User Manual Melodyne

© Celemony Software GmbH, 2001

Melodyne User Manual Celemony Software GmbH Valleystr. 25 D-81371 München Germany www. celemony.com Support hotline: +49-(0)2642-9940-16

The manual and the software described therein are supplied under formal licence. They may be used and copied only under the conditions of this licensing agreement. The data contained in the manual only serves for information purposes and may be changed without prior announcement. The information contained in the manual does not constitute a legal obligation of Celemony Software GmbH. Celemony is not responsible for any eventual faulty or inaccurate information contained in the manual. The manual and any parts thereof must not be reproduced or transmitted without the prior and explicit permission of Celemony Software GmbH. All product and company names are registered trademarks or brands of the respective companies. Apple, the Apple logo, Mac, Macintosh and Power Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. © Celemony Software GmbH, 2001 All rights reserved

Contents
What is Melodyne?................................................................................... 5 Installing and Licensing Melodyne ........................................................... 7
System Requirements and Installation ..........................................................7 Licensing Melodyne.......................................................................................8 Using ASIO with Melodyne ...........................................................................9

How to Work with Melodyne ................................................................. 11
Special Tools in Melodyne ...........................................................................11 The Tool Box to be Used with the Mouse ............................................11 Inspector Bars and Text Fields.............................................................12 Combined Pop Up Switches.................................................................13 Turning Knobs in the Mixer Window ...................................................13 The Working Windows in Melodyne............................................................14 The Arrangement Window ..................................................................14 The Editor Window .............................................................................18 The Melody Definition Window ..........................................................20

A Musical Tour with Melodyne............................................................... 21
Change of Pitch and Tempo of an entire Arrangement ................................21 Changing the Pitch of Single Notes in a Melody..........................................25 Shifting the Formants of a Melody ..............................................................29 Moving Notes with Time Adaptation ...........................................................30 Detecting and Defining a Melody ................................................................32

The Basic Functions of Melodyne........................................................... 36
Opening Sound Files ...................................................................................36 Working with Related Sound Files...............................................................36 Saving Files .................................................................................................38 The Start/ Stop Functions ...........................................................................42 Setting the Play Position..............................................................................43 The Locators and the Cycle Function...........................................................44 The Functions of the Track Bar....................................................................45 Recording with Melodyne............................................................................46 Re-arranging Melodies with Copy and Paste ...............................................48 The Play Algorithms in Melodyne................................................................51

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......................................................70 The Pitch Shifting Tools..... 64 The Tools in the Arrangement Window ............64 The Tool to Move a Melody in Time ........................................................81 Detecting a Melody .....56 The Mixer in Melodyne ..................................................62 The Tools and their Inspectors ..........................................................76 The Note Separation Tools .......66 The Tool to Modify the Tempo of an Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 81 What Type of Audio Material is Suited for Melodyne? .........................72 The Tools to Change the Formant Position ........78 Detecting and Defining a Melody..................................................................87 The Tool to Correct the Detected Pitch..........67 The Tools in the Editor Window .............92 The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Semitones ..............................................................................................................................................54 Defining the Tone Scale and Tuning .............................................................75 The Tools to Change Notes in Time .....................................87 The Note Separation Tool.....................................94 Taking Over the Melody Definition..............................................................................................................60 The Display of System Load ..............................................................84 Working in the Melody Definition Window ..................................................86 The Selection Tool.........................................................................................88 The Tool to Define the Tempo of a Melody.............................................................................................................................................74 The Tools to Change Amplitudes ..................................85 The Tools of the Melody Definition Window ............................................................................83 Processing the Melody Definition ..........................................90 The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Beats .............................................81 The Melody Definition File ...94 A Quick Reference of Tools and Inspectors...............................................................................................64 The Selection Tool.61 The Preferences Panel ....................Temporary Change of Play Parameters ....................69 The Selection Tool..................................................................................... 95 4 .............................................

This is due to a new technology working within Melodyne called “Local Sound Synthesis”. Whatever Melodyne does. or time stretching. or time stretching while working with Melodyne. Therefore it is inappropriate to speak about cutting. It “understands” the musical content of the recorded material. Melodyne does it for you due to the algorithms that were developed for this purpose. hard disc recording programs only replaced the classical tape recorder with a computer and added some additional features. pitch shifting. Using the copy and paste functions.What is Melodyne? Melodyne is a software offering an entirely new approach to working with audio material. you can change the formant position of 5 . pitch shifting. Before the Melodyne era. Melodyne analyses the recorded music. However. There is no need to care about zero crossings. In essence. although all this happens in the background with an outstanding sound quality. Melodyne knows the place where a note starts and ends. A change in temporal relation is not a problem for Melodyne. the tempo can even be slowed down to a standing sound without influencing the pitch of the note. Any change of pitch is accompanied by a correction of the formant position in order to preserve the character of a voice. You can even add a track played in a free tempo to an existing arrangement: each note will find its place in the new rhythm. it makes sense and fulfills musical expectations. Each note knows its pitch and rhythmical place within a melody. When changes are required the appropriate piece of a track has to be identified before doing any cutting. a tape recording or a digital recording performed by the computer does not “understand” the recorded material. Thus it is possible to change a pitch freely without influencing the duration of the note. Sound and time are completely independent of each other. The user only works with the musical elements: the notes that were identified in the recording by Melodyne. Each note can then be pitched as you like it. It is even not required that the new note is identical in length to the one it replaces. new melodies can be created or an ugly note can just be replaced by one that you like better. the melody and the rhythm can be altered according to the user's wishes.

Percussion can be readily processed with Melodyne and a rather steady tempo is well identified. you can change the temporal relation within a note. audio material is not “frozen” any longer. i. 6 . In essence. A prerequisite for the use of Melodyne are monophonic audio files. Recordings of speech can also be processed easily . It is not possible to process polyphonic files with Melodyne. to make the start more percussive or smoother.Melodyne identifies the syllables of spoken words and preserves the character of speech while exerting temporal changes. Melodyne has a special algorithm for percussion. even extreme changes in tempo will be exerted without “smearing” the percussion sound. Melodyne enables you to work with recorded material as freely as you would with musical instruments or notes. However.single notes or complete sound tracks in order to create another new sound character. The audio files should also have been recorded as “dry” as possible.e. Changes of tempo are performed dynamically in order to keep the characteristic start of any given note. Reverb may already create polyphony by the physical nature of the effect.

WebSharing is turned off. After installation.Installing and Licensing Melodyne System Requirements and Installation To work with Melodyne. If you agree with it.4 or later or Mac OS X. VirtualMemory is turned off. please update it from Apple’s website. The Operating System should be Mac OS 9. The CarbonLib 1. To work with Melodyne. It contains some soundfiles and examples for your work with melodyne.1 has to be installed . Read the License Agreement in the installer Window carefully.0. continue the installation. Installing Melodyne is easy: Double click the “Melodyne Installer” on the CD and follow the instructions for installation.3.if there is an older version of CarbonLib installed on your computer. 7 . AppleTalk is turned off. On PowerBooks you should also disable any energy saving options. copy the folder “Tutorial” to your harddisk. These will be referred to in this manual. you need an Apple Macintosh Computer with a Power PC -Processor und 128 MB of main memory. make sure to have the following configuration: • • • • • FileSharing is turned off.

You will find the serial number on your registration card and in this manual.Licensing Melodyne When you start Melodyne for the first time.now you can work with Melodyne! 8 .go to the website http://www. Please enter your name and the given Host Id on the registration card and send it to Celemony Software GmbH. the License Panel will appear.it will be provided to you by Celemony Software GmbH based on these data. You can also get your license key via internet . your name and the license key: The Host Id is a unique identification number of your computer hardware that is retrieved by the program automatically.com/software-license/ and enter the data of your registration card there. you will have to enter your serial number. If your hardware configuration should change. The license key ist not provided together with the program . In this panel. We will return your license key immediately.celemony. You will get your license key there at once. you can also get a new license key from there. Enter the license key provided into the text field in the license panel and klick “Set” .

9 . it simply refers to a driver which is located in any folder of your harddisk. Melodyne uses a build in driver to access the Mac’s SoundManager. Accessing your audio hardware through ASIO is pretty easy. Hit the “Set” button and choose the ASIO driver file that was shipped with your hardware. So with redirecting the SoundManager’s output in your Mac’s Sound Control Panel. Melodyne takes a few seconds to update the capabilities of the parameters “Sample Rate” and “Buffersize”. If no ASIO driver is set. Note that this is different from the usual procedure where each audio application has its own ASIO folder to which drivers have to be copied. Simply open the “Preferences” panel and select “Hardware” in the pop up at the top. After setting a new driver. sample rates and buffer size on the fly. you can use ASIO to get more audio channels. lower latencies and other sampling rates than 44. even if this is the ASIO folder of another audio application.Using ASIO with Melodyne Though you do not need to configure any audio hardware to get started with Melodyne. it is recommended to restart Melodyne after setting up the ASIO driver. Even if Melodyne supports to switch drivers. Melodyne does not have a special ASIO folder. you can also access hardware which is available through SoundManager only.1 kHz.

Note: With ASIO only one application can use the same hardware at the same time. Latency does also depend on the chosen sample rate. So you will have to quit other recording applications before you start Melodyne and vice versa. The “File Cache” defines the amount of sound data Melodyne tries to keep in your computer’s main memory while playing. if you use ASIO to access the same hardware from both applications. Note that this value does not need to fit the sample rate of your soundfiles. So if something does not work as expected. large values result in high memory usages and Melodyne may terminate unexpectedly if you haven’t assigned enough memory (under Mac OS 9). On the other hand. or like setting the tempo of single bars). For most cases. Low values result in short latencies and high values in large latencies. 10 seconds will be a good choice. If you perform operations that require much processing time (like changing the pitch of all note at the same time. low values for the “File Cache” may result in “buffer underruns” which cause a stop of playback. play around with these parameters to get better results. The best values for all of these parameters depend on your personal working method and on the hardware you are using. 512 should be a good choice for most cases. The “Sample Rate” parameter allows to set the sample rate that is used for playing and recording. The “Buffer Size” shows the number of bytes used to communicate with the audio hardware. As short latencies may cause a bad user interface performance. because high samples rates result in low latencies and vice versa. 10 .

How to Work with Melodyne
The use of Melodyne is essentially intuitive. However, Melodyne has features not available in other audio programs. Please take some time to become familiar with the way Melodyne works. First of all Melodyne's controls will be presented, followed by typical working scenarios. In the second part of the manual all functionalities will be presented in detail. SPECIAL TOOLS IN MELODYNE The Tool Box to be Used with the Mouse Most of the editing procedures in Melodyne are performed with the mouse. Different procedures use different tools; these are characterized by distinct appearance of the mouse cursor. The tools are chosen from a toolbox fixed to the mouse. You can choose a tool: • using the right mouse button (in case you have a two-button mouse) or • by pushing the mouse button while the Ctrl-key is pressed • by using the tool selection buttons at the upper left part of the window

Most of the main tools have subtools, which show up while choosing the main tool. Each main tool has a play function symbolized by the speaker; this allows a rapid listening to single notes or to selected melodies.

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Inspector Bars and Text Fields

The inspector bar, positioned above the time ruler, changes its appearance depending on the chosen tool. In the corresponding text fields you can find information about the selected melody or note. It is not always necessary to edit notes with the mouse; in many cases you can alter notes by a numerical input into text fields. The intended value can be typed directly into the text field or can be augmented or diminished by using the arrow buttons next to the text field, if present. Continuous change over a broad range of values can be made by holding the mouse pressed on the selected arrow and going up or down comparable to a slider. The value in the text field and the parameter to be edited thus are changed accordingly. In order to obtain a continuous change upwards or downwards it does not matter which arrow key you press (up or down). In case you go upwards and then change the value downwards again beyond the initial value (or the other way round), and you happen to pass over the arrow buttons on the way, take care to keep the mouse cursor beside the arrow buttons.

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Combined Pop Up Switches Pop up switches are other Melodyne-specific controls. They represent a combination of on/off switches and pop up menus: a single click on the button turns a switch on or off; if you move the mouse while it is pressed, a menu pops up where you can choose what property you want to switch on or off. You find these pop ups in the mixer window, for example, in order to switch an effect on or off; or you choose the desired effect by dragging the mouse to the desired function. Similar pop ups are available for the selection of mouse tools in the upper left part of the window. A single click identifies the main tool, while dragging the button allows to choose among the supplementary tools.

Turning Knobs in the Mixer Window These knobs, responsible for e.g. panorama and amount of effect, can be moved horizontally. You don't have to perform a circular movement. Other controls generally behave similarly to other software programs.

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the track will be loaded into an arrangement. the content of a track will always be called a “melody” also when you work with percussion or speech.THE WORKING WINDOWS IN MELODYNE The Arrangement Window You always start working with an “arrangement” represented in the Arrangement Window: Even if you want to work on a single melody. An arrangement consists of several tracks each of which can contain one monophonic file. For pragmatic reasons. You can record a single melody per track or you can import one monophonic sound file into a track. Initially. a melody within a track is 14 .

When you click on the melody in a track. you can do so by pressing the button to the left of the time ruler. A new recording or an imported sound file not yet analyzed by Melodyne is presented by an envelope display like the ones used by a sample editor. Melodies not yet analyzed will only be represented by their rhythm. because you want to insert a copy from some other type of melody. it is selected for editing. the melody may ultimately consist of several different segments of notes from recordings that you added e. If you want to switch from the envelope display to a common note representation.g.g. You can also select a track by clicking on the track bar left in the window.always identical to the recorded or imported sound file. An already analysed melody is easily identified because the single notes are displayed higher or lower according to their pitch. 15 . you have to click on the vertical track bar. with the copy and paste function. When working with it. You can change the order of the tracks by clicking somewhere in the area of track rectangle and dragging it upward or downward. You can change the height of the display of a track by dragging the separation line between the track rectangles in the track bar. Percussion will always be analyzed and represented by rhythm and not by pitch. A selected track has a frame in the track bar and by the frame it is possible to identify a selected track. A selected Melody is represented by a darker color compared to the non-selected. If you want to select an empty track. e.

automatically adapt the tempo of the whole arrangement if the original tempo of different melodies does not fit one tempo. 16 .In the Arrangement Window you can: record or import monophonic sound files. displace an entire single melody in its track in time (however. rearrange your arrangement by copying and pasting single notes or whole melodies. define or change the tempo of an entire arrangement. displacement of single notes or parts of the melody necessitates the use of the Editor Window. explained below).

