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AUDIO IN THE HEART OF THE NATIONS CAPITAL LIE LIVING MUSEUMS THAT BLOOM YEAR ROUND. -- VAST INDOOR AND OUTDOOR GREEN SPACES. THESE ARE THE GARDENS AT THE SMITHSONIAN --

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JANET DRAPER: I like plants weaving together and you k now playing off of each other ANNIE CECCARINI: We are planting 800 bulbs.
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THESE LIVING EXHIBITS ARE CREATED BY HIGHLY SPECIALIZED EXPERTS.


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WELL GO BEHIND THE SCENES TO SEE HOW THEY CARE FOR SOME OF THE COUNTRYS GREATEST GARDENS
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PAUL LINDELL: We usually are planning two years in advance.


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AND LEARN SECRETS FOR YOUR OWN HOME GARDENS. IN THE NEXT HALF HOUR, WE GET TIPS ON DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO GARDEN DESIGN AND PRUNING ROSES.
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JOIN US FOR AN EXPERT LOOK AT GARDEN BED DESIGN NEXT ON SMITHSONIAN CHANNELS GARDEN SECRETS.

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DESIGN IS THE FOUNDATION OF ALL GARDENS LARGE AND SMALL.

AT THE SMITHSONIAN GARDENS, THERE ARE BOTH FORMAL DESIGNS AND INFORMAL ONES. FORMAL GARDENS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY STRUCTURE STRAIGHT LINES AND CLIPPED HEDGES. INFORMAL GARDENS ARE MORE NATURAL AND RANDOM IN THEIR PLANTINGS.
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PAUL LINDELL: The Haupt garden is very very formal, The castle is pretty formal, and it kind of dictates that garden. Whereas the Ripley Garden, it has some elements of the English cottage garden.

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THESE GARDENS HOLD DESIGN SECRETS THAT ANY HOME GARDENER CAN IMPLEMENT. THE SMITHSONIANS MARY LIVINGSTON RIPLEY GARDEN IS AN EXQUISITE EXAMPLE OF AN INFORMAL DESIGN.

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JANET DRAPER: Its a small garden, but I must have about 3000 species in the garden. Which means theyre in cheek to jowel. IT BOASTS THE DENSEST COLLECTION OF PLANTS IN ALL OF THE SMITHSONIAN GARDENS. HORTICULTURIST JANET DRAPER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DESIGN OF THESE TIGHTLY CLUSTERED FLOWERBEDS

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THE DESIGN REFLECTS HER PHILOSOPHY ON GARDENING JANET DRAPER: My goal is to show people as many plants as I possibly can and to show the diversity of Mother Nature. My style is very informal. I like plants weaving together, and playing off of each other. JANET: I have asparagus roots which are over here in this bed here. Its normally used as a houseplant. Why not bring it out and put it in the garden? Why not mix that in with some tender other things? Like that euphorbia diamond front No rules. This garden is

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free for all.


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DESIGNING ANNUAL DISPLAYS IS CENTRAL TO THE WORK OF THE HORTICULTURISTS AT THE SMITHSONIAN.

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AND IT TAKES A LOT OF WORK TO BUILD A SUCCESSFUL FLOWERBED. THE RIPLEY GARDEN USES A COMBINATION OF ANNUAL PLANTS THAT NEED TO BE REPLACED EACH SEASON.. AND PERENNIAL PLANTS THAT COME BACK YEAR AFTER YEAR.

AND IT KEEPS JANET BUSY.


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TODAY, SHE GIVES THE FRONT OF HER GARDEN A MAKEOVER. AT THE SMITHSONIAN, ANNUAL PLANTINGS ARE SEASONAL.HH FLOWERBED PLANTINGS ARE CONSTANTLY CHANGING. JANET DRAPER: I just ripped out all the tropicals that were in this bed theyre not going to last through the winter anyway. And Im preparing the bed, getting ready for the Spring tulips to go in. JANET USES A ROTO TILLER TO BREAK UP AND AERATE THE SOIL. JANET: Basically, Im roto-tilling just to make it easier on me. Im going to put about 400 tulip bulbs in this bed.

