University of the Philippines

College of Science

PHYSICS 72
1st Semester 2012-2013 First Long Problem Set

III. A. kQqo/a2 . cube B: 4Q E. To change your answer.g. Useful formulas: Area Sphere (radius = r) Cylinder (radius =r. D. I only II only III only I and II I. Its magnitude follows the inverse square law.988 x 109 Nm2/C2 4 "r 2 4 3 "r 3 2"rh ! "r 2 h ! 1. The Cube. Which of the following statements about the electric field due to a point charge is TRUE? I. A. They were made to momentarily touch each other. cube B: 2Q T-square. cube B: 0 B. downward E. cross-out and sign your original answer and then shade your new answer.1 x 10-31 kg 8. kQqo/a2 . B. cube B: Q C. upward D. No computational devices allowed (e. Cube A: -4Q. E-wan. What are the final charges of each cube a long time after touching? A. a Q q0 a Q a Q 3.60 x 10-19 C 9. Cube A: -2Q. Zero 2. Following instructions is part of the exam. cube B: -2Q D. to the left C. to the right B. Cube A: 0. Both ! cubes have the same dimensions and are conducting. height = h) Volume Useful constants: e me εo k -1. mobile phones).854 x 10-12 C2/Nm2 8. kQqo/a2 . E. What is the net electric force on q0 given the system at the right? Each point charge has charge Q. II. It points towards a positive point charge. C.!Cube A has initial charge 4Q and cube B has initial charge –2Q. Cube A: 4Q. Its magnitude depends on the square of the charge magnitude. II and III .National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer and shade the corresponding circle on your answer sheet. Cube A: Q. calculators. kQqo/a2 .

A negative point charge with initial velocity vo enters a region of uniform electric field directed downward as shown. Sphere 1: 0. sphere 2: 0 D. Consider three parallel infinitely long wires with linear charge density as shown in the figure below. respectively. kλ/a. is then placed near sphere 2.National Institute of Physics 4. 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 Adidas. The wires are coplanar and separated by a distance a. -25C Trajectory. 0C B. 3kλ/a. They are then brought into contact. 3kλ/a. sphere 2: + B. What is the electric field at a point on the bottom wire? A. Now a conducting wire is momentarily connected between spheres 1 and 2 and then removed. Conduction. Finally. from the next. are mounted on insulating support rods. downward E. Sphere 1: -. Which trajectory would the charge most likely follow as it traverses the electric field? 5. sphere 2: - . -15C E. What is the amount of charge on conductor X at electrostatic equilibrium? A. Sphere 3. which are uncharged metals. upward -λ D. Sphere 1: +. sphere 2: + C. -5C C. sphere 3 is removed. kλ/a. Zero λ Transfer. carrying a positive charge. Sphere 1: +. downward C. Sphere 1: -. -10C D. Two identical conductors X and Y are separately charged with +15C and -25C. sphere 2: E. What are the final charges of spheres 1 and 2? A. upward -λ B. 6. Spheres 1 and 2. 7.

+2σ E. 1. right C. . An electron is launched into the uniform electric field between two parallel plates with an initial horizontal velocity vo=1. The left (L) and right (R) sheets have surface charge densities +σ and -σ. The charge density of sheet M located in between L and R is not known. It was found that the net force on a test charge placed at point P is zero.60×1011 N.60×10-14 N. respectively. up D. +σ C. The magnitude of the electric field is 1. Zero Force. 1. 8.00×10-5 N.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 Consider three infinite (nonconducting) sheets of charge placed side by side as with their cross-sections shown below.60×106 m/s.60×10-14 N. 1. 1.00×105 N/C. What is the charge density of sheet M? A. down E. Density. left B. -σ B. 1.60×1011 N. For the next two numbers. consider an infinite line charge with charge – λ that is at a distance d above point NOY and a point charge +Q placed at the left of point NOY. What is the force (magnitude and direction) experienced by the electron? A. down 9. -2σ D.

