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Horizontal or Vertical?
independent engineering consulting services
Horizontal or Vertical?
RAND AL FERMAN
NOV EMBER 7 , 2 0 1 1
5 C OMMENT S
Horizontal or Vertical?
In selecting a pump for a given application there is sometimes the option of choosing either a vertical or a horizontal shaft pump arrangement. For instance, in a process plant certain product transfer applications might be performed by a can-type vertical pump, or a vertical in-line pump, or a horizontal process pump. Large capacity cooling water applications are often served by either a vertical mixed-flow or axial flow bowl-type pump or a horizontal between bearings double suction pump.
close clearance bearings.8/16/13 Horizontal or Vertical? Vertical rotor orientation The choice of a vertical can-type pump is often dictated by the necessity to raise the NPSH available by virtue of the added static liquid head above the first stage impeller. on an oil production platform. With vertical lineshaft type of pump. Depending on the known presence of abrasives in the pumped product a shaft enclosing tube may be selected for conveyance of clean water or lubricant to the bearings. Where available site real estate is scarce such as onboard ship. Other bearing lubrication options such as clean water or grease injection are possible. or are fitted with a separate “thrust pot” bearing unit located above the seal or packed stuffingbox. Often the lineshaft bearings are product lubricated. A practical advantage of the vertical can and the vertical open pit pump types is that the submerged pumping element is always primed. Vertical diffuser bowl pumps have inherent radial thrust balance and radial bearing loads are minimal. or in below ground structures. only the upper portion of shafting is guided by precision. Vertical lineshaft pumps have oil or grease lubricated bearings in the driver. The balance of bearings below the seal are bushings with a liberal running clearance which are relatively incapable of sustaining continuous. vertical pumps may be an attractive option. The bearing arrangement for a vertical lineshaft type pump is fundamentally different than that of other vertical or horizontal type pumps. heavy radial loading. ekwestrel.com/horizontal-or-vertical/horizontal-or-vertical 2/6 . Common to vertical pump types generally is the minimal floor plan area required for the installation.
diagnostic and maintenance purposes. Many. or the complete internals of the pump is vitally important for safety. specification and engineering stages using appropriate selection of materials and engineering analysis to avoid structural resonance or rotor instability. Some users prefer a horizontal pump. or dry pit vertical pump installation for complete. Vertical lineshaft pumps are. The shaft sizing and bearing arrangement is designed to a very low value of deflection at the seal within the preferred operating range of the pump. ekwestrel. ready access to the seal. Between bearings type pumps. Shaft deflection at the seal or stuffingbox is minimal which is desirable for seal or packing longevity.8/16/13 Horizontal or Vertical? Horizontal rotor orientation Some users express a strong preference for a horizontal pump arrangement based on unsatisfactory reliability experience with vertical pumps. of these pumps rely upon a combination of both the external bearing support and internal hydrodynamic support of the rotor to prevent rotor to stator contact. if not most. This may be the deciding factor for severe or harsh duty pumping applications or where the consequences of unexpected pump failure can be costly. Common to a large segment of both vertical and horizontal pump types is a cantilevered-type shaft with externally lubricated bearings. But shaft midspan deflection may be a substantial percentage of the internal running clearance. full access to the pump and driver. the coupling. The majority of these are the horizontal overhung pump and vertical in-line pump types. the bearings. support the shaft between two externally lubricated bearings. Bearings for these pump types are most often precision rolling element type bearings with oil lubrication. more prone to bearing wear and vibration problems.com/horizontal-or-vertical/horizontal-or-vertical 3/6 . In many hydrocarbon and chemical pump applications. This shaft deflection can increase substantially depending on stator arrangement the operating flow relative to Best Efficiency Point flow. most often horizontal. Reliability problems with vertical lineshaft-type pumps can usually be avoided at the selection. These problems are related to the fact that virtually every vertical pump shipped is structurally and mechanically unique. in fact.
But there is another issue with vertical pumps. Comments Saurabh Sharma says: December 7. GO About Randal Ferman I have more than 35 years’ experience in the pump industry. The pump is then started and then the compressed air is withdrawn and gradually the guide vanes are opened. P U MP S . hydraulic design. Good to hear from you again. In 2009. thus depressing the water below the runner. then what should be the scheme of start-up operations since there are no guide vanes to be closed? Reply Randal Ferman says: December 9. A few queries: As you say. D OU BLE S U C T ION P U MP . 2011 at 6:17 pm Thanks for the informative post Randy Sir. ENGINEERING C ONS U LT ING. For this. HORIZ ONT AL P U MP S . HORIZ ONT AL P ROC ES S P U MP . the adjustable Guide vanes are closed and then compressed air is pushed into the pump. field technical services. Large pump-turbines are started in the pumping mode by depressing the water in the draft tube (using compressed air) below the impeller level so that the intial power drawn is smaller. P U MP ENGINEERING C ONS U LT ING. In case. ENGINEERING C ONS U LT ING S ERV IC ES . V ERT IC AL P U MP S LinkedIn 3 Twitter Facebook Google +1 SUBSCRIBE NOW! Subscribe to receive the latest technical articles and be notified of upcoming webinars.com/horizontal-or-vertical/horizontal-or-vertical 4/6 . providing independent. ekwestrel.. IN-LINE P U MP . 2011 at 6:58 pm Sharma. During my 32 years with Flowserve.8/16/13 Horizontal or Vertical? There are advantages and disadvantages inherent in either horizontal or vertical pump arrangements. ENTER YOUR EMAIL AD D RESS. a global pump manufacturer. FIRS T S T AGE IMP ELLER.. training and product development involving a broad range of pump types and applications. I was responsible for assignments in order engineering. Neither type should be dismissed out of hand – each type should be considered objectively. objective engineering consulting services on new and existing pumping equipment and systems. vertical pumps are generally always primed. a conventional pump of a very large capacity (of the order of 100 MW input power) with a fixed diffuser (and not adjustable guide vanes) is being designed. Connect with me on LinkedIn here. I became a fulltime principal of Ekwestrel Corp in Los Angeles. Share this: FILED U ND ER: P U MP S T AGGED : AXIAL FLOW P U MP . what would be the best start-up method? Is water depression really required? If yes.
Randy Reply Visita says: July 12. Best regards. Reply Speak Your Mind Name * Email * Website ekwestrel. I can only imagine that a submerged start-up arrangement could also be applied to the subject large scale pump. Conventional submerged start procedures are used for all other types of pumps that are normally submerged at start-up. Reply Visitar Pagina says: July 25.8/16/13 Horizontal or Vertical? I do not have experience with large pump-turbine start-up procedures. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. 2013 at 11:59 pm Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the rest of the site is also very good. Please keep us up to date like this. but this website presents quality based content. It will serve you best to find someone who has direct experience with this class of machine. Reply Hier Klicken says: July 16. as far as I’m aware. Thank you for sharing. 2013 at 4:21 am I go to see daily a few sites and websites to read posts. 2013 at 9:08 pm It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info.com/horizontal-or-vertical/horizontal-or-vertical 5/6 .
8/16/13 Horizontal or Vertical? Post Comment Notify me of follow-up comments by email.com/horizontal-or-vertical/horizontal-or-vertical 6/6 . © COPYRIGHT 2012 EKWESTREL CORP · ALL RIGHTS RESERVED · THEME DESIGN STREAMLINE THEME ekwestrel.