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Volume 99, Number 1 Spring 1999

Follow these steps for more

productive safety meetings
Safety meetings are a proven
method to bring hazards to the
attention of workers, get their
opinions about how to avoid
injuries, share experiences, and
develop and improve loss
control measures by giving
safety concerns greater
attention. Much of your
required training can be done
at these meetings.

Below are some easy steps to

follow that will help you
conduct a productive meeting Ask employees for ideas and suggestions on how to improve
safety. Try to give each employee a chance to speak. A
with your employees. Follow
suggestion that comes from an employee has a better chance
them, and you will get their of being put into practice.
attention and see results.

TARGET - Concentrate on just one or two subjects for each safety meeting. Discuss real
problems. Perhaps you’ve had someone injured on the job or had a close call. Have you noticed
any unsafe acts or conditions on the job?
Safety meetings, continued on page 3

Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry

443 Lafayette Road North, St. Paul, Minnesota 55155

LogSafe Newsletter 1 Spring 1999

The view from here
Notes from Ed LaFavor, LogSafe Coordinator

I am glad to announce that during this past year

a number of loggers here in the State of
Minnesota have utilized the services available
at the Minnesota Department of Labor and
Industry. Ten logging contractors were Too many fatalities
awarded Safety Abatement Grants in 1998. This past year has not been a safe year for our
Most all of these grants were for $10,000. logging industry. There were four Minnesota
Some grants were not awarded due to lack of loggers killed in 1998 and one fatality in
department funding during a particular quarter. January 1999. All of these loggers worked full-
The monies for this funding are derived from time at their profession, but four of these
worker compensation penalties and the loggers were business owners or family
penalties collected vary from month to month. members of the owner, so they will not be
So if a company was denied a grant, it can reported in OSHA’s statistics. The January
resubmit its grant application for the next 1999 fatality was an employee and will be
quarter. counted.

The department also received a number of A number of people may be surprised to hear
requests for safety consultations. In 1998, 17 that five loggers have died in the past 12 months
logging consultations were conducted. The since there was very little news coverage about
consultations went rather smoothly for the these accidents. That is why it needs to be
loggers with only minor infractions to be brought to your attention.
addressed. There are still quite a few
consultations pending for 1999. If a business It is easy to get comfortable with our jobs. If
owner would like to arrange a consultation, we never hear about these tragedies, we can
all they have to do is call 1-888-234-1217. easily think that everything is going smoothly,
and the need for safety in not founded. All five
of these fatalities were loggers that worked fully
mechanized operations. All of these accidents
were the result of a standard safety practice not
being observed.

Each and everyone of you can tell a story of a

near miss that you have encountered. Anyone
of these near misses could have resulted in a
fatality. We all need to stop and think about
safety when doing our jobs in the woods. You
surely don’t want your name added to this list.
Think of how your family would have to endure
if this happened to you. I only hope that I don’t
have to write on this same subject next year, so
please LOGSAFE.

LogSafe Newsletter 2 Spring 1999

Safety meetings, continued from page 1...

Target safety problems, ask for input, meet frequently

PREPARE - Practice what you’d like to say and how you want to say it. Be brief and to the
point. If you provide training, make sure the material you use is appropriate and complete,
including visual aids. Invite a qualified individual to your meeting to provide training that
you or your employees cannot provide themselves.

TIMING - Conduct your safety meetings when everyone is together and not occupied with
other tasks like the beginning or the end of the day, or at lunch.

THE MEETING - Introduce the targeted safety problems and any training that needs to be
done. Emphasize their importance. Use your employees to help with training. Often they
know as much about a topic as you do - or more. But it is YOUR responsibility to make sure
all training is correct and complete.

EMPLOYEE INPUT - Ask employees for ideas and suggestions on how to improve safety.
Try to give each employee a chance to speak. Get all views. Loggers already know the best
solutions to avoid injuries on the job. Using a suggestion that comes from your employees
has a better chance of being put into practice than one you try to impose on them.

GET RESULTS - Try to get all to agree and pledge to use the solutions to the problems
discussed and implement any training done. Encourage them to remind each other while
working. Thank them for their contribution. Say that you will expect them to follow through,
and that you will appreciate it if they do.