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NEXT JANET PREPARES FOR AN INFORMAL BULB PLANTING USING A TECHNIQUE THAT HOME GARDENERS CAN APPLY AT HOME AS WELL. JANET: Im just scattering bulbs. I just throw them out and wherever they land, thats where Ill plant them. Much like mother nature does. So Ill get this random pattern in the spring. AS FOR PLANTING, THE NEXT STEP IS TO DECIDE HOW DEEP TO DIG THE HOLES FOR EACH BULB. THAT LARGELY DEPENDS ON WHETHER THE BULB IS HARDY

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OR TENDER.
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THE GENERAL RULE FOR HARDY BULBS, LIKE TULIPS, IS TO PLANT THEM AT A DEPTH OF TWO AND A HALF TO THREE TIMES THEIR LENGTH.

THE RIGHT DEPTH ENSURES THAT THE BULBS WILL SURVIVE WINTER IN THE GROUND AND REAPPEAR THE FOLLOWING YEAR. IF YOURE LIKE JANET, AND YOU PLAN ON REPLACING THE BULBS BEFORE WINTER ARRIVES, THEN YOU CAN PLANT THEM AT A SHALLOWER DEPTH.

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JANET: Tulips unless they are planted really deeply, they dont over winter the best. You need to plant them a little deeper than Im going to. If I were a home gardener, Id want them much deeper. Id want them about the depth of my knife. [music up] JANET: 400 tulip bulbs in under 10 minutes. Oh yea.

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AROUND THE CORNER FROM THE UNSTRUCTURED BEDS OF THE RIPLEY GARDEN IS THE FORMAL ENID A. HAUPT GARDEN. HERE, THE TEAM USES A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT APPROACH TO DESIGN.

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MICHAEL: Were going back in 8 inch increments. ANNIE: OK PRECISION IS KEY. MUCH THOUGHT AND PREPARATION IS INVOLVED IN EACH DESIGN. PLACEMENT OF PLANTS ARE MEASURED TO THE INCH.

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ITS A YEAR ROUND JOB. IN ONE CORNER OF THE HAUPT GARDEN IS THE

DOWNING URN.

HORTICULTURISTS ARE PREPARING FOR A NEW FALL ANNUAL PLANTING. BUT FIRST, THE TEAM MUST REMOVE THE CURRENT PLANT DISPLAY. AFTER THE FLOWERBED IS CLEARED, NEW LINES ARE LAID OUT. IN THIS CIRCULAR BED, THE NEW DESIGN RADIATES OUT FROM THE CENTER. ANNIE CECCARINI: We find the center first and we pace the lines out of that. THE TEAMS PLANT OF CHOICE FOR THE LINES IS THE DUSTY MILLER. THE SILVER COLOR OF THEIR FOLIAGE CONTRASTS WITH THE SURROUNDING BLUE VIOLAS AND YELLOW PANSIES, HIGHLIGHTING THE FLOWERBEDS DESIGN.

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THE URN ITSELF ADDS CHARACTER TO THE PLANTING... IT WAS DONATED TO THE SMITHSONIAN IN MEMORY OF ANDREW JACKSON DOWNING, A PROMINENT LANDSCAPE DESIGNER AND WRITER OF THE MID 1800S. PAUL LINDELL: The Downing Urn was actually a gift from Andrew Jackson Downings friends, and it was donated in 1856 in memory of him after his untimely death. It had been on the Mall, I think it was over at Natural History for awhile. OVER THE YEARS, ITS SET THE TONE FOR THIS FLOWERBED. SHELLEY GASKINS: Regardless of the planting that we do in this space, the fact that the urn is here lends an air of formality to anything that we do in this space. ANNIE: Particularly for the downing urn, the straight lines is really what gives this pattern structure.

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CREATING THE STRAIGHT LINES OF A FORMAL GARDEN MAY SEEM DAUNTING, BUT HOME GARDENERS CAN ACHIEVE THE LOOK WITH A FEW SIMPLE TOOLS. ANNIE: The lines are to make sure the design is as accurate as possible. We use stakes and string to connect the lines from the center point and then well spray paint along the lines. THIS TECHNIQUE ENSURES THE DUSTY MILLER ARE PLANTED IN PERFECTLY STRAIGHT ROWS.

