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CP/13/C16 MOCK CLAT XVI- ANSWER KEY AND EXPLANATIONS 1.c 2.d 3.c 4.d 5.b 6.d 7.

b 8.a 9.d 10.d 11.a 12.b 13.b 14.d 15.d 16.a 17.a 18.c 19.d 20.c 21.a 22.b 23.a 24.d 25.d 26.c 27.d 28.b 29.b 30.c 31.c 32.b 33.b 34.b 35.c 36.c 37.b 38.b 39.a 40.b 41.d 42.a 43.c 44.b 45.a 46.a 47.a 48.c 49.d 50.b 51.c 52.c 53.a 54.b 55.d 56.c 57.d 58.a 59.d 60.c 61.b 62.a 63.d 64.d 65.a 66.a 67.c 68.c 69.d 70.c 71.b 72.a 73.c 74.b 75.c 76.a 77.d 78.b 79.a 80.a 81.c 82.c 83.d 84.c 85.b 86.b 87.b 88.a 89.c 90.d 91.a 92.b 93.c 94.a 95.b 96.b 97.d 98.b 99.a 100.c 101.d 102.c 103.a 104.b 105.b 106.c 107.d 108.d 109.a 110.b 111.c 112.c 113.d 114.d 115.b 116.c 117.d 118.a 119.b 120.b 121.c 122.a 123.d 124.b 125.b 126.a 127.a 128.a 129.a 130.b 131.b 132.a 133.d 134.b 135.c 136.c 137.a 138.d 139.a 140.a 141. a 142. b 143. b 144.a 145.a 146.b 147.d 148.c 149.b 150.a 151.c 152.c 153.c 154.b 155.c 156.c 157.d 158.c 159.d 160.c 161.c 162.b 163.c 164.b 165.d 166.c 167.d 168.c 169.d 170.b 171.d 172..a 173.c 174.b 175.c 176.c 177.b 178.d 179.c 180.a 181.c 182.a 183.c 184.d 185.b 186.c 187.b 188.d 189.b 190.b 191.b 192.b 193.c 194.c 195.d 196.b 197.d 198.d 199.b 200.a

Section I English
1. (c) Change we to us. 2. (c) Change to nor. 3. (c) Change gave to had given because the verb in the previous clause is in the past conditional tense. 4. (d) No need for an apostrophe for a possessive pronoun. 5. (b) Who is required as it is the subject of the verb were angry. 6. (d) The idiom is incompatible with. 7. (b) No need for a past perfect tense. Change to has been (the present perfect). 8. (a) A pronoun without an antecedent. Change they to doctors. 1

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CP/13/C16 9. (d) but for is incorrect, use but. 10. (d) incorrect comparison. The statues etc. are like those of a Greek temple. 16. (a) D talks about the difference mentioned in the conference and C talks about the statement of the Singapore foreign minister on the same topic. AB talk about the Chinese viewpoint. 17. (a) these policies mentioned in F refer to the fairly well-accepted general list of helpful policies mentioned in B, so BF form a mandatory pair. 18. (c) D starts the passage by talking about Chavez and that he is a complex person. B explains why he is said to be strange. CA talk about if he really needs to improve his image with poor Americans. 19. (d) D starts with Confucius and how one needs to understand what he does not say also. B talks about this subtlety. AC have a contrasting thought connected by the but in C. 20. (c) this in C refers to emphasized the importance of freedom and tolerance in A, so AC form a mandatory pair. DEB talk about Akbar and how he took note of other religions and even created one synthetic religion drawing on different faiths in the country. 91. = 15 2 = 13 = 93. = = 500 (0.1) = 5, )( 94. = 11 30 2 13 = 65, )( 0.2

, = 95.

