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Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) List diﬀerent inversions of double slider brank mechanism. Explain the function of any of them with a neat sketch. (b) The distance between the axes of the two parallel shafts is 10−2 m. They are connected by Oldham coupling having ﬂanges each 0.2 m diameter. Find the maximum kinetic energy of the intermediate piece when the shafts revolve at 250 rpm. The intermediate piece is 0.025 m thick and has tongues each 0.01 m wide X 0.005 m deep. The speciﬁc weight of C.I., of which the coupling is made, is 72,000 N/m3 . [10+6] 2. (a) Show the Peaucellier mechanism generates an exact straight line as its path. (b) Classify the straight line motion mechanisms with examples. [10+6]

3. In a quick return mechanism, as shown is Figure 1, the driving crank OA is 60 mm long and rotates at a uniform speed of 200r.p.m in clockwise direction. For the positions shown, ﬁnd (a) velocity of the ram R (b) acceleration of the ram R; and (c) acceleration of the sliding block A along with the slotted bar CD. [16]

4. A Watt ‘walking – beam’ mechanism is shown in Figure 2. Determine the velocity and acceleration of the slider if the crank O2 A rotates with a speed of 1 c /sec in a clockwise direction. Given O2 A = 2cm, AB = 8.5 cm, BC=7.5 cm, CD=5.25 cm, and O5 C = 7 cm. [16] 5. Two shafts are to be connected by a Hooki’s joint. The driving shaft rotates at a uniform speed of 500 rpm and the speed of the driven shaft must lie between 475 and 525 rpm. Determine the maximum permissible angle between the shafts. [16] 6. Draw the proﬁle of a cam to raise a valve with simple harmonic motion through 5 cm in 1/3 of a revolution, keep its fully raised through 1/12 of a revolution and lower it with simple harmonic motion in 1/6 of a revolution. The valve remains closed during the rest of the revolution. The diameter the Roller of the follower is 2 cm and the minimum radius of the cam is to be 2.5 cm. The diameter of the cam shaft is 2.5 cm. The axis of the valve rod passes through the axis of the cam shaft. If the cam rotates at 350 R.P.M. ﬁnd the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during ascent and descent. [16] 1 of 4

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Figure 1:

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Figure 2:

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7. (a) Explain the gears used for Parallel Shafts with neat sketches? (b) The velocity ratio of two spur gears in mesh is 0.4 and the centre distance is 75 mm. For a module of 1.2 mm, ﬁnd the number of teeth of gears. What will the pitch line velocity if the pinion speed is 800 rpm? Also ﬁnd the speed of the gear wheel. [6+10] 8. An epicyclic gear consists of bevel wheels as shown in Figure 3. The driving pinion A has 20 teeth and meshes with the wheel B which has 25 teeth. The wheels B and C are ﬁxed together and turn freely on the Shaft F. The shaft F can rotate freely about the main axis XX. The wheel C has 50 teeth and meshes with wheels D and E, each of which has 60 teeth. Find the speed and direction of E when A rotates at 200 r.p.m. if 1. D is ﬁxed and 2. D rotates at 100 r.p.m. in the same direction as A.In both the cases, ﬁnd the ratio of the torques transmitted by the shafts of the wheels A and E, the friction being neglected.

Figure 3: [16]

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Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Discuss in detail atleast two inversions of single slider crank chain mechanisms which give quick return motion. Give examples of their applications. [16] 2. Describe any mathematically true straight-line motion mechanism with necessary equation. [16] 3. In the mechanism shown in Figure 1 below O and Q are ﬁxed centres. If the crank OC revolves at a uniform speed of 120rpm, ﬁnd the acceleration of the links CP, PA and AQ.