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IN THE HAUPT GARDEN, REPETITION, FORM BALANCE AND UNITY ARE KEY TO ITS BEAUTY. THERE IS NO RIGHT CHOICE BETWEEN FORMAL OR INFORMAL DESIGN, BUT THERE ARE GENERAL PRINCIPALS EVERY GARDENER NEEDS TO UNDERSTAND TO SUCCEED.

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OVER THE YEARS, OUR SMITHSONIAN TEAM HAS DEVELOPED INSIGHTS THAT CAN BE VALUABLE TO VISITORS OF THE GARDEN AND HOME GARDENERS EVERYWHERE TODAY, OUR SMITHSONIAN EXPERTS GATHER TO SHARE THEIR SECRETS WITH A HOME GARDENER WHO NEEDS HELP WITH HER FLOWERBED.

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SHOSANA: Hi my name is SHOSANA Rosenbaum and this is my garden and I have a question for the Smithsonian. SHOSANAS GARDEN SITS IN FRONT OF HER HOME, RIGHT OFF OF A MAIN THOROUGHFARE IN NORTHWEST WASHINGTON D.C., SHOSANA: Our house is about 20 feet from the road and theres no lawn. Theres just the garden beds and then the sidewalk. IN HER GARDEN ARE A VARIETY OF FLOWERING PLANTS THAT FLOURISHED IN THE SUMMER. SHOSANA: We really enjoyed having this riot of color so wed like to continue that cause right now its looking pretty bedraggled. SHOSANA: This is cleome or spider plant. We didnt

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plant it. It just showed up. Theyre really pretty, but I would like to know what to do with them. Because as you can see theyre kinda falling over.
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SHOSANA: These are the zinnias, they looked beautiful over the summer. I cut most of them back but Im not sure if I should pull them out at this point. SHOSANA: Back here there is some dead space. There were more flowers in the summer but it hasnt been as filled in as the front. And ideally the taller stuff would be back here. And the lower stuff in the front. SHOSANA: Wed love to have it looking healthy and nice all year. Wed like to know, what to take out and what to put in right now. SHOSANA: This is my question for the Smithsonian, how should I maintain my garden as the season changes and what should I do now to prepare for the spring? THE ANNUALS THAT ARE GROWING IN SHOHANNAS GARDEN ARENT LIKELY TO SURVIVE THE WINTER. SO AS HER GARDEN APPROACHES THE END OF THE FALL, JANET OFFERS A SIMPLE SOLUTION

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JANET: Its all annuals, so basically its easy, because its a clean slate. Everything can go JANET: First, of all, if theres anything she sees that she really wants to save, like the cleome, if she wants it in a certain place next year, she can harvest the seed. So if she wants the cleome in the back, she can plant the seeds in the back of the bed. JEFF NAGLE: After she takes her seed, she should definitely just clean up her garden. JEFF: she would go in and literally remove the whole plant, from the top all the way to whats in the soil, down to the roots so. Pull everything out.

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JANET: And then start adding some bones and some structure. TO DO THIS, THE TEAM SUGGESTS THAT SHOSANA ANCHOR ONE CORNER WITH SOME EVERGREENS.

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RICK SHILLING: I like sky pencil which is a very upright, it stays very narrow, shes dealing with a small space, so if she wants something that is not going to outgrow that space TO ADDRESS HER NEED FOR COLOR, THE TEAM HAS A FEW THOUGHTS ANNIE: If SHOSANA wants color in the fall, through the winter, I would definitely suggest planting pansies, And then, if she wants additional color, I would suggest planting bulbs as well. SHELLEY: She seems to be resigned to the fact that it doesnt look good in the winter. And she doesnt need to be resigned to that. She can have a fourseason garden. BUILDING A GARDEN THAT IS IN BLOOM FOR ALL FOUR SEASONS TAKES A LOT OF WORK AND PLANNING. BECAUSE SHOSANAS GARDEN IS SO DIVERSE, SHE HAS MANY OF THE SAME CHALLENGES AS JANET IN THE RIPLEY GARDEN. AFTER A NEW PLANT IS ADDED TO A GARDEN, THE WORK IS ONLY JUST BEGINNING. PLANTS NEED CONSTANT MAINTENANCE AND ITS HELPFUL TO KNOW SOME GOOD TECHNIQUES.

