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CCNA 2 Final 2012 Exam Answers V2

1. Which of the following are required when adding a network to the OSPF routing process configuration? (Choose three.) network address wildcard mask area ID 2. Which of the following are primary functions of a router? (Choose two.) packet switching path selection

3. Refer to the routing table shown in the exhibit. What is the meaning of the highlighted value 192? It is the metric, which is cost. 4. Which three statements are true regarding the encapsulation and de-encapsulation of packets when traveling through a router? (Choose three.) The router modifies the TTL field, decrementing it by one. The router maintains the same source and destination IP. The router changes the source physical address to the physical address of the exit interface.

Refer to the exhibit. Which path will traffic from the 172.16.1.0/24 network take to get to the 10.0.0.0/24 network? It will load balance the traffic between ADC and ABC 5. What is the purpose of the TTL field within an IP packet header? limits the period of time or number of hops a packet can traverse through the network before it should be discarded

6. Refer to the exhibit. How many routes are both level 1 and qualify for use as an ultimate route? 1 2

7. Refer to the exhibit. Cost for each path are shown. If all routers are configured to use OSPF, what would be the path of a packet sent from Router C to Router D if Router A was down? C-F-E-D

8. Refer to the exhibit. Routers 1 and 2 are directly connected over a serial link. Pings are failing between the two routers. What change by the administrator will correct the problem? Change the IP address on Serial 0/1/0 on router 2 to 192.168.0.1/30.

9. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to determine why router JAX has no OSPF routes in its routing table. All routers are configured for OSPF area 0. From the JAX router, the administrator is able to ping its connected interfaces and the Fa0/1 interface of the ORL router but no other router interfaces. What is a logical step that the network administrator should take to troubleshoot the problem? Use show and debug commands to determine if hellos are propagating

10. Refer to the exhibit. Which summarization should R1 use to advertise its networks to R2? 192.168.0.0/22. 11. A router boots and enters setup mode. What is the reason for this? The configuration file is missing from NVRAM.

12. Refer to the exhibit. R1 is configured properly for a single area OSPF, and R2 has been recently installed in the network. Which set of commands is required to configure a single area OSPF for the networks that are connected to R2? R2(config)# router ospf 1 R2(config-router)# network 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 R2(config-router)# network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.3 area 0

13. Refer to the exhibit. Routers R1 and R2 are directly connected via their serial interfaces and are both running the EIGRP routing protocol. R1 and R2 can ping the directly connected serial interface of their neighbor, but they cannot form an EIGRP neighbor adjacency. What action should be taken to solve this problem? Configure both routers with the same EIGRP process ID

14. Refer to the exhibit. The hosts that are connected to R2 are unable to ping the hosts that are connected to R1. How can this problem be resolved? Configure the R2 router interfaces for area 0. 15. In a lab test environment, a router has learned about network 172.16.1.0 through four different dynamic routing processes. Which route will be used to reach this network? D 172.16.1.0/24 [90/2195456] via 192.168.200.1, 00:00:09, Serial0/0/0.1, 16. Which statement is true about the metrics used by routing protocols? A metric is a value used by a particular routing protocol to compare paths to remote networks

17. Refer to the exhibit. Both routers are using the RIPv2 routing protocol and static routes are undefined. R1 can ping 192.168.2.1 and 10.1.1.2, but is unable to ping 192.168.4.1. What is the reason for the ping failure? The 192.168.4.0 network is not included in the RIP configuration of R2. 18. Which two statements are true about the EIGRP successor route? (Choose two.). It is used by EIGRP to forward traffic to the destination.

19. Refer to the exhibit. Hosts on the 192.168.1.0 network cannot communicate with hosts on the 172.16.1.1 network. The network administrator has run the show ip route command on R1. What could be the cause of this problem? No static route or routing protocol is configured. 20. Which statement correctly describes a feature of RIP? RIP uses only one metrichop count for path selection.