Figure 1: [16] 4. A mechanism as shown in Figure 2 has the following dimensions: O1 A = 60 mm; AB 180 mm; O2 B = 100 mm; O2 C = 180 mm and CD = 270 mm. The crank O1 C = 180 mm and CD = 270 mm. The crank O1 A rotates clockwise at a uniform speed of 120 r.p.m. The block D moves in vertical guides. Find by instantaneous centre method, the velocity of D and the angular velocity of CD. 5. A Hook’s joint is used to connect two shafts whose axes are inclined at 200 . The driving shaft rotates uniformly at 6000 rpm. What are the extreme angular velocities of the driven shaft? Find the maximum value of retardation or acceleration and state the angle where both will occur. [16] 1 of 3

Code No: RR310304

Set No. 2

Figure 2: [16] 6. (a) Explain a radial cam mechanism and describe the types of cams with sketches. (b) Sketch the diﬀerent types of cam followers. (c) Explain angle of Ascent, dwell and angle of descent. [5+5+6]

7. (a) Derive the formula for the length of the path of contact for two meshing spur gear having involute proﬁle. (b) Find graphically, the length of the path of contact when pinion with 18 teeth meshes with an internally toothed wheel with 72 teeth, when the pressure angle is 200 , module pitch is 4 mm and the addenda of pinion and wheel are 8.7 mm and 3.7 mm respectively. [8+8] 8. The epicyclic gear train is shown in Figure 3. The wheel D is held stationary by the shaft A and the arm B is rotated at 200 r.p.m The wheels E (20 teeth) and F (40 teeth) are ﬁxed together and rotate freely on the pin carried by the arm. The wheel G (30 teeth) is rigidly attached to the shaft C. Find the speed of shaft C stating the direction of rotation to that of B. If the gearing transmits 7.5kW, what will be the torque required to hold these shaft A stationary, neglecting all friction losses. 2 of 3

Code No: RR310304

Set No. 2

Figure 3: [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain the function of ‘Oldham coupling’ with a neat sketch. (b) Two shafts have their axes parallel and 0.025 m apart; one of the shafts drives the other through Oldham coupling. Sketch the arrangement and prove that the angular velocity ratio is unity. If the speed of the shaft is l00 rpm, what is the maximum velocity of sliding in cm per minute of the intermediate disc on either of the side discs? (0.25 m/sec) [8+8] 2. Describe any mathematically true straight-line motion mechanism with necessary equation. [16] 3. Figure 1 shows a worth whit quick return motion mechanism. The various dimensions in the mechanism are as follows: OQ = 100 mm; OA = 200 mm; QC = 150 mm and CD = 500 mm. The crank OA makes an angle of 600 with vertical and rotates at 120 rpm in the clockwise direction. Locate all the instantaneous centers and ﬁnd the velocity of ram D.

Figure 1: [16] 4. Prove Klein’s construction for determining acceleration of a slider in a slider crank mechanism. Hence show that acceleration of the position of an engine at inner and 1 of 3

Code No: RR310304 outer dead center positions is given by 1 1 fp = ω 2 r 1 + n and fp = ω 2 r 1 − n Where fp = acceleration of piston ω = angular velocity of crank r = crank radius L = length of connecting rod, and n= L r

Set No. 3

respectively

[16]

5. Two shafts are to be connected by a Hooki’s joint. The driving shaft rotates at a uniform speed of 500 rpm and the speed of the driven shaft must lie between 475 and 525 rpm. Determine the maximum permissible angle between the shafts. [16] 6. A cam rotates at a uniform speed of 360 r.p.m. and gives on oscillating follower, 6.5 cm long, angular displacement of 300 c in each stroke. The follower is ﬁtted with a roller 3 cm diameter which makes contact with the cam. The outward and return displacements each takes place with equal periods of uniform acceleration and retardation, while the cam turns through 600 and there is a period of dwell in the outward position when the cam turns through 900 . If the axis of the fulcrum is 8.8 cm from the axis of the cam, and the least distance of the roller axis from the cam axis is 5 cm, draw the outline of the cam. [16] 7. (a) Explain atleast eight properties of involute toothed gear in mesh. (b) If the angle of obliquity of a pair of gear wheels is 200, and the arc of approach or recess not less than the pitch, what will be the least number of teeth on the pinion. [6+10] 8. An epicyclic gear train, as shown in Figure 2 consists of two sunwheels A and D with 28 and 24 teeth respectively, engaged with a compound planet wheels B and C with 22 and 26 teeth. The sunwheel D is keyed to the driven shaft and the sun wheel A is a ﬁxed wheel co-axial with the dirven shaft The planet wheels are carried on an arm E from the driving shaft which is co-axial with the driven shaft. Find the velocity ratio of gear train. If 0.75 kW is transmitted and input speed being 100 r.pm. determine the torque required to hold the sunwheel A.

