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# TEACHING SCRIPTS NAME: ZAINURAIN BT ZAINAL ABIDIN SUBJECT: SCIENCE CLASS: FORM 1 SSU Theme: Learning Area: Learning

Objective: Learning Outcome: 3. Matter in Nature 3.2 The Air Around Us Understanding what air is made up of (the composition of air) A student is able to: state what air is made up of explain why air is a mixture state the average percentage of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide in air. carry out activities to show: a) the percentage of oxygen in air. b) that air contains water vapour, microorganisms and dust. Epson projector and interactive pen, Teachers Notes, Amali Proses Sains Form 1 book, Gas jar, gas jar stand, candle, matches, sterilized Petri dish containing nutrient agar. Good afternoon, students. How are you? Before we continue with the lesson, can you tell what the percentage of nitrogen in air is? Teacher listens to students responses and guides them if necessary. Good! What about the percentage of oxygen in air? Teacher listens to students responses and guides them if necessary. Very good! Now what is the percentage of carbon dioxide in the air? Teacher listens to students responses and guides them if necessary. Well done! Do you think the percentage of these gases is the same in the city and in the country side? Teacher listens to students responses and guides them if necessary.

Materials:

Teacher:

Why do you say so? Teacher listens to students responses and guides them if necessary. So, is air a mixture or a compound? Teacher listens to students responses. Very good! Air is a mixture because the composition of air varies from place to place. Components of air such as oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide are not chemically combined. Teacher continues explaining on the percentage of oxygen in air and that air contains water vapour, microorganisms and dust from the PowerPoint notes. Then, teacher asks students to refer activity in Amali Proses Sains book. With reference to the book, you may carry out the investigation. Allow the students to carry out the activity in about 20 minutes. Teacher goes round to help students with the activity. At the end of the activity, teacher discusses the results obtained with the students. Note: Refer to the Teachers Notes How high did the water level rise in the gas jar? Teacher listens to students responses. Very good! Now please change it into percentage and give me your answer. Teacher allows students time to calculate the percentage. Good! So, we have shown that air contains 20% oxygen. Now, the last activity that we are going to do today is to show that air also contains microorganisms. Each group will be given a sterilised petri-dish containing nutrient agar. Leave the petri-dish uncovered on the table for 20 minutes and then cover it. Seal the petri-dish with cellophane tape and leave it inverted in a cupboard for 3 days. We will then observe the results. Students are given 25 minutes to carry out this activity. Note: Teacher must discuss the results obtained in 3 days time. When students have finished their tasks, teacher discusses and concludes the lesson for the day.

So, boys and girls, from all the activities we have done, what is air made up of? Teacher waits and listens to students responses. Very good! Air is made up of different gases, water vapour and dust and microorganisms. Thank you.