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JANET: The challenges of having such diversity, is just maintenance. Because I only have one of this and three of this and four of that. And each one requires different things. JANET: Theres this Dahlia thats in there that Im going to stake up because it needs a little help. Lets stake up this Dahlia, its definitely drooping. And we all need some support now and then.

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JANET SHARES HER SECRETS ON HOW TO STAKE TALL PLANTS. JANET: So Im going to use this very thin thread. Just tie it up together and sometimes you dont even need a stake. I will tie this up. And theres no reason why you cant rely on the other plants. To prop things up.

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You probably dont even see the stake. Instead you see the flower and the beauty of the plant. Thats my goal.

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JANETS GARDEN INCLUDES MANY SPECIES IN ITS FLOWERBEDS THAT CAN HELP TO SPRUCE UP ANY HOME GARDEN. DECIDING WHAT GOES INTO YOUR FLOWER GARDEN IS A BIG DECISION. FOR THOSE LOOKING FOR GUIDANCE, HERE ARE A FEW FALL BEAUTIES. PERENNIAL FLOWERING PLANTS THAT CAN BRING LIFE TO YOUR GARDEN: TATARIAN ASTER IS A TALL PERENNIAL SPECIES THAT BLOOMS IN SPRING AND LOOKS FRESH UNTIL THE FIRST FROST. MEXICAN BUSH SAGE IS A BUSHY PERENNIAL WITH PURPLE BLOOMS. IT GROWS IN A LOOSE, SPREADING MOUND UP TO 2-4 FT TALL THE TOAD LILY

- THIS PERENNIAL FLOWERS IN LATE SUMMER OR EARLY FALL. ITS KNOWN FOR ITS SPECKLED BLOOMS.

THE HARDY CHRYSANTHEMUM, IS AN EASY TO GROW PERENNIAL CHRYSANTHEMUM WITH SALMON-PINK DAISY LIKE FLOWERS.

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THOUGH THERE ARE CLEAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A FORMAL AND INFORMAL GARDEN IT IS POSSIBLE TO MIX THE TWO IN ONE DESIGN. JANET: Ok darling, ready for a job today. IN THE RIPLEY GARDEN, ONE GARDEN BED GETS SOME STRUCTURE FROM SOME TALL SKY PENCIL HOLLIES..JANET IS RE-DESIGNING THIS BED. JANET: This really is a focal point. And without something in front of these sky pencil hollies its a little bare. So were adding a little bling for the winter. TODAY, HER TEAM PLANTS PANSIES AND HYACINTHS. IN THE END, YOU HAVE A STRUCTURED DESIGN IN THIS INFORMAL GARDEN. JANET: Even within a mlange such as this you can have formality. I could have a formal edge on this border. Like an evergreen boxwood, and inside that planted bed have it wild and crazy. AS JANET IS CONSIDERING USING A BOXWOOD BORDER. HORTICULTURIST RICK SHILLING IS TRIMMING HIS BOXWOOD HEDGE IN THE FREER COURTYARD A CLASSIC FORMAL GARDEN. RICK SHILLING: This is the Freer Courtyard, and behind me is a hedge of Japanese boxwood, that weve shaped into a braided rope. This is a classic environment where people might use a boxwood to create a hedge. [CUT LINE?? REDUNDANT.] I think boxwood have a certain elegance to them, THIS BRAIDED HEDGE IS ACTUALLY MADE FROM TWENTY-SIX SEPARATE BOXWOOD SHRUBS LINED UP SIDE BY SIDE. WITH CAREFUL PRUNING FROM RICK, THEY GROW INTO EACH OTHER. RICK PRUNES THESE BUSHES TWO TO THREE TIMES A YEAR TO KEEP THEM IN SHAPE.