Thereafter. the melody will be represented in the corresponding track in its detected form. Prerequisites: The use of the Editor Window requires sound files that have already been detected and defined by Melodyne. The detection performed by Melodyne provides the exact course of pitch and other important features of a melody and ultimately enables you to work on single notes. A double click on a track in the Arrangement Window will start the detection. 17 .In order to execute detailed changes within a melody you have to open the Editor Window. A double click on the detected version of the melody opens the Editor Window and you will see the melody in the Editor Window. This procedure ensures that the melody is ready for future purposes and does not have to be analyzed a second time. Tracks that have been submitted to the detection process will create a file with this information on the hard disc.

The Editor Window In the Editor Window you will find the recorded sound separated into sections that have been detected to be single notes. chosen by a singer or player of an instrument. When the pitch shifting tool is selected. 18 . These notes are displayed according to their pitch. The notes will not nessarily drop onto a defined piano key but will be shown at the center of intonation. The background imitates a piano keyboard with the white and black keys. the precise course of the pitch within a note will be displayed including phrasing or vibrato.

quantify notes on a defined beat. by changing the vibrato or the phrasing. and change the transition between notes with a changed amplitude. however. adjustment to a defined key also automatically provides a correction of intonation change the amount of pitch deviation within a note. i.You can grab a note or a group of notes with different tools and change a variety of parameters according to your musical imagination. select the mute function for a note change notes in time.e. In the Editor Window you can: create new melodies using copy and paste or replace single notes. i.e. in addition you can alter the transition velocity between notes with altered formant position change the amplitude of a note. Melodyne adapts the formant position when pitch-shifting takes place in order to preserve the character of a voice. you may change the formant position according to your wishes. simple pitch-shifting with Melodyne will not influence the phrasing of a note at all change the velocity of transition between pitched notes. pitch-shifting and transition between notes is done by Melodyne in a musically sensible way but you can interfere with the transititon as described change the formant position of a whole track or of single notes. single notes or groups of notes can be stretched or squeezed in time modify the beginning of notes in order to obtain a more percussive or smooth start of the note modify entire notes. resulting in a change of time phrasing. the pitch can be moved freely within the tone range or can be adjusted to a defined semitone or tone of a selected key. Pasted notes can be positioned independently of timing or can be snapped into a defined beat shift the pitch of notes (correction of intonation or change of a melody). cut the beginning of a note in order to insert an ornament or dissect a long note and insert a little melody instead 19 .

The Melody Definition Window The Melody Definition window is similar in most ways to the Editor Window. however. a processed melody can be presented in score notation if you wish.The Editor Window may contain a single melody or several melodies. The use of this window is strongly recommended if you want to work intensely with a melody and if you want to use this melody in other arrangements. 20 . Melodies that are currently not processed are shown in the background in a pale color. In the Arrangement Window as well as in the Editor Window. its only purpose is to provide a melody definition and to correct mistakes of detection manually. Melodies can be imported in the Editor Window by a double click on the corresponding track in the Arrangement Window or via a pop up menu. You can check the result of detection and correct mistakes as explained in a later section of this manual.

if the window does not show up on launching Melodyne you can find it using the menu item Window -> Transport Bar • via the numeral keypad on your computer keyboard: the “Enter”-key exerts “Start” and the “0”-key exerts “Stop”. • via double click into the upper light grey part of the time ruler (positioned above the tracks) for “Start” a single click exerts a “Stop”. 21 . Melodyne will need to access the soundfiles it refers to while playing. You will find these examples in the folder “Tutorial”. Change of Pitch and Tempo of an Entire Arrangement Start Melodyne and open the file “Tutorial/Boarisch/Boarisch.mar” via the menu item File -> Open. if this folder has not been copied onto your hard disc while installing the program. copy it to your hard disc. You should then see an Arrangement Window which contains 6 tracks.A Musical Tour with Melodyne We have prepared some examples to present the various options provided in Melodyne. The start and stop functions can be used: • via the corresponding buttons in the transport window. Opening a whole arrangement may take some seconds. The “space”-bar exerts “Start” and “Stop” alternatively. a click into this ruler also defines the playback position and the playback starts at this position when you double click. Start the playback. You will hear musical greetings from the Bavarian homeland of Melodyne performed by 6 wind-players recorded on monophonic tracks (Thanks to Wolfgang Netzer's “Bavario”!).

and tempo. a hundred times slower than the original tempo. Change the formant position of the entire arrangement by dragging the arrow keys of the formant field. formant position. 1200 cent correspond to an octave). You see three input fields for pitch. i. without any impact on the tempo. Play the music. While the music plays. Use the “Reset”-button to return to the original version. Listen to the piece in tempo 0. but you don't alter the arrangement itself.you change the pitch of the entire arrangement while the music plays. Don’t use this button now.01. When you change values in these fields you only change the global playback characteristics of the arrangement. “400” into the pitch field . With the Button “Fixate to Arrangement” these values can be used to change the arrangement itself.e. Slow down the tempo until you reach a complete stop .Open the “Temporary Play Offsets”. 22 . This does not happen in the way ordinary filters work.Panel via the menu item Window > Temporary Play Offsets. A change of the formant position affects the timbre.g. Now change the tempo of the entire arrangement during playback by dragging the arrow keys of the tempo field. instead. now enter e. keep the mouse pressed and go upwards or downwards . click onto one of the arrow buttons beside the pitch field. the resonance of the instruments is enlarged or diminished without any impact on the pitch.a nice demonstration of what “local sound synthesis” means: You hear the local sound at a given place without any impact on pitch and without ornaments.you will hear the entire piece a third higher (100 cent correspond to a tempered semitone.

2 and in bar 17 the value is 167 again. there is also no generation of new sound files except if you explicitly want to preserve the result of your work as a sound file. however. The third subtool which is named “scrub solo” does the same thing for a single melody and not for the whole arrangement. whatever you do with Melodyne will not destroy your initial recordings . The musicians did not play with a metronome click when the piece was recorded and introduced a ritardando before starting the second part of the piece . You hear the local sound independent from the velocity of your movement. The tempo is also indicated in the time ruler at the beginning of each bar where the tempo changes.so bar 16 appears to be slower: 23 . This procedure will change the arrangement itself and not only its general characteristics as initiated via the “Temporary Play Offsets”.Another application of “local sound” is represented by the Melodynespecific scrub-mode: Go back to the original version of the piece by using the reset keys for all parameters in the gobal offsets panel. Click into the arrangement with this tool and move the mouse with the mouse button pressed. Scroll the arrangement such that bar 16 is in the middle of the window (you will find the bar numbers in the grey time ruler above the arrangement).all changes executed with Melodyne will not touch the original sound files. In the next example you will change the tempo at specific locations within the arrangement. in the inspector bar you will see fields indicating the signature and the tempo. Click into bar 15 of the arrangement . you will identify a value of 167. indicating a change in tempo or signature.in the text field concerning the tempo. Select the third tool named “edit score time”. The tool is named “scrub play”. However. in bar 16 the value is 148. Click into the Arrangement Window and select the second subtool of the selection tools (as described under “The tool box to be used with the mouse”). At the beginning of bar 16 and 17 rather thick blue lines appear. Go to and fro.

set the play position to the middle of bar 16 by mouseclick. again the following notes re. Then set the play position to somewhere after bar 17 and adjust the tempo field to “150”: beginning from bar 17 the new tempo will take effect. The tempo in bar 15 remains at 167. This will achieve a more graduated ritardando. and set the value in the tempo field to “120”: Bar 16 stretches out immediately and the following notes re. This will achieve the ritardando towards our sequence. To do this we insert yet another tempo change. Double click the beginning of bar 15 directly in the arrangement (not the time ruler) and be careful not to click on a note but into a free space between the tracks. 24 . let us adjust the ritardando towards this transition between the parts. If you wish to cancel a tempo change you do so by double clicking the blue line at the start of the bar. A new blue line will appear that defines the new tempo for this sequence. Now.set the play position now to bar 15 and set the tempo field to “140”.arrange accordingly. In order to achieve this.arrange accordingly.Now we want to exaggerate the delay towards the transition to the second part and we will put the whole second part on tempo 150. You can adjust the transition further by inserting another tempo change before bar 15.

Activate the cycle mode by clicking the cycle button far left in the transport bar and play the tune. ( In order to open the selection rectangle click in the space beside a note and drag the rectangle over the desired notes by holding the button). The note changes its pitch. This is a single vocal tune that is opened in a new arrangement. The melody has already been detected by Melodyne before so that the notes are displayed by their pitch in the Arrangement Window. Now start playing the melody by double clicking the upper light gray section of the time ruler. Activate the score note representation in the Editor Window by clicking on the icon to the left of the time ruler. Pull the note up by a few semitones. the “Edit Pitch”. 25 . this will set the left and right locators such that it includes the selected notes. Now select the second tool that is used to make pitch changes. Grab the penultimate note that begins in bar 8 and pull it a little upwards while the music is playing. The selected sequence will now be repeated in a loop. The display shows the exact course of the sung pitch . Double click the melody in order to open the Editor Window.snd” using the menu item File -> Open. Double click the lower dark gray part of the time ruler. Use your mouse to place a selection rectangle on top of the last notes of the melody beginning with the last note of bar 6.for example you can see a vibrato on the penultimate note. These locators are red “L ” and “R” markers in the time ruler.Changing the Pitch of Single Notes in a Melody Open the file “Tutorial/SingleMelodies/MaterSummiDomini. Scroll the melody such that you can see the last phrase of the melody in bars 7 and 8.

It is the “Pitch Align” tool. You thus change the phrasing of the note.Select the first subtool of the pitch tool. 26 . Set the phrasing to its original state by pressing the “Reset” button in the top inspector bar. Use it to grab a note and move the mouse upwards or downwards. If taken to the extreme. the vibrato is cancelled out.in this case the vibrato is amplified or decreased.

Blue lines appear at the transitions between the notes. it will always snap to the closest semitone position.A” and press the “Reset” button in the top inspector bar. The arranged note should still be shifted a few semitones above its original position. See “Defining the Tone Scale”) If you now move a note.shifted note and move the mouse upwards or downwards. The pop up menu for setting the pitch quantise mode in the inspector bar now displays the “No Snap” mode. Now select again the main pitch editing tool. Select all notes with “ . 27 . all will be corrected to their respective semitone positions. Behind the notes blue rectangles will appear exactly in the semitone positions that are assigned to the notes. Grab the transition of the pitch. (You can determine for the whole arrangement where this position is supposed to be as any tuning can be defined. If you select all notes and then click on one of them. You thereby change the speed of the pitch transition. Set the transition to its original state by pressing the reset button in the top inspector bar.Now select the second subtool of the pitch tool. Choose the mode “Note Snap” in the pop up menu. the “Edit Pitch”. All notes will be reset to their original pitch. This means that you can freely change the notes in their pitch. If you click on a note it will align itself to the corrected position. the “Pitch Transition”.

The notes can now only be moved to those permitted by the key. The blue rectangles also move to the positions required by the new key. The melody changes continuously according to the chosen key. Change the key with the buttons to the left of the Editor Window. Select all notes and set the locators to the entire length of the melody by double clicking the dark gray part of the time ruler. On the left edge of the window buttons will appear with which you can select the key of the arrangement.Now select the mode “Scale Snap” in the pitch quantise pop up menu. 28 . Let the music play. the transitions between the shifted notes are still maintained in a musically sensible fashion.

You can also change the formant position of single notes in order to keep the character of a piece more coherent where notes were changed dramatically compared to their original course. you can use the arrow keys next to the text field. The notes will shift one octave lower. Select all notes again. Now. Choose the third tool. you hear the voice in the way it would sound an octave lower without a correction of the formant position.Shifting the Formants of a Melody You can change the formant position of an entire melody in order to give a different character to the recorded voice. the formant position of a tenor voice is situated somewhere between the corrected and the uncorrected formant positions. which in this case is rather silly: an actual singer would not sound that way singing an octave lower. Select all notes and reset them to their original position using the “Reset” button. Enter “-12” in the text field. The first text field in the inspector bar for the pitch shifting tool serves to change the notes in semitone steps. We want to change the formants such that they would make our singer sound more like a tenor. You can find the sound you would expect from a tenor voice by dragging the formant position bar to a different position while the music is playing. Alternatively. Enter “-1200” in the formant position change field. which is used to change the formant position of a note. Select all notes and play the music. Realistically. Choose again the pitch shifting tool and the “No Snap” mode. The original formants of the voice still remain. 29 . Let the music play.

opening the file “Tutorial/SingleMelodies/MaterSummiDomini. let us duplicate a melody and shift the second voice such that the piece turns into a canon. Have a look at the gray time bar over the arrangement: 30 . Select a second track by clicking the left vertical track bar.Moving Notes with Time Adaptation Now.modes. Now. select the second tool. Then. Check that the “Bar Quant” option in the quantise pop up menu is active. The notes will automatically be moved to their position relative to the bar start in the track from which they were copied.snd” into a new arrangement. Click the arrow key displaying an arrow to the right next to the action menu in the inspector bar. Choose the item “Bar Quant” in the quantise pop up menu and set the position of insertion close to the first bar start. Select and copy the entire melody. Paste the melody to that position. which is used to move a melody in time. The “Bar Quant” makes it redundant to paste the melody to its exact location. The track selection will be indicated by a frame situated around the track display. Stay in the Arrangement-Window. The melody is moved by a bar in time. Reset all notes and formants to their original position by using the reset button in the respective tool. close the Editor window or load the melody with the File -> Open menu item.

