Volume 00, Number 2

Fall 2000

Liquid petroleum gas safety
One of the Fall 2000 LogSafe seminar topics is how to safely use liquid petroleum gas (LP gas).The session covers what LP gas is, why it is a great fuel to use and what people do with LP gas that makes it hazardous to their health and well-being. The class, which was well-received by all in attendance at the Spring 2000 LogSafe seminars, describes the various fuel gases, like methane (natural gas), ethane, propane and butane, and reviews the fuel gases’ atomic structure, history and industry use. The instructor, Bill Kelner of Grand Rapids, Minn., captivates the class’ attention with stories of his 49 years of experience in the gas industry. Kelner shares his insight on LP gas accident investigations and his acquired knowledge from serving as president of the National Propane Association and his current position as chairman of the National Propane Safety Council. This class features information that can be used both on the job and at home. So, if you missed the spring session, please register for the fall session. Some of the topics covered in the seminar are: Propane Propane has unique characteristics that make it very easy to use. At 44 degrees below zero, it is stable with zero pressure and at 130 degrees above zero it produces about 200 pounds per square inch (PSI). At 60 degrees it produces 100 PSI. This makes propane useable in almost any location in the world. As the temperature of propane rises it expands, this is what makes the pressure rise. When a tank of propane is filled, there must be enough space left in the tank to allow for expansion. This expansion is figured into the tanks, so a tank filled in Tower, Minn. at 43 degrees below zero and taken to Saudi Arabia will not explode. The class covers what can happen by overfilling a tank by even one percent at 60 degrees
LP gas safety, continued on page 3

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry
443 Lafayette Road N., St. Paul, MN 55155 LogSafe newsletter 1 Fall 2000

The view from here
Notes from Ed LaFavor, LogSafe coordinator

One year ago, Boise Cascade’s International Falls paper mill was the first employer in Minnesota to receive the prestigious Minnesota STAR (MNSTAR) award from the Minnesota Occupational Safety and Health Administration (MNOSHA). MNSTAR is modeled after the federal OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) that recognizes companies where managers and employees work together to develop safety and health management systems that go beyond basic compliance with all applicable OSHA standards and result in immediate and long-term prevention of job-related injuries and illnesses. To gain this recognition, a company must have an exemplary safety and health record and there must be equal commitment on both management and employee sides of the workforce. The process from start to finish in an exhaustive one that requires a wall-to-wall inspection process, interviews with employees and a thorough review of the company’s safety and health policies. Many Minnesota wood mills have applied for MNSTAR status. Some are in the middle of the process and others are scheduled to begin soon. With the recent acquisition of some mills by larger companies, it is expected that the new owners will also apply for MNSTAR recognition. Some already have other locations in the federal OSHA VPP program in other areas of the country. The MNSTAR program gives a company exemption from scheduled MNOSHA Compliance inspections for three years. There are numerous criteria a company must maintain to stay in this program. One of these markers involves monitoring the safety and health policies and incidents of contractors performing work for the company. Most loggers that maintain a contract to sell timber products to a mill, would be included in this contractor area.
LogSafe newsletter 2

Federal OSHA is in the second year of its fiveyear strategic plan, which ends in 2003. Logging is one of the five targeted industries in this emphasis program. Federal OSHA’s goal is to achieve a 15 percent reduction in injuries to the targeted industries. During the five years, Federal OSHA will conduct outreach training, consultations and enforcement activities to achieve this goal. In August, the Forest Resource Association (formerly the American Pulpwood Association) announced in its newsletter that Federal OSHA is undertaking intensive logging operations compliance audits. One of the items being cited is the lack of chainsaw-cut-resistant footwear. In 1995, Federal OSHA gave an interpretation that traditional, single-layer, heavy-duty logger boots composed of leather or rubber would meet the standard. Federal OSHA compliance officers are now insisting chainsaw operators wear logging boots with cut-resistant material. Federal OSHA’s stricter view of the language in the 1995 regulation seems to reflect the wider availability of cutresistant logging boots in today’s market. During the next three years, your chance of having a MNOSHA Compliance inspection are very good. The experience could be positive or negative, depending on the condition of your workplace environment. To avoid any surprises, you can schedule a free consultation visit. Consultations will be conducted by a person familiar with your industry and OSHA’s Logging Operations Standard. For more information, call Ed LaFavor at 1-888-234-1217. In the meantime, LogSafe.
Fall 2000

LP gas safety, continued from page 1

and then letting that tank temperature rise to 100 degrees. Vapor explosions Vapor explosions can occur through the unsafe practice of heating a tank when the ambient outside temperature is low and the internal tank pressure is low. Most of those attending the Spring 2000 LogSafe seminar admitted to doing this practice in the past. When the propane in the tank reaches a critical temperature, a boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE) occurs. Kelner displayed a damaged tank that was the result of a BLEVE from someone heating the tank. Combustion Complete and incomplete combustion is another seminar segment. Any fuel, when burned, needs the right amount of oxygen and heat to have complete combustion. Kelner uses the analogy of a chocolate cake. If you put some flour, milk, eggs, baking powder and oil into a bowl and stir it up, what you have is a bowl of goop. If you add heat to this bowl of goop, you bake a chocolate cake. If you take away some of the ingredients like half of the milk, what you have is an imperfect chocolate cake.

