Serial No.

F—DTN—M—QVBA

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Paper—I Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 300)

INSTRUCTIONS Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English. Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificate issued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answers written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate. Candidates should attempt Questions no. 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. The number of marks carried by each part of a question is indicated against each. Important : Whenever a Question is being attempted, all its parts/sub-parts must be attempted contiguously. This means that before moving on to the next Question to be attempted, candidates must finish attempting all parts/ sub-pans of the previous Question attempted. This is to be strictly followed. Pages left blank in the answer-book are to be clearly struck out in ink. Any answers that follow pages left blank may not be given credit.

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(e) 'Policy judgements comprise reality judgements.SECTION—A 1.' Comment. (d) Leadership is the 'influential increment over and above mechanical compliance with the routine directives of the organization' [Katz and Kahn].. Analyze. Elucidate. Discuss. (b) `In the canonization of this abstract idea of `Staatsraison' are inseparably woven the sure instincts of the bureaucracy for the conditions which preserve its own power in the State' [Weber]. Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words each :— 12x5=60 (a) 'On a more sophisticated plane public choice is concerned with "Pareto optimality". in different subparts of the same organization may be different' [Edgar Schein]. Explain. value judgements and instrumental judgements' [Geoffrey Vickers]. or at least with "Pareto improvements". 2 ** .. (c) 'Man's motives .

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' Elucidate.2. 20 4 ** . sattsficing. 15 (a) 'Three features characterize Simon's original view of bounded rationality : search for alternatives. (a) Flow would you trace the development of Public Administration in terms of different paradigms from the politics/administration dichotomy of 1900-1926 to the rise of Public Administration as Public Administration after the formation of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) in the USA in 1970 ? 30 (b) (i) In what respects is Taylor's 'Scientific Management' or classical motivational theory different from the classical organizational theory expounded by Gulick. Urwick etc ? 15 (ii) What light does Antonio Gramsci's critique of Taylorism throw on its socio-psychological underpinnings ? 3. and aspiration adaptation.

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30 6 ** . but `governments are not hesitant about destroying records — very deliberately — in order to prevent investigations. as well as to generally weaken accountability'. such as its structure. Do you think that in this situation right to information can go to the extent of demanding complete declassification and `de-archivization' of government records ? Argue.(b) (i) 'The essence of the contingency theory paradigm is that organizational effectiveness results from fitting characteristics of the organization. the hallmark of a democratic government'. also show where and how this 'fitting' differs essentially from the `coping' with `stress' from the environment emphasized by the systems theory of organization. to contingencies that reflect the situation of the organization. 20 (ii) In the light of your discussion on 3(b) (i) above...' Give your reactions to this statement. 20 4. (a) 'Open access to government records is .

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(b) 'The anti-development thesis . and diffracted is built around the concept of differentiation. 15 (c) Comment on the role of Civil Society in facilitating administrative accountability with special reference to the `Janlokpar issue in India.. development can be empowering. (c) The 'selection model of recruitment rests on the assumption that the primary needs to be met are those of the organization. but 'fails to take account of the fact that for all its faults. prismatic.(b) Should media exposure be included in rules for administrative accountability in India ? State your views.' Analyze. SECTION—B 5. impervious to change'. 8 ** . Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words each :— 12x5=60 15 (a) `Riggs's classification of societies into fused..' Discuss.' Examine. reduces development to an idea without history.

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(a) Do you think that there is an unresolved and often overlooked tension in Dicey's concept of rule of law. Comment. 6. The cards in this world are stacked against things happening' [Pressman and Wildaysky]. (c) 'Those who budget. at best. they will take considerable time to get started.(d) Our normal expectation should be that new programs will fail to get off the ground and that. considering that the other principle of parliamentary sovereignty in English constitutional system runs counter to it ? 20 (b) Would you agree that the strong Rechsstaat version of the rule of law found on the Continent never existed in England because of its particular history ? 20 (c) Why is le droit administratif regarded alongside the Napoleonic Code as the most notable achievement of French legal science ? 20 ** 10 . Explain. deal with their overwhelming burdens by adopting heuristic aids to calculation' [Wildaysky].

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(a) Comment on the reasons why universal theory remains elusive in comparative public administration. non-decisions are also part of policy ? Give reasons for your answer. 20 8. 20 (b) Given the importance of the issue of sex equality in development do you think the self-help group movement adequately addresses absence of women in the former mainstream development agenda ? 20 (c) Would you agree with Bachrach and Baratz that along with decisions. 15 (ii) Trace the background and development of PERT and enumerate the steps involved in the application of PERT. 15 (iii) Draw a simple PERT chart for a seminar planning project. 12 ** 15 . (a) (i) 'Relations are the building blocks of network analysis' — In the light of this statement summarize the form and content of relations in 'network analysis'.7.

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15 14 ** .(b) 'The apparent demise of e-Government and e-Business as the main organizing principles of society has created the conditions for the rise of e-Governance from the ashes' — In the context of the above statement show the distinctions between e-Government and e-Governance.

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