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Volume 98, Number 2 Fall 1998

Orientation and training requirements for new employees
New logging employees come with a wide range of experience. Orientation and training must be completed before an employee begins work and must be provided at no cost to the employee. Initial orientation and training can be adjusted to meet the needs of the individual employee based on previous experience. Training provided by a previous employer may count, but the new employer must maintain documentation stating the employee has received training. Even then, the new employer should complete at least minimal training in all required areas so employees are exposed to methods, procedures and hazards unique to the job. Page three lists specific safety training requirements for new logging employees. New employees, continued on page 3

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry
443 Lafayette Road North, St. Paul, MN 55155

The view from here
by: Ed LaFavor, LogSafe Coordinator Weather. Minnesotans have a saying that if you don’t like the weather, wait 30 minutes and it will change. This year, a warm, virtually snow-free winter made it difficult to work in areas such as swamps and winter roads that didn’t freeze down. Many loggers worked on their summer timber sales instead. The early Spring gave loggers dry ground to work on, but June brought several serious storms that again interfered with logging work. Seminars. Fall means another opportunity to attend LogSafe seminars. The 14 seminars conducted this Spring were attended by 879 loggers. To lower class size, attendees were offered a choice of one day or the other, instead of having to attend both days. It was a success. Last year, Bemidji had the most attendees at 212, but with the new system in place, Bemidji had 122 attendees the first day and 93 the second. This format will continue to be used for future seminars. Another change at the Spring seminars was the CPR certification. Certification has been lengthened to two years. This will allow attendees to take a variety of classes in place of a yearly CPR class. We hope to offer fresh new training topics every year, with CPR, first aid and chainsaw classes offered each year. We are currently working on videos that cover some new training topics, as well. Safety first. The man on the ground is still the one that gets hurt or killed in our industry. With more mechanization taking place in the logging industry, chainsaws are used less often. This can make workers more vulnerable to accidents. Chainsaw techniques can get rusty and safe work practices may be forgotten or ignored. Last winter, two loggers died in Minnesota. One was cutting down a tree, the other was struck by a logging truck. Keep alert when logging and always remember to log safe.

Logger nearly electrocuted from overhead power line
A logger was nearly electrocuted while loading pulp logs June 26, 1998. The log pile was close to a power line and as he loaded the logs, some rolled toward the power line out of reach of the grapple. The loader operator had a second driver back the trailer towards the logs. He stayed on top of his center mount loader with the boom up in the air. As the driver backed up, the boom struck the power line and the front tires of the tractor started on fire. The driver was shocked by the power line. The loader operator moved the loader boom and broke
LogSafe Newsletter

the contact with the power line. The driver recovered from a near miss that could have cost him his life. The following unsafe work practices contributed to this accident: √ Wood should not have been decked so close to the power line. √ The truck should not have been moved with the boom raised. √ Extreme caution was not used around power lines.
2 Fall 1998

Orientation and training requirements for new employees
continued from page 1 Minimum safety training for loggers includes: n Safe performance of assigned tasks, including, but not limited to: personal protective equipment, seat belt use, first-aid kits, fire extinguishers, environmental conditions, hand and audible signals, overhead electrical hazards, and flammable and combustible liquids. n Safe use, operation and maintenance of tools, machines, and vehicles, including equipment operating and maintenance instructions, warnings and precautions. n Recognition of safety and health hazards in the logging industry and the employee’s specific tasks and work area, including measures and practices to control these hazards. n The employer’s specific procedures, practices and requirements. Training must be presented in a manner the employee is able to understand. Documentation of training is required, including names of all employees trained, date(s) the training was performed, and the signature of the trainer or employer and the employee. It is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that employees can safely perform all assigned tasks. If you need more information about safety training requirements for loggers, contact Workplace Safety Consultation at (651) 297-2393 or (800) 657-3776.
Portions reprinted with permission from the American Pulpwood Association, Inc., Loss Control Overview, June 1998.