You can change the resulting tempo in the “Tempo” field according to your wishes.Each bar shows a different tempo. In the inspector bar you will find an action menu entitled “Edit Timing”. each note knows its rhythmical position. Now we want to select a regular tempo for the entire arrangement. To that avail. This is why the melody is not simply moved as a whole such as it was recorded. we open the file “Tutorials/SingleMelody/Drums.snd” via the File -> Add Melody menu item. As the melody already was recognized and defined. Each note is moved to the position in the bar that corresponds to the respective tempo in that bar. Switch the click on using the menu item Play -> Click and listen to how the tempo changes throughout the melody. Select the third tool which is used to change the tempo of an entire arrangement. and all notes moved such that a regular tempo ensues. Choose its “Equal Tempo” action: all tempo changes are removed. you will discover that the percussion track does not fit the arrangement. Listening to the arrangement. which had nothing to do with the first melody. we want to add a track with percussion to the arrangement. Choose its first action entitled “Adapt Time”: the percussion track automatically adapts to the irregular tempo of the sung track. Blue lines will appear at the beginning of each bar of the arrangement. It was taken from another recording. They show where the tempo changes are situated in the piece. 31 . As the recording was already recognized by Melodyne its tempo can simply be adapted to the arrangement. Reselect the second tool to move the melody in time and select track 3. In the inspector an action menu entitled “Edit Tempo” will appear. Now. It is opened in track 3. the singer recorded the melody in a free and very varied tempo.

you might need to make some corrections.mdd” which indicates that the detection data was already saved. Most often. In any case. The opened melody is situated in track 1.snd” file into a new arrangement using the File -> Open menu item. Depending on the success of the detection . Now. . The envelope display without an assignment of the notes to their pitch shows that the melody was not previously detected. If we wish to detect the melody anew we will have to choose its raw version. Let us use the vocal track from our last example to detect and define a melody.Detecting and Defining a Melody For you to be able to use the audio material in this fashion.the same sound file saved in the “SingleMelodies” folder. Thus in this folder it has the ending “. which we worked with before has already been detected. Choose the action “Detect Melody” in the “Define Melody” action menu in the inspector bar. Take care to choose the sound file from the folder “UndetectedMelodies”. this is the case when a melody has an irregular tempo such as the melody in the last example.ignore the values specified in it and start the detection process by pressing the “Detect” button. let us check the detection and 32 . It is the only menu item which is active at the moment. each melody you wish to work with has to be detected by Melodyne. When the detection is completed the notes of the detected melody are assigned to their respective pitches. you should check whether the assignment of each note is correct in the Melody Definition Window after each detection process. Load the “Tutorials/UndetectedMelodies/MaterSummiDomini.which is relative to the material . The Definition Window appears .

if necessary.only the assignment of the audio material to the musical parameters is examined and.” of the sylable “Fra” was erroneously separated. Fuse both parts of the note by dragging a selection rectangle with the separation tool over the separation line. choose the action “Edit Definition” in the “Define Melody” action menu. Change to the main note separation tool and click on the note: the notes are separated at the appropriate position. which display the note separations. It resembles the Editor Window in many ways. it is resynthesized with a continuous sound. The most frequent mistake is the incorrect identification of an octave position . A melody is never edited musically or tonally in the Melody Definition Window . For that purpose. Listen to the melody with that sound . use the next tool .make some corrections. Choose the subtool to play individual notes.in this case no pitch detection errors have occured. you can listen to the “Tutorial/UndetectedMelodies/Guitar. if necessary. By changing to this subtool the pitch curve turns red: now the melody is not played with its own sound.. (Later.we can easily find these mistakes by playing and listening to the melody and drag them to their correct pitch with this tool. The second tool is used to correct the faultily detected notes.) Now. Click on the last note in bar 2: you will hear that a very short note was not separated from the next one. Between the individual notes vertical lines appear.. 33 .you will hear the area between the two separation lines. it has a red background. The Melody Definition Window opens. Select the first subtool that serves to listen to the melody.snd” melody in this mode for comparison . Change again to the subtool and click on the second and third note of bar 3: here the initial sound “Frrr. if necessary.it is used to correct note separations. changed. In order to make it easier to recognize it. Click on the individual notes in the melody .there you will find that the third note is not assigned to the correct octave.

In this melody however the tempo is very irregular and we have to define each bar start. the tempo is somewhat more regular . At the start of the first bar you can see a vertical yellow line. the new bar start is set by double clicking the respective notes. Grab the separation line and drag it to that position. A different way for quickly checking and editing the note separations will be introduced in the main chapter “Detecting and Defining a Melody”. There are no further separation mistakes in this melody.” were separated. In that case you might have to drag the start of the first bar to the first beat with this tool. This sets a new bar start and attaches the bar to this note. Grab this line and move it such that it is situated at the start of the first note. Throughout the next bars.anchor”.if the notes are sufficiently close to the bar start.. A falsely set bar start can be removed by double clicking on the red line yet again. two notes with the same pitch were not separated appropriately .drag the bar out by grabbing the bar background at the start of bar 3 and pull it to the start of the next note. Bar 2 is a lot slower . which is used to set the tempo of a melody. Double click the first note that now is situated at the beginning of the second bar. Melodyne will in most cases detect it correctly. There double click the background in order to set a new bar start.this is the “time.Listen to the note in the middle of bar 4: here. if we wish to have the possibility to adapt the melody to any given tempo later on. If the tempo of a recording is regular.shorten it accordingly by pulling and set the bar start to the start of the first note of the bar.. The next bar is again a little faster . Change to the next tool. Listen to the two notes in the middle of bar 5: here the sylables “Salut. 34 .separate them with a click. yet we would prefer to separate them where the pitch change indicates the start of the next note.

35 .g.The next two tools will be exhaustively discussed in the main chapter “Detecting and Defining a Melody” Close the Melody Definition Window and confirm the changes you made. If you wish to avoid loosing such changes you must always detect and define a melody before editing it musically. the melody is actualized accordingly automatically in the Arrangement Window from which it was opened. on another computer)! Having confirmed the changes. Never erase the . If you wish to actualize the melody thus loosing the prior changes you can do so with the action “Reset to Definition” in the action menu entitled “Define Melody”.mdd” that belongs to a detected sound file.mdd along with the sound file if you need it some other place (e. In this file the definition of the melody is saved. This updates the file with the extension “. If you already made pitch changes in the melody prior to editing the detection it will not be automatically actualized.mdd file if its corresponding sound file is used in an arrangement and always copy the . If a melody was detected it can be reused in any arrangement without having to be detected once over.

You then set a defined tempo for the arrangement as described in the chapter “Tools to Change the Tempo of an Arrangement”. WAV and SND sound file formats. which belong together . you should also define the key of the arrangement prior to loading the melody (as described in the chapter “Key Definition”). SD2. If you wish to edit a melody whose tempo you already know (e. If this is not possible. Working with Related Sound Files If you wish to work with several sound files. During the detection process Melodyne also attempts to detect the scale key due to the notes used in the melody. If you wish to detect and edit a melody whose tempo you do not know you should load it using the menu item File -> Open directly. Only when you have completed the above steps load the sound file into the arrangement using the menu item File -> Add Melody. If the recorded piece has a regular tempo and you know which one it is 36 . This creates a new arrangement and Melodyne will attempt to detect the tempo of the melody and assign it to the arrangement.you should export the sound files in such a way that the start of all tracks is simultaneous. A sound file is either loaded into a new arrangement or it can be inserted to an existing arrangement.g. because you used different recording programs in one session .The Basic Functions of Melodyne Opening Sound Files Melodyne supports the AIFF. first create a new arrangement using the menu item File-> New. If a tempo was set for the arrangement this tempo will be set in the detection process for all the melodies loaded into the arrangement.e. If you know the key in which the melody was recorded. all tracks must be assigned to their correct position in time anew in Melodyne.i. It then assigns the scale key to the arrangement as long as it is the first melody opened in this arrangement. you have recorded it with a defined tempo).

There. you should define the tempo and then load the files as described above. Choose the item “Tempo from Melody” in the action menu entitled “Edit Tempo”. • Then. This track should then be defined by Melodyne previously to integrating with the other tracks in order to be able to adapt to the tempo of the arrangement. • After closing the Melody Definition Window choose the “Tool to Change the Tempo of an Arrangement” in the Arrangement Window. you should detect it independently from the other arrangement. yet. load the track which contains the clearest tempo . add the melody to the desired arrangement using the menu item File -> Add Melody. If you wish to load a track into the arrangement that is not related to the recording of the tracks presently in the arrangement it has an independent tempo.in most cases this will be the percussion track. If the arrangement does not yet have a defined tempo and you wish to identify it with Melodyne you should follow a clear sequence when opening the files: • Create a new arrangement and assign a key to the arrangement if possible. • The course of the tempo defined for the melody will be assigned to the arrangement. Do not load the other tracks. There. • Now load all other tracks .you should create a new arrangement prior to loading any sound files. If it has not been previously detected by Melodyne you should open it in an independent arrangement using the menu item File -> Open. Now. especially if the tempo is irregular as described in the chapter “Detecting and Defining a Melody”. 37 . This arrangement can be closed without saving the changes made in it (the detection data of the melody is saved independently of the arrangement). Do not assign a tempo to the arrangement.for these no new tempo detection will be made. The tempo of the arrangement will be assigned to them. • Start the detection process for this track and define the detection.

when an arrangement is opened a File Choice Panel is opened. The arrangement is represented by the contents of the Arrangement Window. Only if this is the case.Alternatively. On the basis of this process it is later integrated into the arrangement. In that case. If you choose the menu item File -> Save this arrangement is saved. you can also load the undetected melody into the present arrangement. It consists of single melodies you have edited. There. the arrangement can be re-opened! If Melodyne is unable to find the sound files. and the tempo is adapted to that of the entire arrangement automatically. you can enter where the sound files are situated. you must choose the “Own Tempo” option in the tempo definition pop up menu in the detection panel which appears when detecting a melody. Saving Files While working with Melodyne. you always edit a “Melodyne Arrangement”. you must also copy the sound files along with it! 38 . or melodies you added to the arrangement without editing. The detection then identifies its tempo independently. If you copy the arrangement to a different computer. Please note that the sound files themselves are not saved within the arrangement file: Melodyne assumes that the sound files remain at the same location as they were when the arrangement was saved. In that case the tempo of its arrangement will not be assigned to the melody which is about to be detected.

However. you open its arrangement and insert it in the desired target arrangement with the copy and paste functions.mdd” file is created by Melodyne in the same folder as its respective sound file. This allows you to re-use a sound file in any other arrangement and to furnish your Melodyne library with detected and universally applicable melodies. does not save an arrangement as Melodyne arrangement. Never delete an . Here. you can: 39 . The data concerning the original musical content of its sound files were automatically saved in their respective “. They are also the prerequisite to reuse a melody in other arrangements without previously having been redetected. These files are saved automatically. the result of your work . it is not necessary to save it before closing it.An “. Otherwise. you must save the arrangement containing this single melody..mdd”. If you copy a sound file to another computer you must also copy the “. as changes to the original melody will not be saved in the “.file.e. changing the intonation of a piece or selecting only a part of a larger melody as a single melody .. detect it.mdd” file! You can open an individual sound file in an arrangement. The menu item File -> Export. if you have edited a melody in order to furnish your Melodyne library. if you are still using its respective sound file in an arrangement.mdd file. They are created when Melodyne detects a new sound file.g. If you wish to use this edited melody in another arrangement later on.will not be saved. The presence of this file is also assumed by Melodyne when opening an arrangement. and correct the result if necessary without thereby changing its content musically. If you created an arrangement only to detect new melodies.mdd” files. It saves the arrangement to different formats.

you can define in the other pop up menus of the line. In the top line of the panel you can choose. When you wish to re-export it to re-insert it with its original duration. In the second line you can specify which time segment of the arrangement you wish to export: • If you choose the “Entire Arrangement” option. the entire time area from the first sounding note to the end will be saved. (“post mixer”) • save the entire arrangement or selected tracks as mono sound files (“pre mixer”) for use in other programs. if you imported a melody from another program to edit it with Melodyne. originally. It will be saved as a sound file that contains the arrangement exactly as you hear it. whether you wish to save the file in an Audio or MIDI format. you can set a track as a reference in the next pop up. This is useful. sampling rate and resolution you prefer. 40 . • If you choose the “As Reference Track” option. If you wish to save it as an audio format. All segments of all active tracks will be exported with the exact duration that the sound file of the reference track has. • If you choose the “Between Locators” option. • save the entire arrangement or selected tracks as standard MIDI files. this option is best suited. the time area between the locators you set will be saved.• save the entire arrangement as a finished stereo mix. which audio format.

all tracks are selected that are active in the arrangement and not muted. However. you can choose which tracks shall be included in the export. In the case of a single file. If you choose the audio format. At first. In the bottom of the panel. It contains all the amplitude. you can change the export selection as you please. If you choose the “Save each track as a single file” option. you can specify. If you choose the MIDI option. you can decide between saving the arrangement segments either as a multichannel MIDI file or each track apart in single track MIDI files. the start time will be picked similarly to the last option. The file will however be saved up to the end of the sound end of the arrangement. In the next line. each active track will be saved as a mono sound file. you name it yourself as usual. 41 . panorama and effect settings that were specified in the mixer. or whether you wish to create a single file for each track. whether you wish to save the active tracks into a single file. If you have chosen the option to save as single files. you can specify a folder into which the files are saved after confirming the “Export” command. The single files are automatically named after the tracks they were saved from in the arrangement.• If you choose the “From Start of Reference Track until End of Arrangement” option. “Stereo Mix” will save the arrangement as a stereo sound file as you hear it.

