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# Software Verification

## PROGRAM NAME: ETABS 2013

REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE ACI318-08 Wall-001 - 1
EXAMPLE ACI318-08 Wall-001
P-M INTERACTION CHECK FOR WALL
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The Demand/Capacity ratio for a given axial loading and moment is tested in this
example.
A reinforced concrete wall is subjected to factored axial load P
u
= 735 k and
moments M
uy
= 1504 k-ft. This wall is reinforced with two #9 bars at each end
and #4 bars at 14.00 inches on center of each face. The total area of
reinforcement is 5.20 in
2
. The design capacity ratio is checked by hand
calculations and results are compared with ETABS 2013 program results.

Material Properties
E = 3600 k/in
2
= 0.2
G = 1500 k/in
2

Section Properties Design Properties
f
c
= 4 k/in
2
f
y
= 60 k/in
2

tb = 12 in
h = 60 in
As1= As5 = 2-#9 (2.00 in^2)
As2, As3, As4 = 2-#4 (0.40 in^2)

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE ACI318-08 Wall-001 - 2

TECHNICAL FEATURES OF ETABS 2013 TESTED
Concrete wall flexural Demand/Capacity ratio
RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are hand calculated and compared with ETABS 2013 design
check.
Output Parameter
ETABS
2013 Independent
Percent
Difference
Wall Demand/Capacity Ratio 1.007

1.00 0.70%
COMPUTER FILE: ACI 318-08 WALL-001
CONCLUSION
The ETABS 2013 results show an acceptable comparison with the independent
results.
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE ACI318-08 Wall-001 - 3
HAND CALCULATION
COLUMN STRENGTH UNDER COMPRESSION CONTROL

1) A value of e = 24.58 inch was determined using /
u u
e M P = where
u
M and
u
P were
taken from the ETABS 2013 test model. The values of
u
M and
u
P were large enough
to produce a flexural D/C ratio very close to or equal to one. The depth to the neutral
axis, c, was determined by iteration using an excel spreadsheet so that equations 1 and
2 below were equal.

2) From the equation of equilibrium:

= +
n c s
P C C T

where
' = = = 0.85 0.85 412 40.8
c c
C f ab a a
( ) ( ) ( )
' ' ' ' = + +
' '
1 1 2 2 3 3
0.85 0.85 0.85
s s c s c s c
C A f f A f f A f f
s4 s4 s5 s5
T = A f A f +
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
' ' ' ' ' ' = + + +
' '
1 1 1 2 2 1 1
3 3 4 4 5 5
40.8 0.85 0.85 0.85
0.85
n s C s c s c
s c s s s s
P a A f f A f f A f f
A f f A f A f
(Eqn. 1)

s5
:

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 1 2 3 4
1
3 2
2
n c s s s s
a
P C d C d d C s C s T s
e
(
| |
' = + +
| (
'
\ .

(Eqn. 2)

where ( )
1 1 1
0.85 ' ' =
s s c
C A f f ; ( ) 0.85 ' ' =
sn n sn c
C A f f ;
sn sn sn
T f A = ; and the bar strains
are determined below. The plastic centroid is at the center of the section and
"
d = 28
inch
24.54 28 52.55 e e d ' '' = + = + = inch.

4) Using c = 30.1 inch (from iteration),

= 0.85 30.1 = 25.58 a - inch

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE ACI318-08 Wall-001 - 4
5) Assuming the extreme fiber strain equals 0.003 and c= 30.1 inch, the steel stresses
and strains can be calculated. When the bar strain exceeds the yield strain, then
s y
f f = :
1
0.003
' | |
c =
|
\ .
s
c d
c
= 0.0028; = c s
s s y
f E F ;
1 s
f = 60.00 ksi
2
0.003
' | |
c =
|
\ .
s
c s d
c
= 0.0014
2 s
f = 40.75 ksi
3 5
2
s s
d c s
d c
| |
c = c
|

\ .
= 0.0000
3 s
f = 00.29 ksi
4 5 s s
d c s
d c
| |
c = c
|

\ .
= 0.0014
4 s
f = 40.20 ksi
5
0.003
s
d c
c
| |
c =
|
\ .
= 0.0028
5 s
f = 60.00 ksi

Substitute in Eqn. 1 and 2 and iterating the value of the neutral axis depth until the
two equations are equal gives,

=
n1
P 1035 k
=
n2
P 1035 k

n n
M Pe = = 1035(24.54) / 12 = 2116 k-ft

6) Determine if | is tension controlled or compression controlled.

= 0.00244 c
t
, = 0.0021 c
y

for 0.005
y t
c < c < ; ( )
0.005
0.005
t
t c
y
| |
c
| = | | =
|
|
c
\ .
0.712

7) Calculate | ,

( ) = 0.711 1035 735
n
P | = kips

( )
= 0.711 2115 1504
n
M | = k-ft.