Volume 99, Number 1

Spring 1999

Follow these steps for more productive safety meetings
Safety meetings are a proven method to bring hazards to the attention of workers, get their opinions about how to avoid injuries, share experiences, and develop and improve loss control measures by giving safety concerns greater attention. Much of your required training can be done at these meetings. Below are some easy steps to follow that will help you conduct a productive meeting with your employees. Follow them, and you will get their attention and see results.

Ask employees for ideas and suggestions on how to improve safety. Try to give each employee a chance to speak. A suggestion that comes from an employee has a better chance of being put into practice.

TARGET - Concentrate on just one or two subjects for each safety meeting. Discuss real problems. Perhaps you’ve had someone injured on the job or had a close call. Have you noticed any unsafe acts or conditions on the job? Safety meetings, continued on page 3

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry
443 Lafayette Road North, St. Paul, Minnesota 55155 LogSafe Newsletter 1 Spring 1999

The view from here
Notes from Ed LaFavor, LogSafe Coordinator

I am glad to announce that during this past year a number of loggers here in the State of Minnesota have utilized the services available at the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Ten logging contractors were awarded Safety Abatement Grants in 1998. Most all of these grants were for $10,000. Some grants were not awarded due to lack of department funding during a particular quarter. The monies for this funding are derived from worker compensation penalties and the penalties collected vary from month to month. So if a company was denied a grant, it can resubmit its grant application for the next quarter. The department also received a number of requests for safety consultations. In 1998, 17 logging consultations were conducted. The consultations went rather smoothly for the loggers with only minor infractions to be addressed. There are still quite a few consultations pending for 1999. If a business owner would like to arrange a consultation, all they have to do is call 1-888-234-1217.

Too many fatalities This past year has not been a safe year for our logging industry. There were four Minnesota loggers killed in 1998 and one fatality in January 1999. All of these loggers worked fulltime at their profession, but four of these loggers were business owners or family members of the owner, so they will not be reported in OSHA’s statistics. The January 1999 fatality was an employee and will be counted. A number of people may be surprised to hear that five loggers have died in the past 12 months since there was very little news coverage about these accidents. That is why it needs to be brought to your attention. It is easy to get comfortable with our jobs. If we never hear about these tragedies, we can easily think that everything is going smoothly, and the need for safety in not founded. All five of these fatalities were loggers that worked fully mechanized operations. All of these accidents were the result of a standard safety practice not being observed. Each and everyone of you can tell a story of a near miss that you have encountered. Anyone of these near misses could have resulted in a fatality. We all need to stop and think about safety when doing our jobs in the woods. You surely don’t want your name added to this list. Think of how your family would have to endure if this happened to you. I only hope that I don’t have to write on this same subject next year, so please LOGSAFE.

LogSafe Newsletter

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Spring 1999

Safety meetings, continued from page 1...

Target safety problems, ask for input, meet frequently
PREPARE - Practice what you’d like to say and how you want to say it. Be brief and to the point. If you provide training, make sure the material you use is appropriate and complete, including visual aids. Invite a qualified individual to your meeting to provide training that you or your employees cannot provide themselves. TIMING - Conduct your safety meetings when everyone is together and not occupied with other tasks like the beginning or the end of the day, or at lunch. THE MEETING - Introduce the targeted safety problems and any training that needs to be done. Emphasize their importance. Use your employees to help with training. Often they know as much about a topic as you do - or more. But it is YOUR responsibility to make sure all training is correct and complete. EMPLOYEE INPUT - Ask employees for ideas and suggestions on how to improve safety. Try to give each employee a chance to speak. Get all views. Loggers already know the best solutions to avoid injuries on the job. Using a suggestion that comes from your employees has a better chance of being put into practice than one you try to impose on them. GET RESULTS - Try to get all to agree and pledge to use the solutions to the problems discussed and implement any training done. Encourage them to remind each other while working. Thank them for their contribution. Say that you will expect them to follow through, and that you will appreciate it if they do. DOCUMENTATION - Keep a record of who was at the meeting, the date, what was discussed and what training was provided. It is best to have each employee sign-off that they completed the training. It is required that the employer or trainer sign. FREQUENCY - Try to conduct frequent safety meetings. OSHA requires at least one safety meeting each month. Remember that the longer you wait between meetings, the more time you will need to go over everything that needs to be discussed. It is difficult to conduct long meetings on multiple subjects that keep everyone’s attention. Brief, focused, frequent meetings are best. AWAIR PROGRAM - Safety meetings are a required element of your company’s AWAIR program. The program can be viewed as the foundation for your company’s safety program. The program must describe five goals. These goals can then be viewed as the structure that is built on top of the foundation. If you have any questions about your AWAIR program, please call Ed LaFavor, Logsafe Program Coordinator, 1-888-234-1217.
This story is used with permission from the American Pulpwood Association.