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RICK SHILLING: I eyeball it, I do every other one, and then stand back and look at it see if I have to shape it up or down in one direction

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RICK SHILLING: Eventually, you know the plant it matures, but its going to want to continue to grow you have an optimal size and then it continues beyond that point. And then you will probably lose some of the health and vigor of the plant because youre stunting its growth. Down the road, were probably going to replace them. FOR NOW, THIS BOXWOOD HEDGE IS DOING JUST FINE. BUT NOT ALL BOXWOODS ARE THE SAME.

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THEY COME IN ALL SHAPES AND SIZES. KNOWING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SPECIFIC VARIETIES AND SPECIES BECOMES IMPORTANT.
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RICK SHILLING: Theres a lot of different plants available, but dont go into a nursery and just ask for a boxwood. Have a general idea of what you want to train them into before you even go there. This is an American Boxwood. It can be 10, 12 feet tall. So you dont want to use this particular plant and manipulate it into a small hedge. You could for a few years, but eventually it will probably win.

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CONTROLLING A PLANTS NATURAL TENDANCIES IS NO EASY TASK..BUT THE SMITHSONIAN EXPERTS MAY HAVE HELPFUL INSIGHTS FOR HOME GARDENERS. BACK AT THE GREENHOUSE, HORTICULTURISTS GATHER TO HELP OUT ANOTHER GARDENER, WHO IS HAVING TROUBLE CONTROLLING HER PLANTS. JEEN MARIE: Hi My name is Jeen Marie welcome to my mature garden. And I have a question for the Smithsonian. JEEN MARIE MOVED INTO THIS HOME WITH HER HUSBAND 5 MONTHS AGO. ALONG WITH IT CAME A MATURE GARDEN WITH WELL ESTABLISHED PLANTS. JEEN MARIE: Everything is overgrown and I need help with trying to establish plants and figure out what to keep, what to get rid of, and how to maintain this wonderful space. JEEN MARIE: Our goal for this area up here is to

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create more of a barrier from the street and also to create more of a flower garden.
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BUT THE EXISTING PLANTS HERE NEED A LITTLE HELP JEEN MARIE: Over here we have the ivy that is growing out of control. Its come from the top all the way down. And Im not sure how to contend with it. JEEN MARIE: Over here, theres a big empty dead space. Im wondering what to plant here some tall flowering bushes would be nice to help with the privacy and the sound barrier THEN THERE IS HER ROSEBUSH. JEEN MARIE: This is one of the mature plants. Im not sure if we should trim the rose bush, or if I should move it. JEEN MARIE: Im looking for something that would give the garden character and kinda go with the character of the older home. JEEN MARIE: So my question for the Smithsonian is I have a mature garden that needs lots of help. Do you have any advice? JANET: Its an older established garden thats been overgrown for a while. Yea.

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JANET: what she is calling ivy, I dont think it is. I think its vinca major, VINCA MAJOR ALSO KNOWN AS LARGE PERIWINKLE CAN BE A GOOD OPTION FOR SOMEONE WHO NEEDS A LOW MAINTENANCE PLANT TO COVER A LARGE AREA. BUT FOR JEEN MARIE, IT IS ENCROACHING ON HER FLOWERBED SPACE.

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SHELLEY: I would try first, pulling it JANET: environmentally, thats better. SHELLEY: and if that doesnt work, you consider your other options.

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NEXT THE TEAM ANALYZES THE ROSE BUSH. SHELLEY: It does appear that it has black spot. A lot of the older cultivars, this is an established garden, but it does appear to have black spot. Black spot is a fungus and it will defoliate the plant. THE TEAM AGREES THAT JEEN MARIES ROSE BUSH IS AN OLDER INFERIOR CULTIVAR, PRONE TO DISEASES THAT CAN SPREAD THROUGHOUT HER ENTIRE GARDEN. SO THEY SUGGEST REMOVING IT AND REPLACING IT WITH A STRONGER VARIETY. SHELLEY: Jean Marie should think about planting disease resistant roses like knock out, SHELLEY: She talked about having a barrier between the street and her yard and the flower garden. And you know, what makes a better barrier than a thorny bush. TO CREATE A BARRIER, THE TEAM HAS A SUGGESTION ON PLACEMENT ANNIE: Our first recommendation is for Jeen Marie to measure the bed space. Say her space is 20 feet long. She wants to plant the roses 4 feet apart, she has five roses, that would work out for her. JEFF: In the Haupt garden, we have certain areas that need to have perfectly straight lines. Depending on what Jeen Marie wants, she can go that route. Basically, we use two stakes and we put a string between them, put a stake in the ground and run the string line down. And then you have a straight line.

