Narrative Project

The World Wars 1910 - 1945

WW2: Jewish, Media

Anne Frank
• She was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on June 12, 1929 - March 1945. • For her 13th birthday she was given a ‘red and white checkered autograph album’ that she then used as a diary to write her infamous entries in during world war 2. • Anne and her family moved to Amsterdam in 1933; and by 1940 they could not leave the area due to being trapped by the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. • By 1942 Anne and her family tried to hide from the Nazis by living in hidden rooms in a building where her father worked. • 2 years later the family were caught and taken to concentration camps. • In 1947 Anne Franks diary was found and published after Otto Frank, the only survivor of the family, discovered it when returning to Amsterdam. In 1952 it was translated to English and titled ‘Diary of a Young Girl’.

Edicts and restrictions
• As the war began, in 1939, the government imposed restrictions on Jews living on Germany. • Jews were unable to enter certain areas in German cities. • They received less rations than anyone else.

• They could only purchase the food and supplies during specific hours and could only shop at certain stores. • They had to give up many valuables and belongings such as radios, cameras, electrical appliances, etc. To local officials. • By 1941 Jews were prohibited from using publish transport. • 1942, A new edict forced Jews over the age of 6 were forced to wear the Yellow Star of David at all times. • They were forced to live in designated areas in German cities, where they lived in ‘Jewish Houses’ . • All Jewish and Polish males who were fit to work were subjected to unpaid forced labor, ‘under brutal conditions’. • In 1943 German Jews were starting to get deported to either Theresienstadt or Auschwitz.

MEDIA News Reel
•A form of short documentary film which was played as short subjects before a main feature film in cinemas. • They were first created by Pathé Fréres of France in 1908. • They were a staple form of film in typical North American, British and Commonwealth countries (such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand), ‘up until television news broadcasting completely supplanted its role’

• They were often accompanied by cartoon shorts, and often used music only in the background.

The March of Time
• It began as a radio broadcast series which ran from 1931 to 1945. • It developed into a newsreel series shown in theatres from 1935 to 1951. • It was created by Fred Smith and Roy E Larson. • Orson Welles incorporated the March of Time’s techniques in his War of the worlds Radio drama.

Orson Welles’ War of the Worlds
• Was one episode in the American Radio drama anthology series ‘The Mercury Theatre on the Air’. • It was performed as a halloween episode in 1938, and ran for about 60 minutes. • It was directed and performed by Orson Welles, and was an adaptation of H.G. Welles’ novel of the same name, from 1898, a science fiction novel in which the earth is invaded by aliens. • The first 2 thirds were presented as news bulletins, making the broadcast appear genuine. • There was ‘widespread outrage’ by listeners as many believed the broadcast to be real and that earth really was being invaded.

British Propaganda During WW2 The MOI
• The ministry of information, uk (MOI) was a government department created at the end of WWI and again in WWII. It was located in the senate house at the university of London. • It was responsible for publicity an propaganda during the world wars. •Campaigns:-The Home front -production - salvage -fighting forces -personalities • The infamous ‘Keep Calm and Carry On’ slogan was made by MOI in1939.

Source
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005469

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