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Spring 1999

HAZARD ALERT
Safety concerns while working around feller bunchers equipped with disc saws
As the logging industry moves forward with newer systems and changes in productivity, there are a lot more feller bunchers being outfitted with saw heads. These types of felling heads are very productive and give a higher quality to the product. However, there are certain dangers associated with these machines that all loggers need to be aware of. Recently a logger was killed after being struck by flying debris. The sawhand was limbing tops, while a feller buncher equipped with a disc saw felling head was also working in the immediate area. The feller buncher operator was unaware of the exact location of the sawhand at the moment he cut the tree. As the disc saw cut the tree, it ejected from the discharge side of the sawhead, a sliver of wood debris. The sliver shot through the air toward the sawhand, who was facing away from the feller buncher. As the sawhand bent down to operate the saw, the sliver of wood entered the back of his head just below his hard hat. The sawhand was killed instantly. While working around these types of machines, give them a lot of working room. All of the warning labels clearly state to stay back 300 feet. If one of the saw teeth or a rock was ejected, even 300 feet would not be far enough. Some safety standards while working around these machines: • Never work on the discharge side of disc saw felling heads. • Always maintain a 300-foot separation between high speed disc saws and ground workers. • Operators of disc saws that are equipped with felling machines must avoid cutting when people, domestic animals, buildings, or easily damaged property are located on the discharge side of the saw. Reposition the felling machine as necessary to avoid discharging cutting debris toward these things. • Logging contractors should design their cutting sequences and cutting areas, so the disc saw felling machines are directed away from high traffic areas. • All logging employees, whether they operate a logging vehicle or a chain saw, must be constantly aware of the location of fellow workers.
This story is used with permission from the American Pulpwood Association.

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Spring 1999

Please affix sufficient postage here.

LogSafe Minnesota Dept of Labor and Industry 443 Lafayette Road North St. Paul, MN 55155

1999 LOGSAFE WORKSHOPS
March 31 April 6 April 7 or 8 April 13 April 14 or 15 April 20 or 21 April 22 April 26 or 27 April 28 or 29 Rochester Two Harbors Eveleth Cloquet International Falls Grand Rapids Cloquet Bemidji Brainerd Holiday Inn South, 1630 South Broadway American Legion Post, 614 First Avenue Holiday Inn, Highway 53 Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road Holiday Inn, Highway 71 Sawmill Inn, 2301 Pokegama Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road Northern Inn, Highway 2 West Holiday Inn, 2115 South Sixth Street

Note: Participants only have to attend one full-day session.

LOGSAFE AGENDA
There will be four tracks offered at each LogSafe session. • Track One will feature CPR and First Aid certification. • Track Two will feature chainsaw safety and felling techniques. • Track Three will feature equipment transport, shop safety, and overhead power line safety. • Track four begins in the afternoon and will discuss OSHA topics and loss control. The seminar runs from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. This free one-day event includes all resource and training materials and lunch.