DOCUMENTATION - Keep a record of who was at the meeting, the date, what was discussed
and what training was provided. It is best to have each employee sign-off that they completed
the training. It is required that the employer or trainer sign.

FREQUENCY - Try to conduct frequent safety meetings. OSHA requires at least one safety
meeting each month. Remember that the longer you wait between meetings, the more time
you will need to go over everything that needs to be discussed. It is difficult to conduct long
meetings on multiple subjects that keep everyone’s attention. Brief, focused, frequent meetings
are best.

AWAIR PROGRAM - Safety meetings are a required

element of your company’s AWAIR program. The program
can be viewed as the foundation for your company’s safety
program. The program must describe five goals. These goals
can then be viewed as the structure that is built on top of the
foundation. If you have any questions about your AWAIR
program, please call Ed LaFavor, Logsafe Program
Coordinator, 1-888-234-1217.
This story is used with permission from the American Pulpwood Association.

LogSafe Newsletter 3 Spring 1999

Safety concerns while working around feller
bunchers equipped with disc saws
As the logging industry moves forward with newer systems and changes in productivity, there
are a lot more feller bunchers being outfitted with saw heads. These types of felling heads are
very productive and give a higher quality to the product. However, there are certain dangers
associated with these machines that all loggers need to be aware of.

Recently a logger was killed after being struck by flying debris. The sawhand was limbing tops,
while a feller buncher equipped with a disc saw felling head was also working in the immediate
area. The feller buncher operator was unaware of the exact location of the sawhand at the
moment he cut the tree. As the disc saw cut the tree, it ejected from the discharge side of the
sawhead, a sliver of wood debris. The sliver shot through the air toward the sawhand, who was
facing away from the feller buncher. As the sawhand bent down to operate the saw, the sliver of
wood entered the back of his head just below his hard hat. The sawhand was killed instantly.
While working around these types of machines, give them a lot of working room. All of the
warning labels clearly state to stay back 300 feet. If one of the saw teeth or a rock was ejected,
even 300 feet would not be far enough.
Some safety standards while working around these machines:

• Never work on the discharge side of disc saw felling heads.

• Always maintain a 300-foot separation between high speed disc saws and ground workers.
• Operators of disc saws that are equipped with felling machines must avoid cutting when
people, domestic animals, buildings, or easily damaged property are located on the discharge
side of the saw. Reposition the felling machine as necessary to avoid discharging cutting
debris toward these things.
• Logging contractors should design their cutting sequences and cutting areas, so the disc
saw felling machines are directed away from high traffic areas.
• All logging employees, whether they operate a logging vehicle or a chain saw, must be
constantly aware of the location of fellow workers.
This story is used with permission from the American Pulpwood Association.

LogSafe Newsletter 4 Spring 1999

Please affix
postage here.

Minnesota Dept of Labor and Industry
443 Lafayette Road North
St. Paul, MN 55155


March 31 Rochester Holiday Inn South, 1630 South Broadway
April 6 Two Harbors American Legion Post, 614 First Avenue
April 7 or 8 Eveleth Holiday Inn, Highway 53
April 13 Cloquet Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road
April 14 or 15 International Falls Holiday Inn, Highway 71
April 20 or 21 Grand Rapids Sawmill Inn, 2301 Pokegama
April 22 Cloquet Cloquet Forestry Center, 175 University Road
April 26 or 27 Bemidji Northern Inn, Highway 2 West
April 28 or 29 Brainerd Holiday Inn, 2115 South Sixth Street

Note: Participants only have to attend one full-day session.

There will be four tracks offered at each LogSafe session.
• Track One will feature CPR and First Aid certification.
• Track Two will feature chainsaw safety and felling techniques.
• Track Three will feature equipment transport, shop safety,
and overhead power line safety.
• Track four begins in the afternoon and will discuss OSHA topics and loss control.

The seminar runs from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

This free one-day event includes all resource and training materials and lunch.

