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AIR CONDITION TEST RIG AIR CONDITION TEST RIG

Date : Exp. No:

Aim : To determine the coefficient of performance (COP) of a vapour compression air-conditioning system by experimentally and using p-h chart. PROCEDURE: Switch on the mains. Switch on the condenser fan and blower. Keep the manually operated valves in proper position. Switch on the compressor and allow the unit to stabilize by adjusting the airflow through the duct.

Note down the following; Pressure of super heated vapour at the exit of the compressor (Delivery) P1 Pressure at entry to throttle valve Pressure after throttling P3 P2

Pressure of super heated vapour at suction to the compressor P4 Note the corresponding temperatures T1, T2, T3 and T4 at respective state points. To find the COP using P h chart. Convert the pressure gauge readings to absolute pressures in bar. Note. 14.5psi = 1 Kg. Absolute pressure =Gauge pressure in Kg + 1.03 bar. Plot different state points on the P-h chart using the absolute Pressure and Temperature readings. Note the enthalpy at each point. P 1, T1 corresponds to point 1, and P2, T2, P3, T3, and P4, T4, corresponds to points 2,3, and 4 respectively. State 4 1 represents the adiabatic compression. State 3 4 represents the isobaric evaporation.
Thermal Engineering Lab-II

AIR CONDITION TEST RIG

Theoretically sub cooling and super heating of suction vapour states is neglected. From P - h Chart H1 = H2 = H3 = H4 = Saturation cycle C O P = KJ/Kg KJ/Kg KJ/Kg KJ/Kg H4 - H3 H1 - H4

To find the COP by experimental method. To find the refrigerating effect / Cooling capacity of the system For calculating the efficiency of the cycle experimentally, note the dry bulb temperature of air at inlet (t1) and outlet (t2) section of the duct, and find the temperature difference. Now the Sensible Cooling = m (t1 t2) Cp of air. Where m is the mass flow rate of air. The mass of air is calculated as follows:
Density of air =1.16 kg/m3 Energy Meter Constant = 750 rev/kwh Area of the duct=0.3x0.3 m2 The mass flow rate of air = velocity airflow m/sec x area of the duct x density

m3 /sec.

Note the time taken (t) for 10 Rev. of the energy meter disc for the compressor and calculate the power as follows: Power input = 3600 x 10 KW. E*t

Where E is the energy meter constant.

Thermal Engineering Lab-II

AIR CONDITION TEST RIG

Now the performance of the unit = Sensible cooling Power to compressor. Note: The compressor should be restarted only after the pressure is equalized. BY PASS FACTOR. Let the temperature of the cooling coil be t3 = T4 T3 2 In ideal case, air on entering the coil, at dry bulb temperature (t 1) should be able to leave the coil at (t3). But in actual practice it may be able to leave only at (t2). This is due to inefficiency of the coil and the same is expressed as its By Pass factor. Therefore B.F. = t2 - t3 t1 - t3 Humidification: Fill water in the Boiler 1/3 level i.e. up to the level of water to overflow through the drain cock provided. Close all the outlet valves. Switch on the boiler. Allow approx. 20 to 30 minutes for steam to be produced. Note the inlet and outlet condition of air using wet and dry bulb thermometer provided. Open the outlet steam valve and allow the steam to enter the duct. After allowing steam in the duct note the WBT and DBT of air at the exit and find the humidity. Find the Percentage raise in humidity. Dehumidification: Note the WBT and DBT of air at the inlet and the exit section. Switch on the air heaters. Allow the unit to stabilize. Note the WBT and DBT of air and find the percentage drop in humidity from the psychrometric chart.

Thermal Engineering Lab-II

AIR CONDITION TEST RIG In air condition practice sensible heat removed per hour is expressed as Qs = 0.0204 * cubic metre of dry air passing per minute * dt dry bulb temperature.

Result: coefficient of performance (COP) of a vapour compression air-conditioning system by experimentally system using p-h chart = = coefficient of performance (COP) of a vapour compression air-conditioning

Thermal Engineering Lab-II