POTPOURRI PRELIMS

ETYMO 1. This term evolved from the Arabic al zahr, which means the dice. In Western Europe the term came to be associated with a number of games using dice, which were learned during the Crusades whilst in the Holy Land. The term eventually took on its present connotation because, from very early on, games using dice were associated with the risky business of gambling and con artists using corrupted dice. 2. During Hernando Cortes’ conquest of the Aztec empire, his men discovered the X plant and dubbed it _____, literally “little pod” or “little sheath,” from the Latin vagina, “sheath.” The conquistadors drew the name from the shape of the plants’ bodies, which need to be split open in order to extract the beans they enclose—still a bit of a stretch as they more closely resemble tough, dark string beans. Funny enough, the ‘70s slang sense of X as “conventional” or “of ordinary sexual preferences” has nothing to do with its original etymology. 3. This word is an example of eponymy, or naming a concept after a person associated with that concept. In this case the person is a fictional character, one Signor ____, a character in the movie La Dolce Vita by Federico Fellini (b. 1920), in the 1960s. In the movie, ______ was a street photographer. The name was apparently taken from the dialectal Italian word ____, a kind of buzzing insect. X became a household word after the tragic death of Princess Diana while she was being pursued by X in Paris. 4. Xs were sought because they were believed to have the power of a universal antidote against any poison. It was believed that a drinking glass which contained a X would neutralize any poison poured into it. The word "X" comes from the Persian pād-zahr, which literally means "antidote". The Andalusian Muslim physician Ibn Zuhr (d. 1161), known in the West as ______ is thought to have made the earliest description of X stones as medicinal items. 5. A place or situation referred to as X (or in X) is usually a mess, but it is no longer always the bloody mess it once was. The history of the word begins innocently enough with the Latin word scamnum, "a stool or bench serving as a seat, step, or support for the feet, for example." The diminutive scamillum, "low stool," was borrowed by speakers of Old English as sceamol, "stool, bench, table." Old English sceamol became Middle English ____, which developed the specific sense in the singular and plural of "a place where meat is butchered and sold." The Middle English compound ___house meant "slaughterhouse," a sense that the plural X developed (first recorded in 1548) along with the figurative sense "a place or scene of bloodshed" (first recorded in 1593). Our current, more generalized meaning, "a scene or condition of disorder," is first recorded in 1926.

The singular proximal demonstrative pronoun exists as the militarily pre-eminent city state of its time known for its phalanx. fertile areas of the Iberian peninsula. Vast. flat. 4. .WORD SEARCH GRE-ization 1. 3. which are conducive to habitation. have a statistically more significant chance of being located at the confluence of critical levels of moisture and upward air currents. 2.

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