The LEP Special Tabulation

of Census 2000 Data on Limited English Proficient Adults

U.S. Department of Labor
Employment & Training Administration The Department of Labor has sponsored a special tabulation of Census data on Limited English proficient (LEP) populations as a resource for planning employment and training services. Information is broken out for 39 Census languages and language clusters, and the tabulations are designed to match the service areas of states and local Workforce Investment Areas. Each state and local Workforce Investment Area (LWIA) has a separate Excel workbook file containing six worksheets or pages. In addition to this Introduction page, there are a Glossary, a Quick Reference Guide, and three large tables: Table 1: Total Population (the number of people in the state or LWIA age 5 and older who speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported measure of how well they speak English.) Table 2: Adults (the number of adults in the state or LWIA age 18 and older who speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported measure of how well they speak English.) Table 3: Characteristics (a socio-economic profile of the population that reports speaking English "not very well" or "not at all" with their employment status, occupation, income, earnings and other labor market characteristics.)

Where the Data Come From
Source data for the tabulations comes from a 1-in-6 sample of U.S. households contacted for the 2000 Census - - the same source used for many tables available through American FactFinder (http://factfinder.census.gov). The tables presented here were designed by DOL specifically with the workforce investment system in mind, and are not available through FactFinder. If you would like to check on the way your service area was defined for these tables, open "LWIA Definitions.xls" on the LEP Data Disk CD, or go to www.doleta.gov/usworkforce/lep/census.

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What the Data Tables Contain
· Tables 1 and 2 are estimates of the numbers of LEP people within the service area. They display the number and percentage of people within each language group who can speak English at four levels of ability, ranging from "very well" to "not at all." Understanding the entire range of language ability can be helpful in service planning, and it allows users to define their own cut-off points for limited English proficiency if needed. (For example, for some purposes, it may be useful to know the number of residents who speak English less than well.) There is also an estimate across all non-English languages, and an estimate of the population that speaks only English at home. Tables 1 and 2 are identical in layout: Table 1 includes the entire population age 5 and above, while Table 2 is limited to the population age 18 and above, who may be eligible for WIA services to Adults. · Table 3 takes a closer look at the social and economic characteristics of people who speak a language other than English at home and whose English proficiency is limited to speaking English "not well" or "not at all." Foreign language speakers who speak English "well" or "very well" are not represented in Table 3. Output covers the same 39 languages or language clusters that appear in Tables 1 and 2, plus a summary across all non-English languages. For purposes of comparison, there is also a column that shows the characteristics of residents who speak only English at home. Most measures refer to the population age 18 and over.

Some Practical Tips for Using the Excel file
Viewing a different table or page of this file: to navigate between tables or pages, just click on the gray tabs that appear near the bottom of your screen. Viewing the tables on-screen: Use the arrow keys, PageUp/ PageDown keys, and scroll bars to move to different parts of the table. The Zoom feature in the top menu bar (very much like Word's) allows you to reduce or enlarge the view. You can also hold the table headings in view while you move around in the table. Position the cursor at the 'corner' of the top and left-hand labels (cell B7 in Tables 1 and 2, cell B10 in Table 3), and click on Window > Freeze panes in the top menu. Printing: The files are set up to print in landscape format, with column and row headings reproduced on each page. To print just one table, go to that table's worksheet and select File > Print > OK. To print the entire workbook (all tables, plus the Introduction, Quick Reference, and Glossary sheets), check 'Entire workbook' in the lower-left of the print dialogue box. Tables 1 and 2 should print out onto two pages, and Table 3 onto 18 pages. However, Excel files may print differently on different printers, and unnecessary pages can sometimes be generated. To avoid this, select File > Print preview

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and check for nearly-blank pages. They can usually be eliminated by selecting File > Page setup > Page, and adjusting the scaling to 95% or 90% of normal size. For More Advanced Users: The tables are active Excel spreadsheets. The contents can be reformatted, and new worksheets can be created that analyze the data in different ways -- for example, by regrouping languages or creating new percentage measures.

Identifiers and Missing LWIAs
LWIA Identifiers. All tables show the state, and an LWIA name and number in the Heading information. Although it will usually be easy to identify your LWIA, some recent name changes may not be reflected in these listings. The LWIA number is the organization's official identifier in the DOL WIASRD database. In a few cases (mostly new LWIAs) the correct number could not be determined, and the LWIA was assigned a 'dummy' number ending in 99. The LWIA name and number can easily be changed before printing. LWIAs with statewide service areas (including District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the multi-state Navajo Nation service area) should use the state-level tabulations. Output for some LWIAs was censored because of insufficient population size. In all its published output, Census applies very strict rules to protect the confidentiality of individuals and families. The Census Disclosure Review Board scrutinized the LEP special tabulation very closely because of its very detailed breakout of small language groups, and in some cases determined that the population of an LWIA service area was too small to allow results to be published. Tabulations for 31 LWIAs were censored because of confidentiality concerns. In the ten states where this occurred, data for all censored service areas within the state were grouped together and presented under the title 'Balance of State.' A list of affected LWIAs appears at the end of these instructions.

Limitations of the Data
Like all data sources, the LEP special tabulation has limitations to keep in mind: · It refers to a single point in time (February 2000). The characteristics of the population may have changed since then. · Although the base sample is very large, it is still a sample and subject to a degree of statistical error. In most cases the Census Bureau has also rounded population counts to the nearest 0 or 5. · In some areas of the country, it is likely that recent immigrants were undercounted in the 2000 Census, leading to under-estimates of the LEP population.

LEP Special Tabulation

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· The crucial measure for defining LEP -- Ability to speak English -- is based on self-report, or on an answer given by another member of the household. · In some cases there may have been errors in reporting the type of language spoken at home, as the names used by speakers of a language to identify it may reflect ethnic, geographic, or political factors rather than true linguistic distinctions. Technical documentation for the source data in these tables (including definitions of terms and guidelines for calculating standard errors and confidence intervals) can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical documentation, available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf. The Glossary worksheet that comes with the tables also provides helpful definitions of terms.
LWIAs Which Could Not Be Tabulated Separately Due To Small Population Size
State Arizona Name Apache County Graham County Greenlee County Navajo County Nineteen Tribal Nations WIA Santa Cruz County Mendocino County Richmond (city) San Benito County Big Ten Counties Northeast Colorado Northwest Region South Central Region Southeast Region Southwest Region Upper Arkansas Region Western Region Florida Crown - Region 7 County of Kauai Vermilion County Iowa Valley Community College, Region 6 NW Iowa Planning; Regions 3 NW Iowa Region 4 Region XII COG; Region 8 WIA Matura Action Corporation, Region 14 Duluth (city) Northwest Minnesota Winona County Sullivan County Tompkins County Northwest Oklahoma LWIA 4060 4015 4020 4075 4090 4040 6235 6055 6225 8045 8045 8045 8045 8045 8045 8045 12230 15020 17090 19030 19100 19110 19155 19150 27005 27045 27080 36140 36225 40005 Data can be found in... AZ Balance of State " " " " " " " " " " CA Balance of State " " " " CO Balance of State " " " " " " " " " " " " FL Balance of State HI Balance of State IL Balance of State IA Balance of State " " " " " " " " MN Balance of State " " " " NY Balance of State " " OK Balance of State

