Volume 01, Number 1

Spring 2001

OSHA clarifies logging safety rules
Due to recent field inspections of logging jobs by OSHA, the Forest Resource Association (FRA) sought written clarification from OSHA’s Directorate of Compliance Programs about three confusing provisions of the Logging Operations Regulations. OSHA’s response to their inquiries are listed below: Chainsaw foot-protection What type of foot-protective devices will meet the OSHA standard for employees using chainsaws? Part of paragraph (d)(1)(v) at § 1910.266 (logging operations) states: “The employer shall assure that each employee who operates a chainsaw wears foot protection that is constructed with cutresistant material which will protect the employee against contact with a running chainsaw.” As such, any logger who operates a chainsaw must wear foot protection that is waterproof or water repellent and covers and provides support to the ankle. Additionally, the footwear must have a recognized cutresistant material (Kevlar™, Engtek™, Ballistic Nylon, etc.) built into the footwear, covering the footwear or worn as a sock inside the footwear, which will protect from the chain. If the footwear does not incorporate this type of material, then the footwear must provide equivalent cut-resistance to protect the foot from contact with a running saw chain. The footwear does not have to be approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory (NRTL). You can also find nonmandatory guidance at American National Standards Institute/American Society for Testing and Materials (ANSI/ASTM) F1818-1997, Standard Specification for Foot Protection for Chainsaw Users. FRA staff comments: Soon after the final rule about logging operations was promulgated six years
OSHA clarifies rules, continued on page 3

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry
443 Lafayette Road N., St. Paul, MN 55155 LogSafe newsletter 1 Spring 2001

The view from here
Notes from Ed LaFavor, LogSafe coordinator

As I look back on 2000, the logging industry was somewhat like the weather — full of changes. In Minnesota, we saw a number of mills change ownership. Across the nation, there were many ownership changes in the forest products industries. However, this practice was not limited just to the mills, the equipment manufacturers also joined in. Who would have ever thought John Deere would own Timberjack? As of this writing, AOL and Time Warner completed a merger to create a very large corporation. The prices that are paid for these acquisitions make me think there must be an awful lot of profit in the product or service they sell. These business practices make me wonder what the world will be like in 20 years. Timber Harvesting magazine recently published the results of its nationwide logger survey. The survey revealed 39 percent of the responding loggers were considering getting out of the logging business. The main reasons were the lack of profit, high business costs and operating in the red. One logger said that in the past, you could always see a light at the end of the tunnel, but that the tunnel looks pretty dark now. Many loggers talked about things they were doing to cut costs, these range from cutting wages, benefits, outside vendor repairs, contract trucking and others. The one thing I hope will not change, is the safety aspect of the job. Taking shortcuts or pushing for more production and letting safety slide to make more money, will cause more injuries and fatalities in our business. Hopefully, we will have a cool head, keep safety on the front burner and Logsafe. Fall Logsafe seminars added Last year, the LogSafe Program trained 1,100 loggers. With this large number of loggers being trained, I have been asked to add more seminars. There will be two more seminars added for the fall to meet these needs. To accomodate the loggers on the north shore, a seminar will be conducted Oct. 10, 2001, at Castle Danger, Minn. A second session will be added Dec. 20, 2001, at Ironworld Discovery Center, Chisholm, Minn. This second seminar will help train new employees that a logger may hire in late fall for the winter season. All 2001 Spring LogSafe seminar information can be found on pages 5 and 6 and the Minnesota Logger Education Program (MLEP) workshops are listed on page 7, so you can determine the locations and dates that will fit your schedule best.
LogSafe newsletter 2 Spring 2001

