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Note from the Editor

Benjamin Dougherty
All that exists, as contemplated by the human mind, forms one large system or complex fact, and this of course resolves itself into an indefinite number of particular facts, which, as being portions of a whole, have countless relations of every kind, one towards another. Knowledge is the apprehension of these facts, whether in themselves, or in their mutual positions and bearings. And, as all taken together from one integral subject for contemplation, so there are no natural or real limits between part and part; one is ever running into another. —John Henry Cardinal Newman With these words, John Henry Cardinal Newman defended a vision of knowledge pursued by the true and Catholic university. Each separate faculty is responsible for contributing in a greater effort toward truth. Welcome to the 2005/2006 Journal of Undergraduate Research. The aim of this publication is to collect, vet, and circulate outstanding academic work of students in the College of Arts and Letters. In the endeavor to gain truth, no department in the College stands alone. The editorial staff of the JUR has selected works of student research from across the College. The coincidental publication of these essays reflects the spirit of our collective inquiry into knowledge. As the quality of students’ work usually remains unnoticed, hidden in the classroom, the JUR hopes to reveal, and thus further encourage, achievement in the vein of research writing. !

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Acknowledgments
The JUR editorial staff expresses its sincerest appreciation for the assistance and dedication of Vicki Toumayan, Assistant Dean in the College of Arts and Letters. The expertise and insight of Roque Strew, general consultant and designer, brought to the journal a distinctive measure of professionalism. We thank him profusely. Likewise our gratitude rests with all other individuals in the College who so happily and generously contributed to the publication.

Editorial Board 2005-06
Gary Barnabo '08 Joseph Boyle '06 Brian Carlisle '07 Adrian Chiu '07 Kathryn Coniglio '06 Kelly Czaja '07 Benjamin Dougherty '06 Megan Eckerle '06 Morgan Ertel '06 Kerrie Glass '06 Christina Javier-Torres '08 Ben Kemmy '07 Justin Kohley '06 Ashley Lucchese '06 Theodore Martin '07 Candace Meade '08 Robert Melly '08 Laura Miller '08 Joseph Minta '06 Jessica Morton '08 Rachel Mulligan '08 Regina Grace Muscarello '07 Eileen Nutting '06 Elizabeth Pappano '06 Diana Rdzanek '06 Ray Schleck '07 Paul Spadafora '08 Kathleen Sullivan '08 Noelle Teske '06 Mark Thomas '06 Meg Towle '07 Corinne Viglietta '06 Political Science Philosophy Economics Psychology ALPp, Psychology English Program of Liberal Studies Program of Liberal Studies English, Gender Studies Psychology Political Science, Italian Program of Liberal Studies Political Science Political Science, Spanish Political Science Anthropology, Psychology Philosophy, Mechanical Engineering Psychology, English Philosophy, Mathematics English ALPp, Program of Liberal Studies English, Philosophy, Spanish Math, Philosophy ALPp, Program of Liberal Studies Program of Liberal Studies, FTT Philosophy, Political Science Anthropology, Psychology English, Political Science Philosophy, Psychology Philosophy and Theology, Music Anthropology, Peace Studies English, French

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