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GROWING HEALTHY ROSES CAN BE A CHALLENGE FOR THE HOME GARDENER. BUT WITH PROPER PLANNING AND CARE, FROM PLANT SELECTION TO PRUNING, HOME GARDENERS CAN ENJOY BEAUTIFUL ROSE BUSHES.

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AT THE KATHERINE DULIN FOLGER ROSE GARDEN, THE HORTICULTURISTS HAVE SELECTED HYBRID ROSES THAT ARE IN BLOOM MOST OF THE YEAR. HYBRID ROSES ARE BRED TO CONTROL CERTAIN QUALITIES OF A PLANT, LIKE THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF ITS BLOOMS.

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HERE, SHELLEY GASKINS GIVES CONSTANT CARE TO APPROXIMATELY 200 ROSE BUSHES, WHCH INCLUDES A LOT OF CAREFUL PRUNING. PRUNING IS THE SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE PLANT. THE GOAL OF PRUNING ROSE BUSHES IS TO ENCOURAGE THEM TO GROW INTO AN OPTIMAL SHAPE FOR PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF DISEASE, AS WELL AS TO CONTROL EACH PLANTS SIZE AND APPEARANCE. WHEN LEFT UN-PRUNED, AS WEVE SEEN IN JEEN MARIES GARDEN, ROSE BUSHES ARE MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO MANY VIRUSES THAT CAN SPREAD FROM ONE PLANT TO ANOTHER. SHELLEYS PRUNING TECHNIQUES ARE THE KEY TO KEEPING THE ROSES HEALTHY AND VIBRANT.

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SHELLEY: The idea is that you are going to make the plant grow in this direction. Away from the center of the plant versus, having growth go this way TO DO THAT REQUIRES PRECISION IN KNOWING WHERE TO CUT.

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SHELLEY: You want to go down to a leaf with five leaflets. Up at the top you just have three and you go on down and you have five. ONCE SHELLEY IDENTIFIES THIS POINT ON THE STEM, SHE MAKES THE CUT ABOUT A QUARTER OF AN INCH ABOVE AN OUTSIDE BUD This is key because if you prune to an inside bud, your new growth will go towards the center of the plant. And you want to open up the center of the plant to allow for light penetration and air circulation.

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ANOTHER OF HER BASIC PRACTICES IS KEEPING PRUNING TOOLS GERM FREE. SHELLEY. So what you want to do is keep your pruners clean, just use a cup of alcohol and I dip my pruners in it. Its a good garden sanitation practice. WITH SHELLYS CARE, THE ROSES HERE STAY HEALTHY MOST OF THE YEAR. ROSES CAN BE A WONDERFUL ADDITION TO ANY PERENNIAL GARDEN. FOLLOWING ARE A FEW MORE TIPS FROM OUR SMITHSONIAN EXPERTS THAT WILL HELP YOUR ROSE GARDEN FLOURISH. SELECT A SITE FOR THE ROSE GARDEN THAT RECEIVES AT LEAST 6 HOURS OF DIRECT SUNLIGHT EACH DAY. ALLOW SPACE BETWEEN EVERY ROSE BUSH FOR GOOD AIR CIRCULATION. GOOD CIRCULATION LIMITS THE CONDITIONS THAT PROMOTE DISEASE. GIVE ROSE BUSHES A LIGHT PRUNING IN JANUARY AND A MORE (THOROUGH) HARDER PRUNING IN MARCH. AND REMOVE DEAD FLOWERS WEEKLY.

