Electrical Relay Diagram and P&ID Symbols From Industrial Text and Video Co.

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Electrical Relay Diagram Symbols

E LECTRICAL R ELAY D IAGRAM S YMBOLS

SWITCHES Disconnect Circuit Interrupter
C1

Circuit Breaker

DISC

Limit Normally Normally Neutral Position Open Closed LS LS Actuated LS
LS

CB

Held Closed
LS

Held Open
LS

NP NP

Limit (cont.) Maintained Proximity Switch Position Closed Open
LS PRS PRS

Liquid Level

Vacuum & Pressure Normally Closed
PS

Temperature Normally Normally Open Closed
TS TS

Normally Normally Normally Open Closed Open
FS FS PS

Flow (Air, Water)

Foot

Toggle

Normally Normally Normally Normally Open Closed Open Closed
FLS FLS FTS FTS TGS

Cable Operated (Emerg.) Switch
COS

Plugging
F PLS PLS F

Nonplug
F PLS

PB R R

Plugging w/Lockout Coil
F PLS 1

Selector 2-Position
SS 2 1

3-Position
SS 2 3

Rotary Selector Nonbridging Bridging Contacts Contacts
RSS RSS

OR
RSS 1 LO

OR
RSS

Thermocouple Switch
TCS OFF – +

Single Circuit Normally Open
PB

Push Buttons Double Circuit Mushroom PB Head
PB

Total Contacts To Suit Needs Connections, Etc. Maintained Conductors Contact Not Connected Connected
PB

1 2

– –

+ +

Normally Closed
PB

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Electrical Relay Diagram Symbols

Contacts Connections, Etc. (cont.) Chassis Plug Time Delay After Coil Relay, Etc. Thermal Ground Or Frame and Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally OverNot Necessarily Recp. Open Load Closed Open Closed Open Closed Grounded
GRD CH PL TR TR TR TR CR M CR M OL IDL

CON

CON

RECP

Coils Solenoids, Brakes, Etc. Thermal Relays, Timers, 2-Position 3-Position 2-Position Overload General Hydraulic Pneumatic Lubrication Element Etc.
CR TR M CON SOL SOL 2-H SOL 3-P 2-L SOL OL IOL H1

Control Circuit Transformer
H3 H2 H4 T X2

X1

Coils (cont.) Reactors (cont.) Adjustable Iron Core Air Core Magnetic Amplifier Winding
MAX X X

Motors 3-Phase Motor
MTR

DC Motor Armature
MTR

A

Pilot Lights Push to Test
PL PL

Horns, Siren, Etc.
AH

Buzzer
ABU

Bell
ABE

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P&ID Symbols

P&ID S YMBOLS
INSTRUMENT LINE SYMBOLS
Capillary tube Electric signal EM, sonic, radioactive Hydraulic Pneumatic Process

SYMBOLS FOR TRANSDUCERS AND ELEMENTS
FE 10
FE 104

Orifice plate

Venturi or nozzle

EE 4

FI 5

Magnetic

Rotameter

FV 101

Control valve

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P&ID Symbols

INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION LETTERING

First Letter A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Analysis Burner, combustion User’s choice User’s choice Voltage Flow rate User's choice Hand (manually initiated) Current (electric) Power Time or time schedule Level User’s choice User’s choice User’s choice Pressure, vacuum Quantity Radiation Speed or frequency Temperature Multivariable Vibration, mechanical analysis Weight, force Unclassified** Event, state, or presence Position, dimension

Second Letter Alarm User’s choice* Control Sensory (primary element) Glass (sight tube) Indicate Control station Light (pilot) User’s choice Orifice, restriction Point (test connection) Record or print Switch Transmit Multifunction Valve, damper, louver Well Unclassified Relay, compute Driver, actuator, unclassified

* User’s choice may be used to denote a particular meaning, having one meaning as a first letter and another meaning as a second letter. The user must describe the particular meaning(s) in the legend. This letter can be used repetitively in a particular project. * Unclassified letters may be used only once or to a limited extent. If used, the * letter may have one meaning as a first letter and another meaning as a second letter. The user must specify the meaning(s) in the legend.
Reference: ANSI/ISA-S5.1-1984, Instrumentation Symbols and Identification, ISBN 0-87664-844-8

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