A Melodyne specific playback option is the scrub mode: if you choose this tool you can click anywhere in the arrangement and listen to the “local sound” by keeping the mouse button held. A further playback option is to use the “Play Note” tool. by double clicking in the upper light gray part of the time ruler. if there are no notes selected. Thus it serves for quick auditing of notes just being edited. Dragging the mouse a little will result in playing the music at any speed with its original pitch independently of the speed of movement. If you drag a selection rectangle over several notes.The Start/ Stop Functions The Start/ Stop Functions are operated: using the Start / Stop buttons in the Transport Window (if it is not visible when starting Melodyne you can make it appear using the menu item Window -> Transport Bar). using the “Enter” key of the numeral block of the computer keyboard for “Start” and the “0” key of the numeral block for “Stop”. This is rather handy if you for example wish to check a harmony at a specific place in the melody or if 42 . If you click on a note with this tool only this note will be heard. If notes are selected. the selection range will be played by pressing the space bar. all notes will be played which are touched by the selection rectangle. which is always the last subtool of the tools to be operated with the mouse. which you can see in the track display for “Start” and by a simple click on the time ruler for “Stop”. The “Space” bar on the keyboard performes “Start” and “Stop” alternatively.

the play position is always at the start of the note closest to the stopping position. Playback with the “Play Note” mouse tool does not meddle with the actual selection or the play position respectively. In the Editor Window. just as in the scrub mode. Setting the Play Position If you click into the work field in the Arrangement Window or Editor Window the play position is set. the play position always snaps to the start of a note. The play position can also be set in the position field of the transport window. or the entire arrangement with the scrub tool. If you click into a certain track where a melody is situated. the “Play Mode” pop up menus specify whether one listens to the edited melody. a further click sets it to the beginning of the arrangement. all melodies currently situated in the Editor Window. When operating the buttons for fast forewind or rewind. by clicking on the desired place in the score if it is visible. The play position is also always the position where copied notes are pasted. you will hear the music faster. but in its original pitch.you wish to listen to the exact course of pitch independently of the actual tempo. The same can be done by clicking on the time ruler or. You can find the scrub tool for listening to the entire arrangement and the scrub solo tool for listening to the selected melody in the Arrangement Window. 43 . in the Editor Window. If the stop button in the transport window or the “0” key in the numeral block is used. If one or more notes are selected. Re-pressing the stop button sets the play position to the start of the cycle position. the play position always snaps to the start of the first selected note. On recording or playback you can activate the metronome via the menu item Play -> Click.

You activate the cycle function by clicking on the cycle button in the transport window. 44 . respectively. on the other hand. or if they will snap to the selected quantize size. The locators are a pair of markers that display the start and end of an area. • by setting their start and end position by dragging the mouse in the locator region of the time ruler. They are labeled “L ” and “R”. You set the locators • by grabbing and dragging them directly. • by entering their position in the text fields in the Transport Window.The Locators and the Cycle Function The time ruler in the upper part of the window is divided into an upper light gray and a lower darker area. or • by selecting a few notes and then double clicking the marker area of the time ruler: the locators will then be set exactly to the start and end of these notes. especially when the punch in/ out recording is used. The quantize size selected in a window determines if the locators can be moved to any position. or via the menu item Play -> Cycle. This is especially handy with punch in/ out recordings as exactly these notes of the recording are replaced with this method. The lower part serves to set and display the locators. The locators are used to set an area that is repeated if the cycle function is active on the one hand and to set a recording area. The Start/ Stop function by clicking on the time ruler is executed in its upper part.

It will then be displayed with a frame. • By clicking on the name of a track you can rename it . • By clicking a on track in the track bar on an already selected track. It displays each track as a rectangle containing some controls: Name of the Track Mute a track (Mute-Switch) Make a track play solo (Solo-Switch) Activate a track for recording (Record-Switch) • A track can be selected by clicking on a track rectangle in the track bar. • By clicking the mute switch a track is muted. • By clicking in the rectangle of a track and dragging it up or down.a track is at first assigned the name of its sound file. • By clicking the solo switch you can hear a track on its own. • By double clicking on a track in the track bar the melody on that track will be opened in the Editor Window. Empty tracks can only be selected by clicking on the track bar.The Functions of the Track Bar The track bar is situated at the left side of the Arrangement Window. 45 . • You can change the height of a track display by dragging the separation lines between tracks. the tracks can be resorted. • By clicking the record switch you activate the recording for this track. Tracks that contain a melody can be selected by clicking on the melody. all notes of the melody will be selected.

• Activate the recording in a track by clicking the record button in the track bar of the Arrangement Window or with the record button for the track in the Mixer Window. You record as follows: • If you have created a new arrangement. The recorded sound files will be saved into the folder specified for the arrangement. • Click on the recording button in the transport bar. you will now see the input level of the recording tracks displayed in the level meters. • Set the locators to the desired recording position. using the File -> Save As. The input gain has to be adjusted with your external mixer or with your microphone preamp. If the right locator is behind the left locator. the record buttons in the respective track bars as well as in the transport bar have both to be activated. you must save it first. The recording area between the locators is now displayed in red. You can activate the metronome click over the menu item Play -> Click. The recording will stop when the right locator is reached. even if the music continues playing afterwards. and it will continue until it is stopped manually.. menu item.Recording with Melodyne You can record on a single track. recording will start there. an area is thus defined. The file format for saving your recording to disk can be specified via the menu item “Preferences” The time area in which you record is specified by the locators in the time ruler. Already recorded tracks are audible during the recording. • If the Mixer Window is open. How many tracks are available for simultaneous recording depends on the hardware specifications of your system. If you drag the right locator next to the left locator. • Set the play position as far ahead of the left locator.. 46 . In order to record. or on multiple tracks at a time in an arrangement. as you wish to hear the already present music or to listen to the metronome click before recording.

The singer or instrument player does not have to be overly careful to attack exactly with the first note of the notes to be replaced: the recording begins a little early. (in Melodyne. The music continues playing until you use the “Stop” command. Double click in the locator area of the time ruler. That places the locators automatically to the start and end of the selected notes. 47 . the decay of the previous note is shortened a little. the attack of the next note is not delayed. the recorded melodies show up in their tracks. This procedure is explained in detail in the chapter about Detecting and Defining a Melody. With Melodyne you can perform punch in/out recordings very comfortably to replace single notes or whole melody segments by a new recording. As Melodyne knows the start of any note. • After the recording is completed. notes can be replaced exactly. execute the recording as described above.• Start the recording with “Play”. “internally”. Then. To execute a punch in/out recording. If the played note is a little early. You can detect them in Melodyne by double clicking them. select the notes on the track you wish to replace. that does not however mean that it is “cut off ”!) The same is the case for the end of the recording: if the last recorded note over-reached the right locator. if necessary. Thus. the punch in/out recording works similar to the editing of the melody with the copy and paste functions described below. If the recording is limited by the right locator. the recording stops there. it will automatically be inserted such that it is completely audible. Yet.

This is useful if you wish to change the rhythm in a percussive track. or they can be stored in the copy memory with “Copy” ( . • “Select same Notes in all Octaves” works in a similar way.Re-arranging Melodies with Copy and Paste You can select individual notes with your mouse. You select the entire melody with the “Select All” function ( . and you then wish to move it further on in the melody to insert new notes.C). e.V) is slightly diffferent from what you are used to from other audio programs. select a free track. a “Note” is much more than a simple segment of 48 . • “Select same Beats” selects all notes in the melody that are on the same beat as the selected note. there are several other functions in Melodyne that serve to select more than one note. • “Select same Notes” selects all notes that have been assigned the same semitone as the selected note. To do this. This is useful if you wish to move all equal notes of a semitone to a different semitone together. it is possible to select all notes of a melody as well by clicking on the track of the melody in the track bar . This is useful if you have cut a melody segment apart. Besides the usual “Select All” function.V) Or you can re-arrange the melody within its track by copying and pasting notes. however. Copying and pasting notes or melodies with the “Paste” function ( . You can create a polyphonic arrangement from a single melody. by dragging all notes on the first beat a bit earlier in time. • “Select following Notes” selects all notes to the last note of the melody that follow the currently selected note. you copy a melody. • “Select all” selects all notes of the current melody. You can find them with the menu item Edit . In the Arrangement Window.g. and insert the copied melody parallel to its original with “Paste” ( .> Select.X). it selects the same notes irrespective of their octave positions. For Melodyne.A). The selected notes or melodies can be removed with “Cut” ( .

it 49 . If you add an already detected melody to an arrangement with defined tempo using “File -> Add Melody”. yet from a passage with a different tempo. The notes will of course re-adapt to the tempo from that quarter on. In this case. Irregular tempo must have been further defined by you if necessary. you can copy and paste notes in an arrangement that was recorded with a free tempo. the added melody will be adapted as if it were inserted by copy and paste. Therefore it is possible to copy single notes or entire melodies from any arrangement and insert them into another arrangement. In the action menu “Edit timing”. they will be inserted in a musically sensible way. In any case. If however “1/4 Quant” is chosen. you could copy a voice from the first verse to the last verse even if the tempo in both were different. the prerequisite is that the source and target melodies have been previously detected by Melodyne. If the arrangement in which you insert the notes has a different tempo than the originative one. In which way the inserted notes adapt rhythmically is dependent upon the setting in the quantise menu of the current working window. It could also happen that you work with material that is not meant in a musically rhythmical way such as with spoken language. the position of insertion is set to the closest quarter relative to which the note will begin. If the tempo of the arrangement and that of the added melody are very different. The same is the case if you wish to insert notes in the same arrangement. Thus. musically speaking: it knows its own pitch and rhythmical position in the melody. it is not important to accurately set the insertion position. If you wish to adapt it choose the tool “Move Time “in the Arrangement Window. It simply has to be set to the bar you wish to insert it. the inserted notes will be set to the same position in the bar they had in the originative melody. Then.the audio material: a note literally is a “note”. In that case you would choose “No Quant” in the quantise menu to prevent the inserted material from being adapted to a rhythm. this added melody is not automatically adapted to the tempo of the arrangement. If “Bar Quant” is selected. choose the action “Adapt time”.

you wish to set this arrangement also for the other verses. It is not necessary that the notes are both exactly of the same length . It is not important that the note you wish to insert fits exactly into the rest if it is inserted . it is automatically shortened in its end such that it ends before the attack of the next note. you must cut the melody between two notes as described in the chapter on the “Tool to Change Note Separations”. Imagine that you have edited a piece with several verses such that the first verse is polyphonous. In that case choose “Bar Quant” in the quantise menu.V . Select the first note of the segment you wish to move and choose Edit .if necessary the inserted note will be adapted.> Select -> Select following Notes in the menu. select the note you wish to replace and replace it with . Thus. Then you will be able to move the following notes such that they snap to the next bar and the desired notes can be inserted.thus where there is a rest in the melody. This can be done with other actions of this action menu. Choose the function “Paste Pitches” in order not to have to reset the harmony voicings for each verse. You would not want to paste the text and tonal content of the harmony voicings of the first verse over the other verses. if you replace notes: if you wish to substitute a falsely played note. simply choose a similar note to the one you would wish to have at that point. A special way of insertion is the action “Paste Pitches” in the “Edit” menu. 50 . If you wish to insert notes into a continuous melody. You can insert notes wherever there is sufficient space for them . The same is the case. Now.could happen that you would prefer to have the inserted melody at half or double its adapted tempo. Copy it. In most cases. you will receive two separated melody segments that can be moved independently of each other. You only wish to copy the notation of that arrangement and apply it to the existing sound material. it would be preferable if the following segment is moved by one or more bars.if the note is a little too long. Do the following: • Go to the first verse and select the track you wish to transfer.

This allows you to maintain the attack characteristics of a note when it is moved in time. and to modify time only where the sound of that note changes less. for example.C in the same way you would do for copying and pasting them. The function “Paste Pitches” always works in accordance to its bar context. Pitch. There. If there are. • Advance to the next verse and select all notes to which you wish to transfer the pitches. Melodyne offers you several variants of this synthesis technique that are adapted for several different purposes. Such it is possible to stop a sound at any place in time and continue to listen to it in its original pitch without artifacts. This means that the notes that are at the same beat as the ones copied will be moved to the pitches of the notes on that beat. you might have to reset the short notes to different pitches manually. where the source only has one note. You choose the playback algorithm for a melody with the menu item Play -> Algorithm. Time. In this case. several short notes of different pitch in the target area. then the notes that overlap the most with the source position will be pitched accordingly. you find the following items: Sampler.• Select the notes in that area of which you wish to copy the pitch. if you wish to maintain a certain ornamentation in the new pitch position. • Now choose Edit -> Paste Pitches and the selected notes will be moved to the pitch of the copied notes. Copy these notes with . 51 . all notes will be set to the same pitch of the long note. Formant and Voice. Or you can move through the original sound with variable speed. The Play Algorithms in Melodyne The newly developed and Melodyne specific sound synthesis technique “Local Sound Synthesis” allows to edit pitch and time as entirely independent parameters. If the beat of the source and the target are not exactly congruent.

This algorithm is unable to adapt the formant position. you have to choose that algorithm in the menu. the program automatically switches to the “Voice” algorithm as soon as pitch or formant position is changed in the Editor Window. The “Pitch” algorithm is the default setting after a melody has been detected. You can change the pitch of notes with this algorithm. For that purpose. It can be used for example if you wish to arrange a choir and you want to listen to its accompanying tracks you may have arranged in another program. It will be kept after detection. if the instrument that is recorded has a characteristically sharp attack and a fast decay.The algorithms Sampler and Time can be used even if a melody has not yet been detected. it is nevertheless an option the program offers. It behaves the same way a sample player or the playback of a tape does: if you play the music slower it is simply played lower in pitch accordingly. as the “Time” algorithm is the default setting when a track is being loaded. or if the “pitched” switch was deactivated. • Pitch: This algorithm applies the “Local Sound Synthesis” to the entire sound. the sharp attack of each note is preserved. the accompanyment can be loaded as a whole on a single track in Melodyne. It can then be played parallely to the choir with the “Sampler” algorithm. For that reason. Especially. It does not discriminate between attack and decay as the “Time” algorithm does. 52 . • Time: This algorithm is optimized for percussive material. Only the decay of a note is changed with the “Local Sound Synthesis” if necessary. Thus. if it has been specified as “Percussion” or “Speech” in the detection panel. In that case. It is not based on “Local Sound Synthesis”. it is more suited for vocals and instruments that have a soft transition between notes. You cannot change music in time when using the “Sampler” algorithm. The other three can only be used when detection has been performed. however the formant position is not adapted to the new pitch. Although this algorithm is not typical for Melodyne. The algorithm “Time” can also be used for tonal material. if the switch “pitched” was activated in the detection panel. The “Time” algorithm is the default setting when loading a new melody. Let us have a look at the differences between these algorithms and see how we can apply them: • Sampler: This algorithm is the simplest one.