LogSafe Newsletter 5 Spring 1999


Date Location

Company __________________________________________
Street __________________________________________
City __________________State Zip
Phone (______)___________________________________

Name _____________________________________
Address _____________________________________
City, State, ZIP _____________________________________
Phone _(___)________________________________

Name _____________________________________
Address _____________________________________
City, State, ZIP _____________________________________
Phone _(___)________________________________

Name _____________________________________
Address _____________________________________
City, State, ZIP _____________________________________
Phone _(___)________________________________

Name _____________________________________
Address _____________________________________
City, State, ZIP _____________________________________
Phone _(___)________________________________
Photocopy form to register additional employees.
Please return by mail (see reverse side)
or send via fax at: (651) 297-1953.
This information can be made available in alternative formats by calling the Department
of Labor and Industry at (800) 342-5354 or (651) 297-4198/TTY. If you need an
accommodation to enable you to fully participate in this event, please contact Ed
LaFavor at (888) 234-1217 or (651) 297-4198/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter 6 Spring 1999

Loggers Premium Rebate Program continues to be successful

The Targeted Industries Fund for Loggers (M.S. §176.130) was established in 1990. The fund
was created to combat high rates and unsafe working conditions and high accident rates in
logging and associated industries.

Assessments are paid by wood mills that purchase or process more than 5,000 cords of wood
annually. Some of the assessments provide logger safety training given by the Labor and Industry's
OSHA Workplace Safety Consultation. Loggers who show proof of attendance are entitled to a
premium rebate. Premium rebates are paid to more than 140 logging firms each year. For fiscal
year 1998, each logging company received a 12-cent rebate for every dollar of payroll it reported
(12 percent).

The program has been successful in driving down the incidence and expense of logging accidents.
The program was set to end in 1995, but it continues to be supported both by the logging and
mill industry. Even though the mills pay the assessment, the reduction in rates to loggers has
helped keep the overall wood cost to the industry under control.

Historical Comparison Loggers’ Safety Fund

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

Mill Assessments $786,907 $838,160 $878,236 $899,070 $915,151 $884,340 $876,628

Less:Logger Safety Programs $125,000 $125,000 $125,000 $125,000 $125,000 $125,000 $125,000

WC Premium Rebates $621,907 $713,160 $753,236 $774,070 $790,151 $759,340 $751,628

Total Reported Payroll $3,194,618 $4,056,312 $4,829,601 $5,368,888 $5,538,879 $5,767,857 $6,462,230

Average Rebate $5,654 $6,148 $5,750 $5,734 $5,897 $5,385 $5,220

Smallest Rebate $43 $263 $462 $133 $119 $200 $122

Largest Rebate $27,283 $31,789 $32,131 $36,763 $33,395 $37,273 $35,633

Number of Claims 110 116 131 135 134 141 144

Rebate Per Payroll Dollar $0.195 $0.176 $0.156 $0.144 $0.143 $0.132 $0.116

LogSafe Newsletter 7 Spring 1999

Minnesota OSHA Offices
St. Paul (877) 470-OSHA
443 Lafayette Rd. N. (651) 296-2116
St Paul, MN 55155

Duluth (218) 723-4678

5 N. Third Avenue W.
Suite 402
Duluth, MN 55802

Mankato (507) 389-6501

410 Jackson St. #110 This feller buncher with a sawhead was purchased by
Mankato, MN 56001 Croatt Enterprises, Inc., in Outing, Minnesota, this past
Fall. The company applied for, and received a $10,000
Workplace Safety (800) 657-3776 safety grant from Workplace Safety Consultation to
Consultation (651) 297-2393 help defray costs of purchasing this piece of
200 Logs/Posters (651) 296-1096

Fed Publications (202) 219-4667 LogSafe is now online.

Please visit our web site:
MN Rules (651) 297-3000
(800) 652-9747
Work Comp (800) DIAL-DLI
Hotline (800) 342-5354 LogSafe is a publication of the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry.
Its purpose is to help the logging industry establish and maintain safe and
healthy work environments. This newsletter can be made available in
LogSafe Program (888) 234-1217 alternative formats by calling 1-800-DIAL-DLI or 651-297-4196/TTY.

LogSafe Newsletter 8 Spring 1999

Bulk Rate
Communications Office U.S. Postage
443 Lafayette Road North
Permit No. 171
St. Paul, MN 55155 St. Paul, MN

LogSafe Newsletter 8 Spring 1999