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APPENDIX EE HALF-PIPE JACKETS

EE-1 GENERAL rp inside radius of jacket dened in Fig. EE-4, in. S1p allowable tensile stress of jacket material at design temperature, psi P1p design pressure in jacket, psi. (P1 shall not exceed P.) The llet weld attaching the half-pipe jacket to the vessel shall have a throat thickness not less than the smaller of the jacket or shell thickness. Through thickness jacket welds with a llet shall be considered when the jacket is in cyclic service.

The calculation procedure in this Appendix shall be used only if both of the following conditions apply. (a) There is positive pressure inside the shell or head. (b) There is positive pressure inside the half-pipe jacket.

EE-2

HALF-PIPE JACKETS

The maximum permissible pressure P in half-pipe jackets shall be determined from the following formula: EE-3
P p F /K (1)

JACKETS WITH OTHER GEOMETRIES

where Pp permissible jacket pressure, psi Fp 1.5S S (F shall not exceed 1.5 S) Sp maximum allowable tensile stress at design temperature of shell or head material, psi Sp actual longitudinal tensile stress in shell or head due to internal pressure and other axial forces, psi. When axial forces are negligible, S shall be taken as PR /2t. When the combination of axial forces and pressure stress (PR/2t) is such that S would be a negative number, then S shall be taken as zero. Kp factor obtained from Fig. EE-1, EE-2, or EE-3 Pp internal design pressure (see UG-21) in vessel, psi Rp inside shell or head radius, in. Dp 2R The minimum thickness of a half-pipe jacket, when the thickness does not exceed one-half of the inside pipe radius or P does not exceed 0.385S1, is given by
P1 r Tp 0.85S1 0.6P1 (2)

For other jacket geometries such as shown in Fig. EE-5, the permissible pressure P may be obtained from the rules of UG-47 for stayed construction or 95 for jacketed vessels. Example What is the required thickness of a cylindrical shell subjected to an inside pressure of 190 psi and a halfpipe jacket pressure of 300 psi? The jacket is in noncyclic service. Let I.D. of shell p 40 in. allowable stress of shell p 16,000 psi joint efciency of shell p 1.0 half-pipe jacket is NPS 3 allowable stress of jacket material p 12,000 psi jacket girth welds are not radiographed corrosion allowance p 0 SOLUTION: The required thickness of the shell due to internal pressure is calculated from Eq. (1) of UG27 as
tp PR SE 0.6P 190 20 16,000 1.0 0.6 190

where Tp minimum thickness of half-pipe jacket, in.


651

p 0.24 in.

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Fig. EE-1

2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 1

FIG. EE-1 NPS 2 PIPE JACKET

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APPENDIX EE NONMANDATORY

Fig. EE-2

FIG. EE-2 NPS 3 PIPE JACKET

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Fig. EE-3

2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 1

FIG. EE-3 NPS 4 PIPE JACKET

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EE-3

APPENDIX EE NONMANDATORY

EE-3

FIG. EE-4

FIG. EE-5

(a) Try t p 4 in.: From Fig. EE-2, with D p 40 in. and t p 14 in., K p60:
P p F /K p (1.5 16,000 6080) /49 p 366 psi > 300 psi adequate p 7600 psi

S p PR /2tp (190 20) /(2 0.25)

(c) Try Sch. 5S Pipe:


P p F /K p (1.5 16,000 7600) /60 p 273 psi < 300 psi not adequate t p 0.083 0.875 p 0.073 in.

(b) Try t p 516 in.: From Fig. EE-2, with D p 40 in. and t p 516 in., K p 49:

r p 3.5 /2 0.073 p 1.677 in.

The required half-pipe jacket thickness is


S p PR /2t p (190 20) /(2 0.3125) p 6080 psi 655 Tp P1r 0.85S1 0.6P1

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EE-3

2001 SECTION VIII DIVISION 1 300 1.677 0.85 12,000 0.6 300

EE-3

p 0.050 in. OK

The minimum llet weld size is equal to 0.083 1.414 p 0.12 in. Use shell thickness of 516 in., halfpipe jacket of NPS 3 Sch. 5S, and llet weld size of 1 8 in.

656

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