ago, OSHA officials told the American Pulpwood Association (now renamed the Forest Resource Association) that heavy-duty leather and rubber logging boots would be acceptable in meeting this provision due to the lack of cut-resistant foot protective products. This is no longer the case. Now, OSHA Compliance personnel will be checking for footwear made with cut-resistant material, as specified. OSHA does not require that the footwear meet or exceed the ANSI/ASTM F1818 performance standard for cut resistance, however, FRA recommends chainsaw operators look for protective footwear devices certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory (such as Underwriters Laboratories) to meet ANSI/ASTM F1818 Standard. Flammable-liquid containers What type(s) of containers may be used by chainsaw operators to carry chainsaw fuel in the field? Any container that is approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, such as Underwriters’ Laboratories, Factory Mutual, etc., or the Department of Transportation would be acceptable to OSHA. FRA staff comments: The final rule about logging operations in paragraph (d)(9)(i) reads, “Flammable and combustible liquids shall be stored, handled, transported and used in accordance with the requirements of subpart H of Part 1910.” Subpart H requires the Class B liquids, including chainsaw fuels, to be stored and transported in vented metal safety cans (for quantities of five gallons or more) that have been approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory such as Underwriters’ Laboratory. Some people had interpreted this to mean chainsaw operators would have to refuel their saws with these large vented “safety” cans, but this isn’t true. OSHA has confirmed that chainsaw operators are permitted to carry chainsaw fuel in any plastic or metal fuel container designed to carry 1B fuels and approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, having a maximum allowable size of five gallons. Backcut: creating a hinge What guidance can you provide for loggers maintaining sufficient hinge wood? Specifically, is it acceptable to bore the center of the hinge while maintaining hinge wood on both sides of the center bore? Part of paragraph (h)(2)(vi) of § 1910.266 states: The backcut shall leave sufficient hinge wood to hold the tree to the stump during most of its fall so that the hinge is able to guide the tree’s fall in the intended direction.” It is acceptable to bore out the center of the hinge with the chainsaw, either horizontally or at an angle down into the stump, as long as you leave sufficient hinge wood on both sides of the center bore to meet the requirements outlined above. FRA staff comments: OSHA has confirmed it is acceptable to bore out the center of the tree to protect the quality of the butt log by preventing fiber pull. Sufficient hinge wood must be maintained on both sides of the center bore cut to safely guide the tree to the ground. If you have further questions, contact the LogSafe Program at 1-888-234-1217 or the OSHA Logging Operations Web site at www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/logging_advisor/mainpage.html.
LogSafe newsletter 3 Spring 2001

Logger killed while cutting tree
A logger was killed Oct. 16, 2000, in the Menagha, Minn. area. The man had not come home at the end of the workday, so his wife went to look for him, but could not find him in the woods or in the surrounding area. The next morning she contacted the Wadena County Sheriff’s office and they went to look for him. They found the man in the woods, with a tree lying across his back. He was dead. The logger was cutting red pine trees and had started to cut one down. He then proceeded to cut another one instead. Possibly, he realized the first tree would get hung up if he continued, or the tree had fallen and was already hung up, and he was cutting the supporting tree. The second tree showed signs of being scared from the falling tree. He had started to cut the second tree, when the first tree came down, hitting him in the shoulders, pinning him. When he was found, the saw’s ignition switch was in the on position and the saw had run out of gas. The logger should have used the skidder to pull down the tree if it was hung-up. Loggers should never allow themselves to be in the direction of fall or under a lodged tree and should never cut down a supporting tree. It only takes one tree to kill a logger and too many loggers get killed doing what happened in this case.

29 CFR 1910.266 Logging Operations Standard
(h)(1)(vi)
Each danger tree shall be felled, removed or avoided. Each danger tree, including lodged trees and snags, shall be felled or removed using mechanical or other techniques that minimize employee exposure before work is commenced in the area of the danger tree. If the danger tree is not felled or removed, it shall be marked and no work shall be conducted within two tree lengths of the danger tree unless the employer demonstrates that a shorter distance will not create a hazard for an employee.

LogSafe newsletter

4

Spring 2001

Please affix sufficient postage here.

LogSafe Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry P.O. Box 392 Chisholm, MN 55719-0392

2001 Spring LogSafe seminars
March 28 April 3 April 4 or 5 April 10 or 11 April 12 April 17 or 18 April 19 April 23 or 24 April 25 or 26 Rochester Best Western Apache North Shore Grand Superior Lodge (Castle Danger, 10 miles north of Two Harbors on Hwy. 61) Eveleth Grand Rapids Cloquet International Falls Cloquet Brainerd Bemidji Eveleth Inn (former Holiday Inn), Highway 53 Sawmill Inn, 2301 Pokegama Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road Holiday Inn, Highway 71 Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road Ramada Inn (former Holiday Inn), 2115 S. Sixth St. Northern Inn, Highway 2 West

Note: Participants only have to attend one full-day seminar. Each seminar is 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. This free one-day event includes all resource and training materials and lunch. LogSafe agenda
There will be three tracks offered at each LogSafe session: 1. CPR and first aid certification and recertification — All-day session for first-time training or recertification 2. Chainsaw safety — All-day session for new employees or for those who need a refresher about chainsaw safety, chainsaw requirements and maintenance, personal protective equipment, safe-felling techniques and directional felling 3. OSHA logging standard — All-day session about the logging operations standard, how to prevent ergonomic injuries (sprains and strains) and how to work safely while using hydraulic equipment LogSafe newsletter 5 Spring 2001

LogSafe registration
Seminar date Location

Company Address City Phone

________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ State ZIP (_____)__________________________________

Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone Name Address City, state, ZIP Phone

_____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ (____)______________________________
Photocopy form to register additional employees. Please return by mail (see reverse side) or send via fax at: (651) 284-5739.