Melodyne will choose the “Pitch” algorithm. the formant position is changed more radically. it will not be changed automatically for this track. If there is little change.• Formant: This algorithm behaves similarly to “Pitch”.you thus should not copy several melody segments behind each other into one track for which you want to use different algorithms. The algorithm always relates to a melody of an entire track . Another difference between the algorithms is the complexity in which they compute sounds and thus their requirement of processing power. It is thus directly dependent upon the chosen playback algorithm how many tracks you can listen to and edit in Melodyne at a time. yet it allows you to change the formant position of a note. Contrary to the next algorithm. If the change is more radical. . The “Formant” algorithm is especially useful to experiment with sounds.The differences will be discussed in the next paragraph. After you have specified an algorithm in the menu manually. “Voice” and “Formant” are related in so far as they always correct the formant position when a note is changed in pitch. Melodyne will automatically switch to “Voice”. “Voice” the most. you can change the tonal characteristics of an instrument completely with extreme formant changes. As soon as changes in pitch are made. • Voice: This is the algorithm with the most “natural” sound. but may sound more “characterictic” with the “Formant” algorithm. if “naturalness” is not aimed at. If “Formant” is used. 53 . the formant position adaptation is more “natural” with the “Voice” algorithm. This is also the reason for Melodyne to choose automatically which algorithm is most suited: if only time changes were made in a track and pitch and formant position remained the same. both algorithms will sound almost the same. Their time consumption is growing greater down this list: “Sampler” needs the least computation power.

open this panel via the menu Window -> Temporary Play Offsets : Here. This can be useful if you wish to transpose the entire arrangement to a different key. The values for pitch and formant position are displayed in cent in their respective text fields. The value 0 in the formant text field always corresponds to the corrected formant position. 100 cent are equal to a tempered semitone .to change the shown values quickly.Temporary Change of Play Parameters You can change the pitch. and the tempo of an entire arrangement globally. or if you simply wish to know how it would sound in a different tempo. “-400” will transpose it downwards by a third. the formant position. By entering a value in the text fields you can choose the values more specifically. Of course.even when the music is playing . By dragging the arrow buttons beside the text fields. you can change the values continuously. if the arrangement were transposed by the respective value without formant correction. the changes in pitch and time are independent of each other. the entire arrangement is transposed by a fifth.if you enter “700” into the pitch text field. If you enter the value “400” in both the pitch and formant position text fields. it is possible . For that purpose. the sound you will hear will be that of an arrangement transposed by a third without correction of the formant position. Changes thereof correspond to the sound that results. 54 .

as it is displayed in the time ruler of the Arrangement Window. If the arrangement has several segments with different tempos. Pressing that button. The button “Fixate to Arrangement” serves that purpose.The tempo displayed in the tempo text field in its default position is identical with the tempo of the arrangement. you will thus see a note previously defined as “C ” still displayed in the Editor Window as a “C ”. Pressing the “Reset” . and you wish to change the tempo of the entire arrangement in an equal proportion. a panel will appear asking for a confirmation that you really wish to change the arrangement permanently. If you have transposed the entire arrangement by a third here. The values entered here do not change the notes of the arrangement themselves but only the temporary playback parameters. You can however also adapt the values chosen in this panel to be the fixed values for the arrangement itself.0 cent for pitch and formant position and the original tempo of the first bar for the tempo of the arrangement. it is best to use this panel. only the tempo corresponding to the first tempo definition is displayed. Else. If several tempo definitions are set for an arrangement with irregular tempo the tempo field will always display the tempo of the first bar. Yet. If the tempo is changed using the temporary playback settings the tempo will be changed proportionally for all tempo definitions set. you would have to change each tempo definition individually in the arrangement window.buttons resets the arrangement to the respective original values . as specified in the “Temporary Play Offsets” panel. 55 .

The tuning defines. The panel to define and edit the scale can be opened from the Arrangement Window using the action “Tone Scale” in the action menu “Define Melody”: Select a Tone Scale Used Tonal Positions Proportions of the relative Tonal Positions Assign relative to absolute Absolute Tonal Positions Proportions of the absolute Tonal Positions Select the Base Key Frequency of the Keys Tuning Deviation in cent 56 . • Scales are used by Melodyne to define which tonal positions moved notes can snap to. • Tuning is used by Melodyne to define the exact pitch of the individual tonal positions. It also defines the tuning pitch of the fundamental. if the intonation of notes is to be corrected. The scale defines which tonal positions of a scale can be used.Defining the Tone Scale and Tuning In Melodyne. Scale and tuning are always defined for an entire arrangement. if you use the tool to change the pitch of notes in the Editor Window and “Scale Snap” is activated. you can work with any scale or tuning you like. which is the exact pitch that the different tonal positions have relative to each other.

The frequency display changes according to the chosen tuning for each note. enter any frequency for different keys here . All other fields will change accordingly to the tuning chosen in a text field. Fa..this is not intended here: we would lose the difference between relative and absolute positions if they were exchangable. in the nothern countries . E. Re.The tone scale panel first always appears in the form in which it is displayed in the picture to the left. however. are used as having the same meaning as C. • There is a pop up menu at the top of the window in which you can choose between some most common tunings. D.this field allows you to enter the deviation from “normal” tuning (A=440 Hz) in cent. The “Edit” button opens the extended tone scale panel as displayed to the right. the names Do. you should enter “415” into the text field defining A. and all other frequencies will change accordingly. E.. you can skip the following sections... For example.. It would have been best to use 57 . • To the left. In Melodyne.. the relative positions are called Do. (If you do not intend to work with historical or oriental tunings. • To the right. you can enter the tuning of the fundamental. Re. If you enter a frequency in the note fields. you find text fields in which the frequency of each key of the scale is displayed. Here. the absolute positions are called C.. You cannot. Fa. if a piece has been recorded in a tuning with A=415 Hz.. you can define any tuning that you wish to apply to the arrangement. D. alternatively.the relation between the tone positions themselves is set by the chosen tuning. we must distinguish between relative and absolute tone positions. Here..) For a better comprehension of working with tone scales. this field will always also show the deviation from normal pitch in cent. (in most southern countries. the editing functions that are at your disposition here will suffice. The default setting here is the usual equal temperament. • At the bottom there is a text field which is entitled “Offset” . you will find the keys for the selection of a scale key .by clicking on a key the scale key for the arrangement is defined. For most applications.

. as these only intend relative positions. has the same intervals as an E major scale. they would be changed from the point of view of absolute tonal positions.) • The text fields “Proportions of the relative Tonal Positions” define the actual tuning. The relative intervals (Do. D.)... which tonal positions (of 12 possibilities) do at all appear in the scale. They always relate to the imagined fundamental “Do”. If you press a button for the assignment. at the same time.) are used at first as a construction plan to specify a tuning relative to the imagined fundamental (Do). This procedure defines the absolute tuning of each key. This means that a C major scale on a piano. Ga. you can see that the displayed cent value beside the absolute tone is set to 0.. • If you press the “Absolute Tonal Positions” buttons. which is tuned in equal temperament. • If you changed the values in the “Proportions of the absolute Tonal Positions” text fields.the hindu names Sa.. 58 . These buttons only have a display function and will not change the tuning.. you can see how the background of tonal positions changes relative to the other tonal positions. you would change the relative tonal positions.) This procedure defines the relative tuning. Re. All other tunings do not share this characteristic. as in this (and only in this) temperament the intervals of all tonal positions are exactly equal to each other. E. only that here. All other text fields now display values relative to that fundamental. (These then become the positions that notes can snap to if “Scale Snap” is activated. • The buttons “Used Tonal Positions” define. (If the Editor Window is opened when you make these changes.) This discrimination would be irrelevant in respect to the usual equal temperament. you can see which tonal relations ensue for each tone by the respective assignments in the “Proportions of the absolute Tonal Positions” text fields. Fa. Re. • The buttons “Assign relative to absolute” specify which absolute tone is set to be the actual fundamental of the relative tuning. i. The second step is to specify where this fundamental is situated in an absolute system. The values are entered in cent..e. like on a piano key (C.

the melody automatically determines the scale of the arrangement. Essentially. If the melody is the first one loaded into an arrangement. you only define the tuning of a melody.• Now. • Finally. not the tuning of the entire arrangement. as such. There. at all times. 59 .we can still specify which absolute frequency the tuning is based on using “Frequency of the Keys” text fields. the actual tuning definition is complete . You can of course still change the scale of the arrangement. however. the defining of a scale does not change the musical content of the recorded material. you can specify with the “Select Base Key” buttons which key is supposed to be the base key for the used scale steps defined before by “Used Tonal Positions”.This process is comparable to “tuning a piano as a whole” higher or lower in pitch without changing the tonal intervals in relation to each other. contained in the arrangement the scale only becomes effective when editing notes. The panel to define tuning and scale is also available in the Melody Definition Window.

60 . It always shows as many channels as there are tracks in the arrangement. The order of the tracks in the Arrangement Window from top to bottom is equivalent to the order of channels from left to right in the mixer. the amplitude controls are situated for each channel. • At the bottom. • Above those.Send Activate Recording Solo / Mute Out Channel Panorama Effect . They are used in just the same way as pop up menus. They are only active if a stereo output is chosen for the respective channel. the control for the master volume is situated.The Mixer in Melodyne The menu item Window -> Mixer opens the audio mixer for the current arrangement: Level Meters Effect . If you change the order of the tracks in the Arrangment Window the channels are changed accordingly in the Mixer. Depending on your hardware driver. If you switch between different arrangements. the display of the Mixer will change accordingly.Return Volume Master Volume The appearance of the mixer always reflects the present arrangement.Select Effect . you can assign the output channels to single or stereo outputs. the switches for the output channel are situated. the stereo panorama controls are situated. • Above of them. At its right.

On Mac OS 9 the amount of main memory that is used by Melodye is configurable (this is not necessary on Mac OS X) and in a few cases you may have to change this value. This is described under the menu item “Preferences”. These buttons are equal to the buttons in the track bar of the Arrangement Window in their use. If Melodyne is not able to open a large 61 . The effect itself and its contribution to the output signal are specified with the pop up button and the control to the right of these controls. you can choose the desired input channel for the track. Which input channels are available. • The controls above specify which amount of the signal is routed to an effect. you should first try to quit other running applications before starting Melodyne. as well as the level meters for the stereo output. If you drag the mouse downwards when it is clicked. • The buttons above them are combined pop up buttons. • At the top of the Mixer. The Display of System Load The menu item Window -> System Load opens the panel that shows the current usage of available memory and processing power. the level meters are situated for each channel. depends on your hardware driver.• The switches above these are used to switch a channel to play solo or to mute it. They serve to activate the respective tracks for recording with a single click. As these displays also consume processing time. The upper bar shows the current memory load. If Melodyne reports that it cannot start because the available main memory is too low. They can be used alternatively. you can hide them if you wish to.

Choose “memory” in the pop up at the top and change the shown values as needed. This value will be higher when Melodyne is playing. select Melodyne and press . use high values. To do so. If you use ASIO hardware. With the preferences for Recording. you should increase the amount of used memory. The sampling rate is determined by the hardware used for recording. You will not change these settings very often. Here you can define some settings concerning your general work with Melodyne.arrangement or if the upper bar of the “System Load” panel is often showing a value larger than 80%. or the hardware settings. you can choose your preferred audio file format and and the sample resolution. With the pop up menu above you can choose if you want to edit the preferences concerning the Sound File Format used when writing your recordings to harddisk.I to open the file information panel. you can choose the sampling rate in the “Hardware” preferences. You can enter the same value into both fields and if you have much physical main memory. 62 . or the display appearance of Melodyne. The lower bar shows the current processor load. go to your Mac's Finder. and you can estimate by this display how many tracks you will be able to play simultaneously. The Preferences Panel The menu item “Preferences” opens the Preferences panel.

If “Custom” is chosen. the notes. their borders and and their brightness.The use of the “Hardware” preferences is discussed in detail in the first chapter on Installation of Melodyne. Especially on computers with a slow graphic cards turning off the level meters can improve the user interface performance. Simply play around with the colors and the brightness to get your favourite appearance. The first option makes Melodyne to do a smooth scrolling while the second option causes to jump to the next ‘page’ if the position marker is going to be invisible. If “Classic” is chosen. the way of autoscrolling and whether you want to see level meters or not. In the “Appearance” section of Melodyne’s preferences panel you can set the style and colors Melodyne is using. 63 . the next four items define the colors melodyne is using to draw the background. • The autoscrolling parameter defines in which way melodyne should scroll the documents to keep a running position marker visible. the next four items do not have any effect and Melodyne’s bars and notes appear as they were intended to do. • The switch at the bottom lets you define if level meters should be shown in the mixer window. • The first item is the “Style” having to two options: “Classic” and “Custom”.

If the pasted melody is supposed to run exactly in time with its copied original. Notes chosen with the selection tool can be copied and pasted. in order to create polyphony for example. In order to duplicate a melody. If no quantise is selected they will be inserted directly at the chosen position. Only the notes on the melody currently selected can be worked on. if the track is empty it can be selected by clicking on the vertical track bar. it is necessary to shift tracks first. an empty track selected. If you wish to copy a melody in its entirety it is necessary to select all notes first. In order to change to another melody. The quantise menu shows how notes behave when pasted. The other operating elements change according to the processing abilities of the respective tool. it is copied. A quantise brings about that the notes are pasted in accordance to the position from 64 . the tool selection and quantise menus remain visible at all times. and is finally pasted into this track. it is best to use the “Bar Quant” option in the quantise menu. A track can be selected by clicking on its visible melody representation. The selected track is represented by a frame in the track bar. The Selection Tool action menu quantise Zoom Scrub mode Scrub solo Play note The selection tool serves to select the melodies on the individual tracks.The Tools and their Inspectors THE TOOLS IN THE ARRANGEMENT WINDOW In the inspector bar of the Arrangement Window.in that case it is not necessary to exactly position the pasted track under its copied sibling.