California

Colorado

Florida Hawaii Illinois Iowa

Minnesota

New York Oklahoma

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LEP Special Tabulation

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source data in these tables (including definitions

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Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Tables 1 and 2
The table Heading tells you what the tabulation is about. It also describes the table‘s Universe (the population that is covered, such as Adults 18 and older), and identifies the State and Local Workforce Investment Area. ‘Percent’ in the first four columns refers to the percentage of people within a language group who speak English Very Well, Not Well, etc. Those percentages add up to 100 for each language group. LWIA Number is the official identifier in DOL’s WIASRD database. Where the LWIA number wasn't available, a "dummy" number was assigned that ends in 99.

Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home Universe: Total population Geography: Minnesota Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area

27095 LWIA#

Language Spoken at Home
Total population Not in universe (population under 5 years) Speak only English Speak language other than English African languages Arabic Armenian Chinese French (incl. Patois, Cajun) French Creole The table is easy to German interpret. Each row gives a Greek breakout of language ability Gujarathi for a particular language Hebrew group within the service Hindi area shown at the top. It Hungarian shows counts and Italian percentages. The Totals Japanese column gives the total Korean number of people in a Laotian

language group, and their percentage in the area’s total population.

Speak English Speak English Speak English Speak English "very well" "well" "not well" "not at all" Total Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 893450 100 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 6.96 In Table 1, children under 5 Universe:(X) Except for(X) top 62145 the (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 84.69 are not counted except in Line three rows(X)the table, all 756670 of 44325 59.39 16660 22.32 10980 14.71 2675 3.58 8.35 1, Total Population. other items in the table refer 74640 2795 66.31 1020 24.2 370 8.78 people who speak a 30 0.71 4215 0.47 to 825 70.82 215 18.45 100 8.58 25 1165 0.13 language other than2.15 English 40 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 40 0 at home. (X) in a cell means that the 1800 46.63 1165 30.18 705 18.26 190 4.92 3860 0.43 measure does not apply470 to 2690 71.64 555 14.78 12.52 40 1.07 3755 0.42 a particular18.99 or that a group, 60 75.95 15 4 5.06 0 0 79 0.01 statistic is not relevant. 510 ‘Percent’ in the 0.64 4370 76.53 810 14.19 8.93 20 0.35 5710 Total column 0.05 340 80.95 45 10.71 25 5.95 10 2.38 420 shows each 380 80.85 60 12.77 30 6.38 0 0 470 0.05 language group0.07 as 490 81.67 60 10 50 8.33 0 0 600 a percentage of the 730 83.52 115 13.16 25 2.86 4 0.46 874 0.1 total179 population 0.02 of 165 92.18 4 2.23 10 5.59 0 0 the service area. 390 80.41 75 15.46 20 4.12 0 0 485 0.05 385 52.03 280 37.84 75 10.14 0 0 740 0.08 495 41.6 385 32.35 295 24.79 15 1.26 1190 0.13 1375 47.83 880 30.61 550 19.13 70 2.43 2875 0.32

This diagram shows only part of the table. Tables 1 and 2 print out to two pages each.

‘Percent’ really means percentage! If you see a very small number like ‘0.32’, it means 32 hundredths of a percent, or 0.0032.

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Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Table 3
The table Heading items are similar to Table 1 and Table 2.

Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics by Language Spoken at Home Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop. Geography:

27095 LWIA# Minnesota Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
LEP Population, All Languages Number 13,650 10,105 1,515 Percent

For Comparison:

Speak only English

African Languages Number Percent

Arabic Number Percent

Armenian Number Percent

Subject

Number 756,670 601,255 91,450

Percent 100.0 79.5 12.1

AGE Use Total population (5 years and over) the Blue column as a comparison 18 years and over group. It shows the 65 years and over characteristics of people and EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 18 years and over households who speak only English at Less than 9th grade home. 9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate or equivalent Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor's degree Graduate or professional degree FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY Foreign born population 18 years and over Entered before 1990 1990 to 1995 1996 to March 2000 EMPLOYMENT STATUS Population 18 years and over In labor force Civilian Employed Unemployed Percent of civilian labor force In armed forces Not in labor force OCCUPATION Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over
Management, professional, and related occupations Service occupations Sales and office occupations Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

Universe: 405 Most 100.0

601,255 9,675 33,950 139,220 153,460The

100.0 1.6 5.7 23.2

11,620 3,300 2,145 2,560

of 100.0 the statistics in the table refer to the . 120 100.0 0 Limited English Proficient (LEP) population. These are people 74.0 355 87.7 110 91.7 0 . who speak a language other than4English3.3 home and speak at 11.1 25 6.2 0 . English ‘Not well’ or ‘Not at all.’ People who speak another language at home but speak English ‘Well’ or ‘Very well’ are 100.0 not represented in this table at all. Except for the Total 355 100.0 110 100.0 0 . Population 155 at the top of thetable, al litems refer to0the . row 28.4 43.7 20 18.2 population aged 18 and over or to whole households.
18.5 22.0 13.0 3.4 10.1 4.6 60 80 25 15 15 4 16.9 22.5 7.0 4.2 4.2 1.1 4 3.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . 30 15 20 25 0 27.3 13.6 18.2 22.7 0.0

25.5 1,510 first Green column 46,915 gives totals for LEP 400 7.8 160,855people in all language 26.8 1,170 57,185 groups. 9.5 535

12,780 8,575 2,130 2,075

100.0 67.1 16.7 16.2

9,535 3,025 3,010 3,495

100.0 31.7 31.6 36.7

355 15 125 215

601,255 455,970 455,620 444,205 11,415 2.5 350 145,285

100.0 75.8 75.8 73.9 1.9 (X) 0.1 24.2

11,620 7,005 7,005 6,530 475 6.8

100.0 60.3 60.3 56.2 4.1 (X)