11 30 30 4 = 45, )( 2

1 = 15000 0.1 = 1500 = 6000, = 15000 + 1500 6000 = 10500 2 = 10500 + 0.12 10500 = 11760, )( 96. , , & 2

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CP/13/C16 1 1 1 : : 1 1 1 : : = 6: 3: 2 10 20 30

= 6 & = 2 11 = 1100 . . = 100 = 4 = 4 100 = 400, )( 97. 1 = 6720 6000 = 720 = 720 100 = 12% 6000

3 = & ( + 3) = 6000 0.12 (3.12) = 269.568 3 = 2160 = 6000 + 2160 + 269.568 = 8429.568 , )( 98. & 3 = ( + 3) = 600 0.1 0.1 3.1 = 18.6 18.6, )( 99. = 5 = & 7 5 + 5 = 7 19 , = 12 + = 12 = 12 12 = 144, )( 100. 5 10 15 7 + = + 100 100 100 100

. . 5 + 10 = 15 + 7 , 101. 2 = 2 2 2 11 + + = 5 10 15 15 3 3 = )( 10

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CP/13/C16 , = 1 102. = = 1.2 150 = = 1.2 ( 0.5) , = 3 = 103. = = . . = 1 = 500 2 2 1 2 2 2 150 = 50 )( 3 11 4 = . . 26.67% )( 15 15

= 2000 )( 104. , 540 = & 660 = , 11 = )( 9 105. = 20 & = 0.6( + ) , 3 = 2 660 = 540

3 = 20 = 40 & = 60 )( 2 4

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CP/13/C16 106. 3 11 + + = 1 = 24 12 8 2

11 3 = 2 240 = 75 )( 8

107. 12000 = = 0.8 ( + 4) , = 0.8 + 3.2 0.2 = 3.2 = 16 )( 108. 13 = 8 = = 109. = 1 + 2 + 3 . = ( + 1) (2 + 1) 6 6! 8! )( 2! 3!

= 1 + 2 + 3 . 8 = 204 )( 110. 15.9.1963 02.02.2015 1963 = 107 1964 2014 = (51 365) + 13 2015 = 31 + 2 = 33 107 + (51 365) + 13 + 33 1 7 5

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CP/13/C16 15.9.1963 1 . . )(

Section IV Legal Aptitude


111. (c) This is a case of volenti non fit injuria. When he gave consent to take part in the act he impliedly consented to any danger that could occur without any negligence on the anybodys part. 112. (c) As per Principle 1 and 2 the Natwarlal was asked by Jethalal to do the work and he committed a wrong while working in the course of employment so Jethalal will be liable for the damage caused. Natwarlal will not be liable as Atmaram being an old customer at the shop could be presumed to have known that Natwarlal was working on behalf of Jethalal. 113. (d) The answer is self explanatory. 114. (d) The answer is self explanatory. 115. (b) The answer is self explanatory. 116. (c) As per the principle cheating is committed when there is a fraudulent inducement by the accused and here it cannot be said that there was a fraudulent inducement on the part of Baba Malin as he genuinely believed himself to have the skill. At max it can be a case of misrepresentation. And above that to constitute a crime there should be a guilty mind - a wrongful intention which is missing in this case. 117. (d) Both of them are not liable as with the employer there in no directness in the damage caused and his act and with with respect to Harpreet the accident happened due to the unusual rain and not because he was careless in getting his tyres changed. C cannot be the answer as the exception is not mentioned in the principle. 118. (a) The answer is self explanatory. 119. (b) The answer is self explanatory. 120. (b) The answer is self explanatory. 121. (c) Providing the people with suitable living conditions is not a legal obligation on the State and its not the state which is encroaching upon his life but he himself could not manage a good life because of his low income. And as attempt to commit suicide is a crime he cannot be justified in doing such act. 122. (a) The answer is self explanatory. 123. (d) Only Shyam Singh can be held guilty on the basis of his statement as it would act as a confession by him but with respect to others his statement would be that of an approver and thus cannot be the sole evidence to make others guilty. 124. (b) Ali was given a closed jar to be kept in safe custody. By opening it and selling it he exceeded his authority. 125. (b) Even the issue period of the book had exceeded still Akshat had the legal title to possess the book till he did not return it to the library. 126. (a) The Municipality is not liable for discrimination as it had always dumped garbage in the same place, even before B took up residence in that place and the plot is surrounded by other houses as well. If he is getting inconvenienced others are also getting equally inconvenienced. There can be some other charge on the Municipality but not discrimination. 127. (a) The order is unconstitutional on the basis of right to equality but not on the basis of freedom to profess any religion as it is discriminatory in nature and only applies to Sikhs when Hindus are also 6