+ Q/2ε0 D. A sphere centered at +Q with radius d and a cylinder centered at –λ with radius 2d and has infinite length 11. What is the net electric field at point NOY? Note: k = 1/(4πεo) A. zero B. what will be the electric force acting on +Q? Note: k = 1/(4πεo) A. E = 2kQ/d2 i . Point UP is at a distance 2R away from +2Q charge. Gaussian. Force. |F| = kQ2/4R2.kλ/d j C. One sphere centered at +Q with a radius d and another sphere centered at – λ with radius d B. zero . upward D. |F| = 2kQ2/4R2. |F| = kQ2/4R2. – Q/2ε0 E. downward E. E = 2kQ/d2 i + kλ/d j B.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 10. Which of the following Gaussian surfaces can be used to manually calculate the electric field at point NOY? A. +Q/ε0 B. – Q/ε0 C. Flux. E = kQ/d2 i . A sphere centered at +Q with radius d and a cylinder centered at –λ with radius d and has infinite length E. downward C. A. upward 13. If a +Q charge is placed at point UP.2kλ/d j E. E = kQ/d2 i + kλ/d j 12. One cylinder centered at +Q with radius d and has infinite length and another cylinder centered at –λ with radius d and has infinite length C. Consider a +2Q charge placed at the center of a thin uniformly-charged spherical conducting shell with net charge –Q and radius R. |F| = 2kQ2/4R2. Consider a point charge +Q placed at the center of a cubic surface with side-length 2d. E = kQ/d2 i + 2kλ/d j D. Determine the net flux through the cubic surface if the point charge is moved to the right at a distance d/2 from the center. Field. One cylinder centered at +Q with radius d and has infinite length and another cylinder centered at –λ with radius 2d and has infinite length D.

If the inner shell has total charge +q. 3kq/r2 C. what are the (induced) charges on its inner and outer surfaces? A. A point charge of -q is located at a distance R/2 from the center of the shell. the electric field is parallel to the z axis. Consider two concentric conducting spherical shells. The figure shows a cross section of a spherical metal shell of inner radius R.1 x 104 Nm2/C E. Charges on Conductors. +q. q/ε0 B. If the shell has a net charge of 3q. zero B. At each point on the surface of the cube shown in figure.1 x 104 Nm2/C B. what is the electric field magnitude at a distance b<r<c? A. kq/r2 E. Gauss Law. zero B.1 x 104 Nm2/C C. Charges on Conductors.-q 16.0 x 103 N/C k. Zero . -2. -2q C. (Q+6q)/ε0 D.1 x 104 Nm2/C 15. zero. +q. What is the net flux through the cube? A. In addition. Zero D. Electric flux. +q. and on the bottom face of the cube E = 7. A positive point charge Q is located at the center of a cube of side-length L.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 14. (Q+6q)/6ε0 E. six other identical positive point charges q are positioned symmetrically around Q. as shown in the figure. 14. kq/b2 17. -7. +2q D. On the top face of the cube E = -14 x 103 N/C k. +3q E.0 m. 2kq/r2 D. The length of each edge of the cube is 1. 2. +q. 6q/ε0 C. What is the electric flux through one face of the cube? A.

National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 18. A point charge q is located at the center of a uniform ring having linear charge density λ and radius a. What is the total electric flux through a Gaussian sphere centered at the point charge and having radius R. q/ε0 C. where R<a. as shown in the figure. Gauss Law. Six identical point charges +Q are placed along the circumference of a circle of radius R whose center coincides with the origin. Which of the following configurations will produce the highest potential at the origin? E. zero B. 2πλa/ε0 E. (2πλa + q)/ε0 19. A. Circle. . λR2/2a ε0 D. ALL will produce the same potential at the origin.