355 210 210 145 65 31.0

In this table, statistics are shown as . 4.2 25 22.7 0 column percentages - that is the 35.2 30 27.3 0 . percentage of those in a language group 60.6 55 50.0 0 who have a specific characteristic. For . example, in this illustration, 1.1% of the African language LEP population have a 100.0 110 100.0 0 . graduate or professional degree.
59.2 59.2 40.9 18.3 (X) 65 65 55 10 15.4 59.1 59.1 50.0 9.1 (X) 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 . . . . . . (X)

100.0

110

100.0

0

.

tables come with a Glossary that explains 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 important terms and definitions. In the Excel file, look 4,615 39.7 145 40.9 45 40.9 for the gray tab that says “Glossary,” at the bottom, just to the right of "Characteristics"
6,530 975 1,880 900 395 20 2,365 100.0 14.9 28.8 13.8 6.1 0.3 36.2 145 4 80 30 0 0 30 100.0 2.8 55.2 20.7 0.0 0.0 20.7 55 4 30 4 0 0 20 100.0 7.3 54.6 7.3 0.0 0.0 36.4

The 0

444,205 194,335 42,170 132,505 30,425 605 44,165

100.0 43.8 9.5 29.8 6.9 0.1 9.9

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . .

INCOME IN 1999 Households With public assistance income No public assistance income Median household income (dollars) Median earnings (dollars): Male, full-time, year-round workers Female, full-time, year-round workers POVERTY STATUS IN 1999 Families Below poverty level At or above poverty level LINGUISTIC ISOLATION Households Linguistically isolated Not linguistically isolated

For some measures the 322,720 100.0 statistic refers not to individuals, but to the 5,425 1.7 household or family. 317,295 98.3 Households or families are counted as LEP if 61,808 the head (X) of household is defined as LEP.
48,078 34,197 (X) (X)

4,110 670 3,440 40,110

100.0 16.3 83.7 (X)

95 55

100.0 57.9

4 0

100.0 0.0

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

40 42.1 4 100.0 (X) means that a statistic does not apply. For example, ‘Percent’ is not reported for median income measures. 11,250 (X) 85,489 (X)

26,883 22,207

(X) (X)

12,083 26,875

(X) (X)

45,917 35,000

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

217,820 4,015 213,805

100.0 1.8 98.2

3,290 575 2,715

100.0 17.5 82.5

80 55 25

100.0 68.8 31.3

4

100.0

0

.

. This 0 diagram0.0 shows only0part of the table. Table 3 should . 4 100.0 0 print out to 18 pages. 4 0 4 100.0 0.0 100.0 0 0 0 . . .

322,720 0 322,720

100.0 0.0 100.0

4,110 2,765 1,345

100.0 67.3 32.7

95 75 15

100.0 79.0 15.8

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At or above poverty level LINGUISTIC ISOLATION Households Linguistically isolated Not linguistically isolated

213,805

98.2

2,715

82.5

25

31.3

4

100.0

0

.

322,720 0 322,720

100.0 0.0 100.0

4,110 2,765 1,345

100.0 67.3 32.7

95 75 15

100.0 79.0 15.8

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

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27095 LWIA# Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
LEP Population, All Languages Number 13,650 10,105 1,515 Percent 100.0 74.0 11.1

African Languages Number 405 355 25 Percent 100.0 87.7 6.2

Arabic Number 120 110 4 Percent 100.0 91.7 3.3

Armenian Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

nt

0.0

9.5

2.1

0.0

11,620 3,300 2,145 2,560 1,510 400 1,170 535

100.0 28.4 18.5 22.0 13.0 3.4 10.1 4.6

355 155 60 80 25 15 15 4

100.0 43.7 16.9 22.5 7.0 4.2 4.2 1.1

110 20 4 30 15 20 25 0

100.0 18.2 3.6 27.3 13.6 18.2 22.7 0.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

1.6

5.7

3.2

5.5

7.8

6.8

9.5

0.0

9,535 3,025 3,010 3,495

100.0 31.7 31.6 36.7

355 15 125 215

100.0 4.2 35.2 60.6

110 25 30 55

100.0 22.7 27.3 50.0

0 0 0 0

. . . .

7.1

6.7

6.2

0.0

11,620 7,005 7,005 6,530 475 6.8 0 4,615

100.0 60.3 60.3 56.2 4.1 (X) 0.0 39.7

355 210 210 145 65 31.0 0 145

100.0 59.2 59.2 40.9 18.3 (X) 0.0 40.9

110 65 65 55 10 15.4 0 45

100.0 59.1 59.1 50.0 9.1 (X) 0.0 40.9

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

5.8

5.8

3.9

1.9

X)

0.1

4.2

0.0

6,530 975 1,880 900 395 20 2,365

100.0 14.9 28.8 13.8 6.1 0.3 36.2

145 4 80 30 0 0 30

100.0 2.8 55.2 20.7 0.0 0.0 20.7

55 4 30 4 0 0 20

100.0 7.3 54.6 7.3 0.0 0.0 36.4

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . .

3.8

9.5

9.8

6.9

0.1

9.9

0.0

4,110 670 3,440 40,110

100.0 16.3 83.7 (X)

95 55 40 11,250

100.0 57.9 42.1 (X)

4 0 4 85,489

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

1.7

8.3

X)

X)

26,883 22,207

(X) (X)

12,083 26,875

(X) (X)

45,917 35,000

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

X)

0.0

3,290 575 2,715

100.0 17.5 82.5

80 55 25

100.0 68.8 31.3

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

1.8

8.2

0.0

4,110 2,765 1,345

100.0 67.3 32.7

95 75 15

100.0 79.0 15.8

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

0.0

0.0

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8.2

2,715

82.5

25

31.3

4

100.0

0

.