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CP/13/C16 involved in the riot. But as right to equality is not given in the principle the most appropriate answer is A and not C. 128. (a) Even though his shack was illegally put up he should be given prior notice and reasonable time to remove it otherwise it would be infringing his fundamental right. 129. (a) The fact that he kept an eye for any upcoming danger while Kaloo was stealing amounts to actus reus and alongwith the wrongful intention it constitutes a crime. 130. (b) Double jeopardy is applicable only where the accused is convicted for the same offence but Salman was acquitted in the first case. 131. (b) Double jeopardy applies in case of same offence. But in the present fact situation Salman was earlier convicted of criminal negligence whereas now the charge is of culpable homicide. 132. (a) The statement is substantially true and was printed in the newspaper on public interest. So the newspaper is not liable for defamation. 133. (d) in the absence of any principle this is the most appropriate answer. 134. (b) As the thing stored is extremely hazardous absolute liability will be applicable. The defence given in option (c) is not applicable as it is not given in the principle. 135. (c) A third parties rights cannot be hampered based on a contract between two parties. Thus the Company will be vicariously liable for the acts of his employee done in the course of employment. 136. (c) His method could not be treated as an invention as for an invention a new product should be brought into being and not merely a new method of using an old product. 137. (a) The event of breach is uncertain and hence the contract becomes active the moment that uncertain event occurs. 138. (d) The answer is self explanatory. 139. (a) The answer is self explanatory. 140. (a) The suppliers will be liable as the accident occurred due to the negligent driving of the driver and not due to any inevitable accident in the riot.

Section V Logical Reasoning


161. Since the sky is blue and in this language blue is called rain. Hence, (c) 162. Good sweet fruit = 851 (A), good red rose = 783 (B), rose and fruit = 341-(C) Comparing A and B we get, good= 8, comparing A and C we get, fruit =1 and hence, sweet= 5. Hence, (b) 167. The day repeats itself after seven days. Third Wednesday falls on 15th of the month. Fourth Wednesday will fall on 22nd of the month. Fifth Wednesday will fall on 29th of the month. Fifth Friday will fall on 31st of the month. Hence, (d) 168. Sohans Position = 9th from the top. Kirans Position = (35 7 + 1=) 29th from the top. Sohans Position = (9 +29) /2 = 19th from the top. Hence, Kirans position is 10th from Sohans position. Hence, (c) 169. The series of given plants is as follows: Chiku Guava Mango, Mango Chiku Sitafal.... Hence, the required 30th plant will be Sitafal. Hence, (d)

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CP/13/C16 170. Anshika starts from A ( office) and reaches B, completing 10 km towards West, then she turns to her left and reaches C after completing 8 km, again she turns to her left and reaches D after completing 4 km. Now the distance from the office = AD = + = 36 + 64 = 10 km.

10 M

C 4

D
Hence, (b)

171. D is on the left of C i.e. C, D. B is on the right of E i.e. B, E. A is on the right of C i.e. A, C. B is on the right of D i.e. D, B. From the above statements, the correct order is: A, C, D, B, and E. Clearly, D is sitting in the centre. Hence, (d) Note: It is given that A, B, C, D, E are sitting facing you. So, your right and left will be considered as left and right respectively. 177. (b) The statement is a non-standard way of saying that some (atleast one) politicians (are people who) do not lie. 178. (d) Being a VIP is a necessary condition for being allowed into the private dining area, so all persons who are allowed are VIPs. 179. (c) It is stated that the necessary condition for a restaurant to be decent is that it is on the other side of town, so All decent restaurants will logically have be restaurants on the the other side of town. 180. (a) It is implied that there exists at least one, i.e, some evil things, which are not things that stem from greed. 181. (c) It is necessary that either kobe or shaq suffer a serious injury, in order for the lakers to be Unlikely to win the playoffs, but this necessary condition is unlikely to be fulfilled so the consequence thereof, i.e. lakers being Unlikely to win, does not follow, or in other words, it remains likely that they will win. 182. (a) It is the missing premise, which if added to the given conditional premise, will yield the consequence stated. (If P then Q; P, therefore Q) 183. (c) It is the missing conditional premise of the type If P then Q, to which if the impossibility of Q i.e. NOT Q, is added, it yields the consequence NOT P. 184. (d) It is the missing premise, which if added to the Universal Premise: All who are long-standing politicians believe that Greed, not love, makes the world go around, will yield the stated conclusion that James must be a new-comer. 185. (b) It is the missing premise, which if added to the original premise, yields the conclusion by the logic ALL S is P, X is S; therefore X is P. 8