Logging in the 21st century
By now, everyone has heard the dire warnings about Year 2000 (Y2K) computer glitches that might cause the mass shutdown of the electronic world. The problem is easy to understand and there is good reason for concern. Computer chips and programs that calculate or validate the last two numbers of the millennium year “00” as the year 1900 instead of 2000 will malfuncation or fail unless the chips are replaced and/or software is updated. Unfortunately, the millennium bug is more than a simple computer problem. Billions of computer chips are installed in equipment worldwide. Traffic signals, ATMs, medical devices, elevators, heating and cooling systems, and transportation may all be affected. It is easy to see that negative effects will be noticed even if only a small percentage of these devices fail. Business should be testing equipment now to ensure that data is processed and stored correctly so there will be no interruption in operations come Jan. 1, 2000. Logging professionals must also be concerned with Y2K compliance. Electronic safety equipment and the computer programs that support them need to be evaluated. Early planning will help make Jan. 1, 2000 the start of a safe and happy new year.
– Sue Willinger, Y2K Project Coordinator – Rob McGinn, OMT Director

LogSafe Newsletter


Fall 1998

Bulldozer operator killed in rollover accident
An experienced self-employed bulldozer operator/logger had been logging on his own property. His small bulldozer was equipped with a rollover protective structure (ROPS), but the operator was not wearing his seatbelt. At dusk, the operator was smoothing out the pathway and filling in uneven areas. As the operator backed across the pathway, the bulldozer faced uphill and at a slight angle. The treads went over a slight drop-off past the pathway’s edge. The soft dirt gave way and caused the bulldozer to overturn and roll downhill several times. The operator was thrown from the bulldozer and it rolled, crushing him underneath. The operator was killed instantly due to multiple crushing injuries.

Prevention: n Heavy equipment operators should wear a seatbelt to keep them within the protected zone of the ROPS in the event of a rollover. n Operators should use extra caution when using heavy equipment on steep terrain. n Logging equipment should not be used when available light is inadequate to assess terrain or other hazards.

Falling limbs injure logger working alone
A 41-year-old logger had worked in the woods several years and had received formal safety training but did not use the techniques he learned. He was working a fowarder and decided to cut trees in order to finish his load. He heard trucks coming and was in a hurry to finish felling a tree before they arrived. The logger decided not to bother directionally felling the tree he wanted to finish, because the area was almost clear. When the tree started to come down, it fell through a nearby dead tree, causing the dead tree to snap back and throw off broken limbs. Some of the limbs hit the worker in the shoulder. He was immobilized and was not found for two hours, despite calling out to other workers. He spent two days in the hospital and was off work for six weeks. His injuries consisted of severe bruises, but could easily have been broken bones.
LogSafe Newsletter

Prevention: n Before felling trees, always conduct an appraisal of potential hazards and “fell, remove, or avoid” before felling adjacent trees. n Determine a safe direction of fall. Before begining to fell any tree, plan and clear an escape path. n Use good directional felling techniques; create a notch and backcut, leaving sufficient hinge to help guide the tree to the ground. n Always wear personal protective equipment when felling trees; hard hat, eye and hearing protection and chainsaw-resistant leg and foot protection. n Work within visible or audible contact of another woods worker.
4 Fall 1998

The Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry in cooperation with Lumberman’s Underwriting Alliance The Minnesota Timber Producers’ Association Associated Contract Loggers

October 13* October 14* October 15 October 20 October 21* October 22* International Falls Brainerd Eveleth Grand Rapids Bemidji Cloquet Holiday Inn — Highway 71 Holiday Inn — 2115 S. Sixth Street Holiday Inn — Highway 53 Sawmill Inn — 2301 Pokegama Northern Inn — Highway 2 West Cloquet Forestry Center 175 University Road

* Minnesota Loggers Education Program (MLEP) will be conducting evening classes for loggers at these same locations, from 6 to 8:30 p.m. This schedule will help those who must travel to LogSafe workshops to attend both programs. Note: Southern Minnesota loggers will be notified individually of the dates and locations of training. Participants only have to attend one full-day session.

Date Location
Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ _(___)___________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ _(___)___________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ _(___)___________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ _(___)___________________

Company Street City Phone (

State )


Detach and return to:

LogSafe — Labor and Industry 443 Lafayette Road North St. Paul, MN 55155 (651) 297-2393

Photocopy form to register additional employees.

LogSafe Newsletter


Fall 1998

The Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry in cooperation with Lumberman’s Underwriting Alliance The Minnesota Timber Producers’ Association Associated Contract Loggers


8:30 a.m.

Track I CPR/Refresher

Track II Chainsaw safety

Track III begins with afternoon session

10:15 a.m.


12 p.m. - 1 p.m.


1 p.m.