0.0

4,110 2,765 1,345

100.0 67.3 32.7

95 75 15

100.0 79.0 15.8

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

0.0

0.0

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Page 15 of 39 Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home Universe: Total population Geography: District of Columbia Speak English "very well" Language Spoken at Home Number Percent Total population (X) (X) Not in universe (population under 5 years) (X) (X) Speak only English (X) (X) Speak language other than English 52,180 57.7 African languages 3,375 65.2 Arabic 1,530 73.0 Armenian 75 83.3 Chinese 1,330 45.7 French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 6,580 72.5 French Creole 350 58.3 German 2,330 86.5 Greek 645 81.7 Gujarathi 155 89.1 Hebrew 325 85.5 Hindi 415 86.5 Hungarian 235 77.1 Italian 1,150 66.9 Japanese 590 63.4 Korean 460 64.8 Laotian 30 46.2 Miao, Hmong 0 . Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 10 33.3 Navajo 4 100.0 Other and unspecified languages 200 90.9 Other Asian languages 525 71.9 Other Indic languages 450 81.8 Other Indo-European languages 735 75.8 Other Native North American languages 35 47.3 Other Pacific Island languages 305 75.3 Other Slavic languages 670 74.4 Other West Germanic languages 390 85.7 Persian 415 71.1 Polish 260 70.3

State Totals

Speak English Speak English "not Speak English "not "well" well" at all" Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 17,660 19.5 14,825 16.4 5,745 6.4 1,420 27.4 335 6.5 50 1.0 455 21.7 90 4.3 20 1.0 15 16.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 610 21.0 645 22.2 325 11.2 1,680 18.5 750 8.3 70 0.8 175 29.2 65 10.8 10 1.7 255 9.5 110 4.1 0 0.0 135 17.1 10 1.3 0 0.0 15 8.6 0 0.0 4 2.3 55 14.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 55 11.5 10 2.1 0 0.0 55 18.0 15 4.9 0 0.0 435 25.3 100 5.8 35 2.0 265 28.5 55 5.9 20 2.2 145 20.4 75 10.6 30 4.2 35 53.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 . 0 . 0 . 20 66.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 20 9.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 95 13.0 95 13.0 15 2.1 30 5.5 25 4.6 45 8.2 180 18.6 40 4.1 15 1.6 35 47.3 4 5.4 0 0.0 50 12.4 50 12.4 0 0.0 155 17.2 60 6.7 15 1.7 65 14.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 150 25.7 4 0.7 15 2.6 80 21.6 30 8.1 0 0.0

Total Number Percent 572,050 100.0 32,400 5.7 449,240 78.5 90,410 15.8 5,180 0.9 2,095 0.4 90 0.0 2,910 0.5 9,080 1.6 600 0.1 2,695 0.5 790 0.1 174 0.0 380 0.1 480 0.1 305 0.1 1,720 0.3 930 0.2 710 0.1 65 0.0 0 0.0 30 0.0 4 0.0 220 0.0 730 0.1 550 0.1 970 0.2 74 0.0 405 0.1 900 0.2 455 0.1 584 0.1 370 0.1

Page 16 of 39 Portuguese or Portuguese Creole Russian Scandinavian languages Serbo-Croatian Spanish or Spanish Creole Tagalog Thai Urdu Vietnamese Yiddish 710 835 590 625 24,105 725 90 410 400 115 70.3 75.2 93.1 80.2 48.7 53.5 39.1 67.8 24.8 100.0 180 175 40 110 9,135 535 80 125 590 0 17.8 15.8 6.3 14.1 18.5 39.5 34.8 20.7 36.7 0.0 105 75 0 40 11,305 95 60 70 515 0 10.4 6.8 0.0 5.1 22.9 7.0 26.1 11.6 32.0 0.0 15 25 4 4 4,915 0 0 0 105 0 1.5 2.3 0.6 0.5 9.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.5 0.0 1,010 1,110 634 779 49,460 1,355 230 605 1,610 115 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 8.7 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Page 17 of 39 Table 2. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home Universe: Population 18 years and over Geography: District of Columbia Speak English "very well" Language Spoken at Home Number Percent Total population 18 and over (X) (X) Speak only English (X) (X) Speak language other than English 44,465 56.9 African languages 2,935 64.9 Arabic 1,365 72.4 Armenian 75 83.3 Chinese 1,220 44.6 French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 5,920 72.5 French Creole 315 60.6 German 2,190 86.1 Greek 635 81.4 Gujarathi 155 89.1 Hebrew 295 92.2 Hindi 400 86.0 Hungarian 235 79.7 Italian 1,060 66.7 Japanese 570 63.3 Korean 460 66.7 Laotian 30 46.2 Miao, Hmong 0 . Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 10 33.3 Navajo 4 100.0 Other and unspecified languages 170 89.5 Other Asian languages 510 72.3 Other Indic languages 435 81.3 Other Indo-European languages 640 75.3 Other Native North American languages 35 64.8 Other Pacific Island languages 305 79.2 Other Slavic languages 560 73.8 Other West Germanic languages 375 91.5 Persian 400 71.6 Polish 250 72.5 Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 655 68.6

State Totals

Speak English Speak English "not Speak English "not "well" well" at all" Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 15,085 19.3 13,310 17.0 5,330 6.8 1,255 27.7 300 6.6 35 0.8 420 22.3 80 4.2 20 1.1 15 16.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 570 20.8 625 22.9 320 11.7 1,620 19.8 600 7.3 30 0.4 140 26.9 55 10.6 10 1.9 255 10.0 100 3.9 0 0.0 135 17.3 10 1.3 0 0.0 15 8.6 0 0.0 4 2.3 25 7.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 55 11.8 10 2.2 0 0.0 45 15.3 15 5.1 0 0.0 415 26.1 80 5.0 35 2.2 255 28.3 55 6.1 20 2.2 135 19.6 65 9.4 30 4.4 35 53.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 . 0 . 0 . 20 66.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 20 10.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 90 12.8 90 12.8 15 2.1 30 5.6 25 4.7 45 8.4 155 18.2 40 4.7 15 1.8 15 27.8 4 7.4 0 0.0 40 10.4 40 10.4 0 0.0 135 17.8 60 7.9 4 0.5 35 8.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 140 25.0 4 0.7 15 2.7 65 18.8 30 8.7 0 0.0 180 18.9 105 11.0 15 1.6

Total Number Percent 457,725 100.0 379,535 82.9 78,190 17.1 4,525 1.0 1,885 0.4 90 0.0 2,735 0.6 8,170 1.8 520 0.1 2,545 0.6 780 0.2 174 0.0 320 0.1 465 0.1 295 0.1 1,590 0.4 900 0.2 690 0.2 65 0.0 0 0.0 30 0.0 4 0.0 190 0.0 705 0.2 535 0.1 850 0.2 54 0.0 385 0.1 759 0.2 410 0.1 559 0.1 345 0.1 955 0.2

Page 18 of 39 Russian Scandinavian languages Serbo-Croatian Spanish or Spanish Creole Tagalog Thai Urdu Vietnamese Yiddish 785 575 615 18,720 725 80 355 295 115 74.1 92.9 80.5 45.9 55.3 41.0 68.3 22.9 100.0 175 40 105 7,410 495 55 95 385 0 16.5 6.5 13.7 18.2 37.8 28.2 18.3 29.8 0.0 75 0 40 10,080 90 60 70 505 0 7.1 0.0 5.2 24.7 6.9 30.8 13.5 39.2 0.0 25 4 4 4,570 0 0 0 105 0 2.4 0.7 0.5 11.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.1 0.0 1,060 619 764 40,780 1,310 195 520 1,290 115 0.2 0.1 0.2 8.9 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Page 1 of 39 Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics by Language Spoken at Home Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop. Geography:

District of Columbia

State Totals Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
LEP Population, All Languages Number 20,575 18,640 1,440 Percent 100.0 90.6 7.0

For Comparison:

Speak only English

African Languages Number 385 335 0 Percent 100.0 87.0 0.0

Arabic Number 110 100 4 Percent 100.0 90.9 3.6

Armenian Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

Subject
AGE Total population (5 years and over) 18 years and over 65 years and over EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 18 years and over Less than 9th grade 9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma High school graduate or equivalent Some college, no degree Associate degree Bachelor's degree Graduate or professional degree FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY Foreign born population 18 years and over Entered before 1990 1990 to 1995 1996 to March 2000 EMPLOYMENT STATUS Population 18 years and over In labor force Civilian Employed Unemployed Percent of civilian labor force In armed forces Not in labor force

Number 449,240 379,535 64,080

Percent 100.0 84.5 14.3

379,535 19,555 58,065 83,020 75,245 9,300 68,485 65,870

100.0 5.2 15.3 21.9 19.8 2.5 18.0 17.4

18,640 9,360 3,525 2,495 1,420 180 840 820

100.0 50.2 18.9 13.4 7.6 1.0 4.5 4.4

335 110 115 60 25 0 15 4

100.0 32.8 34.3 17.9 7.5 0.0 4.5 1.2

100 35 30 10 25 0 0 0

100.0 35.0 30.0 10.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

15,980 10,705 2,395 2,880

100.0 67.0 15.0 18.0

16,250 6,820 4,480 4,950

100.0 42.0 27.6 30.5

335 50 115 165

100.0 14.9 34.3 49.3

95 20 4 65

100.0 21.1 4.2 68.4

0 0 0 0

. . . .

379,535 241,265 238,415 211,705 26,710 11.2 2,850 138,270

100.0 63.6 62.8 55.8 7.0 (X) 0.8 36.4

18,640 12,250 12,230 11,090 1,145 9.4 15 6,390

100.0 65.7 65.6 59.5 6.1 (X) 0.1 34.3

335 215 215 185 30 14.0 0 120

100.0 64.2 64.2 55.2 9.0 (X) 0.0 35.8

100 80 80 65 15 18.8 0 20

100.0 80.0 80.0 65.0 15.0 (X) 0.0 20.0

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

Page 2 of 39 OCCUPATION Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over
Management, professional, and related occupations Service occupations Sales and office occupations Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 211,705 112,605 28,425 50,645 8,740 105 11,185 100.0 53.2 13.4 23.9 4.1 0.1 5.3 11,090 1,220 6,095 960 1,875 15 925 100.0 11.0 55.0 8.7 16.9 0.1 8.3 185 20 100 45 0 0 20 100.0 10.8 54.1 24.3 0.0 0.0 10.8 65 15 45 0 0 0 10 100.0 23.1 69.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . .

INCOME IN 1999 Households With public assistance income No public assistance income Median household income (dollars) Median earnings (dollars): Male, full-time, year-round workers Female, full-time, year-round workers POVERTY STATUS IN 1999 Families Below poverty level At or above poverty level LINGUISTIC ISOLATION Households Linguistically isolated Not linguistically isolated

210,830 12,550 198,280 40,133

100.0 6.0 94.1 (X)

6,810 335 6,480 33,069

100.0 4.9 95.2 (X)

140 4 130 11,813

100.0 2.9 92.9 (X)

30 0 30 32,222

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

41,671 36,820

(X) (X)

19,842 16,966

(X) (X)

21,458 12,361

(X) (X)

100,001 21,250

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

97,425 16,655 80,775

100.0 17.1 82.9

4,865 1,065 3,800

100.0 21.9 78.1

55 25 30

100.0 45.5 54.6

15 0 15

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

210,830 0 210,830

100.0 0.0 100.0

6,810 5,075 1,740

100.0 74.5 25.6

140 100 40

100.0 71.4 28.6

30 20 10

100.0 66.7 33.3

0 0 0

. . .

Page 3 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
French (incl Patois, Cajun) Number 825 630 75 Percent 100.0 76.4 9.1

Chinese Number 970 945 250 Percent 100.0 97.4 25.8

French Creole Number 75 65 25 Percent 100.0 86.7 33.3

German Number 110 100 10 Percent 100.0 90.9 9.1

Greek Number 10 10 4 Percent 100.0 100.0 40.0

945 410 220 115 50 15 85 55

100.0 43.4 23.3 12.2 5.3 1.6 9.0 5.8

630 50 45 170 90 15 85 180

100.0 7.9 7.1 27.0 14.3 2.4 13.5 28.6

65 30 4 20 4 0 4 0

100.0 46.2 6.2 30.8 6.2 0.0 6.2 0.0

100 0 35 10 10 0 25 20

100.0 0.0 35.0 10.0 10.0 0.0 25.0 20.0

10 0 0 4 0 0 4 0

100.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 0.0

925 435 225 265

100.0 47.0 24.3 28.7

210 40 30 140

100.0 19.1 14.3 66.7

65 55 4 10

100.0 84.6 6.2 15.4

50 30 0 20

100.0 60.0 0.0 40.0

0 0 0 0

. . . .

945 515 515 510 4 0.8 0 430

100.0 54.5 54.5 54.0 0.4 (X) 0.0 45.5

630 415 415 350 70 16.9 0 215

100.0 65.9 65.9 55.6 11.1 (X) 0.0 34.1

65 50 50 45 10 20.0 0 15

100.0 76.9 76.9 69.2 15.4 (X) 0.0 23.1

100 90 90 65 30 33.3 0 10

100.0 90.0 90.0 65.0 30.0 (X) 0.0 10.0

10 4 4 4 0 0.0 0 4

100.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 40.0

Page 4 of 39
510 35 335 70 0 0 70 100.0 6.9 65.7 13.7 0.0 0.0 13.7 350 180 35 110 20 0 0 100.0 51.4 10.0 31.4 5.7 0.0 0.0 45 4 20 4 4 0 10 100.0 8.9 44.4 8.9 8.9 0.0 22.2 65 50 0 10 0 0 0 100.0 76.9 0.0 15.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

495 15 485 17,537

100.0 3.0 98.0 (X)

330 25 305 45,043

100.0 7.6 92.4 (X)

25 0 25 33,438

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

30 0 30 56,071

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

10 0 10 46,250

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

21,198 17,206

(X) (X)

41,731 38,309

(X) (X)

21,875 28,750

(X) (X)

39,048 48,036

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

330 110 215

100.0 33.3 65.2

170 35 135

100.0 20.6 79.4

15 0 15

100.0 0.0 100.0

10 4 4

100.0 40.0 40.0

0 0 0

. . .