The potential difference between the surfaces I and II is measured to be 2. 0 B. Working. Either A. Test. C. Uniform field. Either point A or B E.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 20.00 x 10-9 C is brought from A to C and then to B. -1. kq2/(2a) D. Another positive test charge q = 1. The work done by the electrostatic force is zero. 21. 2kq2/(a) For the next two questions. -2. A negative point charge -q is moved downward in a uniform electric field E directed to the right. consider spherical equipotential surfaces (whose cross sections are shown in the figure) surrounding a positive point charge. D. A positive test charge q0 is to be placed in one of the labeled points along the surfaces. E.00 V. 1. B or C II I 23. At point B C. 2. Two positive charges +q are to be fixed along the x-axis at x=-a and x=a. The work done by the electrostatic force is positive. At point C D.00 x 10-9 J . B. How much potential energy is needed to assemble the system? A. kq2/(4a) E.00 x 10-9 J D. 0 B. The work done by the electrostatic force is negative. Potential energy decreases due to the motion of the charge. What is the total work done by the electric field in moving the test charge? A. Surface. kq2/a C. 22. At which location for the test charge will the potential energy of the system be highest? A. At point A B.00 x 10-9 J E. Potential energy is stored due to this motion of the point charge.00 x 10-9 J C. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A.

D. Consider two small spheres A and B initially separated by a distance of r0. How close can sphere B get to sphere A? Neglect the force of gravity. None of the above . Both have the same charge of q. Consider an isolated square conductor slab with charge density -ρ as shown. E.) 25. Electric Potential. A. C. Potential energy. Sphere A is held on a stationary position while sphere B is launched towards sphere A with a speed v.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 24. which is greatest in terms of potentials? (a and 2a are distances of the given point from the slab. Sphere B has mass m. Among the points A to E. B.

Which of the plots below best represent its corresponding electric field-versus-position (E vs. r) plot shown below.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 26. Electric Potential and Electric Field. Consider an electric potential-versusposition (V vs. r) plot? .

VA = VB = VC B. VA = VB = VC 28. It will decrease by a factor of 4 E. Dielectric. the area of each plate is increased by a factor of 2. The potential applied to the capacitor is then increased to 10V. and the radius of A is three times the radius of C (ra = 2rb = 3rc). 1. It will be quartered E. which of the following statements is correct at electrostatic equilibrium? A.0 D. QA > QB > QC. Energy. 2.0 . Consider a 10µF parallel plate capacitor initially connected to a 5-V DC power supply. It will increase by a factor of 2 B. Conductors and Electric Potential. Conducting spheres C. It will increase by a factor of 4 C. VA = VB = VC E. What happens to the energy stored in the capacitor? A. A and B are connected to each other by conducting wires as shown in the figure. Capacitance. It will be doubled B. The initial potential energy is 750µJ. It will D. It will remain the same 29. What is the value of κ? A. QA < QB < QC.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 27. It will E.0 B. 2. It will B. The energy of the capacitor becomes 500µJ. It will be quadrupled C. Charge. 30. A parallel plate capacitor is connected to a battery. VA = VB = VC D. 1. consider an isolated parallel plate capacitor with an initial charge 100µC. It will decrease by a factor of 2 D. A dielectric κ is then inserted into the capacitor. It will remain the same For the next two numbers. QA = QB < QC.5 C. While connected to the battery. If the radius of A is twice of B. What happens to the capacitance of the capacitor? A. It will C. 3. QA = QB = QC. What A.5 E. VA < VB = VC C. It will happens to the charge of the capacitor? increase by a factor κ increase by a factor κ2 decrease by a factor κ decrease by a factor κ2 remain the same 31. It will be halved D. QA > QC > QB.