Paul Cyr, a federal OSHA logging advisor for the U.S. Department of Labor, visited Grand Rapids, Minn., in July to give an overview of the OSHA logging operations standard and discuss logger safety. Cyr stressed the importance of employees remaining at least two tree-lengths away from the tree being felled until it is safe to approach.

Combustion is the same process. If you don’t have enough oxygen or air, you will not have complete combustion because air is 20 percent oxygen and 80 percent nitrogen. Kelner demonstrates this According to Cyr, 70 percent of by using a molecule of air (20 percent oxygen, 80 percent nitrogen) all logging fatalities in 1997 occurred from contact with and a molecule of propane (C3-H8). When the two are burned, trees. Of that 70 percent, many carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen are produced. But if the oxygen of them were struck by falling is reduced, carbon monoxide is produced.
objects, such as trees or logs.

Ventilation Proper and inadequate ventilation and what causes carbon monoxide to be produced is also discussed. One example of this is when a chimney is restricted from venting to the outside, spillage of the combustion gases occurs. When these gases are recirculated through the combustion chamber, they then produce carbon monoxide. There “I’ve felled trees in the Northeast, the Northwest, in the are many reasons why a chimney may become restricted, such as Midwest and in the South,” Cyr chimney construction, the building may be too air tight or the use of said. “Although the terrain, the a fireplace may cause the chimney to invert its air flow.
Cyr also noted that selfemployed loggers make up one-third of employers in the logging industry and make up one-third of the death total. size of the tree and the species may differ, felling trees poses the same safety risks no matter where you go.”

Fall 2000 LogSafe seminar dates and registration information are on page 5 and 6.

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000

More loggers awarded safety grants
The Safety Grants Program is beginning to have more and more loggers take up its offer for matching grant money for safety equipment. The program offers all small businesses in high-hazard industries assistance with the cost of abatement projects that reduce the safety and health risks in the workplace. It matches the employer’s contribution dollar-for-dollar, up to $10,000 per project. The grant money comes from late-payment fines levied against Minnesota workers’ compensation insurers. In the past few years, Minnesota OSHA Workplace Safety Consultation has seen 25 logging operations apply for and receive safety grants for new equipment. The state contribution for these projects totaled $232,123. Employer contributions totaled $1,355,513. To qualify for a safety grant, employers must be covered by workers’ compensation insurance or be self-insured. The company must also have a qualified person conduct a safety survey of the worksite and identify the hazards. A qualified person could be an OSHA safety or health consultant, an insurance loss-control inspector or a private consultant. The survey must result in specific recommendations, such as providing new equipment, to abate the hazards. Eligible loggers can apply for a grant to help them abate the hazards found during the safety survey, using the recommendations as the basis for their request. They can use the grant to purchase items such as feller bunchers, delimbers, fire extinguishers or personal protective gear.

Number of loggers receiving rebate remains stable
The number of loggers receiving a rebate in 1999 remained stable at 143 when compared to other years. The 1999 amount collected from assessments increased $10,000 from 1998 collections. However, the amount of reported payroll was up about $550,000, which resulted in a slight drop in the amount of rebate per payroll dollar.

Historical comparison: Loggers’ Safety Fund
1991 Mill assessments $786,907 Less: Logger safety programs $125,000 Work comp premium rebates $621,907 1992 $838,160 $125,000 $713,160 1993 $878,236 $125,000 $753,236 $4,829,601 $5,750 $462 $32,131 131 $0.156 1994 $899,070 $125,000 $774,070 $5,368,888 $5,734 $133 $36,763 135 $0.144 1995 $915,151 $125,000 $790,151 $5,538,879 $5,897 $119 $33,395 134 $0.143 1996 $884,340 $125,000 $759,340 $5,767,857 $5,385 $200 $37,273 141 $0.132 1997 $876,628 $125,000 $751,628 $6,462,230 $5,220 $122 $35,633 144 $0.116 1998 $872,753 $125,000 $747,753 $6,923,838 $5,193 $159 $34,641 144 $0.108 1999 $882,150 $125,000 $757,150 $7,472,732 $5,295 $76 $39,385 143 $0.101

Total reported payroll $3,194,618 $4,056,312 Average rebate $5,654 Smallest rebate $43 Largest rebate $27,283 Number of claims 110 Rebate per payroll $ $0.195 $6,148 $263 $31,789 116 $0.176

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000

Please affix sufficient postage here.