This information can be made available in alternative formats by calling the Department of Labor and Industry at 1-800-342-5354 or (651) 297-4198/TTY. If you need an accommodation to enable you to fully participate in this event, please contact Ed LaFavor at 1-888-234-1217 or (651) 297-4198/TTY.

LogSafe newsletter

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Spring 2001

Minnesota Logger Education Program 2001 workshops
The Minnesota Logger Education Program board of directors is proud to announce its 2001 logger education workshops. Nine workshops will be presented at the following locations: March 26 – Winona April 9 – Grand Rapids April 23 – Eveleth April 3 – St. Cloud April 11 – Cloquet April 24 – International Falls April 4 – Brainerd April 18 – Bemidji April 25 – Grand Rapids

Workshops are co-sponsored by the Forest Resources Association, Inc.; MDNR – Division of Forestry; Minnesota Forest Industries, Inc.; Minnesota Timber Producers Association; Potlatch Corporation; St. Louis County Land Department; and the University of Minnesota – Extension Service.

Note: Evening sessions will not be offered during 2001.
MLEP members may attend the full-day workshop below (in addition to LogSafe training), to complete the 2001 educational requirements. Workshop participants will be able to choose the location and the topics they will attend during the morning and the afternoon. 7 – 8 a.m. 8 – 8:15 a.m. 8:15 – 9 a.m. 9 – 9:15 a.m. Registration and refreshments Welcome, introductions and workshop overview Showing of St. Louis County’s People and forests video Introduce concurrent sessions and divide participants

• Silviculture and timber cruising • Timber harvest monitoring 9:15 – 10:45 a.m. • Tree species identification • Timber availability and legislative update 10:45 – 11 a.m. Break and refreshments 11 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. Conclusion of morning workshop topic offerings 12:30 – 1:30 p.m. Buffet lunch (on site), divide participants for choice of afternoon offerings • Silviculture and timber cruising • Timber harvest monitoring 1:30 – 3 p.m. • Tree species identification • Timber availability and legislative update 3 – 3:15 p.m. Break and refreshments 3:15 – 4:45 p.m. Conclusion of afternoon topic offerings 4:45 – 5 p.m. Evaluation and conclusion Pre-registration is required at least two weeks prior to the workshop. Attendence is free for MLEP employees and members.; for all other registrants the fee is $40. For more information about registration, please contact MLEP by phone at (218) 722-5442, on the Web at www.mlep.org or at 510 Board of Trade Building, Duluth, MN 55802.
LogSafe newsletter 7 Spring 2001

Minnesota OSHA Offices
St. Paul 1-877-470-OSHA 443 Lafayette Road N. (651) 284-5050 St Paul, MN 55155 Duluth 5 N. Third Ave. W. Suite 402 Duluth, MN 55802 (218) 723-4678

Mankato (507) 389-6501 410 Jackson St., #520 Mankato, MN 56001 Workplace Safety Consultation 200 Logs/posters Fed publications MN Rules 1-800-657-3776 (651) 284-5060 (651) 296-1096 (202) 219-4667 (651) 297-3000 1-800-652-9747 1-800-DIAL-DLI 1-800-342-5354

Safety grant processed
Gerald K. Smith Logging of Bagley, Minn., recently purchased a new cut-to-length wood processor with the assistance of a $10,000 safety grant from the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry.

Workers’ Comp Hotline Logsafe Program

1-888-234-1217

Address: Logsafe Program Ironworld Discovery Center Hwy. 169/P.O. Box 392 Chisholm, MN 55719-0392

Read LogSafe online at www.doli.state.mn.us/logsafe.html.
LogSafe is a publication of the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Its purpose is to help the logging industry establish and maintain safe and healthy work environments. This newsletter can be made available in alternative formats by calling 1-800-DIAL-DLI or (651) 297-4196/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter

8

Spring 2001
Bulk Rate U.S. Postage PAID Permit No. 171 St. Paul, MN

Communications Office 443 Lafayette Road N. St. Paul, MN 55155

LogSafe newsletter

8

Spring 2001