First-Aid Refresher

Mechanized Safety

Right to Know Claims Management OSHA Inspections

4 p.m.


This information can be made available in alternative formats by calling the Department of Labor and Industry at (800) 342-5354 or (651) 297-4198/TTY. If you need an accommodation to enable you to fully participate in this event, please contact Ed LaFavor at (888) 234-1217 or (651) 297-4198/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter


Fall 1998

Lyme disease vaccine available soon


Occupational hazard for loggers

A federal advisory panel unanimously recommended May 26 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approve LYMErix, the first vaccine guarding against Lyme disease, while urging SmithKline Beecham to continue testing it. The company tested the vaccine for more than 20 months on 10,936 volunteers between the ages of 15 and 70. After the original injection and two additional boosters were administered over a period of 12 months, the vaccine was deemed 90 percent effective in protecting subjects under the age of 65. A test by a different lab found protection to be 100 percent for subjects under age 60. It is still undetermined at what intervals additional boosters will be required to maintain a subject’s resistance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Lyme program warns against complacency, affirming that even those who have been vaccinated should take the usual precautions against tick-borne diseases, such as repellents, protective clothing and “at least daily” tick surveillance and removal.

Even ticks can be an occupational hazard for loggers. At least once a year, the wood tick seems to be responsible for another disease, ailment, or itch. The most widely known plague of the wood tick is the familiar, “Lyme disease.” The north-central states, especially Minnesota and Wisconsin, are among states with the highest reported incidence of the disease. Facts and Fiction • Ticks search for host animals (including humans) from tips of grasses and shrubs (not from trees) and transfer to animals or persons that brush against vegitation. They crawl and are not able to fly or jump. • Ticks feed on blood by inserting their mouth parts (not their whole bodies) into the skin of a host animal. • There is no evidence tht a person can get Lyme disease from the air, food, water, sexual contact, or directly from wild or domestic animals or other insects. Symptoms and signs Early stages of Lyme disease are usually marked by one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, chills and fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, and a characteristic rash. This red, circular patch appears three days to one month after the bite of an infected tick and often expands. Sometimes many patches appear at once, commonly in the thigh, groin, trunk and armpit areas. Arthritis is another sign. It is most likely to appear as a brief bout of pain and swelling usually in one or more large joints, especially the knees. Nervous system abnormalities can include numbness, pain, Bell’s palsy (paralysis of the facial muscles, usually on one side) and meningitis (fever, stiff neck, and severe headache). Less frequently, irregularities of the heart rhythm occur. In some people, the rash never forms; in some, the first and only sign of Lyme disease is arthritis; and in others, nervous system problems are the only evidence of Lyme disease. Early identification is important in preventing chronic, serious problems from this disease. If any of these symptoms occur after recent exposure to tick environments, see a physician as soon as possible.
7 Fall 1998

Reprinted with permission from the APA Pulpwood Highlights, June 1998.

LogSafe Newsletter

LogSafe Program Workplace Safety Consultation 200 Logs/Posters (800) 657-3776 (651) 284-5060 (800) 657-3776 (651) 296-1096 (800) DIAL-DLI (202) 219-4667 (651) 297-3000 (800) 652-9747 (800) DIAL-DLI (800) 342-5354

Did you know?
First-aid kit requirements for logging operations are listed in 29 CFR 1910.266 (d)(2) and its Appendix A. The federal Logging Operations standard, which includes this section, is enforced by Minnesota OSHA. Minnesota OSHA encourages an annual review of kit contents and the inclusion of additional items not listed, depending upon the specific nature of your worksite.

Fed Publications MN Rules

Work Comp Hotline

Minnesota OSHA Offices St. Paul 443 Lafayette Rd. N. (651) 284-5050 St. Paul, MN 55155

Duluth (218) 723-4678 5 N. Third Avenue W. Suite 402 Duluth, MN 55802 Mankato (507) 389-6501 410 Jackson St. #110 Mankato, MN 56001

LogSafe is now online. Please visit our web site:
LogSafe is a publication of the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Its purpose is to help the logging industry establish and maintain safe and healthy work environments. This newsletter can be made available in alternative formats by calling 1-800-DIAL-DLI or 651-297-4196/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter


Fall 1998
Bulk Rate U.S. Postage PAID Permit No. 171 St. Paul, MN

Communications Office 443 Lafayette Road North St. Paul, MN 55155