(See also the chapter “Editing and Melody Definition”) The menu item “Reset to Definition” is used in order to apply a modified melody definition to an already processed melody. At the end of the subtool bar you will find the “Play Note” tool that serves to switch between editing and listening with great ease. Beware: if pitch and time changes were already made they will be lost by using the “Reset to Definition” function! 65 . From the action menu entitled “Define Melody” you can start the detection process of a melody previously undefined by Melodyne. If you klick into the window with that tool without dragging.multiple selection is possible by dragging the mouse with the mouse button pressed over a selection area. The “Scrub Solo” tool only plays the melody you just selected in the scrub mode. With the Zoom tool you can drag a selection rectangle . zooming will be reset to the previous size. In the Melodyne specific scrub mode it is possible to listen to the “local sound” in its original pitch independent of the velocity of movement (this requires of course an already detected melody). it is not possible to use this particular function on a melody that has already been processed with copy and paste. Thus you can switch between two zoom sizes. If the melody has already been detected it can be opened for editing in the Melody Definition Window using “Edit Definition”. The “Play Note” tool always plays the selected note or selected notes in case of multiple selection .the horizontal time region of that rectangle will be enlarged to the size of the window. This makes it easy always to paste melody sequences at the beat position in the bar they are meant to be. If for example “Bar Quant” is selected a note copied from a position where it was the third eighth beat in a bar. it will be pasted to the closest third eighth beat of a bar relative to the position selected for pasting. The same can also be done by double clicking the melody. In order to use this option drag the mouse over the melody while holding the button. However.where they were copied relative to the selected quantise position.

If no quantise is chosen the arrow buttons remain inactive. the distance between the single notes is not constant but will always adapt to the tempo of the respective bar.” opens the panel where you can choose the tone scale for the Arrangement. The arrow buttons in the inspector bar perform the same function in time moving as the mouse: they move the melody by the chosen quantise step. The other actions in the action menu doubling.. tripling or slowing down to a third of the tempo of its original serve generally to change the tempo of an automatically adapted melody. If you wish to change the timing of single notes or parts of a melody within a track you will have to use the Editor Window.. automatically to the tempo of the arrangement. If no quantise is chosen. The Tool to Move a Melody in Time action menu move melody quantised quantise Play note This tool always moves the entire melody in its track. 66 . In this case. as described in the chapter “Defining the tone scale”. Once a value has been chosen in the quantise menu all notes of the melody will always move by the defined steps. The action “Adapt Time” in the action menu adapts the timing of a track foreign to the original recording and thus not in time with the actual arrangement. that tune is automatically adapted to the quantise of the arrangement. the notes will keep moving constantly independent of eventual changes of tempo. If no time adaptation is to take place it is necessary to select “No Quant” prior to pasting. If a melody or parts of a melody is inserted into an arrangement with an already selected quantise value utilizing copy and paste. slowing down to half of. This requires the foreign track to have been previously analysed by Melodyne.The menu item “Tone Scale. If an arrangement is defined to use an irregular course of tempos the notes will always move according to the correct beat.

then you drag the tempo to the desired value by holding the mouse button. It can also be used to insert a ritardando at some places or set an irregular course of timing. Alternatively. In an arrangement that is not empty this tool is used to change the tempo and thus the beat of the entire arrangement. (This method could prove to be slow in arrangements containing many melodies as even the most minute movement of the mouse changes the position of all notes. You can enter the tempo you desire in the tempo field directly.background against which all melodies of the arrangement are played. If there already are some melodies in the arrangement then the time changes brought about by this tool will affect all of them.i. if you enter an 8 into the denominator field of an 3/4 signature. If a new arrangement is empty its tempo can be defined here. The background display will adapt accordingly. In the fields for the signature enter first the desired signature. the numerator will automatically switch to 6. It only changes the definition of the smallest beat . this tool serves to work on the tempo of the whole arrangement.) 67 .e. In such cases it is advisable to change the tempo directly by entering a value into the tempo field. It modifies the time. you can change the tempo by dragging the arrow buttons beside the tempo field.The Tool to Modify the Tempo of an Arrangement action menu signature tempo quantise Play note While the previously described tool serves to move a selected melody in time. This tempo will then be used for the recording or will be the tempo into which melodies are loaded or pasted. You can also vary the tempo by clicking on the dark blue beginning of a beat in the arrangement. An insertion in the field for the denominator does not change the bar division.

of course. The actions “Double Tempo” and “Half Tempo” in the action menu do not modify the melodies contained in the arrangement.a dark blue line will then appear there that indicates the change in tempo. It erases all definitions of tempo change and sets the entire tune to its average tempo. With the arrow buttons at the right side of the action menu the beginning of the entire bar definition is moved by the step size set in the quantise menu. In arrangements with changing tempos the text fields in the inspector bar will indicate the value for current position. You can remove a tempo change by clicking on the dark blue line yet again.You can define tempo and signature changes in the arrangement by double clicking the beginning of a bar in it . 68 . The inverse is the case in the “Half Tempo” option. The action “Tempo from Melody” in the action menu picks out the selected melody as a reference for the entire arrangement . All notes then automatically adapt to it. They only change their notation. Thus a note that previously was considered as a quarter note is changed into a half note in the “Double Tempo” option. If you want to change the tempo globally in an arrangement with multiple tempo definitions. you can do so as described in the chapter “Temporary change of play parameters”. The melodies in the other tracks then adapt to the original tempo of that melody. The action “Equal Tempo” in the action menu is used to unify the tempo of a freely played tune that was previously identified by the melody definition mode.as long as this melody was previously identified. If no quantise is selected the arrow buttons remain inactive.

The menu track selection picks out which melodies of the arrangement appear in the Editor Window. playing mode and track selection always remain visible in the inspector bar of the Editor Window.THE TOOLS IN THE EDITOR WINDOW play mode track selection The menus for tool choice. The last menu option “Remove from Editor” removes the selected melody from the Editor Window (of course. The playing mode defines what you can listen to working in the Editor Window: if you choose “Play Selected” you can only hear the melody you are currently working with. You can also select a melody by clicking on one of its notes if it is already placed in the editor. it still remains in the arrangement). 69 . “Play Visible” plays all melodies that are currently in the Editor Window together. It also switches between the melodies you wish to process. The other controls change according to the tool selected and its range of applications. You can also double click a melody in the Arrangement Window to transfer it to the Editor Window. “Play Arrangement” plays all the melodies of the arrangement.

If for example “Bar Quant” is selected a note copied from a position where it was the third eighth in a bar. You don't have check that the notes inserted are as long as those they replace . A part of a melody can only be inserted where there is enough space for it in the time frame. it is best to use the “Bar Quant” option in the quantise menu.the inserted note will shorten itself if required. and is finally pasted into this track. If the pasted melody is supposed to run exactly in time with its copied original. If no quantise is selected they will be inserted directly at the chosen position. In order to dublicate a melody. an empty track is selected via the track select menu. The quantise menu shows how notes behave when pasted. in order to create polyphony for example. then select those you wish to replace and directly replace them. If you wish to copy a melody in its entirety it is necessary to select all notes first. it is copied.The Selection Tool quantise Zoom Scrub mode Play note Notes that have been selected with the selection tool can be copied and pasted. it will be pasted to the closest third eighth of 70 . A quantise brings about that the notes are pasted in accordance to the position from where they were copied relative to the selected quantise position. If you wish to insert notes into a continuing melody you have to separate the melody at the insertion position (see the tool to change note separation). An exception is the direct replacement of notes: you can copy one or more notes.in that case it is not necessary to exactly position the pasted track under its copied sibling. Then you must move the following notes in the track and finally insert the desired notes.

At the bottom of each subtool list you find the “Play Note” tool that allows you to switch easily between editing and listening. If you hold down the “Shift” key while dragging the rectangle. If you klick into the window with that tool without dragging. all melodies in the Editor Window or the entire arrangement is played. Thus you can switch between two zoom sizes. The “Play Note” tool always plays the selected note or segment if you selected more than one note by dragging a selection rectangle with the mouse.the region of that rectangle will be enlarged to the size of the window. In order to use this option drag the mouse over the melody while holding the button. With the Zoom tool you can drag a selection rectangle . If you don’t hold the “Shift” key.a bar relative to the position selected for pasting. the region will also be enlarged in the vertical direction. so that the region will fill the whole window. In the Melodyne specific scrub mode it is possible to listen to the “local sound” in its original pitch independently of the speed of movement (this requires of course an already detected melody). Depending on the selected playback mode the active melody. zooming will be reset to the previous size. only horizontal zooming will be performed. 71 . This makes it easy always to paste melody sequences at the beat position in the bar they are meant to be.

A clicked note now snaps to that position and can only be shifted there. all notes will be pitch corrected to their closest semitone. If “Scale Snap” is selected the blue rectangles will appear in positions that fit with the key of the arrangement.The Pitch Shifting Tools note cent hertz reset quantise Change phrasing in a note Change pitch transition between notes Play note Choosing the pitch shifting tool the exact pitch course becomes visible. Clicking on a note in the “Note Snap” mode automatically corrects it to its assigned semitone position. It is in most cases different from the tonal center of a note calculated by Melodyne and sways around it. The “Note Snap” option provides blue rectangles behind the notes that indicate their assigned semitone positions. The phrasing within a note and its formant character will remain unchanged by this operation and the transitions between the pitch shifted notes will always be adapted in a musically sensible fashion. With this tool the notes can be dragged to new pitches even while the music is playing. If all notes are selected and one of them is clicked. In this mode the notes can only be shifted semitonewise. If all notes are selected and one of them is clicked. In this mode the names of the notes appear as keys to the left of the window. The key that is chosen here does not change the key of the arrangement but solely the assignment of the notes just processed. They allow you to choose a musical key. The settings in the quantise menu specify how the notes behave when they are pitch shifted: “No Snap” allows the pitch to be freely changed without reference to tonal intervals. If all notes are selected in this 72 . all notes will shift to the closest position allowed by the given key.

In the same way. The tool “change pitch transition between notes” changes the pitch transition between the pitch shifted notes.by entering “7” in the note field the note is lowered by 7 semitones. fundamental pitch and the tuning of the tone steps that you wish to work with in the respective arrangement can be defined freely see “Definition of the Tone Scale” The three text fields in the inspector show information concerning the currently selected note. if the tools to change phrasing. The same effect is reached by entering “-700” in the cent field.mode you can change the key and all notes will be shifted to their respective positions in the new key. If more than one note is selected all three fields will display the value “0”. or to change pitch transition are selected these are reset to their original values. The scale. If taken to the extreme and the mouse cursor is taken further down all phrasing disappears and the pitch is completely straightend out. i.e.you can enter a new name to change the note or use the arrow buttons next to the text field to change it in semitone steps. If you come over +50 cents. if a note is placed between F and F# a possible display in the notefield would be “F” and “+45” in the cent field. The “change phrasing in the note” tool amplifies or decreases the course of pitch within a note that surrounds the perceived note center. The “Reset” button resets the notes to their original pitch if the pitch shifting tool is selected. This allows for i. The “Cent” field shows the deviation of the note from its defined scale position. The display now works relative to its starting position. For that purpose blue lines appear at the transitions that can be grabbed and dragged upwards or downwards such that the transitions can be made steeper or flatter. the display will change to “F#” in the note field and “-49” in the cent field. 100 cent are equivalent to a tempered semitone. amplifying or decreasing a vibrato. In the Hertz field the absolute pitch in Hertz is displayed.e. The field “Note” shows the name of the note and its octave . 73 .

If you want to change the character of a voice as a whole . in order to make a soprano pitch shifted into tenor territory sound like a tenor as well .g. The tool “Change the Formant Transition between Notes” changes the speed of transition of the formant position between two notes that were set to different values. in case the note has been pitch shifted.e.select all notes and change the formant value in the text field or by dragging the formant bar of a note to the desired position. 74 . In the neutral position the bar is exactly in the center of the note.The Tools to Change the Formant Position formant in cent reset Change formant transition between notes Play note Once the tool to change the formant position is selected. If a note was pitch shifted the bar is also exactly in the center of the note as the formant position was adapted to the respective pitch. a horizontal bar will appear for each note. It displays the formant position relative to the pitch of the note. The reset function for the formant transition change tool changes the formant transition back to its original position. If the formant position of the entire melody was shifted this will not have any effect as the formant position of all notes was shifted equally for each. The “Reset” button changes the formant position of a note to its original position . The formant position is also specified in cent in the text field . it will be changed to the position adapted to the new pitch.again. If a note was shifted downwards by 4 semitones or 400 cent and you would change the formant position to “-400” cent in the text field the result will be the pitch shifted note without formant correction.0 cent is equal to the original formant position or the adapted formant position for notes that were pitch shifted. By dragging the bar upwards or downwards the formant position is changed.

75 . The “Reset” button changes the amplitudes of all selected notes back to their original value if the tool to change amplitudes is active. where you can also modify these amplitudes. This would not be possible having used the “cut” command to remove a note from the arrangement. It is now simply shown in its outline when it is selected. the “Reset” button will unmute all muted notes in the selected range. If you have selected the “Mute note” tool. The change of amplitude relative to its original value in db is displayed in the “Amplitude” text field. more than one note can again be selected at a time. By clicking on it yet again with this tool the note is switched back into the arrangement. as a line if it is not. Of course.The Tools to Change Amplitudes amplitude reset Change amplitude transition between notes Mute note Play note The tool to change amplitudes changes the dynamics of a note by grabbing and dragging it with the mouse. If you click on a note with the tool “Mute note” its amplitude will be set to 0. The tool “Change Amplitude Transition between Notes” modifies the speed of transition between two notes modified with respect to their amplitudes.

as a melody there is defined by the sequence of notes in the audio stream. Depending on the context of a modified note it will behave in different ways: if it is situated directly before a rest. This tool is useful to make subtle changes of phrasing in time. the note is moved as a whole unchanged in its length. 76 . If you wish to change subtleties in the time phrasing the quantise value must be switched off in the inspector bar. If however the note is followed directly by another note. The snapping position is not dependent upon the specified quantise size. If a quantise value was selected in the inspector bar. Thus. where all notes in the immediate surroundings of a quarter beat are snapped to that beat if the quantise is set to quarters. it is also useful if one wishes to move notes to a new beat. It is unlike the type of quantise you are used to from MIDI. This is not exactly sensible when it comes to audio recorded material. The same change will occur with notes that immediately precede the moved note. Our quanitification sets the rhythmical entry of a note to the position that corresponds to its notation.The Tools to Change Notes in Time move attack reset quantise Stretch notes Change initial speed of notes Play note The main tool to change notes in time moves one or more notes in their respective time position in the track by grabbing them with the mouse and dragging them horizontally to the desired position. it will be shortened or lengthened according to the start of the next note. any note that was clicked on will be moved to its assigned beat. an eventual deviation from the intended beat would be removed.