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THE SMITHSONIAN HORTICULTURE TEAM HAS WEIGHED IN ON OUR HOME GARDENERS VIDEO QUESTIONS. >>> NOW, ITS UP TO SHOSANA AND JEEN MARIE FIX UP THEIR GARDENS. SHOSANAS GOAL IS TO BUILD COLOR AND INTEREST IN HER GARDEN DURING THE WINTER WHILE PLANNING AHEAD FOR THE SPRING..SHE BEGINS BY HARVESTING SEEDS FROM SOME OF HER FAVORITE FLOWERING PLANTS. BECAUSE SHE WANTS TO GET THE TALLER PLANTS IN THE BACK OF HER GARDEN, SHE GATHERS THE SEEDPODS OF THE CLEOME PLANT. NEXT, AS THE SMITHSONIAN SUGGESTED, SHE REMOVES ALL PLANT MATERIAL AND CLEARS OUT HER

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FLOWERBED. THEN SHE PLANS FOR THE SPRING.


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SHOSANA: Thanks to the suggestions of the Smithsonian, I want to look ahead and plant these bulbs now in the fall so that they will come up and well have color in the spring. I thought Id just throw them out to get a random affect. I want to have a more natural look. SHOSANA: So I have a bulb here and here, so Ill put a pansy here. THEN SHOSANA BEGINS WORKING ON THE BACK CORNER OF HER GARDEN. SHOSANA: These are called sky pencils. We have two of them. I think were just going to put two of them side by side.

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SHOSANA: I think the insights weve gained from this are that you can keep adding things to your garden all year and that you can plan ahead for whats going to happen in the spring. SHOSANA: So it will be exciting to see how the garden changes in the spring with the Smithsonians help. OVER AT JEEN MARIES PLACE SHE STARTS WORK ON HER FLOWERBED. FIRST, SHE TACKLES THE OVERGROWN GROUNDCOVER. JEEN MARIE: Its a little stubborn. Were going to try our best to keep it from overtaking our garden. Slowly but surely well cut away and get it pulled up.

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ONCE THE FLOWERBED IS CLEARED, SHE DEALS WITH THE ROSE BUSH. JEEN MARIE: We are going to take it out of the garden because it will affect other plants. Im just trimming it now to make an easier disposal. AFTER DIGGING OUT THE ROSE BUSH, JEEN MARIE PREPARES TO PLANT THE KNOCK OUT ROSE.

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SHE USES STAKES AND STRING TO CREATE A STRAIGHT ROW FOR HER NEW BUSHES.
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JEEN MARIE: Im going to go ahead and plant these five disease resistant rose bushes. Along the line. I have them spaced out 4 feet. And Im going to start with this one right here. SHE HOPES THEY WILL HELP CREATE A BARRIER TO THE STREET NEARBY. JEEN MARIE: The rose bushes are sturdy plants and they will grow about four feet tall so they will address my issue with the street noise and traffic. JEEN MARIE: Im excited today because this is a step in the right direction. And Im one step closer to having my beautiful flower garden that I hope to have this spring. And I cant wait for my rose bushes to start blooming. BACK AT THE RIPLEY GARDEN, JANET IS PLEASED WITH HER GARDEN MAKEOVER. THE GARDEN HAS A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT LOOK, WITH COLORFUL PLANTS LOW TO THE GROUND. JANET: Gardening is a tremendous amount of work. But the end result, I mean, I can look around and see what I do. It really is a lot of fun and its very much worth it. ANNIE: Its one of those types of jobs, you see the fruit of your labor. People come out of their offices and say how much they love your work and that in itself is an incredible feeling. AS MICHAELS TEAM PUTS THE FINISHING TOUCHES ON THE DOWNING URN PLANTING, WE SEE ANOTHER SEASON WIND DOWN AT THE SMITHSONIAN GARDENS. BUT WITH EACH CHANGING SEASON, OUR SMITHSONIAN HORTICULTURE TEAM LOOK FORWARD TO A NEW SET OF CHALLENGES. AND THEY ARE READY TO SHARE THEIR GARDEN SECRETS. END

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