495 430 65

100.0 86.9 13.1

330 200 130

100.0 60.6 39.4

25 4 20

100.0 16.0 80.0

30 15 15

100.0 50.0 50.0

10 10 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

Page 5 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

Gujarathi Number 4 4 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

Hebrew Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

Hindi Number 10 10 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

Hungarian Number 15 15 15 Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0

Italian Number 140 120 40 Percent 100.0 85.7 28.6

4 0 0 0 0 0 4 0

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

15 15 0 0 0 0 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

120 50 15 10 4 0 0 40

100.0 41.7 12.5 8.3 3.3 0.0 0.0 33.3

0 0 0 0

. . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . .

10 10 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0

15 15 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0

100 55 4 40

100.0 55.0 4.0 40.0

4 0 0 0 0 . 0 4

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 100.0

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

10 10 10 10 0 0.0 0 0

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 0.0

15 0 0 0 0 . 0 15

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 100.0

120 70 70 70 0 0.0 0 50

100.0 58.3 58.3 58.3 0.0 (X) 0.0 41.7

Page 6 of 39
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 70 35 30 4 0 0 0 100.0 50.0 42.9 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

4 0 4 4,999

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

10 0 10 36,250

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

60 0 60 23,403

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

31,607 53,250

(X) (X)

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

4 4 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0

. . .

10 10 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0

. . .

60 60 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

Page 7 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

Japanese Number 75 75 10 Percent 100.0 100.0 13.3

Korean Number 105 95 4 Percent 100.0 90.5 3.8

Laotian Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

Miao, Hmong Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

75 0 10 30 15 10 4 0

100.0 0.0 13.3 40.0 20.0 13.3 5.3 0.0

95 0 30 40 4 10 15 0

100.0 0.0 31.6 42.1 4.2 10.5 15.8 0.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

75 0 20 55

100.0 0.0 26.7 73.3

75 25 4 40

100.0 33.3 5.3 53.3

0 0 0 0

. . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . .

75 30 30 30 0 0.0 0 40

100.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 53.3

95 50 50 50 0 0.0 0 45

100.0 52.6 52.6 52.6 0.0 (X) 0.0 47.4

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

Page 8 of 39
30 20 0 10 0 0 0 100.0 66.7 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 50 4 35 0 10 0 0 100.0 8.0 70.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . .

30 0 30 82,355

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

35 0 35 28,542

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

80,102 33,750

(X) (X)

25,938 24,338

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

15 4 10

100.0 26.7 66.7

25 0 25

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

30 30 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

35 30 4

100.0 85.7 11.4

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

Page 9 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
Other and Unspecified languages Number 0 0 0 Percent . . . Other Asian languages Number 110 105 30 Percent 100.0 95.5 27.3 Other Indic languages Number 70 70 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0 Other IndoEuropean languages Number 55 55 10 Percent 100.0 100.0 18.2

Navajo Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

105 40 25 20 0 0 10 10

100.0 38.1 23.8 19.1 0.0 0.0 9.5 9.5

70 45 4 0 15 0 4 0

100.0 64.3 5.7 0.0 21.4 0.0 5.7 0.0

55 0 15 25 0 0 0 10

100.0 0.0 27.3 45.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2

0 0 0 0

. . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . .

95 20 20 60

100.0 21.1 21.1 63.2

70 4 15 50

100.0 5.7 21.4 71.4

50 15 10 25

100.0 30.0 20.0 50.0

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

105 65 65 65 0 0.0 0 35

100.0 61.9 61.9 61.9 0.0 (X) 0.0 33.3

70 65 65 65 0 0.0 0 4

100.0 92.9 92.9 92.9 0.0 (X) 0.0 5.7

55 35 35 25 10 28.6 0 15

100.0 63.6 63.6 45.5 18.2 (X) 0.0 27.3

Page 10 of 39
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 65 0 65 0 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 65 4 50 0 4 0 0 100.0 6.2 76.9 0.0 6.2 0.0 0.0 25 0 10 15 4 0 0 100.0 0.0 40.0 60.0 16.0 0.0 0.0

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

45 0 45 34,125

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

20 0 20 26,731

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

20 0 20 31,389

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

16,250 21,750

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

13,750 2,499

(X) (X)

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

10 0 10

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

4 4 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

45 45 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

20 20 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

20 15 4

100.0 75.0 20.0

Page 11 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
Other Native North American languages Number 4 4 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0 Other Pacific Island languages Number 50 40 0 Percent 100.0 80.0 0.0 Other Slavic languages Number 75 65 15 Percent 100.0 86.7 20.0 Other West Germanic languages Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

Persian Number 20 20 10 Percent 100.0 100.0 50.0

4 0 0 0 0 0 4 0

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0

40 10 0 25 4 0 0 0

100.0 25.0 0.0 62.5 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

65 0 0 25 4 0 10 25

100.0 0.0 0.0 38.5 6.2 0.0 15.4 38.5

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

20 0 0 10 10 0 0 0

100.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0 0 0 0

. . . .

35 0 10 25

100.0 0.0 28.6 71.4

50 25 0 25

100.0 50.0 0.0 50.0

0 0 0 0

. . . .

10 4 4 0

100.0 40.0 40.0 0.0

4 4 4 4 0 0.0 0 0

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 0.0

40 20 20 20 0 0.0 0 20

100.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 50.0

65 15 15 10 4 26.7 0 50

100.0 23.1 23.1 15.4 6.2 (X) 0.0 76.9

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

20 0 0 0 0 . 0 20

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 100.0

Page 12 of 39
4 0 4 0 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20 0 15 4 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 75.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10 0 0 10 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . .

4 0 4 21,250

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

20 0 20 21,731

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

15 0 15 36,250

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

10 0 10 23,750

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

21,250 2,499

(X) (X)

33,750 2,499

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

0 0 0

. . .

15 0 15

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

4 4 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

20 20 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

15 15 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0

. . .

