Intermodal Container Emergencies

Intermodal Containers Presented by Bill Hand Training Coordinator Hazardous Materials Response Team Harris County, Texas
International Hazmat Response Teams Conference
Copyright 2010

Baltimore, MD 2010

Material in this workshop is based on the text: Intermodal Containers
Topics in 98 page text include: 1. Codes and regulations. 2. Types of containers. 3. Standard Operating Procedures.

Many of the photos in this presentation are used with the permission of the authors of this text.

Copyright 2010


Intermodal Container Emergencies

Handling Container Emergencies

NFPA 472
(B) Given examples of the following intermodal tanks, the hazardous materials technician shall identify each intermodal tank by type and identify at least one material, and its hazard class, that is typically found in each tank: (1) Nonpressure intermodal tanks: (a) IM-101 (IMO Type 1 internationally) portable tank (b) IM-102 (IMO Type 2 internationally) portable tank (2) Pressure intermodal tanks (DOT 51) (IMO Type 5 internationally) (3) Specialized intermodal tanks: (a) Cryogenic intermodal tanks (IMO Type 7 internationally) (b) Tube modules

Copyright 2010


Intermodal Container Emergencies

NFPA 472

Given three examples of containers, DOT specification markings for nonbulk and bulk packaging, and the associated reference guide, the hazardous materials technician shall identify the basic design and construction features of each container. (A) The hazardous materials technician shall identify the basic design and construction features, including closures, of the following bulk containers: (3) Intermodal tanks such as the following: (a) Nonpressure intermodal tanks: i. IM-101 portable tank ii IM-102 ii. IM 102 portable tank (b) Pressure intermodal tanks (specification 51) (c) Specialized intermodal tanks: i. Cryogenic intermodal tanks ii. Tube modules


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Intermodal Container Emergencies



Copyright 2010


Intermodal Container Emergencies

Rail Land Bridge

Land Bridge

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Usually a single tank with no internal compartments.400 gal (24. Copyright 2010 6 .Intermodal Container Emergencies Highway CONTAINER FEATURES u PORTABLE TANK FEATURES u u u u Over 90. Box type or beam type frame.000 L). Liquid capacity of 6.000 containers in circulation.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Box Frame Beam Frame Container Orientation Left Top Front Rear Right Bottom Copyright 2010 7 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Container Markings Copyright 2010 8 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Reporting Marks and Number Owners Code & Serial Number Country. and Type Code Other Marking Copyright 2010 9 . Size.

Intermodal Container Emergencies HAZCHEM (UK) HAZCHEM (UK) Copyright 2010 10 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 11 .

R.Intermodal Container Emergencies A.D. (Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road) ADR Kemler Code UN ID Number Copyright 2010 12 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 13 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 14 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Product tags Document Holder Copyright 2010 15 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Corner Casting Copyright 2010 16 .

. CONTAINER FEATURES u MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION: u u u u 90% of tank containers are stainless steel.Intermodal Container Emergencies CONTAINER FEATURES u PORTABLE TANKS MAY BE EQUIPPED WITH: u u u u u Internal linings to protect tank from its contents. Aluminum and magnesium alloy tanks cannot be used in marine transportation. acids . Insulation Insulation. Refrigeration units. Copyright 2010 17 .g.125 inches stainless steel. Non-regulated commodities are .1875 inches for regulated commodities. Electrical controls. e. Stainless steel tanks are . Heating units.

Intermodal Container Emergencies NON-PRESSURE TANK CONTAINERS u IM 101 AND IM 102 TANKS: u u u Only way to tell the difference between a IM 101 and 102 is the specification plate.4 psig (1.300 gallons.5 times MAWP.271.75 ( bar) ) to 100 psig (6.000 to 6. Copyright 2010 18 .1. 4 bar tank is most common See DOT 49 CFR 178.8 bar). MAWP of f 25. Tanks are tested at 1. and flammable liquids with flash points below 32 F (0 C). IM 101 (IMO Type 1) TANKS u TRANSPORTS BOTH HAZARDOUS AND NON-HAZARDOUS CARGO. Both the IM 101 and 102 tanks transport liquid materials at maximum allowable working pressures (MAWP) of up to 100 psig.270 to 178. corrosive. u u u u May contain toxic. Capacities range 5.

Intermodal Container Emergencies IM 101 (Type 1) Tank Containers IM 101 IM 101 IM 101 Copyright 2010 19 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Two Compartment IM 101 IM 102 (IMO Type 2) TANKS u TRANSPORTS BOTH HAZARDOUS AND NON-HAZARDOUS CARGO.000 to 6. Copyright 2010 20 . MAWP of 14.4 psig (1.0 bar) to 24.75 bar). insecticides. Also used for food grade non-regulated materials. t i l Capacities range 5. industrial solvents. tequila). and flammables with flash points 32 F (0 C) to 140 F (60 C).300 gallons. resins. pesticides. NON HAZARDOUS CARGO u u u u Contains alcohol (wine.7 psig (1. some corrosives.

