared by Engineer Robert Henry.

OBSERVATIONS: The living room consists of a raked ceiling, supported by the end walls and two beams in between. The beam in question spans from the side brick wall to an internal brick column extending to the ceiling. A secondary beam also has a smaller span between two walls lower down the ceiling. The two beams are of equal size and it appears that they are glued laminated timber. Some bricks had been removed at the interior wall adjacent to the damaged beam in question, exposing the cavity between the two walls and the connection of the beam to wall support. The beam appears to be supported by both the inner and outer skins of brick, and was making direct contact with the brickwork. Upon closely inspecting the beam adjacent to the north-eastern wall, slight separation of the timber laminates was discovered, as well as some splits along the timber. Part of the beam inside the cavity had previously been chipped to expose the timber. The beam did not appear to be damp or waterlogged. No significant deflection was noticed along the span of the beam. Inspecting the wall from the outside of the building, it was noted that the beam is exposed at an opening in the external brick wall and has been painted over. There was no form of flashing or sealant evident. The secondary beam lower down the ceiling was not exposed to the outside of the house, nor were there any exposed beams evident on the other side of the house. An inspection underneath the floor of the building confirmed that the area is well ventilated with little moisture evident.

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CONCLUSIONS: Based on our inspection and calculations of the beam size for the appropriate load and span, we confirm the beam is structurally adequate. The cause of the cracking appears to be from gradual moisture absorption due to the exposure of the end of the beam, at the external wall, over a long period of time. With the moisture being absorbed by the timber laminates, and the timber laminates not being of the appropriate durability class, separation of the laminates along the glue line has occurred. Due the beam being in relatively good condition, despite the cracks in the laminates, it does not seem to have been affected by “extensive dry rot”, as originally suggested in the report by ‘Pattersons Insurerbuild’. In our opinion, there is no need to reinforce the existing roof beam with another timber beam or steel flitch plate. Because the existing beam can be retained, there is also no need to cut back the ceiling, and prepare and paint extensive areas of the beam and ceiling. RECOMMENDATIONS: As the beam is structurally sound, the least disruptive and most economical method of repair of the beam is to inject the laminate cracks with epoxy glue, and insert and glue steel dowels through the beam, to assist with the strengthening. Appropriate flashing will also have to be installed to the exposed end, sides and bottom of the beam at the external wall, to prevent further exposure to moisture. We have completed a brief Scope of Works, covering repairs to the Insured’s laminated timber beam, together with the repairs to the adjacent external render and internal finishes. A copy of the Scope of Works has been attached to this document for your reference. CERTIFICATION: This inspection and report has been carried out by Engineers Mr Mac Hamilton and Mr Carl Conran and has been authorised by Mr Brett Mills. Mr Brett Mills is a Bachelor of Engineering (Civil, Hons 2A) from the University of Queensland, a Member of the Institution of Engineers Australia, and has been a Registered Professional Engineer in Queensland since 1985. He is also a Registered Builder (Open) Queensland Building Services Authority. Yours faithfully,

Brett Mills
(Signed electronically)

CENSEO PTY LTD Brett Mills Engineer
0412 156 788

enquiries@censeo.com.au
Enclosures: Photographs Scope of Works

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PHOTOGRAPHS

INSURED: PROPERTY LOCATION:

Mark Sharry
1209 Waterworks Road, THE GAP, QLD, 4061

Photograph 1- Front of Residence.

Photograph 2- Side of Residence. Note Plastic cover at location of exposed roof beam.

Photograph 3- Damaged internal roof beam, propped for extra support.

Photograph 4- Span of beam supported by internal brick column. No cracks or separation of laminates observed.

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Photograph 5- Damaged primary roof beam and secondary beam towards lower end of raked ceiling.

Photograph 6- Secondary roof beam lower end of ceiling.

Photograph 7- Opening in internal wall adjacent to damaged roof beam.

Photograph 8- Close up of opening. Note the splits evident along the laminates of the roof beam.

Photograph 9- Brick wall and cracked roof beam.

Photograph 10- Opening adjacent to damaged roof beam.

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Photograph 11- Cavity between internal and external walls. Note no separation between masonry and timber roof beam.

Photograph 12- Area of roof beam previously chipped at to investigate any moisture damage of beam.

Photograph 13- Membrane between internal and external walls.

Photograph 14- North-eastern wall of building

Photograph 15- North-eastern wall with plastic covering the exposed damaged beam.

Photograph 16- Cut out in brickwork exposing the end of the damaged roof beam.

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Photograph 17- Close up of roof beam. Note the laminate sections evident beneath the paint work, indicating the beam is completely exposed to external conditions.

Photograph 18- Close up of roof beam.

Photograph 19- South-western wall. No exposure of any internal roof beams evident on this wall.

Photograph 20- Underneath the house. Relatively dry and well ventilated.

Photograph 21- North-eastern wall underneath building.

Photograph 22- Corner of house underneath building.

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