10 10 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

Page 13 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
Scandinavian languages Number 4 4 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

Polish Number 30 30 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

Portuguese Number 120 120 15 Percent 100.0 100.0 12.5

Russian Number 100 100 45 Percent 100.0 100.0 45.0

Serbo-Croatian Number 45 45 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

30 0 0 0 20 0 0 10

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 66.7 0.0 0.0 33.3

120 25 20 25 10 0 10 25

100.0 20.8 16.7 20.8 8.3 0.0 8.3 20.8

100 0 15 0 4 0 25 55

100.0 0.0 15.0 0.0 4.0 0.0 25.0 55.0

4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

45 0 15 35 0 0 0 0

100.0 0.0 33.3 77.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

20 10 0 10

100.0 50.0 0.0 50.0

95 30 25 35

100.0 31.6 26.3 36.8

85 20 25 40

100.0 23.5 29.4 47.1

4 4 0 0

100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0

35 0 0 35

100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0

30 20 20 20 0 0.0 0 10

100.0 66.7 66.7 66.7 0.0 (X) 0.0 33.3

120 85 85 85 0 0.0 0 40

100.0 70.8 70.8 70.8 0.0 (X) 0.0 33.3

100 40 40 40 0 0.0 0 60

100.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 60.0

4 0 0 0 0 . 0 4

100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 (X) 0.0 100.0

45 25 20 20 0 0.0 4 20

100.0 55.6 44.4 44.4 0.0 (X) 8.9 44.4

Page 14 of 39
20 0 0 10 0 0 10 100.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 85 20 60 0 0 0 0 100.0 23.5 70.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 40 35 10 0 0 0 0 100.0 87.5 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . . 20 0 20 0 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

20 0 20 29,773

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

55 0 55 38,472

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

20 0 20 41,250

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

20 4 15 56,250

100.0 20.0 75.0 (X)

28,750 38,750

(X) (X)

66,250 10,417

(X) (X)

26,250 21,563

(X) (X)

2,499 2,499

(X) (X)

75,487 2,499

(X) (X)

0 0 0

. . .

35 4 30

100.0 11.4 85.7

4 0 4

100.0 0.0 100.0

0 0 0

. . .

20 0 20

100.0 0.0 100.0

20 10 10

100.0 50.0 50.0

55 40 15

100.0 72.7 27.3

20 20 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

0 0 0

. . .

20 15 4

100.0 75.0 20.0

Page 15 of 39

District of Columbia

State Totals

Language Spoken at Home LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
Spanish or Spanish Creole Number 16,220 14,650 845 Percent 100.0 90.3 5.2

Tagalog Number 95 90 4 Percent 100.0 94.7 4.2

Thai Number 60 60 0 Percent 100.0 100.0 0.0

Urdu Number 70 70 10 Percent 100.0 100.0 14.3

Vietnamese Number 620 610 15 Percent 100.0 98.4 2.4

14,650 8,215 2,760 1,650 1,055 115 490 365

100.0 56.1 18.8 11.3 7.2 0.8 3.3 2.5

90 35 0 35 0 0 0 20

100.0 38.9 0.0 38.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.2

60 30 10 10 0 0 10 0

100.0 50.0 16.7 16.7 0.0 0.0 16.7 0.0

70 10 25 25 0 4 0 0

100.0 14.3 35.7 35.7 0.0 5.7 0.0 0.0

610 245 130 135 60 10 30 0

100.0 40.2 21.3 22.1 9.8 1.6 4.9 0.0

12,955 5,790 3,680 3,485

100.0 44.7 28.4 26.9

75 40 0 35

100.0 53.3 0.0 46.7

60 55 4 0

100.0 91.7 6.7 0.0

55 20 15 20

100.0 36.4 27.3 36.4

600 40 255 310

100.0 6.7 42.5 51.7

14,650 9,800 9,790 8,815 975 10.0 10 4,850

100.0 66.9 66.8 60.2 6.7 (X) 0.1 33.1

90 65 65 65 0 0.0 0 25

100.0 72.2 72.2 72.2 0.0 (X) 0.0 27.8

60 55 55 55 0 0.0 0 10

100.0 91.7 91.7 91.7 0.0 (X) 0.0 16.7

70 20 20 20 0 0.0 0 45

100.0 28.6 28.6 28.6 0.0 (X) 0.0 64.3

610 395 395 395 0 0.0 0 215

100.0 64.8 64.8 64.8 0.0 (X) 0.0 35.3

Page 16 of 39
8,815 770 4,960 535 1,820 15 715 100.0 8.7 56.3 6.1 20.7 0.2 8.1 65 0 60 4 0 0 0 100.0 0.0 92.3 6.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 55 0 30 10 0 0 10 100.0 0.0 54.6 18.2 0.0 0.0 18.2 20 4 15 0 0 0 0 100.0 20.0 75.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 395 4 185 110 4 0 85 100.0 1.0 46.8 27.9 1.0 0.0 21.5

4,990 250 4,740 34,435

100.0 5.0 95.0 (X)

40 0 40 42,885

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

20 0 20 33,750

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

35 0 35 35,341

100.0 0.0 100.0 (X)

300 30 265 31,667

100.0 10.0 88.3 (X)

18,824 14,972

(X) (X)

26,250 19,423

(X) (X)

31,250 18,750

(X) (X)

30,938 2,499

(X) (X)

18,661 30,703

(X) (X)

3,830 785 3,045

100.0 20.5 79.5

20 0 20

100.0 0.0 100.0

10 0 10

100.0 0.0 100.0

10 0 10

100.0 0.0 100.0

265 80 185

100.0 30.2 69.8

4,990 3,610 1,380

100.0 72.3 27.7

40 30 10

100.0 75.0 25.0

20 20 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

35 35 0

100.0 100.0 0.0

300 260 40

100.0 86.7 13.3

Page 17 of 39

Language LEP Only

Yiddish Number 0 0 0 Percent . . .

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

. . . . . . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . .

0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0

. . . . . (X) . .

Page 18 of 39
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . . . . . . .

0 0 0 0

. . . (X)

0 0

(X) (X)

0 0 0

. . .

0 0 0

. . .