The chosen quantise size is relevant only if you wish to move notes to a different beat: dragging the note with the mouse will only be limited to the respective steps. This will only be possible if there still is enough space in the direction you wish to move the note in before or after a note. Moving a group of notes is subject to the same restrictions if a quantise for the whole bar is chosen. It will only be possible to move the group if there is a sufficient rest where you wish to move the notes to. If you use the arrow buttons in the inspector bar to move notes, they will move according to the quantise preference specified, providing there is enough space to move them to. If no quantise value is chosen, the arrow buttons remain inactive. The “Stretch Notes” tool lengthens or shortens a note in time. If you grab a note before its midpoint you change its length from the front. The reverse happens if you grab the note in its endpoint. The change of a selected group of notes is also dependent upon where you grab them beginning or end. If you select all notes you can stretch the entire melody in time - this however is only a sensible option if the melody really is supposed to be altered in tempo relative to the time of the arrangement. If you wish to change the entire arrangement in time please consult the chapter on tools to change the tempo of the arrangement in the Arrangement Window. The tool “Change Initial Speed of a Note” shortens or lenghtens the attack of the selected note. This allows you to give the melody a softer or harder attack, i.e. to make it sound more staccato or legato. Upon choosing this tool a little “lever” appears. If you grab the blue point at its beginning and pull it upwards you increase the speed of attack, if you pull it downwards you decrease it. If you drag out the lever as a whole the area upon which the changes take effect increases. If the overall tempo is changed this happens automatically such that pluck and wind noises as well as consonants in sung pieces remain unchanged whatever the tempo of the overall arrangement. You can also modify the initial speed of notes with the “Attack” text field. Here, “0%” corresponds to the original speed, “100%” is the maximum

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and “-100%” is the minimum speed. Changing the attack with the text field is especially useful if you want to change the characteristics of several or all notes simultaneously. The “Reset” button changes the time course characteristics for the selected notes and their immediate surroundings in a way that corresponds to their original value. This does not necessarily mean that the original course of time is entirely restored; overall tempo changes in the melody will remain after this reset. To that end, the environment where the notes were reset will be straightened towards the original setting, but will keep the overall length. If the tool “Change Initial Speed of a Note” is selected, the “Reset” button will set the attack of the selected notes to their original speed. The Note Separation Tools

Separate segments Play note

The tool to change the separation of notes defines which segments of the recorded audio material are to be considered as single notes. These become the smallest units of modification. A first separation has already been made by Melodyne automatically; yet, you can of course change these first settings manually. At this point, a fundamental difference between the definition of a melody and editing it must be understood to continue working. Our tool is also available in the Melody Defininition Window. All changes of note separation that concern melody definition must be made there. i.e. if you want to correct an originally undetected separation of two notes (be it that they are two separate notes, that you wish to define the ornament of a note as a note you can modify etc.) this should be corrected in the Mel-

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ody Defininition Window before moving on to the editing process. See also the Chapter on working with the Melody Defininition Window. In the Editor Window, this tool can be used in order to change note separations - i.e. to add a complementary ornament or to give a melodious character to a long held note, creating new individual notes which can be modified in pitch. Vertical lines appear between the notes if this tool is selected. They indicate the note separation. If you wish to divide a note click on it at the desired location. A new separation will appear there. In the same process, both notes will recalculate their tonal center. Melodyne attempts to detect the best suited place to divide notes. This might cause the separation line to appear not exactly where you clicked. If you wish to change this, you can grab the line and drag it to where you desire the separation to be. To hear whether the separation is at the desired place you can select the newly created note and use the “Play Note” tool by mouse click to listen in. If you wish to cancel a separation and unite two notes, pull the selection rectangle over the separation line between them - they will be fused to one note. Beware: this tool is not capable of multiple selection. The contents of a selection rectangle will be fused to one note. The tool to separate segments cuts parts of the melody into free standing segments. Two notes that follow upon each other directly will always be treated by Melodyne such that if the second one is moved the first one is stretched accordingly in order to keep the audio material flowing. All that is changed is the course of time. If you wish to insert a long rest between two notes that will move a following group of notes without stretching a note it is best to introduce a segment separation. This can also be applied if you wish to shorten the end of a note without changing the start of the next one. To insert a segment separation, click on an existing separation line between two notes. Now a segment separation marker appears at the beginning and end of a segment. This segment can can now be modified

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The initial breath might not have been copied together with the note. This is useful for example if you want to copy a sung tune including the initial breath of the singer. You can also move the beginning and end of these segments if there is enough space for such a movement. If a melody was created using copy and paste such segments will automatically appear. Beware: it is not possible to cancel a segment separation by fusing neighboring notes as was the case with a simple note separation! If you have separated a segment in order to move all subsequent notes.independent of the time of the rest. you can select the first note of that segment and select all notes after that one by choosing “Select following Notes” from the menu “Edit -> Select”. 80 . In order to apply this technique you just grab the left segment range marker of the pasted melody and pull it further left. The previously unheard part of the recording is recovered. You can see them if the note separation mode is active. This allows you to hear the part of the melody that was previously not defined as part of the note. but can be recovered with this tool.

this would at once create polyphony. 81 . Stringed instruments are suited with some restrictions: bowed strings like a violin only if played without double voicings and plucked strings like a guitar only if solo lines are played without chords.>Open in the menu. Detecting a Melody Either you can record directly with Melodyne as described in “Recording with Melodyne”. A new arrangement is created and the melody is loaded in the first track. To load a melody open the file using File .Detecting and Defining a Melody What Type of Audio Material is Suited for Melodyne? In general all sound material is suited for Melodyne that is musically monophonous: recordings that do not contain more than one voice. Theoretically even piano music can be processed with Melodyne under the unlikely condition that it is played unisonous. again. Instruments that have a long sustain such as the harp are even unlikely candidates when played unisonously as the sustain automatically creates polyphony. The recording should be as “dry” as possible .without any reverb as. or you can load an already recorded melody as a sound file in Melodyne. Percussion and drumloops are very well suited as well as human speech. Music that has more than one musician at a time on a track as well as mixed music is also unsuited. This includes those instruments that are naturally monophonous such as the human voice and all types of wind and brass instruments. If it is necessary to record musicians simultaneously you should take care that the different tracks remain as pure as possible given the circumstances. Unplayed strings should also not be heard too loudly in the recordning. If you wish to process music with Melodyne each musician should be assigned their own track during the recording.

it is entitled “Any Source”. Melodyne automatically analyses the rhythm of the melody and a tempo is assigned to the arrangement (and thus to the melody). Melodyne will only be able to establish an average tempo.e. and the “Pitched” checkbox. or speech. This has to be worked over manually as described under the next heading. Both parameters can also be specified manually using the note name fields. A window opens where you can make some few supporting specifications: You can almost always use the default parameters as they are preset in the window and directly press the “Detect” button. i. The limitations for the pitch range of an instrument can be useful for example if a bass can be heard in the background 82 . If there are great tempo variations in the melody. Initially. The choice of instruments limits the range of fundamental pitches used in the detection process and defines whether the detection process should assume that notes have a pitch at all. you can see that the range of fundamental frequency in selecting “Percussion” is limited upwards and that the “Pitched” checkbox is deactivated. It is advisable to make adjustments in the pull down menu only if processing percussive material without defined pitch. To start the detection process.In opening the sound file. Select “Percussion” or “Speech” to optimize the detection process for unpitched sources. As long as the melody has not been detected you will see it as an envelope display in a track that you are acquainted to from other programs. double click the melody or use the “Detect Melody” item in the action menu.

if your recording does not have any such disturbances it is however better to leave the parameters in default position as long as you are processing tonal material. Start the detection process by pressing the “Detect” button.mdd. It has the additional ending . If this detection file is present the respective melody can be used in any arrangement without it having to be detected over again. The process is about as long as it would take to play the tune or even a little less dependent of course on your processor speed and the material to be detected.mdd. It is also advisable to leave the “Present Tempo” pop up menu in its default position . The Melody Definition File In detecting a melody. Never delete the . Melodyne automatically creates a file on your hard disk that contains the detection and definition data of the detected melody. This display also allows you to recognize whether a melody was previously analysed by Melodyne.mdd (stands for melody definition data). When the detection is complete you can see the melody in its track and its notes organized by pitch.file if its corresponding sound file is used in an arrangement and always copy the .its use is described in the chapter “Working with Corelated Sound Files”. It is located in the same folder as the original sound file and shares its same name.of a recording of a high pitched solo instrument .file along with the sound file if you transfer it a different computer! 83 .

100% of the time.Processing the Melody Definition When the melody has been detected by Melodyne. If all is well. Yet. which relates to the soundfile's original content.habit to carefully check the definition of a detected melody and if necessary make some corrections. an octave too high or too low in pitch.Thus. There are no limitations to how many versions of an edited mel- 84 .e.depending on the raw material this will be the case 90% . Editing a melody on the contrary changes its musical and tonal content this is the actual musical work done with Melodyne. you should make it a Melodyne . Working in this way will make it abundantly easy to use the melody in other arrangements and over time you will have a wonderful collection of universally applicable melodies.mdd) that you change in modifying the definition of a melody. only if its detection and definition is correct. or an unclear rhythmical arrangement has been wrongly detected). Melodyne has recognized the melody correctly in all its parameters . There is a fundamental difference between the definition of a melody and editing it. definition is its prerequisite. a note too many or a note too few separated from its neighbors. If you only wish to have a go at correcting some intonations or changing the tempo. if you wish to use a detected percussion track later on in an arrangement in a different tempo from the original tempo. it is accessible for further editing.of course. if only to check that all has indeed been correctly analysed. There is only one melody definition file for each soundfile.e. The definition process leaves the melody musically and tonally unchanged. It only defines how the content of a sound file is to be understood musically. you should always open a newly detected melody in the definition mode first. i. It is possible however that a note has been wrongly detected (i. the track will automatically adapt to the new tempo . eventual detection mistakes will scarcely come through at all and you can work with the melody at once. Editing the definition is equivalent to editing the melody definition file (.

ody one can make derived from the same detected and defined sound file. Yet. as it definition was saved to an . In order to make the definition window stand out.mdd file. Working in the Melody Definition Window The definition of a melody is checked and edited in the Melody Defininition Window. With the tools that are available there you can: • • • • • correct the pitch of falsely identified notes change the position of note separations define the signature and tempo of a melody correct the assignment of the notes to their indended beat correct the assignment of the notes to their indended semitone positions You can open the Melody Defininition Window from the Arrangement Window by selecting an already detected melody and then choose “Edit Definition” in the “Define Melody” action menu. 85 . These versions can be melodies on one or more tracks in an arrangement that is saved as a “Melodyne-Arrangement”. there are different tools available in this window. The Melody Defininition Window has a similar conception to the Editor Window. An unedited original is always available as long as it has been detected by Melodyne. it has a red background as compared to blue in the arrangement and Editor Window. Here the task is not to change the melody but only to define it.

the note separation should be checked. In some cases it may be necessary to switch between tools which is of course possible. 86 .Only then should the tempo be defined. The buttons in the Melody Defininition Window are arranged accordingly from left to right. the occasionally falsely detected notes should be corrected in their pitch.THE TOOLS OF THE MELODY DEFINITION WINDOW It is sensible to use a specific order of work steps to define a melody first. second.

If you tried to detect a percussion track without deactivating the “Pitched” option and the note separations here turn out to be somewhat unsatisfactory for your use. The menu item “Define Melody” in the action menu serves to re. as there is no copy and paste function available in this window.. The Tool to Correct the Detected Pitch Play notes resynthetiszed Play note This tool is used to correct notes that were detected on a wrong pitch by Melodyne.. but to the melody itself.detect the entire melody if other detection parameters than the ones previously chosen seem appropriate. for playing single notes and the scrub mode are available. It is possible that the fundamental of a note is scarcely present 87 .The Selection Tool action menu Zoom Scrub mode Play note The selection tool has no special function in the definition mode. The menu item “Tone Scale. as described in the chapter “Defining the tone scale”. The same subtools as in the other windows for zooming. it is possible to repeat the detection process with better parameters from here. The tone scale you define here is not assigned to an arrangement.” opens the panel where you can choose the tone scale for the Arrangement.

and even Melodyne is not a flawless interpreter of musician´s meaning. Thus. click the note again without moving it. Redetection could possibly also change the tonal course of neighboring notes. which would lead to an inaccurate detection an octave too low. Sometimes. It is also possible that the sound of a note contains “roughness”. In order to set the pitch of the note to be detected anew. Melodyne will then re-evaluate the tonal course. Detection mistakes other than false octave identification are rare. drag the note with the pitch correcting tool near the position you deem correct. Thus. notes whose tonal content was too unclear will be attached to their direct neighbors as undetected notes. If it seems to you that the result of a displayed tonal course is not very likely in this context. you can change note separations with the note separation tool. it may be detected an octave higher than it actually is.in its sound. The first subtool attached to the pitch correcting tool does not play the melody with its original sound. These can then be separated with the note separation tool and the undetected note then dragged to its guessed actual position. If you wish to separate a note. The Note Separation Tool Play note It is often a question of interpretation whether an ornament is musically an independent note or whether it is integrated with its main note . Melodyne will attempt to recalculate the pitch curve in the range of the pitch you selected. It resynthesizes the notes whereby it is a lot easier to find possible mistakes just by listening. If you select the note separation tool vertical lines will appear between the notes in the melody. click on the note at 88 .