LogSafe Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry P.O. Box 392 Chisholm, MN 55719-0392

2000 Fall LogSafe seminars
October 17 October 18 October 19 October 24 October 25 October 26 International Falls Bemidji Brainerd Eveleth Grand Rapids Cloquet Holiday Inn, Highway 71 Northern Inn, Highway 2 West Holiday Inn, 2115 S. Sixth Street Best Inn, Highway 53 Sawmill Inn, 2301 Pokegama Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road

Note: Participants only have to attend one full-day seminar. Southern Minnesota: There will not be a seminar in Rochester this fall. Individual training can be arranged by contacting the LogSafe Program office.

LogSafe agenda
There will be three tracks offered at each LogSafe session: 1. CPR and first aid certification and recertification — All-day class for first-time training or recertification 2. Workers’ compensation system overview and liquid petroleum gas systems — All-day session about how the Minnesota workers’ compensation system operates and how liquid petroleum gas systems work Each seminar is 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. This free one-day event includes all resource and training materials and lunch.

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000

Seminar date Location

Company Address City Phone

__________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________State ZIP (______)___________________________________

Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone

_____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________
Photocopy form to register additional employees. Please return by mail (see reverse side) or send via fax at: (651) 284-5739.

This information can be made available in alternative formats by calling the Department of Labor and Industry at 1-800-342-5354 or (651) 297-4198/TTY. If you need an accommodation to enable you to fully participate in this event, please contact Ed LaFavor at 1-888-234-1217 or (651) 297-4198/TTY.

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000

Federal OSHA’s Web site features ‘logging advisor’

A great safety and health resource for all types of logging is available on federal OSHA’s Web site. The “logging technical advisor” is designed to provide expert assistance for businesses and workers seeking to comply with OSHA's logging standard — logging procedures are examined, OSHA regulations are explained, and links are provided to specific sections of the standard. Each Web page uses illustrations, tables and other graphics to add to the information. The logging advisor outlines the required and recommended work practices that can reduce logging hazards. Viewers can navigate through the advisor by clicking on the specific item displayed in the pictures or can go through the tutorial lessons contained in the user guide. The logging technical advisor displays a wide variety of topics about both manual and mechanical operations. For manual operations, the topics covered are: felling, loggers, limbing and bucking, yarding, log loading, vehicles, first aid and explosives. For mechanical operations, the topics covered are: feller bunchers and feller forwarders, grapple skidders, forwarders, processors/harvesters, operators, first aid and explosives. The logging technical advisor can be downloaded to any computer. Selected pages of the advisor information can also be viewed as a slide-show presentation using PowerPoint software.

This is a graphic from Federal OSHA’s logging technical advisor’s “Manual Operations” Web page. Businesses and workers seeking to comply with OSHA's logging standard can visit the Web site, click on a part of the picture, such as the logger holding a chainsaw, and get specific safety and health information about that area of logging.

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000

Minnesota OSHA Offices
St. Paul 1-877-470-OSHA 443 Lafayette Road N. (651) 284-5050 St Paul, MN 55155 Duluth 5 N. Third Ave. W. Suite 402 Duluth, MN 55802 (218) 723-4678

200 Logs/posters Fed publications MN Rules

(651) 296-1096 (202) 219-4667 (651) 297-3000 1-800-652-9747 1-800-DIAL-DLI 1-800-342-5354

Workers’ Comp Hotline LogSafe Program

Mankato (507) 389-6501 410 Jackson St., #520 Mankato, MN 56001 Workplace Safety Consultation 1-800-657-3776 (651) 284-5060


Address: LogSafe Program Ironworld Discovery Center Hwy. 169/P.O. Box 392 Chisholm, MN 55719-0392

Safety grant fells cost
Johnson Logging of Cannon Falls, Minn., recently purchased a new feller buncher with the assistance of a $10,000 safety grant from the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. For more information about the Safety Grants Program, see page 4.

LogSafe is online at www.doli.state.mn.us/logsafe.html.
LogSafe is a publication of the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Its purpose is to help the logging industry establish and maintain safe and healthy work environments. This newsletter can be made available in alternative formats by calling 1-800-DIAL-DLI or 651-297-4196/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter


Fall 2000
Bulk Rate U.S. Postage PAID Permit No. 171 St. Paul, MN

Communications Office 443 Lafayette Road N. St. Paul, MN 55155

LogSafe newsletter


Fall 2000