The LEP Special Tabulation
of Census 2000 Data on Limited English Proficient Adults

Explanation of Terms used in the Tabulations
Excerpted from: Demographic Profile:2000 2000 Census of Population and Housing Technical Documentation Issued May 2002 http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/ProfilesTD.pdf Ability to speak English. For people who speak a language other than English at home, the response represents the person’s own perception of his or her ability to speak English, from "very well" to "not at all." Because census questionnaires are usually completed by one household member, the responses may represent the perception of another household member. (For more information, see "Language spoken at home." ) Age. The age classification is based on the age of the person in complete years as of April 1, 2000. The age of the person usually was derived from their date of birth information. Their reported age was used only when date of birth information was unavailable. Earnings. Earnings is defined as the sum of wage and salary income and net income from selfemployment. Earnings represent the amount of income received regularly before deductions for personal income taxes, social security, bond purchases, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. Educational attainment. Educational attainment is the highest degree or level of school completed. The category "Associate degree" includes people whose highest degree is an associate degree, which generally requires two years of college level work and is either in an occupational program that prepares them for a specific occupation, or an academic program primarily in the arts and sciences. The course work may or may not be transferable to a bachelor's degree. Master's degrees include the traditional MA and MS degrees and field-specific degrees, such as MSW, MEd, MBA, MLS, and MEng. Some examples of professional degrees include medicine, dentistry, chiropractic, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, law, and theology. Vocational and technical training, such as that in barber school; business, trade, technical, and vocational schools; or other training for a specific trade are specifically excluded. Employed. All civilians 16 years old and over who are either (1) "at work" -those who did any work at all during the reference week as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession, worked on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a family farm or in a family business or (2)are "with a job, but not at work" -those who did not work during the reference week, but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent. Excluded from the employed are people whose only activity consisted of work around their own house (painting, repairing, or own home housework)or unpaid volunteer work for religious, charitable, and similar organizations. Also excluded are people on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. The reference week is the full calendar week preceding the date on which the respondent completed the questionnaire or was interviewed by enumerators. (For more information, see "Labor force" and "Unemployed." ) Family household (family). A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family. A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations. Thus, the number of family households is equal to the number of families, but family households may include more members than do families. A household can contain only one family for purposes of census tabulations. Not all households contain families since a household may comprise a group of unrelated people or one person living alone.

LEP Special Tabulation

Glossary

19

Foreign born. The foreign-born population includes all people who are not U. S. citizens at birth. (For more information, see "Native" and "Born at sea." ) Full-time, year-round workers. This category consists of people 16 years old and over who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in 1999. Household. A household includes all of the people who occupy a housing unit. People not living in households are classified as living in group quarters. Income in 1999. Information on money income received in calendar year 1999 was requested from individuals 15 years and over. "Total income" is the sum of the amounts reported separately for wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or royalty income; social security or railroad retirement income; supplemental security income (SSI); public assistance or welfare payments; retirement or disability income; and all other income. Receipts from the following sources are not included as income: money received from the sale of property (unless the recipient was engaged in the business of selling such property); capital gains; the value of income "in kind" from food stamps, public housing subsidies, medical care, employer contributions for individuals, etc.; withdrawal of bank deposits; money borrowed; tax refunds; exchange of money between relatives living in the same household; and gifts and lump-sum inheritances, insurance payments, and other types of lump-sum receipts. Although the income statistics cover calendar year 1999, the characteristics of individuals and the composition of households/families refer to the time of enumeration. Thus, the income of the household or family does not include amounts received by individuals who were members of the household/family during all or part of the calendar year 1999 if these individuals no longer resided with the household/family at the time of enumeration. Similarly, income amounts reported by individuals who did not reside with the household/family during 1999 but who were members of the household/family at the time of enumeration are included. However, the composition of most households/families was the same during 1999 as at the time of enumeration. Income of households. Includes the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not. Because many households consist of only one person, average household income is usually less than average family income. Linguistic Isolation. A household in which no person age 14 years or over speaks only English and no person age 14 years or over who speaks a language other than English speaks English "Very well" is classified as "linguistically isolated." All the members of a linguistically isolated household are tabulated as linguistically isolated, including members under age 14 years who may speak only English. Public assistance income. Public assistance income includes general assistance and temporary assistance to needy families (TANF). Separate payments received for hospital or other medical care (vendor payments) are excluded. This does not include supplemental security income (SSI). Labor force. The labor force includes all people classified in the civilian labor force (that is, "employed" and "unemployed" people) plus members of the U.S. Armed Forces (people on active duty in the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard). (For more information, see "Employed" and "Unemployed." ) Language spoken at home. The population who speaks a language other than English includes only those who sometimes or always speak a language other than English at home. It does not include those who speak a language other than English only at school or work, or those who were limited to only a few expressions or slang of the other language. Most people who speak another language at home also speak English. (For more information, see "Ability to speak English." ) Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers. The median divides the earnings distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median and one-half above the median. Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers is based on individuals 16 years

LEP Special Tabulation

Glossary

20

and over with earnings who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in 1999. This measure is rounded to the nearest dollar. (For more information, see "Earnings." ) Median income. The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. For households and families, the median income is based on the distribution of the total number of households or families including those with no income. The median for individuals is based on individuals 15 years and over with income. This measure is rounded to the nearest whole dollar. Occupation. Occupation describes the kind of work the person does on the job. For employed people, the data refer to the person's job during the reference week. For those who worked at two or more jobs, the data refer to the job at which the person worked the greatest number of hours during the reference week. Some examples of occupational groups shown in this product include service, sales, and farming. Poverty status in 1999. Poverty is measured by using 48 thresholds that vary by family size and number of children within the family and age of the householder. To determine whether a person is poor, one compares the total income of that person's family with the threshold appropriate for that family. If the total family income is less than the threshold, then the person is considered poor, together with every member of his or her family. Not every person is included in the poverty universe: institutionalized people, people in military group quarters, people living in college dormitories, and unrelated individuals under 15 years old are considered neither as "poor" nor as "nonpoor," and are excluded from both the numerator and the denominator when calculating poverty rates. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) mandates that all federal agencies (including the Census Bureau) use this poverty definition for statistical purposes (OMB Statistical Policy Directive 14, May 1978). Residence in 1995. Residence in 1995 indicates an individual's area of residence on April 1, 1995 Unemployed. Civilians 16 years old and over are classified as unemployed if they (1) were neither "at work" nor "with a job but not at work" during the reference week, (2)were looking for work during the last four weeks, and (3)were available to start a job. Also included as unemployed are civilians 16 years old and over who did not work at all during the reference week, were on temporary layoff from a job, expected to be recalled to work within the next 6 months, or had been given a date to return to work, and were available for work during the reference week. (For more information, see "Employed" and "Labor force." ) Workers. Workers 16 years and over are members of the Armed Forces and civilians who were at work during the reference week. Year of entry. The year in which a person born outside the United States came to live in the United States. FOR MORE INFORMATION The Demographic Profile data also are available through the American FactFinder®, which can be accessed from the Census Bureau's Internet site at www.census.gov. Full documentation for the source data in the LEP tables can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical documentation, available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf and on the LEP Data Disk CD.

LEP Special Tabulation

Glossary

21