Figure 2: [16]

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Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, March 2006 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY ( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Production Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Find out the degrees of freedom of the gear system shown in the following Figure 1. (b) The distancce between two parallel shafts is 15 mm and they are connected by an Oldham’s coupling. The driving shaft revolves at 150 r.p.m.What will be the maximum speed of sliding of the tongue of the intermediate piece along its groove? (c) What are resistant bodies? Is it necessary that the resistant bodies be rigid? Give reasons for your answer.

Figure 1: [4+8+4] 2. A grass hopper straight line mechanisms gets its motion from a crank OA. The end A of the crank in joined to a long rod PQ such that Q A is 6cm. The end Q is further joined to along vertical link O1 Q, 24 Cm long moving with centre O1 . The length of rod PQ is also 24 Cm and its end P describes an approximate vertical straight line. Determine the radius of crank OA. Find also the maximum deviation 1 of 3

Code No: RR310304

Set No. 4

of P from the vertical straight line in a travel of 6 Cm on each side of its mean position. [16] 3. The following data refer to a quick return motion of crank and slotted lever type shown in Figure 2. Distance between ﬁxed centers O and A = 25 cm Length of driving Crank AB = 10 cm Length of slotted link OC = 40 cm Length of rod CD = 15 cm Angle O A B = 1200 Uniform speed of the crank in clockwise directions = 60 rpm Line of stroke of ram is perpendicular to OA Determine velocity and acceleration of D.

Figure 2: [16] 4. Explain with sketches how the instantaneous centers of the following mechanisms are obtained. (a) Four bar chain (b) simple slider crank chains. [8+8]

5. A Hooke’s joint connects a shaft running at a uniform speed of 1000 rpm to a second shaft. The angle between their axes is 15 degrees. Find the velocity and acceleration of the driven shaft at the instant when the fork of the driving shaft has turned through an angle of 100 from the plane containing the shaft axes. At what other positions of the driving shaft during a revolution, the angular velocity of the driven shafts be the same as that arrived above? [16] 6. Draw full size proﬁle of a cam which will lift a 2.5 cm diameter knife edged follower through 4 cm. The centre line of the follower passes through the centre of rotation of the cam. Ascent of follower takes place with S.H.M. in 0.1 second, followed by a 2 of 3

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period of rest of 0.025 sec. The follower then descends with uniform acceleration and retardation in 0.075 second. The cam rotates at a uniform speed of 120 r.p.m. and the least radius of the cam is 10 cm. Also plot velocity and acceleration diagrams of the follower during one revolution of the cam and mark important values thereon. [16] 7. (a) What is the maximum velocity ratio obtained from a spur gear drive. (b) The following data relate to two meshing involute gears: Number of teeth on the gear wheel = 60, Speed of the gear wheel = 100 rpm, Gear ratio = 1.5, Module = 8 mm and Pressure angle = 200 . The addendum for each wheel is such tat the path of approach and the path of recess on each side are 40% of the maximum possible length each. Determine the addendum for the pinion and the gear and the length of the arc of contact. [8+8] 8. Figure 3 shows an epicyclic gear train with the following details: A has 40 teeth external (ﬁxed gear); B has 80 teeth interna; C-D is a compound wheel having 20 and 50 teeth (external) respectively, E-F is a compound wheel having 20 and 40 teeth (external) respectively, and G has 90 teeth (external). The arm runs at 100 r.p.m. in clockwise direction. Determine the speeds for gears C,E, and B.

Figure 3: [16]

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