If you wish to recover these elements grab the left (beginning) or right (ending) segment separation and move it.the desired position and a new separation will be inserted. Of course you can grab the separation and drag it to where you wish it to be. If you hear two separate notes that should actually be one note.opening the selection rectangle will lead to a fusion of all notes within it! With the tool to change note separation you can also change the start of the first note and ending of the last note if you require that option: it is possible that Melodyne filtered out breathing noises you wish to keep. If you click on the single notes with the “Play Note” tool each note will be played exactly in the area between the separations. A comfortable way to check the note separation quickly and edit them is to go through them with the cursor keys on your computer keyboard. This allows you to find the ideal separation position. grab the separation line and move it with the mouse to the correct position. or it is possible that Melodyne has not properly detected a sustain and has filtered out the end of the note.they will then be united to one note. Now you will hear the first note exactly up until its separation line. Place the play position in front of the first note and press the right cursor key.if you hear two notes that should have been separated press the down cursor key. press the up cursor key and the last two notes you heard will be fused. If you wish to cancel the separation between two notes and fuse them into one. Beware: this tool does not support multiple selection of notes . The previously unheard part of the recording is now recovered. Melodyne will then separate the note you heard last where it considers a separation to be the most probable. The tonal center is also re-evaluated for both new notes. Melodyne attempts to find the best possible place for a separation. Using the right and left cursor keys you can listen to the notes forwards and backwards. 89 . pull the selection rectangle over the separation line of the notes you wish to fuse . If Melodyne were to be mistaken. which is why the separation line does not have to appear where you clicked.

Melodyne will set the bar background such that the best congruence with the played material is reached. If the detection was successful you might need to place the first bar start to its intended position as the first beat of a bar may not always be recognized. In the reverse case choose “Double Tempo”. Choose “Half Tempo” in action menu. At first the time 90 .The Tool to Define the Tempo of a Melody action menu signature tempo quantise Play note This tool defines the relation the melody has to time and signature. If the tempo is irregular throughout the arrangement it will have to be re. If you choose the tool to define the tempo of the melody a yellow line will appear at the start of the first bar. It is best to activate the metronome using the menu item Play -> Click. If the tempo was correctly identified but you wish to define the signature set by Melodyne in quarter notes to eighth notes you can change this in the action menu.edited in most cases. First enter the signature you desire in the signature fields . Then move the bar start utilizing the arrow buttons in the inspector bar to place the bar start to where the first beat of the bar is situated in the melody. If the material is rhythmical in nature and holds a constant beat. Yet. yet a few beats are before or after their intended beat. If the tempo is generally constant throughout the piece. That is our “time anchor”: if you grab and drag this line the entire bar background moves with it.if it is not in common time. Choose the tool for defining the tempo of the melody. if you grab the background at some other place at the start of a beat you thereby change the tempo without moving the time anchor. Melodyne attempts to find the correct tempo in the detection process. The best way to correct this is to choose “1/4 Quant” in the quantise menu. it is probable that Melodyne will make a correct identification.

(whether this proves to be successful depends largely on the material you use.should allow you to finish this task in just one playing of the melody: drag the time anchor to the start of the first note in the first bar and stretch or compress the tempo by grabbing the next bar start such that it comes to rest close to the first note of the next bar. You can afix it to a note . The time anchor will then move to the start of that note.by clicking on it if you think it represents the beat of the entire piece best. Playing the music with the metronome click.) This option is only available if no independent tempo segments were previously defined.. only then will the melody adapt to the tempo of the new arrangement correctly. If in your piece the third beat of a bar best represents the beat of the piece move the time anchor such that the third beat is very close to the start of the note you wish to throw anchor with. Click on that note and the bar start will snap to that note. Placing the bar starts is quite comfortable and . If the first note of the next bar again is somewhat close to the start of the 91 . A red line will appear.wherever in the bar it is situated . however it is not necessary that it remains there. Double click the note. you can now find the best tempo for the melody by varying the tempo. Then you throw anchor with that rhythm for the entire piece. which displays the start of a new tempo definition. You can also double click the first note of the respective bars. That will cause a new tempo definition to take effect and at the same time snap to that note. This is also a prerequisite for inserting such a melody later into a different arrangement.anchor is situated at the start of the first bar. A melody which is sung or played with completely free tempo or with strongly varied tempo can and should be defined bar by bar in order to achieve an ideal assignment of notes to their beats or allow the notes to find their indended place in the beat. click on the note once more and the anchor is cast. If you found a tempo that you think is appropriate you can get Melodyne to set this tempo and its general disposition to fit the present notes by choosing “Optimize Tempo” in the action menu..having practized a little .

You can also change the tempo at a bar start without having to anchor it with a note by clicking in the background at the start of a bar where no note is situated. This change of playback speed of course in no way influences the tempo that you are about to process and define. Yet. The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Beats quantise Play note If the tempo was correctly defined the notation display of the melody will get a lot neater and more correct at once. If you wish to cancel all tempo changes you can do this by the action “Equal Tempo” in the action menu. If you want to assign the tempo of the current arrangement to the definition of the melody you can do so with the action “Tempo from Arrangement” in the action menu. With a little experience you will be doing this while the music is playing: engage the metronome click over the menu item Play -> Click. In this fashion you click yourself from bar to bar through the entire melody. In the “Temporary Play Offsets” window activated by the menu item Windows > Temporary Play Offsets you can reduce the playing speed as far as you like and set the bar start while the music is playing. If it is too far away adjust the tempo a little and then double click the note. maybe it is not entirely equivalent to what the musicians would have in front of them while 92 .bar double click that note as well. This tempo does not have to be identical to the tempo of the arrangement from which it was opened. A set tempo change can be cancelled by re. If the melody that was supposed to be defined was opened from an arrangement that contains serveral melodies it will appear with its own tempo in the Definition Window if it was identified in the detection process.double clicking on that particular bar start.

the notes will temporarily be moved to exactly the place that corresponds to their representation by the score notes in the above score display. but are still somewhat off beat when you listen to the melody. you can drag the note in the melody representation below to the place where it sounds the way it is supposed to according to the score. (We are in the Definition Mode and do not want to change the music in any way!) Yet. the way it was musically intended. If you choose a different tool this temporary quantising will disappear. You can now listen to the music in this quantised version and decide whether the intention you can see in the score comes through. we wish to assign the notes played to the intended notes. to put this differently. That will allow a very intuitive and flexible way to work musically with Melodyne later on. A musician does not play like a machine. Simultaneously they move to the same place in the melody representation below. nor would we wish them to. If you choose the tool to assign the notes to their intended beats.recording the piece . Remember: we do not change the melody in the Definition Mode! 93 . If the notes are written correctly in the score. you can grab the notes in the score display above and move them to the place intended by the composer.or. If a note had been assigned automatically to a beat with smaller units than the ones defined in the quantise menu. Thus. it will move to the closest beat position allowed by that size first. If the melody is not written correctly in the score. We do not want to change that here. With the quantise menu you define the smallest unit by which the notes can be moved on assignment. they will also be played in a different manner rhythmically.

If you still would wish to apply your changes of definition the melody. There. If you confirmed the changes. 94 . The assignments appear as a blue background in the shiftable semitone steps. The playing function associated with this tool plays the melody with tones allocated to these quantified steps such that the assignment can be checked simply by listening to the melody. it will not be automatically actualized.The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Semitones Play note If the pitch of a note is not clear enough with respect to its tonal position it can be assigned to a semitone with this tool. the musical changes you made prior to the definition of the melody will be lost. the melody will automatically be updated in the arrangement from which the Melody Definition Window was opened. you can choose whether you wish to keep the changes you made. you can do so with the action ”Reset to Definition” in the “Define Melody” action menu in the Arrangement Window. Taking over the Melody Definition If you close the Melody Definition Window. That actualizes the “. However. This is why you should always check a detected melody in the Melody Definition Window before editing it musically.mdd” file that is attached to your original sound file. If you already made some changes of pitch prior to defining the melody. the detection data is stored.

single click resets to previous zoom Scrub-Mode: listening to the “local sound” with pressed and dragged mouse Scrub Solo: scrub mode for the selected melody Play Note: plays a single clicked note or selection Action menu: “Detect Melody” to start the detection of an undetected melody.A Quick Reference of Tools and Inspectors An exaustive description of the work with the tools can be found in the chapter “The Tools and their Inspectors” THE TOOLS IN THE ARRANGEMENT WINDOW The Selection Tool action menu quantise Zoom Scrub mode Scrub solo Play note • • • • • • Selection: selection for copying and pasting Zoom: by dragging a selection rectangle.” to open the tone scale editor panel • Quantise: Defines the behavior of copied and pasted melody segments 95 . “Tone Scale. “Reset to Definition” to reset a melody to its newly selected definfition. “Edit Definition” to open the Definition Window if the melody is detected...

“Triple Tempo” to strectch or shorten the melody by these factors • Quantise: the step size when moving a melody quantized • Arrow Keys: to move the melody with the steps selected in the quantise menu The Tool to Change the Tempo of the Arrangement action menu signature tempo quantise Play note • Changing the Tempo: To drag the beat of the background changes the tempo. • Signature: entering the desired signature for the arrangement or segment • Tempo: manual definition of the tempo of the arrangement or segment • Arrow Keys: move the entire bar background by the steps previously defined in the “Quantise” menu 96 . a double click on a tempo change cancels it.The Tool to Move a Melody in Time action menu move melody quantized quantise Play note • To move a melody in time: moves the entire melody in its track • Action Menu: “Adapt Time” adapts a (previously detected) melody to the time of the arrangement. • Action Menu: “Double Tempo” and “Half Tempo” changes the notation to its double or half note value without changing the music . “Equal Tempo” cancel all tempo changes and sets the entire arrangement to a regular tempo. double clicking the background at the beginning of a bar introduces a tempo change. “Half Tempo”. “Double Tempo”. “Third Tempo”. “Tempo from Melody” defines the own tempo of the selected melody as a reference for the arrangement and adapts the other melodies accordingly.

A single click resets to previous zoom • Scrub-Mode: listening to the “local sound” with pressed and dragged mouse • Play Note: plays a single clicked note or selection • Quantise: Defines the relative position of copied and pasted melody segments 97 . with Shift key held down also zooming in vertical direction.THE TOOLS IN THE EDITOR WINDOW play mode track selection For all tools: • Playback Mode: defines if the currently edited melody. the melodies visible in the Editor Window or the entire arrangement are played • Track Selection: selects the melody to worked with or transfers it to the Editor Window The Selection Tool quantise Zoom Scrub mode Play note • Selection: select to copy or paste • Zoom: by dragging a selection rectangle.

Cents.The Pitch Shifting Tools note cent hertz reset quantise Change phrasing in a note Change pitch transition between notes Play note • Change Pitch: changing the pitch with the mouse • Changing the Phrasing of a Note: straighten the pitch course to the average pitch. phrasing or original transition depending on the active tool • Quantise: free moving of the pitch or snapping of notes to semitones or notes of a key The Tools to Change the Formant Position formant in cent reset Change formant transition between notes Play note • Changing the Formant Position: changing the formant position of a note by dragging its formant bar • Formant Transition: changing the velocity of formant transition between notes with different formant positions by dragging the blue transition line • Text Field “Formant”: display and numerical entering of the divergence of the original or changed formant position in cent • Reset: reset to the original or corrected formant position 98 . or Hertz • Reset: reset a note to its original pitch. “Hertz”: display of the pitch change in semitone. deminish or amplify a vibrato by dragging it up or down • Change the Transition between Notes: adaption of the transition of notes that were pitch shifted to their environment by dragging the blue transition lines • Text fields “Note”. “Cent”.

inversely downwards.The Tools to Change the Amplitudes amplitude reset Change amplitude transition between notes Mute note Play note • Change Amplitude: by dragging a note upwards or downwards • Change the Amplitude Transition between Notes: by dragging the blue transition lines • Mute Note: by clicking on a note. or by entering a value in the “attack” field • Arrow Keys “Moving” and Quantise: moving of selected notes by the steps selected in the quantise menu. a further click makes it audible again • Text Field “Amplitude”: display of the numerical change of the amplitude • Reset: reset to the original amplitude The Tools to Change Notes in Time move attack reset quantise Stretch notes Change initial speed of notes Play note • Move Notes: by grabbing one or more notes and horizontal dragging • Stretch Note: by grabbing and dragging a note in front the note is stretched or shortened at its start. respectively the same happens at the end by grabbing it from behind • Change the initial speed of a note: by moving the blue point on the lever at the start of a note upwards more staccato. If quantise is active clicked note snap to their assigned beats (not dependent upon the quantise size) 99 .

by grabbing and dragging a separation marker it is moved • Separate Segments: by clicking on an existing note separation the melody is divided there into two processable segments 100 .The Note Separation Tool Separate segments Play note • Changing the Note Separation: by clicking on a note it is divided into two parts. by dragging the selection rectangle over the separation. notes are fused.

THE TOOLS IN THE MELODY DEFINITION WINDOW The Selection Tool action menu Zoom Scrub mode Play note • Selection: this tool has no special function in the definition mode • Zoom: by dragging a selection rectangle.. A single click resets to previous zoom • Scrub-Mode: listening to the “local sound” with pressed and dragged mouse • Play Note: plays a single clicked note or selection • Action Menu: “Redetect Melody” to restart the detection of a melody with different parameters.. with Shift key held down also zooming in vertical direction.” to open the tone scale editor panel The Tool to Correct the Detected Pitch Play note • Correct Pitch: by dragging a note to its correct position 101 . “Tone Scale.

by dragging the selection rectangle over the separation notes are fused. click a note drops the anchor. double clicking a bar start sets or removes a new tempo definition • Action Menu: “Double Tempo” and “Half Tempo” changes the fundamental beat accordingly. “Equal Tempo” cancels all manually entered new tempo defintions. “Tempo from Arrangement” sets the tempo of the arrangement from which the melody definition was opened.The Note Separation Tool Play note • Changing the Note Separation: by clicking on a note it is divided into two parts. dragging a bar beat changes the tempo. • Arrow Keys and Quantise: moves the entire bar background by the steps selected in the quantise menu • Signature: manually entering of nominator and denominator of the signature • Tempo: manually entering the tempo 102 . by grabbing and dragging a separation marker it is moved The Tool to Define the Tempo of a Melody action menu signature tempo quantise Play note • Definition of the Tempo: moving the yellow anchor line in the bar background. “Optimize Tempo” attempts to adapt the tempo to the present notes if tempo was manually approximated.

moving them below in the editor window itself moves their tonal content against the beat The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Pitch Play note • Assigning the notes to their intended Pitch: by dragging the notes by the blue background rectangles upwards or downwards a semitone position is assigned 103 .The Tool to Assign the Notes to their Intended Beat quantise Play note • Assigning Notes to their Intended Beat: move the notes in the above score display assigns the notes to a new beat.

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