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Formula Sheet (taken principally from D. J.

Griffiths: Introduction to Electrodynamics, Prentice Hall)

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sin (2θ ) = 2 sin (θ ) cos(θ )

sin ( A ± B ) = sin ( A) cos(B ) ± cos( A) sin (B )

sin ( A) ± sin (B ) = 2 sin[1 ( A ± B )]cos[1 ( A B )] 2 2

cos( A ± B ) = cos( A) cos(B ) sin ( A)sin (B )

cos( A) + cos(B ) = 2 cos[1 ( A + B )]cos[1 ( A − B )] 2 2

cos( A) − cos(B ) = −2 sin[1 ( A + B )]sin[1 ( A − B )] 2 2

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