A guide to scoring well in quantitative aptitude of B-school entrance exams In fact, there is still a general notion in the world

of MBA wannabes that there are two kinds of MBA aspirants. Those who are poor at quant and those who are very poor at quant. People who are good at quant and DI stay on Mars. However, I dare to make a tall claim that this notion is a misconception and an over-hyped phobia. Mastering quantitative aptitude is just another task, which can be fulfilled with focused strategy in preparation and sustained hard work. Since I have made this loud declaration that quant may be wild but is definitely tamable I ought to substantiate it. For this, I need you to look at the quant section (CAT 2006 notwithstanding) of B-school admission tests as divided into the following two functional categories: Quant that appears in CAT or XAT Quant that appears in other exams (SNAP, IRMA, MAT, NMIMS, etc) However, the so called ‘syllabus’ for both types of tests remains the same, and roughly comprises of the following: Questions on properties of numbers, divisibility, LCM, HCF, remainder theorem and their applications. Basic arithmetic and its applications like calculating simple and compound interest, ratio and proportion, profit, loss and discount, mixtures and work-time or time-speed based problems, essentially commercial mathematics. Basic algebra and its applications like simple and quadratic equations, series, exponents, polynomials, functions. Geometry and mensuration. Comprising of primarily two dimensional figures, and application of basic theorems. Modern maths: Set theory, Venn diagrams, permutation, combination and probability. Although the syllabus and breadth of areas remain the same in both types of exams, there is a huge difference in types of questions that are asked and hence the approach to prepare and attempt questions also varies. Let us look at quant in non-CAT exams. The quant in these exams (SNAP, IRMA, etc) is what could be primarily called a Speed and Accuracy Test. The number of questions is large, but most of the questions are either direct formula-based questions or direct application of a basic concept. The premium is on speed. Those who can solve questions quickly rule the roost. Consider few sample questions: A trader bought two watches for Rs 2,000 each. One he sold at 5 per cent profit and the second at 7 per cent loss. Calculate net profit/loss. This is a simple question of calculating a percentage (2 per cent) on Rs 2,000, which is 40. Consider another question. If today a father is four times as old as his son and five years ago he was five times as old as his son, find their present ages. This again is a simple application of algebra, or substituting the given options. For this type of quantitative aptitude (non-CAT), the following preparation strategy is suggested: 1. Leave no area unprepared, as coverage is more important than depth. Even dreaded topics like probability and permutation and combinations should not be left.

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put a cross in front of them and leave. They are a potential round four questions. 3. Memorising reciprocals of the first 30 numbers is also helpful in dividing faster. a single question may involve application of multiple theorems or a single theorem will only become applicable when some further construction is done in the question. either from day one. divide your attempts into multiple rounds (at least two). Typically this will be the area where you were ahead of your friends. Here not merely the width but the depth and clarity of basic concepts. boats. The difference lies in nature of questions. algebra. The syllabus of quantitative aptitude sections of these exams as mentioned earlier is same as for other exams. attempt only those questions. hence it is sine qua non that you have complete mastery over the multiplication tables of first 30 natural numbers and the squares. Similarly. If there are certain questions that you have solved earlier and hence know are doable but time-consuming. 4. Put a different symbol — say a sign of interrogation — over all such questions and you can return to them in your third round. Cram and make yourself familiar with all basic formulae (for mensuration. You have to ensure 100 percent accuracy in them. there are always a few sitters. questions where nothing strikes your mind in first 10 to 15 seconds are best left. However. clocks and work efficiency. of which you are 100 percent sure. The prime test of this ‘doability’ is that you should not have one iota of doubt that you can solve the question. application is of a high degree. Again. along with complete mastery over first principles. You should familiarise yourself with each sub-area and standard questions. put a circle over them and return to them if time permits in the second round. logarithms and modern maths) and theorems (for geometry) as a starting point. and solving them is just a matter of time. although in geometry the basic theorems involved are the same (around a dozen). this will potentially comprise 80 per cent of quantitative aptitude section. subject to availability of time. In round one. Mere familiarity with the topic and basic formulae is not going to help you score well here. 5. efficiently and correctly. one needs to go that proverbial 'extra mile' to tame the quantitative ability section of CAT and XAT. Remember. Many questions require nothing but faster calculation. For questions about which you have no clue in first five seconds. For example in work-time and time-speed questions. the CAT and XAT exams. Let’s see what extra must be done. Nevertheless. is an absolute necessity. For example. practise well so as to solve any similar question quickly. circular motion. While attempting questions. Practise them well to the extent that you become well-versed with their application in basic questions. You need to identify your ‘areas of strength’. You will find it extremely useful in arithmetic problems like computing compound interest. the sub-areas are relative speed.2. Areas of strength are those areas where your grip over the first principles is very clear. and most of the suggestions given for other exams also hold water for CAT and XAT. The big challenge Now let’s move to the big league. or were able to grasp . Each functional area in quant has five to 10 standard sub-areas associated with it and each such sub-area has two to three basic concepts involving standard questions related with it. Following guidelines will be helpful: 1. Although the questions derive from basic concepts. cubes and square roots of the first 20 numbers. pipes and cisterns. you are psychologically at ease even with the difficult questions and can easily comprehend and solve newer type questions.

the chances are that it is beyond you at that point. As per this criterion. If the number is consistently 10 to 15. which can be refined to no end. Your mock test scores will also indicate that. The larger trick lies in picking the sitters from other areas. at the cost of sounding clichéd. Better still. and scoring heavily in areas of strength. Go through previous CAT papers to find out how many questions are coming from that area. The surface-level questions. which you cannot solve. so the criterion of reasonable time investment per question has to be kept in mind. if you are clueless about a question after investing two minutes even in your area of strength. say a pull. You probably invest maximum time in solving problems in this area. using which he scores most of his runs. 4. To further bolster your areas of strength. If it is lesser then you need to identify another such area of strength. Everyone has few of these areas. but the mastery over these few shots is such that he rarely leaves an opportunity to score using them. there are other battles to be fought. . flick and cut. the operating logic is simple. and can be explained using an analogy drawn from cricket.fundamentals swiftly. However there is a caveat: no matter how good you are in one particular sphere. Then one should invest time in questions from one’s areas of strength. You really need to introspect and cogitate to discover your areas of strength and further groom them to become your ‘milch cows’. Now again. develop and hone your areas of strength in the same way. Statistically. your accuracy is also highest for such topics. He is only average with other shots. start modifying and altering questions from them after solving them. 2. I may add that mastering quantitative aptitude is not a fixed rigid goal but a process. if any. try to frame your own questions in areas of strength. and also enjoy it. The logic is simple. while attempting the actual paper or mock tests. there still could be questions. Invest more time in solving difficult questions from these areas of strength. 3. Leave it. The exercise of framing one's own questions is very helpful in further mastery. You also need to identify. It could be number system or geometry or algebra. Applying patience and perseverance can help you in achieving this task. People who are really good at quantitative aptitude are those who have got a larger number of areas of strength and keep on adding more to their repertoire. In the end. then you are on the right track. should be done in round one. Every batsman has few pet shots.

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