VC1 > VC2 .National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 32. 5 kV/m C. 10 kV/m B. The capacitor is connected to a 10-V battery. what will be the new electric field due to the plates of the capacitor? A. Assume that each of the capacitors has capacitance equal to C. 2 kV/m D. 5 kV/m C. Dielectrics. 1 kV/m E. Consider the following diagrams at the right. consider a parallel plate capacitor which consists of plates of area 1cm2. Two capacitors C1=C and C2=4C are connected in parallel to a 3-V battery. QC1 > QC2 33. separated by 2mm. VC1 = VC2 . 10 kV/m B. Which of the following circuit diagrams on its right corresponds to the capacitor combination? . QC1 = QC2 D. Which of the following statements is always TRUE about the charge stored and voltage across each capacitor? A. VC1 = VC2 . Which has the highest effective capacitance? For the next two numbers. QC1 < QC2 E. QC1 < QC2 B. QC1 = QC2 C. 2 kV/m D. 1 kV/m E. VC1 < VC2 . Parallel plate capacitor. Capacitance. Two dielectric slabs are placed inside a capacitor as shown in the figure. Effective capacitance. Dielectric Slab. VC1 < VC2 . 0 35. What is the electric field between the plates? A. If a dielectric slab (κ=2) is then placed in between the plates. 0 36. 34.

Current through the resistor is at minimum B. Charge on the capacitor is at minimum D. – 2. Assuming that the current densities in all materials are the same. A and B E. – 2. what is the concentration of the carriers? A. 2.5 x 106 m3 C.0 x 10-4 m/s i. If the diameter is halved while the length is doubled. 1/8 times the original 42. Power dissipated through the resistor is at minimum C. composed of a battery V (internal resistance not shown). 1/4 times the original E. The current density J in a wire is given by 50. Three different materials A. B and C each have resistivities ρA > ρB > ρC. I’ve got the powah! Consider three identical resistors connected to the battery as shown at the right. Same as the original D. A.0 A/m2 i. Current Density. R1 < R2 < R3 B.5 x 106 m-3 38. Ohm’s Law. B > A > C C. If the drift velocity of the charge carriers (q = -0. C > A > B D.5 x 106 m-3 B. Resistors.5 x 105 m-3 D.5 x 106 m3 E. R1 = R2 = R3 40. 4 times the original C. C > B > A E. which of the following statements is/are true? A.1 C) is –2. R1 < R2 = R3 C.National Institute of Physics 1st Sem AY 2012-2013 Physics 72 37. A > B > C B. 2. Resistance. A > C > B 39. R1 = R2 < R3 D. B and C 41. Consider the circuit below. RC circuit. When the system is at steady state. and a capacitor C. rank the three in order of increasing electric field magnitude. R1 > R2 = R3 E. A. Arrange the three resistors in order of increasing dissipated power. 8 times the original B. A piece of cylindrical copper wire has diameter d and length L. what happens to its resistance? A. Given a set of three identical resistors. a resistor R. which configuration would have the highest dissipated power for a constant voltage? . 2.

1s B.5 0. 4 times E. 2I1 .I2 .I2 + I3 = 0 C. C. 1. 0. B.5 1 0. . 0. Same C. 2 times D. ½ times B. .5 0 0 0. 8 times 45. A.I3 = 0 . D.I1 . E.1 0.8 0.I1 + I2 + I3 = 0 D. and B3 are connected to a voltage power supply. 43. Three bulbs B1.3 0.9 1 44. Using the circuit diagram on the right use junction rule to express the relationship of the assumed current direction.2 0. 0.A. 0.25s C.71 A? Hint: e = 2. how much power is B1 getting compared to B2 and B3? A.45s D. I1 + I2 + I3 = 0 B.I3 = 0 E.71… A.0s I vs time 3 2. .6 time (sec) 0.I1 + 2I2 . The resistance of B1 is twice that of B2 and B3 (2R2 = R1 = 2R3).4 0. RC circuit.5 I (amps) 2 1. From the current curve of a RC circuit shown on the right.8s E. Power.7 0. B2. Kirchhoff. what is the time constant of the circuit if the initial current Io = 2.

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