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Probability Spaces

© ORB Education Quality Teaching Resources
Visit http://www.orbedu.com for the other resources in this pack. MaP028 - PowerPoint Selection 2

Probability Spaces
This slide show will demonstrate how to draw a probability space and use it to calculate probabilities. The example will draw a probability space for a 6 sided and a 12 sided dice.

First we need a table
Probability Space

Now consider the 6 sided dice
Probability Space

6 Sided Dice

There are 6 possible outcomes
Probability Space

1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6

Now consider the 12 sided dice
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice

1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6

There are 12 possible outcomes
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Add the scores per combination
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1+1=2
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1+2=3
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

1+3=4
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

And so on …
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 13

10 11 12

… until the table is filled.
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 5 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 9 6 7 8 9 7 8 9 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12

10 11 12 13

10 11 12 13 14

10 11 12 13 14 15

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

What use is this?
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 6 Sided Dice 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 5 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 9 6 7 8 9 7 8 9 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12

10 11 12 13

10 11 12 13 14

10 11 12 13 14 15

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Consider the question below.
What is the probability of rolling the two dice and getting a total score of 2?
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 2 6 Sided Dice 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 5 6 7 8 9 3 6 7 8 9 4 7 8 9 5 8 9 6 9 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 12 10 11 12

10 11 12 13

10 11 12 13 14

10 11 12 13 14 15

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

There are 72 possible outcomes shown in this table. Only one of them results in a total of 2.

Consider the question below.
What is the probability of rolling the two dice and getting a total score of 2?
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 2 6 Sided Dice 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 5 6 7 8 9 3 6 7 8 9 4 7 8 9 5 8 9 6 9 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 12 10 11 12

So the probability is…

10 11 12 13

10 11 12 13 14

10 11 12 13 14 15

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

1 72

Now consider this question.
What is the probability of rolling the two dice and getting a total score of 8?
Probability Space
12 Sided Dice 1 1 2 6 Sided Dice 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 5 6 7 8 9 3 6 7 8 9 4 7 8 9 5 8 9 6 9 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 12 10 11 12

72 outcomes 6 of them result in a total of 8

10 11 12 13

10 11 12 13 14

10 11 12 13 14 15

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

8 1 = 72 9

PowerPoints
By S. Howarth
© ORB Education Quality Teaching Resources
Visit http://www.orbedu.com for the other resources in this pack. MaP028 - PowerPoint Selection 2