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# Trigonometric Ratio & Identity, Part -I

1. Find the degree measure corresponding to the following radian measures
(i)
c
15
2
|
.
|

\
| t
(ii)
c
6
2. Find the radian measures corresponding to the following degree measure.
(i) ° 75 (ii) ° 520

3. Find the angle between minute hand of a clock and the hour hand when the time is 7:20 am.

4. Find the degree measure corresponding to the following radian measures (use
7
22
= t )
(i)
5
9t
(ii)
6
5t
÷ (iii)
c
5
18
|
.
|

\
| t
(iv)
c
) 3 (÷
(v)
c
11 (vi)
c
1
5. Find the radian measure corresponding to the following degree measures:
(i) ° 300 (ii) ° 35 (iii) ° ÷56 (iv) ° 135
(v) ° ÷300 (vi) ' 30 7° (vii) ' 30 125° (viii) ' 30 47° ÷
6. Prove the following identities.
(i) ) cos sin 2 1 )( cos (sin cos sin
2 2 2 2 8 8
u u ÷ u ÷ u = u ÷ u
(ii) u ÷ u = u + u
2 4 2 4
ec cos ec cos cot cot
(iii) u ÷ u = u + u ÷ u ÷ u
4 4 4 2 4 2
tan cot ec cos ec cos 2 sec sec 2
(iv) 7 cot tan ) sec (cos ) ec cos (sin
2 2 2 2
+ u + u = u + u + u + u
(v) ( 2 ) sec tan 1 )( ec cos cot 1 = u + u + u ÷ u +
(vi)
u
u +
=
+ u ÷ u
÷ u + u
cos
sin 1
1 sec tan
1 sec tan

7. , 1
sin
sin
cos
cos
If
2
4
2
4
=
|
o
+
|
o
prove that
(i) | o = | + o
2 2 4 4
sin sin 2 sin sin (ii) 1
sin
sin
cos
cos
2
4
2
4
=
o
|
+
o
|

8. Find sin u and tan u if
13
12
cos ÷ = u and u lies in the third quadrant.
9. Find the value of
2
3
and
5
3
sin if tan and cos
t
< u < t ÷ = u u u

10. If sec u 2 = and , 2
2
3
t < u <
t
find the value of
u ÷ u +
u + u +
ec cos cot 1
ec cos tan 1

11. Prove that
=
u +
u ÷
sin 1
sin 1
¦
¦
)
¦
¦
`
¹
¦
¦
¹
¦
¦
´
¦
t
u <
t
u + u ÷
t
< u <
t
÷ u ÷ u
2
3
2
if , tan sec
2 2
if , tan sec

12. Find the values of the following trigonometric ratios:
(i) ° 315 sin (ii) ° 210 cos (iii) ) 480 cos( ° ÷ (iv) ) 1125 sin( ° ÷
(v) ° 390 ec cos (vi) ° 570 cot (vii) ° 480 tan (viii) ° 270 cos
(ix)
3
19
tan
t
(x)
|
.
|

\
| t ÷
3
11
sin (xi)
|
.
|

\
| t ÷
4
15
cot
13. Prove that : ° 510 cos ° 330 cos + ° 390 sin ° 210 cos =-1

14. Prove that : 1 ) 330 )(sin 660 cos( ) 390 )(cos 420 sin( ÷ = ° ° ÷ + ° ° ÷

15. Prove that 1
) 90 cot( ) 180 sin( ) 360 sec(
) 180 tan( ) sec( ) 90 cos(
÷ =
u ÷ ° u + ° u ÷ °
u ÷ ° u ÷ u + °

16. If A,B,C,D are angles of a cyclic quadrilateral, prove that
0 D cos C cos B cos A cos = + + +

17. Prove that
(i) x cot
x
2
cos ) x sin(
) x cos( ) x cos(
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
t
÷ t
÷ + t

(ii) 1 )) x 2 (cot( x
2
3
cot ) x 2 cos( x
2
3
cos =
)
`
¹
¹
´
¦
+ t +
|
.
|

\
|
÷
t
+ t
|
.
|

\
|
+
t

(iii)
4
1
120 cos 150 sin 270 cos 720 tan = ° ° ÷ ° ÷ °
(iv)
2
1
150 sin 120 cos 480 sin 780 sin = ° ° + ° °
(v)
2
1
390 sin 240 cos 120 sin 780 sin = ° ° + ° °
(vi) 1 150 sin 480 cos 390 cos 600 sin ÷ = ° ° + ° °
(vii) 0 675 cot 765 tan 405 cot 225 tan = ° ° + ° °

Answer Key
1) (i) 24 ii)
2) (i) ii)
3) 100
4) (i) 324 ii) -150 iii) 648 iv) -171 49’5’’
v) 630 vi) 57 16’21’’

5) (i) ii) iii) - iv) v) -
vi) vii) viii) -

|
.
|

\
|
11
7
343
c
12
5
|
.
|

\
| t
c
9
26
|
.
|

\
| t

   
 
3
5t
36
7 t
45
14t
4
3t
3
5t
24
t
360
251t
72
19t
8) sin = - , tan = 5/12
9) cos = , tan =
10) -1
12) i) ii) iii) iv)
v) 2 vi) vii) - viii) 0
ix) x) xi) 1

u
13
5
u
u
5
4
÷ u
4
3
2
1
÷
2
3
÷
2
1
÷
2
1
÷
3 3
3
2
3