21. Refer to the exhibit. Which two statements are true based on the exhibited output? (Choose two.) All routes are stable. The show ip eigrp topology command has been run on R1. 22. A network administrator is analyzing routing update behavior on a network that has both EIGRP and OSPF configured on all routers. Both protocols appear in the output of show ip protocols. However, only EIGRP internal routes appear in the routing tables. Which statement correctly explains the scenario? The EIGRP protocol has a lower administrative distance than OSPF 23. Which prompt is used to allow a user to change the IP address of an interface on a router? Router(config-if)#

24. Refer to the exhibit. Routers RTRA and RTRB are running OSPF. What entry does RTRA add in the routing table when Serial 0/0/0 receives an update about the network that is attached to RTRB? O 172.16.7.16/28 [110/51] via 10.10.10.2, 00:00:25, Serial0/0/0 25. Which additional piece of information is included in the updates of classless routing protocols to support the use of VLSM and discontiguous networks? network mask 26. Because of a topology change, the next hop IP address in the current static route must be reconfigured. How can a static route entry be altered to accommodate a topology change? Negate the existing static route and configure a new static route with the correct next hop IP address.

27. Which router mode is accessed by entering the enable command? privileged EXEC

28. Refer to the exhibit. An administrator is attempting to configure a router by copying and pasting the commands that are shown in the exhibit. However, only one of the FastEthernet interfaces is coming up. What is the problem? Both interfaces are in the same IP subnet. 29. In an examination of two OSPF routers that fail to exchange information, it is determined that they have not become OSPF neighbors. Which two configuration values must match for the OSPF routers to become neighbors? dead time and hello time

30. Refer to the exhibit. Routers R1 and R3 use different routing protocols with default administrative distance values. All devices are properly configured and the destination network is advertised by both protocols. Which path will be used to transmit the data packets from PC1 to PC2? The packets will travel via R2-R1.

31. Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator has run the following command on R1. R1(config)# ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.2 What is the result of running this command? Traffic for network 192.168.2.0 is forwarded to 172.16.1.2. 32. Why is fast convergence desirable in networks that use dynamic routing protocols? Routers may make incorrect forwarding decisions until the network has converged. 33. Which two statements about routing protocols are accurate? (Choose two.) OSPF supports VLSM. EIGRP supports discontiguous network designs.

34. Refer to the exhibit. If the EIGRP routing protocol is used throughout the network, which IP address and mask prefix should be sent by router R1 to the Edge router as a result of manual summarization of LANs A, B, C, and D? 192.168.4.0/22

35. Refer to the exhibit. Which solution provides the most efficient use of router resources for forwarding traffic between BR and HQ? static routes

36. Refer to the exhibit. The network is configured with RIPv2. However, network administrators notice that communication cannot be successfully completed from one LAN to another. A network administrator issues the show ip route command on the HQ router. Based on the output, what should be done to correct the problem? Issue the no auto-summary command for RIPv2. 37. Which protocol is used by EIGRP to deliver and receive update packets? RTP 38. Which multicast address does EIGRP use to send hello and updates packets? 224.0.0.10 39. A network administrator is using an application that is monitoring packets on the network and sees an EIGRP update packet. What is the purpose of the update packet? The packet is used to propagate routing information within the EIGRP network.

40. Refer to the exhibit. What OSPF network statements are required for the router B to advertise the three networks that are attached? router ospf 1 network 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 network 10.10.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 network 10.20.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0

41. Refer to the exhibit. Why is the state of the serial0/0/0 interface administratively down? The no shutdown command has not been executed on the interface 42 On a router, which three components are stored in RAM? (Choose three.) the routing table the running-configuration a copy of the operating system

43. Refer to the exhibit. RouterA and RouterB cannot successfully exchange EIGRP routes. What is the problem? The autonomous system numbers do not match.

44. Refer to the exhibit. What is the purpose of the ip bandwidth-percent eigrp 50 10 command? to limit the bandwidth EIGRP packets can use to 6.4 kb/s

45. A network administrator adds the default-information originate command to the configuration of a router that uses RIP as the routing protocol. What will result from adding this command? The router will propagate a static default route in its RIP updates, if one is present. 46. A network technician is configuring a Cisco 2811 router. The technician types conf at the privileged level command prompt and presses the TAB key. What action will the router take? It will perform an auto-complete function. 47. What is a function of the console port on a router? It is used to manage the router.

48. Refer to the exhibit. Which route will be installed in the routing table on R1 to forward traffic from PC1 to the web server? the static route

49. Refer to the exhibit. After the commands are entered, which password will be required to establish a Telnet session with the router? access