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Spring 1999

LOGSAFE REGISTRATION
Date Location

Company Street City Phone

__________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________State Zip (______)___________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _(___)________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _(___)________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _(___)________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _(___)________________________________
Photocopy form to register additional employees. Please return by mail (see reverse side) or send via fax at: (651) 297-1953.
This information can be made available in alternative formats by calling the Department of Labor and Industry at (800) 342-5354 or (651) 297-4198/TTY. If you need an accommodation to enable you to fully participate in this event, please contact Ed LaFavor at (888) 234-1217 or (651) 297-4198/TTY.

Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone Name Address City, State, ZIP Phone

LogSafe Newsletter

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Spring 1999

Loggers Premium Rebate Program continues to be successful
The Targeted Industries Fund for Loggers (M.S. §176.130) was established in 1990. The fund was created to combat high rates and unsafe working conditions and high accident rates in logging and associated industries. Assessments are paid by wood mills that purchase or process more than 5,000 cords of wood annually. Some of the assessments provide logger safety training given by the Labor and Industry's OSHA Workplace Safety Consultation. Loggers who show proof of attendance are entitled to a premium rebate. Premium rebates are paid to more than 140 logging firms each year. For fiscal year 1998, each logging company received a 12-cent rebate for every dollar of payroll it reported (12 percent). The program has been successful in driving down the incidence and expense of logging accidents. The program was set to end in 1995, but it continues to be supported both by the logging and mill industry. Even though the mills pay the assessment, the reduction in rates to loggers has helped keep the overall wood cost to the industry under control.

Historical Comparison Loggers’ Safety Fund
1991 Mill Assessments $786,907 1992 $838,160 $125,000 $713,160 1993 $878,236 $125,000 $753,236 1994 $899,070 $125,000 $774,070 1995 $915,151 $125,000 $790,151 1996 $884,340 $125,000 $759,340 1997 $876,628 $125,000 $751,628

Less:Logger Safety Programs $125,000 WC Premium Rebates Total Reported Payroll Average Rebate Smallest Rebate Largest Rebate Number of Claims Rebate Per Payroll Dollar $621,907

$3,194,618 $4,056,312 $4,829,601 $5,368,888 $5,538,879 $5,767,857 $6,462,230 $5,654 $43 $27,283 110 $0.195 $6,148 $263 $31,789 116 $0.176 $5,750 $462 $32,131 131 $0.156 $5,734 $133 $36,763 135 $0.144 $5,897 $119 $33,395 134 $0.143 $5,385 $200 $37,273 141 $0.132 $5,220 $122 $35,633 144 $0.116

LogSafe Newsletter

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Spring 1999

DLI INFORMATION
Minnesota OSHA Offices
St. Paul (877) 470-OSHA 443 Lafayette Rd. N. (651) 296-2116 St Paul, MN 55155 Duluth (218) 723-4678 5 N. Third Avenue W. Suite 402 Duluth, MN 55802 Mankato (507) 389-6501 410 Jackson St. #110 Mankato, MN 56001 Workplace Safety Consultation 200 Logs/Posters Fed Publications MN Rules Work Comp Hotline LogSafe Program (800) 657-3776 (651) 297-2393 (651) 296-1096 (202) 219-4667 (651) 297-3000 (800) 652-9747 (800) DIAL-DLI (800) 342-5354

This feller buncher with a sawhead was purchased by Croatt Enterprises, Inc., in Outing, Minnesota, this past Fall. The company applied for, and received a $10,000 safety grant from Workplace Safety Consultation to help defray costs of purchasing this piece of equipment.

LogSafe is now online. Please visit our web site: www.doli.state.mn.us
LogSafe is a publication of the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Its purpose is to help the logging industry establish and maintain safe and healthy work environments. This newsletter can be made available in alternative formats by calling 1-800-DIAL-DLI or 651-297-4196/TTY.

(888) 234-1217

LogSafe Newsletter

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Spring 1999
Bulk Rate U.S. Postage PAID Permit No. 171 St. Paul, MN

Communications Office 443 Lafayette Road North St. Paul, MN 55155

LogSafe Newsletter

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Spring 1999