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GSM frequency bands for 2G


Posted on Jun 14, 2012 by Caroline Sinel in SMS Industry

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2G is short for second-generation wireless telephone technology. 2G technologies allow us to make voice calls, send SMS, send MMS (via GPRS), and connect to the internet via GPRS/EDGE. To offer 2G services, a telco must obtain a 2G license and must operate within the GSM frequency band/s allocated by the NTC. GSM-900 and GSM-1800 are GSM frequency bands used in most parts of the world: Europe, Middle East, Africa, Australia, Oceania (and most of Asia). While GSM-850 and GSM-1900 are used in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, the United States and many other countries in the Americas. In the Philippines, telcos operate in the GSM-900 or GSM-1800 bands to offer 2G services nationwide. GSM-1800 frequencies have smaller coverage than GSM-900. As the frequency increases, cell size decreases due to the path loss increase. Hence for a particular area, more number of towers need to be erected in GSM-1800 than in GSM-900 for full coverage. But because there are more frequencies available on GSM 1800 band, more capacity can be catered for good traffic. This enables GSM 1800 to handle more subscribers than GSM 900.

GSM 900 GSM-900 uses 890915 MHz to send information from the mobile station to the base station (uplink) and 935960 MHz for the other direction (downlink). Duplex spacing of 45 MHz is used. GSM-900 has low propogation losses and has double the coverage as compared to GSM-1800. Only 3 telecom operators were given frequency assignments on the GSM 900 bands; Globe, Smart and Islacom.

Telcos operating in GSM 900 (Globe, Smart, Islacom) GSM 900 Carrier Frequency Assignment Bandwidth Globe 890-897.5/935-942.5 MHz7.5 MHz Smart 897.5-905/942.5-950 MHz7.5 MHz Islacom905-915/950-960 MHz 10 MHz In 1994, Islacom launched the countrys first digital mobile communication services using GSM world standard digital technology. Islacom was then acquired by Globe Telecom on June 27, 2001 and became 100%-owned subsidiary of Globe. In September 2002, Globe announced the operational integration of Globe and Islacoms wireless networks. NTC approved the joint use of Islacoms frequency by the Globe Group on August 1, 2002. After the acquisition of Islacom, Globe now owns a total of 17.5 MHz in the 900 MHz frequency band. Smart only has 7.5 Mhz. GSM 1800 GSM-1800 uses 17101785 MHz to send information from the mobile station to the base transceiver station (uplink) and 18051880 MHz for the other direction (downlink). Duplex spacing is 95 MHz. GSM 1800 frequencies can carry more traffic than GSM 900 due to more frequencies available. But GSM-1800 has high propogation losses so more number of sites are required (approx.1.5~2 times that of GSM-900).

Telcos operating in GSM 1800 (Belltel, Extelcom, Smart, Globe, and Digitel) GSM 1800 Carrier Frequency Assignment Bandwidth Belltel 1710-1720/1805-1815 MHz 10 MHz Extelcom1720-1725/1815-1820 MHz 5 MHz Smart 1725-1732.5/1820-1827.5 MHz7.5 MHz 1735-1740/1830-1835 MHz 5 MHz 1745-1750/1840-1845 MHz 5 MHz 1780-1782.5/1875-1877.5 MHz2.5 MHz Bayantel 1750-1760/1845-1855 MHz 10 MHz Globe 1732.5-1735/1827.5-1830 MHz2.5 MHz 1740-1745/1835-1840 MHz 5 MHz 1775-1780/1870-1875 MHz 5 MHz Digitel 1760-1775/1855-1870 15 MHz 1782.5-1785-1877.5-1880 2.5 MHz In August 2000, Bayantel obtained its GSM license for providing wireless services using 10MHz on the 1800 MHz frequency band. However, Bayantel has been delayed in rolling out its network due to litigation relating to the validity of its license. On August 7, 2000, Digitel was granted by the NTC a GSM license to offer digital wireless service on the 1800 MHz frequency band. Digitel began to build its network in 2000 and formally launched its wireless service under the brand name Sun Cellular in February 2003. On September 2001, NTC gave Extelcom 5 megahertz (MHz) frequency in the 1800 bandwidth for its planned GSM operations. They dropped their GSM plans in 2003 in favor of deploying a network based on the CDMA protocol. After the acquisition of Digitel, PLDT now owns a total of 37.5 MHz in the 1800 MHz frequency band. GSM 900 GSM 1800 Total

Belltel 10 Mhz 10 Mhz Extelcom 5 MHz 5 MHz Bayantel 10 Mhz 10 Mhz Globe 30 MHz 17.5 MHz12.5 MHz Smart 7.5 MHz 20 MHz 27.5 MHz Digitel 17.5 MHz 17.5 MHz CURE Smart and Digitel7.5 MHz 37.5 MHz 45 MHz Winner Globe Smart and DigitelSmart and Digitel Related posts:

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