Intermodal Container Emergencies IM 102 Spillbox Manhole Cover P/V Valves Airline Valve Copyright 2010 21 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Spill Box Drains Spill Box Pressure Relief Valves Drain to Ground Pressure / Vacuum Relief Valve Copyright 2010 22 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Pressure / Vacuum Relief Valve Top –Loading Valves Copyright 2010 23 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Foot Valve Butterfly Valve Copyright 2010 24 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Emergency Valve Handle Located on the right side when facing the discharge end Copyright 2010 25 .

There are some specialty p y containers built to Spec. NON HAZARDOUS CARGO u u u u Contains liquefied petroleum gas (propane and butane). Copyright 2010 26 . 51 (IMO TYPE 5) u TRANSPORTS BOTH HAZARDOUS AND NON-HAZARDOUS CARGO.Intermodal Container Emergencies Tank Heating – Steam / Electric DOT SPEC.000 gallons. MAWP of 100 psig to 500 psig.000 to 5. 51 standards used to ship high vapor pressure flammable liquids and liquid pyrophorics. Capacities range 4.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Spec. 51 / Type 5 Anhydrous Ammonia Copyright 2010 27 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Spec. 51 Propane Tank Pressure Relief Valve Vapor Line Liquid Line Spec. 51 / IMO Type 5 Liquid Line Vapor Line Copyright 2010 28 .

51 / IM 101 Combination Copyright 2010 29 . 51 / Type 5 Isopentane Spec.Intermodal Container Emergencies Spec.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Spec. 51 / IMO Type 5 Spec 51 / IMO Type 5 Copyright 2010 30 .

refrigerated IMO Type 7 Container Liquid Oxygen Copyright 2010 31 . u u u Contains cryogenic (very cold) materials such as refrigerated gases like argon.000 gallons.000 to 5. Capacities range 4. oxygen. Remember that cryogenics must remain refrigerated.Intermodal Container Emergencies IMO TYPE 7 u TRANSPORTS CRYOGENICS. and helium.

helium. Copyright 2010 32 . u Stores products oxygen.Intermodal Container Emergencies Type 7 Container Liquid Argon TUBE MODULES u HIGH PRESSURE 3T CYLINDERS. prod cts like o gen heli m and nitrogen as a gas.

Intermodal Container Emergencies TUBE MODULES TUBE MODULES Copyright 2010 33 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Pneumatic Hopper IM Roll-off Copyright 2010 34 .

40’ & 45’ Box Container Copyright 2010 35 .Intermodal Container Emergencies Flat Rack 20’.

Seal still in place Watch for trapped product ! Copyright 2010 36 .Intermodal Container Emergencies COMMON IM 101 and IM 102 EMERGENCIES u BOTTOM OUTLET LEAKS. Other Factors: Check for broken seal. expect product trapped between closed valve and end cap.but end cap still leaking product. LEAKS u u u Problem: Valve closed position. Solution: Tighten end cap clockwise.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Valves is in closed position Right to Tight Note: Double Valves Copyright 2010 37 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Threads on Discharge Valves BSP – British Standard Pipe NPT – National Pipe Thread Threads Adapters Copyright 2010 38 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies SPILL CONTROL TECHNIQUES “Control the spill first. then control the leak.” Tank Containers Are Built to High Standards They Can Take Lots of Battle Damage Damage to IM 101s from Train Derailments Copyright 2010 39 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Cutaway View of IM 101 (Type 1) Tank O Outer Sh Shell ll Insulation Stainless Steel Inner Shell EXAMPLES OF CONTAINER DAMAGE Outer Shell Rip Insulation No penetration of Inner shell Copyright 2010 40 .

Plug with wooden dowel or wedge. 3 IMPROVISED LEAK CONTROL DEVICES PROBLEM: Puncture in tank shell.Intermodal Container Emergencies IMPROVISED LEAK CONTROL DEVICES 1 2 PROBLEM: Hole in tank shell. SOLUTION: Cut away outer Shell and insulation. SOLUTION: Toggle bolt through Rubber ball with sealer. 1 2 3 Copyright 2010 41 .

” Retired Master Chief Cargo Segregation?? Copyright 2010 42 . then it ain’t stupid.Intermodal Container Emergencies “If it is stupid but works.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 43 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 44 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 45 .

Ain’t always what you get Shipping documents indicate: “White China Turpentine” Copyright 2010 46 ..Intermodal Container Emergencies What you see….

Intermodal Container Emergencies No bracing and no plywood y between layers No bungs Copyright 2010 47 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Fumigation Copyright 2010 48 .

It must be Chlorine Right specs. Right valves Something is wrong here! Copyright 2010 49 .Intermodal Container Emergencies Looks like Chlorine ? OK.

Intermodal Container Emergencies Chlorine is not a white powder ! It’s Coke !! Rover checks it out Rover confirms ! Copyright 2010 50 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies GMAA GMAA Copyright 2010 51 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 52 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Copyright 2010 53 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Hanjin Pennsylvania Copyright 2010 54 .

Intermodal Container Emergencies Hanjin Pennsylvania Copyright 2010 55 .

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