Invention and Patent Services

Co-Crafting Inventions

Invention and Patent Services
Services
Crafitti’s TRIZ based Patent Related Services
     Basic Patent Analysis using well-established TRIZ methodology (Level of Invention, Contradictions and Inventive Principles) Advanced Patent Analysis using TRIZ with Contradictions, Laws of Technical Evolution, Ideality, Function analysis and Knowledge Effects Technological Alternatives Study (TAS) on a Patent Valuation of a Patent using Scenario Planning, TRIZ and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Patent Portfolio Management using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

© Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

Advanced Patent Analysis using TRIZ and Other Techniques
Patents are the most comprehensive source of information and knowledge. In the rapidly globalizing world of continuous change and cut-throat competition, every enterprise searches for competitive advantage. Patent information although realized by many as highly critical is not really tapped by enterprises at large, simply as the understanding of patents as a source of information and trigger for inventing the “next” is still in infancy.

Although there are many open tools and databases
Assignee

visualization of patent data, there doesn’t seem to be
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enough awareness of using patents for inventing the
IPC Class

“next”!

US Class

Genrikh Altshuller, a Soviet Union naval patent officer after
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Second World War, started a systematic study of patents –
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his aim was to find out what makes a successful invention.

Can there be an algorithm for inventing? His search led him to develop a unique methodology called Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (acronym TRIZ in Russian). In the process he also developed a systematic methodology to analyze and study patents. TRIZ discovered technological evolutionary laws that surprisingly can be used to predict the future of an invention.

Crafitti Consulting has developed on the TRIZ way of doing patent analysis and reinforced it with other techniques to build a comprehensive framework for Patent analysis. For the first time this framework is offered in India. The framework is based on following high level techniques       Understanding the level of an invention and a patent Finding out the key contradictions the invention is solving Function Diagrams/analysis of a patent/invention to make it more robust Pruning or Trimming as a means of inventing Technological Evolutionary Paths of the Invention System Complexity Estimation

© Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

The framework helps in     Finding Technological Alternatives to a Patent Writing Future-proof claims of a Patent Understanding the evolution of an invention compared to prior art Finding white space in a field to leverage

Basic Patent Analysis using well-established TRIZ methodology (Level of Invention, Contradictions and Inventive Principles)
5 Levels of Inventions
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Read the Abstract – Identify the Key Element of Invention
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Level 5 (<0.3%) Level 4 (< 4%)
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• Pioneering Invention – based on newly discovered phenomenon • Pushing existing technology to a higher level • Revolutionary

• New System Developed • Interdisciplinary solutions • Replacing old technology with New

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Level 3 (19%) Level 2 (45%)

• Radical change or elimination of one principal system component • One Engineering Discipline • Resolution of a physical contradiction

• Slight Modification of the system • Knowledge from different areas within the industry • Resolution of a technical contradiction

Identify the sentence where the key invention is mentioned? Can you also identify the function or effect produced by the invention?
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Level 1 (32%)
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• A simple improvement • Knowledge within the trade • No system conflicts are resolved

© Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd.

March 1, 2009

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After studying and analyzing more than 2.5 Million Patents and Inventions, TRIZ has categorized patents
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into 5 levels of inventions. 77% of these fall under simple modifications or improvements. TRIZ

Claim 2

Claim 6

Claim 3 Claim 5
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Claim 4

Claim 8 Claim 9

describes a lens to find out where is on these levels
Claim 7

is the patent/invention. A Level 4 Invention is real diamond, but rare. Further TRIZ process helps in finding out what key problems the invention is solving – if the invention solves a contradiction it becomes interesting from the point of view of its

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increasing strength. Further, TRIZ identified 40

Inventive principles used by inventors. The basic patent analysis gives the level of the invention, contradictions

© Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

solved by the invention and inventive principles used by the invention. It also gives guidelines on possible principles that could also be used. This is a very powerful input for the inventors to reinforce their inventions.

Advanced Patent Analysis using well-established TRIZ methodology (Laws of Evolution, ideality, function analysis, knowledge effects)
Besides the basic analysis, the advanced analysis provides a mapping of patent on 8 the laws and lines of evolution defined by TRIZ. A claims hierarchy provides the independent and dependent claims to study the protection given in the patent. A detailed report including contradictions, claims hierarchy, lines of evolution mapping and list of documents for current relevant art is also presented.

TECHNOLOGICAL ALTERNATIVE STUDY ON A PATENT Objectives and Process
The objective of a Technological Alternative Study (TAS) is to analyze a given Patent and explore various ways in which the invention described in the patent can be transformed to next levels in its evolution. Crafitti Consulting Private Limited (http://www.crafitti.com) uses the methodology of TRIZ and own propriety techniques to help domain experts generate technological

alternatives to a patent. There are four main phases of this study and it is always carried out with the domain experts from client organization. © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

Phase I: Patent study and analysis

A comprehensive search for Patents and other documents in and around the patent is carried out. This involves study of forward and backward citations of the patent as well as other state of the art documents. The patent of interest is studied comprehensively and analyzed to find key contradictions identified or solved by the patent. This phase also provides a mapping of patent on 8 the laws and lines of evolution defined by TRIZ. A claims hierarchy provides the independent and dependent claims to study the protection given in the patent. A detailed report including contradictions, claims hierarchy, lines of evolution mapping and list of documents for current relevant art is also presented.

Phase II: Preliminary ideation

Based on the analysis of patent and current state of art, preliminary first level ideation is conducted in house or in collaboration with the client domain experts. In this process, TRIZ Inventive Principles, Lines of system evolution and system complexity estimator is used to generate possible ideas to transform and develop the invention towards a more ideal system.

Phase III: Collective brainstorm in a workshop setting

Based on analysis report and preliminary ideation report, a solution generation brainstorm is conducted in a workshop setting. This involves usage of all tools and information generated during previous phases of the study.

 Phase IV: Solution evaluation and final report submission
Using the methodology of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) solution directions are rank ordered and a final report is submitted which list solutions that are closer to ideality.

Patent Valuation and Patent Portfolio Management
Crafitti uses a comprehensive, propriety methodology based on Scenario Planning, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and TRIZ to provide a robust patent, invention and venture valuation. Further, these methods are used in a hand-in-glove consulting process with our clients for patent portfolio strategy and management. © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

About Crafitti
Crafitti Consulting is an innovation consulting firm in the business, science and technology space. Crafitti uses a co-crafting approach to facilitate innovation in various enterprise contexts with the help of powerful frameworks, techniques and tools, honed over the years through research, experimentation and grassroots application.

How do we work with our co-crafters?
The CRAFITTI engagement includes processes to explore any system through our science based proprietary frameworks developed over a period of almost 2 decades of experimentation, exploration and evaluation. The process steps include mining Patent and web based information in a particular field to provide large number of triggers in multitude of directions for the Inventive minds to come out with large number of ideas for developing products, processes and patents in the chosen technical field. The Co-crafting Innovation methodology results in a large number of possible ideas that can be converted for commercial benefits in very quick time. Starting from the vague information about the technological area to look into, the Co-Crafting Innovation process rapidly penetrates through the barriers of psychological inertia in the minds of experts, to create insights into the problems that have hitherto been not possible. The systematic way to convert the unidirectional thinking along the core competencies of the experts in the fields into multi-dimensional storms of ideas in a limited amount of time is the greatest benefit that the clients have achieved through the Co-Crafting Innovation Engagements.

Contact Details

© Crafitti Consulting Private Limited www.crafitti.com CRAFITTI CONSULTING IS INCUBATED AT NSRCEL @ Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

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