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CP/13/C16 186. (c) The question does NOT seek the number of months that have only 28 days, and so it follows from fact and logic that ALL months have (at least) 28 days. 187. (b) If the man is living, whether in India or anywhere else, he cannot logically be buried in Pakistan or anywhere else since he is not dead yet! 188. (d) If the prospective bride is the prospective grooms widows sister, it follows that the prospective groom must be dead! 189. (b) It is NOT stated in the facts that the women played the five games against each other; therefore there is no paradox in the situation at all. 190. (b) If you take away 2 apples, you should logically (and obviously) have 2 apples!

191. (b) Options (a) and (d) fail as essence because option (a) mentions a 'perfect' understanding

while option (d) focuses on the example instead of the subject matter of the passage. Option (c) again, digresses to the technical aspect of the example. Option (b) provides the best attentive as the essence. 192. (b) Option (a) talks about how sensory impressions can be recorded and option (c) about retaining the vision. Both can be rendered unsuitable as they support neither the fact of decay not that of lack of notice of sensory impressions. Option (d) is completely irrelevant. Only option (b) suitably supports the passage. 193. In (a), the words 'India had short-listed', it appears that it was India who carried out the short-listing, which is incorrect. (b) does not explain the scenario at all and (d) is a general inference from the given extract, not a summary. (c) on the other hand provides the central idea succinctly. Hence, (c).
194. (c) is the correct answer choice.

The arrangement emerges somewhat like this:Premise - I: If developed country, then social security for the elderly. Premise - II: No social security for the elderly in India, as it is not a developed country and also the traditional support system for them is vanishing. Conclusion: Therefore, working people in India must save for their old age. (c) announces the good news for Indian working people. 'India will become a developed country in the future,' implying social security for the elderly, thereby weakening the conclusion. (a) and (b) indicate some encouraging future trends, but do not obviates the necessity for Indian working people to save for their old age. (d) Strengthens the conclusion, rather than weakening it.
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CP/13/C16

195. The second sentence of the first paragraph points to (d) as the answer. Option (a) is an incorrect reading of the passage. Options (b) and (c), while correct readings, do not explain the analogy completely. Hence, (d) 196. The argument states that the hair cream should be applied to wet hair only. Therefore, men who use hair grooming cream only when they are unable to wash their hair, will find no use for the 'Mohawk' hair cream. Hence (b) 197. (d) Only when the teenager uses of feeling of self-esteem of conquer the desire of peer approval, is be able to avoid and manage the stress situation. Option (d) best illustrates this. Option (a) is just a broad introduction to the topic, hence is ruled out. Option (b) mentions the possibility of weighing, nothing beyond that to validate the authors view. Option (c) is irrelevant in the context. Only option (d) forms the suitable answer. 198. (d) is the correct answer choice. The surmise or hypothesis in the passage implies that biodiversity is inversely proportional to educational performance, with poverty playing no role in this relationship. Therefore, it may be surmised that, even disregarding poverty status, richness in biodiversity goes hand in hand with educational backwardness. (d) merely confirms the inverse relationship, at all levels of poverty. (a) relates good education performance with high levels of poverty, regardless of biodiversity (variety of flora). It contradicts the surmise. (b) and (c) also support the inverse relationship between biodiversity and educational performance, but each reserves a role for poverty in this relationship. 199. (b) is the only option that explains how reducing taxes will broaden the tax base. If taxes on cigarettes (which constitute 90% of the revenues) are reduced, the prices of cigarettes will come down, thereby increasing the demand for cigarettes. More the cigarette smokers, the broader the tax base. Options (a) and (c) mention peripheral matters and can be considered irrelevant to the question asked. (d) is talking about increasing duties (taxes) whereas the last sentence of the paragraph has only looked at "reducing taxes". 200. (a). Since the paragraph talks of 'educated Indians' and 'good Indian jobs' choice (a) is the answer. Since it talks from the point of view of 'parents of prospective brides', the girl doesn't come into the picture. So (b) is out. Nothing is said about 'love' or the 'arranged marriage' being the only option.

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